SG + HHR and SG + FP both effective for reflux resolution and weight outcomes; SG + FP superior in terms of GERD control
By Elana Gotkine HealthDay Reporter
THURSDAY, June 1, 2023 (HealthDay News) — For patients undergoing bariatric surgery with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and/or hiatal hernia, sleeve gastrectomy (SG) with concomitant hiatal hernia repair (HHR) and SG with fundoplication (FP) are both effective for reflux resolution and weight outcomes, according to a review published online May 6 in the Journal of Clinical Medicine.
Lidia Castagneto-Gissey, M.D., Ph.D., from Sapienza University of Rome, and colleagues conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of SG + HHR versus SG + FP on GERD remission in patients with obesity. The meta-analysis included 15 studies with 1,164 patients; 554 and 610 underwent SG + HHR and SG + FP, respectively.
The researchers found that in the SG + HHR group, clinical GERD symptoms decreased from 58.5 percent at presentation to 20.4 percent postoperatively. In the SG + FP group, the corresponding decrease was from 64.8 percent to 5 percent. Significantly greater GERD remission was seen in the SG + FP group. The groups had similar weight loss, and the rate of leaks did not differ significantly (0.18 and 0.33 percent in the SG + HHR and SG + FP groups, respectively). Perforations occurred significantly more often after SG + FP than SG + HHR (3.1 versus 0 percent), and the mortality rate was significantly higher in the SG + FP group (0.5 versus 0 percent).
“The superiority of SG + FP in terms of GERD symptom remission might be attributable to the greater pressure of the gastric wrap exerted at the level of the lower esophageal sphincter,” the authors write.
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