WHO: Vaccine Hesitancy a Major Global Health Threat

Percentage of U.S. children 19 to 35 months who have not been vaccinated has quadrupled since 2001

Dermatologists’ Rx for Antibiotics Dropped From 2008 to 2016

However, rising use of antibiotics after dermatologic surgical visits is concerning

Personalized Tx May Extend Life in CKD With Small Renal Tumors

Routine partial nephrectomy yielded longest life expectancy in patients with normal renal function

Accidental IV Dislodgement Reported to Be Very Common

Top 3 causes were confused patient, removal of catheter by patient, tape or securement loose

Liver Transplant Survival May Improve With Race Matching

Race-matched donor organ tied to improved survival for African-Americans with HCC undergoing transplant

Review Shares Best Practices for Evaluating Penicillin Allergy

Verifying reported allergies necessary to improve outcomes, prevent antibiotic resistance

Intermittent Fasts Plus Energy Restriction Best for Weight Loss

IF with 70 percent energy intake has better outcomes versus continuous diet restriction in obese women

Replacing Sitting Time With Activity Lowers Mortality Risk

No risk reduction seen when replacing prolonged sedentary bouts with shorter sedentary bouts

Complications Higher Than Expected for Invasive Lung Tests

Complication rates for invasive lung diagnostic procedures higher than those seen in clinical trials

Components of Ideal Cardio Health Cut Diabetes Risk

Lower risk for diabetes seen for those with normal fasting glucose, not impaired fasting glucose

Suicide Risk Up More Than Fourfold for Cancer Patients

Standardized mortality ratio highest for cancers of lung, head and neck, testes, bladder, Hodgkin lymphoma

Low-Income Women Lack Menstrual Hygiene Supplies

One in five low-income women in St. Louis cannot afford products on a monthly basis

Adoption of Advanced Health IT Capabilities Inconsistent

Degree of EHR standardization strongest predictor of health information technology adoption

High Levels of Activity, Motor Ability Linked to Better Cognition

Findings seen in older adults; independent correlations remained for those with Alzheimer disease

Coronary Artery Calcium May Help Predict CVD in South Asians

CAC incidence similar in South Asian men versus white, black, Latino men; higher than Chinese

Use of Diabetes Monitoring Tests in Primary Care Suboptimal

Less than 60 percent of patients with diabetes given HbA1c, lipid profile tests in preceding 12 months

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

Reduction in risk for range of critical outcomes greatest for daily dietary fiber intake of 25 to 29 g

Statin Therapy Reduces Risk for Diabetic Retinopathy in T2DM

Reduced risk, slowed progression of retinopathy for Taiwanese patients with type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia

Persistent Opioid Use High in Head, Neck Cancer Patients

Opioid use before treatment, tobacco use are risk factors for ongoing opioid use

Prices Still Explain High U.S. Health Care Spending

Health care prices explain difference in spending between United States and other countries

Drug Repurposing May Provide More Psychiatric Tx Options

Three drug classes tied to lower rates of self-harm and psychiatric stays with serious mental illness

Sociodemographic Factors Predict Recovery After Traumatic Injury

Gender, education are better predictors of long-term recovery than injury severity

Artificial Intelligence Can Use Routine ECGs to ID Heart Disease

Those with positive AI screen four times more likely to develop future ventricular dysfunction

Adverse Birth Outcomes Up for Women With H1N1 Flu in ICU

Pregnant women admitted to ICU with flu more likely to deliver preterm infants, low birth-weight infants

Chronic Fatigue Patients May Not Receive Proper ED Care

41 percent of patients did not go to ED, felt they would not be taken seriously or nothing could be done

Total Fertility Rates Vary by State

Total fertility rate for U.S. 16 percent less than number needed to replace population

Many Medical Cannabis Users Drive While Under the Influence

More than half of adults using medical cannabis for chronic pain reported DUIC within two hours of use

Minority Med Students Report More Barriers to Dermatology

Students with lower incomes, ethnic minorities cite lack of diversity, socioeconomic barriers

Less Deep Sleep in Elderly Tied to Alzheimer Disease Markers

Poor-quality sleep in later life could be a noninvasive marker for deteriorating brain health

Algorithm Evaluates Cervical Images to ID Precancer, Cancer

Deep learning-based algorithm was validated using archived, digitized cervical screening images

CDC: E. Coli Outbreak Linked to Romaine Lettuce Is Over

25 people were hospitalized, including two who developed kidney failure; no deaths reported

U.S. Food Supply May Be at Risk Due to Government Shutdown

Number of routine food inspections performed by the FDA dropped sharply

FDA: Chocolates, Candies May Be Contaminated With Hepatitis A

Worker at Bauer's Candies facility in Kentucky tested positive for hepatitis A

Doctors Question State Lawsuits Over Pelvic Mesh Products

Lawsuits claim Johnson & Johnson did not fully disclose safety risks of transvaginal mesh products

E-Cigarette Aerosol Exposure Tied to Asthma Symptoms

Findings seen among youth reporting asthma diagnosis, secondhand exposure to e-cigarette aerosols

Outcomes Poorer for Medicaid Beneficiaries With STEMI

Rates of revascularization lower, in-hospital mortality higher for Medicaid versus privately insured

Seniors Still Report Barriers to Hearing Care Services

Difficulties accessing hearing care services seen particularly in older Americans with lower incomes

Private Equity Acquisition of Physician Practices Discussed

Critics warn private equity firms might focus on increased profitability at expense of patient care

Flu Vaccination Safe for Hospitalized Patients

With vaccination, risks reduced for readmission, outpatient visits, fever, clinical evaluations for infection

Transdermal HRT Not Linked to Increased Risk for VTE

But oral estrogen-only and combined hormone replacement tx tied to venous thromboembolism risk

Psychotherapy May Reduce Frequency of Nonepileptic Seizures

Adherence to psychotherapy linked to lower seizure frequency, higher quality of life, fewer ED visits

Nursing Intervention Promotes Better Sleep for Inpatients

Nighttime room entries reduced in unit where nurses received coaching, integrated SIESTA

Nine Cases of Wound Botulism ID’d in Injection Drug Users

All patients used injection drugs; seven reported using black tar heroin and six practiced skin popping

No Increased Fall Risk With HTN Treatment in Older Women

Lower incidence rate ratios found for women with treated controlled hypertension, treated uncontrolled HTN

Long Work Hours Tied to Poor Glycemic Control in T2DM

Findings seen in young male, but not female, Japanese workers with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Fewer Than 5 Percent of Thyroid Surgery Patients Readmitted

Majority of readmissions occur within seven days of discharge and one-fourth within two days

Obesity Linked to Lower Gray Matter Brain Volume

Combination of overall obesity and central obesity linked to lowest gray matter volume

Fewer Complications Found With Hybrid Surgery for Esophageal Cancer

Incidence of intraoperative, postoperative complications lower in resectable esophageal cancer

Smartphone App Can Detect Early Signs of Opioid Overdose

App has high sensitivity, specificity for opioid-induced central apnea, respiratory depression

Measles Outbreak in New York State Largest in Recent History

There has been an increase in measles cases across the United States and worldwide

IC Nicardipine Promising for Tx of Spontaneous Coronary Slow-Flow

Administration of intracoronary nicardipine results in markedly accelerated coronary filling

Depression Tied to Worse Asthma Outcomes in Urban Teens

More than a fourth with asthma reported depressive symptoms, greater symptom severity

Increase in Brand-Name Drug Cost Mainly Due to Existing Drugs

Rising costs of oral, injectable generic and specialty drugs mostly driven by new product entry

Chemo-Radiation Combo Tied to Higher Survival in Peds Hodgkin

Five-year overall survival higher in patients who receive combined tx than those treated with chemo alone

Many Female Health Care Workers Live in Poverty

Half of black and Latina female health care workers earn less than $15/hour

Strict Ordinances Tied to Lower Youth Tobacco Use

Jurisdictions with most restrictive ordinances had lowest odds of ever cigarette use, past 30-day use

Single-Family Rooms May Benefit Very Preterm Infants

Reduced sepsis, increased breastfeeding rates observed; no difference in neurodevelopment vs. open bay units

Feeling Life Is Worthwhile Linked to Healthier Aging

Feeling tied to stronger relationships, greater social engagement and prosperity, less loneliness

Cervical Cancer Screening Rates ‘Unacceptably Low’

Just 64.6 percent of 30- to 65-year-old women up to date, but Pap-HPV cotesting has increased

Antibiotics Prescribed for Children More Often at Nonpediatric EDs

Frequency of guideline-concordant prescribing for respiratory conditions lower at nonpediatric EDs

Racial Differences ID’d in Some Biomarkers of Alzheimer’s Disease

African-Americans have lower mean CSF concentration of total tau, phosphorylated tau181

Toxicity From All-Grade AEs in Prostate CA Better Reflects QOL

Patient-reported toxicity scores more associated with quality-of-life outcomes than clinician-reported scores

Medical Marketing Has Increased in Past 20 Years

Considerable increase seen from 1997 through 2016, especially in direct-to-consumer advertising

USPSTF Affirms Guidance for Hep B Screening at First Prenatal Visit

Evidence convincing that universal prenatal screening reduces perinatal transmission of HBV

Costs Higher for Those With Comorbid Noncommunicable Diseases

Health expenditure greater for person with two diseases simultaneously than for the diseases separately

AI Technology IDs Genetic Diseases by Analyzing Facial Photos

DeepGestalt technology better than doctors at identifying a range of genetic syndromes

Women With CVD Have Worse Self-Reported Outcomes

Women with atherosclerosis also report lower aspirin, statin use and higher ED use versus men

Muscle Atrophy Occurs Rapidly in Critically Ill, Ventilated Children

47 percent of cohort experienced ≥11 percent decrease in diaphragm thickness after six days

Cancer Death Rate in U.S. Decreased Continuously From 1991 to 2016

Socioeconomic inequalities are widening, but racial gap in cancer mortality narrowing slowly

ACA Coverage Gains Could Erode Without Individual Mandate

However, individual market in California not expected to destabilize because of mandate penalty

About 11 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Food Allergy

But nearly 20 percent think they are food-allergic; shellfish, milk, peanut are most common allergies

Risk for Suicide Increased in Year After Cancer Diagnosis

Higher suicide rates observed for cancers with poor prognosis, including pancreatic, lung cancer

Employment, Earning Losses Noted After Cardiovascular Events

Fewer patients admitted to hospital for MI, cardiac arrest, stroke working at three years postevent

Recent Nasal Preps Less Effective Than Injected Vax for Flu in Kids

Quadrivalent live attenuated flu vaccine less effective than inactivated vaccine for influenza A/H1N1pdm09

Meta-Analysis: Botulinum A Tops Placebo for Chronic Migraine

Frequency of chronic migraines significantly reduced after three months; QoL improved

Gabapentin Improves Sexual Function in Provoked Vulvodynia

Sexual function improved for gabapentin vs. placebo, but still lower than among matched pain-free controls

Income Volatility Linked to CVD, All-Cause Mortality

Increased risk seen with income volatility, more income drops during formative earning years

Flu Vaccine Cuts Flu-Related Hospitalization in COPD Patients

Flu-positive patients have higher crude mortality and critical illness versus flu-negative patients

Multimethod Approach Improves ID of Med Nonadherence

Use of provider report, medication possession ratio improved ID of nonadherence in youth with CKD

Rituximab Beneficial in Secondary Progressive MS

Treatment with rituximab linked to lower Expanded Disability Status Scale score, delayed progression

Screening Donated Blood for Zika Not Cost-Effective

Universal mini-pool nucleic acid testing only during high mosquito activity cost-effective in Puerto Rico

Rx Opioids Up Pneumonia Risk in Patients With, Without HIV

Risk greatest with higher-dose opioids and opioids with immunosuppressive properties

Exercise Can Consistently Lower Blood Pressure

Reductions in BP from exercise comparable but not as great as from medications

Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors at Risk for Later Cancers

Survivors have 14-fold increased risk for developing a solid subsequent malignant neoplasm

Home Monitoring of Lung Function Feasible in Teens With Duchenne

Peak flow meter handheld device useful for adolescents with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Myelodysplastic Syndrome/AML Risk Increased After Chemo

Since 2000, risks for therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome, AML up after chemo for solid cancers

Applying Population Health Data IDs Patients at Risk for CVD

Patients at risk for cardiovascular disease identified even with missing electronic health record data

Children Reaching Bone Maturity Earlier

In hand and wrist bones, epiphyseal fusion is initiated, completed earlier now than a century ago

Hypertension With Psoriasis Tied to More Cardiac Interventions

In patients with hypertension, psoriasis linked to increased risk for cardiovascular procedures, surgeries

Discharge One Hour After Naloxone for OD May Be Option

New rule has sensitivity, specificity of 84.1, 62.1 percent for patients receiving prehospital naloxone

Psychoeducational Intervention of Little Benefit in Breast Cancer

However, patients said that psychoeducational group study was important intervention for their life

Functional Milestones Identified for Persons With Down Syndrome

Most maintain personal hygiene by age 13, work independently by 20; 34 percent live independently

In-Hospital Morbidity, Mortality Up With Flu in Heart Failure

Higher incidence seen for in-hospital mortality, acute respiratory failure, acute kidney injury

Sex Differences ID’d in Response to Glioblastoma Treatment

Standard therapy more effective for female versus male patients with glioblastoma

More Comorbidities, Lower Mortality for Holocaust Survivors

Mean age at death significantly higher for survivors versus controls

Risk for MCI Up With Progressive Cerebral Small Vessel Disease

Patients with hypertension with progressive cSVD have increased risk for mild cognitive impairment

Prenatal Valproate Exposure Linked to Increased ADHD Risk

Maternal use of other antiepileptic drugs not tied to increased ADHD risk

Health Benefits of Nonsugar Sweeteners Uncertain

However, large systematic review could not rule out harms from nonsugar sweeteners

Early Classification Predicts One-Year Trauma Outcomes

Six-week assessment of risk, protective factors explains one-year functional, health outcomes

School Nutrition Programs Slow BMI Gains in Children

Promoting healthier eating in middle school more effective than adding physical activity

Many Adults in 50s, Early 60s Worried About Health Insurance

More than one-quarter have little or no confidence they can afford health insurance over the next year

Moderate Drinking Not Harmful for Seniors With Heart Failure

Compared with abstinence from alcohol, increased survival seen with moderate drinking

Pediatric Mortality Rate From Opioid Poisoning Rose 1999 to 2016

Pediatric mortality rate increased from 0.22 to 0.81 per 100,000; rates highest for 15- to 19-year-olds

Artificial Intelligence Can Detect, Classify Acute Brain Bleeds

Further, the system can justify its decisions using an atlas of training CT images

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Number of clinical pneumonia episodes in children <5 years reduced 22 percent in developing countries

Study Reveals High Rate of Phlebitis Caused by IV Cannulas

Rates of other complications similar to those in previously published reports

Patients With Sleep Apnea Have Increased Gout Risk

Among OSA patients, risk for developing gout is highest one to two years after the index date

Sexual-Minority Patients Prefer Nonverbal Data Collection

Collecting sexual orientation and gender identity info nonverbally in ED improved communication

Antidepressant Use in Seniors Linked to Risk for Hip Fracture

Odds ratio highest 16 to 30 days before Rx filled

Classification of Psoriasis Severity Depends on Definition

Authors call for international standardization defining moderate-to-severe psoriasis

Breast Cancer Disparities Mostly Explained by Facility Factors

Findings based on analysis of white, black, and Hispanic patients in Chicago

Clinical Tool Rapidly Assesses Post-Intensive Care Syndrome

27-item questionnaire found to be valid clinical tool for assessing PICS

International Radiation Doses Vary for CT Exams

Dose variation due to institutional decisions regarding technical parameters

Newborn Genomic Sequencing Can Identify Disease Risk

Sequencing detects risk for disorders not anticipated based on infants' known clinical, family history

Anemia Criteria Assist Decision on Type of Colorectal Cancer Screen

Risk for proximal cancers low among patients without broad-definition anemia and/or abdominal mass

Kidney Stones Tied to Increased Renal Cell Carcinoma Risk

Risk increased for papillary RCC but not clear-cell RCC; risk for upper tract urothelial carcinoma increased

Impaired Cognitive Status Impacts Rehab Potential in SNFs

Older adults with cognitive impairment admitted to skilled nursing facilities make fewer gains

College Students at Increased Risk for SgB Meningococcal Dz

Students, parents, health care providers should be aware of the availability of MenB vaccines

Proportion of Cancers Due to Excess Body Weight Varies by State

Population-attributable fraction varied from 3.9 percent in Montana to 6.0 percent in Texas for men

One in 10 EMS Encounters for Involuntary Psychiatric Holds

Alameda County study shows 41 percent directly transported to standalone psych emergency services

Price of Alirocumab Would Have to Be Cut to Be Cost-Effective

Price of alirocumab would have to decrease from original cost of $14,560 to $1,974 to be cost-effective

No Increased Fracture Risk With Canagliflozin in Type 2 Diabetes

Rate of the primary outcome was similar for canagliflozin, glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist

Higher Risk for Depression, Anxiety Seen With Cerebral Palsy

Association seen in patients with cerebral palsy without accompanying intellectual disability

Limited Examination Detects Scabies With High Sensitivity

Sensitivity of limited examination >90 percent regardless of scabies severity, presence of impetigo

Smoking Habits Do Not Differ for Teens With, Without Asthma

Odds of smoking down for teens with persistent asthma versus those with adolescent-onset asthma

Available Vial Sizes Can Cut Drug Waste in Weight-Based Dosing

Vial preparation sizes can be optimized to reduce drug wastage, reduce costs

Partner-Delivered HIV Self-Testing Can Up Linkage to Care

HIVST and reminder phone calls or financial incentives increase HIV testing, care

Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement Model Cuts Costs

Institutional spending decreased more in hospitals in treatment areas versus control areas

Volumes Low for Unprotected Left Main PCI

Real-world procedures performed on older, comorbid patients, lead to more adverse events

U.S. Doctor Monitored for Ebola Exposure in Nebraska Hospital

So far, the American has not shown any symptoms of infection from the virus

Three Novel Loci Associated With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome ID’d

Genetic links with obesity, T2DM, lipids suggest shared genetic architecture for PCOS, metabolic traits

Long-Term Reduction in CRC Risk After Negative Colonoscopy

At 10-year rescreening interval, risks for colorectal cancer and related deaths significantly reduced

Catheter Ablation Tops Drug Therapy for A-Fib in Heart Failure

Meta-analysis shows 6.95 percent increase in LVEF with ablation

Incidence of End-Stage Kidney Disease Up in Australia

Incidence increased for nonindigenous people with type 2 diabetes; greatest increase for under 50s, over 80s

Nurse-Led Program in Primary Care Can Up Detection of Liver Dz

More incident cases identified in intervention arm with nurse-led primary care-based liver clinics

Risk for Breast Cancer Increased With False-Positive Screening Result

Increased risk for screen-detected and interval breast cancer persists for 12 years after false-positive result

Pregnancy Complications Up for Women Born at Low Birth Weight

Risk greatest for women born with birth weight <2,500 g who develop overweight/obesity

Toll on Health From Depression, Anxiety Akin to Smoking, Obesity

For older adults, effect of anxiety, depression on physical health similar to that of obesity, smoking

Many EDs Do Not Have Pediatric Area, Emergency Care Coordinator

Other studies detail concerns about pediatric telemedicine use, grassroots intervention to up PECC use

Obese Patients Exposed to Higher Radiation Doses for X-Rays

Higher dose area product seen for patients with obesity undergoing projection radiography

Sugar-Sweetened Drinks Linked to Chronic Kidney Disease Risk

Odds of CKD up with beverage pattern consisting of higher intake of sweetened soda, fruit drinks, water

High Sodium Intake Associated With New Atrial Fibrillation

Cumulative proportional probability for AF events greatest for those in the highest quartile of salt intake

New Guidelines Address Care for Malignant Pleural Effusions

Recs call for ultrasounds, advise against therapeutic pleural interventions in asymptomatic patients

Second-Line Antidiabetic Meds May Impact Cardiovascular Risk

Cardiovascular risk increased with sulfonylureas and basal insulin versus newer classes of ADM

Effect Sizes Uncertain for Meds Versus Placebo in Knee OA

Meta-analysis: large uncertainty versus placebo for all medications for pain relief

ACOG Updates Guidelines for Gestational HTN, Preeclampsia

Second bulletin provides recommendations for management of chronic hypertension in pregnancy

Many Veterans Oppose Cessation of Colorectal Cancer Screening

More than one-quarter of those surveyed not comfortable with stopping low-value screening

Delayed School Start Shows Benefits for Teens

Longer sleep time tied to better grades, some improvements in attendance

Review Highlights Lack of Tx Options for Prurigo Nodularis

Researchers call for more randomized controlled trials to investigate systemic treatments

Having Children Tied to Higher Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Significant link identified, with nonlinear J-shaped dose-response relationship for increasing parity

Low Vitamin D Tied to Risk for Renal Hyperfiltration in Healthy Adults

Severe deficiency linked to increased prevalence of RHF in population with normal renal function

More Americans Reporting Less Than Six Hours Sleep Per Night

The number of Hispanics, blacks getting short sleep is growing at a fast rate

Opioid Prescribing Patterns Vary for Pediatric Patients

Geographic region, race, age, payment method associated with differences in opioid prescribing

Elevated Risk for Lung CA in Lung Transplant Recipients Explored

13-fold increased risk found in native lung for those receiving single lung transplant

Universal Vaccination for MenB at College Entry Not Cost-Effective

Incremental cost per quality-adjusted life-year gained $13.8 million under societal perspective

Oculomotor Response to Head Impacts Studied in Youth Football

Near point of convergence measured in players during a single high school football season

Health Care Screening Practices Impact Skin Cancer Diagnosis

Likelihood of being diagnosed with skin cancer increased for those undergoing health care screening

Low-Priced Generic Drugs Most Likely to Have Shortages

Shortages associated with modest increases in price, ranging from 6 to 14 percent

Dancing Tied to Lower Odds of Disability in Activities of Daily Living

For older women, dancing -- but not other exercise types -- linked to lower risk for ADL disability

30-Day Postdischarge Mortality Up With HRRP Implementation

Increase in 30-day postdischarge mortality after hospitalization for heart failure, pneumonia, not AMI

Targeted Muscle Reinnervation Can Reduce Phantom Limb Pain

Authors report reduction in pain and no symptomatic neuromas in 22 below-the-knee amputees

More Than Two-Thirds of Drug OD Deaths in 2017 Involved Opioids

Significant increases seen in death rates involving synthetic opioids in 15 of 20 states from 2013 to 2017

ASH Develops Practice Guidelines for Venous Thromboembolism

Clinical practice guidelines presented for diagnosis, treatment, pediatric and pregnancy-linked VTE

New BP Treatment Cutoffs May Not Yield Survival Benefit

Survival benefit not seen with Stage 1 hypertension, only high-risk Stage 2 hypertension

Pediatric Asthma Risk Score Has Good Sensitivity, Specificity

PARS has improved ability over API for predicting asthma in children with mild-to-moderate risk

Home Oxygen Users Experience Problems Related to Equipment

Health care providers report lack of readily accessible resources for prescription of oxygen systems

Massage Offers Short-Term Relief of Knee Pain in Arthritis Patients

Findings among patients with knee osteoarthritis; long-term benefit unclear

Malnutrition Ups Risk of Postop Issues in Pediatric Crohn Disease

In propensity-matched analysis, mild, severe malnutrition linked to elevated odds of complications

ACOG: Interpregnancy Period Should Maximize Women’s Health

Components of postpartum care should be included as the initial components of interpregnancy care

New AAP Guideline Available for Infantile Hemangioma Treatment

Early intervention and/or referral recommended for potentially problematic infantile hemangiomas

Risk of Arterial Thromboembolic Events Up Prior to Cancer Diagnosis

In seniors, risk of arterial thromboembolic events peaked in the 30 days immediately before diagnosis

Most Nurses Unsatisfied With Hospitals’ End-of-Life Care

The nurse practice environment was the best predictor of poor-quality end-of-life care

Appalachia, Western States Have Highest Hep C Prevalence

Nine states account for more than 50 percent of all hepatitis C virus infections

Complications, Costs Up With Cardiac Sx in Opioid Use Disorder

No increased risk of mortality, but increase in incidence of major complications

Initiative Can Cut Gender Gap in Medical School Faculty Salaries

Overall mean salary gap by gender decreased from −2.6 to −1.9 percent after a decade

Updated Guidelines Developed for Diagnosing, Treating Influenza

Rapid molecular assays should be used to improve diagnosis; antivirals should begin as soon as possible

Study IDs Risk Factors for Violent Sleep Disorder

Authors say factors that reduce risk of disorder are important, given its link to other neuro disorders

Exome Sequencing Provides Genetic Diagnosis for Some With CKD

Genetic diagnosis for 9.3 percent of 3,315 patients with chronic kidney disease from two cohorts

Drug Use-Associated Infective Endocarditis Up 2007 to 2017

More than 12-fold increase in DUA-IE hospitalizations and valve surgeries during 2007 to 2017

Fecal Occult Blood Test May Improve CRC Outcomes in Some

For men with left-sided tumors, those undergoing screening had lower N, M categories, higher survival

Costs, Expected Weight Loss Impact Bariatric Surgery Choice

Complications, recovery time, other risks less influential in decision making

Vit C for Pregnant Smokers May Improve Newborn Lung Function

Newborn lung function improved as measured by forced expiratory flow at three months of age

EMS Treatment for Possible Heart Attack Varies by Sex

Women less likely to receive aspirin, resuscitation, ambulance transport with lights and siren

HPV Ups Cervical Cancer Risk, Even With No Cellular Signs

HPV-16/18 confers strong future risk, particularly in women younger than 30 years

FDA Approves Drugs for Treatment of Two Rare Blood Diseases

Elzonris approved to treat BPDCN; Ultomiris approved for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria

Outcomes of Importance ID’d for Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

PD-related infection, mortality, fatigue are highest-ranked outcomes for patients, caregivers

Incident Concussion 5.1 Percent Per Season for Youth Football

Risk increased for youth with depression or history of concussion

CDC: Weight, Waist Size, BMI Increased for Many U.S. Adults

1999-2000 to 2015-2016 saw increase in mean weight, waist circumference, BMI for many subgroups

Mental, Behavior, Developmental Disorders Up With Low-Income

Children in lower- versus higher-income households more often diagnosed with MBDDs

Incorrect Prescribing Alerts Common for Psychotropic Meds

One-third with electronic Rx system that provides alerts believe system provides incorrect warnings

FDA Announces Safety Monitoring Measures for the Essure Device

Measures include having women in the postmarket surveillance study followed for five years, not three

FDA Warns Companies on Unsafe, Unapproved Stem Cell Treatments

Patients contracting deadly infections at clinics offering the unapproved treatments

FDA: Teething Jewelry Linked to at Least One Infant Death

Threats from these products include choking, strangulation, injury to the mouth, infection

FDA: Fluoroquinolones Tied to Heart Vessel Ruptures, Tears

Patients at risk include those with hypertension or certain genetic disorders and the elderly

A-Fib Risk Up for Antidepressant Users, but Higher Before Tx

Antidepressant treatment linked to threefold increased risk during first month; link decreased over year

Evidence on ED Diversion Strategies Inconclusive

But prehospital diversion does not seem to decrease proportion of patients transferred to ED

Endurance Exercise Tied to Anti-Aging at Cellular Level

Effect seen with aerobic endurance and high-intensity training but not resistance training

Age, BMI Predict Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Success

Upper airway stimulation more effective with older age, lower body mass index

Number of People With Dementia Rose Twofold From 1990 to 2016

Overall, 28.8 million disability-adjusted life years due to dementia; 6.4 million attributed to modifiable risks

Infection Control Compliance Not Tied to Knowledge

Rather, home health care nurses' beliefs and perceptions seem to have most impact on compliance