Polygenic Risk Score Reliably Predicts Coronary Artery Disease

PRS predicts prevalent CAD but does not perform as well for predicting incident, recurrent CAD

Sitagliptin Promising Addition for Preventing Acute GVHD

Low incidence of grade II to IV acute GVHD seen in patients undergoing myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Gender Gap Persists in Starting Salary for Physicians

Gender differences in preferences for control over work-life balance do not account for gap in salary

Coverage With HPV Vaccine Continuing to Increase in Boys

Teens whose parents received a provider recommendation had higher coverage with HPV vaccine

CDC: HIV Racial Disparity Measure Decreased From 2010 to 2016

Most incident HIV infections among black women would not have occurred if rates were same as for whites

Mortality Up in Women With Central Obesity, Regardless of BMI

Normal weight with central obesity tied to higher risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality

U.S. Adult Immunization Schedule Updated for 2020

Shared clinical decision making recommended for HPV in adults age 27 to 45 considered likely to benefit

March 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

September 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for September 2019. This roundup...

Access to High-Cost Targeted Treatments Varies for Lung Cancer

Patients treated at a National Cancer Institute-designated center more likely to receive these drugs for lung cancer

Millions of Contigo Kids Cleanable Water Bottles Recalled

Contigo has received 149 reports of the spout detaching, including 18 spouts found in children's mouths

Bupropion-Naltrexone Bests Placebo in Methamphetamine Use Disorder

Response was low but higher with naltrexone-bupropion than placebo during 12-week, two-stage trial

Many Hospitals Lack Sufficient Surgery Volumes

Leapfrog report says lack of hospital, surgeon volume poses safety risk to patients

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Number of clinical pneumonia episodes in children <5 years reduced 22 percent in developing countries

Genomically Targeted Treatment Slows Advanced Prostate Cancer

Men receiving olaparib versus standard treatment experience delayed disease progression

Racial Disparities Seen in Excess Mortality Early in Pandemic

Adjusted excess all-cause mortality was 6.8 per 10,000 for Blacks and 1.5 per 10,000 for Whites, with considerable variation across states

AHA: Intensive BP Control May Increase Life Expectancy

Implementation of treatment according to ACC/AHA 2017 guidelines is cost-effective for high-risk

Maternal Exposure to Fluoride Linked to Lower Offspring IQ

Higher daily intake of fluoride among pregnant women linked to 3.66-point lower IQ score in boys, girls

American Psychiatric Association, May 18-22

The 172nd American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting The annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association was held from May 18 to 22 in San Francisco...

RHB-105 Effective for Eradication of Helicobacter pylori in Adults

Eradication rates with triple therapy unaffected by resistance to clarithromycin, metronidazole

Decreases Seen in Cancer Incidence, Death Rates

Two studies show decreases in incidence and death rates, but variation by sex, race/ethnicity, age

Avoiding Full-Blown Diabetes Cuts Cardiovascular Risk

Early detection of prediabetes may reduce risk for developing cardiovascular disease

Adjuvant Tx for Early Testicular Cancer Does Not Harm Sperm

Adjuvant tx has no clinically significant long-term effect on total sperm number, concentration

CKD Risk Lower for Those Following Healthy Plant-Based Diet

Slower eGFR decline seen in association with greater adherence to overall and healthy plant-based diets

Malnutrition Ups Risk of Postop Issues in Pediatric Crohn Disease

In propensity-matched analysis, mild, severe malnutrition linked to elevated odds of complications

Large U.S. Pharmacy Chains Played Role in Opioid Crisis, Lawsuit Claims

Lawsuit charges chains sold millions of pills in small communities, gave bonuses to pharmacists

Likelihood of Transplant Lower at Profit-Driven Dialysis Facilities

More research needed to understand the mechanisms behind difference in transplant access

Face Masks Most Effective Means to Avert COVID-19 Transmission

Airborne transmission is dominant route for spread; masks are determinant for shaping pandemic trend

February 2020 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for February 2020. This roundup includes...

ACIP: Men as Old as 26 Should Get HPV Vaccine

Panel also no longer advises that healthy Americans ≥65 routinely receive Prevnar 13 vaccination

Cervical Adenocarcinoma Rates Increased in Some Populations

Increasing and stabilizing incidence trends seen for several subpopulations; declines attenuated in SCC

Atypical Temporal Work Patterns Linked to Depressive Symptoms

Women working extra-long hours, men and women working weekends have more depressive symptoms

Risk Factors for Hypersensitivity to Iodinated Contrast Media ID’d

Premedication with antihistamine, change in generic profile of ICM are preventive against recurrent HSR

September 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2020 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for September 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Nurse-Led Program in Primary Care Can Up Detection of Liver Dz

More incident cases identified in intervention arm with nurse-led primary care-based liver clinics

Messages for Increasing Parental Confidence in HPV Vaccine ID’d

Providing information on cancer prevention, avoiding expressing urgency increase parent confidence

Patients Aged 60 to 69 Most Often Hospitalized With COVID-19

At California KPNC hospitals, most common age group hospitalized, admitted to ICU was those aged 60 to 69 years

April 2020 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for April 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2020 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for July 2020. This roundup includes the...

Spirituality May Have Protective Effect on QOL for Stroke Survivors

Spirituality may moderate link between care partner depressive symptoms and survivor psychological QOL

Coexisting Medical Conditions, Smoking Explain PTSD-CVD Link

No link seen after adjustment for smoking, sleep disorder, substance use disorder, anxiety disorders, depression

Patients Happier With Doctors of Same Race

Authors say findings point to importance of having a diverse physician workforce

Deaths From Alcohol, Drugs, Suicide Topped 150,000 in 2018

While there was a decrease in opioid overdose deaths, alcohol and suicide deaths increased

Updated ACIP Immunization Schedule Released for Adults

Changes recommended to influenza vaccine, hepatitis A and B vaccines

Endocrine Society Releases Hypoglycemia Performance Measures

Quality measures help providers identify older adults with T2DM who are at increased risk for hypoglycemia

Many Infants With Hep C-Positive Moms Not Screened for HCV

Prenatal care is an important time to screen for hepatitis C, authors say

Biden Signs Orders to Expand Health Care Access

Reopened Affordable Care Act health insurance enrollment period will run from Feb. 15 to May 15

Smokers Less Likely to Receive Breast, Cervical, CRC Screening

Former smokers were more likely to receive regular screening services than never smokers

Exposure to 2009 pH1N1 Vaccine During Pregnancy Seems Safe

Exposure to pH1N1 influenza vaccine in utero not linked to most pediatric health outcomes

North Carolina Sues Electronic Cigarette Maker JUUL

Also, judge has ruled that the FDA neglected its legal duty by postponing reviews of vaping products

Drop in Episodic Memory Steeper With High Goal Disengagement

Cognitive decline worse for retired versus employed individuals with high goal disengagement, women

January 2020 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for January 2020. This roundup...

FDA: First Treatment Approved Specifically for Postpartum Depression

Zulresso administered by IV infusion over 60-hour period; patients must be monitored during infusion

May 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

American College of Cardiology, March 28-30

The American College of Cardiology 69th Annual Scientific Session and Expo The annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology was held virtually from March...

Trampoline-Related Pediatric Fractures Increased 2008 Through 2017

Significant increase seen in the odds of a fracture occurring at a place of recreation or sport

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of...

Planned Parenthood Withdraws From Federal Family Planning Program

Centers across the U.S. will remain open and the group will attempt to replace loss of federal funding

2009 to 2015 Saw Increase in Hyperglycemic Events

Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state events increased in emergency, inpatient settings

Periop Covert Stroke ID’d in 7 Percent of Older Surgery Patients

Perioperative covert stroke tied to increased risk for cognitive decline one year after surgery

Administrative Data Predict Mortality With Diabetes

Thirty-seven factors have good accuracy for predicting five- and 10-year mortality in older veterans

FDA Warns Juul About Illegal Marketing Claims, Pitch to Youth

FDA questions claims such as Juul is 'much safer than cigarettes' and the 'FDA would approve it any day'

African-American Participation Inadequate in Cancer Drug Trials

Consistent underrepresentation seen in clinical trials evaluating medications across major cancer types

October 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for October 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Indoor Tanning May Up Risk for Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Dose-response association found between indoor tanning and SCC risk among women

January 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Surgeon General Issues Call to Action for Hypertension Control

Three specific goals can drive change in hypertension control in the United States

Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Third Leading Cause of DALYs

Disability-adjusted life year rates 1,347 per 100,000 individuals, behind ischemic heart disease, back pain

Air Filters Shown to Improve Breathing in Children With Asthma

Daily in-bedroom use of a PM2.5 filter results in significant improvement of airway mechanics

CDC: Seniors Use Various Strategies to Reduce Rx Costs

Overall, 4.8 percent have not taken meds as prescribed; 17.7 percent have asked for lower-cost medication

Stepped Tx for Alcohol Use Disorder Studied in HIV Patients

Gradually increasing intensity of treatment reduces alcohol intake and improves HIV status

Denosumab Studied for Prosthesis-Related Osteolysis

Fewer osteoclasts seen at osteolysis membrane-bone interface with denosumab versus placebo in patients undergoing revision hip arthroplasty

2002 to 2018 Saw Increases in Heroin Use, Use Disorder, Injection

800,000 U.S. adults surveyed; prevalence of heroin use increased from 0.17 to 0.32 percent

WHO to Test, Approve Generic Insulin

Agency says new generic versions could create competition that would drive down prices

Vegetarian Diet Tied to Lower Risk for Urinary Tract Infection

Protective association mainly seen in women, in never smokers, and for uncomplicated UTI

Cord Blood Does Not Improve Socialization Skills in Autism

Single CB infusion does not improve socialization skills or reduce symptoms for children with ASD

Walgreens and Kroger Halt E-Cigarette Sales

Decision due to the 'increasingly complex regulatory environment associated with these products'

Hydroxychloroquine Plus Macrolides No Benefit in COVID-19

Hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine with or without macrolides linked to in-hospital mortality, arrhythmia

Nutrient Intake Inadequate in Many Pregnant Women in U.S.

Almost all at risk for excessive sodium consumption

Risk for COVID-19 Increased for Adults Taking PPIs

Dose-response relationship observed; risk up 3.67-fold for those using PPIs up to twice daily

Reviews Assess Tools to Identify, Diagnose, Treat Alzheimer Dementia

Many cognitive tests can differentiate clinical Alzheimer-type dementia from normal cognition

Long Working Hours May Up Risk for Masked, Sustained HTN

Working 49+ hours/week associated with increased prevalence of masked, sustained hypertension

Three-Quarters of U.S. Adults Likely to Get COVID-19 Vaccine

However, lower education, income, and perceived threat of COVID-19 tied to lower likelihood

Reducing Air Pollution Could Cut Rates of Childhood Asthma

Compliance with hypothetical standard of 20 ppb NO2 estimated to result in 20 percent reduction in asthma

Evidence Says Antipsychotics Do Not Prevent Delirium in Adults

Evidence also refutes routine use of haloperidol, second-generation antipsychotics for tx of delirium

Exposure to Urban Air Pollution May Up Risk of Multiple Sclerosis

Adjusted risk 29 percent higher among those residing in more urbanized areas

Modeling Studies Show Cervical Cancer Could Be Eliminated

And mortality could be reduced by about one-third by 2030 and almost completely by 2120

ACC: E-Cigarette Use Continues to Rise

Authors say long-term health consequences remain unknown

Daily Cannabis Use More Common in Distressed Individuals

But use increasing among those with and without past-month serious psychological distress

Meta-Analysis Links Smoking to COVID-19 Disease Progression

Risk for COVID-19 progression nearly double for smokers versus nonsmokers

Stomach Virus Strikes 170 Yosemite Visitors, Staff

Two cases confirmed as norovirus, and most of the others are consistent with the virus

New Rules Seek to Increase Organ Transplants in U.S.

New rules include reimbursing donors for lost wages, tightening standards for organ procurement organizations

USPSTF Recommends Screening Adults for Illicit Drug Use

Evidence inadequate to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening for adolescents

Continuing Blood Pressure Meds Safe for Those With COVID-19

No difference in outcomes seen among hospitalized COVID-19 patients continuing, discontinuing renin-angiotensin system inhibitors

CV MRI Noninferior to Invasive Angiography + FFR in Stable CAD

CV MRI noninferior to invasive angiography, fractional flow reserve for guiding revascularization

Case Description Can Reliably Define Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Differences between patients with AFM, other diagnoses include asymmetry of weakness

Oral Contraceptive Pill May Protect Against ACL Tears

Risk for acute cruciate ligament reconstruction reduced while on OCP, especially for 15- to 19-year-olds

Oncology Clinical Trials Decline During Pandemic

Decline in trial launches could have long-term negative impact, authors say

Middle-Age Lifestyle Changes Can Cut Women’s Stroke Risk

Effective strategies include quitting smoking, starting exercise, maintaining healthy weight, eating healthy food

Initial Invasive Strategy No Better in Stable Coronary Disease

But invasive strategy may improve angina-related status in those with coronary disease, ischemia

Low Muscle Mass in the Arms, Legs Tied to Mortality in Elderly

Muscle mass more predictive of mortality than visceral fat, total fat in older women

AAD: Isotretinoin Exposure for Acne Not Linked to Depression Risk

Acne patients with, without isotretinoin exposure had no significant difference in depression frequency

Composition of Gut Microbiome Altered in Patients With COVID-19

Several gut commensals with known immunomodulatory potential underrepresented in patients with COVID-19

April 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for May 2019. This roundup...

June 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Sugar-Sweetened Beverages May Adversely Affect Lipid Profile

Greater decrease in HDL, increase in triglycerides seen for regular versus low consumption level

Romosozumab Increases Bone Formation, Cuts Bone Resorption

Lower values for resorption end points at month two persisted to month 12, indicating reduced turnover

Acetaminophen Safe as First-Line Analgesic for Most Older Adults

But there may be a higher stroke risk in elderly patients with diabetes taking the drug

Midlife Systemic Inflammation Linked to Later Cognitive Decline

Individuals with a midlife inflammation composite score in top quartile had 7.8 percent steeper decline

COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake Moderately High for Residents at SNFs

Median of 77.8 percent of residents and 37.5 percent of staff members per facility received one or more doses of COVID-19 vaccine

Many Health Care Workers Face Risk for Poor Outcomes With COVID-19

26.6 percent of health care workers with patient contact at risk due to age, chronic conditions

June 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

FDA: Breast Implants Linked to Cancer Can Still Be Sold in U.S.

Agency considering new patient warnings and checklists for the implants

For Substance Abusers, Odds of Opioid Use Up With Cannabis Use

For adults using nonmedical opioids, odds of opioid use are increased on days when cannabis is used

ADA: Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Lower T2DM Risk

No significant difference in risk for type 2 diabetes seen for those receiving vitamin D, placebo

Exposure to Insecticide Might Explain ‘Sonic Attack’ in Cuba

Examination of 26 Canadian diplomats found traces of cholinesterase-inhibiting insecticides

Glucocorticoids Linked to Hospitalized Infection Risk in RA

Risk for hospitalized infections up for patients with RA receiving DMARDs with continued glucocorticoid use

FDA Bans Products That Help Kids Hide Vape Use From Parents

Companies risk additional FDA action if they do not stop manufacture, distribution, and sale of these products

T1DM May Up Progression of CAC During Menopausal Transition

Findings seen for progression of coronary artery calcium independent of other cardiovascular risk factors

Pessary Treatment Successful for Symptomatic Pelvic Organ Prolapse

75.3 percent of patients report successful pessary treatment at five-year follow-up, with discontinuation rates decreasing over time

FDA: Abbott Rapid COVID-19 Test Could Miss Infections

Research has suggested that the Abbott ID NOW point-of-care test may return false-negative results

July 2020 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for July 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Mobile Stroke Unit Care May Reduce Time to Thrombolysis

Findings seen in patients with suspected acute ischemic stroke in a densely populated urban area

Electronic Health Record Usability Graded F by Physicians

Physician-rated EHR usability independently linked to odds of burnout

Risk for Miscarriage Increased With Night Work During Pregnancy

Two or more night shifts during previous week tied to miscarriage risk after pregnancy week 8

Deep Learning Models Can Help Interpret Chest Radiographs

Models developed to detect pneumothorax, opacity, nodule or mass, fracture on frontal chest radiographs

Parent-Targeted Intervention Can Up Communication With Teens

Intervention increased adolescent-reported frequency of parent-teen communication about sex, alcohol

ASN: Finerenone May Slow Progression in CKD With T2DM

Risks for chronic kidney disease progression, CV events lower with finerenone versus placebo

Dual Sensory Impairment Ups Dementia Risk

Findings compared with individual or no sensory impairment

Drive-Through IOP Screening Clinic Feasible During COVID-19

Intraocular pressure screening clinic allows for continued management, including necessary changes in management

Perioperative Chemo Feasible for Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

Phase 2 randomized trial revealed similar overall survival for two active regimens compared with adjuvant therapy

Gender Differences Seen in Adverse Drug Reactions

Differences found in reaction symptoms and types of drugs tied to adverse reactions

Decrease Seen in Child Vaccination Coverage During COVID-19

Up-to-date status for all recommended vaccines down to 49.7 percent among children aged 5 months

Clinical Trial of AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine Paused After Illness

Company investigating whether the illness may be a side effect of the vaccine

HIV-Infected Youth Less Likely to Achieve Viral Suppression

Findings seen in large national sample of youth despite similar rates of linkage to care as adults

Actionable Drug-Gene Interactions Common in U.K. Primary Care

Actionable drug-gene interactions identified in 19.1 to 21.1 percent of all new prescriptions for 56 drugs

Low Vitamin D May Reduce Mobility After Hip Fracture Surgery

Rates of walking at 30 days higher for those with 25(OH)D levels ≥12 ng/mL versus <12 ng/mL

Risk for Bone Fractures Up for Patients With Psoriatic Diseases

No difference in bone mineral density and no increased risk for osteoporosis seen for psoriatic disease patients versus controls

Laparoscopic Resection May Be An Option for CRC Liver Metastases

For resectable colorectal liver metastases, five-year survival rates similar with laparoscopic, open surgery

PARP Inhibitor Slows Progression of Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Veliparib added to chemotherapy, continued as maintenance tx prolongs progression-free survival

Many With Diabetes Engage in Underground Exchange of Medications, Supplies

Diabetes-specific financial stress predicts engagement in trading, receiving donated meds, supplies

COVID-19 Vaccine Scammers Proliferating on the ‘Dark Web’

Sharp rise seen in number of COVID-19 vaccine ads on the dark web; asking prices have doubled or even quadrupled in recent weeks

Shift in Birth Timing Tied to Decline in Birth Weights

Finding largely due to changes in obstetric practices toward cesarean deliveries, inductions from 1990 to 2013

Hearing Aid Use Tied to Lower Risk for Dementia, Depression, Falls

Findings revealed in large study of older adults with hearing loss

Vaccine Program Recovery Difficult After Public Scares

Misinformation is threat to resilience of vaccination programs globally, authors say

STI Incidence Up After Receipt of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis

Younger age, greater partner number, group sex, but not condom use, linked to increased risk of STI

Douglas County, Colorado, Ranked as Healthiest Community

Seven of top 20 communities were in Colorado; nearly all adults in these counties exercise

Full Functionality After Hip Fracture Takes Two to Three Years

Older adults with large social networks experience better recovery

Bipartisan Bill to Curb Drug Costs Backed by White House

Senate bill does not give Medicare bargaining power but would cap out-of-pocket payments by beneficiaries

U.S. Surgeon General Warns of Marijuana’s Effect on Developing Brain

AAP has long advised young people and pregnant or breastfeeding women not to use marijuana

November 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Trial Results Unclear for Benefit of Longer Hemodialysis Sessions

Intervention uptake not sufficient to assess impact of longer hemodialysis sessions on patient outcomes

Four Clinical Phenotypes Identified for Sepsis

Phenotype distributions similar in derivation, validation cohorts; highest mortality for γ phenotype

NOACs Recommended as First-Line Prevention of Stroke in A-Fib

Updated guidelines also emphasize weight loss for overweight, obese patients with atrial fibrillation

ICU Beds Lacking in Low-Income Neighborhoods Across the U.S.

Authors say policies facilitating hospital coordination urgently needed to mitigate the effects of COVID-19

Only One in Four U.S. Hospitals With ICUs Have Tele-ICU Services

Wide regional variation seen for availability of telehealth outpatient visits, tele-ICU services

High-Risk Drinking Could Further Increase Liver Disease

Interventions to address high-risk drinking needed to cut cirrhosis, mortality

Changing EHR Systems May Up Operating Times for Eye Surgery

Institutions should consider if expected benefits of deploying a new EHR system outweigh potential risks

Smoking Has Long-Term Impact on Peripheral Artery Disease Risk

Risk for peripheral artery disease remains 30 years after smoking cessation

Guidance Lists New First-Line Treatment for Severe Malaria in the U.S.

With discontinuation of quinidine, IV artesunate is now first-line drug for treatment of malaria

Model Can Predict Sepsis Risk for Emergency Medical Admissions

Computer-aided National Early Warning Score model makes use of data already collected by clinicians

CDC Clarifies Guideline on Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Pain

Clarification pertains to opioid prescribing for cancer patients, cancer survivors, sickle cell disease

Major Surgery Linked to Lasting Change in Cognitive Trajectory

Major surgery on average tied to additional decline equivalent to less than five months of cognitive aging

Rapid Progression Noted in Artificial Stone Silicosis

Progressive massive fibrosis increased from 6.6 to 37.7 percent after mean follow-up of 4.1 years

Black Race Not Tied to Worse Prostate Cancer Mortality

Findings seen in cohorts of men with nonmetastatic disease after adjusting for nonbiological differences

Hospital-Level Home Acute Care Can Cut Costs, Health Care Use

Less frequent readmission seen within 30 days with hospital-level care at home for acutely ill

December 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for December 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

FDA: Pulmonary Embolism Risk Up With Tofacitinib 10 mg for RA

Safety clinical trial shows risk for PE, death with 10-mg dose versus 5-mg dose, TNF inhibitor

November 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

CDC: Workplace Absenteeism High in 2017/2018 Flu Season

Peak level was significantly higher than the average during previous five influenza seasons

Most Women Do Not Regret Genetic Testing Before IVF

Some level of regret is common, but women are overwhelmingly satisfied with decision

VA May Have to Pay Billions for Veterans’ Emergency Care Claims

Law says VA must pay emergency medical expenses if they are not covered by private insurance

Long-Term Flavonoid Intake Tied to Lower Alzheimer Risk

Findings seen for both Alzheimer disease and related dementias during nearly 20 years of follow-up

Behavioral Therapy First Step for Overactive Bladder in Men

Combination therapy better than drug therapy alone, but not better than behavioral therapy alone

Chimpanzee Adenovirus COVID-19 Vaccine Promising in Seniors

Immunogenicity similar across age groups; vaccine better tolerated in older versus younger adults

AHA: Remote Cardiac Rehab Is Effective Alternative to On-Site Programs

Two studies show no significant reduction in patient acceptance, adherence to virtual CR; remote CR as effective as outpatient CR

January 2020 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for January 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Healthy Diet Tied to Lower Odds of Physical Impairment in Men

Findings seen for higher intake of vegetables, nuts, legumes, and lower intake of meat, sugary drinks

Western Diet Tied to Adult Acne

Large survey shows diets high in fatty, sugary foods and drinks and milk associated with current acne

Spine Surgery Safely Performed in Some Very Elderly Patients

In a carefully defined cohort of patients 80 years and older, 20 percent had perioperative complications

Gaps in Physician Knowledge, Management of Prediabetes ID’d

Primary care doctors have limited knowledge about screening, management for prediabetes

Good CV Health Metrics From Midlife May Lower Dementia Risk

Dementia risk significantly lower for those with intermediate, ideal level of behavioral cardiovascular health in midlife and late life

Prices Will Soon Be Included in TV Drug Ads

Regulations will require companies to disclose prices of meds costing more than $35 for a month's supply

Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors Protect the Heart

Findings show benefit for cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes regardless of kidney function

Three Novel Loci Associated With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome ID’d

Genetic links with obesity, T2DM, lipids suggest shared genetic architecture for PCOS, metabolic traits

Docetaxel Chemo Ups Survival in High-Risk Localized Prostate Cancer

Findings based on addition of docetaxel chemotherapy to androgen suppression, radiotherapy

Most Diabetes Phone Apps Lack Education, Support Functions

Most apps do not trigger alert escalation with consecutive low or high blood glucose values

Patients With COVID-19 Mount Acute Cortisol Stress Response

High cortisol concentrations associated with increased mortality, reduced median survival

CDC Recommends No Travel for Thanksgiving

Agency says it is best to restrict Thanksgiving dinners to people living in the same household

Health Coaches Improve Inhaler Use in COPD Patients

Significant improvements in inhaler adherence, technique seen for low-income patients

Continuing Full Induction Regimen Not Beneficial in Metastatic CRC

Maintenance therapy shows benefit versus observation in terms of PFS but not overall survival

Low Vitamin D, Smoking Predict Worse Cognitive Function in MS

Higher vitamin D predicted better cognitive performance, while smoking predicted worse performance

Anesthesiologists Shift Practice From OR to ICU During Pandemic

Given drop in elective and nonemergency procedures, two-thirds of practices shifted to critical care

Cough Sound Analyzer Helps Differentiate Peds Respiratory Disorders

Automated analyzer can aid in diagnosing asthma, pneumonia, croup, bronchiolitis, LRI

Coronary Artery Calcium May Help Predict CVD in South Asians

CAC incidence similar in South Asian men versus white, black, Latino men; higher than Chinese

Women More Likely to Suffer Nighttime Sudden Cardiac Death

Other independent risk factors include central nervous system-affecting drugs and COPD or asthma

ALA: Lung Cancer Survival Has Increased Nationally to 22.6 Percent

People of color face worse outcomes, have lower likelihood of being diagnosed early, receiving surgery

Higher Mortality Seen for Male Breast Cancer Patients

Clinical characteristics, undertreatment correlated with 63.3 percent excess mortality rate for men