Mortality Risk Down With Meeting Recommended Exercise Levels

Larger survival benefits seen for those who engaged in both muscle strengthening, aerobic activity

March 2020 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Inflammatory Arthritis Linked to Sexual Dysfunction

Themes of impaired sexual function, compromised intimate relationships ID'd in studies of IA patients

Rates of Macrolide Resistance in S. pneumoniae High Across the U.S.

Clinicians should consider alternatives to macrolide monotherapy as empiric therapy for suspected community-acquired bacterial pneumonia

Female Doctors Generate Less Revenue Per Office Visit Than Males

However, female physicians spend more observed time in visits per year than their male counterparts

Firearm Use Up in Female Nurse Suicides in the U.S.

Female nurses used firearms in suicides less often than other women from 2003 to 2013, but firearm use increased from 2014 to 2017

Off-Label Uses in Dermatology Often Missing From Compendia

Only 30.7 percent of 238 treatments used to treat 22 dermatologic conditions listed in compendia

Tagrisso Approved as Adjuvant Therapy for NSCLC With EGFR Mutations

Current approval of the once-daily tablet indicated for patients who have undergone complete tumor removal

Cannabis Use Disorder May Up Risk of Perioperative Heart Attack

Findings in national study of patients undergoing 11 elective surgeries

ACS: Virtual Postoperative Care More Efficient With High Satisfaction

Time spent with provider similar to in-person, but total clinic time shorter with virtual visit

Facebook Asked to Remove ‘Factually Inaccurate’ Ads About PrEP

Ads are from law firms seeking litigants for class-action lawsuit against Truvada maker Gilead Sciences

Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes Tied to Later Atherosclerotic CVD

Findings remain when adjusting for standard risk factors, other adverse pregnancy outcomes

Outcomes Superior for HM3 LVAD Regardless of Preimplant Strategy

HeartMate 3 superior to HeartMate II whether device is bridge to transplant or destination therapy

CDC Refutes Social Media Rumors That COVID-19 Death Data Is Inaccurate

Conspiracy theories claim only a small percentage of people said to have died from COVID-19 actually died from the disease

Pregnancy-Related Cardiovascular Outcomes Worse for Black Women

Compared with Whites, Black women had increased odds of mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, PE, peripartum cardiomyopathy

Equivalence Seen Between Drug Classes for HTN Monotherapy

Thiazide, thiazide-like diuretics superior to ACEi; nondihydropyridine calcium channel blockers inferior

ACR: Age at Psoriasis Onset Sets Course for Psoriatic Arthritis

Pustular psoriasis linked to arthritis onset two years earlier; increased delay seen for plaque psoriasis

North Carolina Sues Electronic Cigarette Maker JUUL

Also, judge has ruled that the FDA neglected its legal duty by postponing reviews of vaping products

High Fiber, Yogurt Intake Linked to Reduced Risk for Lung Cancer

Risk reduced by more than 30 percent for high yogurt consumption and highest quintile of fiber intake

Sleep Myths Are Commonly Circulated

Authors say initiatives to debunk myths, promote healthful sleep practices may benefit public health

Recent Years Saw Drop in Opioid Prescribing at ED Discharge

Opioid prescribing at discharge increased from 2006-2007 to 2010-2011 followed by drop in 2016-2017

Remdesivir Use Growing Globally in COVID-19 Patients

Yet, most physicians believe it is only moderately effective, better used earlier than official guidelines recommend

Hospital Outcomes Worse for Children With Chronic Kidney Disease

Length of stay, costs, mortality risk greater than for children hospitalized with other chronic illnesses

Global Practice Guidelines Issued by International Society of Hypertension

Optimal, essential recommendations presented for lifestyle interventions, therapy in adults with HTN

July 2020 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for July 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Liquid Biopsy-Based Test IDs Biomarkers in Metastatic NSCLC

Test led to increase in number of patients with identified G7 biomarker, reduction in turnaround time

High BMI in Childhood May Up Risk for Bladder Cancer as Adult

Height inversely linked to bladder cancer, while excess BMI gain in childhood linked to increased risk

March 2020 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

California Cruise Ship Passengers Await COVID-19 Test Results

Meanwhile, more than 2,500 New Yorkers have been asked to self-quarantine

CNS-Active Meds Often Prescribed for Older Adults With Dementia

Overall, Rx filled for antidepressants in 49.8 percent, opioids in 29.8 percent, anxiolytics in 26.8 percent

Children With Atopic Dermatitis Have Worse Sleep Quality

Similar total sleep duration seen for children with, without active atopic dermatitis

Risk of Secondary Primary Cancer Varies With Lymphoma Stage

Risk for SPMs differs over time for survivors of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma according to stage at diagnosis

High Birth Number May Harm Cardiovascular Health in Women

Association also seen between more births, less ideal body mass

Cuts in Fine Particulate Matter Pollution Have Spared U.S. Lives

Reductions in PM2.5 since 1999 estimated to have lowered mortality in all but 14 counties

Clinical Drug Diversion Costly to Health Care Organizations

Report finds 47.2 million doses lost due to health care worker misuse and theft in 2018

High-Intensity Training Improves Walking in Stroke Survivors

High-intensity training results in better gains in walking speeds, distance than low-intensity training

Many Female Health Care Workers Live in Poverty

Half of black and Latina female health care workers earn less than $15/hour

Preterm Birth May Be Increased for Women With SARS-CoV-2

Perinatal infection infrequent; effect of infection during early pregnancy not known

2010 to 2017 Saw >5,000 Travel-Linked Dengue Virus Cases in U.S.

Distribution of cases equal between men and women; patients had median age of 41 years

Recommendations Developed for Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome

Interventions producing sustained weight loss of 25 to 30 percent of body weight recommended

Statin Use Not Linked to Rate of Cognitive Decline in Seniors

Rate of decline in memory, global cognition similar for elderly statin users, never users over six-year period

Neurofilament Light Chain Levels Elevated After Repetitive TBI

Elevated exosomal, plasma levels of NfL also linked to chronic PCS, PTSD, depressive symptoms

Low Muscle Mass in the Arms, Legs Tied to Mortality in Elderly

Muscle mass more predictive of mortality than visceral fat, total fat in older women

UGN-101 Active in Chemoablation of Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

Fifty-nine percent of patients had complete response at four to six weeks after initial therapy

Early-Life Mortality Risk Higher in ART-Conceived Children

Increased risk for mortality seen in the first year of life, predominantly in the early neonatal period

COVID-19 Impact on Homeless People in U.S. Not as Bad as Feared

Just over 1,200 of the estimated 66,000 homeless people in Los Angeles have been diagnosed with the virus

September 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

More Mental Health Visits Tied to Lower Rates of Youth Suicide

Youth suicide risk highest with epilepsy, depression, schizophrenia, substance use, bipolar disorder

UV Exposure Not Linked to Risk for Melanoma in Skin of Color

In 11 of 13 studies reviewed, no association observed between UV exposure, melanoma in skin of color

FDA, CDC Call for Pause in J&J COVID-19 Vaccine After Six People Develop Clots

The six cases involved a cerebral venous sinus thrombosis and occurred in women between the ages of 18 and 48 years

Low-Dose Aspirin Lowers CVD Risk but Raises Bleeding Risk

Authors used umbrella review method to explore health outcomes associated with low-dose aspirin

Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine Effective Against British, South African Variants

Company says it is working on a new form of the vaccine to use as a booster shot against the South African variant

Plenty of COVID-19 Vaccine Coming, Fauci Says

To combat the surging pandemic, Fauci is calling on all Americans to practice social distancing and wearing masks

Proinflammatory, Low-Quality Maternal Diet Linked to Adiposity

Odds of late childhood overweight and obesity increased with more proinflammatory diet in early pregnancy

Consuming Ultraprocessed Food May Up Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Significant links persisted after adjustment for markers of nutritional quality, metabolic comorbidities

Perrigo Asthma Inhalers Recalled Due to Clog Risk

Some of the recalled albuterol sulfate inhalers stop working after several uses

Mental Health Disorders Common Among ICU Staff During COVID-19

45 percent of respondents met threshold for probable clinical significance on measures of depression, PTSD, anxiety, problem drinking

Sensory Sensitivity Tied to Constipation in Young Children

Feeding problems due to sensory sensitivities common in children with constipation

June 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Pharmacotherapy, Psychotherapy Combo Best for Bipolar Disorder

Manualized treatments linked to significantly reduced recurrence rates versus control treatments

Teens’ Mental Illness Treatment May Not Follow Guidelines

Variance in treatment occurs within and across ZIP codes, suggesting non-supply-side variables

Obesity During Teen Years Tied to Stiffening of Arteries

This adverse effect is further aggravated by an unfavorable metabolic profile

July 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for July 2019. This roundup includes the...

WHO: ‘Dramatic Resurgence’ of Measles Occurring in Europe

Four European countries have lost their status as having eliminated measles

Early Hospital Intervention for Diabetes Improves Outcomes

Early identification and management decreases hyperglycemia, hospital-acquired infections

Fewer Black Men Adopt Active Surveillance for Prostate Cancer

Overall, use of active surveillance nearly tripled among both black and nonblack men from 2010 to 2015

Drop in Episodic Memory Steeper With High Goal Disengagement

Cognitive decline worse for retired versus employed individuals with high goal disengagement, women

AACR: HPV Vax Low for Adults at High Risk for HIV Infection

Age, sex, sexual orientation differences in HPV vaccination rates were statistically significant

Daily Dose of Nature Cuts Stress Hormone Levels

Only 20 minutes of nature contact shows most efficient lowering of cortisol levels

Decrease Seen in Abusive Head Trauma for Young Children During Pandemic

Mean monthly admissions for AHT in children younger than 5 were lower in 2020 than in 2019, 2018, and 2017

Douglas County, Colorado, Ranked as Healthiest Community

Seven of top 20 communities were in Colorado; nearly all adults in these counties exercise

Efficacy of BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine Lower in Patients With CLL

Second study shows lower neutralizing antibody titers against SARS-CoV-2 after the first dose among elderly patients with multiple myeloma

Medication May Ease ADHD Symptoms in Preschool-Aged Children

Symptoms are reduced in a majority of preschool-aged children who initiate therapy with α2-adrenergic agonists or stimulants for ADHD

AI Model Detects Normal, Abnormal Findings on Brain MRI

Model, which was trained on data from one institution and tested on data from a second institution, had area under the curve of 0.78

Cancer Mortality Higher for U.S. Counties With Persistent Poverty

Counties with persistent poverty have higher overall, several type-specific cancer mortality rates

Low-Cost Marketing of Stimulants to Physicians May Increase Rx Rates

Authors say that given misuse starts in adolescence, marketing to these providers should be examined

Telehealth Use Up Markedly Among Parkinson Patients

Early in the pandemic, majority of Parkinson patients reported experiencing depression symptoms, anxiety, and sleep disturbances

Anticholinergic Meds May Raise Risk for Cognitive Decline

Effects significantly worse among individuals with risk factors for Alzheimer disease

More Comorbidities, Lower Mortality for Holocaust Survivors

Mean age at death significantly higher for survivors versus controls

Home Monitoring of Lung Function Feasible in Teens With Duchenne

Peak flow meter handheld device useful for adolescents with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

In T2DM Patients, Anemia Tied to Diabetic Retinopathy

Association appears to be mediated by decline in serum bilirubin levels

Decreases Seen in Cancer Incidence, Death Rates

Two studies show decreases in incidence and death rates, but variation by sex, race/ethnicity, age

Chest CT Indicates Mortality Risk in COPD

Individuals with higher SAT index had lower risks for mortality, while higher IMAT index linked to higher mortality risk

Frailty Score May Predict Outcomes in Multiple Myeloma

Frailty score based on age, Charlson Comorbidity Index, ECOS PS predicts outcomes in FIRST trial

Timing of Puberty Linked to Risk for Self-Harm in Adolescence

Earlier puberty associated with higher risk for self-harm at 16 years of age

Personal Colorectal Cancer Risk Should Drive Screening

Panel issues weak recommendations for options in adults aged 50 to 79 years with no prior screening

Women With T1DM Experience Shorter Reproductive Period

Women with type 1 diabetes experience 2.5 fewer reproductive years, with findings limited to women diagnosed before reaching menarche

May 2020 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for May 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Rheumatoid Arthritis Linked to Comorbidities Before, After Diagnosis

Increased odds of inflammatory bowel disease, type 1 diabetes, VTE seen before RA diagnosis versus controls

COVID-19 Infection Higher Among Support Staff Than Doctors, Nurses

Black and Latino workers have twice the odds of a positive virus or antibody test

Admissions for Stroke, TIA Down Early in COVID-19 Pandemic

Emergency department stroke alerts decreased, and stroke severity as measured by NIHSS increased

March 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for March 2020. This roundup includes...

December 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for December 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Headache From Epidural for Labor May Up Subdural Hematoma Risk

Presumed postdural puncture headache tied to greater risk for intracranial subdural hematoma

Company Gets $1.6 Billion From U.S. Government for COVID-19 Vaccine

Novavax has never brought a product to market before

Consistent Time of Day Aids Workout Habit

Findings seen for adults who engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity

Incidence of Early-Onset Gastric Cancer Increasing in the U.S.

Early-onset gastric cancer linked to higher grade, signet-ring cells, diffuse histology, metastatic disease

April 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

No Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine Expected Before Election

Company has reversed its previous claims that it would apply for the approval in October

Ambiguous Genitalia in Newborns Not Uncommon

Ratio of prematurity, small for gestational age higher in newborns with disorders of sex development

ADA: Dulaglutide Tied to Decline in Cardiovascular Events in T2DM

Second study shows reduction in renal outcomes with dulaglutide in type 2 diabetes

ENDO: Glycemic Control Good for Regular Human Insulin With V-Go

Mean change in HbA1c not significantly different with regular human insulin, rapid-acting insulin

Telehealth Video Visits Risk Fragmenting Care

Users of video visits are less likely to have a primary care source of care

Chronic Conditions, Obesity Common in Fatal Cases of EVALI

More fatal and nonfatal cases were male and non-Hispanic white versus other race, ethnic groups

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Up With PCOS Regardless of BMI

PCOS one of most influential predictors of T2DM after adjustment for BMI, education, family history

Experts Call for Pediatric Consideration in EMS Planning

Recommendations address planning of EMS dispatch protocols, operations, and physician oversight

N.Y. and Colorado Ask Former Health Care Workers to Return to Workforce

Includes those working in another occupation, retired with medical license that is still active, can be reactivated

70 Percent Efficacy Found for Oxford COVID-19 Vaccine

Acceptable safety profile identified, with three serious adverse events classified as possibly related to the vaccine

Partnership Would Bypass Drug Industry to Sell COVID-19 Vaccine

Vaccine could be sold without profits or licensing fees in Britain and low- and middle-income countries

New Lesions ID’d on Breast MRI During Treatment Likely Benign

New suspicious lesions detected on breast MRI during neoadjuvant therapy are more likely benign

Firearm-Related Pediatric Mortality Down With Stricter Laws

Lower rates of firearm-related pediatric mortality seen in states with stricter gun laws

Morning Exercise Linked to BP Reduction in Sedentary Seniors

Additional reduction seen in average systolic BP with combination of morning exercise and regular breaks

Many Health Care Workers Report Vaccine Hesitancy

However, data are from survey conducted prior to U.S. emergency use authorization of any vaccines

Blood Donors Will Get Results of Coronavirus Antibody Test, Red Cross Says

Positive test result does not confirm immunity to the virus, and test is not meant to diagnose illness

Decline Observed in HPV Type 16/18 Cervical Precancers in U.S.

Greatest declines seen among vaccinated women; decreases also seen in unvaccinated women

Antibiotics, Corticosteroids Beneficial in COPD Exacerbations

Independent of exacerbation severity, antibiotics tied to increased resolution, less treatment failure

Twelve Factors Account for About 40 Percent of Dementias

Actions to mitigate dementia risk include maintaining SBP of 130 mm Hg or less, using hearing aids

Some Obesity-Related Cancers Increasing in Younger Adults

Incidence up for six of 12 obesity-related cancers; steeper increase in successively younger generations

Evidence Points to GI Infection by SARS-CoV-2

Viral host receptor ACE2 stained positive mainly in cytoplasm of gastrointestinal epithelial cells

CDC: Raw Tuna Linked to Salmonella Outbreak in Seven States

Raw ground tuna supplied by Jensen Tuna is likely source of outbreak

Medicare Spending on Essential Medicines Up 116 Percent From 2011 to 2015

22 percent of increased total spending due to higher per-unit cost of existing drugs

Laser Therapy May Aid Sexual Function in Breast Cancer Survivors

Patient-reported improvements seen at four weeks and 12 months among survivors with genitourinary syndrome of menopause

In-Hospital Heart Failure Deaths Down With Routine Vaccinations

Patients with heart failure receiving flu, pneumonia vaccinations have lower in-hospital mortality

Rule Requiring Drug Prices in TV Ads Blocked by Judge

The rule, applying to any drug that costs more than $35 a month, was to take effect this week

Cannabis Use Up, Especially Among Those With Depression

Study also shows declining perception of cannabis use-related risks

Global Prevalence of Pediatric Hypertension About 4 Percent

Meta-analysis of 47 articles used to estimate pooled prevalence in the general pediatric population

CDC: Pregnancy-Related Deaths Occur Before, During, Postpartum

60 percent of pregnancy-related deaths determined to be preventable, with multiple contributory factors

Physical Activity May Cut Fatality Risk in Myocardial Infarction

Risks for instant death, 28-day death related to MI lower in those with moderate-to-high levels of past physical activity

U.S. Deaths Up 20 Percent From March Through July 2020

The United States has had high COVID-19-associated mortality compared with other countries

Prehospital Tx Guidelines May Improve Outcomes in Severe TBI

Survival to hospital discharge did not improve overall, but improvement seen for severe injury cohort

Risk Score Can Predict Long-Term Multiple Sclerosis Progression

Secondary progression score based on five clinical risk factors

Lupus Manifestations Appear to Differ by Race, Ethnicity

Increased risk for severe manifestations seen among blacks, Hispanics, and Asians/Pacific Islanders

Nonpharmacologic Interventions Reduce Agitation in Dementia

Nonpharmacologic more efficacious than pharmacologic interventions for reducing aggression, agitation

Occupational Use of Disinfectants May Up Risk for Developing COPD

Findings seen in longitudinal study of U.S. female nurses who cleaned surfaces, medical instruments

Organic Nitrates May Not Aid Bone Health in Postmenopausal Women

Additionally, organic nitrates are poorly tolerated with headaches as the major complaint

New York State to Ban Flavored E-Cigarettes

Governor says flavored e-cigarettes account for 68 percent of those sold in New York

Smokers More Likely to Report Symptoms Suggestive of COVID-19

Current smokers have increased risk for reporting classic symptoms, more than five symptoms, more than 10 symptoms

Jury Finds Roundup a Major Contributor to Man’s Cancer

Landmark verdict could impact hundreds of other similar lawsuits

Lung Cancer Incidence Rates Up for Young Women Versus Men

Significant increases seen in female-to-male incidence rate ratios in six countries

Mumps Outbreak Reported at Temple University

CDC says more than 2,000 cases of mumps in U.S. last year, 58 cases reported in January of this year

Socioeconomic Status Tied to Survival After In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

High-SES patients less likely to receive delayed cardiopulmonary resuscitation; more likely to survive CPR, to survive to discharge and to 30 days

Higher Mortality Seen for Male Breast Cancer Patients

Clinical characteristics, undertreatment correlated with 63.3 percent excess mortality rate for men

Weight Loss Surgery May Not Relieve Acid Reflux

Symptoms return in half of patients undergoing long-term follow-up after gastric bypass

In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Common in Critically Ill With COVID-19

About half received cardiopulmonary resuscitation; only 12 percent receiving CPR survived to discharge

Overdose-Death Donor Hearts Suitable for Transplant

Proportion of cardiac transplantations from ODDs increased; no difference seen in terms of overall survival

Suicide Risk Prediction Models Could Be Cost-Effective

Suicide risk prediction models would need specificity of ≥95 percent and sensitivity of ≥17 percent to target active contact and follow-up

U.S. to ‘Loan’ COVID-19 Vaccines to Mexico, Canada

Ensuring Canada and Mexico can contain the pandemic will aid in the effort to reopen borders

Voxelotor Improves Hemoglobin Levels in Sickle Cell Disease

Fewer individuals in voxelotor group versus placebo group have worsened anemia at week 24

AAN: Prior Psych Diagnosis Tied to Younger Age of Alzheimer Onset

Findings based on data from retrospective chart review of patients at tertiary specialty memory care center

President Pushing for Nationwide Ban on Flavored E-Cigarettes

Details of plan to phase out flavored e-cigarettes from the market expected during the next few weeks

Stress, Depressive Symptoms Up With Increasing COVID-19 Deaths

Exposure to COVID-19-related media, conflicting COVID-19 information in media linked to symptoms

Trained Alert Dogs Can Detect Impending T1DM-Related Events

In study, individual dogs' performance varied for detecting hypoglycemic episodes, hyperglycemia

Psilocybin Compared With Escitalopram for Depression

No difference seen in change in depression scores at six weeks for psilocybin plus placebo versus psilocybin plus escitalopram

COVID-19 Funeral Assistance Program Announced by White House

Number of people who will be eligible is not known and neither is the program's cost

BP, Waist Circumference, Lipids Should Be Measured Regularly

Lifestyle management should be priority for prevention of ASCVD, T2DM in patients at metabolic risk

Everyone Who Gets COVID-19 Vaccine Will Receive Vaccination Card

Wallet-sized card will document what dose has been given and when next dose is due

COVID-19 Pandemic Delays FDA Review of Vaping Products

Federal court has granted FDA request to delay May 12 deadline to Sept. 9

Single Dose of HPV Vaccine May Cut Preinvasive Cervical Disease

Risk for preinvasive cervical disease decreased with one, two, three vaccine doses at age 15 to 19 years

Patient-Ordered Testing May Up CRC Screening Adherence

Patients self-ordering FIT tests for colorectal cancer screening through an electronic reminder more likely to complete a kit

Regardless of Genetics, Obesity Ups Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Obesity increases the risk for developing type 2 diabetes sixfold, regardless of genetic predisposition

Risk for Hospitalization Up for Pregnant Women With COVID-19

Pregnant women with COVID-19 more likely to be admitted to ICU, receive mechanical ventilation

Risk Factors for Suicide ID’d in Health Care Professionals

Asian or Pacific Islander ancestry, job problems, legal problems, physical health problems increase risk

Migraines in Pregnancy Tied to Worse Outcomes for Mother, Baby

Poor outcomes seen in pregnancy for women and at birth, neonatal, and postnatal periods for infants

Use of Pain Reliever Tramadol May Up Risk for Hypoglycemia

Retrospective analysis of adverse events reported to FDA shows risk similar to that seen with methadone

September 2020 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for September 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Methylation Analysis of cfDNA IDs >50 Cancer Types

Sensitivity increased with increasing stage from 39 percent in stage I to 92 percent in stage IV

Sexual Frequency Linked to Age of Onset of Natural Menopause

However, no correlation seen for living with male partner with age of natural menopause

Risk for Cancer Reduced for Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

Pooled prevalence rates of breast cancer, digestive cancer, skin cancer were 2, 2, and 1 percent, respectively

USPSTF Finds Evidence Lacking to Prevent Illicit Drug Use in Youth

Evidence insufficient to recommend primary care interventions to prevent, cut drug use in youth

December 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for December 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

2009 to 2015 Saw Increase in Hyperglycemic Events

Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state events increased in emergency, inpatient settings

Maintenance Peanut Oral Immunotherapy Effective for Preschoolers

Majority of children reach tolerance great enough to protect them from accidental exposure to peanuts

First Large Clinical Trial of COVID-19 Vaccine in U.S. Could Begin in July

Trial will assess effectiveness of vaccine, include 30,000 volunteers who will receive either vaccine or placebo

October 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for October 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

2000 to 2016 Saw Mortality From Falls Increase for Seniors

Home-based strength and balance retraining exercise program can reduce falls among seniors

Risk for Committing Violent Crime May Be Increased by SSRI Use

Risk higher during treatment, up to 12 weeks after discontinuation among minority of SSRI users

California Couple Awarded $2 Billion in Roundup Lawsuit

Bayer, parent company of Monsanto, maintains glyphosate, main ingredient in Roundup, is safe

Outcomes of In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Poor in COVID-19 Patients

Of the 54 patients receiving CPR who were included in the analysis, none survived to discharge

Muscle Atrophy Occurs Rapidly in Critically Ill, Ventilated Children

47 percent of cohort experienced ≥11 percent decrease in diaphragm thickness after six days

Prescription Opioid Use Up Among Binge Drinkers

More than half of those who misused prescription opioids in 2012 to 2014 were binge drinkers

One-Third of Physicians Will Take 10+ Years to Pay Off Debt

Survey shows that taking extra shifts is one strategy to help doctors pay off medical school debt

AAN: Sweetened Drinks Linked to More Severe Disability in MS

Those in highest quartile of sugar-sweetened beverage intake had greater risk for severe disability

Restless Legs Syndrome Linked to Suicide, Self-Harm

Significant link persisted after excluding those with chronic conditions such as depression, insomnia

Surgery Department Outlines Rapid Response to COVID-19

Surgeons describe operation-triage plan to reduce surgery volumes and manage health care resources

CDC: Nearly Half of TBI-Related Deaths Categorized as Intentional

During last 10 years, suicide surpassed motor vehicle crashes as leading category of TBI-related death

Homeless Patients With AMI Have Distinct Risks, Outcomes

Homeless patients have higher 30-day readmission rates, more readmission for psychiatric causes

Women Satisfied With Breast Reductions Years Later

Findings reported for breast satisfaction, sexual well-being among women undergoing surgery before age 25

Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine Reaches 90 Percent Effectiveness in Early Analysis

Vaccine requires two doses, given three weeks apart

Hospitalization Rates for AMI Dropped During Early COVID-19

Reduction at rate of 19.0 cases per week followed by increase at rate of 10.5 cases per week

New Wave of COVID-19 Infections Taking Hold in America

Luckily, the climbing case count has not yet translated to increased deaths

Nut Consumption Tied to Less Annual Weight Gain, Obesity

Findings seen for increased consumption of total nuts as well as walnuts, other tree nuts, peanuts

Toll on Health From Depression, Anxiety Akin to Smoking, Obesity

For older adults, effect of anxiety, depression on physical health similar to that of obesity, smoking

American College of Surgeons, Oct. 3-7

The 105th Annual American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress The annual meeting of the American College of Surgeons was held virtually this year from...

SABCS: Anastrozole Tied to Lasting Reduction in Breast Cancer Risk

Breast cancer risk significantly lower at median follow-up of 131 months; effect continued after treatment

Physical Activity, Overall Survival Not Linked in Metastatic CRC

Nine or more MET hours per week tied to lower risk for grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events

Risk Factors ID’d for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Mortality

In older patients, risk factors include advanced age, DLBCL stage, Charlson Comorbidity Index

Myocardial Injury Prevalent in Patients With Severe COVID-19

54 percent of discharged patients who had troponin elevation in conjunction with severe COVID-19 had late gadolinium enhancement and/or ischemia

More Screen Time Ups Risk for Depression in Adolescents

Social comparison and reinforcing spirals likely to blame

Adding Maraviroc to c-ART No Better in Advanced HIV

Incidence of severe morbidity similar for addition of maraviroc versus placebo to standard c-ART