February 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

December 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for December 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Polynesian Ancestry May Increase Cardiometabolic Risk

Genetic study reveals link between Polynesian ancestry and higher risk for obesity, T2DM, heart failure in Native Hawaiians

More Than One-Third of Children With SARS-CoV-2 Are Asymptomatic

Cough, rhinorrhea not predictive of positive test; anosmia/ageusia, nausea/vomiting, headache, fever were most predictive

Universal Vaccination for MenB at College Entry Not Cost-Effective

Incremental cost per quality-adjusted life-year gained $13.8 million under societal perspective

AI Model Based on US Classifies Thyroid Nodules by Genetic Risk

Model performance had 45 percent sensitivity, 97 percent specificity, 77.4 percent overall accuracy

Ertugliflozin Seems Safe, Effective for Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

Improvements seen in HbA1c, fasting glucose, body weight, blood pressure over two years

Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes Improved During Lockdown

Decrease in alcohol consumption, easier diabetes control perception were factors associated with better glycemic control

Signs, Symptoms Vary Widely for Children Presenting With PIMS-TS

Pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally linked to SARS-CoV-2 is poorly understood

Global Burden of Serious Health-Related Suffering to Double by 2060

Fastest increases seen in low-income countries, among older people, and for those with dementia

Rates of CPR Before EMS Arrival Increased From 2000 to 2017

Compression-only, standard CPR have increased, linked to doubled survival rates versus no CPR

Adults May Not Need Tetanus, Diphtheria Booster Shots

No significant decrease seen in incidence rates of tetanus, diphtheria with routine vaccination of adults

Safety Climate Perceptions Linked to Health Provider Stress

Nurses have poorest safety perceptions, lowest job satisfaction, and highest reported stress

Shoulder Decompression Surgery Not Recommended

No important improvement seen in pain, function, quality of life versus placebo surgery, other options

Cast Immobilization Recommended for Scaphoid Fractures

Below-elbow cast immobilization should be followed by surgery if nonunion of fracture is confirmed

U.S. Government to Ship Millions of Rapid COVID-19 Tests This Week

Tests will be distributed based on state populations; governors can use them as they see fit

California to Pay Reparations to Victims of Forced Sterilization

California will be the third state to compensate victims of the so-called eugenics movement that peaked in the 1930s

Most Pregnant Women With SARS-CoV-2 Infection Are Asymptomatic

Patients who test positive for SARS-CoV-2 more likely to be Hispanic, report Spanish as primary language

Overlapping Orthopedic Surgery Noninferior for Patient Safety

Reduced odds of perioperative complications seen for overlapping surgery versus nonoverlapping surgery

Flu Vaccine Cuts Flu-Related Hospitalization in COPD Patients

Flu-positive patients have higher crude mortality and critical illness versus flu-negative patients

Multifocal Microvascular Injury ID’d in Brain in COVID-19

No SARS-CoV-2 detected in postmortem samples, but brain may be susceptible to microvascular damage

Prescription Medications Can Be Found on Craigslist

Advertisements found for insulin and albuterol, with analog insulin the most commonly advertised product

New US Assistant Secretary of Health Is First Openly Transgender Federal Official

Rachel Levine is expected to be in charge of Health and Human Services offices and programs nationwide

Increased PCR Testing Shown to Slow COVID-19 Transmission

Average reproduction number reduced by 9 percent with 10-fold increase in ratio of tests to new cases

ART Treatment Not Tied to Higher Risk for Ovarian Cancer

Increased risk compared with general population likely due to nulliparity among ART-treated women; risk not increased versus subfertile women

Psychotherapy May Reduce Frequency of Nonepileptic Seizures

Adherence to psychotherapy linked to lower seizure frequency, higher quality of life, fewer ED visits

Mortality Lower for Veterans Receiving Posttransplant Care in VA

Mortality significantly higher for patients receiving care after kidney transplant in Medicare only, dual care

December 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for December 2019. This roundup includes the...

2018 Health Care Spending Up Due to Higher Prices

2018 uptick in utilization first seen in years, but impact dwarfed by price increases

Moderna Gets OK to Increase Doses in COVID-19 Vaccine Vials

Company expects to begin shipping the 15-dose vials within weeks

Higher Grit Scores Tied to Wellness in Surgery Residents

Those with higher grit scores were significantly less likely to report burnout, thoughts of attrition, suicidal thoughts

One in 10 Hospital Patients May Carry C. Diff at Admission

Asymptomatic carriers of C. difficile at significant risk for progression to symptomatic infection

Less Than 1 Percent of COVID-19 Patients Experience Recurrence

90 percent of repeat positive tests ≥60 days from initial diagnosis are not consistent with true recurrence

U.S. Dentists Prescribe Opioids More Often Than U.K. Dentists

Dentists in the United States also prescribe a greater range of opioids, including long-acting opioids

Recommendations Developed for Management of Lyme Disease

Prophylactic antibiotic therapy should be given within 72 hours of identified high-risk tick bite

June 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Most Infants Susceptible to Measles by 3 Months of Age

In elimination study, 92 percent of infants had antibodies below protective threshold by 3 months

April 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

13 Percent of U.S. Adults Report Serious Psychological Distress During COVID-19

Pandemic-related disruptions to education, employment, finances tied to serious distress

NSAID Use Not Linked to Increased Mortality, Severity in COVID-19

In propensity score-matched cohort, no increase seen in in-hospital mortality, critical care admission, requirement for ventilation

Cardiovascular Comorbidities More Likely for Adults With CHDs

Likelihood increased for history of congestive heart failure and stroke and reporting current depressive symptoms

Bone Health Management Key in Childhood Cancer Survivors

Working group reviewed bone complications to form recommendations for management of bone health

Reference Pricing Linked to Lower Prices Paid by Employers

Cost sharing by employees lower, but time lag seen in physicians' prescribing habits

Satisfaction High With Mohs Surgery for Melanoma In Situ

Short-term, long-term patient satisfaction high with Mohs micrographic surgery for melanoma in situ

Most Women Unaware Alcohol Poses Breast Cancer Risk

Screening and outpatient clinic appointments may offer opportunity for prevention intervention

Age at Vasectomy Reversal Not Tied to Achieving Pregnancy

Shorter obstructive interval and female age associated with achieving pregnancy

Weight-Loss Counseling With Group Visits Improves HbA1c

Weight management/group medical visit arm had lower diabetes medication use, greater weight loss

July 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Speaker Conflicts of Interest May Bias Testimony About Drugs

Public speakers with conflict of interest more likely to provide positive testimony of psychiatric drug

Pandemic Causing Increased Anxiety Among MS Patients

Anxiety increased compared with healthy controls and previous patient survey one year before COVID-19

Incidence of Parkinson Disease Increased in Bipolar Disorder

High frequency of psychiatric admissions for manic/mix, depressive episodes linked to increased risk for PD

CDC: U.S. Life Expectancy Up Slightly, Mortality Lower in 2017

Report shows decrease in age-adjusted death rates, increase in age-adjusted death rate from overdose

Advanced Echocardiographic Training Requirements Issued

At least nine cumulative months recommended to ensure exposure to necessary clinical experience

Hearing Aid Use Tied to Lower Risk for Dementia, Depression, Falls

Findings revealed in large study of older adults with hearing loss

PrEP HIV Prevention Pills to Be Free for Insured Americans

HIV prevention advocates say the new guidance is a game changer

CNS-Active Polypharmacy Examined in Seniors With Dementia

Most common medication was gabapentin, which was linked to 33.0 percent of polypharmacy-days

COVID-19-Related Job Insecurity Tied to Anxiety, Depression

Survey of nearly 5,000 young adults reveals link between job insecurity and self-reported anxiety, depression

Mothers With Autism Face Higher Rates of Postpartum Depression

Women with autism feel misunderstood by professionals, unable to receive parenting support

Family Support May Improve Asthma Outcomes in Poor Youth

Better family ties linked to improved management, outcomes in dangerous/disorderly neighborhoods

Complementary Infant Feeding Guidelines May Lead to Overfeeding

Halving breast milk, feeding per guideline resulted in overweight between 9 and 11 months for three guidelines

Nitrate Pollution of Tap Water May Cause Thousands of Cancer Cases

Annual nitrate-attributable cases of CRC, ovarian, thyroid, kidney, bladder cancer ranged from 2,300 to 12,594

Health Care Spending Per Person Increased to $5,641 in 2017

Spending per person increased 4.2 percent from 2016 to 2017; utilization increased 0.5 percent

Risk for Severe Maternal Morbidity Varies Across Neighborhoods

Neighborhoods with extreme racial, economic polarization have the greatest excess risk for SMM

WHO: Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Still Experimental

FDA 'emergency use authorization' does not mean plasma therapy has been proven safe and effective

U.K. Is First Country to Approve Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine

Vaccine could become the dominant form of inoculation because at $3 to $4 a dose, it is a fraction of the cost of other vaccines

Supreme Court Should Uphold Affordable Care Act: Biden Administration

Health law provides about 23 million people with health insurance, prevents discrimination against preexisting conditions

Risk for Infection Up for Children Born by C-Section

Increased risk for serious childhood infection following elective, emergency cesarean section persisted to five years

States, Pharmacies to Receive Additional Doses of COVID-19 Vaccines

The United States is now delivering an average of 2.17 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines a day

Chinese Report Says Majority of Coronavirus Cases Are Mild

Fatality rate has been 2.3 percent, according to the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention

Open Water Regulations Linked to Lower Drowning Death Rates

Open water drowning death rates lower in states with more types of regulations in dose-response pattern

Low-Cost Marketing of Stimulants to Physicians May Increase Rx Rates

Authors say that given misuse starts in adolescence, marketing to these providers should be examined

NICU Babies at Risk for Later Mental Health Issues

Findings based on long-term follow-up of NICU graduates into adolescence

Applying Population Health Data IDs Patients at Risk for CVD

Patients at risk for cardiovascular disease identified even with missing electronic health record data

High-Quality, Plant-Based Diet Tied to Lower Risk for CVD Mortality

No association seen for quality of plant-based diet and cancer-related deaths

Education May Affect β-Amyloid Burden in Alzheimer Disease

Findings seen in two cohorts with parental history of sporadic AD, autosomal dominant AD

Pregnant Women With Depression More Likely to Use Cannabis

Authors call for education about risks, similar to efforts to stem tobacco use during pregnancy

MEESSI-Acute Heart Failure Risk Score Validated

MEESSI-AHF has excellent discrimination for predicting 30-day mortality with c-statistic of 0.80

Large Increase Seen in Overdose-Related Cardiac Arrests in COVID-19

Overdose-related cardiac arrests sharply increased during April 2020, followed by subsequent decrease

Multiple Sclerosis Tied to Higher Risk for CVD, Cerebrovascular Disease

MS associated with a 3.5-fold higher risk for mortality, 1.5-fold higher risk for cardiovascular mortality

Quarantine Ends on Cruise Ship in Japan as Coronavirus Cases Near 75,000

CDC says containment measures taken on the ship 'may not have been sufficient to prevent transmission'

​IL-6 Receptor Antagonists Benefit Critically Ill With COVID-19​

Improved outcomes, including more organ support-free days, reduced mortality, seen with tocilizumab, sarilumab

More Infectious COVID-19 Variant Now Seen in Nine States

A South African variant that is also more contagious has not been detected in the United States yet

Medicare to Cover CAR-T Therapy for Leukemia, Lymphoma

Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy boosts a patient's own immune cells

About One in Three Multiple Sclerosis Patients Have Migraine

Pooled prevalence of migraine 31 percent in MS patients, with significant variance internationally

Effect of Legislation on School Vaccination Rates May Be Limited

By 2027, CA exemption rate set to stabilize at 1.87 percent with SB277, drop to 1.41 percent with SB276

VA, DoD Update Guideline for Rehabilitation After Stroke

Systematic review addresses effectiveness of pharmacological, nonpharmacological interventions

Decline in Kidney Function Faster After COVID-19-Related AKI

Among patients who have in-hospital acute kidney injury, those with AKI tied to COVID-19 have faster rate of decrease in eGFR after discharge

April 2020 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for April 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipients Often Undervaccinated

Only 19 percent of children were up to date on immunizations by IDSA accelerated schedule

Several Racial/Ethnic-Minority Groups Underrepresented in Health Care Professions

Greater efforts needed to increase diversity in health care professions

ICU Care for STEMI Associated With Improved Mortality Rates

Findings seen in patients who could have been treated in either the ICU or non-ICU unit

WHO to Lead Investigation of COVID-19 Pandemic Origins

Agency acknowledged on Thursday that the new coronavirus can linger in small airborne droplets indoors

Physically Demanding Jobs May Raise Risk for Knee Osteoarthritis

Occupational lifting, kneeling, climbing, squatting, standing versus sedentary work linked to knee OA

FDA Approves Treatments for Heart Failure Caused by Rare Disease

Capsules approved to treat cardiomyopathy caused by transthyretin mediated amyloidosis

Higher BMI in Male Teens Tied to Cardiomyopathy in Adulthood

Risk increased even at BMI considered normal; more than eightfold greater risk seen for BMI ≥35 kg/m²

No Evidence of Legacy Effect Seen for Intensive Glucose Lowering

Findings based on 15-year follow-up study conducted among veterans with type 2 diabetes

Public Health Interventions Could Cut Global Burden of Hepatitis C

Package of prevention, screening, treatments could avert 15.1 million new infections versus 2015

Post-AMI Home Health Care May Lower Risk for Readmission

Patients currently receiving home health care tend to be older, female, have underlying medical conditions

Excessive Drinking Seen in Some Patients With Chronic Conditions

Findings based on data from 2.7 million adults seen in primary care for 26 common medical conditions

Vertebral Fractures Marker of Poorer Prognosis in COVID-19

COVID-19 patients with vertebral fractures more often require noninvasive mechanical ventilation

March 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Protection Against Repeat SARS-CoV-2 Infection About 80 Percent

However, protection against repeat infection 47.1 percent among those aged 65 years and older

Better UTI Monitoring Needed After Hospital Admission in Adults

Many healthcare-associated, community-onset urinary tract infections develop after being discharged

Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acid, Vitamin D Do Not Cut Risk for A-Fib

Treatment with EPA-DHA or vitamin D3 supplement versus placebo results in no significant difference in incident atrial fibrillation over five years

Biden Administration to Back Lifting of COVID-19 Vaccine Patents

Global health activists note that patent holders must also share technical know-how and personnel

SVS Develops Recommendations for Popliteal Artery Aneurysms

Repair recommended for patients with asymptomatic PAA ≥20 mm in diameter to cut risk for thromboembolic complications, limb loss

Massachusetts Passes Bill to Ban All Flavored Vaping Products

Bill would also put 75 percent excise tax on vaping products

December 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for December 2019. This roundup includes the...

July 2020 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for July 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Liraglutide Ups Risk for Gallbladder, Biliary Tract Events

Findings consistent for gallbladder stones, cholecystitis with/without gallbladder stones, biliary obstruction

<10 Percent of U.S. Population Has Antibodies to SARS-CoV-2

Comparing seroprevalence and case counts shows only 9.2 percent of seropositive patients diagnosed

February 2020 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for February 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Early Age at Puberty Linked to Increased T2DM Risk in Men

Early age at peak height velocity also an independent predictor for insulin treatment for T2DM

Undiagnosed Gestational Diabetes Ups Risk for Stillbirth

Women at risk for GDM who are screened, those diagnosed with GDM not at increased risk

Postop Antibiotics Cut Infections After Facial Plastic Surgery

However, longer duration of antibiotics not tied to further decreases in infections

AHA: Lower-Target LDL Level Beneficial After Stroke, TIA

Subsequent risk for CV events lower among patients with ischemic stroke, TIA, evidence of atherosclerosis

Program in Peds Rheumatology Clinic Ups Education on Teratogenic Rx

Findings seen among girls, women of childbearing age prescribed teratogenic meds

Molecularly Matched Therapy Promising in Pancreatic Cancer

Overall survival significantly longer for patients with actionable molecular alterations receiving matched tx

Hot Water Therapy Aids Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease

Small study shows it improves functional ability, has potential for cardiovascular conditioning

Use of Deceased Donor Kidneys Varies by Center

Variation in donor utilization index based on Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network region

Study Confirms Teratogenicity of Valproic Acid, Topiramate

Eight specific types of major congenital malformations associated with prenatal exposure to valproic acid

Fewer Women Than Men Receive Kidney Replacement Therapy

Findings consistent across decades for nine European countries

Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Low in Young Children

Few children or day care center staff had SARS-CoV-2 infection during lockdown; seropositive children more likely exposed at home

American Academy of Otolaryngology, Sept. 15-18

The 123rd American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting and OTO Experience The annual meeting of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and...

Severe Hypoglycemia May Up Fall Risk in Older Adults With T2DM

Twofold higher risk seen for diabetes patients with a severe hypoglycemia event

Inappropriate Prescribing Leads to Poor Outcomes in Older Adults

Potentially inappropriate prescribing tied to ED visits, adverse drug events, functional decline

Half of Americans Anxious About Getting COVID-19

And more than half of adults report concern about the financial impact of the pandemic

Emgality Receives First FDA Approval for Treating Cluster Headache

Patients treated with Emgality had 8.7 fewer cluster headache attacks at 3.0 weeks versus 5.2 with placebo

Guideline Details Pharmacologic Management of COPD

Clinical practice guideline addresses six emerging questions around COPD management

Dancing Tied to Lower Odds of Disability in Activities of Daily Living

For older women, dancing -- but not other exercise types -- linked to lower risk for ADL disability

Fish Oil Supplement Intake Linked to Better Testicular Function

Findings from cohort of young Danish men show supplement linked to higher semen volume, testicular size

AAP: Info Sparse for Nonnutritive Sweetener Use in Children

NNSs may promote small amounts of weight loss, but isolated use unlikely to lead to substantial weight loss

CDC Gives Cruise Ship Lines Guidelines for Simulated Voyages

Agency outlines how inspections of cruise ships will be conducted during simulated and restricted passenger voyages

Fibrosis, Steatosis of the Liver Observed in Some Young Adults

Within Avon Longitudinal Study cohort, 2.4 percent of young adults had fibrosis; 20.8 percent had steatosis

Sharing Data With Surgeons Can Reduce Overuse of Mohs Surgery

Mean stages per case reduced; reduction in Medicare spending estimated to be $11.1 million

Exercising More Often May Lower CVD Risk in Older Adults

Maintaining, increasing frequency of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity level may reduce CVD risk

Shift Work Linked to Increased Risk for COVID-19 Illness

Associations seen for shift work, irregular or permanent shift work, day-shift work, irregular or permanent night-shift work

Prevalence of Low Back Pain About 26.4 Percent in U.S. Workers

16.9 percent of workers with any low back pain missed at least one day of work in previous three months

Timing of Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Examined for C-Section

Risk for surgical site infection not increased for surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis after cord clamping versus before incision

Cancer Risk Halved With Bariatric Surgery-Linked Weight Loss

Hazard ratio 0.44 for incident cancer with loss of at least 20 to 35 versus <20 percent of total body weight

Meal and Snack Patterns Linked to Mortality Risks

Fruit-snack after breakfast linked to lower all-cause, cancer mortality risks; starchy snacks linked to higher all-cause, CVD mortality risks

Risk for Adverse Events Up With Low-Dose Methotrexate

Risks increased for skin cancer and GI, pulmonary, infectious, hematologic adverse events

Recovered but RT-PCR-Positive Individuals Unlikely to Transmit SARS-CoV-2

Those who have clinically recovered but continue to test positive on RT-PCR after the requisite isolation seem not to be infectious to others

CDC: Prescription Drug Use Similar in United States, Canada

Almost 70 percent of adults aged 40 to 79 years used at least one prescription drug in past 30 days

Many Doctors Misinformed About Nicotine’s Risks

Less than one-third of doctors correctly agree that nicotine directly contributed to birth defects

MIV-711 No Better Than Placebo for Pain Relief in Knee OA

But significant reductions seen in medial femoral bone area progression, medial femoral cartilage thinning

Negative Cognitive Bias May Be Key to Depression in Active IBD

Emotional recognition bias may partially mediate the link between IBD activity and depression

Approved Vaccines ‘Respond’ to All COVID-19 Variants So Far: WHO

However, unknown variants of the virus could still emerge and be resistant to existing vaccines

Risk of Arterial Thromboembolic Events Up Prior to Cancer Diagnosis

In seniors, risk of arterial thromboembolic events peaked in the 30 days immediately before diagnosis

September 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Pandemic Has Disrupted Lung Cancer Screenings

Once operations resumed, decrease seen in new patients screened, proportion of suspicious nodules increased

Addition of Sotagliflozin for T1DM Alters Renal Hemodynamics

Addition of SOTA tied to reductions in estimated glomerular filtration rate, blood pressure

Pfizer to Seek Approval in Fall for COVID-19 Vaccine Use in Children Aged 2...

Company also plans to apply to the FDA this month for full approval of the vaccine for use in people ages 16 to 85 years

Earlier Puberty in Swedish Boys Only Partially Due to Higher BMI

Trend from 1947 to 1996 partially explained by increasing childhood body mass index

Use of Performance-Enhancing Substances Tied to Risk Behaviors

Use of PES in young adults, especially young men, is associated with future alcohol use, risk behaviors

Middle-Age Sleep Patterns Tied to Subsequent Cognitive Decline

Among middle-aged Hispanic adults, longer time to fall asleep tied to later global decline

CDC: Progress in HIV Prevention Has Stalled in the United States

Agency says effective HIV prevention, treatment not reaching those who could most benefit

Most Americans Unhappy With U.S. Vaccine Rollout: Poll

However, interest in getting the vaccine has risen, with 71 percent of Americans now willing to be vaccinated

Two Cases of SARS-CoV-2 Variant P.1 Identified in Minnesota

Patients reported travel to Brazil within 14 days prior to symptom onset; genome sequencing confirmed specimens to be P.1 variant

Computer-Assisted Diagnosis Aids Detection of Glioma Growth

Physicians using CAD can detect growth of low-grade gliomas at significantly smaller volumes

Risk for Disability Worsening Increased for MS With Comorbid Depression

Risk increased for persons with depression defined by ICD-10, those exposed to antidepressants

Body Size, Physical Activity Could Impact Odds of Reaching 90

In women, height, BMI at age 68 to 70, and change in BMI impact odds of reaching longevity

Sexual Activity Tied to Long-Term Survival After Heart Attack

Maintaining sexual activity in first six months after heart attack linked to one-third lower death risk

High Symptom Burden in Elderly Linked to Adverse Outcomes

Higher symptom count seen with increasing age and for women versus men

Many Dermatologists Not Ready to Respond to Biological Attacks

Less than three in 10 dermatologists received training in disaster preparedness and response

No Spectators to Be Allowed at Tokyo Olympic Games

Decision came after a new state of emergency was declared in the city due to a sudden surge in COVID-19 cases

COVID-19 Tied to Higher Risk for Large Vessel Occlusion Strokes

However, no association seen between COVID-19 and small vessel occlusion stroke

Supreme Court Upholds Kentucky Abortion Ultrasound Law

Law had been challenged by the American Civil Liberties Union, will go into effect shortly

Statins Tied to Lower In-Hospital COVID-19 Mortality Risk

For adults hospitalized in Spain with COVID-19, treatment with statins associated with lower COVID-19-related mortality

Gamification Increases Physical Activity in T2DM Patients

But no differences between intervention and control groups seen for weight loss or glycemic control in adults with uncontrolled diabetes

ST-Segment Elevation Described in Patients With COVID-19

Presentation variable with high prevalence of nonobstructive disease, poor prognosis

Rule Changes for Donor Organs Could Increase U.S. Kidney Transplants

Use of French-based allocation model would allow transplant of 62 percent of discarded U.S. kidneys

ACR: Warfarin Tied to Increased Risk for Knee, Hip Replacement in OA

Among adults with atrial fibrillation, warfarin use linked to increased odds of knee, hip replacement versus direct oral anticoagulants

ACP: Medicare for All Needed to Fix ‘Ill’ U.S. Health Care System

American College of Physicians has endorsed two proposals being discussed by Democratic presidential candidates

NSAIDs Contribute to Increased CVD Risk in Osteoarthritis

Considerable proportion of increased CHF, IHD, and stroke risk mediated by NSAID use

Pediatric Firearm Injury Prevention Research Underfunded

30-fold increase in firearm injury research needed for funding to correspond with mortality burden

February 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Obesity Linked to Increased Risk for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis

Obese patients have significantly more relapses on first-line treatment with IFN beta, glatiramer acetate

High BMI May Cut Overall Survival in HER2+ Metastatic Breast Cancer

BMI had no impact on progression-free survival to first-line chemotherapy

RSNA: Neurologic Complications of COVID-19 Examined

In patients with critical findings identified on neuroimaging, most common comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes

Rate of Opioid Prescribing High for Teens, Young Adults in ED

From 2005 to 2015, rate of opioid prescribing was 14.9 percent in ED; rates highest for dental pain

Wireless Sensor System Feasible for Monitoring Vital Signs in NICU

Operation possible when immersed in water and compatible with essential medical imaging

2015 to 2018 Saw High Total Cholesterol for 11.4 Percent of U.S. Adults

Highest prevalence of high total cholesterol in those aged 40 to 59; prevalence similar by race/ethnicity

New Hospital Being Built in China for Coronavirus Outbreak

Prefabricated hospital modeled after one that was built in Beijing in six days during the SARS outbreak

American College of Chest Physicians, Oct. 19-23

The 85th Annual Meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians The annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians was held from Oct....

More Side Effects Seen With Guideline-Recommended Chlorthalidone

No cardiovascular benefits found with chlorthalidone versus hydrochlorothiazide for hypertension treatment

Zerbaxa Approved for Hospital-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia

Drug previously approved for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections, UTIs

Machine Learning Models Can Predict Gestational Diabetes

Effective discrimination achieved with 73-variable model, seven-variable logistic regression model in early pregnancy

August 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for August 2019. This roundup includes...

Alcoholics Anonymous More Effective Than Other Treatments

AA/Twelve-Step Facilitation more effective for continuous abstinence than other clinical interventions

Dexamethasone May Hinder Immunotherapy for Glioblastoma

Findings seen in preclinical studies of mice, survival data from patients receiving PD-(L)1 blockade for GBM

Review Compiles Myocarditis Cases Associated With COVID-19

COVID-19-related myocarditis profiled from 42 cases reported in articles published from December 2019 through January 5, 2021

Access to Health Care Has Little Impact on Longevity

Social, behavioral factors account for greater portion of premature mortality than does health care

Patients Satisfied With Oral Sedation for Cataract Surgery

Oral sedation found to be noninferior to IV sedation in terms of patient satisfaction

Adding Belimumab Improves Renal Outcome in Lupus Nephritis

Odds of primary efficacy renal response, complete renal response increased at week 104

AMA: Do Not Use Electronic Cigarettes

AMA statement comes as sixth death from vaping-related lung illness confirmed

Leading Causes of Adult Mortality Vary by Country Income Levels

Modifiable risk factors account for about 70 percent of cardiovascular disease cases, deaths

Flu-Like Illness Tied to Increased Relative Mortality in ESRD

~1,000 deaths of kidney failure patients each year in U.S. may be attributable to seasonal influenza

Classification of Psoriasis Severity Depends on Definition

Authors call for international standardization defining moderate-to-severe psoriasis

Meta-Analyses Link Rosiglitazone to Increased Cardiovascular Risk

Authors call for sharing of individual patient data to strengthen meta-analyses focused on safety