Home News General Health News September 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

September 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Panel Votes Yes to Current Level of Red, Processed Meat Intake

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An international panel suggests that adults continue their current levels of consumption of red or processed meat based on evidence from five systematic reviews published online Oct. 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Clinical Guideline

Review 1

Review 2

Review 3

Review 4

Review 5

Editorial

Washington State Bans Sale of Flavored Electronic Cigarettes

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Washington has become the fourth state to ban flavored vaping products, joining Michigan, New York, and Rhode Island, CBS News reports.

CBS News Article

CVS Halts Sales of OTC Zantac

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — CVS is the latest drugstore chain to stop selling over-the-counter Zantac (ranitidine), as well as the store’s own generic version of the heartburn medicine, because of contamination with a known carcinogen.

AP News Article

Rivaroxaban Cuts Recurrent Blood Clots in Obese Patients

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Real-world evidence shows that rivaroxaban reduces the risk for recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in morbidly obese patients, with similar safety and efficacy as warfarin, according to a study published in the October issue of Thrombosis Research.

Abstract/Full Text

Crude Incidence of Candidemia 8.7 Per 100,000 in 2012 to 2016

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The crude incidence of candidemia was 8.7 per 100,000 population across four states in 2012 to 2016, according to a surveillance summary published in the Sept. 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Recommendations Updated for Management of Pediatric ADHD

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a clinical practice guideline from the American Academy of Pediatrics, published online Sept. 30 in Pediatrics, updated recommendations are presented for the evaluation and management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children.

Clinical Practice Guideline

Perspective (subscription or payment may be required)

Heart Disease May Up Risk for Allopurinol-Linked Cutaneous AEs

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Heart disease is associated with an increased risk for hospital admission for allopurinol-associated severe cutaneous adverse reactions, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Low Cancer Suspicion Tied to Delay in CRC Referral in Primary Care

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Delay in referral for colorectal cancer (CRC) in primary care is associated with low cancer suspicion, according to a study published in the September/October issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Childhood Secondhand Smoke Tied to Later Atrial Fibrillation

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Childhood secondhand smoke exposure predicts an increased risk for adulthood atrial fibrillation (AF) after adjusting for other risk factors, according to a study published in the Oct. 1 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Adverse Outcomes Up for Vaginal Birth After Previous C-Section

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Women undergoing vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) are more likely to have adverse maternal birth-related complications and perinatal outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Most Severe Forms of Mental Illness Lead to Highest CVD Risk

MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Multiple mental illnesses are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes in veterans, with psychosis having the largest effect sizes, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Abstract/Full Text

2009 to 2017 Saw Pediatric Developmental Disability Increase

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Between 2009 and 2017, the prevalence of developmental disability increased among U.S. children aged 3 to 17 years, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Eight Touchpoints May Predict Opioid Overdoses

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Eight candidate touchpoints are associated with increased risk of fatal opioid overdose, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sports Specialization Ups Injury Risk, Especially in Girls

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Sports specialization is associated with a greater volume of vigorous sports activity and increased risk of injury, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in the Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: THC May Be to Blame for Most Vaping-Related Illnesses

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Products containing the marijuana chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) appear to be a main driver behind the hundreds of U.S. cases of serious respiratory illness related to vaping, health officials announced Friday.

More Information

ASCO: More Than One in Five Millennials Use E-Cigarettes

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — One in eight U.S. adults report using electronic cigarettes regularly, according to the American Society of Clinical Oncology’s 2019 Cancer Opinions Survey.

More Information

Recommendations Developed for Evaluating Chronic Diarrhea

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In new American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) clinical practice guidelines, published in the September issue of Gastroenterology, recommendations are presented for laboratory evaluation of chronic watery diarrhea.

Abstract/Full Text

Psoriasis Tied to High BMI, Low Meat Intake in Japanese Study

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Psoriasis is associated with high body mass index (BMI) and low intake of meat, according to a Japanese study published in the September issue of the Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

DPP4 Inhibitors Do Not Up Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Short-term use of a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor (DPP4i) for the treatment of diabetes does not increase the risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online Aug. 30 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Mental Health Service Use Up After Bariatric Surgery

FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is an increase in mental health service presentations after bariatric surgery, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Average Annual Premium for Workers Increased in 2019

THURSDAY, Sept. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2019, the average annual health insurance premium for workers increased slightly for single coverage and family coverage, according to a report published online Sept. 25 in Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients Use Opioids

THURSDAY, Sept. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are more likely to use opioids than persons without SLE, and most SLE patients who use opioids do so for more than one year, according to research published in the Sept. 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

More Than 800 Cases of Vaping-Linked Illness Reported in 46 States

THURSDAY, Sept. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of confirmed or suspected severe lung illnesses linked to vaping has now climbed to 805 cases across 46 states and the Virgin Islands, U.S. health officials reported Thursday.

More Information

Prostate Cancer Risk Higher in Men Receiving Fertility Treatment

THURSDAY, Sept. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Men fathering children through assisted reproduction techniques rather than natural conception have an increased risk for prostate cancer, including early-onset disease, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Telecontraception Seems a Promising Option for Patients

THURSDAY, Sept. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Telecontraception — the provision of contraception through a website or smartphone app — is feasible and seems safe for patients, according to a research letter published in the Sept. 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Primary Care Use Aids Patients With Diabetes and Coexisting Psych Disorders

THURSDAY, Sept. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with mental health (MH) or substance use (SU) disorders with newly diagnosed diabetes, primary care engagement may offer moderate health benefits, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Step-Up Strategy May Differ in Black Children With Asthma

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In contrast to findings in black adolescents and adults, almost half of black children with poorly controlled asthma have a superior response to an increased dose of an inhaled glucocorticoid and almost half have a superior response to the addition of a long-acting beta-agonist (LABA), according to a study published in the Sept. 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

ACOG Updates Guidance on OTC Contraception Access

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a Committee Opinion published in the October issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) presents recommendations for expanding over-the-counter access to hormonal contraception.

Abstract/Full Text

E-Cigarette Maker Juul Stops All Advertising, Replaces CEO

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Amid a national outbreak of vaping-linked illnesses and deaths, vape device maker Juul Labs said Wednesday it is stopping all print, digital, and television advertising, and its CEO, Kevin Burns, is stepping down.

AP News Article

ACA Provided Care to 1.9 Million People With Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The Affordable Care Act (ACA) provided care to an estimated 1.9 million people with diabetes, according to a research letter published online Sept. 23 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Infant Outcomes Worst for Those Born in the Delta

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Infants born in the Delta have the worst outcomes, according to the Sept. 25 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Incidence of Hodgkin Lymphoma Up in Least Deprived Areas

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Individuals living in the most affluent areas of the United Kingdom seem to have an increased incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), according to a study published in the August issue of BMJ Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Exposure to Pesticides Tied to Cardiovascular Disease Incidence

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Occupational exposure to pesticides is associated with cardiovascular disease incidence in the first 10 years of follow-up, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Healthy Dietary Patterns Linked to Lower Incidence of CKD

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A healthy dietary pattern is associated with a reduced incidence of chronic kidney disease and albuminuria, according to a review published online Sept. 24 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Risk for Developing Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Up in IBD

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), especially male patients, have an increased risk for development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), according to a study published online Aug. 16 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Teens Not Receiving Evidence-Based Treatment Options to Quit Smoking

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of evidence-based treatment for nicotine use disorder (NUD) is extremely limited among adolescents and young adults with Medicaid coverage, according to a research letter published online Sept. 23 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Quality of Carbohydrates, Protein Has Improved in U.S. Diet

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 1999 to 2016, the percentage of energy intake from low-quality carbohydrates decreased and that from high-quality carbohydrates and plant protein increased, according to a study published in the Sept. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Mortality Persist in the U.S.

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There are still racial and ethnic disparities in mortality, and these disparities are widening for some age groups, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

USPSTF Urges Asymptomatic Bacteriuria Screening in Pregnancy

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends using a urine culture to screen pregnant persons for asymptomatic bacteriuria (Grade B recommendation) but does not recommend screening nonpregnant adults. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Sept. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report

Final Recommendation Statement

Editorial 1

Editorial 2

Editorial 3

Editorial 4 (subscription or payment may be required)

More Blood Pressure Drugs Recalled

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The recall of the commonly prescribed blood pressure drug losartan has been expanded once again to include an additional five lots.

More Information

Vaping-Related Death in Kansas Brings National Total to Nine

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A 50-year-old man has become the second patient in Kansas to die from lung damage tied to electronic cigarette use. That brings the national total of deaths from this illness to nine, CNN reported.

CNN Article

More Information: CDC

Exposure to Insecticide Might Explain ‘Sonic Attack’ in Cuba

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2016, American and Canadian diplomats in Cuba complained of vertigo, ringing in the ears, pain, blurred vision, dizziness, and memory and concentration problems.

CNN Article

For Seniors With T2DM, Insulin Use Up With Poor Health

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among older individuals with type 2 diabetes, those with poor health have more prevalent insulin use, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Hurricanes Up Mortality Risk for Seniors With Diabetes

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Living through a hurricane increases both the short- and long-term risk for death among seniors with diabetes, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Nut Consumption Tied to Less Annual Weight Gain, Obesity

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Increasing daily consumption of nuts is associated with less long-term weight gain and a lower risk for obesity in adults, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Girls Take Longer to Recover From Concussion Than Boys

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Young female athletes take longer than young male athletes to recover from sports-related concussion (SRC), according to research published in the September issue of the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

E-Cig Use Up in Young Adults, Stable or Down in Older Adults

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2014 to 2018, current and daily electronic cigarette use increased among U.S. young adults but declined or remained stable in older age groups, according to a research letter published online Sept. 16 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Behavioral Treatment Helps Reduce Insomnia in Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A stepped care approach seems beneficial for insomnia treatment among cancer survivors, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in Cancer.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Guideline Updated for Prevention, Management of Hep C in CKD

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a synopsis of the 2018 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) clinical practice guideline, published online Sept. 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, updated recommendations are presented for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and management of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Abstract/Full Text

Protected Health Info Breaches Compromise Sensitive Data

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most protected health information (PHI) breaches compromise sensitive demographic and/or financial information, according to a research letter published online Sept. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Connecticut Sees First Death This Year From Mosquito-Borne EEE

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A Connecticut resident has died from eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), the first such death in the state since 2013, health officials report. In addition, another person in the state has contracted the infection, as an outbreak grows.

CNN Article

More Information: CDC

Rate of Vaping Has Doubled Since 2017 Among U.S. Adolescents

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Vaping is increasing among adolescents, with significant increases seen from 2018 to 2019, according to a research letter published online Sept. 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Higher Mortality Seen for Male Breast Cancer Patients

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Male breast cancer patients have higher mortality after cancer diagnosis than female patients, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in JAMA Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Exercise May Slow Brain Deterioration in Alzheimer Disease

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Exercising may delay brain deterioration in people at high risk for Alzheimer disease, according to a proof-of-concept study published Sept. 17 in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Higher Fat Mass May Up Risk for Major Adverse CV Events in T2DM

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In patients with type 2 diabetes, higher fat mass is associated with a higher risk for major adverse cardiovascular events, according to a study published in the Sept. 23 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

More Aggressive Tx Needed for Familial Hypercholesterolemia

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Even with care in specialty clinics, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) persists above target levels in more than half of patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), according to a study published in the October issue of Atherosclerosis.

Abstract/Full Text

Polysomnographic Thresholds of Limited Use in Pediatric OSA

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Polysomnographic resolution of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and changes in polysomnographic severity of OSA in children account for a small but significant proportion of changes in symptoms and disease-specific quality of life, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Emergency Departments Need to Up HIV Testing, Linkage to Care

MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — HIV testing in South African emergency departments shows a high prevalence and incidence of HIV, as well as significant attrition along the HIV care cascade for HIV-positive individuals, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in EClinicalMedicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Marijuana Use Common Among Adults With Medical Conditions

FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Marijuana use is common among adults with medical conditions, especially younger people, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Racial/Ethnic Disparities Seen in PrEP Awareness, Discussions

FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Considerable racial/ethnic disparities exist in HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) awareness, discussion, and use among men who have sex with men (MSM), according to research published in the Sept. 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Vaping-Linked Lung Illness Claims Eighth Life

FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A Missouri man in his 40s is the eighth person in the United States to die from complications of a lung injury tied to using electronic cigarettes, the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services reported.

More Information

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Underestimated in Patients With Mental Illness

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment tools that do not include severe mental illness as a predictor could be substantially underestimating CVD risk, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Kidney Donation Linked to Increased Hypertension Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Kidney donation is associated with an increased risk for hypertension, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Asthma Visit Rates Decreased From 2001 to 2016

FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Asthma is a common reason for physician visits, although the rate of asthma visits decreased from 2001 through 2016, according to a report published Sept. 20 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Multifaceted Home-Based PT Does Not Aid Walking After Hip Fracture

FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A multicomponent home-based physical therapy intervention does not improve the ability of older patients recovering from hip fracture to walk again, according to a study published in the Sept. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

SGLT2 Inhibitors Linked to Lower Risk for Heart Failure

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors for type 2 diabetes is associated with a reduced risk for heart failure, but not a reduced risk for major cardiovascular events, compared with use of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: Cases of Vaping-Linked Lung Illness Rise to 530 Across 38 States

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of confirmed or suspected severe lung illnesses linked to vaping has risen to 530 cases across 38 states and the Virgin Islands, U.S. health officials reported Thursday.

More Information

House Speaker Unveils Plan to Lower Drug Costs

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has revealed a plan to lower the cost of medications for people on Medicare and those with private insurance.

AP News Article

Maker Halts Distribution of Generic Zantac Due to Possible Carcinogen

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Novartis, the maker of a generic form of Zantac, said Wednesday it will cease distribution of the medicine after investigations suggested that generic and branded versions contain a known carcinogen.

CBS News Article

More Information: FDA

CDC: Valley Fever Cases Increased From 2014 to 2017

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Coccidioidomycosis is still a national public health problem, and the number of cases has increased in recent years, according to research published in the Sept. 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Rates of Diabetes Higher at Lower BMIs Among Minorities

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Even at lower body weights, members of certain racial and ethnic-minority groups have a higher prevalence of diabetes or prediabetes than whites, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cognitive Therapy by Phone, Web May Ease Irritable Bowel Symptoms

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) delivered via telephone and web is effective for relieving the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a study published online Sept. 3 in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

Abstract/Full Text

Skipping Cancer Referral Appointments Linked to Earlier Death

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cancer diagnosis is less likely in patients not attending referral appointments for suspected cancer, but these patients have worse early mortality outcomes than attending patients, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in Cancer Epidemiology.

Abstract/Full Text

Frailty Assessment May Aid Liver Transplant Evaluation

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A frailty assessment as part of liver transplant evaluation may help identify transplant candidates at higher risk for death, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in JAMA Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Increasing DTP3 Coverage Tied to Drop in Diphtheria Cases in Under 15s

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The proportion of diphtheria case-patients younger than 15 years of age decreased as diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) 3 coverage increased, according to a study published in the October issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text

Many Hospitals, Practices Not Screening for Social Needs

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most hospitals and physician practices are not screening for five key social needs associated with health outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Medical Students Not Ready to Provide Nutritional Care

THURSDAY, Sept. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medical education does not equip students to provide high-quality, effective nutrition care, according to a review published in the September issue of The Lancet Planetary Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

New York State Institutes Ban on Flavored E-Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Using his executive powers, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo is banning flavored electronic cigarettes in the state.

AP News Article

12.6 Million in U.S. Could Benefit From Tx to Prevent Active TB

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An estimated 12.6 million persons in the United States could benefit from treatment to prevent active tuberculosis (TB), according to a report published in the October issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text

Anemia in Early Pregnancy May Harm Child Neurodevelopment

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Anemia diagnosed during the first 30 weeks of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and intellectual disability (ID), according to a study published online Sept. 18 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text

Polypill Strategy Promising in Socioeconomically Vulnerable

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a socioeconomically vulnerable minority population, a combination pill (polypill) leads to greater reductions in systolic blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels, according to a study published in the Sept. 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Nonphysician Providers Rarely Interpret Diagnostic Images

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Despite increasing roles of nonphysician providers (NPPs) in health care (nurse practitioners and physician assistants), they still rarely interpret diagnostic imaging studies, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Aortic, Mitral Regurgitation Risk Up With Fluoroquinolone Use

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The risk for aortic and mitral regurgitation is increased with current and recent fluoroquinolone (FQ) use, according to a study published in the Sept. 17 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Hysterectomy Tied to Long-Term Risk for Depression, Anxiety

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hysterectomy, even with ovarian conservation, is associated with an increased long-term risk for de novo depression, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in Menopause.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Diabetes Distress Common at Large Midwestern University

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a large university population, the prevalence of diabetes distress is high, and high diabetes distress levels are associated with lower diabetes quality of life (QOL) for both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Four Modifiable Risk Factors Tied to Hyperuricemia

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Four modifiable risk factors — body mass index (BMI), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, alcohol use, and diuretic use — could individually account for a notable proportion of hyperuricemia and possibly gout cases, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pharmaceutical Treatments for Opioid Abuse May Benefit Teens

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Teens who misuse prescription or illicit opioids might benefit from the opioid treatment medications methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone, according to a review published online Sept. 10 in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Abstract/Full Text

Commentary 1

Commentary 2

Stepwise Approach Effective for Primary Care Dementia Screening

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Assessment of dementia risk using three common screening tools at baseline predicts incident dementia over the course of about seven years, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Pulegone Levels in Mint, Menthol E-Cigarettes May Be Unsafe

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Users of mint- and menthol-flavored electronic cigarettes and smokeless tobacco are exposed to pulegone levels higher than what the U.S. Food and Drug Administration considers acceptable for intake of synthetic pulegone in food, according to a research letter published online Sept. 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Vaping-Linked Lung Illness Claims Seventh Victim

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A 40-year-old California man is the seventh person to die from a severe respiratory illness brought on by using electronic cigarettes.

Tulare County Health & Human Services Agency

Kansas Department of Health and Environment

More Information: CDC

Patients With Rheumatic Disease Often Have Trouble Accessing Care

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Americans with rheumatic disease struggle to access affordable specialty care, according to a national patient survey released by the American College of Rheumatology in conjunction with Rheumatic Disease Awareness Month.

2019 Rheumatic Disease Patient Survey

Gaps in Physician Knowledge, Management of Prediabetes ID’d

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There are considerable gaps in primary care physician (PCP) knowledge regarding risk factors that prompt screening for prediabetes and management recommendations for patients with prediabetes, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Men Less Knowledgeable About HPV, HPV Vaccination

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Men are less knowledgeable than women about human papillomavirus (HPV), HPV vaccination, and the correlation between HPV and cancer, according to a research letter published online Sept. 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Off-Label Ordering of Systemic Drugs Up for Children

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The rate of off-label ordering of systemic drugs has increased for children, according to a study published online Sept. 16 in Pediatrics.

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Prenatal, Postnatal Exposures Tied to Blood Pressure in Children

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Prenatal and postnatal exposure to chemicals, environment, and meteorological factors may impact blood pressure (BP) in children, according to a study published in the Sept. 10 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Screening for Breast Cancer in Men Has Increased Over Time

TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Screening for breast cancer in men has increased over time, with high sensitivity and specificity for mammographic screening, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in Radiology.

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Aspirin for Primary Prevention May Offer Net Benefit for Some

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is likely to result in net benefit for some patients, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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New York State to Ban Flavored E-Cigarettes

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Using his executive powers, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo has ordered a ban on most flavored electronic cigarettes in the state.

CNN Article

No New U.S. Measles Cases Reported Last Week

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The measles outbreak that has spread throughout the United States may be winding down as no new cases were reported last week, health officials said Monday.

AP News Article

More Information: CDC

Acetaminophen in Pregnancy May Affect Childhood Behavior

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Acetaminophen use in mid-to-late pregnancy may have an adverse effect on early childhood neurocognitive outcome, according to a study published online Sept. 15 in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology.

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Room for Improvement Found in HPV Vaccine Delivery Practices

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There are areas for improvement for pediatricians and family physicians (FPs) in recommendation and delivery methods for the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, according to a study published online Sept. 16 in Pediatrics.

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Donepezil Ups Risk for Hospital Admission for Rhabdomyolysis

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Initiating donepezil to manage symptoms of Alzheimer disease or other dementias is associated with a higher risk for 30-day admission to the hospital with rhabdomyolysis compared with initiating rivastigmine or galantamine, according to a study published in the Sept. 16 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Primary Care Faces Challenges in Caring for Kidney Disease

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Primary care providers (PCPs) report substantial, but modifiable, barriers to caring for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online Aug. 22 in PLOS ONE.

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Remote, Postpartum BP Checks Feasible in Women With HTN

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A remote blood pressure monitoring program is feasible and acceptable to postpartum women with hypertension, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Continued Use Low Three Months After ED Opioid Rx for Acute Pain

MONDAY, Sept. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Opioid use at three months after an emergency department visit where opioids were prescribed for acute pain is relatively low and not necessarily tied to opioid misuse, according to a study published in the August issue of Academic Emergency Medicine.

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MCI Linked to Lower Use of Cardiac Catheterization in AMI

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Preexisting mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is associated with a lower use of cardiac catheterization and coronary revascularization after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Suicide Rates Increasing for Male, Female Youths in U.S.

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Suicide mortality rates increased from 1999 to 2017 among both male and female youths, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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CDC Revises Number of Vaping-Linked Lung Illnesses to 380

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — U.S. health officials have revised downward the number of cases of severe lung injury linked to vaping, from more than 450 cases cited last week to the total of 380 cases announced late Thursday.

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FDA to Assess First Drug Meant to Prevent Peanut Allergy

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A panel of experts at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is set to weigh the pros and cons of what could be the first drug ever approved to prevent peanut allergy.

The Washington Post Article

FDA: Zantac May Contain Small Amounts of Known Carcinogen

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A substance that could cause cancer has been found in some ranitidine heartburn and ulcer medicines, including the brand-name drug Zantac, and the source of this contamination is being investigated, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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Prevalence of Short Sleep Duration Up From 2010 to 2018

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of short sleep duration increased among working American adults from 2010 to 2018, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of Community Health.

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Lifetime Risks for Peripheral Artery Disease Higher for Blacks

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The lifetime risks for peripheral artery disease (PAD) are higher in black men and women than in whites or Hispanics, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Helmets Are Underutilized by Cyclists in the United States

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2002 to 2012, only 22 percent of bicyclists with head/neck injury in the United States wore helmets, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in Brain Injury.

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Prevalence of Apnea High in Individuals With Resistant HTN

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Individuals with resistant hypertension (RH) have a high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), with a dose-response association observed between the severity of OSA and blood pressure (BP) values, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Women With Heart Attack Do Present With Typical Symptoms

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Typical symptoms of myocardial infarction are more common and have greater predictive value in women than in men, according to a study published in the Sept. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Fewer Children Receiving Care at Family Medicine Practices

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2009 to 2016, there was a decrease in the proportion of children seen at family physician (FP) practices, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Most Diagnosed With Dementia Do Not Receive Specialty Care

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The majority of older adults diagnosed with dementia do not receive specialty care, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Alzheimer’s & Dementia.

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Nine States Now Have an Obesity Rate Above 35 Percent

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of U.S. states with adult obesity rates above 35 percent reached an all-time high of nine in 2018, according to the Trust for America’s Health, the nonprofit group behind the 16th annual “State of Obesity: Better Policies for a Healthier America” report.

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HIV Infection May Raise Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — HIV infection is independently associated with an increased risk for atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a research letter published in the Sept. 17 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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n-3 PUFAs Do Not Lower Risk for Early Preterm Delivery

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Supplementation with n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids during pregnancy does not result in a lower incidence of early preterm delivery, according to a study published in the Sept. 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Intrauterine Device Use May Reduce Incidence of Ovarian Cancer

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Intrauterine device (IUD) use among reproductive women is associated with a decreased incidence of ovarian cancer, according to a review published online Sept. 10 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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More Time Spent on Social Media May Harm Teen Mental Health

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Increased time spent on social media is associated with an increased risk for internalizing problems among adolescents, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Screening for Opioid-Related Low Testosterone Underused

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More men with long-term opioid use are screened for low testosterone than men taking opioids for a short period of time; however, given the known link between opioid use and low testosterone, these rates were still lower than expected, according to a study published in the September issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Innovations, Quality & Outcomes.

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Allergy Immunotherapy May Decrease Asthma Progression

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Allergy immunotherapy (AIT) is associated with a decreased risk for asthma progression, particularly in younger patients, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Allergy.

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Incidence of T2DM Rising in Fewer Populations Since 2006

THURSDAY, Sept. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Since 2006, the incidence of type 2 diabetes has continued to rise in a minority of populations, with decreasing incidence in more than one-third of populations, according to a review published online Sept. 11 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

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EPA to Phase Out Chemical Testing on Mammals

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The eventual elimination of chemical testing on mammals was announced Tuesday by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

The New York Times Article

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Risk for Long-Term Opioid Use Up in Hidradenitis Suppurativa

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) have an increased risk for long-term opioid use, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Mild Cognitive Impairment Incidence Higher for WTC Responders

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is increased in World Trade Center (WTC) responders, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring.

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President Pushing for Nationwide Ban on Flavored E-Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — As concern grows over hundreds of lung illnesses tied to vaping, the Trump administration on Wednesday said it would move to ban flavored versions of electronic cigarettes.

The New York Times Article

Psychiatric Disorders May Up Risk for Bilateral Oophorectomy

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Certain mental health conditions are associated with an increased risk for unnecessary bilateral oophorectomy for nonmalignant indications, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in Menopause.

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Supine, Non-Left-Sided Sleep Not Linked to Pregnancy Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Supine or non-left-sided sleep through 30 weeks of gestation is not associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Spending Up With Treatment in Hospital-Owned Practices

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Financial integration between physicians and hospitals raises patient spending but does not impact care quality, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Insulin Pump Therapy Use Has Increased Since 1995

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Insulin pump usage has increased since 1995, especially among patients aged younger than 15 years, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in Diabetes Care.

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Users of Flavored E-Cigarettes Report Greater Satisfaction

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of flavored electronic cigarettes is associated with greater satisfaction and self-perceived addiction than use of nonflavored e-cigarettes, according to a study scheduled to be published in the December print issue of Addictive Behaviors.

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New Strain of S. pyogenes Causing Scarlet Fever in U.K.

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A new strain of Streptococcus pyogenes is causing scarlet fever, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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AMA: Do Not Use Electronic Cigarettes

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Americans should not use electronic cigarettes while health officials investigate cases of severe lung illness that may be linked to the devices, according to a statement issued by Patrice A. Harris, M.D., president of the American Medical Association.

AMA Statement

NBC News Article

California Passes Laws to Reduce Fake Medical Exemptions for Vaccines

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Bills to reduce fake medical exemptions for school children’s vaccinations were signed into law Monday by California Governor Gavin Newsom.

AP News Article

Poverty Rate Drops, but Fewer Americans Have Health Insurance

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The percentage of Americans living in poverty declined in 2018, but the rate of those without health insurance increased, according to a U.S. Census Bureau report.

The New York Times Article

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Herd Protection Against Oral HPV Infections Seen Among Men

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In unvaccinated men aged 18 to 59 years, the prevalence of vaccine-type oral human papillomavirus (HPV) decreased between 2009 to 2010 and 2015 to 2016, according to a research letter published in the Sept. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Cognitive Screening in Older Adults

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the evidence is currently inadequate for weighing the benefits and harms of screening for cognitive impairment among older adults. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Sept. 10 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review

Draft Recommendation Statement

Comment on Recommendation

1,125,000 Men/Boys Expected to Have Hemophilia Worldwide

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The expected number of patients with hemophilia worldwide is 1,125,000 male patients, with 418,000 severe cases, according to research published online Sept. 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Occasional Napping Linked to Lower Risk for Cardiovascular Events

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Napping once or twice per week is associated with a lower risk for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in Heart.

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Gun Owners, Nonowners Support Strengthening U.S. Gun Laws

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most gun owners and individuals who do not own guns support measures to strengthen U.S. gun laws, according to a report published online Sept. 9 in Health Affairs.

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Greater Height Linked to Lower Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Greater height is associated with a lower risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in Diabetologia.

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Quality-Improvement Tool Improves Iron Outcomes in Pregnancy

TUESDAY, Sept. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A standardized iron deficiency (ID) toolkit increases detection and management of anemia during pregnancy, according to a study published Aug. 20 in PLOS Medicine.

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Two More Cases of EEE Virus Confirmed in Massachusetts

MONDAY, Sept. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Two new human cases of mosquito-borne Eastern equine encephalitis were confirmed on Friday by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.

CNN Article

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FDA Warns Juul About Illegal Marketing Claims, Pitch to Youth

MONDAY, Sept. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A warning letter has been sent to Juul Labs Inc. about illegal claims that its electronic cigarettes are safer than tobacco cigarettes, including statements made in a presentation to students, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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Studies Look at E-Cigarette Use Linked to Pulmonary Illness

MONDAY, Sept. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Electronic cigarette use has been associated with severe pulmonary illness, according to three studies published online Sept. 6 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report and the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text – Schier

Abstract/Full Text – Davidson

Abstract/Full Text – Layden

Editorial

1970 to 2010 Saw Large Jump in Hypertension During Pregnancy

MONDAY, Sept. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Overall, 0.63 percent of women experience chronic hypertension during pregnancy, with the rate increasing with maternal age and year of delivery, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in Hypertension.

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Childhood Food Insecurity Tied to Poor Health Outcomes, Developmental Risk

MONDAY, Sept. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Food insecurity is associated with fair or poor health and developmental risk but not with obesity, underweight, or stunting, among children aged <4 years, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Sublingual Immunotherapy Safely Desensitizes Pediatric Peanut Allergies

MONDAY, Sept. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Extended peanut sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) demonstrates clinically significant desensitization in children with peanut allergies, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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T2DM Risk Reduced by 75 Percent With Healthiest Lifestyle

MONDAY, Sept. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Individuals with the healthiest lifestyle have a 75 percent reduced risk for type 2 diabetes, and those with diabetes have a lower risk for mortality, according to a review published online Sept. 4 in Diabetologia.

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Use of Pain Reliever Tramadol May Up Risk for Hypoglycemia

MONDAY, Sept. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of the widely prescribed opioid tramadol is associated with a greater risk for developing hypoglycemia compared with almost every other opioid, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in Scientific Reports.

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Model Estimates Effect of Probiotics on Costs for Flu-Like Illnesses

MONDAY, Sept. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Probiotics could reduce the health care and economic burden of flu-like respiratory tract infections (RTIs), according to a study published online Aug. 28 in Frontiers in Pharmacology.

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World Trade Center Site Exposure Linked to Lasting CVD Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Greater exposure to the World Trade Center (WTC) site is associated with increased long-term cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in JAMA Network Open.

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Mammos May Not Benefit Elderly Women With Chronic Illness

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For older women, the cumulative incidence of death from other causes is many times higher than breast cancer incidence and death, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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U.S. College Students’ Marijuana Use Reaches 35-Year High

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Marijuana use by U.S. college students in 2018 was the highest in 35 years, researchers report.

AP News Article

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1971 to 2017 Saw 32 Drinking Water Hepatitis A Outbreaks

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Thirty-two outbreaks of hepatitis A associated with drinking water were identified during 1971 to 2017, and all occurred before 2010, according to research published in the Sept. 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Incidence of Colorectal Cancer Up in Younger Adults Worldwide

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among younger adults, colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence rates have increased in several countries, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in Gut.

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1999 to 2016 Saw Increase in Suicide Rates Across the U.S.

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Suicide rates increased from 1999 to 2016 in the United States, with the rates increasing most rapidly in rural areas, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in JAMA Network Open.

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County-Level Poverty Strongly Tied to Heart Failure Mortality

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — County-level poverty is strongly associated with heart failure and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, and the correlation is stronger for heart failure mortality, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Study Reveals Mixed Effects on Health for Vegetarian Diet

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Vegetarians and fish eaters have a lower risk for ischemic heart disease compared with meat eaters, and vegetarians have a higher risk for stroke, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

Racial, Ethnic Underrepresentation Found in Med School Matriculants

FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among medical school matriculants, black, Hispanic, and American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) students are underrepresented, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Majority of U.S. Doctors Believe ACA Has Improved Access to Care

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Sixty percent of U.S. physicians believe that the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has improved access to care and insurance after five years of implementation, according to a report published in the September issue of Health Affairs.

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CDC: Racial/Ethnic Disparities Reported in Pregnancy-Related Mortality Ratios

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Black and American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) women have significantly higher pregnancy-related mortality ratios (PRMRs) than whites, according to research published in the Sept. 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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White House Announces Nearly $2 Billion in Grants to Fight Opioid Epidemic

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nearly $2 billion in grants to help fight the U.S. opioid epidemic will be handed out to states and local governments, the White House says.

AP News Article

Health Officials Close in on Culprit in Vaping Lung Injury Cases

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Lab tests have found a chemical derived from vitamin E in samples of vaping products that have sickened people in 25 states.

The Washington Post Article

Position Statement Clarifies Benefits of Testosterone Therapy for Women

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Testosterone can be used for postmenopausal women with hypoactive sexual desire dysfunction (HSDD) but is not recommended for other symptoms or medical conditions, according to a position statement published online Sept. 2 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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New Facebook, Instagram Pop-Ups Counter Vaccine Misinformation

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Educational pop-up windows will now appear on Facebook and Instagram when people search for vaccine-related content.

CNN Article

Menstrual Cycles More Varied Than Previously Thought

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Menstrual cycle length per woman is varied, and tracking physiological parameters such as basal body temperature is key to identifying fertility windows when planning pregnancy, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in npj Digital Medicine.

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Drinking More Coffee Tied to Lower Risk for Gallstone Disease

THURSDAY, Sept. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Individuals who drink more than six cups of coffee per day have a reduced risk for developing symptomatic gallstone disease (GSD), according to a study published online Sept. 5 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Second Possible Death Reported in U.S. From Vaping-Related Lung Illness

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A second death in the United States from severe respiratory illness possibly associated with vaping is being investigated by health officials.

CNN Article

The Washington Post Article

California Bill Targets Doctors Who Sell Fake Vaccine Medical Exemptions

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A bill that targets doctors who sell fraudulent medical exemptions for vaccinations was passed Tuesday by California’s state Assembly.

AP News Article

Low-Fat Dietary Pattern Offers Long-Term Health Benefits

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A low-fat dietary pattern provides lasting health benefits, according to a study published in the September issue of The Journal of Nutrition.

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Autism Rates Up, Particularly Among Minority Children

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased significantly during the past 10 to 20 years and will continue to increase among all race and ethnicity groups in the coming years, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

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Drinking Soft Drinks Tied to Higher Risk for Early Death

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Greater consumption of soft drinks, both sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened, is associated with a higher risk for all-cause mortality, according to a European study published online Sept. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Proximity to Outbreak May Affect Attitudes in Vaccine Doubters

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Individuals with low trust in government health institutions who live close to recent measles outbreaks are likely to have more positive attitudes toward vaccination than those living farther away, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in PLOS ONE.

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Cesarean Section Quality Initiative Cuts Opioid Use

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program, a quality improvement initiative that made changes to preoperative and postoperative processes, leads to reductions in opioid use without increased pain and with faster recovery, according to a study published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Decreased Humoral Immunity to Mumps Seen in Young Adults

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The frequency of circulating memory B cells (MBCs) specific for mumps is much lower than that of those specific for measles and rubella among healthy college-aged students who were vaccinated in childhood, according to a study published online Sept. 2 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Higher Risk for Noncommunicable Diseases Seen in Cerebral Palsy

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adults with cerebral palsy (CP) have an increased risk for noncommunicable disease, particularly cardiovascular and respiratory disease, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in Neurology.

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Officials Say New York City Measles Outbreak Over

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The New York City measles outbreak is over and the public health emergency that was declared on April 9 for parts of Brooklyn has ended, New York Mayor Bill de Blasio said Tuesday.

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USPSTF Advises Meds to Reduce Risk for Primary Breast Cancer

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians offer risk-reducing medications to women at increased risk for breast cancer and at low risk for adverse medication effects. These recommendations form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Sept. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Final Recommendation Statement

Evidence Report

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Editorial 2 (subscription or payment may be required)

Pediatric Flu Vaccine Guidelines Updated for 2019-20 Season

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a policy statement published online Sept. 2 in Pediatrics, updated recommendations are presented regarding influenza vaccines for children, with no preference for any one product or formulation over another.

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Adolescent Oral Contraceptive Use Tied to Later Depression Risk

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is a long-term association between adolescent oral contraceptive (OC) use and depression risk in adulthood, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

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Marriage Associated With Lower Dementia Risk

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — People who remain married in older age may have a lower dementia risk, according to a study recently published in The Journals of Gerontology: Series B.

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Microplastics Detected in Human Stool Samples

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Microplastics have been detected in stool samples of healthy volunteers, according to research published online Sept. 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Ultrasonography Helps Differentiate Arthritis Types

TUESDAY, Sept. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Ultrasound is effective for differentiating between the major types of arthritis when combined with a physical exam and patient history, according to a review recently published in The Open Medical Imaging Journal.

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