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Self-Management Strategies Offer Limited Benefit in Epilepsy

Education-based approaches improve self-management behavior; psychosocial therapy approaches up QoL

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Limited evidence suggests that self-management strategies modestly improve some outcomes among persons with epilepsy, according to a review published online July 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Matthew W. Luedke, M.D., from the Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina, and colleagues examined the components and efficacy of self-management interventions in the treatment of epilepsy in community-dwelling individuals. Data were reviewed from 13 randomized and two nonrandomized studies involving 2,514 patients.

The researchers found that interventions were mainly delivered in group settings and employed a median of four components following two general strategies: one based on education and one on psychosocial therapy. Self-management behaviors were improved with education-based approaches (standardized mean difference, 0.52), while quality of life was improved with psychosocial therapy-based approaches (mean difference, 6.64). Self-management interventions did not reduce seizure rates, while a composite of seizures, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations was reduced with one educational intervention.

“These self-management approaches showed clinically important benefit for only a few outcomes, but the confidence in these findings was mostly low,” the authors write. “Further, the effect of educational interventions on quality of life and self-efficacy varied inexplicably.”

Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry.

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