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October 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for October 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Cognitive Ability in Childhood Linked to Cognitive Scores at 70

THURSDAY, Oct. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Childhood cognitive ability is associated with cognitive scores, including the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite (PACC), more than 60 years later, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in Neurology.

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Quarter of Fetal Abnormalities ID’d in Late Third-Trimester US

THURSDAY, Oct. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A high proportion of fetal abnormalities are detected for the first time during a routine ultrasound examination at 35 to 37 weeks of gestation, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Common Sites of Bone Erosion in Rheumatoid Arthritis ID’d on US

THURSDAY, Oct. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Joint recesses with bone erosion are more likely to exhibit greater severity of joint inflammation on ultrasound (US) examination, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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CDC: U.S. Life Expectancy Up Slightly, Mortality Lower in 2017

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Life expectancy has increased slightly in the United States, and mortality is lower than in 2007, according to a report published Oct. 30 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Health, United States, 2018

Facebook Launches Preventive Health Tool

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A new tool designed to help guide preventive care for heart disease, cancer, and seasonal flu was launched in the United States Monday by Facebook.

CNN Article

Childhood Cancer Treatment Increases Risk for Breast Cancer Later

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The combination of anthracyclines and radiotherapy doses to treat childhood cancer is associated with an increased risk for subsequent breast cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CV Risk Score Tied to Subclinical Cerebrovascular Disease on MRI

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Simple cardiovascular risk scores are associated with the presence of imaging-detected subclinical cerebrovascular disease, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in the European Heart Journal: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Outcomes Poor With Medical Care From Fraud, Abuse Perpetrators

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Receiving medical care from fraud and abuse perpetrators (FAPs), subsequently excluded from Medicare, is associated with higher rates of all-cause mortality and emergency hospitalization, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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AI Model Based on US Classifies Thyroid Nodules by Genetic Risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A model developed through automated machine learning uses ultrasonographic images to classify indeterminate thyroid nodules as having low or high genetic risk, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Regional Brain Atrophy ID’d in Patients With History of TBI

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Individuals with a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) have regional brain atrophy, especially in the ventral diencephalon, putamen, and pallidum, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease.

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Poor Health Literacy Tied to More Hardships Among Cancer Survivors

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Health insurance literacy may be an important intervention for addressing financial problems associated with cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in JNCI Cancer Spectrum.

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More Choices, Lower Premiums for ACA Consumers Next Year

TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There will be more health insurance choices and a slight decrease in premiums for many consumers next year under the Affordable Care Act, according to the Trump administration.

AP News Article

Deep Learning Algorithm Uses CT to ID Intracranial Hemorrhages

TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A deep learning algorithm has accuracy comparable to that of radiologists for the diagnosis of acute intracranial hemorrhage on head computed tomography (CT), according to a study published online Oct. 21 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Life-Gained Selection Maximizes Lung Cancer Screening Benefits

MONDAY, Oct. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Selection of ever-smokers for lung cancer screening based on gains in life expectancy can increase total life expectancy from screening but prevents fewer lung cancer deaths, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Recommendations Updated for Nonvariceal Upper GI Bleeding

MONDAY, Oct. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In clinical guidelines published online Oct. 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, updated recommendations are presented for the management of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

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Patient Cost Responsibility Up for Guideline-Discordant Care

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), receipt of National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guideline-discordant care is associated with higher patient cost responsibility, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Risk, Severity of CTE Increase With Years of Football Played

THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The risk and severity of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) increase with the number of years playing American football, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Brain Recovery After Concussion Lags Symptom Resolution

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Complete concussion recovery may be more complex and take longer than previously thought, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in Neurology.

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Patient Portal Use Has Positive Impact on Preventive Health Behaviors

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patient portal use has a positive impact on preventive health behaviors, but not on chronic health outcomes, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Medicare Fraud-Prevention Rules to Be Revised

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Revision of decades-old Medicare rules meant to prevent fraud has been proposed by the Trump administration.

AP News Article

2000 to 2015 Saw Increase in Medicare GME Payments

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medicare graduate medical education (GME) payments increased significantly from 2000 to 2015, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Cost of Waste in U.S. Health System Estimated

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The estimated cost of waste in the U.S. health care system varies from $760 to $935 billion, according to a special communication published online Oct. 7 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Burnout Linked to Poor Quality Care in Published Literature

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In the published literature, burnout in health care professionals is frequently associated with poor-quality care, but the effect size may be smaller than reported, according to data from a systematic review published online Oct. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Factors Predict Low BMD in Pediatric Blood Cancer Survivors

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Low bone mineral density (BMD) is common in childhood leukemia and lymphoma survivors, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in Cancer.

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Early Adult Income Volatility Tied to Later Brain Health

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Income volatility during a 20-year period beginning in young adulthood is associated with worse cognitive function and brain integrity in midlife, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in Neurology.

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