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October 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for October 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

CDC: U.S. Life Expectancy Up Slightly, Mortality Lower in 2017

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Life expectancy has increased slightly in the United States, and mortality is lower than in 2007, according to a report published Oct. 30 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Health, United States, 2018

In T2DM Patients, Anemia Tied to Diabetic Retinopathy

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, anemia is associated with the development of diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published in the October issue of Medicine.

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Facebook Launches Preventive Health Tool

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A new tool designed to help guide preventive care for heart disease, cancer, and seasonal flu was launched in the United States Monday by Facebook.

CNN Article

Outcomes Poor With Medical Care From Fraud, Abuse Perpetrators

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Receiving medical care from fraud and abuse perpetrators (FAPs), subsequently excluded from Medicare, is associated with higher rates of all-cause mortality and emergency hospitalization, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Vergence/Accommodative Tx Improves Visual Function

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For children with convergence insufficiency, treatment with office-based vergence/accommodative therapy improves near point of convergence but does not improve reading performance, according to two studies published online Oct. 23 in Optometry and Vision Science.

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Poor Health Literacy Tied to More Hardships Among Cancer Survivors

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Health insurance literacy may be an important intervention for addressing financial problems associated with cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in JNCI Cancer Spectrum.

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More Choices, Lower Premiums for ACA Consumers Next Year

TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There will be more health insurance choices and a slight decrease in premiums for many consumers next year under the Affordable Care Act, according to the Trump administration.

AP News Article

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Linked to Choroidal Thinning in Children

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Exposure to secondhand smoking is associated with choroidal thinning among children aged 6 to 8 years, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Study Looks at Pediatric Firearm-Related Eye Injuries in the U.S.

THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A quarter of all U.S. ocular firearm injuries occur within the pediatric population, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Retinal Nerve Fiber Loss Linked to Disability in Multiple Sclerosis

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Reduction in peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness is significantly associated with physical and cognitive disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published in the November issue of Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders.

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Patient Portal Use Has Positive Impact on Preventive Health Behaviors

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patient portal use has a positive impact on preventive health behaviors, but not on chronic health outcomes, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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At Least 2.2 Billion People Have Vision Impairment Worldwide

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — At least 2.2 billion people worldwide have vision impairment or blindness, according to a report published by the World Health Organization (WHO).

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Medicare Fraud-Prevention Rules to Be Revised

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Revision of decades-old Medicare rules meant to prevent fraud has been proposed by the Trump administration.

AP News Article

2000 to 2015 Saw Increase in Medicare GME Payments

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medicare graduate medical education (GME) payments increased significantly from 2000 to 2015, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Burnout Linked to Poor Quality Care in Published Literature

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In the published literature, burnout in health care professionals is frequently associated with poor-quality care, but the effect size may be smaller than reported, according to data from a systematic review published online Oct. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Cost of Waste in U.S. Health System Estimated

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The estimated cost of waste in the U.S. health care system varies from $760 to $935 billion, according to a special communication published online Oct. 7 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Hydroxychloroquine Blood Levels Predict Retinopathy Risk in Lupus

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) blood levels are useful in predicting retinopathy among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to a study published online Sept. 18 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Aggressive Lowering of HbA1c in T1DM Does Not Reduce Eye, Kidney Disease

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) target value of <6.5 percent does not offer additional protection against organ complications for patients with type 1 diabetes compared with a target of 6.5 to 6.9 percent, according to a study recently published in The BMJ.

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