Home News General Health News October 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

October 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for October 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Juul Shipped Tainted Products, Lawsuit Alleges

THURSDAY, Oct. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nearly 1 million tainted nicotine pods were knowingly distributed by electronic cigarette maker Juul Labs, a former company finance executive claims in a lawsuit.

AP News Article

Close to 1,900 Cases of Vaping-Linked Lung Illness Reported, CDC Says

THURSDAY, Oct. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of Americans stricken with a severe, sometimes fatal lung illness tied to vaping has now reached 1,888, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday. That is a rise from the 1,604 case total from a week ago.

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Small Drop in Calories Purchased With Labeling in Restaurants

THURSDAY, Oct. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Implementation of calorie labeling in a large franchise of fast food restaurants was associated with a small decrease in mean calories per transaction, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Quarter of Fetal Abnormalities ID’d in Late Third-Trimester US

THURSDAY, Oct. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A high proportion of fetal abnormalities are detected for the first time during a routine ultrasound examination at 35 to 37 weeks of gestation, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract/Full Text

Groups Urge Ban of Mint, Menthol E-Cigarette Flavors

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The Trump administration must include mint and menthol in any plan to halt sales of flavored electronic cigarette products, more than 50 health and advocacy groups said Tuesday. The groups were responding to media reports that the administration may exempt mint and menthol, CNN reported.

CNN Article

J&J Says No Asbestos Detected in New Tests of Baby Powder

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — No asbestos was detected in 15 new tests of the same bottle of Johnson & Johnson’s Baby Powder previously found to contain asbestos by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the company said Tuesday.

CBS News Article

J&J Press Release

White House Launches Website to Help Those Battling Substance Abuse

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A new website to help Americans with substance abuse problems find treatment was activated Wednesday by the Trump administration.

FindTreatment.gov

AP News Article

Fetal Exposure to Acetaminophen May Increase Risk for ADHD, ASD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cord biomarkers of fetal exposure to acetaminophen are associated with an increased risk for childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published online Oct. 30 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Survey Reveals Many Americans Lack Cancer Prevention Knowledge

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Only one in four U.S. adults report incorporating cancer prevention into their daily lives, according to the results of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 2019 National Cancer Opinion Survey.

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Hypoglycemia Increases Risk for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hypoglycemic episodes may increase the risk for ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) among patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews.

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Many Patients Take OTC Meds That May Interact With Apixaban

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many patients take over-the-counter (OTC) products with potentially serious interactions with the direct-acting oral anticoagulant apixaban, according to research published online Oct. 28 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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2011 to 2017 Saw Increase in Heart Disease Deaths in the U.S.

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2011 to 2017, the age-adjusted mortality rate decreased for heart disease, but the number of heart disease deaths increased, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Maltreatment in Childhood Ups Risk for Physical Pain in Young Women

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Young adult women who experienced child maltreatment are at higher risk for pain, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in PAIN.

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High Fiber, Yogurt Intake Linked to Reduced Risk for Lung Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Dietary fiber and yogurt consumption are associated with a reduced risk for lung cancer, according to a pooled analysis published online Oct. 24 in JAMA Oncology.

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CDC: U.S. Life Expectancy Up Slightly, Mortality Lower in 2017

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Life expectancy has increased slightly in the United States, and mortality is lower than in 2007, according to a report published Oct. 30 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Health, United States, 2018

Factors Tied to Pregnancy Rates in Women on Dialysis Explored

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Due to impaired fertility, pregnancy is not common in women on dialysis, but the pregnancy rate is higher than previously thought, and several factors are associated with the likelihood of pregnancy, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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AI Model Helps ID Those at Risk for Familial Hypercholesterolemia

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The FIND FH model can successfully identify individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) from a scan of large, diverse health care encounter databases, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in The Lancet Digital Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Syringe Exchange Program Has Positive Impact on HIV Diagnoses

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A syringe exchange program (SEP) has averted thousands of injection drug use (IDU)-associated HIV diagnoses over 10 years in Philadelphia and Baltimore, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

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Cancer Screening Rates Lower Among Women With Diabetes

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Women with diabetes have lower rates of breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening compared with women without diabetes, according to a review published online Oct. 24 in Diabetologia.

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CDC: Most Patients With Vaping-Related Lung Injury Report THC Use

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most patients with electronic cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) reported use of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-containing products in the three months preceding symptom onset, according to research published in the Oct. 28 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Facebook Launches Preventive Health Tool

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A new tool designed to help guide preventive care for heart disease, cancer, and seasonal flu was launched in the United States Monday by Facebook.

CNN Article

Medicaid Expansion Has Positive Effect on Diabetes Management

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medicaid expansion has significant positive effects on self-reported diabetes management, with substantial improvements seen in states with large diabetes populations, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in Diabetes Care.

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Antidepressant Effect Seen for Anti-Inflammatories in MDD

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Anti-inflammatory agents seem to have an antidepressant effect for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), according to a review published online Oct. 28 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text

Childhood Cancer Treatment Increases Risk for Breast Cancer Later

TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The combination of anthracyclines and radiotherapy doses to treat childhood cancer is associated with an increased risk for subsequent breast cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Prevalence of Pain Higher in Children With Autism

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have an elevated prevalence of pain compared with children without ASD, according to a research letter published online Oct. 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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One Lot of Generic Form of Xanax Recalled Due to Potential Contaminate

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — One lot of alprazolam (generic form of Xanax) is being recalled by Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. due to potential contamination that poses a risk for infection.

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Outcomes Poor With Medical Care From Fraud, Abuse Perpetrators

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Receiving medical care from fraud and abuse perpetrators (FAPs), subsequently excluded from Medicare, is associated with higher rates of all-cause mortality and emergency hospitalization, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Psychotherapy for Depression May Be Cost-Effective Over Time

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with major depressive disorder, neither second-generation antidepressants (SGAs) nor cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) offers consistently superior cost-effectiveness, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Cardiologist Most Represented Specialist in Diabetes Care

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cardiologists are the highest represented specialists among patients with diabetes, according to a research letter published online Oct. 23 in JAMA Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Doctors Mostly Dissatisfied With Electronic Health Record Systems

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The majority of physicians are dissatisfied with their current electronic health record (EHR) systems, according to survey results released Oct. 16 by Medical Economics.

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Electronic Device Use Tied to Sugar, Caffeine Intake in Teens

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Greater electronic device use, particularly television, is linked to more consumption of added sugar and caffeine among adolescents, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in PLOS ONE.

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Physical Activity May Lower Postmenopausal Fracture Risk

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For postmenopausal women, physical activity is associated with reduced risks for total fracture and hip fracture, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

SunSmart Program Ups Sun Protection Behaviors

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A skin cancer prevention program — “SunSmart” — can create lasting changes in sun protection behavior and contribute to the decline in melanoma rates, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

HPV DNA Identified in Oral Cavity of 6.2 Percent of Teen Girls

FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA is detected in the oral cavities of about 6.2 percent of sexually active female adolescents, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Antibiotics Not Recommended for Most Toothaches

FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Antibiotics are not recommended for urgent management of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis with or without symptomatic apical periodontitis, pulp necrosis, and symptomatic apical periodontitis or for pulp necrosis and localized acute apical abscess in immunocompetent adults, according to an evidence-based clinical practice guideline published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Dental Association.

Abstract/Full Text

No Link Found Between Teen Contact Sports, Later Mental Health Issues

FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adolescents who play contact sports, including football, are not at increased risk for subsequent cognitive impairment, depression, or suicidal thoughts in early adulthood, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in the Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

One-Third of CVD in Blacks Attributable to Hypertension

FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A substantial proportion of cases of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among black individuals are associated with hypertension, according to a study published online Oct. 23 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Bans on Flavored Products Can Cut Any Tobacco Use in Teens

FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Teen use of both flavored and nonflavored tobacco decreases with enforced flavored tobacco restriction policies, according to a study published online Oct. 24 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Early-Stage Alzheimer Disease Has Adverse Financial Consequences

FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Early-stage Alzheimer disease seems to put households at risk for large adverse changes in liquid assets and may reduce net wealth, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in Health Economics.

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CDC: Drugs Involved in Overdose Deaths Varied Regionally in 2017

FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The drugs most frequently involved in drug overdose deaths in 2017 varied regionally in the United States, according to a study published online Oct. 25 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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FDA: N.J. Company Must Stop Selling Unapproved Flavored Vaping Products

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Eonsmoke LLC has been ordered to halt illegal sales of 100 unapproved flavored vaping products in the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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Disneyland Visitors May Have Been Exposed to Measles

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — People who were at Disneyland in Anaheim, California, and a Starbucks in Los Angeles on Oct. 16 may have been exposed to measles, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health says.

NBC News Article

CDC: Cases of Vaping-Linked Lung Illness Now Top 1,600

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than 1,600 Americans have now been struck by a severe, sometimes fatal, lung illness tied to vaping, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday.

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Fewer Women Than Men Receive Kidney Replacement Therapy

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Fewer women than men receive kidney replacement therapy (KRT), according to a large European study published online Oct. 24 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Google Searches for CBD Up Substantially

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Interest in cannabidiol (CBD) across the United States has increased considerably and is accelerating, according to a research letter published online Oct. 23 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Frequent Alcohol Drinking May Up Risk for New-Onset A-Fib

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Frequent alcohol drinking is associated with an increased risk for new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF), while the amount of alcohol consumed per drinking session is not, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in EP Europace.

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Risk for Life-Threatening Infections Greater With Stress-Related Disorders

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Stress-related disorders are associated with an increased risk for life-threatening infections, according to a study published online Oct. 23 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Knee, Hip Arthritis Increase Risk for Social Isolation in Elderly

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Osteoarthritis of the hip and/or knee increases the risk for social isolation in older, community-dwelling individuals, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract/Full Text

One in Eight U.S. Pharmacies Closed in 2009 Through 2015

THURSDAY, Oct. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Despite an increase in the overall number of U.S. pharmacies, one in eight pharmacies closed between 2009 and 2015, according to a research letter published online Oct. 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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FDA: Smokeless Tobacco Snus Can Be Marketed as Less Risky Than Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — U.S. health groups are slamming the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s decision to permit the General brand of the smokeless tobacco product snus to claim that it poses a “lower risk of mouth cancer, heart disease, lung cancer, stroke, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis” than cigarettes.

CNN Article

More Information: FDA

CVD Risk Declines When BP Meds Taken at Bedtime

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Ingestion of prescribed blood pressure-lowering medications at bedtime is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the European Heart Journal.

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First Use of Flavored Tobacco Linked to Subsequent Use

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — First use of a flavored tobacco product is associated with increased risk for subsequent tobacco use, according to a study published online Oct. 23 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Patients With Diabetes Still Require More Hospitalizations for Infections

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Rates of hospitalizations for common infections requiring hospitalization remain substantially higher in adults with diabetes compared with adults without diabetes, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Diabetes Care.

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Effect of Fluoxetine on Repetitive Behaviors in ASD Youth Unclear

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Treatment with fluoxetine appears to result in significantly lower scores for obsessive compulsive behaviors at 16 weeks among children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but interpretation of the data is limited, according to a study published in the Oct. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Limited English Proficiency May Worsen Chronic Disease Outcome

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In predominantly English-speaking settings, patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) and chronic conditions have higher rates of emergency department revisits and hospital readmissions than patients with English proficiency (EP), according to a research letter published in the Oct. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Pregnancy Complications Tied to Higher Risk for Later Hypertension

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Several first-time pregnancy complications are associated with development of hypertension (HTN) two to seven years later, according to a study published in the Oct. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Early Access to Chiropractors, PTs Tied to Decreased Long-Term Opioid Use

TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients who initially see a physical therapist or chiropractor for low back pain rather than a primary care physician are much less likely to be prescribed opioids, according to a study recently published in BMJ Open.

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Most Preemies Survive Into Adulthood Without Major Comorbidities

TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most persons born preterm in Sweden between 1973 and 1997 survived until early to mid-adulthood without major comorbidities, according to a study published in the Oct. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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More Choices, Lower Premiums for ACA Consumers Next Year

TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There will be more health insurance choices and a slight decrease in premiums for many consumers next year under the Affordable Care Act, according to the Trump administration.

AP News Article

Review Links Periodontitis to Increased Odds for Hypertension

TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Periodontitis (PD) is a possible risk factor for hypertension, according to a review published online Sept. 24 in Cardiovascular Research.

Abstract/Full Text

Personal Colorectal Cancer Risk Should Drive Screening

TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Using the GRADE system to review new evidence, a panel issued weak recommendations for colorectal cancer screening options based on estimated 15-year individual risk, according to a clinical practice guideline published online Oct. 2 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Long-Term Lung Function Declines Even for Prior Low-Intensity Smokers

TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Compared with never-smokers, former smokers and low-intensity current smokers have accelerated lung function decline, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Zantac Recalled by Sanofi

MONDAY, Oct. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The over-the-counter heartburn drug Zantac (ranitidine) has been recalled in the United States and Canada by French drug maker Sanofi.

The New York Times Article

Antiviral Antibodies ID’d in CSF of Acute Flaccid Myelitis Cases

MONDAY, Oct. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Enterovirus (EV)-specific antibodies have been identified in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of pediatric cases of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) versus controls, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in Nature Medicine.

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Long Sleep Duration Linked to Cognitive Decline in Hispanics

MONDAY, Oct. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Long sleep duration predicts seven-year cognitive decline among U.S. Hispanic/Latino patients, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in Alzheimer’s & Dementia.

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Safe Infant Sleep Practices Suboptimal Across the U.S.

MONDAY, Oct. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Safe infant sleep practices are suboptimal in the United States, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Lower Birth Weight May Protect Against Allergies

MONDAY, Oct. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Intrauterine growth restriction protects against allergic diseases, according to a review published online Oct. 12 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Exercise Intolerance May Harm Neurocognition in ALL Survivors

MONDAY, Oct. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), exercise intolerance is associated with worse neurocognitive outcomes, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in Cancer.

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Lean-Fat Individuals Have Worst Outcome in Heart Failure

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For Asian patients with heart failure, those who are lean-fat with a high waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and low body mass index (BMI) have the worst outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Johnson & Johnson Recalls Baby Powder Due to Presence of Asbestos

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A shipment of baby powder has been recalled by Johnson & Johnson after U.S. authorities found asbestos in it.

The New York Times Article

Occupational Use of Disinfectants May Up Risk for Developing COPD

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Regular use of chemical disinfectants among nurses may be a risk factor for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published online Oct. 18 in JAMA Network Open.

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Most Physicians Treating STIs Do Not Have Meds on Hand

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most office-based physicians who provide sexually transmitted infections (STIs) services report not having on-site access to the recommended injectable medications for same-day treatment of gonorrhea and syphilis, according to a research letter published in the November issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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NATA: Single-Sport Focus Not Good for Children

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Parents should try to keep their children from focusing on a single sport for as long as possible to reduce their risk for injuries and other problems, the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) says.

The New York Times Article

More Information: NATA

CDC: Coverage 94.7 Percent for Two Doses of MMR in 2018 to 2019

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For the 2018 to 2019 school year, coverage was 94.7 percent for two doses of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine, according to research published in the Oct. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Obesity in Early Adulthood Tied to Higher Risk for Early Mortality

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Weight gain in young adulthood and stable obesity across adulthood are associated with increased risks for early death, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Linked to Choroidal Thinning in Children

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Exposure to secondhand smoking is associated with choroidal thinning among children aged 6 to 8 years, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Use of E-Cigarettes in U.K. Tied to Quit Rates Among Smokers

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Electronic cigarette use in England is positively associated with overall cigarette quit rates and quit success rates, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Addiction.

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Extended Estrogen Therapy Aids Late-Life Cognition

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Longer use of estrogen hormone therapy is associated with higher cognitive status in late life, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in Menopause.

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Suicide Risk Up With ARB Exposure Versus ACEI Exposure

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among individuals aged 66 years and older, the use of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) is associated with an increased risk for suicide compared with the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), according to a study published online Oct. 16 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Patient Cost Responsibility Up for Guideline-Discordant Care

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), receipt of National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guideline-discordant care is associated with higher patient cost responsibility, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Physical Therapy, Lifestyle Advice Underused in Knee OA

FRIDAY, Oct. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), physical therapy (PT) and lifestyle counseling seem to be underutilized, while medication use has increased, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Artificial Pancreas Helps T1DM Patients Meet Glycemic Targets

THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with type 1 diabetes using an artificial pancreas or closed-loop system spend a greater percentage of time in a target glycemic range compared with those using a sensor-augmented insulin pump, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Vaccination Coverage Generally High for Those Born in 2015-16

THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For children born in 2015 to 2016, vaccination coverage is generally high, although coverage can be improved with increased access to providers and health insurance, according to research published in the Oct. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Juul Stopping Sales of Fruit, Dessert Flavors of E-Cigarettes

THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Juul, which makes the top-selling brand of electronic cigarettes in the United States, said Thursday it will no longer sell fruit or dessert flavors of its products. The company’s decision comes as it faces widespread criticism that its flavored nicotine products are hooking a generation of teenagers on nicotine and vaping, the Associated Press reported Thursday.

AP News Article

More Information: CDC

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids Statement

Suicide, Homicide Rates Up Among Youth Aged 10 to 24

THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Suicide rates increased from 2007 to 2017 among youth aged 10 to 24 years, according to an October data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Quality Improvement Program Lowers Prolonged Steroid Use With IBD

THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A quality improvement program can lower steroid use among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

Abstract/Full Text

Depression, Anxiety, Stress Impact Adherence to Cardiac Rehab

THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Moderate depression, anxiety, and stress affect adherence to cardiac rehabilitation, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text

Study Looks at Pediatric Firearm-Related Eye Injuries in the U.S.

THURSDAY, Oct. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A quarter of all U.S. ocular firearm injuries occur within the pediatric population, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Opioid Crisis Cost United States $631 Billion Over Four Years

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. opioid epidemic cost the nation’s economy $631 billion from 2015 through 2018, a new study says.

AP News Article

Society of Actuaries

Risk for Cancer Incidence, Mortality Increased With Psoriasis

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with psoriasis have an increased risk for developing or dying from cancer, according to a review published online Oct. 16 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Statins in Childhood Aid Familial Hypercholesteremia Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Initiation of statin therapy during childhood in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia slows the progression of carotid intima-media thickness and reduces the risk for cardiovascular disease over 20 years, according to a study published in the Oct. 17 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Surgery May Be Best Option for Some With Refractory Heartburn

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In patients who truly have proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-refractory heartburn, including those with reflux hypersensitivity, surgery may be the best treatment option, according to a study published in the Oct. 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Sweetened Drinks Represent Majority of Children’s Drink Sales

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — None of the 34 top-selling sweetened children’s drinks meet expert recommendations for healthier drinks for children, according to Children’s Drink FACTS 2019, a new report from the Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity at the University of Connecticut.

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Dopamine Agonists Tied to Higher Risk for Psychiatric Events

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with primary restless leg syndrome who begin dopamine agonist (DA) therapy may be at increased risk for adverse psychiatric events, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

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Boosting Testosterone Ups Women’s Athletic Performance

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Topical supplemental testosterone increases running performance and lean body mass in young, physically active women, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Maternal Lead Exposure Tied to Obesity Risk in Offspring

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Maternal elevated lead exposure is associated with an increased risk for intergenerational overweight or obesity (OWO), independent of postnatal blood lead levels, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in JAMA Network Open.

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High Perceived Stress Tied to Higher Blood Pressure in Blacks

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — African-Americans with higher perceived stress over time may be at increased risk for developing hypertension, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Breast Reduction Surgery Improves Well-Being for Young Patients

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Breast reduction surgery improves physical and psychosocial well-being in young women undergoing surgery for concerns related to excessively large breasts, according to a study published in the September issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Meat Study Authors Have Financial Ties to Beef Industry

TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The authors of a recent study downplaying the health risks of red meat have financial ties with meat producers. The international group of researchers has received funding from a university program partially backed by the beef industry, the Washington Post reported Monday.

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Washington Post Article

Children With Autism Found to Have Higher Risk for Obesity

TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) appear to increase the risk for childhood obesity, according to a review published online Oct. 8 in Obesity Reviews.

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Decrease Seen in Football Practice-Related Concussions

TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Rates of concussion during football practice and recurrent concussion rates across all high school sports decreased from the 2013-2014 to 2017-2018 school years, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Pediatrics.

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2009-2015 Saw Breastfeeding Up for Most Races/Ethnicities

TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2009 to 2015, there was improvement in breastfeeding rates in most race/ethnicity groups, although disparities between black and white infants widened, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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CDC Releases Clinical Guidance on E-Cigarette Lung Injury

TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In an early-release Oct. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, the CDC presents interim guidance to help clinicians assess, evaluate, manage, and follow patients with electronic cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI).

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Black Patients With Diabetes Have Higher 30-Day Readmission Rates

TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Black patients with diabetes have a significantly higher risk for 30-day readmission compared with other racial/ethnic groups, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in JAMA Network Open.

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Increase in Suicide Attempts Seen for Black Adolescents

TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 1991 to 2017, black high school students experienced an increase in suicide attempts, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in Pediatrics.

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Bipolar Disorder May Increase Risk for Developing Parkinson Disease

TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with bipolar disorder (BD) seem to have an increased risk for developing Parkinson disease (PD), according to a review published online Oct. 14 in JAMA Neurology.

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Rates of Head, Neck Melanoma Up in North American Youth

TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 1995 to 2014, there was a 51.1 percent increase in the incidence of pediatric, adolescent, and young adult head and neck melanoma in North America, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Patients With T2DM Who Have Flu More Likely to Be Hospitalized

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The risk for hospitalization with pandemic influenza is higher for patients with type 2 diabetes than for those without type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Oct. 6 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Global Prevalence of Pediatric Hypertension About 4 Percent

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The estimated pooled prevalence of hypertension in children is 4 percent, according to a review published online Oct. 7 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Nearly 5 Million Youth Are Obese in the United States

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nationwide, 4.8 million young people ages 10 to 17 years have obesity, according to the State of Childhood Obesity: Helping All Children Grow Up Healthy report published Oct. 10 by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

State of Childhood Obesity: Helping All Children Grow Up Healthy

Caution Urged When Taking Patients Off Opioid Painkillers

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Doctors should be more cautious when taking chronic pain patients off opioid painkillers, according to a new U.S. Department of Health and Human Services guidance released Thursday.

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Patient Portal Use Has Positive Impact on Preventive Health Behaviors

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patient portal use has a positive impact on preventive health behaviors, but not on chronic health outcomes, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Recommendations Developed for Preventing Secondary Fractures

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Clinical recommendations for the prevention of secondary fractures among older adults with hip or vertebral fracture have been issued by a multi-stakeholder coalition assembled by the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research and published online Sept. 20 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Ibrutinib Therapy Linked to New, Worsened Hypertension

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Ibrutinib is associated with an increased risk for new or worsened hypertension in patients treated for B-cell malignancies, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in Blood.

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Poor Glycemic Control May Up Risk for Stroke, Death in T2DM

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Poor glycemic control is associated with increased risks for stroke and death among patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Changes in Household Income Tied to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A drop in household income over six years is associated with a higher risk for subsequent incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) during the next 17 years, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Too Much, Too Little Weight Gain May Harm Twin Pregnancies

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Very low or very high weight gains during twin pregnancies are associated with adverse birth outcomes, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Lumacaftor-Ivacaftor Aids Cystic Fibrosis in Real-World Setting

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — After one year of therapy with lumacaftor-ivacaftor in a real-world setting, adolescents and adults with cystic fibrosis and Phe508del homozygous mutation experienced an improvement in lung function, increase in body mass index, and reduced need for IV antibiotics, according to a study published online Oct. 11 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Barriers to Timely Access to Pediatric Hearing Aids Identified

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Public insurance, race/ethnicity, and primary language may be barriers to accessing pediatric hearing aids, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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SGLT2 Inhibitors Protect Against Kidney Disease in T2DM

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The class of diabetes drugs known as sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors protect against kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a review published online Sept. 5 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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Predictors of Work Disability ID’d in Multiple Sclerosis Patients

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Physical disability, depressive symptoms, and reduced information processing affect work-related disability and vocational status among patients with multiple sclerosis, according to a study published in the November issue of Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders.

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Close to 1,300 Cases of Vaping-Linked Illness Now Identified

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of Americans sickened with a severe lung injury tied to vaping just keeps rising, U.S. health officials said Thursday.

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CDC: Seasonal Influenza Viruses Circulating in Southern Hemisphere

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Seasonal influenza viruses are circulating widely in the Southern Hemisphere, but influenza activity is currently low in the United States, according to research published in the Oct. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Racial, Ethnic Minorities Want to See Doctor Who Shares Their Culture

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Minority racial and ethnic groups are more likely to perceive the importance of seeing a health care provider who shares or understands their culture, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Statins Tied to Osteoporosis in Dose-Dependent Manner

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is a dose-dependent relationship between diagnosis of osteoporosis and statin treatment, according to a study published online Sept. 26 in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

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Multigene Testing for All Breast Cancer Patients Cost-Effective

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Unselected, multigene testing for all patients with breast cancer would be cost-effective in the United Kingdom and the United States, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in JAMA Oncology.

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Odds of Autism Up in Children With Congenital Heart Disease

THURSDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The odds of developing autism spectrum disorder (AuSD) are increased for children with congenital heart disease (CHD), according to a study published online Oct. 10 in Pediatrics.

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Diet Intervention Can Cut Depression Symptoms in Young Adults

THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A brief diet intervention can reduce symptoms of depression among young adults with elevated depression symptoms, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in PLOS ONE.

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Screening for Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnancy Not Advised

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for bacterial vaginosis in pregnant women who are not at increased risk for preterm delivery; for pregnant women at increased risk for preterm delivery, the balance of benefits and harms cannot be determined. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Oct. 8 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review

Draft Recommendation Statement

Comment on Recommendation Statement

Medicare Fraud-Prevention Rules to Be Revised

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Revision of decades-old Medicare rules meant to prevent fraud has been proposed by the Trump administration.

AP News Article

Maintaining Weight Loss Cuts Cardiovascular Risk in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among individuals with type 2 diabetes, maintaining weight loss is better than weight regain for improving cardiometabolic risk factors, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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American Indians, Alaska Natives Have Higher Cancer Incidence

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) population faces a higher risk for many cancers than white Americans living in the same geographical region, according to a study published in the October issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Foreign-Born Women in U.S. Less Likely to Have Mammograms

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Regardless of the percentage of lifetime spent in the United States, foreign-born women are less likely to ever have received a mammogram compared with U.S.-born women, according to the Oct. 9 National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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2000 to 2015 Saw Increase in Medicare GME Payments

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medicare graduate medical education (GME) payments increased significantly from 2000 to 2015, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Pregnancy-Related Hypertension Increases Later Heart Disease Risk

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, including preeclampsia, increase the risk for 12 cardiovascular disorders and chronic hypertension, according to a study published in the Sept. 24 issue of Circulation.

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Out-of-Office BP Readings More Predictive in Black Adults

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Home-based blood pressure readings are more accurate for non-Hispanic black adults than readings in the physician’s office, according to a study published online Sept. 16 in Hypertension.

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Only Half of Pregnant Women Receive Recommended Vaccines

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many pregnant women do not receive the recommended flu and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines to protect themselves and their infants, according to a Vital Signs report published in the Oct. 8 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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California Pharmacists Can Dispense HIV Prevention Meds Without Rx

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — California is the first state to allow pharmacists to dispense HIV prevention pills to patients without a doctor’s prescription.

AP News Article

Walgreens and Kroger Halt E-Cigarette Sales

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Walgreens and Kroger have followed Walmart and Rite Aid in halting sales of electronic cigarettes.

CBS News Article

American Airlines Passengers May Have Been Exposed to Hepatitis A

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Passengers on several American Airline flights in the United States may have been exposed to hepatitis A by a flight attendant, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

ABC News Article

2017 to 2018 Saw Increases in Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — During 2017 to 2018, there were increases in the rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, according to a report published online Oct. 8 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2018

Dog Ownership May Lower Risk for Death After Major CV Event

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Dog ownership is associated with better outcomes after a major cardiovascular event as well as a reduced risk for all-cause mortality, according to a cohort study and a meta-analysis published online Oct. 8 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Pediatric Firearm Injury Prevention Research Underfunded

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Funding for pediatric firearm injury prevention research is only 3.3 percent of that predicted according to the mortality burden, say the authors of a report published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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Aggressive Lowering of HbA1c in T1DM Does Not Reduce Eye, Kidney Disease

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) target value of <6.5 percent does not offer additional protection against organ complications for patients with type 1 diabetes compared with a target of 6.5 to 6.9 percent, according to a study recently published in The BMJ.

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Hydroxychloroquine Blood Levels Predict Retinopathy Risk in Lupus

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) blood levels are useful in predicting retinopathy among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to a study published online Sept. 18 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Testosterone, Estradiol Levels May Play Role in Sex Differences in Asthma

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Sex hormones seem to play a role in known sex differences in asthma in adults, with the effects modified by obesity, according to a study published online Sept. 16 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Proportion of Seniors Taking Antidepressants Has More Than Doubled

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Across two decades, there was an increase in the proportion of older adults taking antidepressants, although the prevalence of depression did not change significantly, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

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Burnout Linked to Poor Quality Care in Published Literature

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In the published literature, burnout in health care professionals is frequently associated with poor-quality care, but the effect size may be smaller than reported, according to data from a systematic review published online Oct. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Primary Care Appointment Time Impacts Prescribing of Opioids

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Even within an individual physician’s schedule, physician behavior for opioid prescribing varies by the appointment timing, according to a study recently published online in JAMA Network Open.

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Cost of Waste in U.S. Health System Estimated

TUESDAY, Oct. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The estimated cost of waste in the U.S. health care system varies from $760 to $935 billion, according to a special communication published online Oct. 7 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Bill Aims to Limit Nicotine in E-Cigarette Products

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A bill to limit the amount of nicotine in electronic cigarette products was introduced Monday by U.S. Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi in a bid “to make them significantly less addictive and appealing to youth.”

CNN Article

OTC Meds Often Used in Drug-Related Suicide Attempts in Youth

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Over-the-counter medications are commonly used in suicide attempts by self-poisoning among young people, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in Clinical Toxicology.

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Low-FODMAP Diet Relieves Gut Symptoms for More IBD Patients

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More patients with inflammatory bowel disease following a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) report adequate relief of gut symptoms, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in Gastroenterology.

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Financial Incentives Have Short-Term Effect on BP Control

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A patient-centered behavioral economics intervention only yields short-term benefits for blood pressure (BP) control in a highly disadvantaged population, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Data Suggest Viral Etiology for Pediatric Acute Flaccid Myelitis

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Surveillance data for acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) suggests a viral etiology, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in Pediatrics.

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Increasing Intake of Any Sugary Drink Ups Diabetes Risk

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — People who increase their consumption of sweet beverages — either fruit juice or drinks with added sugars — are at greater risk over time for developing diabetes, according to a study published online Oct. 3 in Diabetes Care.

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Teens Using Oral Contraceptives Report More Depressive Symptoms

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Sixteen-year-old girls report more depressive symptoms when using oral contraceptives compared with nonusers, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Guideline for Community-Acquired Pneumonia Updated

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In an updated official clinical practice guideline from the American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America, published in the Oct. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, recommendations are presented for the diagnosis and management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

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Indoor Tanning May Up Risk for Squamous Cell Carcinoma

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is a dose-response association between indoor tanning and risk for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in women, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Back Sleeping in Late Pregnancy Linked to Lower Birth Weight

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Back sleeping in late pregnancy is independently associated with lower birth weight, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in JAMA Network Open.

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Treatment of Male Breast Cancer Has Evolved From 2004 to 2014

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Treatment of male breast cancer (MBC) has evolved since 2004, with increases in various treatment modalities, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in Cancer.

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Older Adults Have Mixed Feelings About Telehealth Visits

MONDAY, Oct. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many older adults are not quite ready to embrace telehealth, according to a new National Poll on Healthy Aging conducted by Ipsos Public Affairs on behalf of the University of Michigan Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation.

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Food Insecurity Linked to Chronic Disease in Young Adults

FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For young adults, food insecurity is associated with chronic disease and with mental health problems, according to two studies published online Oct. 1 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine and the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Hepatitis C Virus Infection Rates Up for Women Giving Birth

FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among women giving birth, the rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection increased more than 400 percent from 2000 to 2015, with rates much higher among those with opioid use disorder, according to research published in the Oct. 4 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Older Adults Need More Help Navigating Health Care System

FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than half of older nonretired adults need help understanding their health insurance benefits, according to a survey conducted by The Harris Poll on behalf of Anthem Inc. and the National Association of Area Agencies on Aging (n4a).

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Survey: Many U.S. Adults Not Planning to Get Flu Vaccine

FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many U.S. adults, including some at the highest risk for the flu and pneumonia, do not plan to get preventive vaccines, according to a survey conducted by NORC at the University of Chicago on behalf of the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases.

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Fairly Modest Weight Loss Tied to Diabetes Remission

FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with newly detected diabetes who achieve at least 10 percent weight loss within the first five years of diagnosis are more likely to have disease remission, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Diabetic Medicine.

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Considerable Proportion of ICU Admissions May Be Preventable

FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A considerable proportion of intensive care unit (ICU) admissions may be preventable, according to a study published online Oct. 4 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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With Comorbidities, Less Than Six Hours of Sleep Ups Risk for Early Death

FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Middle-aged adults with high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or stroke could be at higher risk for cancer and early death when sleeping less than six hours per day, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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eGFR Affects Risk for Opioid-Related Death, Hospitalization

FRIDAY, Oct. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Receipt of prescription opioids is associated with an increased risk for death and hospitalization, especially in patients with lower estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs), according to a study published online Oct. 3 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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United States Will Keep Measles Elimination Status

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Despite recent outbreaks among unvaccinated people, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expects the United States will maintain its measles elimination status.

CNN Article

Cases of Serious Vaping-Linked Lung Injury Now Top 1,000

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of Americans sickened with a severe lung illness tied to vaping continues to climb, U.S. health officials said Thursday.

Press Release: CDC

NEJM Research Letter

2014 to 2018 Saw Drop in Flavored Tobacco Products in Youth

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2014 to 2018, there was a decrease in current use of one or more flavored tobacco products among youth, according to research published in the Oct. 4 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Hyperemesis Gravidarum Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is associated with a higher risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published online Oct. 3 in the American Journal of Perinatology.

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Factors Predict Low BMD in Pediatric Blood Cancer Survivors

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Low bone mineral density (BMD) is common in childhood leukemia and lymphoma survivors, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in Cancer.

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Three-Drug Single Inhaler Treats Uncontrolled Asthma in Adults

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A three-in-one inhaler therapy can improve lung function and reduce asthma attacks in adults with uncontrolled disease, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in The Lancet.

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Ligelizumab Safely, Effectively Treats Hives

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Ligelizumab appears to be a safe and effective treatment option for chronic spontaneous urticaria, according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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2014 to 2018 Saw Decrease in Twin Birth Rate in U.S.

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2014 to 2018, there was a decrease in the twin birth rate, according to an October data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Changes in Air Pollution Levels May Affect Risk for Preterm Birth

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Persistent or increased exposure to high levels of air pollutants may increase the risk for preterm birth (PTB), particularly among women without a prior preterm birth, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

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Universal Screening for Autism Feasible in Pediatric Network

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is feasible in a pediatric primary care network, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Risk Calculator Can Help Predict Postmenopausal Morbidity

THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A new risk prediction calculator can make health risk predictions for several outcomes simultaneously in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Sept. 16 in Menopause.

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Bans on Flavored Electronic Cigarettes Continue

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Los Angeles County and the state of Ohio are the latest to ban flavored electronic cigarettes, joining Massachusetts, Washington, Michigan, and New York, along with San Francisco.

AP News Article

CNN Article

Isoniazid Tx to Prevent TB Ups Risks During HIV+ Pregnancy

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Initiation of isoniazid preventive therapy during pregnancy is associated with increased risks versus initiation during the postpartum period, according to a study published in the Oct. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Breast Cancer Mortality Rate Continues to Decline in the U.S.

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The breast cancer death rate is continuing to decline, although the decline has slowed in recent years, according to a report published online Oct. 2 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Smartphone-Operated One-Lead ECG Detects A-Fib, Flutter

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A smartphone-operated one-lead electrocardiography (1L-ECG) device with an integral algorithm can diagnose atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL), according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Obesity Associated With Higher Risk for Chronic Diarrhea

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Individuals who are obese or severely obese are more likely to have chronic diarrhea, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

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Youngest in Classroom at Higher Risk for Diagnosis of Depression

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children who are younger compared with their school peers have an increased risk for diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), intellectual disability, and depression in childhood, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Only Half of Ear, Nose, Throat Infections Receive Recommended Antibiotics

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In outpatient settings, only 50 percent of visits for pharyngitis, sinusitis, and acute otitis media (AOM) receive recommended first-line antibiotics, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

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Medicare Spends More Than $6 Billion on Secondary Fractures

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medicare could save billions of dollars if secondary fractures could be prevented with improved osteoporosis screening, according to a new National Osteoporosis Foundation report conducted by Milliman.

Research Report: Medicare Cost of Osteoporotic Fractures

Monitoring HTN Med Adherence Does Not Improve BP Control

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Interactive interventions to improve medication adherence do not improve blood pressure (BP) control, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Gradual ACS Symptom Onset Linked to Delay in Presentation for Acute Care

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), having a gradual onset of symptoms is associated with longer prehospital delay, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing.

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FDA: Pacemakers, Insulin Pumps Could Be Hacking Targets

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medical devices that can connect to the internet might be at risk for hacking, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned Tuesday.

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USPSTF Finds Evidence Lacking to Prevent Illicit Drug Use in Youth

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) finds that the current evidence is insufficient to recommend primary care-based interventions to prevent illicit drug use in children, adolescents, and young adults. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Oct. 1 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review

Draft Recommendation Statement

Comment on Recommendation Statement

Juul Halts Funding for San Francisco Vaping Ballot Initiative

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — On Monday, San Francisco-based Juul Labs Inc. said it will no longer fund an effort to quash an antivaping law in the city, effectively ending the campaign.

AP News Article

NBC News Article

Food Insecurity Prevalent Among Medicare Enrollees

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Food insecurity is prevalent among Medicare enrollees, affecting 38.3 percent of those aged younger than 65 years, according to a research letter published online Sept. 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Uptitration of Drugs Varies With Target Dosage in Chronic HF

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Uptitration of drugs for chronic systolic heart failure stops farther away from the recommended dosage for drugs with higher versus lower recommended dosages, according to a research letter published online Oct. 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Asthma-Related ED Use Up for Children With Anxiety, Depression

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children with asthma and with anxiety, depression, or both have increased rates of asthma-related emergency department use, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in Pediatrics.

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Elderly Who Start Thiopurine Tx for IBD Have Higher Risk for AEs

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Elderly patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at higher risk for adverse events (AEs) related to the use of thiopurines, according to a study published in the October issue of Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

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Glycemic Control Worse Than Thought in Adults With T1DM

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For adults with type 1 diabetes, glycemic control may be worse than previously thought, and rates of all complications increase with increasing hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), according to a study published online Sept. 23 in Diabetes Care.

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Decrease in Stroke Incidence Continued Through 2017 in ARIC

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, the decrease in stroke rates reported for 1987 to 2011 extended to 2017, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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Marine Omega-3 Supplements May Lower CVD Risk

TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Marine omega-3 supplementation seems to lower the risk for myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, total CHD events, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and total CVD events, according to a review published online Sept. 30 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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