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May 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Noncompliance Common in Teens Prescribed STI Treatment in ED

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Less than 60 percent of prescriptions for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among teens seeking care in the emergency department are filled, according to a research letter published online May 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Recommendations Developed for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Trials

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The International Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group has updated standards for future clinical trials in pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS); the new recommendations were published in the May 28 issue of Neurology.

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CDC: Reported Measles Cases Reach 971

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Five months into 2019, the number of measles cases in the United States has now reached 971, the largest number since 1992 when 963 total cases were reported for the year, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced.

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FDA Approves First Test for Zika in Human Blood

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The first test to detect the Zika virus in human blood has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CBS News Article

Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Shortage Looming

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is a looming critical shortage of pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs), according to a white paper published in the May-June issue of the Journal of Pediatric Health Care.

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High Costs Associated With Physician Burnout in U.S.

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — High costs are associated with physician turnover and reduced clinical hours attributed to burnout, according to a study published online May 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Weight-Based Teasing Linked to Gain in BMI, Fat Mass for Youth

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For youth with or at risk for overweight, weight-based teasing (WBT) is associated with a greater gain in body mass index (BMI) and fat mass, according to a study published online May 30 in Pediatric Obesity.

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Global Burden of Serious Health-Related Suffering to Double by 2060

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The global burden of serious health-related suffering is set to increase 47 percent by 2060, according to a study published online May 22 in The Lancet Global Health.

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Editorial

Teen Team Sports Participation Benefits Adult Mental Health

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among individuals exposed to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), team sports participation in adolescence is associated with better adult mental health, according to a study published online May 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Reading Visit Notes May Improve Medication Management

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Reading clinical notes can help patients to understand why medications are prescribed and improves medication adherence for some patients, according to a brief research report published online May 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Eczema-Related School Absences Higher Among Blacks, Hispanics

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hispanic and black children are more likely than white children to miss school due to atopic dermatitis (AD), according to a research letter published online May 22 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Rate of Opioid Prescribing High for Teens, Young Adults in ED

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For adolescents and young adults, the rate of opioid prescribing in emergency departments is high, according to a study published online May 28 in Pediatrics.

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Decreased Air Pollutants Linked to Less Childhood Asthma

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Decreases in ambient nitrogen dioxide and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) are associated with lower asthma incidence in children, according to a study published in the May 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Work Burnout, Gaming Addiction Classified as Diseases by WHO

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Work burnout is now a legitimate medical diagnosis, and gaming addiction is a mental health disorder, the World Health Organization says.

CNN Article

Newsweek Article

FDA Approves First Gene Therapy for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The first gene therapy has been approved to treat children younger than 2 years with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Friday.

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Higher BMI in Male Teens Tied to Cardiomyopathy in Adulthood

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Increased body mass index (BMI) in adolescence is associated with an increased risk for cardiomyopathy in adulthood among men, according to a study published online May 28 in Circulation.

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Guidance Updated for Sedation in Pediatric Dental Patients

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In conjunction with the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Academy of Pediatrics has updated its guidance for monitoring and managing pediatric dental patients during sedation; the guidelines were published online May 28 in Pediatrics.

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Risk for Suicide Attempts in Children Doubles With Parental Opioid Use

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children of parents who use prescription opioids are at nearly double the risk for suicide attempts, according to a study published online May 22 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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U.S. Incidence of Pediatric Thyroid Cancer on the Rise

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 1973 to 2013, there was an increase in the incidence rates of pediatric thyroid cancer, with marked increases from 2006 to 2013, according to a study published online May 23 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Migraines in Pregnancy Tied to Worse Outcomes for Mother, Baby

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Migraines in pregnant women are associated with an increased risk for pregnancy-associated hypertension disorders as well as an increased risk for a variety of adverse outcomes in the newborn, according to a study published online May 8 in Headache.

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California Bill to Tighten Vaccine Exemptions Moves Forward

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A bill that would tighten control over vaccination exemptions for children in California was sent by state senators to the Assembly on Wednesday.

AP News Article

Pediatricians Should Encourage Fish Consumption for Children

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Fish and shellfish consumption should be encouraged for children, according to a technical report published online May 20 in Pediatrics.

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Treatment Rates Low for Parents With Opioid Use Disorder

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Rates of treatment are low for parents with opioid use disorder (OUD) or other substance use disorders (SUDs), according to a study published in the May/June issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Homemade Sunscreen Recipes Commonly Shared, Offer Low Protection

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is widespread public interest in and acceptance of homemade sunscreens, even though they often do not offer sufficient protection from ultraviolet radiation, according to a study published online May 20 in Health Communication.

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Bill Would Raise U.S. Legal Age to Buy Tobacco to 21

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A bill to raise the minimum age for buying any type of tobacco product, including electronic cigarettes, from 18 to 21 years was introduced Monday by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.

AP News Article

More Information: CDC

Favorable Trends Seen in Lipids, Apolipoprotein B in U.S. Youth

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Between 1999 and 2016, there were favorable trends in lipid and apolipoprotein B levels in U.S. youth, according to a study published in the May 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Gender Gap in U.S. Youth Suicide Narrowed From 1975 to 2016

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There was a significant reduction in the gap between male and female rates of suicide among youth aged 10 to 19 years in the United States from 1975 through 2016, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Higher Consumption of Sugary Drinks May Up Mortality in Adults

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Consumption of sugary beverages, including 100 percent fruit juices, is associated with higher all-cause mortality in U.S. adults, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Clinical Drug Diversion Costly to Health Care Organizations

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — U.S. health care organizations lost nearly $454 million due to clinical drug diversion in 2018, according to the 2019 Drug Diversion Digest, released by Protenus Inc.

Report (subscription and payment may be required)

Medicaid Expansion Cuts Racial Disparities in Preterm Births

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Overall, state Medicaid expansion did not significantly impact rates of low birth weight or preterm birth outcomes from 2011 to 2016, but there were significant improvements in disparities for black infants relative to white infants for states that expanded Medicaid versus those that did not, according to a study published in the April 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editor’s Note

3 Percent of Infant Sleep-Related Deaths Occur in Sitting Devices

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — About 3 percent of sleep-related infant deaths occur in a sitting device, like a car safety seat (CSS) that is not being used for travel at the time of death, according to a study published online May 20 in Pediatrics.

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Millennial Parents Found More Likely to Drive Distracted

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Millennial parents are more likely to text while driving than older parents, according to a research letter published online May 13 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Pool Chemical Injuries Led to ~13,500 ED Visits in 2015-2017

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Pool chemical injuries led to an estimated 13,508 U.S. emergency department visits during 2015 to 2017, and about one-third of these injuries occurred in children, according to research published in the May 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Many Lives Could Be Saved if All Hospitals Had Grade A Rating

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than 50,000 lives could be saved if all hospitals had an avoidable death rate equivalent to “A” grade hospitals, according to an updated report prepared for The Leapfrog Institute.

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Private Insurers Pay 241 Percent of What Medicare Would Pay

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Prices paid to hospitals for privately insured patients in 2017 averaged 241 percent of what Medicare would have paid, with wide variation in prices among states, according to a report published by the RAND Corporation.

Press Release

Report

CDC: Salmonella Outbreaks Linked to Backyard Poultry

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Backyard flocks of live poultry have been linked with Salmonella outbreaks that have sickened 52 people in 21 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Thursday.

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First Anticoagulant Approved for Preventing VTE Recurrence in Children

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Fragmin (dalteparin sodium) injection has been granted the first approval for subcutaneous use in preventing recurrence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in children aged 1 month or older, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced.

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Estimated Prevalence of Low Birth Weight Down Since 2000

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2000 to 2015, there was a reduction in the estimated worldwide prevalence of low birth weight (LBW), according to a study published online May 15 in The Lancet Global Health.

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North Carolina Sues Electronic Cigarette Maker JUUL

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — North Carolina is suing electronic-cigarette manufacturer JUUL for allegedly marketing its products to children and misleading the public about the health risks of the products. This lawsuit is the first filed by a state over JUUL’s alleged marketing toward teens, CNN reported.

CNN Article

Recs Updated for TB Screening, Treatment in Health Care Workers

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Guidelines have been updated for screening and treatment for tuberculosis (TB) infection among health care personnel, according to research published in the May 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Smartphone App Could Help Diagnose Ear Infections

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A smartphone could be used as a screening tool for detecting the presence of middle ear fluid, according to a proof-of-concept study published in the May 15 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Two-Thirds of Sunscreens Fail Safety Tests

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nearly two-thirds of sunscreens that were analyzed failed safety tests proposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the Environmental Working Group said Wednesday.

CNN Article

Risk for Repeat Concussion Quantified for Pediatric Patients

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A total of 16.2 percent of children with an index concussion experience at least one repeat concussion within two years, according to a study published online May 14 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Computer-Based Training Studied in Children With Fragile X Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — No significant difference in outcomes was observed in children and adolescents with fragile X syndrome (FXS) receiving adaptive versus nonadaptive in-home cognitive training, according to a study published online April 15 in the Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

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Quitting Smoking While Pregnant Tied to Reduced Risk for Preterm Birth

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Quitting smoking, especially early in pregnancy, is associated with a reduced risk for preterm birth, even for high-frequency cigarette smokers, according to a study published online April 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Taxing Sweetened Beverages Reduces Volume Sold

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Implementation of a beverage excise tax on sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages in Philadelphia in January 2017 was associated with a reduction in the volume of beverages sold, according to a study published in the May 14 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Gestational Weight Gain Weak Predictor of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Optimal gestational weight gain has limited predictive value for adverse pregnancy outcomes, according to research published in the May 7 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editor’s Note

U.S. Parents Worried About Child’s Communication Skills

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — One-quarter of parents with children younger than age 8 years are concerned about their child’s ability to communicate, according to poll results released by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA).

Press Release

Patients Find Note Reading Important for Health Management

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients find note reading important for their health management and are rarely troubled by what they read, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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CDC: U.S. Measles Cases in 2019 Reach 839

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of reported measles cases in the United States climbed to 839 as of last week, the highest yearly total in 25 years, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Monday.

AP News Article

CNN Article

More Information: CDC

Standard Outcome Measures Developed for Pediatric Facial Palsy

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A standardized set of outcome measures, published online May 9 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery, has been designed to evaluate the quality of care provided to pediatric patients with facial palsy.

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Adverse Childhood Experiences Linked to Worse Lupus Outcomes

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with worse patient-reported systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) outcomes, according to a study published online May 9 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Higher Risk for Cancer, Mortality Seen With Pediatric-Onset IBD

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Individuals with pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease (pIBD) have an increased risk for cancer and mortality, according to a study published online May 9 in Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics.

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Low-Calorie Sweetened Drinks Do Not Cut Calories in Children

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children and teens who drink low-calorie sweetened beverages (LCSB) do not save calories versus those who drink sugary drinks, according to a study published online May 2 in Pediatric Obesity.

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Health Professionals Supportive of Medicinal Cannabis

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Health professionals are generally supportive of medicinal cannabis use but report a lack of knowledge about its use, according to a review published online May 6 in PLOS ONE.

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Model Predicts Counties at Risk for Measles Outbreak

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a commentary published online May 9 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, an analysis is proposed that can predict counties at risk for a measles outbreak.

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Suicide Attempts by Self-Poisoning Have Increased in Teens

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In children aged younger than 19 years, the incidence and rate of suicide attempts using self-poisoning have increased since 2011, according to research published online May 1 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Doctors Aware of Patient Difficulties Affording Medical Care

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Physicians are aware of patients’ difficulty with affording medical care and consider out-of-pocket costs in their decision making, according to an article published in a supplement to the May 7 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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ACS Sets Goal to Cut Cancer Mortality 40 Percent by 2035

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The American Cancer Society (ACS) has set a goal of a 40 percent reduction in overall cancer mortality by 2035, according to a study published online May 8 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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2018 Saw More Employed Physicians Than Self-Employed

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2018, employed physicians outnumbered self-employed physicians, according to a report from the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Nut Intake in First Trimester May Benefit Child Neurodevelopment

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nut intake during the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with long-term child neuropsychological development, according to a study published online May 7 in the European Journal of Epidemiology.

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CDC: Uninsurance Levels Did Not Change Significantly in 2018

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2018, the percentage of U.S. individuals who were uninsured was not significantly different from the numbers in 2017, although uninsurance increased among adults aged 45 to 64 years, according to a report published online May 9 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Scientology Cruise Ship Passengers, Crew Still Under Quarantine

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hundreds of passengers and crew members of a Church of Scientology cruise ship remain under quarantine in its home port of Curacao while awaiting measles test results.

ABC News Article

More Information: CDC

Prices Will Soon Be Included in TV Drug Ads

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In response to public demands for action to control drug costs, the top U.S. health official says TV advertisements for prescription drugs will soon have to include prices.

AP News Article

In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 Percent of U.S. Population Used Rx Drugs

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 percent of the U.S. population used prescription drugs within the past 30 days, according to a May data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Neonatal Morbidity Increased for Apgar Scores 7, 8, and 9

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Apgar scores of 7, 8, and 9 are associated with an increased risk for neonatal morbidity and mortality among term infants, according to a study published online May 7 in The BMJ.

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NHFOV Superior for Preventing Reintubation of Preemies

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nasal high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) reduces reintubation by more than 50 percent in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), according to a study published in the April issue of CHEST.

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FDA Approves Ruzurgi for Children With Rare Autoimmune Disorder

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Ruzurgi (amifampridine) tablets are now approved to treat Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) in children aged 6 to 17 years, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced yesterday.

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Radiology Residents Often Miss Child Abuse

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many radiology residents do not accurately recognize child abuse, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Roentgen Ray Society, held from May 5 to 10 in Honolulu.

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External Reference Pricing Could Cut Drug Costs in U.S.

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The average price for single-source brand-name drugs is higher in the United States than in other countries, indicating that external reference pricing could reduce costs, according to a study published in the May issue of Health Affairs.

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Efforts Needed to Ensure Publication of All Trials

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Efforts are needed to ensure all completed large trials are reported, according to a research letter published online May 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Combat Application Tourniquet Suitable for Use in Children

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The Combat Application Tourniquet (CAT) is suitable for use in the upper and lower extremities of school-age children, according to a study published online May 7 in Pediatrics.

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Recommendations Issued for Treating Tourette Syndrome

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a new American Academy of Neurology guideline published in the May 7 issue of Neurology, recommendations are presented for treating Tourette syndrome and other chronic tic disorders.

Abstract/Full Text – Review

Abstract/Full Text – Guideline

FDA: French Soft Ripened Cheese Possibly Contaminated

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Consumers should not eat and retailers should not sell or serve l’Explorateur soft ripened cheese due to possible Listeria monocytogenes contamination, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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CDC: Number of Measles Cases in the United States Reaches 764

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — At least 60 more measles cases have been reported in the United States, bringing the total so far this year to 764, health officials said Monday.

AP News Article

More Information: CDC

Oral Contraceptive Pill May Protect Against ACL Tears

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use is associated with reduced odds of experiencing an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, especially for girls aged 15 to 19 years, according to a study recently published online in The Physician and Sportsmedicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Guidelines Address Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Management

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Recommendations have been developed for both uveitis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and JIA manifesting as nonsystematic polyarthritis, sacroiliitis, or enthesitis; the two guidelines were published online April 25 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract/Full Text – Ringold

Abstract/Full Text – Angeles-Han

Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders Reliable in Toddler Years

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has high diagnostic stability, with stable diagnosis starting at 14 months of age, according to a study published online April 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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U.S. Energy Drink Consumption Rose From 2003 to 2016

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Consumption of caffeinated energy drinks is on the rise in the United States among adolescents, young adults, and middle-aged adults, according to a study published April 18 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Children With Chronic Illness Can Have Normal Life Satisfaction

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children with chronic illness have lower general health, but their life satisfaction is comparable to that of their peers without chronic illness, according to a study published online May 6 in Pediatrics.

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Serum Free Fatty Acid Level Verifies Fasting State in Children

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Serum free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations can distinguish children’s fed and fasting states, according to a study published online May 3 in Pediatrics.

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Implementing Surgical Safety Checklist Reduces Mortality

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There has been a significant reduction in surgical mortality during the last decade in Scotland that is partially attributable to the implementation of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist, according to a study published online April 16 in the British Journal of Surgery.

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CDC: Foodborne Infections Increased From 2015 to 2018

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2015 to 2018, the incidence of most foodborne infections increased, according to research published in the April 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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More Than Half of U.S. Adults Have Medical Financial Hardship

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medical financial hardship affects more than half of adults in the United States, according to a study published online May 1 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Measles Case Leads to Quarantine of Cruise Ship in St. Lucia

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A case of measles has led to the quarantine of a cruise ship with nearly 300 passengers and crew on the Caribbean island of St. Lucia, health officials reported Wednesday. They said that one female crew member has a confirmed case of measles and that the ship has been under quarantine since Monday morning. The ship is scheduled to leave late Thursday, NBC News reported.

NBC News Article

CNN Article

More Information: CDC

Childhood Oral Infection Linked to Atherosclerosis in Adulthood

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Oral infections in childhood are associated with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in adulthood, according to a study published online April 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Preterm Birth Tied to Elevated Risk for Chronic Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Preterm and early preterm birth are associated with an increased risk for development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online May 1 in The BMJ.

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New Drugs May Influence Social Behaviors in Those With Autism

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Balovaptan, an orally administered selective vasopressin V1a receptor antagonist, is associated with improved adaptive behaviors for men with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while arginine vasopressin (AVP), a neuropeptide involved in promoting mammalian social behaviors, may improve social impairments in children with ASD, according to two phase 2 studies published online May 1 in Science Translational Medicine.

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Mental Health Treatment, Diagnoses Up in Military Children

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Diagnosed mental health conditions, pharmaceutical treatment, and outpatient visits for mental health all increased among U.S. pediatric military dependents from 2003 to 2015, according to a study published online April 10 in Psychiatric Services.

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Cognitive Function Does Not Predict Pediatric Bariatric Surgery Outcome

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Youth with cognitive impairment or developmental disability (CI/DD) have weight-loss trajectories after bariatric surgery similar to those of their peers with typical cognitive function, according to a study published online in the May issue of Pediatrics.

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FDA Approves Mavyret for Children, Adolescents With Hep C

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Mavyret (glecaprevir and pibrentasvir) tablets are now approved to treat all six genotypes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in children ages 12 to 17 years, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced yesterday.

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E-Cigarette Use Similar for Pregnant, Nonpregnant Women

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of current cigarette smoking is lower among pregnant women, while prevalence of current electronic cigarette smoking is equivalent for pregnant and nonpregnant women of reproductive age, according to a research letter published online April 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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