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March 2020 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Doctors, Hospitals, Pharmacies Warned Not to Stockpile Meds

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a joint statement released by the American Medical Association, American Pharmacists Association, and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the professional groups “strongly oppose” physicians, pharmacies, and hospitals prophylactically prescribing medications or purchasing excessive amounts or stockpiles of potential treatments for COVID-19.

Joint Statement

U.S. Army Opens Field Hospital in New York City

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The first U.S. Army field hospital for civilian patients opened in New York City Monday and could be the first of many across the nation as it struggles with the coronavirus pandemic.

CBS News Article

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PPE Negative for SARS-CoV-2 After Patient Contact

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Samples collected from personal protective equipment (PPE) from health care workers (HCWs) caring for patients positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were negative for SARS-CoV-2, according to research published online March 26 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Workers at Risk for COVID-19 Exposure Can Access Online Training

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The National Institutes of Health has launched a new website with educational resources for hospital employees, emergency first responders, and other workers at risk for exposure to COVID-19.

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National Health Spending Expected to Increase Through 2028

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — National health expenditures are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 5.4 percent for 2019 to 2028, representing almost 20 percent of U.S. gross domestic product by 2028, according to a study published online March 24 in Health Affairs.

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Recommendations Issued for Pediatric Abuse-Related Head Trauma

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement, published online March 23 in Pediatrics, recommendations are presented for pediatricians to manage abusive head trauma (AHT) in infants and children.

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Virtual Reality Can Help Assess Glaucoma-Related Visual Disability

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Vision-related disability is associated with lighting condition and task in patients with glaucoma, according to a study published online March 19 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Guidelines Provided for Ophthalmologists in COVID-19 Setting

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Updated information about severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2019 (SARS-CoV-2) has been provided for ophthalmologists by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, in conjunction with the publication in Ophthalmology of a study relating to the risk of SARS-CoV-2 in tears.

Important Coronavirus Updates for Ophthalmologists

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Serial Interval of COVID-19 Estimated at 3.96 Days

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The serial interval of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), defined as the time between a primary case and secondary case developing symptoms, is 3.96 days, according to a study published online March 19 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Decreases Seen in Cancer Incidence, Death Rates

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Cancer incidence and death rates have decreased in recent years, according to two studies published online March 12 in Cancer.

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Editorial

More U.S. Adults at High Risk for Vision Loss in 2017 Than 2002

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More U.S. adults were at high risk for vision loss in 2017 versus 2002, with an increase in the proportion unable to afford eyeglasses, according to a study published online March 12 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Ophthalmologic Symptoms Common in Parkinson Disease

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) have a higher prevalence of ophthalmologic symptoms than controls, according to a study published online March 11 in Neurology.

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2018 Health Care Spending Up Due to Higher Prices

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Average employer-sponsored insurance spending rose to $5,892 per person in 2018, according to the Health Care Cost Institute annual Health Care Cost and Utilization Report.

Health Care Cost and Utilization Report

Increase Seen in Melatonin Secretion After Cataract Surgery

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Cataract surgery seems to increase melatonin secretion in adults aged 60 years or older, according to a study published online March 5 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Female Clinical Chairs Paid Significantly Less Than Men

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There are significant sex differences in salaries of clinical department chairs in public medical schools in the United States, according to a research letter published online March 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Racial/Ethnic Insurance Coverage Disparity Down Since ACA

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Since the implementation of coverage expansions associated with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the disparities in insurance coverage related to race and ethnicity have decreased, according to a study published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Considerable Increase Seen in List, Net Prices of Branded Drugs

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2007 to 2018, there were substantial increases in list and net prices of branded drugs in the United States, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editorial 2 (subscription or payment may be required)

1996 to 2016 Saw Increases in U.S. Spending on Health Care

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 1996 to 2016, there were considerable increases in U.S. spending on health care, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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