Home News Mental Health News July 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

July 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

10.6 Percent of Seniors Estimated as Current Binge Drinkers

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than 10 percent of U.S. adults aged 65 years and older are estimated to be current binge drinkers, according to a report published online July 31 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Likelihood of Trying Drugs for the First Time Higher in the Summer

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Summer appears to be a risk factor for drug use initiation, according to a study published online July 23 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Burnout Symptoms May Up Racial Bias Among Resident Physicians

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Symptoms of burnout seem to be associated with greater explicit and implicit racial bias among resident physicians, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Having a Partner, Health Impact Postmenopausal Sexual Activity

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Having a partner and good physical health are key factors for continuation of sexual activity among postmenopausal women, according to a study published online July 8 in Menopause.

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$70 Million Settlement Reached in Generic Drug Delay Case

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Three drug companies will pay a total of nearly $70 million to California to settle charges of delaying the sale of generic drugs to keep brand-name drug prices high, the state’s attorney general said Monday.

AP News Article

Hearing Loss Takes Mental, Social, Physical Toll on Older People

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Older people with hearing loss are more likely to experience outdoor activity limitations, psychological distress, and memory loss, according to a study recently published online in Geriatrics & Gerontology International.

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National Norms Developed for Assessing Medical School Empathy

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — National norms have been developed for assessing empathy among men and women at different levels of medical school education, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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Work-Related Injuries Up Suicide and Drug-Related Death

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Workplace injuries severe enough to warrant more than a week away from work may increase the risk for death among workers, according to a study published online July 12 in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

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Exposure to Urban Tree Canopy Beneficial for Mental Health

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Increased exposure to total green space, and urban tree canopy specifically, is associated with a reduced incidence of psychological distress, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Outpatient Service Receipt Down After Medicaid Disenrollment

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with mental health (MH) disorders, disenrollment in Medicaid is associated with a reduction in the likelihood of receiving any outpatient service and any MH-related outpatient service, according to a study published in the August issue of Medical Care.

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Daily E-Cigarette Use May Increase Prolonged Cigarette Abstinence

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Daily electronic-cigarette use is associated with increased odds of prolonged regular cigarette smoking abstinence, according to a study published online July 11 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

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Online Symptom Self-Management + Telehealth Aids Pain, Mood

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Online symptom self-management plus clinician telecare can be effective for individuals with pain, depression, and anxiety, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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FDA Warns CBD Product Maker About False Claims

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A warning letter has been issued to Massachusetts-based Curaleaf Inc. for illegally selling unapproved cannabidiol (CBD) products online with unproven claims that the products treat cancer, Alzheimer disease, opioid withdrawal, pain, and other health problems, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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Senate Bill Would Reduce Drug Costs for Seniors

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A bill to reduce prescription drug costs for millions of Medicare recipients and lower federal and state health costs has been introduced by two U.S. senators.

AP News Article

2001 to 2017 Saw Increase in Suicides in African-American Teens

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2001 to 2017, the rate of suicides among African-American (AA) adolescents increased, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Community Health.

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Stimulant Treatment Has Strong Protective Effect in ADHD

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), stimulants have strong protective effects on functional outcomes, according to a study published online July 23 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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More Screen Time Ups Risk for Depression in Adolescents

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Increases in time spent on social media, computers, and watching television are linked to a corresponding increase in depression in adolescents, according to a study published online July 15 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Pediatricians Can Play Role in Ensuring School Readiness

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Social-emotional and behavioral skills are important for school readiness, and preschoolers with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have increased odds of impaired school readiness, according to a technical report and study published online July 22 in Pediatrics.

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State-Level Firearm Ownership Linked to Domestic Firearm Homicide

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is an association for state-level firearm ownership rates with domestic, but not nondomestic, firearm homicide, according to a study published online July 22 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Music Relieves Preop Anxiety Before Peripheral Nerve Block

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients undergoing preoperative peripheral nerve block placement have a similar change in anxiolytic scores when they receive music medicine versus midazolam, according to a study published online July 18 in Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine.

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Transfers Up for Mental Health Disorders in Uninsured Children

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For children presenting to the emergency department with a mental health disorder, the likelihood of transfer is increased for those without insurance, according to a study published online July 1 in Pediatric Emergency Care.

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Prevalence of Suicide Ideation 4.6 Percent in Pregnant Women

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For low-income pregnant women, the prevalence of suicide ideation is 4.6 percent, with increased odds of suicide ideation for women with depression, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the Journal of Affective Disorders.

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Medical Marijuana Laws May Not Impact Opioid Use

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Medical marijuana laws do not appear to impact nonmedical prescription opioid use or opioid use disorder, according to a study published online July 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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About One in 20 Patients Exposed to Preventable Harm

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The pooled prevalence of preventable patient harm is 6 percent across a range of medical settings globally, according to a review published online July 17 in The BMJ.

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U.S. Drug OD Deaths Fall for First Time in Three Decades

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For the first time in three decades, drug overdose deaths in the United States fell last year, preliminary federal government data suggest.

AP News Article

Many Patients With Depression Do Not Need a Psychiatrist

WEDNESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Primary care doctors can detect and treat most cases of depression, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Flexible Family Visitation Policy Does Not Cut Delirium in ICU

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Compared with standard restricted visiting hours, a flexible family visitation policy does not significantly reduce the incidence of delirium among patients in the intensive care unit (ICU), according to a study published in the July 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Cognitive Therapy Effective for Internet Game Addiction

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program is effective in treating male patients with internet and computer game addiction, according to a study published online July 10 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Depression at Time of Diagnosis May Worsen Survival in Blood Cancers

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Symptoms of depression are common among patients diagnosed with hematological malignancy, and depressive symptoms are associated with shorter survival, according to a study published online July 2 in Psycho-Oncology.

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Company Reaches $1.4 Billion Settlement in Opioid Treatment Investigation

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A drug company has reached a $1.4 billion settlement with the U.S. government over an investigation into the company’s marketing and sales of a prescription drug used to treat opioid addiction.

CNN Article

More Information: DOJ

Increase Seen in Foster Care Entries Due to Parental Drug Use

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The number of foster care entries attributable to parental drug use increased considerably from 2000 to 2017, according to a research letter published online July 15 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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E-Cigarette Restrictions May Up Combustible Cigarette Use

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Restrictive regulations regarding electronic cigarette (EC) characteristics may result in increased combustible cigarette (CC) use among dual EC and CC users, according to a study published online July 15 in Substance Use & Misuse.

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Productivity Loss Sizable With Menstruation-Related Symptoms

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Menstruation-related symptoms (MRS) cause a great deal of productivity loss, mainly due to presenteeism, according to research published online June 27 in BMJ Open.

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Kratom Use Associated With Significant Toxicities

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The unregulated herbal supplement known as kratom, which is mainly used for self-treating pain or mood disorders in the United States, is associated with significant toxicities, according to a report published in the July issue of Pharmacotherapy.

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Serious Misdiagnosis-Related Harms Mostly Due to ‘Big Three’

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Vascular events, infections, and cancers account for about three-quarters of serious misdiagnosis-related harms, according to a study published online July 11 in Diagnosis.

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Medicare Drug Rebate Plan Withdrawn by Trump Administration

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A plan to let Medicare patients receive rebates that drug companies currently pay to insurers and middlemen has been withdrawn by the Trump administration.

AP News Article

Capping Work Hours in Residency Does Not Impact Outcomes Later

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Exposure of U.S. physicians to work-hour reforms during residency training is not associated with post-training differences in patient mortality, readmissions, or costs of care, according to a study published online July 11 in The BMJ.

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Negative Cognitive Bias May Be Key to Depression in Active IBD

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Biases in emotional processing may contribute to depression in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who have active disease, according to a study published online July 2 in Neurogastroenterology & Motility.

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High Social Stress Linked to Greater Bone Loss After Menopause

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — High social stress is associated with greater bone loss during six years of follow-up among postmenopausal women, according to a study published online July 9 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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Health Care Professionals Exhibit Gender Bias

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Survey results show that health care professionals have implicit and explicit gender bias, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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Mentally Stimulating Activities Lower Risk for Cognitive Decline

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among community-dwelling older persons, engaging in a higher number of mentally stimulating activities, particularly in late life, is associated with a lower risk for developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI), according to a study published online July 10 in Neurology.

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CPAP Alleviates Depression Symptoms in Sleep Apnea Patients

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment reduces depression symptoms in patients with coexisting obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease, according to research published online June 13 in EClinicalMedicine.

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EHR System-Generated In-Basket Messages Linked to Burnout

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Receipt of more than the average number of electronic health record (EHR) system-generated in-basket messages is associated with an increased probability of physician burnout, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Health Affairs.

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Rule Requiring Drug Prices in TV Ads Blocked by Judge

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A Trump administration rule to force pharmaceutical companies to disclose the list prices of their drugs in television ads was blocked Monday by a federal judge.

The New York Times Article

Androgen Deprivation Therapy May Up Risk of Alzheimer Disease

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among elderly patients with prostate cancer, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) exposure is associated with subsequent diagnosis of Alzheimer disease or dementia, according to a study published online July 3 in JAMA Network Open.

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School Performance Down With Adverse Childhood Experiences

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children’s school performance and attitudes decline as their adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) increase, according to a study published online July 8 in Pediatrics.

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Neuropsychiatric Morbidity Up With Synthetic Cannabinoid Use in Teens

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Synthetic cannabinoid (SC) exposure is associated with increased odds of neuropsychiatric morbidity versus cannabis exposure among adolescents presenting to the emergency department, according to a study published online July 8 in Pediatrics.

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Early Warning Signs May Predate Eating Disorder Onset

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Early warning signs may help providers identify eating disorders earlier, according to a study published online July 1 in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

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Treating Depression May Reduce Mortality in Diabetes Patients

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The use of most types of antidepressants (ATDs) is associated with significantly reduced mortality among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and comorbid depression, according to a study published online July 2 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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45 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Some Doubts About Vaccine Safety

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Just under half of U.S. adults have some doubts about vaccine safety, according to a survey released by the American Osteopathic Association.

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Male Students Affected More by Poor Diet in First Year of College

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — During the first year of university life, both male and female students make poor dietary choices, which are associated with increases in body weight and fat composition; however, male students appear to be affected more than female students, according to a study published online July 3 in PLOS ONE.

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IL-6 Level May Predict Symptom Duration in Concussed Athletes

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For concussed athletes, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) are significantly elevated at six hours after concussion, and IL-6 levels are associated with symptom duration, according to a study published online July 3 in Neurology.

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DOJ Asks Congress to Permanently Classify Fentanyl-Like Drugs

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A temporary order classifying fentanyl-like drugs as controlled substances should be enacted into law, the U.S. Department of Justice is telling Congress.

CBS News Article

Most Adult-Use Cannabis Customers Use for Pain, Sleep Relief

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — De facto medical use of cannabis for symptom relief is common among adult-use dispensary customers in Colorado, according to a study published online July 2 in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.

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Mental Health Service Use Up After Campaign to Reduce Stigma

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A social marketing campaign in California designed to reduce stigma about mental health issues appears to have encouraged more people to seek care for their symptoms of mental distress, according to a study published online June 26 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Considerable Number of Patients Receive Surprise Hospital Charges

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Eighteen percent of all emergency department visits and 16 percent of in-network hospital stays have at least one out-of-network charge, according to a report published June 20 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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In Utero Opioid Exposure Tied to Poor Outcomes Throughout Childhood

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In utero exposure to opioids is associated with higher risks for short- and long-term adverse outcomes, including preterm birth and neurodevelopmental and physical health disorders in children, according to a study published online June 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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Combo of Mental Disorders and Physical Illness Ups ED Visits

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Mental disorders and physical multimorbidity interact to increase the odds of frequent visits to the emergency department, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of CMAJ, the Journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Core Components of Teen Mental Health Interventions ID’d

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Three program components of interventions to promote mental health and prevent mental disorders and risk behaviors during adolescence have a significant effect on multiple outcomes, according to a review published online July 1 in Pediatrics.

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