Home News General Health News February 2020 Briefing – Internal Medicine

February 2020 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for February 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Statin Use May Reduce Mortality in High-Risk Prostate Cancer

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Statin use alone or in combination with metformin is associated with lower all-cause and prostate cancer (PCa) mortality among high-risk patients, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in Cancer Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

HIV-Infected Youth Less Likely to Achieve Viral Suppression

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Youth newly diagnosed with HIV are linked to care at similar rates as adults but achieve disproportionately lower rates of viral suppression, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

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Vitamin D Tied to Back Problems in Postmenopausal Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Vitamin D deficiency is associated with lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) and low back pain (LBP) in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in Menopause.

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Assisting Medication Continuity Cuts Readmissions for Seniors

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Interventions that bridge care transitions have the greatest impact on older adults’ medication continuity, according to a review published online Feb. 20 in Age and Ageing.

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Age of Onset May Affect Clinical Outcomes for MS Patients on DMT

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Age of onset for disease is an important factor affecting clinical outcomes across the life span in patients receiving disease-modifying therapy (DMT) for multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online Feb. 25 in the European Journal of Neurology.

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Inflammatory Conditions of Skin, Bowel May Be Linked

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There appears to be a link between hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a review published in the February issue of the International Journal of Dermatology.

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CDC Makes Changes to Coronavirus Testing Efforts

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Just how prepared the United States is to quell an outbreak of coronavirus on American soil came into question on Thursday, as federal officials changed guidelines for testing after a whistleblower complaint. The complaint claimed some federal health workers had been allowed to interact with quarantined Americans without proper training or protective gear.

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Vegetarian Diet Linked to Reduced Ischemic Stroke Risk in Taiwan

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a population from Taiwan, vegetarian diet was associated with a reduced risk for overall, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Neurology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Higher Exposure to Air Pollution Linked to Albuminuria, CKD

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Exposure to a higher annual average concentration of particulate matter (PM) <2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) is associated with increased albuminuria and an increased risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online Feb. 27 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Regardless of Weight, Metabolic Health Tied to New Diabetes

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There is a significant increased risk for diabetes mellitus (DM) in postmenopausal women who are metabolically unhealthy, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in Menopause.

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Varenicline Seems Safe for Adults Without Depression

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For adults without a recent history of depression, use of varenicline for smoking cessation does not appear to be associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) or neuropsychiatric hospitalizations when compared with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Addiction.

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Certified Medical Homes Tied to Better Diabetes Outcomes

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Primary care practices certified as medical homes have more practice systems and higher performance on diabetes care versus uncertified practices, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Patient Satisfaction Scores for Hospitals Driven by Hospitality

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Measures of hospitality, not medical care, actually drive patient satisfaction scores for hospital care, according to research published online Feb. 13 in Special Forces.

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Compliance Low With USPSTF Lung Cancer Screening Recommendations

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Of those people in 10 states meeting the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for low-dose lung cancer screening, only 12.5 percent reported having had a screening exam in the past year, according to research published in the Feb. 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Facebook Bans False or Alarming Coronavirus Ads

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Misleading ads about products that claim to cure or protect against the new coronavirus will be banned from Facebook, the social media company said Wednesday. It also said it will prohibit ads that may trigger alarm about the outbreak.

CBS News Article

First U.S. Case of ‘Unknown Origin’ COVID-19 Identified

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Vice President Mike Pence will lead the U.S. response to a potential global pandemic of COVID-19, President Donald Trump announced Wednesday evening.

AP News Article

CDC Media Statement

Adults May Not Need Tetanus, Diphtheria Booster Shots

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The incidence rates of tetanus and diphtheria are not significantly lower in countries that routinely vaccinate adults for these diseases, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Daily Care Conferences May Cut Length of Stay in COPD Patients

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Daily integrated care conferences (ICCs) are associated with shorter length of stay for patients admitted with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations at a community hospital, according to a study published in the March issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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Gefapixant Promising for Relief of Unexplained Chronic Cough

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with refractory chronic cough or unexplained chronic cough, the P2X3 receptor antagonist gefapixant 50 mg twice daily significantly reduces cough frequency, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Prevalence of Obesity 42.4 Percent in 2017 to 2018

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of obesity was 42.4 percent among U.S. adults in 2017 to 2018, according to a February data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Fewer Women in Cardiovascular Trials, but Representation Improving

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Men still dominate participation in cardiovascular clinical trials, according to a study published online Feb. 17 in Circulation.

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Intensive BP Control Has Positive Impact on Residual Life Span

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For middle-aged and older adults at high cardiovascular risk without diabetes, intensive blood pressure (BP) control improves projected survival by six months to three years, according to research published online Feb. 26 in JAMA Cardiology.

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First U.S. Trial of Possible Coronavirus Treatment Begins

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The University of Nebraska Medical Center has launched the first clinical trial in the United States of a possible treatment for the new coronavirus.

AP News Article

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States Launch Investigation of Juul Labs

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The marketing and sales of vaping products by San Francisco-based Juul Labs is being investigated by 39 states.

AP News Article

Weight Gain During Adulthood Tied to Decline in Lung Function

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Moderate and high weight gain during adulthood is associated with accelerated decline in lung function, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Thorax.

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No Compensatory Smoking Seen With Low-Nicotine Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Smokers do not appear to engage in compensatory smoking when using low-nicotine cigarettes, according to two studies published online Feb. 26 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Electronic Nose Can Detect Barrett Esophagus in Breath Test

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — An electronic nose that measures volatile organic compounds can detect Barrett esophagus, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Gut.

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Age at Period Cessation Not Linked to CVD Risk Trajectories

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There is little evidence for associations between age at period cessation and trajectories of anthropometry, blood pressure, lipids, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measures, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Heart.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Sugar-Sweetened Beverages May Adversely Affect Lipid Profile

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) is associated with adverse changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Editorial

Influence of Politics Has Not Waned in Opinions About ACA

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Public opinion about the Affordable Care Act (ACA) remains divided 10 years after its passage, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Health Affairs.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Cognitive Impairment Screening

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the evidence is lacking and that the balance of benefits and harms of cognitive impairment screening for older adults cannot be established. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Feb. 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report

Final Recommendation Statement

Editorial 1

Editorial 2 (subscription or payment may be required)

Mistreatment, Discrimination Still Common for Medical Students

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Mistreatment of medical students remains common for women, racial/ethnic minorities, and sexual minorities, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Judge Says More Answers Needed About Relocation of COVID-19 Patients

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Federal and California officials must provide more information to local officials about plans to relocate former cruise ship passengers who have tested positive for the new coronavirus to a facility in a Southern California community, a federal judge ruled Monday.

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$2.5 Billion Coronavirus Plan Sent to Congress

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A $2.5 billion plan to fight the coronavirus outbreak was sent by the White House to Congress on Monday evening, as countries around the world raced to stem outbreaks of “untraceable” cases of the virus.

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Medication Treatment May Lower Risk for Opioid Overdose Death

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Medication treatment with methadone and buprenorphine is associated with a significantly lower risk for overdose death for people with opioid use disorder (OUD) compared with nonmedication treatment, but this lower risk does not persist after discontinuing treatment, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Addiction.

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Guidance Issued for Food Intake in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In an article from the International Organization for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, published online Feb. 14 in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, recommendations are presented regarding specific food consumption for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

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Liraglutide Enhances Weight Loss With Intensive Behavioral Therapy

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Intensive behavioral therapy (IBT) produces clinically meaningful weight loss in a primary care setting, which is enhanced in combination with liraglutide, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in Obesity.

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Antibiotics, Corticosteroids Beneficial in COPD Exacerbations

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For adults with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), antibiotics and systemic corticosteroids are associated with less treatment failure, according to a review published online Feb. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Wearable Sensor Data Predict Heart Failure Rehospitalization

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients discharged from heart failure admission, analysis of physiological telemetry data from a wearable sensor can detect worsening heart failure and predict impending rehospitalization, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Circulation: Heart Failure.

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Different Foods Linked to Risk for Ischemic, Hemorrhagic Stroke

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Different foods are associated with the risk for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in the European Heart Journal.

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Tax on Sweetened Beverages Reduced Sales Volume in Chicago

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The Cook County Sweetened Beverage Tax (SBT) led to a substantial reduction in the volume sold of taxed beverages, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Long-Term Antidepressant Use Appears to Raise Risk for T2DM

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Long-term antidepressant use increases the risk for type 2 diabetes onset in a time- and dose-dependent manner, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in Diabetes Care.

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Continuing Annual Breast Cancer Screening No Benefit in Over-75s

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For women aged 75 years or older, continuing annual breast cancer screening does not result in significant reductions in eight-year breast cancer mortality compared with stopping screening, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Author to Fight Retraction of Study Linking Vaping to Heart Attack Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A journal’s retraction of a study linking electronic cigarettes with an increased risk for heart attack is being challenged by the author.

USA Today Article

Global Coronavirus Outbreaks Stoking Fears of Pandemic

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A coronavirus pandemic looked ever more likely on Monday as multiple countries around the world raced to stem outbreaks of “untraceable” cases of the virus.

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Many Smokers Who Quit Before Gastric Bypass Surgery Relapse

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Although most adults who smoke prior to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) quit before surgery, the rate of relapse is high, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Annals of Surgery.

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Healthy Dietary Patterns Linked to Better Semen Quality

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Adherence to healthy dietary patterns is associated with better semen quality, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in JAMA Network Open.

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1990 to 2017 Saw Increase in Global Deaths From Lung Disease

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 1990 to 2017, the number of global deaths from chronic respiratory diseases increased, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in The BMJ.

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Increases in Alcohol-Induced Death Rates ID’d Across U.S.

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2000 to 2016, there were large increases in alcohol-induced death rates across age and racial/ethnic subgroups, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial 2

Racial/Ethnic Disparity Seen for Stroke in Dialysis Patients With A-Fib

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation, racial/ethnic disparities in all-cause stroke are partially mediated by lower anticoagulant use, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Image Reading on Mobile Devices Feasible for Stroke Decisions

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Mobile devices may be reliable and accurate for interpreting images needed in making the clinical decision to administer intravenous (IV) thrombolysis in patients with acute stroke, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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CDC: U.S. Coronavirus Cases Reach 34

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The number of coronavirus cases among Americans jumped to 34 Friday, as U.S. health officials reported that more passengers who were evacuated from a quarantined cruise ship in Japan have tested positive for the virus.

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Longer Hormone Therapy Tied to Less Muscle Loss in Menopause

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Longer use of hormone therapy (HT) is associated with high muscle mass and a low prevalence of sarcopenia in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in Menopause.

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Dengue Virus Infection May Increase Risk for Developing Leukemia

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Dengue virus infection is associated with an increased risk for leukemia, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Cancer Therapy-Associated Polyposis May Mimic CRC Predisposition

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Childhood and young adulthood cancer (CYAC) therapy-associated polyposis (TAP) often has clinical features suggestive of at least one colorectal cancer (CRC) predisposition syndrome, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in Cancer Prevention Research.

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U.S. Coronavirus Cases Now Stand at 26

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Eleven Americans who were evacuated from a quarantined cruise ship in Japan have tested definitively for coronavirus, bringing the case count in this country to 26, U.S. health officials reported late Thursday.

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HbA1c Levels Lower in Older, Multimorbid Patients With T2DM

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A higher proportion of older and multimorbid patients with type 2 diabetes achieve low hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

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CDC: 19.2 Percent of Unpaid Caregivers in Fair, Poor Health

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Almost 20 percent of informal caregivers in the United States report being in fair or poor health, with considerable variation between states, according to research published in the Feb. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Low Income May Increase Risk for Specific Glomerular Diseases

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Socioeconomic position is inversely associated with standardized incidence of lupus nephritis and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-related glomerulonephritis (ANCA-GN), according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Editorial

Major Malformations Up With Macrolide Prescribing in Pregnancy

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Prescribing macrolide antibiotics during the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for major fetal malformation, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in The BMJ.

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Chronic Kidney Disease Poses Major Global Health Burden

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a major effect on global health, both as a direct cause of morbidity and mortality and as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in The Lancet.

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Editorial

Late Mortality Up for Survivors of Early-Teen, Young Adult Cancers

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Early-adolescent and young adult cancer survivors have increased mortality and morbidity risks compared with siblings or the general population, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Vaccine Effectiveness 45 Percent for Flu Virus Linked to ARI

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The overall vaccine effectiveness (VE) against any influenza virus associated with medically attended acute respiratory illness (ARI) is 45 percent for the current influenza season, according to research published in the Feb. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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First Coronavirus Death Reported in South Korea

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The first new coronavirus-related death in South Korea was reported on Thursday.

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Number of COVID-19 Cases in China Lower With New Counting Method

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The number of COVID-19 cases in China dropped Thursday, but the decline might just be due to new methods in how case numbers are tallied.

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Out-of-Pocket Costs Impact Neurologic Medication Adherence

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with certain neurological conditions, increasing out-of-pocket medical costs is associated with lower medication adherence, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Neurology.

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More Side Effects Seen With Guideline-Recommended Chlorthalidone

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In real-world practice, chlorthalidone use is not associated with significant cardiovascular benefits versus hydrochlorothiazide, but it is associated with a greater risk for renal and electrolyte abnormalities, according to a study published online Feb. 17 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Dietitians Effective for Weight Loss in Obese Medicare Patients

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Delivery of intensive behavioral therapy for obesity (IBTO) by registered dietitian nutritionists is effective and beneficial for Medicare beneficiaries, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in Family Practice.

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COPD Incidence Higher in People With HIV

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — People with HIV are more likely to have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and are diagnosed with the disease at a younger age than people who are HIV-negative, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in CMAJ Open.

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Many Transgender Youth Intentionally Avoid Disclosure

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Most transgender youth voluntarily disclose their gender identity to health care providers (HCPs) outside of a gender clinic; however, almost half report having intentionally avoided disclosure, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Glycemic Control in T2DM Worse With Refusal of Insulin Therapy

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For individuals with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, those who decline insulin therapy have worse glycemic control, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in Diabetic Medicine.

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Prescription Medications Can Be Found on Craigslist

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Prescription medications, especially analog insulin, can be found on Craigslist, according to a research letter published online Feb. 17 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Most Youth With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Undiagnosed

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) remains largely undiagnosed in youth, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in the Child & Youth Care Forum.

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Person-to-Person Resting Heart Rates Found to Be Highly Variable

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Resting heart rate (RHR) differs greatly between people, while individual rates are more consistent, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in PLOS ONE.

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Several Drugs Have Similar Efficacy for Plaque Psoriasis

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Four drugs have similar Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) response rates for both short- and long-term treatment of plaque psoriasis, according to a review published online Feb. 5 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Ethnic Differences in Sitting Behaviors ID’d in Older Women

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Overweight/obese postmenopausal women have ethnic differences in sitting behavior and in the deleterious association between sitting behavior and cardiometabolic risk, according to a study published in the Feb. 18 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Quarantine Ends on Cruise Ship in Japan as Coronavirus Cases Near 75,000

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — As the number of coronavirus cases reached 75,000 and deaths topped 2,000, a two-week quarantine of a cruise ship docked in Japan ended Wednesday.

CDC Media Statement

Japanese Couple on Delta Flight From Hawaii Diagnosed With Coronavirus

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Delta Airlines is notifying passengers who were on a Feb. 6 flight from Hawaii to Japan that a Japanese couple on the flight tested positive for novel coronavirus after they returned home.

CNN Article

More Information: CDC

Risk for Adverse Events Up With Low-Dose Methotrexate

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Use of low-dose methotrexate (LD-MTX) is associated with increased risks for adverse events (AEs), including skin cancer, and gastrointestinal, pulmonary, infectious, and hematologic AEs, according to research published online Feb. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Certain Factors May Increase Risk for Cognitive Decline in Elderly

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In older adults with abdominal obesity, sustained levels of higher blood glucose are tied to a higher likelihood of experiencing cognitive decline, whereas in older adults without abdominal obesity, the hormone adiponectin appears to up the risk for cognitive decline, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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High Cutaneous Melanoma Burden Found Due to UV Radiation

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In the United States, the proportion of cases of cutaneous melanoma and age-standardized incidence rates attributable to ultraviolet (UV) radiation vary across states, but the burden is considerable in all states, according to a study published online Feb. 17 in the International Journal of Cancer.

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Chinese Report Says Majority of Coronavirus Cases Are Mild

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — New details on nearly 45,000 cases of COVID-19 in China show that 80 percent of cases are mild and the number of new cases has been declining for most of February.

AP News Article

More Information: CDC

Guidelines Issued for Insomnia, Sleep Apnea in Current, Former Soldiers

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a new practice guideline, published online Feb. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, recommendations are presented for the screening, evaluation, and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic insomnia disorder in military personnel and veterans.

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Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors Protect the Heart

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors protect against cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a review published in the Feb. 4 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Amlodipine Better BP Drug for Lower Long-Term Risk for Gout

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The antihypertensive medication amlodipine is associated with a lower risk for gout compared with other antihypertensive agents, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in the Journal of Hypertension.

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U.S. Life Expectancy to Reach 85 by 2060

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Nearly a quarter of all U.S. residents will be older than 65 by 2060, and life expectancy will reach an all-time high of 85 by that year, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

AP News Article

CDC: Coronavirus Spreads Most Easily When Patients Are Sickest

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Coronavirus is most infectious when patients are at the peak of their illness, health officials from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Friday.

AP News Article

More Information: CDC

Telemarketer Access to Medicare Information to Be Investigated

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — An investigation into how telemarketers may be obtaining seniors’ personal Medicare information will be launched by the U.S. Health and Human Services inspector general office.

AP News Article

More Information: HHS

Medtronic MiniMed 600 Series Insulin Pumps Recalled

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More than 322,000 MiniMed 600 Series Insulin Pumps have been recalled by Medtronic due to a defect that could cause them to malfunction and put users at risk for serious harm or death.

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FDA Requests Market Withdrawal of Belviq Due to Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A clinical trial of the weight-loss drug Belviq (lorcaserin) shows an association with an increased risk for cancer, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is requesting that its maker withdraw the drug from the U.S. market.

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2010 to 2017 Saw >5,000 Travel-Linked Dengue Virus Cases in U.S.

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — During 2010 to 2017, there were 5,009 travel-associated and 378 locally acquired confirmed or probable dengue virus cases in the United States, according to research published in the Feb. 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Short-Course Rifamycin-Based Regimens Preferred for Latent TB

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), short-course rifamycin-based regimens are preferred over longer-course isoniazid monotherapy, according to guidelines published in the Feb. 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Cocoa Consumption May Improve Walking Performance in PAD

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Cocoa consumption may improve walking performance in individuals with peripheral artery disease (PAD), according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Circulation Research.

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Having More Sexual Partners Tied to Increased Odds of Cancer

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The odds of reporting cancer are increased for men and women with a history of 10 or more lifetime sexual partners, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health.

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Massachusetts Health Reform Tied to Decrease in Advanced Cancer

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Following state health reform, there was a decline in advanced-stage colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnoses in Massachusetts, according to a study published in the February issue of Medical Care.

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Exposure to PM2.5 Tied to Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Short-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with an increased risk for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), according to a study published in the January issue of The Lancet Planetary Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Subconcussive Head Impacts May Affect Neuro-Ophthalmologic Function

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Repetitive subconcussive head impacts may cause short-term impairment of neuro-ophthalmologic function, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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CDC: Some Coronavirus Testing Kits Sent to States Are Faulty

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Some coronavirus testing kits sent to state laboratories across the United States are flawed and do not provide accurate results, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

More Information

Coronavirus Cases, Deaths Rise Sharply

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — After charting a slight decline in spread earlier this week, new coronavirus cases in China jumped by almost 15,000 in a single day, while the death count spiked to 1,367, Chinese health officials reported Thursday, according to the Associated Press.

AP News Article

More Information: CDC

Sedentary Behavior, Activity Linked to Depression at Age 18

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Sedentary behavior throughout adolescence is associated with the risk for depressive symptoms at age 18 years, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text

Orthostatic Hypotension During HTN Tx Not Tied to CVD Events

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Orthostatic hypotension (OH) during hypertension treatment is not associated with a higher risk for cardiovascular disease events, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Hypertension.

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More Lung Cancer Patients Presenting With Cough, Dyspnea

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The proportion of lung cancer patients with an index symptom of cough or shortness of breath has increased over time, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in the British Journal of General Practice.

Abstract/Full Text

Caregivers Are in Need of Better Health Care Coverage, Access

THURSDAY, Feb. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Unpaid adult caregivers are at higher risk for not having insurance and putting off necessary health services due to cost, according to a study recently published in Rehabilitation Psychology.

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2011 to 2018 Saw Decline in Problems Paying Medical Bills

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2011 to 2018, there was a decrease in the percentage of families having problems paying medical bills in the past 12 months, according to a February data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Studies Explore Prevalence of Skin Cancer Among Sexual Minorities

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of skin cancer among sexual minorities and transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) adults is explored in two studies published online Feb. 12 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Congo Ebola Outbreak Seems to Be Easing

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Experts are “very encouraged” after just three new Ebola cases were reported in the past week in eastern Congo, World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said Tuesday.

AP News Article

Coronavirus Spread Slows, but Death Toll Jumps to 1,113

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — While the number of new cases of coronavirus in China slowed on Wednesday, the death count has now risen to 1,113, Chinese health officials reported.

AP News Articles

More Information: CDC

S. aureus Colonization Increased in Skin Lesions in Lupus Patients

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have increased colonization with Staphylococcus aureus in cutaneous lupus erythematosus lesions, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

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2002 to 2018 Saw Increases in Heroin Use, Use Disorder, Injection

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of heroin use, heroin use disorder, and heroin injection increased from 2002 to 2018, according to a research letter published in the Feb. 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Nonpharmaceutical Interventions Aid Low Back Pain

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Movement-based mind-body interventions (MMBIs), particularly yoga, are effective for reducing low back pain, according to a review published in the January/February issue of Holistic Nursing Practice.

Abstract/Full Text

Survival Similar for Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Peritoneal dialysis (PD) and in-center hemodialysis (HD) carry similar survival benefits, according to a review published online Jan. 28 in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation.

Abstract/Full Text

Young Cancer Survivors at Higher Risk for Hospitalization

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors (aged 15 to 39 years) have an increased risk for inpatient hospitalization, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Rates of Liver Disease High Among World Trade Center Responders

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — World Trade Center (WTC) responders have a three times higher rate of liver disease compared with non-WTC responders, according to a study recently published in Clinical Imaging.

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Adding Maraviroc to c-ART No Better in Advanced HIV

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients initiating therapy for advanced HIV, the addition of maraviroc, an antiretroviral drug with immunologic effects, to standard combined antiretroviral therapy (c-ART) does not improve clinical outcomes, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Coronavirus Fears Have U.S. Pharmacies Running Out of Face Masks

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — As millions in China scramble to find and wear face masks they believe will protect them against the new coronavirus, many Americans are trying to do the same.

National Community Pharmacists Association

AP News Article

Coronavirus Death Toll Tops 1,000; 13th U.S. Case Confirmed

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More than 1,000 deaths and close to 43,000 illnesses have now been confirmed in the coronavirus outbreak that continues to rage in China, while a 13th U.S. case was reported late Monday.

AP News Articles

More Information: CDC

Use of General Anesthesia May Up Risk for Postpartum Depression

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — General anesthesia for cesarean delivery is associated with increased odds of severe postpartum depression (PPD), suicidal ideation, and self-inflicted injury, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in Anesthesia & Analgesia.

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Genetic Basis for Testosterone Levels Differs According to Sex

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The genetic determinants of testosterone levels differ between the sexes, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in Nature Medicine.

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Short-Term Mortality Link Identified for Increased Ozone Exposure

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — An increase in ozone is associated with short-term mortality risks, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Few Adolescent Men Who Have Sex With Men Have Had HIV Test

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Few adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM) have had an HIV test, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in Pediatrics.

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Empathy Declines as Students Progress Through Medical School

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Students become less empathic toward patients throughout medical school, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in Academic Medicine.

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CDC Outlines U.S. Process of Evaluating Patients for 2019-nCoV

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Recognizing individuals at risk for 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection is a key part of facilitating infection control and prevention and limiting transmission, according to research published in the Feb. 7 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Seniors Have Concerns About Affording Health Insurance

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Many adults aged 50 to 64 years are concerned about their ability to afford health insurance, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Man Residing in China First U.S. Citizen to Die From Coronavirus

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A 60-year-old man living in Wuhan, China, has become the first American citizen to die from the new coronavirus that first surfaced in the Chinese city.

The Washington Post Article

More Information: CDC

Uninsured Rate in Diabetes Belt Dropped With Medicaid Expansion

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Medicaid expansion driven by the Affordable Care Act was associated with greater reductions in uninsurance rates in Diabetes Belt versus non-Belt counties, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Diabetes Care.

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Single Dose of HPV Vaccine May Cut Preinvasive Cervical Disease

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Receipt of one, two, or three doses of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among females aged 15 to 19 years is associated with reduced incidence of preinvasive cervical disease at five years compared to that seen in unvaccinated females, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in Cancer.

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Higher Birth Weight May Improve Cardiorespiratory Fitness Later

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Higher birth weight for births at-term are associated with greater cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in young adulthood regardless of body mass index, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Chinese Doctor Among First to Warn About Coronavirus Dies From Virus

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The Chinese doctor who was silenced by authorities when he was one of the first to sound the alarm about the coronavirus has died from the virus, according to the hospital where he was being treated.

The New York Times Article

Arterial Stiffness Increased Within Year of Final Menstrual Period

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Changes in arterial stiffness are greater within one year of a woman’s final menstrual period (FMP), according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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Evidence Lacking for Use of Bedside Sitters to Prevent Falls

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There is a lack of evidence to suggest that adding bedside sitters to usual care prevents falls for patients in acute care hospitals, according to a review published online Feb. 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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CT Scan Features Described for 2019 Novel Coronavirus Infection

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Key computed tomography (CT) findings have been characterized for patients infected with the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), according to research published online Feb. 4 in Radiology.

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Number of Nurse Practitioners More Than Doubled 2010 to 2017

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2010 to 2017, there was a substantial increase in the number of nurse practitioners in the United States, with a corresponding reduction in the size of the registered nurse workforce, according to a report published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

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More Americans Evacuated From China Due to Coronavirus

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More Americans have been evacuated from the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak in China, as U.S. health officials reported a 12th domestic case of coronavirus late Wednesday in Wisconsin. The number of deaths in China has surpassed 600, and the infection count has risen above 31,000.

The New York Times Article

More Information: CDC

More Information: FDA

GI Bleeding in OAC-Treated A-Fib Patients Indicates CRC Risk

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Lower-gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is associated with high risks for colorectal cancer in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in the European Heart Journal.

Abstract/Full Text

Experts Say U.S. Flavored E-Cigarette Products Ban Will Have Little Effect

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. ban on certain flavored e-cigarette products that takes effect Thursday will do little to stem teens’ use of nicotine, experts say.

NBC News Article

Meta-Analyses Link Rosiglitazone to Increased Cardiovascular Risk

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Rosiglitazone seems to be associated with an increased cardiovascular risk, particularly heart failure, according to data from a systematic review and meta-analyses published online Feb. 5 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

WHO Seeks $675 Million for Coronavirus Fight

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The World Health Organization is seeking $675 million to help countries deal with the expected spread of the new coronavirus that originated in China.

AP News Article

World Health Organization

Kratom Seems Safe for Pain, Anxiety, Opioid Withdrawal

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Kratom is used for symptoms of pain, anxiety, depression, and opioid withdrawal, and serious adverse events are uncommon, according to a the results of a survey published online Feb. 3 in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

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Repeated Measures of 9/11-Related PTSD Tied to Mortality

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Based on repeated measures, 9/11-related probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with an increased mortality risk, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Many Americans Misinformed About Heart Disease Prevention

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Many Americans are misinformed about the risk for heart disease, particularly in women, and are confused about modifiable risk factors, according to a survey released by the Cleveland Clinic to coincide with American Heart Month.

Cleveland Clinic Press Release

Reference Pricing Linked to Lower Prices Paid by Employers

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Reference prices are associated with lower prices paid by employers and lower cost sharing by employees, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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Overweight and Obesity May Up Risk for Several Common Cancers

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Hospital-diagnosed overweight and obesity is associated with an increased risk for several common cancers, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Cluster Headache Ups Sickness Absence, Disability Pension Days

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Patients with cluster headache have more sickness absence and disability pension days than matched references, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in Neurology.

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Some Lifestyle Changes Suffer With Start of Meds to Cut CV Risk

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Initiation of antihypertensive and statin medication is associated with favorable and unfavorable lifestyle changes, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Lung Cancer Incidence Rates Up for Young Women Versus Men

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In recent years, a trend has emerged for higher lung cancer incidence rates among young women versus young men, and these findings are widespread across countries, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the International Journal of Cancer.

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Industry Ties May Bias Indoor Tanning Studies

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Although they comprise a small percentage of all published articles, articles with financial links to the indoor tanning industry are more likely to favor indoor tanning, according to a review published online Feb. 4 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

H. pylori Eradication Cuts Gastric Cancer Risk in Those With Family History

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among those who have Helicobacter pylori infection and a family history of gastric cancer in first-degree relatives, eradication treatment for H. pylori reduces the risk for gastric cancer, according to a study published in the Jan. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Soldiers With Traumatic Brain Injury at Risk for Mental Illness

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — U.S. combat soldiers who have suffered a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) are more likely to experience a range of mental health disorders than soldiers with other serious injuries, according to a study recently published in Military Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

New Study Finds an Egg a Day Does Not Increase Cardiovascular Risk

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — One egg per day is not tied to an increase in the risk for heart disease, including cholesterol levels, according to a study published onlune Jan. 21 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Negotiated Prices, Formulary Could Cut Medicare Rx Spending

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Using negotiated prices and a defined formulary, similar to the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Medicare could save billions of dollars on prescription insulin for patients with diabetes, according to a research letter published online Feb. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Tramadol Linked to Increased Hip Fracture Risk in Adults Aged ≥50

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For older adults, initiation of tramadol is associated with an increased risk for hip fracture compared with initiation of codeine, ibuprofen, and other commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Blood Mercury Levels Linked to Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Blood mercury (Hg) levels are associated with nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Second Coronavirus Death Reported Outside China

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — While health experts fear that the coronavirus outbreak in China will become a pandemic as infections topped 20,600 worldwide, the second death outside China was reported in Hong Kong on Tuesday.

The New York Times Article

More Information: CDC

Patient Decision Aid Informs Patients on Lung Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Use of a patient decision aid (PDA) results in more informed decisions about lung cancer screening compared with standard educational information (EDU), according to a study published online Jan. 31 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Suicide Rates Higher for Individuals With Neurological Disorders

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Rates of suicide are significantly higher for individuals diagnosed with a neurological disorder versus the general population, according to a study published in the Feb. 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Drop in Visits to Primary Care Providers Seen for Insured Adults

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2008 to 2016, there was a decrease in commercially insured adults’ visits to primary care providers (PCPs), according to a study published online Feb. 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Many Antibiotic Rx Filled Without Infection-Related Diagnosis

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Large proportions of antibiotic prescriptions for Medicaid patients are filled without evidence of infection-related diagnoses or clinician visits, according to a report published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

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Higher Pollution Levels May Up Severity of Rhinitis Symptoms

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Patients with rhinitis who live in high-pollution areas are more likely to report severe nasal symptoms, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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More Than One in 10 Deployed Soldiers Thinks About Suicide

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Major depressive disorder (MDD) and noncombat trauma are important factors tied to suicide ideation (SI) risk during combat deployment, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Meat, Poultry, Not Fish, May Up Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among U.S. adults, intake of processed meat, unprocessed red meat, and poultry, but not fish, is associated with an increased risk for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online Feb. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Costs of ART Regimens Increasing, Outpacing Inflation

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Initial regimens recommended for most people with HIV (PWH) are priced above $36,000 per year, with antiretroviral therapy (ART) cost increases exceeding the inflation rate, according to a research letter published online Feb. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Vegetarian Diet Tied to Lower Risk for Urinary Tract Infection

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A vegetarian diet is associated with a reduced risk for urinary tract infection (UTI), according to a study published online Jan. 30 in Scientific Reports.

Abstract/Full Text

Modeling Studies Show Cervical Cancer Could Be Eliminated

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Two modeling studies show how cervical cancer could be eliminated and mortality could be reduced, according to two studies published online Jan. 30 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text – Brisson

Abstract/Full Text – Canfell

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Spread of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak Estimated

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Multiple major cities in China are estimated to have imported cases of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and epidemics are estimated to be growing exponentially in those cities, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text

Experimental Antiviral Drug to Be Tested Against New Coronavirus

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A clinical trial to test an experimental antiviral drug’s effectiveness against the new coronavirus will be conducted in China as it battles a coronavirus outbreak there.

Bloomberg News Article

More Information: CDC

Altering Default Settings in EHR Influences Opioid Prescribing

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Altering the default settings in the electronic medical record can influence the quantity of opioids prescribed in an emergency department setting, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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U.S. Adult Immunization Schedule Updated for 2020

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a clinical guideline published online Feb. 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) outlines its 2020 Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule.

Abstract/Full Text

Cigarette Use Down, E-Cigarette Use Up Among Teens

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Cigarette use is dropping among teens, but electronic cigarette use is on the rise, according to a study published online Feb. 3 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Whether HPV Vaccination Will Prevent Cervical Cancer Unclear

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Methodological problems and study limitations for trials of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine create uncertainty about its ability to prevent cervical cancer in the long term, according to a review published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Clinical Characteristics ID’d for 99 Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a descriptive study published online Jan. 29 in The Lancet, clinical characteristics are presented for the first 99 patients with the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV).

Abstract/Full Text – Chen

Abstract/Full Text – Lu

Steep Increase Seen in Incidence of CRC From Age 49 to 50 Years

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There are steep incidence increases in colorectal cancer from age 49 to 50 years, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

More Naloxone Orders Filled When Pharmacists Can Dispense

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A change in the law allowing pharmacists to dispense naloxone correlated with a large increase in the number of naloxone orders dispensed in Ohio, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Cambridge Multimorbidity Score Robust for Predicting Outcomes

MONDAY, Feb. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The Cambridge Multimorbidity Score is robust for predicting key outcomes, according to a study published online Feb. 3 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

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