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February 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Flu Vaccination During Pregnancy Does Not Cause Miscarriage

THURSDAY, Feb. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An influenza vaccine cannot cause a pregnant woman to miscarry, researchers say.

CNN Article

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Dietary Monitoring Key to Successful Weight Loss

THURSDAY, Feb. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The frequency of dietary self-monitoring is significantly associated with weight loss, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Obesity.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: Progress in HIV Prevention Has Stalled in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The battle against new HIV infections has lost some steam in recent years, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Achievement of Targets in T2DM Varies by Season

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is seasonal variation in achievement of the guideline targets for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol among persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Stewardship Programs Decrease Inpatient Fluoroquinolone Rx

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Fluoroquinolone stewardship interventions at hospitals are associated with less fluoroquinolone prescribing during hospitalization but not at discharge, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text

Sufficient Investment Could Reduce HIV Epidemic by 2030

TUESDAY, Feb. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — New HIV infections could be reduced and prevalence could begin to decline by 2030 with sufficient investment, including meeting 95 percent targets for diagnosis, care retention, and viral suppression by 2025, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in AIDS and Behavior.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Poor Food Intake Common in Hospitalized Patients

MONDAY, Feb. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Approximately one-third of adult inpatients are at risk for malnutrition and poorer outcomes due to not eating their meals, despite being allowed to eat, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

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Classroom Initiative Ups Participation in School Breakfast

TUESDAY, Feb. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A breakfast-in-the-classroom initiative increases participation in the federal School Breakfast Program but has an unintended consequence of increasing the incidence and prevalence of obesity, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Prognostic Bleeding Risk Models Developed for Aspirin Use

MONDAY, Feb. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Prognostic bleeding risk models that can estimate the absolute bleeding harms of aspirin have been developed for individuals in whom aspirin is being considered for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online Feb. 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA: Thermography No Substitute for Mammograms

MONDAY, Feb. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Despite claims to the contrary, thermography should not be used in place of mammography for breast cancer screening, detection, or diagnosis, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Some Characteristics Unique to Depression Before, After Birth

MONDAY, Feb. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Several unique characteristics are linked with depression at different time points before and after giving birth, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the Journal of Neuroscience Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Incidence of Acute Myocardial Infarctions Up Among Young Women

MONDAY, Feb. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The incidence of acute myocardial infarctions (AMI) has increased among younger women, and sedentary time is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among women, according to two studies published in the Feb. 19 issue of Circulation, a “Go Red for Women” theme issue on cardiovascular disease in women.

Abstract/Full Text – Arora

Editorial

Abstract/Full Text – Bellettiere

Serious Medical Outcomes Reported With Kratom Exposure

MONDAY, Feb. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Kratom, or Mitragyna speciosa, exposure is associated with serious medical outcomes, especially as part of multiple-substance exposure, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in Clinical Toxicology.

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Prenatal Care Inadequate for Moms With Child Taken Into Care

MONDAY, Feb. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Mothers with a history of having a child taken into care by child protection services have an increased risk for inadequate prenatal care in a future pregnancy, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Nonmedical Rx Opioid Use in Teens Linked to Parental Use

MONDAY, Feb. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nonmedical prescription opioid (NMPO) use in adolescents is associated with parental NMPO use and with smoking and parent-adolescent conflict, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

National Health Spending Set to Increase 5.5 Percent Annually

FRIDAY, Feb. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — National health spending is projected to increase at an annual rate of 5.5. percent from 2018 to 2027, with fundamental economic and demographic factors the main drivers, according to a report published online Feb. 20 in Health Affairs.

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Most Patients Do Not Disclose Complementary Medicine Use

FRIDAY, Feb. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Just one-third of users of biologically based complementary medicine (CM) disclose their use to traditional health care providers, according to a review published online Feb. 7 in Scientific Reports.

Abstract/Full Text

One-Third of PCPs Discuss Breast Cancer Treatments With Patients

FRIDAY, Feb. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — One-third of primary care providers (PCPs) report participating in breast cancer treatment decisions, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Cancer.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Intervention Can Reduce Orders for Inpatient Urine Cultures

FRIDAY, Feb. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An intervention that makes changes to urine testing orderables can reduce the urine culturing rate, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA Advances Regulation to Ensure Sunscreen Safety, Efficacy

THURSDAY, Feb. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration took steps Thursday to tighten regulation of over-the-counter sunscreen products.

More Information: FDA

More Information: EWG

8 More U.S. Communities to Be Assessed for PFAS Toxin Exposure

THURSDAY, Feb. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Eight additional communities near current or former U.S. military installations that will be included in assessments of human exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) were announced Thursday by federal officials.

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2005 to 2015 Saw Drop in Primary Care Physician Supply

THURSDAY, Feb. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2005 to 2015, there was a decrease in primary care physician supply per capita in the United States, with increased supply associated with lower mortality, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

U.S. Agencies Probing Johnson & Johnson Over Asbestos in Talc

THURSDAY, Feb. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Johnson & Johnson is being investigated by the U.S. Justice Department and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission over possible asbestos contamination of the company’s baby powder and other talc-based products.

The New York Times Article

More Information – American Cancer Society

Vertical Integration Has Little Impact on Quality Measures

THURSDAY, Feb. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Vertical integration between hospitals and physicians has little impact on quality measures, while increased hospital market concentration is strongly associated with reduced quality in measures of patient satisfaction, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Medical Care Research and Review.

Abstract/Full Text

Experimental Test May Quickly Diagnose Sepsis

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A blood test that can quickly diagnose dangerous sepsis infections has been developed, according to research published in the Feb. 1 issue of Biosensors and Bioelectronics.

CNN Article

Abstract/Full Text

FDA Head Says Feds May Intervene to Cut Vaccine Exemptions

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. government may have to take steps to reduce vaccine exemptions for children if states do not do it, the head of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration suggested. His comments come as measles outbreaks rage in a number of states. Those outbreaks could have been prevented if children had all been vaccinated. But nearly all states allow children to attend school even if their parents opt out of inoculation programs, CNN reported.

CNN Article

Eating Nuts Tied to Reduced CVD Incidence, Death in T2DM Patients

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Higher consumption of nuts, especially tree nuts, is associated with reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Circulation Research.

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Deep Learning-Enhanced Device Detects Diabetic Retinopathy

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A deep learning-enhanced device can accurately detect diabetic retinopathy (DR), according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prenatal Fluconazole Exposure Increases Neonatal Risks

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Maternal exposure to fluconazole during pregnancy may increase the risk for spontaneous abortion, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Black-White Cancer Mortality Gap Decreasing in Some Age Groups

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cancer death rates are decreasing faster in blacks than whites in the United States, according to a report published online Feb. 14 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: Salmonella Cases Tied to Raw Turkey Products Now at 279

TUESDAY, Feb. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Sixty-three more cases of illness in a Salmonella outbreak linked to raw turkey products have been reported since Dec. 21, 2018, bringing the total number to 279, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says in an update.

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FDA Warns About ‘Miracle’ Young Blood Infusion Treatments

TUESDAY, Feb. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The use of plasma infusion therapies (often called “vampire” treatments, in which people undergo infusions of a young donor’s blood) is on the rise across the United States, often costing thousands of dollars per treatment, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Low Vitamin D Tied to High Blood Glucose Levels in Women

TUESDAY, Feb. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations appear to be associated with high blood glucose levels in women, according to a study recently published online in Menopause.

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FDA Approves First Customizable Insulin Pump

FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The Tandem Diabetes Care t:Slim X2 insulin pump, which allows a patient to customize treatment, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Hospital Prices Growing Faster Than Physician Prices

FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Growth in hospital prices and payments outpaced growth in physician prices and payments from 2007 through 2014, according to a report published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

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CDC: Heterosexual Syphilis Transmission Up for Drug Users

FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A substantial proportion of heterosexual syphilis transmission seems to be occurring among those who use drugs, especially methamphetamine, according to research published in the Feb. 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Primary Care Providers Can Improve Diabetic Retinopathy Screening

FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) in primary care settings has the potential to reach most U.S. adults with diabetes, according to a brief report published online Jan. 31 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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CDC: Severity of Influenza Season Low Through Feb. 2, 2019

THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The 2018 to 2019 influenza season has been low in severity so far, and overall vaccine effectiveness is about 47 percent, according to two reports published in the Feb. 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text – Blanton

Abstract/Full Text – Doyle

High Rates of MenB Vaccination Advised in University Outbreaks

THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Achieving high serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccination coverage is recommended following university-based outbreaks of meningococcal disease caused by serogroup B, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text

Physical Activity Down Across Chronic Disease Subgroups

THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — People with a wide variety of chronic diseases are less physically active than individuals without chronic diseases, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

Abstract/Full Text

Risk for MRSA Reduced With Postdischarge Decolonization

THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), postdischarge MRSA decolonization is associated with a reduced risk for infection, according to a study published in the Feb. 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Human Milk Microbiota Shaped by Maternal Factors, Feeding Method

THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Compared with direct breastfeeding, indirect breastfeeding with pumped milk is associated with the depletion of oral bacteria and a higher abundance of potential pathogens, according to a study published in the Feb. 13 issue of Cell Host & Microbe.

Abstract/Full Text

Rates of Osteonecrosis of the Jaw Low for Denosumab-Treated Women

THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For denosumab-treated women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, invasive oral procedures and events (OPEs), including dental implants, tooth extraction, natural tooth loss, scaling/root planning, and jaw surgery, are common and associated with osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), although the overall rate of ONJ is low, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Subsymptom Threshold Exercise Speeds Concussion Recovery

THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For adolescent athletes, subsymptom threshold aerobic exercise prescribed during the first week after sport-related concussion (SRC) speeds recovery, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Sinks by Toilets in ICU Patient Rooms Harbor Harmful Bacteria

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Sinks next to toilets in hospital patient rooms may be reservoirs for Klebsiella pneumonia carbapenemase (KPC), according to a brief report published in the January issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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CDC: Student Tobacco Use Increased From 2017 to 2018

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2017 to 2018, there was an increase in any tobacco use, especially electronic cigarette use, for high school and middle school students, according to research published online Feb. 11 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

USPSTF Recommends Counseling to Prevent Perinatal Depression

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians provide or refer counseling interventions for pregnant or postpartum women at increased risk for perinatal depression. This recommendation forms the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Feb. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Recommendation Statement

Evidence Review

Editorial 1

Editorial 2

Editorial 3 (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial 4 (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Care Spending Per Person Increased to $5,641 in 2017

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2017, health care spending per person reached $5,641, according to the Health Care Cost Institute (HCCI) annual Health Care Cost and Utilization Report.

Health Care Cost and Utilization Report

Many Systematic Reviews Do Not Fully Report Adverse Events

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many systematic review protocols in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) do not include adverse event reporting, according to a study published in the April issue of the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: Screening Policies for Critical Congenital Heart Dz Widespread

TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — All 50 states and the District of Columbia have implemented newborn screening policies for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD), although there are opportunities for improving data collection, according to research published in the Feb. 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Racial/Ethnic, Income Variation ID’d in the Opioid Epidemic

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is considerable race/ethnicity and income-level variation in the opioid epidemic, according to research published online Feb. 11 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text – Friedman Study

Abstract/Full Text – Research Letter 1 (subscription or payment may be required)

Abstract/Full Text – Research Letter 2 (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Fitness, Obesity Linked to Later Disability Pension

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among men, low cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity in adolescence are associated with an increased risk for later receipt of a disability pension, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Many Children Not Receiving Needed Mental Health Treatment

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — About half of the estimated 16.5 percent of U.S. children with a treatable mental health disorder do not receive needed treatment from a mental health professional, according to a research letter published online Feb. 11 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Rates of Diabetes Screening High Among Adults Age ≥45

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Rates of diabetes screening are high, with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) used less but more likely to result in clinical diagnosis, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in Diabetes Care.

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Children With Autism More Often Have Sleep Problems

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have sleep problems compared with other children, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

More Than a Half Million Deaths From Breast Cancer Averted

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 1989 to 2018, between 384,046 and 614,484 cumulative breast cancer deaths are estimated to have been averted, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in Cancer.

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Women Less Likely to Get Periop Care Before Hip Fracture Surgery

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Although more women have hip fracture surgery, they are less likely to receive perioperative geriatric care and anesthesia consultations, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Measles Outbreak Triggers Sharp Rise in Demand for Vaccine

FRIDAY, Feb. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Health clinics in Clark County, Washington, are scrambling to meet the sharply increased demand for measles vaccination as people seek protection during an outbreak of the highly contagious virus.

Kaiser Health News Article

High-Risk HPV Infection Linked to Increased Risk for CVD in Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with an increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online Feb. 7 in Circulation Research.

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CDC: Heart Attack Awareness Improved Since 2008

FRIDAY, Feb. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Since 2008, there has been an increase in the number of U.S. adults with awareness of heart attack symptoms and knowledge of the appropriate response to a heart attack, according to research published in the Feb. 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA: Number of U.S. Women With Breast Implant-Caused Cancer Has Increased

THURSDAY, Feb. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There has been an increase in the number of U.S. women diagnosed with a cancer caused by breast implants, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday.

NBC News Article

More Information: FDA

Letter to Health Care Providers

Dialysis Staff-Initiated CPR Ups Outcomes in Cardiac Arrest

THURSDAY, Feb. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in outpatient dialysis clinics, dialysis staff-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with improved outcomes, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

T2DM Initially Remits in Majority Who Undergo Gastric Bypass

THURSDAY, Feb. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is associated with high levels of type 2 diabetes remission at one year, although 27 percent relapse after five years, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in Diabetologia.

Abstract/Full Text

EEG-Guided Anesthesia Does Not Cut Postop Delirium in Seniors

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For older adults undergoing surgery, electroencephalogram (EEG)-guided anesthetic administration is not associated with a reduction in postoperative delirium, according to a study published in the Feb. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Recommendations Updated for Tonsillectomy in Children

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Recommendations have been updated for tonsillectomy in children; the revised clinical practice guideline was published in a supplement to the February issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Up With PCOS Regardless of BMI

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Irrespective of age and weight, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Antidepressant Overprescribing Appears Common in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Potential antidepressant overprescribing appears to be common among elderly patients and involves mostly newer antidepressants used for nonspecific psychiatric symptoms and subthreshold diagnoses, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Pharmacology Research & Perspectives.

Abstract/Full Text

Hypertensive Crisis Prevalent in Urban African-Americans

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The urban African-American population has a high prevalence of hypertensive crisis and hypertensive emergencies, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in Blood Pressure.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF Still Recommends Against Pancreatic Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Feb. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic adults. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Feb. 5 by the USPSTF.

Draft Recommendation Statement

Draft Evidence Review

Comment on Recommendation Statement

Reading, Math Scores No Different for Children With T1DM

TUESDAY, Feb. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Standardized reading and mathematics scores do not differ significantly for public schoolchildren with and without type 1 diabetes, according to a study published in the Feb. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Few Teens Meet Sleep, Exercise, Screen-Time Guidelines

TUESDAY, Feb. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Few adolescents meet sleep, physical activity, and screen-time guidelines concurrently, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Burden of Sudden Cardiac Death Higher in Black Men, Women

TUESDAY, Feb. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — African-Americans have a higher burden of sudden cardiac death (SCD) than whites, especially among women, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in Circulation.

Abstract/Full Text

Evidence of Therapeutic Efficacy Substantial for Cannabis Use

TUESDAY, Feb. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Most qualifying conditions for which patients are licensed to use cannabis medically have substantial or conclusive evidence of therapeutic efficacy, according to a report published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

AAP Releases 2019 Childhood Immunization Schedules

TUESDAY, Feb. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The 2019 recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedules have been issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics and published online Feb. 5 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

8 Questions Helpful for Assessing IBD in Primary Care

TUESDAY, Feb. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The CalproQuest, an eight-item questionnaire, is a feasible instrument for assessing patients for inflammatory bowel disease in primary care settings, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

Abstract/Full Text

Washington State Measles Cases Now at 48 Since Jan. 1

MONDAY, Feb. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There have been 48 confirmed cases of measles in Washington state since the start of the year as health officials struggle to stop the spread of the infectious disease.

CNN Article

Expanded Recall of Warfarin Level Monitoring Test Strips

MONDAY, Feb. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Certain lots of Roche Diagnostics test strips should not be used with CoaguChek test meter devices to check levels of the blood thinner warfarin because patients may get inaccurate results and be at risk for serious injury or death, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says in an updated recall notice.

More Information

Updated ACIP Immunization Schedule Released for Adults

MONDAY, Feb. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has released its updated adult immunization schedule for 2019; the schedule was published online Feb. 5 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

E-Cigarette Use Linked to Cigarette Initiation in Adolescents

MONDAY, Feb. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Electronic cigarette use is associated with an increased risk for cigarette initiation and use in adolescents, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Some Obesity-Related Cancers Increasing in Younger Adults

MONDAY, Feb. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The incidence of some obesity-related cancers is increasing in younger generations, according to a study published online Feb. 3 in The Lancet Public Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Unrestrained Driver Predicts Unrestrained Child Passenger

MONDAY, Feb. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — An unrestrained driver is a strong predictor for having an unrestrained child passenger in both fatal and nonfatal crashes, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Pharmacist-Led Phone Follow-Up May Cut Readmission Rates

FRIDAY, Feb. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A pharmacist-led, postdischarge structured telephone follow-up (TFU) intervention can reduce 30-day and 90-day readmission rates for polypharmacy patients, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: Most Black HIV Patients Interviewed for Partner Services

FRIDAY, Feb. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More black index patients diagnosed with HIV are interviewed for partner services than all index patients combined, according to research published in the Feb. 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Maternal Glucose in Pregnancy Tied to Child’s Glucose Outcomes

FRIDAY, Feb. 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In utero exposure to higher levels of maternal glucose is associated with higher glucose levels and insulin resistance during childhood, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

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