Studies have recently shown SARS-CoV-2 present in stool of infected patients, suggesting transmission risk
WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a MedWatch Safety Alert on Tuesday about the potential risk for SARS-CoV-2 transmission with the use of fecal microbiota for transplantation (FMT) to treat Clostridioides difficile infection.
Recent data have shown that SARS-CoV-2 RNA and/or the SARS-CoV-2 virus is present in the stool of patients with the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 could be transmitted by FMT. Testing of nasopharyngeal specimens from stool donors for SARS-CoV-2 is not widely available at this time, so information on the sensitivity of directly testing stool for SARS-CoV-2 is limited.
The FDA directed health care workers to implement the following protections for any FMT with stool donated after Dec. 1, 2019: conduct donor screening to identify donors who may be or recently could have been infected with SARS-CoV-2; test donors and/or donor stool for SARS-CoV-2; develop criteria for excluding donors and donor stool based on screening and testing; and obtain informed consent from patients regarding the potential for transmission of SARS-CoV-2 via FMT, including FMT prepared from the stool of donors who are asymptomatic for COVID-19.
The FDA requests that any adverse events or side effects related to the use of FMT be reported to the MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program.