Home News December 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

December 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women’s Health for December 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Antiepileptic Drug Exposure Low in Breastfeeding Infants

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Among infants breastfed by mothers who are receiving drug therapy for epilepsy, antiepileptic drug (AED) concentrations in infant blood samples are substantially lower than those in maternal blood samples, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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Machine Learning System Makes More Alerts for Med Errors

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A machine learning system can generate clinically valid alerts for medication errors that might be missed with existing clinical decision support (CDS) systems, according to a study published in the January issue of The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety.

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Incidence of Early-Onset Gastric Cancer Increasing in the U.S.

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The incidence of early-onset gastric cancer has been increasing in the United States, and it seems to be distinct clinically and genetically from late-onset gastric cancer, according to a study recently published in Surgery.

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Maternal Exposure to Organic Pollutants May Cut Fetal Growth

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For pregnant women, exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is associated with reductions in fetal growth measures, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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China Convicts Scientists Claiming First Genetically Edited Babies

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The Chinese scientist who claimed he had created the first genetically edited babies in the world was sentenced to three years in prison for his research, the Chinese government said Monday.

AP News Article

CDC: Cases of Flu Continue to Mount Across America

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Flu continues to spread throughout the United States and has reached elevated levels in nearly every state, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Dense Breast Notifications May Not Be Having Intended Impact

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) — While dense breast notifications (DBNs) are mandated legislatively in more than 35 states, they may not be having their intended impact, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Case Study: Methylmercury Toxicity Found From Skin-Lightening Cream

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In a Notes from the Field report, published in the Dec. 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, doctors present the case of a California woman with significant central nervous system damage after using a skin-lightening cream from Mexico that contained toxic mercury.

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Protection Similar With Single, Multiple HPV Vaccine Doses

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — U.S. women who have received one dose of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine have similar protection as women who have received two or three doses, according to a research letter published online Dec. 27 in JAMA Network Open.

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Magnesium Inversely Linked to Risk for Coronary Heart Disease

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For postmenopausal women, dietary magnesium is inversely associated with fatal coronary heart disease (CHD), according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of Women’s Health.

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Liposuction Benefits Women With Lipedema

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Liposuction improves the quality of life for women with lipedema, according to a study published in the December issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Many Hospitals Fail to Provide Instructions for Patient Portals

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Many hospital patient portals fail to educate patients fully and set expectations for secure messaging, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Many Do Not Discuss Menopause Concerns With Their Provider

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The majority of women experience symptoms and health concerns associated with menopause, but more than one-third never discuss these concerns with health care providers, according to a report released by HealthyWomen and WebMD.

Aging Smart, Aging Well Report

Antioxidant, Supplement Use May Worsen Breast Cancer Outcomes

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of antioxidants and other dietary supplements before and during chemotherapy is associated with worse survival outcomes for patients with breast cancer, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Patient Share of Out-of-Network Costs Rising

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The out-of-pocket costs for out-of-network (OON) care grew rapidly for privately insured Americans from 2012 to 2017, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Managed Care.

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Prenatal Smoking Raises Risk for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Prenatal smoking is associated with higher odds of gestational diabetes mellitus, even after adjusting for other known risk factors, according to a study published in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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U.S. Incidence of Thyroid Cancer Plateaued in 2009

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2009 to 2016, the incidence of thyroid cancer reached a plateau and possibly started to decline, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Obesity May Up Cardiotoxicity Risk From Breast Cancer Therapy

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Obesity is associated with an increased risk for cardiotoxicity among patients receiving treatment for breast cancer, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in PLOS Medicine.

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Enrollment in Affordable Care Act Holds Steady for Third Straight Year

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Enrollment in Affordable Care Act coverage for next year has surpassed 8 million, a sign that many Americans still turn to the government health insurance program to help pay for their medical care.

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Age at Obesity Onset Tied to Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Women

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The age of onset of obesity and cumulative exposure to obesity are associated with the risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Diabetologia.

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Long Working Hours May Up Risk for Masked, Sustained HTN

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Long working hours are an independent risk factor for masked and sustained hypertension, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Hypertension.

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Aspirin May No Longer Have Effect in Primary CVD Prevention

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Aspirin may not be effective for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality, according to research published online Nov. 21 in Family Practice.

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Overt Hypothyroidism May Up All-Cause Mortality in the Elderly

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Hypothyroidism is significantly associated with increased all-cause mortality, but not cardiovascular mortality, among the elderly, according to a review published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Vitamin D Supplementation Alone May Not Reduce Fracture Risk

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Supplementation with vitamin D alone does not appear to reduce the risk for fracture, according to a review published online Dec. 20 in JAMA Network Open.

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HbA1c Minimally Adds to CVD Risk Prediction in Prediabetes

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For individuals with prediabetes, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) minimally adds to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Diabetes Care.

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RT for DCIS Ups Mortality Risk in Invasive Second Breast Cancer

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For women with primary ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), use of radiotherapy (RT) is associated with increased rates of breast cancer-specific mortality for those women who subsequently develop an invasive second breast cancer (SBC), according to a study published in the November issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Private Care Program for U.S. Vets Gets $8.9 Billion in Budget Deal

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A controversial program meant to get more U.S. veterans to use private health care received $8.9 billion as part of a government spending bill approved by the House.

AP News Article

Sustained Weight Loss at 50+ May Lower Risk for Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For women aged ≥50 years, sustained weight loss is associated with a reduced breast cancer risk, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Menopause Linked to Increase in Sleep-Onset Insomnia

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Postmenopausal women more often have sleep-onset insomnia disorder and are more likely to screen positive for obstructive sleep apnea, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in Menopause.

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Antiretroviral Prescribing in Pregnancy Strays From National Guidelines

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For pregnant women with HIV, antiretroviral medication (ARV) prescribing practices do not align well with national guidelines, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in JAMA Network Open.

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Midlife Obesity in Women May Increase Risk for Dementia Later

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In women, midlife obesity is associated with increased risk for dementia later in life, while no clear associations are apparent for low body mass index (BMI), low caloric intake, or inactivity at baseline, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Neurology.

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Addition of Maintenance Olaparib Slows Advanced Ovarian Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Compared with placebo, the addition of olaparib to maintenance therapy with bevacizumab is associated with a significant progression-free survival benefit for patients with advanced ovarian cancer, according to a study published in the Dec. 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Obesity Projected to Affect Almost One in Two by 2030

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Nearly half of adults are projected to have obesity by 2030, according to a study published in the Dec. 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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FDA to Allow States to Import Prescription Drugs From Other Countries

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Federal health officials have unveiled plans to allow prescription drug imports from Canada and other foreign nations.

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Pregnancy-Related Heart Failure Tied to Higher Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) are more likely to have cancer before PPCM diagnosis and more likely to develop cancer after PPCM, according to a study published in the December issue of the JACC: CardioOncology.

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Deep Learning Model Predicts Future Breast Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A deep learning (DL) model can predict which women are at risk for subsequent development of breast cancer, with higher accuracy than density-based models, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in Radiology.

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Refined Carbs May Up Insomnia Risk in Postmenopausal Women

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Diets with a higher glycemic index (GI) may be a risk factor for insomnia in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Cannabis Use Disorder May Up Risk of Perioperative Heart Attack

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Active cannabis use disorder is associated with an increased perioperative risk of myocardial infarction, according to a study published in the December issue of Anesthesiology.

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USPSTF Recommends Behavioral Counseling for STI Prevention

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends behavioral counseling for sexually active adolescents and for adults with increased sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk. These recommendations form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Dec. 17 by the USPSTF.

Draft Recommendation Statement

Draft Evidence Review

Comment on Recommendation Statement

Black Men Have Higher Breast Cancer Rates for All Subtypes

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Black-white patterns in subtype-specific breast cancer incidence rates differ for men and women, with breast cancer rates higher for blacks than whites for all subtypes among men, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in JNCI Cancer Spectrum.

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Severe Maternal Morbidity, Mortality Both Up in Rural Areas

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Rural communities face greater severe maternal morbidity and mortality than urban communities, according to a report published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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Outcomes Worse for Rural Residents With Chronic Conditions

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Rural Medicare beneficiaries with complex chronic conditions have higher preventable hospitalization and mortality rates than their urban peers, which is partially explained by reduced access to specialists, according to a report published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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Consuming Ultraprocessed Food May Up Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Ultraprocessed food (UPF) consumption is associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to a study published online Dec. 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Remain High in U.S.

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The rate of in-hospital births with neonatal abstinence syndrome was 6.7 per 1,000 births in 2016, according to a research letter published online Dec. 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Many Long-Term Breast Cancer Survivors Die From Other Causes

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Non-breast cancer (non-BC) causes of death represent a considerable proportion of deaths among patients diagnosed with BC, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in Cancer.

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Domestic Abuse Increases Risk for Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is an association between a history of intimate partner violence (IPV) and the development of functional syndromes, including fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), in women, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

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Mindfulness Program May Help Lower Blood Pressure

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Participants in a mindfulness program have significant improvements in self-regulation skills and reductions in blood pressure, according to a small study published online Nov. 27 in PLOS ONE.

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Cesarean Section Not Linked to Obesity in Offspring

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — There is no association between elective or nonelective cesarean section with obesity in young adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in PLOS Medicine.

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Results Mixed for Twice-Daily APBI in Early Breast Cancer

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) delivered twice per day over one week to the tumor bed is noninferior to whole breast irradiation for preventing ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), but moderate late radiation toxicity and adverse cosmesis were more common with this regimen, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in The Lancet.

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Hahn Confirmed as New FDA Chief

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Stephen Hahn, M.D., was confirmed as commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in a 72-18 Senate vote on Thursday.

The New York Times Article

U.S. Will Have Three-Digit Number for Suicide Prevention Hotline

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A new three-digit number in the United States to contact a suicide prevention hotline is being created by federal officials.

AP News Article

Prenatal, Early-Life Air Pollutant Exposure Tied to Later Allergies

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The cumulative effect of multiple indoor air pollutant exposures prenatally and early in life may influence allergies in 2-year-olds, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Evidence Supports Use of High-Dose Aspirin for Migraine

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Evidence supports the use of high-dose aspirin for treating acute migraine and low-dose aspirin for prevention of recurrent attacks, according to a review recently published in the American Journal of Medicine.

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Potentially Nephrotoxic Meds Prescribed to Children With CKD

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Potentially nephrotoxic medications are prescribed at a higher rate to children with versus without chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Cost Saving-Related Rx Nonadherence Found for 7 Percent With HIV

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Seven percent of persons with HIV infection report cost saving-related nonadherence to prescription medication, according to research published in the Dec. 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Antibiotics Often Prescribed Without Documented Indication

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A considerable proportion of antibiotics are prescribed without a documented indication, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in The BMJ.

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Exposure to PM2.5 Linked to Decline in Episodic Memory

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Long-term exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm (PM2.5) contributes to decline in free recall/new learning among older women, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in Brain.

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Many Pregnant Women Not Meeting Nutritional Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant may not be meeting dietary guidelines and/or nutritional recommendations, according to a review published Dec. 2 in Maternal & Child Nutrition.

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Current Tobacco Use Prevalent in Middle, High School Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Almost one-third of high school students report current use of tobacco products, according to research published in the Dec. 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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U.S. Primary Care Doctors Face Challenges in Coordinating Care

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Physicians from the United States and other high-income countries report difficulties with care coordination, with a substantial proportion of U.S. physicians not receiving timely notification or the information needed from specialists or other sites of care, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Health Affairs.

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Breastfeeding May Protect Against Postpartum Relapses in MS

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Breastfeeding may be protective against postpartum relapses in multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a review and meta-analysis published online Dec. 9 in JAMA Neurology.

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Low-Dose Aspirin May Cut Dementia Risk in Women With Diabetes

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Long-term use of low-dose aspirin may reduce the risk for dementia in women with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in Diabetes Care.

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Many With Diabetes Engage in Underground Exchange of Medications, Supplies

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with diabetes frequently engage in underground exchange activities for medications and supplies, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology.

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U.S. Health Care Spending Up 4.6 Percent in 2018

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2018, U.S. health care spending increased 4.6 percent, a faster rate than that seen in 2017, according to a report published online Dec. 5 in Health Affairs.

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2016 to 2019 Saw Increase in Medical Students With Disabilities

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — From 2016 to 2019, there was an increase in the proportion of medical students reporting disabilities, according to a research letter published in the Nov. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Supreme Court Upholds Kentucky Abortion Ultrasound Law

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A Kentucky law requiring physicians to perform ultrasounds and show fetal images to patients before abortions was upheld Monday by the U.S. Supreme Court.

AP News Article

Extending HPV Vaccination to Age 45 Provides Small Additional Benefit

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Extending the current human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program to age 45 years is expected to produce small additional reductions in HPV-associated diseases with high additional costs, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Distinct Populations of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death ID’d

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) can be classified into two groups based on the age of death, with distinct risk factors for sudden unexpected early neonatal deaths (SUENDs) and postperinatal SUIDs, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Half of U.S. Physicians Recommend Complementary Health Approaches

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than half of office-based physicians recommend complementary health approaches (CHAs) to their patients, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

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Rural Population Underrepresented Among Medical Students

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — In 2017, less than 5 percent of all incoming medical students were rural students, according to a study published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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FDA Testing Levels of Carcinogen in Diabetes Drug Metformin

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Levels of possible cancer-causing chemicals in metformin diabetes medications are under investigation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Retail Prescription Drug Prices Fall for First Time in 45 Years

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Retail prescription drug prices in the United States fell by 1 percent last year, a new government report shows.

AP News Article

Preterm Birth May Increase Risk for Diabetes Into Adulthood

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk for type 1 and type 2 diabetes from childhood into early and middle adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in Diabetologia.

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Social Media Use Tied to Disordered Eating in Young Teens

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Use of social media (SM), particularly platforms with a strong focus on images, is associated with disordered-eating (DE) thoughts and behaviors in young adolescents, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Reductions in Air Pollution Yield Substantial Health Gains

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Reductions in air pollution yield prompt and substantial health benefits, according to research published in the December issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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More Than 100 E. Coli Illnesses Now Linked to Romaine Lettuce

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Federal health officials are currently investigating a multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli infection linked to romaine lettuce thought to be grown in Salinas, California.

More Information: CDC

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Early-Onset CVD Rate Up for Children of Moms With Diabetes

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Children of mothers with diabetes have increased rates of early-onset cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online Dec. 4 in The BMJ.

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Permanent Hair Dye Use Linked to Increased Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Permanent hair dye use is associated with an increased risk for breast cancer, especially among black women, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the International Journal of Cancer.

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6.5 Percent of Adults Report Prescription Opioid Analgesic Use

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Overall, 6.5 percent of adults aged 20 years and older reported using a prescription opioid analgesic in the previous 30 days during 2013 to 2016, according to a report published in the December Health E-Stats, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Be Underdiagnosed in Women

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Men and women experience obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during REM sleep at similar rates, according to a study published online Nov. 5 in SLEEP.

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Services Affected by Rural Hospitals Joining Health Systems

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — While affiliating with health systems may boost a rural hospital’s financial viability, the affiliation is often associated with reductions in critical services, according to a study published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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Postpartum Opioid Prescription Rates Vary Widely by Hospital

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Postpartum opioid prescription rates vary widely among hospitals, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Maternal-Fetal Medicine.

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Adults Not Living in Metro Areas Have Reduced Access to Care

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Adults not living in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) are more likely to have reduced access to or use of health care services, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Physician Depressive Symptoms Tied to Higher Risk for Medical Errors

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Physicians showing depressive symptoms are at higher risk for medical errors, according to a review published Nov. 27 in JAMA Network Open.

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Infancy Nurse Visit Program May Reduce Public Benefit Costs

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — A prenatal and infancy nurse home visiting program is associated with reduced public benefit costs for low-income mothers and improved cognitive-related skills in their children, according to two studies published in the Dec. 1 issue of Pediatrics.

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Deportation Worry May Raise Risk for Hypertension in Women

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Deportation worry is associated with an increased risk for incident hypertension in women, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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T1DM May Up Progression of CAC During Menopausal Transition

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) — For women going through menopause, type 1 diabetes is associated with higher coronary artery calcium (CAC) volume and accelerated progression of CAC over time, according to a study published in the December issue of Diabetes Care.

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Prediabetes Prevalent in U.S. Adolescents, Young Adults

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of prediabetes is high in U.S. adolescents and young adults, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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General Fertility Rate Declined in United States in 2018

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The general fertility rate declined to 59.1 births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44 years in 2018 in the United States, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Fracture Risk Increased in Adults With Atopic Eczema

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Patients with atopic eczema have an increased risk for fracture, especially major osteoporotic fractures, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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