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August 2020 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Few U.S. Children Meet Guidelines for Exercise, Screen Time

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Few U.S. children meet all three guidelines for physical activity, screen time, and sleep, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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FDA Could Green-Light COVID-19 Vaccines Before Clinical Trials Completed

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Emergency use authorization (EUA) or approval for a COVID-19 vaccine before phase 3 clinical trials are complete could be considered by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, according to the agency’s commissioner, Stephen Hahn, M.D.

CNN Article

Use of Performance-Enhancing Substances Tied to Risk Behaviors

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Use of legal performance-enhancing substances (PES) in young adults is associated with an increased likelihood of future problematic alcohol use and drinking-related risk behaviors, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in Pediatrics.

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Pandemic May Have Delayed Type 1 Diabetes Diagnoses

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Many children may have delayed diagnosis of type 1 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Chlamydia, Gonorrhea Rates Up Among Young Women in the U.S.

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There has been an age shift in positivity for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among women, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Peaches Has Now Sickened 78 People

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A Salmonella outbreak linked to recalled peaches from Prima Wawona and Wawona Packing Co. LLC has now sickened 78 people in 12 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in an update Thursday. It said that 23 people have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 24 to 28, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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FDA Warns of Hand Sanitizers in Food-Like Packaging

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A warning about alcohol-based hand sanitizers in packaging that looks like food or drink has been issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Model Says COVID-19 Deaths Could Surpass 317,000 by December

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A widely cited model for COVID-19 deaths in the United States predicts a total of 317,000 deaths by December.

CNN Article

Proteomic Markers May Predict Psychosis in Those at Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In young people at risk for psychosis, proteomic biomarkers may help to individualize prognosis, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Low Rates of Severe Disease, Death Reported for Children With COVID-19

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Severe disease and death appear to be rare among children and young people hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, according to an observational study in the United Kingdom published online Aug. 27 in The BMJ.

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Many Opt for Genetic Testing of Embryos for Kidney Disease

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — About half of couples referred for counseling due to a family history of kidney disease opt for preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic kidney disease, and 65 percent of those experience one or more live births of an unaffected child, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Minority of Teens Receive Health Care Transition Planning

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A minority of adolescents with diagnosed mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders (MBDDs) receive recommended health care transition planning, according to research published in the Aug. 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Maine Summer Camps Identified, Isolated COVID-19 Cases

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Three COVID-19-positive people with no symptoms were successfully identified and isolated at four overnight camps in Maine, according to research published in the Aug. 26 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Parents Have Contradictory Views on Childhood Vaccines

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The vast majority of parents believe vaccines are the best way to protect their children from infectious diseases, yet two-thirds are still nervous to take their children to their pediatrician’s office during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the results of a survey released by Orlando Health.

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Smoking, High Early-Life BMI Projected to Add to MS Burden

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The combined estimated multiple sclerosis (MS) population-attributable fractions (PAFs) for smoking and childhood and adolescent high body mass index (BMI) vary from 11 to 14 percent in conservative estimates, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

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Changes to CDC COVID-19 Testing Guidelines Trigger Concern

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Experts are alarmed about revised U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines advising that people who do not have symptoms of COVID-19 do not need to be tested, even if they have recently been exposed to the new coronavirus.

The New York Times Article

Escitalopram Reduces Symptoms of Anxiety in Teens With GAD

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), escitalopram reduces symptoms of anxiety, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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Vitamin D Supplement No Benefit in Pediatric Persistent Asthma

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Vitamin D3 supplementation does not prolong the time to severe asthma exacerbation among children with persistent asthma and low vitamin D levels, according to a study published in the Aug. 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Asymptomatic Children Identified

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The pooled prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV02) in asymptomatic children is 0.65 percent and is significantly associated with the incidence of COVID-19 in the general population, according to a research letter published online Aug. 25 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Type 2 Diabetes May Negatively Impact Bone Density in Youth

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Type 2 diabetes may negatively impact bone density around the age of peak bone mass, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Maternal Caffeine Intake May Be Tied to Negative Pregnancy Outcomes

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Maternal caffeine consumption is associated with negative pregnancy outcomes, according to a review published online Aug. 24 in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.

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Pop Concert Held to Learn More About COVID-19 Spread

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — About 1,500 people attended a pop concert in Germany to help researchers learn how the new coronavirus spreads in such situations.

AP News Article

World’s First Confirmed Case of COVID-19 Reinfection Reported in Hong Kong

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The world’s first confirmed case of reinfection with the new coronavirus has been reported in Hong Kong.

The New York Times Article

Widespread Mask Use Could Save 70,000 U.S. Lives by Dec. 1

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There could be another 134,000 COVID-19 deaths in the United States by Dec. 1 if no new prevention measures are introduced, and the number of deaths could be much higher if rules are relaxed, researchers report. However, they also said that 70,000 lives could be saved if more people wore masks, CNN reported.

CNN Article

p16INK4a Expression Increased in Young Cancer Survivors

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Pediatric and young adult cancer survivors, frail versus robust survivors, and newly diagnosed pediatric patients after cancer therapy have increased expression of p16INK4a, corresponding with age acceleration, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Cancer.

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For Black Children With Autism, Diagnosis Occurs at About Age 5

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Diagnosis of African American children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) occurs at an average of 64.9 months, many months after parents’ first concerns about their child’s development, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Pediatrics.

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School-Located Influenza Vaccine Intervention Beneficial

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) intervention is associated with a reduction in the incidence of influenza hospitalization, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in PLOS Medicine.

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CDC: Risky Behaviors Common Among U.S. Teens

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Risky behaviors remain common among U.S. teens, according to the 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance report published as a supplement to the Aug. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 17 to 21, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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White House Blocks FDA’s Power to Regulate Lab Tests

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The Trump administration has blocked the U.S. Food and Drug Administration from regulating a wide swath of laboratory tests, including ones for COVID-19.

Washington Post Article

Extract From Deadly Plant Touted as COVID-19 Cure

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Experts have slammed claims by a major Trump donor that an extract from a deadly plant is a cure for COVID-19.

The New York Times Article

Adolescent Vaccinations Decreased During COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The decrease in vaccination orders seen during the COVID-19 pandemic could offset increases in vaccinations for adolescents from 2018 to 2019, according to research published in the Aug. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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ACIP Issues Recommendations for 2020 to 2021 Flu Vaccination

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations have been updated to include the influenza vaccination for the 2020 to 2021 season; the recommendations were published in the Aug. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Growth Retardation Found for Adolescents With Anorexia Nervosa

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) have growth retardation, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Exposure to Air Pollution Tied to New Asthma in Children

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Fine particulate matter contributes to the development of asthma and persistent wheezing in children, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in The BMJ.

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CDC: Mortality Rates Lowest for Infants of Normal-Weight Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Infants of women who are normal weight prepregnancy have the lowest total infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates, with increased rates seen for infants of women who are underweight or who have obesity prepregnancy, according to the Aug. 21 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Late Morbidity, Mortality Down for Survivors of Childhood ALL

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Contemporary survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have reduced late morbidity and mortality, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Michigan to Pay $600 Million to Flint Water Crisis Victims

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Victims of the Flint water crisis will receive about $600 million from the state of Michigan in a major settlement to be announced this week, two people with knowledge of the deal say.

The New York Times Article

Wawona Bagged Peaches Linked to Salmonella Outbreak

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A Salmonella outbreak that has sickened 68 people in nine states may be linked to Wawona-brand bagged peaches sold at ALDI stores, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday.

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Incidence of COVID-19 Up for American Indians, Alaska Natives

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The overall incidence of COVID-19 is increased among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) persons in the United States, according to research published in the Aug. 19 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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SARS-CoV-2 Nasopharyngeal Load Higher in Children Than Adults

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have the highest nasopharyngeal viral load in the first two days of symptoms, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Antibiotic Exposure Linked to Risk for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Higher cumulative exposure to antibiotics is associated with an increased risk for new-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online Aug. 17 in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

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Disparities Seen in COVID-19 Hospitalizations in Racial/Ethnic Subgroups

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There are considerable disparities in the prevalence of COVID-19 across racial/ethnic subgroups in the United States, according to a research letter published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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CDC: Recalled Onions Linked to 869 Salmonella Cases in 47 States

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Recalled onions have been linked to a Salmonella outbreak that has caused 869 illnesses in 47 states, according to an update late Tuesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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HHS: Pharmacists in All States Can Give Childhood Vaccinations

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Children can now be vaccinated by pharmacists in all 50 states as the U.S. government seeks to prevent a decline in routine vaccinations during the COVID-19 pandemic.

AP News Article

USPSTF Urges Behavioral Counseling to Prevent STIs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends behavioral counseling interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in adolescents and adults at increased risk. These recommendations form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Aug. 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report

Final Recommendation Statement

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Honey Beats Usual Care for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), honey seems superior to usual care, according to a review and meta-analysis published online Aug. 18 in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.

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Combination Therapy May Benefit Some With Kawasaki Disease

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Adding corticosteroids to initial intravenous immunoglobulin seems beneficial for preventing coronary artery abnormalities in high-risk patients with Kawasaki disease (KD), according to a study published online Aug. 19 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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COVID-19 Spread Among Students Prompts UNC to Return to Online Teaching

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a potential harbinger of what could unfold on college campuses across the United States this fall, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill said Monday it will revert back to online teaching after testing showed a rapid spread of COVID-19 among students.

The New York Times Article

Many Pediatric Practitioners Do Not Advise Waiting Between New Foods

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Most pediatric practitioners do not counsel families to wait three days or longer between introducing new foods for infants, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Diabetes Cuts Life Expectancy in U.K. by 6 Million Life Years

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Mortality resulting from poorly controlled diabetes could be associated with a loss of 6 million life years in the United Kingdom, according to a study recently published in Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Child Developmental Vulnerability Up With Maternal Depression

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Children exposed to maternal depression have an increased risk for developmental vulnerability at school entry, with stronger associations for exposure to maternal depression before age 1 year and between ages 4 and 5 years, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 10 to 14, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Excess Mortality During Peak of 1918 Flu Similar to COVID-19 in NYC

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Excess mortality during the peak of the 1918 H1N1 influenza pandemic was comparable to that seen early in the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak in New York City, according to a research letter published online Aug. 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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Lean Mass Lower in Survivors of Pediatric Abdominal, Pelvic Tumors

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Survivors of pediatric abdominal or pelvic tumors have lower lean mass in association with radiation doses and worse metabolic outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Positivity Rates of SARS-CoV-2 Low for Children in England

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Children in England had low positivity rates of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) during the first COVID-19 pandemic peak and also had a low case-fatality rate, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Return-to-School Recommendations Issued for Organ Transplant Recipients

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients, the decision of whether to return to school should be a shared decision between families, transplant professionals, and educators, according to an expert opinion article published online Aug. 4 in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

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More Than One-Third of U.S. Children Consume Fast Food

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More than one-third of U.S. children and adolescents consumed fast food on a given day during 2015 to 2018, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Outdoor Artificial Light at Night May Worsen Sleep in Teens

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Higher levels of outdoor artificial light at night (ALAN) are associated with less favorable sleep patterns as well as mood and anxiety disorders in adolescents, according to a study published online July 8 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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U.S. COVID-19 Death Tally Hits New High for Summer

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — America logged its highest single-day COVID-19 death total of the summer on Wednesday, as the toll from an earlier surge in cases in Sun Belt states continued to mount.

The New York Times Article

FDA Warns of Hand Sanitizers Tainted With 1-Propanol

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning people not to use hand sanitizers made by Harmonic Nature S de RL de MI in Mexico.

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Physicians Do Not See They Are Part of Antibiotic Rx Problem

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Primary care physicians generally do not recognize antibiotic resistance and inappropriate prescribing as issues in their practice, according to a study published in the July issue of Open Forum Infectious Diseases.

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CDC Updates Info on Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — As of July 29, there have been a total of 570 U.S. cases of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), according to research published in the Aug. 7 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Outcomes Worse With No Surgery for Cholecystitis in Pregnancy

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Contrary to current guidelines, most pregnant women admitted to U.S. hospitals for acute cholecystitis are managed nonoperatively, according to a study published online July 14 in the Annals of Surgery.

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Neonatal Adiposity Linked to Higher Childhood BMI Levels

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Higher neonatal adiposity is significantly associated with higher overall body mass index (BMI) levels at ages 2 to 6 years, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Maternal Weight Tied to Early-Onset Neonatal Bacterial Sepsis

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Risk for early-onset neonatal bacterial sepsis (EOS) increases with maternal overweight and obesity, particularly in term infants, according to a study recently published in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Burnout Less Likely for Doctors in Minority Race/Ethnic Groups

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Compared with non-Hispanic White physicians, physicians in minority racial/ethnic groups are less likely to report burnout, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

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U.S. Government to Buy 100 Million Doses of COVID-19 Vaccine From Moderna

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The Trump administration has agreed to pay $1.5 billion for 100 million doses of a COVID-19 vaccine from Moderna once it is approved, CNN reported Wednesday.

CNN Article

Bifocal Contact Lenses May Slow Children’s Myopia Progression

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among children with myopia, treatment with high add power multifocal contact lenses reduces the rate of myopia progression over three years compared with medium add power multifocal and single-vision contact lenses, according to a study published in the Aug. 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: Pediatric Hospitalizations for COVID-19 Increasing

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — While rates of hospitalization for children with COVID-19 remain low, they have been increasing, according to research published in the Aug. 7 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Environmental Factors Tied to Childhood Obesity

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Childhood obesity is associated with multiple environmental factors, including exposure to smoking and air pollution, according to a study recently published in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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E-Cigarette Use Linked to Increased Odds of COVID-19

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and dual use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes are associated with increased likelihood of COVID-19 diagnosis, according to a study published online Aug. 11 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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FDA Head Says Any Approved COVID-19 Vaccine Will Be Safe

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Stephen Hahn, M.D., the head of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, said Monday that the agency will not compromise safety when approving a COVID-19 vaccine, CNN reported.

CNN Article

SARS-CoV-2 Rates Up for Minority, Disadvantaged Children

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The rates of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are increased among minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged children, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Pediatrics.

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Prenatal Cannabis Exposure May Harm Child Neurodevelopment

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Cannabis use during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring by age 10 years, according to a study published Aug. 10 in Nature Medicine.

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Russia Approves COVID-19 Vaccine Before Trials Completed

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Before completing clinical trials to ensure the vaccine is safe and effective, the Russian government has gone ahead and approved a vaccine against the new coronavirus, The New York Times reported Tuesday.

The New York Times Article

Shared Decision Making Improves Youth Continuous Glucose Monitor Use

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Youth with diabetes who are involved with the decision to start continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) are more likely to continue using the technology, according to a study published online July 23 in Diabetes Care.

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Expanding Medicaid in Holdout States Could Insure 3.9 Million

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Expanding Medicaid to all states could reduce the number of uninsured by 28 percent based on pre-COVID-19 data, according to a report released by the Urban Institute and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Report: 97,000 U.S. Children Infected With COVID-19 in Late July

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — With millions of American children soon returning to school, a new study shows that at least 97,000 children were infected with COVID-19 during the last two weeks of July.

The New York Times Article

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children

FDA: Outbreak of Salmonella Infections Linked to Onions

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning consumers not to use onions recalled by Thomson International Inc. as they may be contaminated with Salmonella, which has sickened more than 900 people in the United States and Canada.

More Information: FDA

More Information: CDC

Two-Thirds of U.S. Adults Likely to Get COVID-19 Vaccine

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Two-thirds of U.S. adults say they would get a COVID-19 vaccine, according to the results of a survey released Aug. 6 by the COVID-19 Consortium for Understanding the Public’s Policy Preferences Across States.

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Four in 10 Children’s Behavioral Care Facilities Offer Autism Services

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Fewer than half of U.S. mental health treatment facilities providing care for children offer services for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a report published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

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Many U.S. Children Eligible for Type 2 Diabetes Screening

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Many children are eligible for type 2 diabetes screening, but few test positive for prediabetes or diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Pediatrics.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 3 to 7, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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300,000 American Deaths Projected by December Without More Face Mask Use

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — As the U.S. COVID-19 case count neared 5 million on Thursday, a new model predicted that nearly 300,000 Americans could die of COVID-19 by December if more people do not wear masks or practice better social distancing.

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Life Expectancy 78.60 Years for U.S. Population for 2009-2011

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Life expectancy for 2009 to 2011 was 78.60 years for the total U.S. population, with the highest life expectancy for Hispanic women, according to the Aug. 7 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Moderna Charging Much More for COVID-19 Vaccine Than Others

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Moderna is charging $37 a dose for its experimental vaccine, which is far more than what other companies say they plan to charge for their vaccines, CBS News reported Wednesday. Because two doses of the vaccine are needed to immunize people from COVID-19, total costs could be $74 per person.

CBS News Article

Scientists Call for Broader Use of Faster COVID-19 Tests

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — As COVID-19 cases continue to surge across America, scientists on Wednesday called for widespread adoption of simpler, less accurate tests, as long as they are given often and quickly.

The New York Times Article

Johnson & Johnson Makes $1 Billion Vaccine Deal

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. government will pay Johnson & Johnson $1 billion for 100 million doses of its vaccine if it is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the Washington Post reported Wednesday.

Washington Post Article

Seven States Join Pact to Speed COVID-19 Testing

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — As the daily U.S. COVID-19 death toll averaged more than 1,000 for the ninth straight day on Tuesday, governors from seven states banded together to shorten turnaround time for COVID-19 test results.

The New York Times Article

CNN Article

Experimental COVID-19 Vaccine Shows Encouraging Results

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Maryland-based Novavax said Tuesday that preliminary trials of an experimental COVID-19 vaccine were promising.

The New York Times Article

CDC Describes 238 Confirmed Cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) mainly occurs during August to November, and weakness onset is often preceded by prodromal fever, respiratory illness, or both, according to research published in the Aug. 4 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Health Plans Not Implementing Prior Authorization Reforms

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Physicians say prior authorization (PA) continues to interfere with patient care and can lead to adverse clinical consequences, according to the results of a survey released by the American Medical Association.

Press Release

Physician Survey

Study Looks at Optimal Strategy for Reopening Schools in U.K.

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Population-wide testing and effective contact tracing are necessary to prevent an epidemic rebound following school reopening in the United Kingdom; and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission rates were low in an educational setting in Australia, according to two studies published online Aug. 3 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

Abstract/Full Text – Panovska-Griffiths

Abstract/Full Text – Macartney

Editorial

Bisphenol A Linked to More Asthma Symptoms in Young Boys

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Higher levels of bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical used to make certain plastics and resins, may cause more severe asthma symptoms in children, according to a study published online July 28 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Abstract/Full Text

Most Studies Still Fail to Analyze Data by Sex

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The effect of gender is still largely ignored in scientific studies, according to a study published online June 9 in eLife.

Abstract/Full Text

Program Cuts Outpatient Antibiotic Rx for Peds Respiratory Infections

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A distance learning program is effective for reducing outpatient prescribing for pediatric acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) visits, according to a study published online Aug. 3 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Probiotics Not Recommended for Most Digestive Conditions

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Probiotics are not recommended for most digestive conditions, according to a clinical practice guideline issued by the American Gastroenterological Association and published online June 9 in Gastroenterology.

AGA Clinical Practice Guidelines

Technical Review

Early-Life Adversity Associated With Accelerated Biological Aging

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Early-life adversity (ELA) is associated with accelerated biological aging, although the associations vary as a function of adversity type, according to a review published online Aug. 3 in the Physiological Bulletin.

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Adverse Experiences More Common Among Children Raised by Grandparents

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Children in grandparent-led households are much more likely to have a history of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), according to a study published online Aug. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Short Video May Lower Parent Interest in Antibiotics for Child

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A 90-second animated video can reduce parents’ interest in receiving antibiotics for their child’s respiratory infection, according to a study published online June 15 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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38 Percent of Older Adults in U.S. Not Ready for Video Doctor Visits

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — An estimated 38 percent of all older adults in the United States are not ready for video visits with physicians, according to a research letter published online Aug. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Guidelines Indicate Breastfeeding Is Safe After Maternal Anesthesia

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Breastfeeding is safe after anesthesia, according to guidelines issued by the Association of Anaesthetists and published online July 31 in Anaesthesia.

Abstract/Full Text

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