E-Cigarettes May Threaten Goal of Achieving Tobacco Endgame

Concern increasing that use of newer tobacco products may catalyze transition to tobacco products, drugs

AAP: Nasal Spray Vaccine Against Flu Acceptable in 2019 to 2020

Based on current data, AAP Board of Directors says either injection or nasal spray vaccination OK

‘Brain Vital Signs’ Detect Concussion-Related Changes

Six brainwave metrics can detect even subclinical changes in nonconcussed hockey players

Complex Dosing, Polypharmacy Common With Interstitial Lung Disease

Patients receiving systemic corticosteroids are at high risk for drug-disease interactions

Having Affected Relatives Linked to Increased Alzheimer Risk

Increased Alzheimer disease risk seen with having affected first-, second-, or third-degree relatives

Prenatal High-Dose Vitamin D Not Linked to Asthma at Age 6

No significant difference seen in asthma diagnoses for children in high-dose vitamin D, placebo groups

Knee Pain Not Tied to Activity Levels in Knee Osteoarthritis

Neither inverted KOOS-pain nor P4 pain scale tied to physical activity

AAOS: Underweight Status Increases Shoulder Arthroplasty Complications

Physicians, health care systems should pay more attention to this 'extremely at-risk population'

CDC: 2000 to 2017 Saw Increase in Mortality Due to Dementia

Age-adjusted death rate was 66.7 deaths per 100,000 U.S. population in 2017

Troponin Assay Confusion May Cause Misdiagnosis of Acute MI

Overall, 5.4 percent of 20,000 patients had high-sensitivity troponin I concentration >40 ng/L

One-Month Regimen Noninferior for Preventing HIV-Related TB

One-month rifapentine, isoniazid noninferior to nine months of isoniazid alone

New AI Model May Predict Cancerous Lung Nodules

Model relies on CT features, demographics, clinical data, and improves on current methods

CDC: Most Americans Report Excellent, Good Health

Most health measures remained stable from 2017; percent of adults who have been tested for HIV increased

Adding Bempedoic Acid to Statin Therapy Reduces LDL Cholesterol

Genetic variants mimicking effect of ATP citrate lyase inhibitors, statins lower LDL-C in same way

Short Regimen Noninferior for Rifampin-Resistant Tuberculosis

Short regimen of nine to 11 months noninferior to 20-month regimen following WHO guidelines

Head of National Cancer Institute Named Acting FDA Commissioner

Current commissioner, Scott Gottlieb, will be stepping down in April

Mumps Causes Quarantine of Over 2,200 Immigrant Detainees

25-day quarantine affects facilities in Pine Prairie, Louisiana, and Aurora, Colorado

FDA Approves New Generic Valsartan to Ease Shortage

Certain lots of valsartan recalled due to contamination with trace amounts of nitrosamine

Homes With High Ventilation Rates Tied to Respiratory Issues

High rates of air exchange associated with chronic cough, asthma, asthma-like symptoms

Noncontrast Brain MRI Effective for Monitoring Multiple Sclerosis

Contrast-enhanced sequences do not reveal disease progression missed with nonenhanced sequences

Active Bathing in Non-ICU Setting Does Not Cut Infections

No change seen in risk for hospital-acquired infections overall; benefit seen for those with medical devices

Elderly Men Undertreated for Osteoporosis

Also, black men and women are much less likely to be treated than their white counterparts

Resistance Training May Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Progression

Findings based on two-year comparison to aerobic training, no exercise among patients with prediabetes

Prediagnosis Psychiatric Care Linked to Worse Cancer Mortality

Higher cancer-specific, all-cause mortality seen with increasing intensity of prediagnosis psychiatric care

Parity, Risk for Breast Cancer Studied for BRCA1/2 Carriers

Higher risk seen in uniparous BRCA1 carriers, parous BRCA2 carriers; breastfeeding cuts risk in BRCA1

Bronchiolitis Hospitalization in Infancy Predicts More Admissions

Higher risk seen for future admissions by age 5; link strongest for asthma, wheezing admissions

AAOS: One-Third of U.S. Children Report Back Pain

Children who reported back pain weighed more on average, had higher body mass index

Waiting Room Tool Aids Patient-Physician Communication

Tool helps patients to prepare questions and prioritize concerns prior to seeing primary care doctor

Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Third Leading Cause of DALYs

Disability-adjusted life year rates 1,347 per 100,000 individuals, behind ischemic heart disease, back pain

MRI Method That Measures Iron in Brain Shows Impact of Stroke

High iron content of substantia nigra associated with worse long-term motor outcomes after stroke

Model Can Predict Survival in Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer

Model demonstrated good discrimination for 15-year prostate cancer-specific mortality in validation cohorts

Tramadol May Up Mortality Risk in Osteoarthritis Patients

Findings for those initially prescribed tramadol compared with commonly prescribed NSAIDs

Diet Quality in Midlife Not Linked to Later Risk for Dementia

No significant difference in incidence rates for dementia according to measures of diet quality

CDC: 228 Measles Cases Already in 2019

Number of cases in the United States so far this year getting close to the total number for all of 2018

Acupressure Reduces Lasting Symptoms in Breast Cancer Survivors

Tied to improvements in pain, anxiety, depression among breast cancer survivors with fatigue

Four-to-Seven-Day Opioid Rx Likely Sufficient for Acute Pain Treatment

No more than one in five patients who filled an opioid analgesic prescription obtained a refill

Stress Test-Based Physiological Age May Be Superior Mortality Predictor

Physiological age based on exercise stress testing performance better predictor than chronological age

Stillbirth Risk Up With High Serum Bile Acids in Pregnancy

Higher risk of stillbirth with serum bile acids ≥100 µmol/L in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy

Total Thyroidectomy Improves HRQoL in Hashimoto Thyroiditis

Improvement in HRQoL, fatigue for patients with persistent symptoms despite normal thyroid gland function

Parent Perception of E-Cig Safety Varies With Smoking Habits

Most who smoke cigarettes and e-cigs have smoke-free home policies; fewer have vape-free policies

Odds of Dry Eye Disease Up With Migraine Headache

Patients with migraine headache have increased odds of dry eye disease even after adjustment for confounders

Common Signs, Symptoms Do Not ID Dehydration in Seniors

None of the 49 commonly-used clinical signs, symptoms usefully discriminated those with dehydration

Anxiety, Depression More Likely for Adults With Atopic Dermatitis

Individuals with AD more likely to have been diagnosed with anxiety or depression in past year

Distinct Etiology Found for Colorectal Cancer With Early Onset

Patients aged 18 to 29 with early-onset colorectal cancer more likely to have signet ring histology

Children With Poorly Controlled Asthma Suffer Academically

Latino and black children have poorer academic outcomes than non-Latino whites

Dual Receipt of Opioids Tied to Increased Risk for OD Death

Those enrolled in both VA and Medicare Part D have higher odds of death from Rx opioid overdose

Moderate Muscle Strength Linked to Lower Risk for T2DM

Reduced risk seen for type 2 diabetes after adjustment for confounders

CDC: Flu Season May Have Peaked

Milder strain of flu has been most common cause of cases this flu season

FDA Approves First Immunotherapy Drug for Breast Cancer

Combo of Tecentriq and chemo given accelerated approval for triple-negative breast cancer

Long-Acting Regimen Noninferior to Daily ART for HIV-1

Monthly long-acting cabotegravir and rilpivirine noninferior in two randomized controlled trials

Chest CT May Be Better Than PET/CT for HNSCC Distant Metastasis Evaluation

Since distant metastasis only seen in 3 percent of head, neck cancers, chest CT more cost-effective

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Tied to Coronary Heart Disease Risk

Association between VO2peak and coronary heart disease crosses the fitness continuum

Patterns of Joint Behavior Useful for Juvenile Arthritis Classification

Machine learning algorithm finds nonlocalized joint involvement increases risk for poor outcomes

Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Up With Maternal Smoking

Assuming causality, 22 percent of SUIDs directly attributed to maternal smoking during pregnancy

Retinal Microvascular Changes Identified in Alzheimer Disease

Changes in retinal microvasculature in superficial capillary plexus observed compared with MCI, controls

Over 17.7 Million Cosmetic Procedures Performed in U.S. in 2018

Increasing trend seen in body-shaping procedures, including 4 percent increase in breast augmentation

Timing of Medicare Loss Linked to Kidney Transplant Outcomes

Medication possession ratio lower for recipients with early, late Medicare loss versus no coverage loss

Tenapanor Reduces Elevated Serum Phosphate in CKD

Adverse events limited to softened stool, modest increase in bowel movement freqeuncy

Water Pipe Tobacco Smoking Addictive, Harmful to the Heart

Water pipe tobacco smokers are exposed to level of nicotine that is physiologically active in short term

GDM Linked to Increased Cardiovascular Event Risk Postpartum

In analysis restricted to women who did not develop T2DM, GDM still linked to increased risk

ACC: Photoplethysmography Signal Can Detect Diabetes

AUC 0.722 for predicting prevalent diabetes in test dataset; negative predictive value 97 percent

Genetic Testing Recommended for All Patients With Breast Cancer

All with personal history of breast cancer should be offered testing; updated testing recommended

Exfoliation Syndrome May Up Risk for COPD

Survival improved with COPD and exfoliation syndrome versus COPD alone

American Academy of Dermatology, March 1-5

The American Academy of Dermatology The annual meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology was held from March 1 to 5 in Washington, D.C., and...

Becoming Active in Middle Age Still Offers Health Benefits

Lower risk for all-cause, cardiovascular, cancer-related mortality similar to people active throughout adulthood

Mumps Outbreak Reported at Temple University

CDC says more than 2,000 cases of mumps in U.S. last year, 58 cases reported in January of this year

Dasotraline Promising for the Treatment of ADHD in Children

Once-daily dosing tolerable, may lessen side effects

Home Health Clinicians Frequently Lack Access to Hospital Records

Additionally, patients often not prepared with realistic expectations to receive home health care

Surgery for Uncomplicated Appendicitis Typically Yields Satisfactory Outcomes

Current surgical practice in U.S. adults involves presurgery imaging, laparoscopic approach

History of Cycling Weight May Up Risk for Heart Disease in Women

Yo-yo dieting associations with cardiovascular disease stronger in women with no pregnancy history

AAN: No Increased MS Relapse Risk in Postpartum Period

Annual relapse rate 0.39 before pregnancy, dropped during pregnancy, rebounded by four to six months

Only About Half of Elderly Newly Diagnosed With ALL Receive Tx

53.5 percent receive treatment within 90 days; 32.4 percent receive chemo without tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Endogenous Testosterone Linked to Cardiovascular Disease

Genetically predicted endogenous testosterone may have role in thromboembolism, heart failure, MI

Long-Term Systemic Hormone Therapy May Up Alzheimer Risk

Risk increases associated with hormone therapy exposure over 10 years in women <60 years at initiation

Complication Rate After Bariatric Surgery Higher for Black Patients

Black patients also have longer stays, higher rates of ED visits and readmissions, less satisfaction

Menopause Symptoms Linked to Chronic Pain in Midlife

Nearly twofold increased odds of chronic pain, multiple pain diagnoses seen with menopause symptoms

Conversion From Sleep Disorder to Neurodegeneration Studied

Predictors include abnormal quantitative motor testing, MCI, olfactory deficit, motor symptoms

Probiotic Sanitation Cuts Antimicrobial Resistance in Hospitals

Impact seen in lower use of antibiotics, costs tied to health care-associated infections

Secondhand Smoke Exposure Linked to Chronic Kidney Disease

Prevalence of chronic kidney disease, CKD development increased with exposure to secondhand smoke

Persistent, Prolonged Opioid Use Occurs After Plastic Surgery

Perioperative opioid use, procedure type strongest predictors of opioid use in year after surgery

CDC: GI, Respiratory Illnesses More Likely in Low-Income Children

But likelihood of missing any school days during the previous year decreased with reduced income

ACC: Long-Term Outcomes for MI Similar at ≤40, 40 to 50

Patients aged 40 years or younger have increased rates of substance abuse compared with older patients

Recall Down, Cancer Detection Up With Digital Breast Tomosynthesis

Breast cancers detected by DBT less often classified as having poor prognosis than those identified by DM

Predictors ID’d for Successful Removal of Mechanical Ventilation

Higher levels of wakefulness seen in those who pass the spontaneous breathing test and are extubated

Raspberries May Aid Glucose Control With Prediabetes

With higher raspberry intake, individuals at risk for diabetes needed less insulin to manage blood glucose

High-Quality, Plant-Based Diet Tied to Lower Risk for CVD Mortality

No association seen for quality of plant-based diet and cancer-related deaths

2004 to 2017 Saw Increase in Fractures for Elderly Dog Walkers

Most patients sustained hip fractures; more than one-quarter of patients required admission

AAN: Sweetened Drinks Linked to More Severe Disability in MS

Those in highest quartile of sugar-sweetened beverage intake had greater risk for severe disability

Behavioral Intervention Ups Physical Activity in T2DM

Sustained increase in physical activity, decrease in sedentary time seen with behavioral intervention

Blood Test Offers Early Warning for Kidney Transplant Rejection

Monitoring for certain genes in peripheral blood samples might predict rejection before it occurs

Few Seniors Receive Regular Brief Cognitive Assessments

Report also reveals number of seniors living with Alzheimer disease projected to increase

Hospital-Onset MRSA Decreased From 2002 to 2015

S. aureus infections also dropped overall at VA medical centers after MRSA prevention program initiation

FDA Approves Ketamine-Like Drug for Severe Depression

Drug available through restricted distribution system, must be administered in certified medical office

About 360,000 ED Visits Were for Nonmedical Drug Abuse in 2016

More than half of estimated visits also involved nonpharmaceutical substances, including drugs, alcohol

Flexible Schedules for Residents Do Not Affect Patient Mortality

No difference in average sleep time found for residents with flexible hours versus standard duty hours

Fluorouracil Cream Best Choice for Tx of Actinic Keratosis Lesions

Fluorouracil more effective than imiquimod, methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic tx, ingenol mebutate

Cocoa Beverage Could Improve Multiple Sclerosis-Related Fatigue

Small effect seen for fatigue, moderate effect on fatigability as measured by six-minute walk test

Preoperative Frailty Linked to Surgical Outcomes, Costs

Incidence of major morbidity, readmission, mortality correlated with frailty classification

Mental Health Symptoms Common After Mild Brain Injury

Authors say findings show importance of follow-up care after emergency department visit

No Increased Risk Seen for Pregnancies Conceived Within Year of Stillbirth

Conception within 12 months of stillbirth common, not linked to increased risk for adverse outcomes

Some Lose Independence After Surgical Tx of Femoral Neck Fx

Factors associated with odds of living independently and walking without an aid identified

Electronic Order Set May Reduce Inappropriate ECG Monitoring

Findings observed among hospitalized patients not in an intensive care unit

Stereotactic Body RT Promising for Low-, Intermediate-Risk PCa

Stereotactic body radiotherapy linked to low rates of severe toxic events, high rates of biochemical control

AASM Releases New Sleep Apnea Treatment Guideline

Recommendations address positive airway pressure treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adults

Childhood Cancer Considerably Underdiagnosed Worldwide

Numbers of undiagnosed cases varied from 3 percent in western Europe to 57 percent in western Africa

Peanut Patch Linked to Increased Responder Rate in Children

Statistically significant increase seen in proportion of responders for peanut-allergic children aged 4 to 11

Methanol Toxicity Can Result From Occupational Exposure

Case report describes patient with symptoms that began two weeks after new job at propane company

Program in Peds Rheumatology Clinic Ups Education on Teratogenic Rx

Findings seen among girls, women of childbearing age prescribed teratogenic meds

Recommendations Developed for Ulcerative Colitis Management

Guidelines address diagnosis, treatment, and overall clinical management of adult patients

2011 to 2015 Saw Drop in Delayed Discharge Rates After TAVR

Rates of discharge decreased beyond 72 hours after transcatheter aortic valve replacement

Children With Atopic Dermatitis Have Worse Sleep Quality

Similar total sleep duration seen for children with, without active atopic dermatitis

Problems Identified With Gaps in EHR Functionality in Morning Rounds

Gaps in EHR design lead to workflow standardization issues, use of workarounds, team miscommunication

Female Representation Has Increased in Plastic Surgery

Proportion of black applicants significantly higher than resident representation of same year

Eli Lilly to Sell Cheaper Version of Insulin Drug

'Authorized generic' of Humalog 100 to sell for $137.35 per vial, 50 percent lower than list price

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy Tied to Stroke Risk

However, primary preventive treatment with aspirin may cut long-term risk for stroke

COPD, ILD Patients May Not Benefit From Bilateral Lung Transplant Listing

Unrestricted lung transplant listing strategy may increase transplant rates without affecting survival

Higher Intake of Whole Grains May Lower Risk for Liver Cancer

Whole grains and possibly cereal fiber, bran appear linked to lower risk for hepatocellular carcinoma

Multidimensional Approach Cuts Unneeded Drug-Drug Interaction Alerts

Number of interruptive DDI alerts substantially decreased as result of alert refinement efforts

Intraoperative Methylprednisolone During Bypass Not Renal Protective

No decrease in acute kidney injury seen with intraoperative steroids during cardiopulmonary bypass

Readmission for Patients With Sepsis Common and Costly

Most readmissions associated with infectious etiologies, as well as GI, CV, pulmonary, renal causes

AAN: Sleep Apnea Tied to Higher Cortical Tau Levels in Seniors

Estimated 0.049 elevation seen in the entorhinal cortex tau standardized uptake value ratio

Poll: Many Older Adults Report Feeling Lonely, Isolated

Authors say more awareness needed that loneliness can adversely impact health, well-being

Oscillometric Devices Offer More Accurate Way to Measure BP

Validated oscillometric devices may provide more accurate BP measurement in office setting

Pneumococcal Vaccination at Age 50 Prevents the Most Disease

But cost of giving pneumococcal vaccines to all 50-year-olds exceeds $250,000 per QALY

Low-Dose Aspirin Does Not Cut Death From Prostate Cancer

But during extended exposure periods of at least five years, low-dose aspirin may cut mortality

MMR Not Linked to Autism in Danish Cohort Study

No increased risk observed after MMR in those with sibling autism history, autism risk factors

Breast Cancer Diagnosis Delays Seen With High-Deductible Health Plans

Delays observed in first breast imaging, biopsy, incident early-stage breast cancer diagnosis, chemo

February 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for February 2019. This roundup includes the...

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, Feb. 22-25

The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology The annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology was held from Feb. 22...

February 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

New York City Measles Outbreak Cases Reach 121

No deaths have occurred, but eight people have been hospitalized and one child ended up in ICU

February 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for February 2019. This roundup includes the...

FDA Warns Americans Not to Buy Drugs From Canadian Company

CanaRx sells prescription medicines at a lower cost to U.S. public, private employer programs

AAAAI: Egg Oral Immunotherapy Shows Sustained Benefit in Children

All children with sustained unresponsiveness ingested concentrated and baked egg

February 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Long-Term Cardiomyopathy Risk Varies by Chemo Agent

Decreased risk seen for daunorubicin versus doxorubicin among survivors of childhood cancer

February 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Drivers’ Opioid Use Associated With Fatal Car Crashes

Drivers testing positive for prescription opioids more than twice as likely to initiate fatal two-vehicle crash

February 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

HPV Infection Unlikely to Spread From Hand Contact

Risk for new infection largely due to partners' genital HPV infection, not virus detectable on hands

February 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for February 2019. This roundup includes...

February 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Autoimmune Disorders May Up Risk for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Hazard ratio for developing CTS significantly increased for Sjögren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis

February 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for February 2019. This roundup includes the...

February 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for February 2019. This roundup includes the...

Heavy Smoking Linked to Damaged Spatial, Color Vision

Heavy smokers have reduced sensitivity for all spatial frequencies, color discrimination impairments

February 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for February 2019. This roundup includes the...

Liquid Biopsy-Based Test IDs Biomarkers in Metastatic NSCLC

Test led to increase in number of patients with identified G7 biomarker, reduction in turnaround time

February 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for February 2019. This roundup includes...

February 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for February 2019. This roundup includes the...

Wireless Sensor System Feasible for Monitoring Vital Signs in NICU

Operation possible when immersed in water and compatible with essential medical imaging

February 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for February 2019. This roundup includes the...

February 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Automated Insulin System Improves Glycemic Control

Mean decrease in HbA1c greater than that seen with health care professional support only

February 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Antibiotic Delay Leads to Increased Risks in Seniors With UTI

No antibiotics, deferred antibiotics tied to increase in bloodstream infection, all-cause mortality

February 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

February 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

AAD: Isotretinoin Exposure for Acne Not Linked to Depression Risk

Acne patients with, without isotretinoin exposure had no significant difference in depression frequency

February 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for February 2019. This roundup...

February 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Electronic Decision Support Tool Can Aid Asthma Care

Use of the tool increased asthma control assessment, creation of asthma action plans

February 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for February 2019. This roundup includes...

February 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Age, Race Impact Atherosclerotic Risk With Psoriasis

Increased risk for atherosclerotic CVD seen at younger age in African-Americans with psoriasis

Mental Health Disorders Up After Head & Neck Cancer Diagnosis

Women, patients with history of tobacco use, alcohol use have significantly higher odds of MHDs

FDA: Pulmonary Embolism Risk Up With Tofacitinib 10 mg for RA

Safety clinical trial shows risk for PE, death with 10-mg dose versus 5-mg dose, TNF inhibitor

Flu Vaccination During Pregnancy Does Not Cause Miscarriage

Study authors say not only is influenza vaccine during pregnancy safe, it is necessary

Robotically Assisted Devices Not Approved for Cancer Surgery

FDA aware that surgeons have been using the devices for uses not granted marketing authorization

ATS Issues Practice Guideline for Pediatric Home Oxygen Therapy

Guidelines are specific to several pediatric lung, pulmonary vascular diseases

Intervention Can Reduce Racial Differences in Lung Cancer Care

Race-specific data, EHR warnings may decrease racial disparities in care for early-stage lung cancer

Advanced Echocardiographic Training Requirements Issued

At least nine cumulative months recommended to ensure exposure to necessary clinical experience

Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer May Often Be Misdiagnosed

Most patients are diagnosed at advanced stages of disease, report waiting months before seeing doctor

Risk Factors ID’d for Site Infection After Orthopedic Surgery in Seniors

Diabetes, morbid obesity, smoking, longer surgery, low albumin level up risk for surgical site infection

Dietary Monitoring Key to Successful Weight Loss

Time spent self-monitoring required for weight loss diminishes over time

Performance Improvement Sustained After DBT Adoption

Early improvement after adoption of digital breast tomosynthesis seen regardless of DBT volume

HEART Care Pathway Reduces Admission, Stress Testing in ACS

Hospitalization/observation, noninvasive stress testing significantly reduced postimplementation

AAN: Professional Soccer Players Show Increased Risk for ALS

Median age of diagnosis 43.3 years in soccer players versus 62.5 years in general population

AAAAI: Small Amounts of Dietary Peanuts Beneficial After Immunotherapy

Regular peanut consumption after OIT, SLIT for peanut allergy provides continued protection

Teens’ Social Media Use Does Not Predict Later Depression

Rather, teen girls with more depression symptoms may use social media more

Lowering BP, Lipids in Healthy Elderly Has No Cognitive Effect

Candesartan/hydrochlorothiazide, rosuvastatin, combination therapy do not affect cognitive decline

Lymphadenectomy Does Not Up Survival in Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Findings seen after intra-abdominal macroscopically complete resection with normal lymph nodes

Prenatal Vitamin Intake in Early Pregnancy May Cut Autism Risk

ASD risk down for children whose mothers took prenatal vitamins during first month of pregnancy

CDC: Progress in HIV Prevention Has Stalled in the United States

Agency says effective HIV prevention, treatment not reaching those who could most benefit

Kidney Disease Affects Revascularization Outcomes

Revascularization patients with T2DM and CKD more likely to experience a major adverse event

Rate of Opioid Rx Stable After Pediatric Outpatient Surgery

However, maximum available take-home dose steadily declined from 2013 to 2017

Tumor Control Durable With Pembrolizumab in Merkel Cell Cancer

28 of 50 advanced MCC patients responded; 24-month overall survival rate was 68.7 percent

Stewardship Programs Decrease Inpatient Fluoroquinolone Rx

Interventions tied to less prescribing in hospital but did not impact fluoroquinolone discharge treatment

Sustained Smoking Cessation May Delay, Prevent Seropositive RA

While risk increases with pack-years smoked, it decreases with longer duration of smoking cessation

Green Space in Childhood Tied to Better Mental Health Later

Authors say findings show importance of integrating natural environments into urban planning