Poor Sleep Quality Linked to Greater Food Intake, Worse Diet

Poorer sleep quality linked to lower unsaturated fat intake and higher food weight, added sugar intake

Longer Hormone Therapy Tied to Less Muscle Loss in Menopause

In large study of postmenopausal women, sarcopenia lower in participants with history of prolonged HT

Artificial Intelligence Model Can Detect COVID-19 on Chest CT

Sensitivity and specificity for detecting COVID-19 90 and 96 percent, respectively, with AUC of 0.96

July 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for July 2019. This roundup includes the...

Physical Activity May Lower Postmenopausal Fracture Risk

Total physical activity linked to lower risk for hip fracture, but increased risk for knee fracture

February 2020 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for February 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Comorbid Neck Injury Up for Women With Concussion

For all concussion-related ED visits, odds of comorbid neck injury up for females ages 5 to 49

Family Dissatisfaction Greater When Intensive End-of-Life CKD Care Utilized

Receipt of maintenance dialysis and more intensive patterns of end-of-life care linked to lower ratings

T2DM Is Risk Factor for Liver Fibrosis Progression in NAFLD

In multivariate analysis, age, albumin concentration, T2DM independently tied to progression

Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors May Up Pancreatic Disease Risk

Risks for pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer higher in Korean patients with newly diagnosed T2DM

Low-Intensity Warfarin Not Noninferior in Hip, Knee Surgery

Noninferiority not found compared with standard-intensity prophylaxis with hip or knee arthroplasty

Cardiovascular Health Poorer in Army Personnel Than Civilians

Prevalence of ideal blood pressure lower in U.S. Army personnel versus NHANES respondents

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, Feb. 22-25

The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology The annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology was held from Feb. 22...

Social Media Use Tied to Disordered Eating in Young Teens

Association seen for both number of social media accounts and daily time spent using them

October 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for October 2019. This roundup includes the...

Infectious Disease Consultation May Lower Candida Mortality

Mortality at 90 days lower in patients with candida bloodstream infection who receive an ID consult

Starting Colorectal Cancer Screening at Age 45 Years Is Cost-Effective

But increasing participation for unscreened older adults would yield greater benefits at lower costs

Incidence of Acute Myocardial Infarctions Up Among Young Women

Second study shows sedentary time linked to increased risk for cardiovascular disease for women

Mediterranean Eating Plan May Help Keep T2DM Patients Off Meds

Med-EatPlan plus extra virgin olive oil linked to lower risk for starting first glucose-lowering medication

Meat, Poultry, Not Fish, May Up Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Intake of processed meat, unprocessed red meat but not poultry, fish may increase all-cause mortality risk

9/11 Responders May Have Higher Head, Neck Cancer Risk

Authors call for ongoing monitoring, treatment of those initially exposed

Higher Skeletal Muscle Mass May Lower Long-Term Risk for CVD

Compared with the lowest tertile, those in highest SMM tertile had 81 percent lower risk for CVD event

Addition of Maintenance Olaparib Slows Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Benefit substantial for homologous-recombination deficiency positive tumors with, without BRCA mutations

Frequent Alcohol Drinking May Up Risk for New-Onset A-Fib

Amount of alcohol intake per drinking session was not associated with new-onset atrial fibrillation

Dabigatran Does Not Beat Aspirin for Preventing Recurrent Stroke

Efficacy similar to aspirin for preventing recurrent stroke after embolic stroke of undetermined source

March 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Supratentorial ICH Outcomes Better in Young Blacks, Hispanics

Outcomes better compared with whites among young adults with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage

New HIV PrEP Drug Not Cost-Effective Compared With Generic

F/TAF would avert 2,101 fractures, 25 cases of end-stage renal disease, but not deemed cost-effective

Female Ophthalmology Residents Perform Fewer Procedures

Female residents perform fewer cataract operations, total procedures than male residents

Non-Rx Fentanyl Up in Urine Tests Positive for Other Drugs

Significant increases seen in urine drug tests positive for cocaine and methamphetamine

High Rates of MenB Vaccination Advised in University Outbreaks

Estimated first-dose vaccination coverage varied from 14 to 98 percent in 10 university outbreaks

Costs, Expected Weight Loss Impact Bariatric Surgery Choice

Complications, recovery time, other risks less influential in decision making

No Increased Fall Risk With HTN Treatment in Older Women

Lower incidence rate ratios found for women with treated controlled hypertension, treated uncontrolled HTN

Drinking More Coffee Tied to Lower Risk for Gallstone Disease

Individuals with genetic variants linked to increased coffee consumption have reduced risk for gallstones

Key Cystic Fibrosis Pathogens Reduced With Ivacaftor Use

Ivacaftor use linked to reductions in P. aeruginosa rates, prevalence of S. aureus, Aspergillus species

15-Year-Old Texas Teen Youngest in U.S. to Die From Vaping

Officials say teen had 'chronic underlying medical condition,' but condition has not been identified

Doctors Should Encourage Exercise in Patients With Diabetes, CV Disease

Recommendations suggest doctors prescribe individualized exercise training for these patients

FDA Halts All Sales of Pelvic Mesh Products Tied to Injuries in Women

Remaining manufacturers have failed to prove the long-term safety or benefit of their devices

Raspberries May Aid Glucose Control With Prediabetes

With higher raspberry intake, individuals at risk for diabetes needed less insulin to manage blood glucose

PCI Beneficial for All Categories of Older AMI Patients

PCI linked to improved survival versus medical therapy for young-old, middle-old, and old-old patients

AAP: Greater Access to Bariatric, Metabolic Surgery Urged for Youth

Metabolic and bariatric surgery safe for youth with severe obesity; barriers to surgery should be reduced

Childhood BMI, HDL-C Variability May Up Later-Life Diabetes Risk

Greater variability tied to higher risk, independent of mean levels for BMI, HDL cholesterol in childhood

All-Cause Mortality, Cancer Incidence Lower for Adventists

All-cause mortality lower in Adventists versus nonsmokers in general population at ages 65 and 85 years

OTC Meds Often Used in Drug-Related Suicide Attempts in Youth

ADHD meds commonly used by those aged 10 to 15 years, while sedative/hypnotics used more by older youth

Unemployed Workers Less Likely to Be Uninsured Post-ACA

Following implementation of ACA, insurance rates decreased more in states with Medicaid expansion

Novel Agent Promising for the Treatment of Schizophrenia

Reduction in PANSS total score greater for non-D2-receptor-binding drug SEP-363856 versus placebo

Stepped Tx for Alcohol Use Disorder Studied in HIV Patients

Gradually increasing intensity of treatment reduces alcohol intake and improves HIV status

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Linked to Cancer Diagnosis in Women

Increased odds ratios for cancer observed in different categories of OSA for women, not men

Opioid-Related Mortality Up From 1999 to 2016 in Eastern U.S.

Opioid-related mortality rates, especially from synthetic opioids, increased rapidly in eastern states

Delay of Surgery for DCIS Ups Risk for Invasive Breast Cancer

Each month delay increases risk for invasive cancer by 1 percent

Rapid Fluid Removal May Up Mortality in Critically Ill With AKI

Higher net ultrafiltration rates with continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration may lower survival

Hurricanes Up Mortality Risk for Seniors With Diabetes

In the first month after Katrina and Rita, all-cause mortality spiked 40 percent among seniors with diabetes

Statin Use Not Linked to Rate of Cognitive Decline in Seniors

Rate of decline in memory, global cognition similar for elderly statin users, never users over six-year period

Prenatal Surgery Yields Lasting Benefits for Myelomeningocele

No difference found in overall adaptive behavior at school age; more children walk independently

High Cutaneous Melanoma Burden Found Due to UV Radiation

Burden varies across states, with highest burden seen in Hawaii

Analysis IDs Messages Behind Antivaccination Comments

Four distinct subgroups of comments were identified: trust, alternatives, safety, and conspiracy

Vitamin C May Reduce Ventilation Time in Critically Ill Patients

Review shows vitamin C can shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation by an average of 25 percent

Intraoperative Methylprednisolone During Bypass Not Renal Protective

No decrease in acute kidney injury seen with intraoperative steroids during cardiopulmonary bypass

California Bill to Tighten Vaccine Exemptions Moves Forward

State public health officials would have the authority to decide which children qualify for medical exemptions

CRP-Guided Testing Cuts Antibiotic Use in COPD Exacerbations

Lower percentage of patients reported antibiotic use, received antibiotic prescriptions

May 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Habitual Fish Oil Supplements Linked to Lower CVD Risk

Risk reduced for all-cause mortality, CVD mortality, incident CVD events with habitual supplementation

AHA: Risk for Death Cuts Benefit of Oral Anticoagulants for A-Fib

Findings seen among older patients with incident atrial fibrillation receiving warfarin or apixaban

Congo Officials: First Ebola Case Confirmed in City of Goma

Case raising fears that Ebola outbreak in Congo could make its way into Rwanda

Darolutamide Slows Spread of Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Significant survival benefit seen, adverse events similar between darolutamide and placebo

Psoriasis Tx Linked to Drop in Noncalcified Coronary Plaque

Noncalcified plaque burden and necrotic core reduced in association with biologic therapy

Experts Say U.S. Flavored E-Cigarette Products Ban Will Have Little Effect

Highly concentrated, refillable nicotine vape products and disposable vape pods still available

California Man Awarded $80 Million in Roundup Lawsuit

Jury previously found Roundup was a significant factor in plaintiff's non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Insurance Disparities ID’d in Diagnosis of Late-Stage Melanoma

Odds of late-stage melanoma up for individuals with Medicaid, no insurance versus those with private insurance

Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella Outbreak Characterized

255 cases of infection identified in 32 states; infections linked to consumption of soft cheese, beef

Random Plasma Glucose Levels Can Predict Diabetes Diagnosis

For two RPGs ≥115 mg/dL, sensitivity 87 percent and specificity 77 percent for predicting diabetes diagnosis

Weight Gain During Adulthood Tied to Decline in Lung Function

Weight gain over 20 years tied to accelerated decline in lung function; decline attenuated with weight loss

Genetic Testing Underused in Breast, Ovarian Cancer

Pathogenic variants ID'd in 7.8 percent of patients with breast cancer, 14.5 percent with ovarian cancer

Deportation Worry May Raise Risk for Hypertension in Women

Reporting 'a lot' or 'moderate' versus 'not too much' deportation worry tied to higher risk for hypertension

NT-proBNP Does Not Improve Evaluation of Syncope in the ED

Serum NT-proBNP concentrations were generally higher in patients with 30-day serious adverse events

Bystander Resuscitation Attempted Less Often for Women in Cardiac Arrest

Women have half the chance of initial shockable rhythm, chances of survival to discharge compared with men

More Than 1 in 5 Young Men Use Disordered Eating to Bulk Up

Having a skinny self-image, exercising to gain weight may be risk factors for disordered eating

Migraines in Pregnancy Tied to Worse Outcomes for Mother, Baby

Poor outcomes seen in pregnancy for women and at birth, neonatal, and postnatal periods for infants

Rule Requiring Drug Prices in TV Ads Blocked by Judge

The rule, applying to any drug that costs more than $35 a month, was to take effect this week

California Holds Cruise Ship Offshore for COVID-19 Testing

State declares state of emergency as U.S. Coast Guard delivers testing kits to cruise ship

June 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Finasteride Not Tied to Increase in Prostate Cancer Mortality

Finasteride tied to lower risk for death from prostate cancer, but lower risk not statistically significant

WHO: Estimated Incidence of Curable STIs 376.4 Million in 2016

Estimated 127.2, 86.9, 156.0, and 6.3 million cases reported for chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, syphilis

December 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for December 2019. This roundup includes...

Thiazide Use May Lower Fracture Risk in Patients With Alzheimer Disease

Longer thiazide use tied to decreased risk for low-energy fractures, hip fractures in Alzheimer disease

AMA, AHA Support Refresher Training for Measuring Blood Pressure

Broad support needed for providing BP refresher training for all roles of primary care health care providers

T2DM Risk in Offspring Up With Maternal Overweight, Obesity

Offspring of women who are overweight or obese during pregnancy have higher risk for type 2 diabetes

Intranasal Sufentanil Cuts Acute Trauma Pain Treated in the ED

Larger studies needed to further assess safety of intranasal sufentanil

One in 10 Hospital Patients May Carry C. Diff at Admission

Asymptomatic carriers of C. difficile at significant risk for progression to symptomatic infection

Frequent Fried Food Intake Increases Risk for Coronary Artery Disease

Dose-dependent relationship seen in a large national cohort of U.S. veterans

FDA Warns Companies on Unsafe, Unapproved Stem Cell Treatments

Patients contracting deadly infections at clinics offering the unapproved treatments

Treatment for Hereditary Breast Cancer Not Always Guideline-Concordant

Treatment seems less in line with practice guidelines, particularly for radiation therapy and chemotherapy

Artificially Sweetened Drinks Linked to Stroke After Menopause

Risk for all stroke, ischemic stroke, CHD, all-cause mortality up with highest level of consumption

American College of Rheumatology, Nov. 8-13

The 83rd Annual Meeting of the American College of Rheumatology The annual meeting of the American College of Rheumatology was held from Nov. 8...

Chemo-Radiation Combo Tied to Higher Survival in Peds Hodgkin

Five-year overall survival higher in patients who receive combined tx than those treated with chemo alone

Digital Sepsis Monitoring May Improve Inpatient Outcomes

Systemwide implementation presents opportunity to improve care for patients who may have sepsis

April 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Achieving Healthy Diet From Sustainable Food Feasible

Global adoption of healthy reference diet would reduce morbidity, environmental degradation

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Cases Increased in 2004 to 2012

Highest rates of HZO seen in older adults, women, and in whites versus other racial groups

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Linked to Gray Matter Volume

Strong association found for VO2peak with GM volume of left middle temporal gyrus, right hippocampal gyrus

Anticholinergic Burden Tied to Adverse Effects in Middle Age

Identification of at-risk populations varies by scale used, which could impact clinical practice

Need for Sedation Up for Regular Cannabis Users

Regular cannabis users undergoing endoscopic procedures need higher dose than nonusers

FDA Approves New Device for Chronic, Moderate-to-Severe Heart Failure

Optimizer Smart system indicated for patients who are symptomatic despite optimal medical therapy

Breast Cancer Diagnosis Delays Seen With High-Deductible Health Plans

Delays observed in first breast imaging, biopsy, incident early-stage breast cancer diagnosis, chemo

Living Alone Tied to Increased Risk for Mental Disorders

Loneliness explains majority of the association with common mental disorders

November 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Lab Tests Show Experimental Ebola Treatments Effective

Remdesivir, ZMapp monoclonal antibodies both appear to block growth of the Ebola virus strain

Neuroimaging Features of COVID-19 Are Variable

But acute ischemic infarcts are a predominant finding among those with acute neurological symptoms

Cuts in Fine Particulate Matter Pollution Have Spared U.S. Lives

Reductions in PM2.5 since 1999 estimated to have lowered mortality in all but 14 counties

Incidence of Psych Morbidity Up With Spinal Cord Injury

Prevalence of all chronic diseases, chronic disease multimorbidity also up with SCI except for HIV/AIDS

Use of PPIs Tied to Cognitive Issues in Breast Cancer Survivors

Concentration, memory problems reported in breast cancer patients at different stages of survivorship

Model Fails to Predict Risk for Maternal ICU Admission

Model intended to predict admission to maternal ICU based on cumulative effect of multiple risk factors

CBT Offers Some Benefits in Adults With Dissociative Seizures

CBT plus standardized medical care does not reduce monthly seizure frequency versus standardized medical care alone

Studies Promising for Sensory Feedback for Hand Prostheses

Restoration of proprioception seen in two transradial amputees; detection of slipping in hand amputee

2018 Busiest Year Ever for U.S. National Domestic Violence Hotline

Since 1996, the hotline has provided 24-hour, year-round support for people affected by domestic violence

Dabigatran Doesn’t Beat Aspirin for Preventing Recurrent Stroke

Efficacy similar to aspirin for preventing recurrent stroke after embolic stroke of undetermined source

Organ Transplant Does Not Worsen Prostate Cancer Outcome

No increase in cancer-specific mortality seen in men with prostate cancer who receive organ transplants

Outcomes Across Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer Treatments Similar

Brachytherapy and Mohs micrographic surgery show better cosmetic results

Massachusetts Health Reform Tied to Decrease in Advanced Cancer

Findings seen for colorectal cancer, but no similar findings found for advanced breast cancer diagnoses

Age at Period Cessation Not Linked to CVD Risk Trajectories

Little evidence found of links with trajectories of blood pressure, lipids, hemoglobin A1c, anthropometry

Family Involvement Cuts Postop Delirium in Older Patients

Patients in elder life program had less decline in physical and cognitive function, shorter length of stay

Opioid-Related Deaths Less Likely Among Cancer Patients

Mortality lower despite common opioid prescriptions for cancer-related pain

Increased Screen Time in Preschool Tied to Worse Inattention

Odds increased for reporting clinically significant externalizing problems, inattention problems

September 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Trump Administration to Ban Most Flavored E-Cigarettes

Flavored liquid nicotine used in 'open tank systems' will not be included in the ban

Health Care Workers With ARIs Often Work While Symptomatic

Likelihood of working higher if symptoms less severe and on illness onset date versus subsequent days

AHA: Impact of Valsartan Recall Examined for Ontario, Canada

Immediate increase in emergency department visits for hypertension seen after generic valsartan recall

Persistent Inflammation After Sepsis Linked to Higher Mortality

Persistent inflammation, immunosuppression linked to increased mortality and readmission after discharge

2008 to 2015 Saw Out-of-Pocket Spending Up for Maternity Care

In 2008-2013, out-of-pocket spending was higher for lower-income women; disparity not seen in 2014-2015

CDC: Nearly Half of TBI-Related Deaths Categorized as Intentional

During last 10 years, suicide surpassed motor vehicle crashes as leading category of TBI-related death

Many Smokers Who Quit Before Gastric Bypass Surgery Relapse

61.7 percent of those who smoked one year preop smoke at seven years postop

COVID-19 Outbreak Described in Long-Term Care Facility

167 cases of COVID-19 identified affecting 101 residents; case fatality rate 33.7 percent

Risk for MCI Up With Progressive Cerebral Small Vessel Disease

Patients with hypertension with progressive cSVD have increased risk for mild cognitive impairment

Mavoglurant Improves Visual Attention in Fragile X Syndrome

Increases noted in total absolute looking time, number of fixations to eye region while viewing faces

No Indication of ‘July Effect’ in Context of Cardiac Surgery

No variation in in-hospital mortality by procedure month, academic year quartile for cardiac procedures

Maternal Glucose in Pregnancy Tied to Child’s Glucose Outcomes

Maternal fasting plasma glucose is positively associated with FPG and A1C in childhood

CRC Screening Recommended for Average-Risk Adults Age 50 to 75

CRC screening test should be selected based on discussion of benefits, harms, costs with patients

CDC: First Confirmed ID of ‘Kissing Bug’ in Delaware

Triatoma sanguisuga insect can transmit parasite that causes Chagas disease

Resting-State EEG Can Predict Sertraline Treatment Outcomes

Sertraline-predictive EEG signature examined in four independent depression treatment sets

Long-Term Antidepressant Use Appears to Raise Risk for T2DM

Study suggests glucose tolerance improves with antidepressant discontinuation or dose reduction

Obesity Tied to Increased Risk for Progression to Severe COVID-19

Authors urge close monitoring, prompt treatment for obese patients with COVID-19

Early Regional Anesthesia Effective for Extremity Injury Pain

When given soon after traumatic injury, regional anesthesia is valuable pain management intervention

Most Older Adults Would Have to Liquidate Assets for Home Care

Fewer older adults with significant disabilities could afford extensive care

Histologic Clearance of CIN2/3 Seen With HPV Therapeutic Vaccine

In phase II trial, rate of complete resolution of CIN2/3 significantly higher for vaccine versus placebo group

Model May Predict Barrett Esophagus Diagnosis in GERD Patients

Model validated for prediction of Barrett esophagus, with eight features showing diagnostic value

July 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Assisting Medication Continuity Cuts Readmissions for Seniors

Interventions that bridge care transitions most likely to impact medication continuity in older adults

Allergan Recalls Textured Breast Implants Linked to Lymphoma

FDA requested recall to protect women from breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma

Many Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients Use Opioids

Among SLE patients, likelihood of prescription opioids up for those using emergency department

More Secondary Prevention Meds May Reduce Deaths After AMI

Mortality lower with more meds for older nursing home residents after acute myocardial infarction

September 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Environment May Be Main Factor in Norway’s Obesity Epidemic

Rise in obesity since 1960s seen in both genetically predisposed, nonpredisposed people

Incidence of Enteric Infections Due to Pathogens Up or Stable

Compared with 2016 to 2018, incidence in 2019 was increased for infections caused by five pathogens

Clinical Drug Diversion Costly to Health Care Organizations

Report finds 47.2 million doses lost due to health care worker misuse and theft in 2018

Ranking for Abdominal Surgeries Not Linked to Patient Outcomes

Serious morbidity, in-hospital mortality similar for laparoscopic sx at top-ranked, nonranked hospitals

May 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, May 3-6

The 67th Annual Clinical Meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists The annual meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists was...

Men Less Knowledgeable About HPV, HPV Vaccination

Most men and women did not know anal, penile, and oral cancers are caused by HPV

Age of Onset May Affect Clinical Outcomes for MS Patients on DMT

Age-dependent differences seen for clinical outcomes in response to disease-modifying therapy

September 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Few Critical Care Nurses Feel Competent in Providing Palliative Care

Moral distress levels vary with perceived use of care; higher levels of distress seen with less frequent use

ADA: Teplizumab Can Delay T1DM Progression in Those at Risk

Median time to type 1 diabetes diagnosis 48.4 months with teplizumab and 24.4 months with placebo

CDC: GI, Respiratory Illnesses More Likely in Low-Income Children

But likelihood of missing any school days during the previous year decreased with reduced income

Postpartum Opioid Prescription Rates Vary Widely by Hospital

However, providers within the same hospital tend to follow similar prescription patterns

Model Shows Hep C-Infected Kidney Transplants Beneficial, Cost-Effective

Transplant plus antiviral therapy improves quality of life, reduces health care costs for recipients

Elexacaftor-Tezacaftor-Ivacaftor Efficacious for Cystic Fibrosis

Percentage of FEV1 higher at four weeks and through 24 weeks with treatment versus placebo

Sublingual Immunotherapy Safely Desensitizes Pediatric Peanut Allergies

Extended therapy for up to five years safe, shows evidence of immune modulation

Cellphone-Related Injuries to Head, Neck on the Rise

Many of these injuries, particularly in younger patients, result from distraction while using cellphone

Number of Cancer Survivors Set to Top 22 Million by 2030

Fifty-six percent of cancer survivors diagnosed within past 10 years; 64 percent aged ≥65

Contact Tracing Can Cut Time to Case Isolation in SARS-CoV-2

Household contacts had higher risk for infection; children were as likely to be infected as adults

More Appropriate Prostate Cancer Tx Seen at Multidisciplinary Clinic

Patients with low-risk disease more likely to receive nondefinitive therapy at MultiD clinic versus SEER

Gastrointestinal Symptoms Common in COVID-19 Patients

GI symptoms were more prevalent in later stages of epidemic in China

Resistance Training May Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Progression

Findings based on two-year comparison to aerobic training, no exercise among patients with prediabetes

Suicide 30 to 50 Times Higher After ED Visit for Self-Harm, Suicidal Ideation

Findings seen among patients presenting with self-harm and suicidal ideation in California

January 2020 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for January 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Osteoporosis Undertreated in Joint Replacement Patients

Nearly 25 percent of patients meet treatment criteria, but only 5 percent get prescription

LV Hypertrophy May Explain Racial Disparities in Heart Failure

Some of the excess risk for heart failure explained by higher prevalence of malignant LVH in blacks

Flu Vaccine Cuts Flu-Related Hospitalization in COPD Patients

Flu-positive patients have higher crude mortality and critical illness versus flu-negative patients

CDC: 19.2 Percent of Unpaid Caregivers in Fair, Poor Health

State-to-state variation ranges from 11.7 percent in Minnesota to 34.4 percent in Puerto Rico

Older Adults With Comorbidities Identified as Frequent ED Users

~5 percent of older adults account for ~20 percent of emergency department visits

Longer PAP Therapy for Apnea Reduces Medical Visits, Costs

Increased therapy time for obstructive sleep apnea patients yields better results

Half of Physician Directors of NCI Cancer Centers Receive Industry Payments

Authors question whether these payments serve the public interest

Fracture Rate Up in Infants With Prenatal Smoking Exposure

Risk for fractures increased before age 1, with dose-dependent pattern observed

CDC: Opioid Prescribing Higher in Rural Versus Urban Areas

Odds of receiving an opioid prescription dropped significantly after March 2016 in all county groups

Opioids Commonly Prescribed in Emergency Department for Gout

Diabetes, polyarticular gout, prior opioid use tied to increased risk for opioid prescription at discharge

Dogs, Coloring Lower Stress in Emergency Department Workers

In a prospective trial, five minutes spent coloring or with therapy dogs lowered provider cortisol levels

ENDO: HbA1c Tied to Cognition in T2DM Patients After Lacunar Stroke

Increase in HbA1c over time linked to decrease in Cognitive Assessment Screening Instrument score

Simulation Captures Performance With Multifocal Intraocular Lens

Visual simulation captures individual optical, visual performance obtained with real M-IOLs

Model Can Predict Lung Cancer in Patient With Visible Nodule on CT

Combination of clinical and radiologic factors can reliably predict risk for incident lung cancer

Antibiotics Prescribed for Children More Often at Nonpediatric EDs

Frequency of guideline-concordant prescribing for respiratory conditions lower at nonpediatric EDs

HbA1c Variability Linked to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Risks increased for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, microvascular complications

Statins Tied to Insulin Resistance, Higher Serum Fasting Insulin

Ever use of statins associated with 38 percent increased risk for incident type 2 diabetes

Low Socioeconomic Position Linked to Poor End-of-Life Care

People living in most deprived neighborhoods more likely to die in hospital, not receive palliative care

More Time Spent on Social Media May Harm Teen Mental Health

Risk for internalizing problems, comorbid internalizing and externalizing problems up with increased use

Chronic Rhinosinusitis Linked to Depression, Anxiety

Higher hazard ratios found for depression, anxiety for patients with CRS without nasal polyps

Risk for Uninsurance in AMI Patients Reduced With Medicaid Expansion

Similar in-hospital mortality seen for low-income patients with AMI in expansion versus nonexpansion states

Spread of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak Estimated

By Jan. 25, 2020, 75,815 individuals had been infected in Wuhan; epidemic doubling time 6.4 days

FDA to Allow States to Import Prescription Drugs From Other Countries

All imports would have to be FDA-approved, tested to ensure quality, relabeled to meet U.S. labeling requirements

Adding Maraviroc to c-ART No Better in Advanced HIV

Incidence of severe morbidity similar for addition of maraviroc versus placebo to standard c-ART