Gabapentinoids Linked to Increased Risk for Significant Adverse Outcomes

Risk increased for suicidal behavior, unintentional overdose, road traffic incident, head/body injuries

HIV Risk Does Not Differ With Three Contraceptive Methods

No significant difference seen with use of DMPA-IM, copper IUD device, levonorgestrel implant in African women

Health Care Aides Frequently Report Verbal Abuse

Aides who reported verbal abuse more than 11-fold more likely to also report physical abuse

Most Providers Unaware of Online Feedback About Themselves

Providers do not encourage patient reviews and often view such feedback as having limited value

Study Confirms Teratogenicity of Valproic Acid, Topiramate

Eight specific types of major congenital malformations associated with prenatal exposure to valproic acid

Chemoradiation Does Not Up Survival in Endometrial Cancer

Distant recurrence more common with chemoradiation versus chemotherapy in stage III, IVA disease

Next-Gen Sequencing of CSF Improves Diagnosis of CNS Infections

Eight of 13 diagnoses made solely by metagenomic NGS had likely clinical effect, seven guided treatment

CDC: Wildlife Rabies, Especially in Bats, Poses Risk in U.S.

Seventy percent of rabies infections acquired in the United States attributed to bats

Microbes Tied to Pedicle Screw Loosening, Spinal Implant Failure

Low-virulent microorganisms detected using sonication on extracted hardware

Approving Children’s Cancer Drugs Takes 6.5 Years Longer

Gap reflects time from first clinical trial in humans to the first trial in children

Exposure to Air Pollution May Impact Children’s Cognitive Abilities

Deficits seen in working memory, executive attention after prenatal, early childhood exposure

Virtual Reality IDs Navigation Issues in Early Alzheimer Disease

Classification accuracy superior to cognitive tests considered highly sensitive to early disease

In Most Older Adults, Prediabetes Stays Stable or Improves

One-third of participants progressed to diabetes or died within the 12-year follow-up

Weight Loss Surgery May Not Relieve Acid Reflux

Symptoms return in half of patients undergoing long-term follow-up after gastric bypass

Hot Water Therapy Aids Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease

Small study shows it improves functional ability, has potential for cardiovascular conditioning

Nitrate Pollution of Tap Water May Cause Thousands of Cancer Cases

Annual nitrate-attributable cases of CRC, ovarian, thyroid, kidney, bladder cancer ranged from 2,300 to 12,594

PDE5i Use Linked to Post-LVAD Right Heart Failure Events

Incidence of severe early right heart failure higher among patients on preimplant PDE5i than controls

Simple Tweaks Retrain Night Owls’ Internal Clocks

Nonpharmacological, practical interventions tied to improvements in mental well-being, performance

Number of Cancer Survivors Set to Top 22 Million by 2030

Fifty-six percent of cancer survivors diagnosed within past 10 years; 64 percent aged ≥65

Vitamin K Can Up Anticoagulation Stability in Patients on Warfarin

Findings seen in warfarin-treated patients with history of international normalized ratio instability

ADA: Dulaglutide Tied to Decline in Cardiovascular Events in T2DM

Second study shows reduction in renal outcomes with dulaglutide in type 2 diabetes

Mortality No Different With TAVR for Bicuspid, Tricuspid Stenosis

Patients receiving TAVR for bicuspid versus tricuspid stenosis had increased 30-day risk for stroke

USPSTF Issues Recommendations on HIV Screening, Prevention

Recommendations support PrEP for those at high HIV risk, screening for teens, adults, in pregnancy

Prescription Opioid Use Up Among Binge Drinkers

More than half of those who misused prescription opioids in 2012 to 2014 were binge drinkers

Higher Levels of Exercise in Childhood Improve Heart Health

Better cardiovascular health indicators seen with engaging in higher levels of physical activity

Pertussis Risk Up for Undervaccinated, Unvaccinated Children

However, most pertussis cases occur among vaccinated children further away from last DTaP dose

Diagnostic Yield of Lynch Syndrome Screening Drops With Age

Incremental diagnostic yield decreases substantially after 70 to 75 years; LS is rare after 80 years

Inadequate Fruit, Veggies Explain Many Cardiovascular Deaths

Globally, suboptimal fruit, vegetable intake causes millions of CHD, stroke deaths per year

Diagnostic Testing, Antibiotics Overused in Pediatric CAP

Chest radiography ordered in 43 percent, antibiotics prescribed in 73.9 percent of community-acquired pneumonia visits

Polygenic Risk Score Reliably Predicts Coronary Artery Disease

PRS predicts prevalent CAD but does not perform as well for predicting incident, recurrent CAD

Nurse Understaffing Ups Inpatient Infection Risk

Findings show 15 percent increased risk two days after understaffed day and night shifts

Poor Physical Performance Tied to Depression, Anxiety in Midlife Women

Findings seen for both upper- and lower-body performance in study of Singaporean women

Rapid Fluid Removal May Up Mortality in Critically Ill With AKI

Higher net ultrafiltration rates with continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration may lower survival

Cough Sound Analyzer Helps Differentiate Peds Respiratory Disorders

Automated analyzer can aid in diagnosing asthma, pneumonia, croup, bronchiolitis, LRI

Location of Body Fat Linked to Advanced, Fatal Prostate Cancer

Risk for advanced, fatal disease also increased in association with body mass index, waist circumference

Untreated White Coat HTN May Increase Cardiovascular Risk

Treated white coat effect not tied to cardiovascular events or all-cause, cardiovascular mortality

Data Insufficient for Safety of Lithium During Breastfeeding

Lithium transfer to infants is variable; three cases of adverse effects reported, but confounding occurred

Targeting Barriers to Self-Care Benefits Seniors With Asthma

Home- and clinic-based interventions better for improving asthma control, quality of life in seniors

Marketing OK’d for Device to Help Reduce IBS Symptoms in Adolescents

IB-Stim helps to reduce abdominal pain in 11- to 18-year-olds with irritable bowel syndrome

Chemoimmunotherapy Regimen Approved to Treat DLBCL

Polivy approved in combination with bendamustine, rituximab for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

Mouth Rinse for HPV DNA May Be Biomarker in Head, Neck Cancer

Persistent detection of tumor-type HPV DNA during treatment tied to increased risk for recurrence, death

Access to Health Care Has Little Impact on Longevity

Social, behavioral factors account for greater portion of premature mortality than does health care

Hyperglycemia in Pregnancy May Up Risk for Obesity in Offspring

Children of obese women with gestational diabetes have increased risk for childhood obesity

Half an Hour of Sun Exposure Daily May Lower Risk for Pediatric IBD

Association holds when considering only those most recently diagnosed, Caucasians

2003 to 2014 Saw Incidence of Herpes Zoster Drop in Children

Vaccinated children had 78 percent lower rate of HZ incidence than unvaccinated children

Fewer New T2DM Cases Seen in Adults on Plant-Based Diet

Intake of vitamins B2, B6 linked to reduced risk for T2DM; B12 intake from food linked to higher risk

Irregular Sleep Patterns May Increase Risk for Metabolic Syndrome

Odds higher in two cross-sectional, prospective analyses after adjustment for sleep-related factors

Exposure to Air Pollution May Affect Pulmonary Circulation

Larger peripheral total pulmonary vascular volume associated with long-term exposure to black carbon

Out-of-Pocket Medical Expenditure Up for Cancer Survivors

More than 1 in 4 survivors report material hardship; more than 1 in 3 has psychological hardship

Single-Component Treatments Effective for Insomnia

Stimulus control and sleep restriction therapy more effective than multiple-component treatments

Job Demands, Burnout Tied to Weight Gain

Specifically, workers with heavy demands, burnout eat more poorly, exercise less

Irritable Bowel Symptoms Tied to Intestinal, Brain Abnormalities

Factors have cumulative effect on symptoms as well as on quality of life

Antibiotic Prophylaxis Before Dental Work Often Unnecessary

Dentists write 10 percent of all prescriptions for antibiotics in the United States

Naloxone Available in One in Three Philadelphia Pharmacies

In chain stores, naloxone was more likely to be in stock and to be available without a prescription

American Society of Clinical Oncology, May 31-June 4

The 55th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology The annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology was held from May...

ADA: Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Lower T2DM Risk

No significant difference in risk for type 2 diabetes seen for those receiving vitamin D, placebo

Model Explores How Statins Alter Multiple Sclerosis Outcomes

Loss of brain volume reduced in patients taking simvastatin independent of effect on cholesterol level

Fewer Black Men Adopt Active Surveillance for Prostate Cancer

Overall, use of active surveillance nearly tripled among both black and nonblack men from 2010 to 2015

Individualized Care Plans Advised for T2DM With Heart Failure

Diabetes mellitus, heart failure often occur concurrently, with each increasing risk of the other

Misuse of Alprazolam Common in the United Kingdom

Survey shows nonmedical use of the antianxiety drug is most common among younger adults

Opioid Safety Initiative Can Decrease Opioid Prescriptions

Reduction seen in opioid prescriptions among patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty

Cell-Free DNA Testing IDs Trisomy 21 in Twin Pregnancies

Performance of cfDNA test for trisomy 21 in twin pregnancies is similar to that in singleton pregnancies

Progressive Muscle Relaxation App Tied to Fewer Migraines

But patients with depression scores were less likely to use either a headache diary or the app

Majority of Teens With Eating Disorders Recover

Teens with slightly older age at anorexia onset have better chance of full recovery

Parkinson Disease Incidence Lower in Hep C Patients Who Receive Antivirals

Advantage of interferon-based antiviral therapy reached statistical significance at five-year follow-up

Survey Indicates Physician Misconduct Is Underreported

Most Americans do not know that state medical board is best resource to contact in case of complaint

Online Intervention May Cut Unnecessary Primary Care Visits

Findings based on reduction in a mother's intent to attend clinic for pediatric respiratory tract infections

Gastric Bypass Tied to Higher Fracture Risk Versus Gastric Band

Increased risk seen for fractures of the hip, wrist, and pelvis, regardless of age

Rapid Cycling Work Roster Improves Resident Sleep Practices

In addition, decreases seen in weekly work hours and in the occurrence of >16 consecutive hour shifts

Medical-Alert Accessory Linked to Lower Rate of ESKD in CKD

However, medical-alert accessory not associated with difference in safety events versus usual care

Receipt of Breast Milk Increases With Gestational Age at Birth

71.3 percent of extremely preterm and 84.6 percent of term infants received any breast milk

WHO: Estimated Incidence of Curable STIs 376.4 Million in 2016

Estimated 127.2, 86.9, 156.0, and 6.3 million cases reported for chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, syphilis

Cardiovascular Health Poorer in Army Personnel Than Civilians

Prevalence of ideal blood pressure lower in U.S. Army personnel versus NHANES respondents

Testicular Cancer Treatment Does Not Up Risk for Offspring Birth Defects

No increased risk seen at posttreatment in children of fathers with testicular germ-cell cancer

Overdose-Death Donor Hearts Suitable for Transplant

Proportion of cardiac transplantations from ODDs increased; no difference seen in terms of overall survival

Midlife Type 2 Diabetes May Up Later Risk for Cerebral Infarction

Genetic, early-life familial environmental factors seem not to contribute to link

Gait Speed Is Prognostic in Older Patients With Blood Cancer

Decrease in gait speed linked to higher mortality, increased odds of unplanned hospitalization, ED use

Burden of New-Onset A-Fib Considerable After TAVI, AVR

Odds of in-hospital mortality increased in TAVI, AVR hospitalization with new-onset atrial fibrillation

Carotid Atherosclerosis Predicts CV Events in Psoriatic Disease

After controlling for Framingham Risk Score, TPA, mean and max cIMT predict incident CVEs

Cholecystectomy Reduces Risk for Stroke in Patients With Gallstones

Asymptomatic and symptomatic gallstone patients have lower overall stroke risk after cholecystectomy

Dietary Supplements May Up Risk for Severe Medical Events

Increased risk seen in association with supplements sold for muscle building, energy, weight loss

ASCO: Enzalutamide Beneficial in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Progression-free, overall survival longer for men with metastatic, hormone-sensitive prostate cancer

Emgality Receives First FDA Approval for Treating Cluster Headache

Patients treated with Emgality had 8.7 fewer cluster headache attacks at 3.0 weeks versus 5.2 with placebo

Few Oncologists Refer Patients to Weight Management Programs

Providers need more support to refer patients to weight management, physical activity programs

App Helps Pediatric Asthma Patients, Parents Self-Monitor

With one year of use, improvements seen in asthma outcomes

Fragmentation Profiles of Cell-Free DNA Can Detect Cancer

Combined with mutation-based cell-free DNA analyses, 91 percent of cancer patients identified

No Evidence of Legacy Effect Seen for Intensive Glucose Lowering

Findings based on 15-year follow-up study conducted among veterans with type 2 diabetes

Increase in CV Mortality Smaller With Medicaid Expansion

Counties in states that expanded Medicaid had significantly smaller increase in cardiovascular mortality

Surveillance Breast MRI Ups Biopsy, Cancer Detection Rates

Better results seen compared with mammography alone in women with a personal history of breast cancer

Lowering Cholesterol Levels May Worsen Nerve Damage in T2DM

Higher number of nerve lesions, declining nerve conduction velocities and amplitudes seen

Postop Delirium May Briefly Up Risk for Cognitive Dysfunction

Correlation seen at one month was no longer significant at two months, six months

Workplace Exposures Contribute to Burden of Respiratory Disease

Substantial contribution seen to burden of diseases including asthma, COPD, chronic bronchitis, fibrosis

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Rate Up in Sexual-Minority Youth

Prevalence of NSSI ranged from 38.04 to 52.97 percent for sexual-minority youth between 2005 and 2017

Young Male Adults Have Lower Cancer Burden Than Women

Incidence of all invasive cancers decreased among men aged 20 to 49 years, increased in women

Staphylococcus aureus Linked to Food Sensitization in Eczema

Children with S. aureus more likely to have persistent egg, peanut allergy independent of eczema severity

Costs, Complications Up for Minorities in Cleft Palate Repair

Hospital charges highest for black and Hispanic patients; more total complications seen for black patients

AI Model Based on Deep Learning Detects ACL Tears on Knee MRI

No significant difference seen between ACL tear detection system, clinical radiologists

Allo-HCT With Unrelated Donor Tied to Better Outcomes in AML

In active AML, outcomes superior for allo-HCT with unrelated donor than for cord blood transplantation

Zerbaxa Approved for Hospital-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia

Drug previously approved for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections, UTIs

ASCO: Survival Up With Ribociclib in Advanced Breast Cancer

OS longer for premenopausal patients receiving ribociclib in addition to endocrine therapy

2000 to 2016 Saw Mortality From Falls Increase for Seniors

Home-based strength and balance retraining exercise program can reduce falls among seniors

ASCO: Combo Regimen Effective in CLL With Coexisting Conditions

Progression-free survival longer with venetoclax-obinutuzumab versus chlorambucil-obinutuzumab

ASCO: Olaparib Beats Placebo for BRCA-Related Pancreatic Cancer

Progression-free survival significantly improved with olaparib versus placebo for metastatic disease

Common Supplement Ingredient Could Harm Fetus, FDA Warns

Vinpocetine is a man-made compound used in some products sold as dietary supplements

Immunizations Up in California After Repeal of Nonmedical Exemptions

At the same time, there was a sharp increase in medical exemptions in a few California counties

Policy Changes Proposed to Meet Projected Need for Palliative Care

Modeling suggests the number of palliative care physicians is decreasing

β-Blockers May Moderate Impact of Stress on Atrial Fibrillation

Likelihood of atrial fibrillation episode up during anger or stress; β-blockers can attenuate effect

May 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Current Strategies for Measles Vaccination Insufficient

Current policies will not eliminate measles or prevent future resurgence in seven high-income countries

May 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for May 2019. This roundup includes...

May 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Pressure Injuries at Time of ICU Admission Tied to Longer Stays

Pressure injuries also may have modest association with higher risk for mortality

May 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

May 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

Gout Linked to Increased Risk for Venous Thromboembolism

Venous thromboembolism risk similar for patients with gout regardless of urate-lowering therapy

May 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

Number, Rate of Detergent Pod Exposures Modestly Declined

Increases seen from 2012 to 2015 in children <6, but 18 percent decrease observed 2015 to 2017

May 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for May 2019. This roundup includes...

May 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

Guidelines Issued for Addressing Heart Disease Risk in HIV

Individuals with HIV have significantly higher rates of CVD, may have underuse of statins, antithrombotics

May 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

May 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

ASCO: Pembrolizumab Noninferior to Chemo in Advanced Gastric Cancer

For patients with PD-L1 combined positive score of ≥10, pembrolizumab prolongs overall survival

May 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

FDA Takes Hard Look at CBD

CBD products have swamped the market due to change in federal law, not because of new medical evidence

May 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Decline in Nontraumatic Lower-Extremity Amputation Slowing

Decline in NLEA among patients with end-stage renal disease with diabetes stabilized since 2013

May 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for May 2019. This roundup...

May 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Many Buprenorphine Prescribers Not Offering New Appointments

However, for those offering new appointments, wait times were not long to receive buprenorphine

May 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for May 2019. This roundup includes...

May 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters Often Used in CKD

Despite guidelines, placement of PICCs common in those with advanced chronic kidney disease

May 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

ACP Issues Position on Response to Physician Impairment

Rehabilitated doctors should be reintegrated into practice as long as patient safety not compromised

May 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Most Older Adults Would Have to Liquidate Assets for Home Care

Fewer older adults with significant disabilities could afford extensive care

May 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

Functional Limitations Persist One Year After Mild TBI

Fifty-three percent of patients with mild traumatic brain injury report functional limitations at 12 months

May 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Higher Surgical Volume May Improve Outcomes in Cervical Cancer

Findings show radical hysterectomy at high-volume centers tied to better survival in early cervical cancer

May 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

ASCO: Low-Dose Chemo Benefits Advanced Gastroesophageal Cancer

Elderly, frail receiving 60 percent of oxaliplatin/capecitabine dose have noninferior PFS, less toxicity

Exercise, Therapy May Improve Depression, Diabetes Outcomes

Exercise and cognitive behavioral therapy can improve depression outcomes in adults with type 2 diabetes

Noncompliance Common in Teens Prescribed STI Treatment in ED

Prescriptions often go unfilled; hospital admission is the only factor associated with prescription filling

Higher LDL-C Levels Linked to Early-Onset Alzheimer Disease

Cases with EOAD have higher levels of LDL-C, greater frequency of rare genetic coding variants of APOB

Esketamine Nasal Spray May Improve Refractory Depression Outcomes

Findings seen among outpatients with treatment-resistant depression using combo nasal spray, oral antidepressant

Lupus Manifestations Appear to Differ by Race, Ethnicity

Increased risk for severe manifestations seen among blacks, Hispanics, and Asians/Pacific Islanders

More Opioids Given Than Prescribed in Emergency Department

Opioids more often given in ED than prescribed at discharge for adult ED visits

Recommendations Developed for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Trials

Biological rationale exists for using treatments proven efficacious in adults with MS for pediatric MS

Excess Cause-Specific Mortality Tied to Chronic Proton Pump Inhibitor Use

Excess mortality due to CVD, CKD, upper GI cancer for those with no indication for PPI use

CDC: Reported Measles Cases Reach 971

With continued outbreaks, CDC says U.S. risks losing measles elimination status

Providers, Peers Influence Aspirin Use Among African-Americans

Positive social environment around a prevention approach may increase uptake, authors say

2007 to 2017 Saw Decline in Number of U.S. Pathologists

At the same time, the cancer-related diagnostic workload rose 42 percent per pathologist

Nonfasting Lipid Levels Adequate for Assessing Cardiovascular Risk

Fasting, nonfasting levels show similar associations with cardiovascular events even for patients on statins

Impaired Vision Tied to Perceived Discrimination in Older Adults

Further, perceived discrimination associated with poorer emotional well-being

FDA to Hold First Public Meeting on CBD

Scheduled speakers will include doctors, consumers, and cannabis industry members

Guidelines Updated for Radiotherapy After Prostatectomy

Updates include adjuvant radiotherapy for patients with adverse pathologic findings, hormonal therapies

Stepped Tx for Alcohol Use Disorder Studied in HIV Patients

Gradually increasing intensity of treatment reduces alcohol intake and improves HIV status

High Costs Associated With Physician Burnout in U.S.

Nationally, about $4.6 billion in costs are related to physician turnover, reduced clinical hours

U.S. Dentists Prescribe Opioids More Often Than U.K. Dentists

Dentists in the United States also prescribe a greater range of opioids, including long-acting opioids

Syncope in Pregnancy May Up Risk for Adverse Outcomes

Syncope may be associated with adverse neonatal and maternal outcomes in first year postpartum

More Steps Tied to Lower Death Risk in Older Women

Association between steps, mortality leveled off at approximately 7,500 steps/day

Weight-Based Teasing Linked to Gain in BMI, Fat Mass for Youth

Teasing in youth with or at risk for overweight associated with greater gain in BMI and fat mass

Early-Onset CRC Rising Fastest for Whites in Western States

Neither increases in prevalence of obesity nor heavy alcohol consumption correlated with CRC trends

Ibrutinib, Venetoclax Active in High-Risk, Seniors With CLL

Findings seen in phase 2 study of combo regimen for first-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Ultra-Processed Food Intake Linked to Increased CVD Risk

Second study shows consumption associated with all-cause mortality with significant dose-response link

No Subfascial, Intramuscular Injection Recommended in Gluteal Fat Grafting

All injections should be performed exclusively into the subcutaneous tissue

Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Shortage Looming

White paper calls for research on practice and policy to support maximizing contributions of PNPs

Mammogram Benefits Seen as More Important Than Harms

Perception varies by knowledge of latest recommendations, date of last mammogram

Experts Develop Standardized Tool for Describing Cell Therapies

Consensus reached on contents of DOSES tool for improving standardization and transparency

Many Immunosuppressed Persons Join in Hurricane Cleanup

Use of respirators low, with about half of those engaged in heavy cleanup wearing respirator

FDA Approves First Test for Zika in Human Blood

The ZIKV Detect 2.0 IgM Capture ELISA is made by Seattle-based InBios

Inappropriate Prescribing Leads to Poor Outcomes in Older Adults

Potentially inappropriate prescribing tied to ED visits, adverse drug events, functional decline

Reading Visit Notes May Improve Medication Management

Patients say note reading helps them understand why meds are prescribed, makes them feel in control

More Than 1 in 4 Middle-Aged Men, Women Have Low Bone Mineral Density

Osteopenia at femoral neck found in 28 percent of men, 26 percent of women aged 35 to 50 years

Hip Fracture Linked to Increased Risk for Death in T2DM Patients

Correlation not affected by adjustment for cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease

Incidence Rates for Aggressive Uterine Cancers on the Rise

Survival rates lowest for non-Hispanic blacks regardless of stage at diagnosis, histologic subtype

Eczema-Related School Absences Higher Among Blacks, Hispanics

3.3 percent of children missed at least six days of school in six months due to their skin condition

Global Burden of Serious Health-Related Suffering to Double by 2060

Fastest increases seen in low-income countries, among older people, and for those with dementia

Energy Drinks Prolong QTc Interval, Elevate Blood Pressure

Findings seen among young, healthy volunteers randomly assigned to energy drinks or placebo

Teen Team Sports Participation Benefits Adult Mental Health

Team sports participation beneficial for individuals exposed to adverse childhood experiences

Extragenital Tests to Detect Chlamydia, Gonorrhea Cleared for Marketing

Tests previously approved for testing urine, vaginal, and endocervical samples

Daratumumab Cuts Risk for Progression in Multiple Myeloma

Adding daratumumab to lenalidomide + dexamethasone beneficial for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma

Long-Term Survival Similar for Endovascular, Open AAA Repair

Overall survival not significantly different for patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning May Have Neuroprotective Effects

Dynamic cerebral autoregulation increased six hours after RIPC, lasts for at least 24 hours

Recent Plateauing Seen in Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes

Following increase from 1990 to 2007, incidence rates significantly decreased since 2007

Transgender No Longer Classified as Mental Health Disorder by WHO

The term 'gender incongruence' will be removed from WHO list of mental disorders

FDA Permits Marketing of Test to Detect Periprosthetic Joint Infection

Synovasure Lateral Flow Test Kit could help patients avoid unnecessary revision surgery