Artificial Pancreas Helps T1DM Patients Meet Glycemic Targets

Patients spent more time in target glycemic range with closed-loop system versus sensor-augmented insulin pump

CDC: Vaccination Coverage Generally High for Those Born in 2015-16

Uninsured children, those insured by Medicaid had lower coverage than those with private insurance

Prediagnostic Colonoscopy Cuts Colorectal Cancer Death Risk

Mortality risk drops 17 percent with one colonoscopy before diagnosis, 45 percent with three colonoscopies

Insurance Plans Vary in Policies for Gender-Affirming Surgeries

Plans often deviate from recommended criteria for coverage; some insurers categorically deny access

Experimental Growth Factor May Aid Knee Osteoarthritis

However, clinical significance uncertain as patients did not report symptom improvement

Study Looks at Pediatric Firearm-Related Eye Injuries in the U.S.

Analysis shows firearm injury risk factors vary by age and race

Risk, Severity of CTE Increase With Years of Football Played

Risk for developing chronic traumatic encephalopathy increased by 30 percent per year of football played

Depression, Anxiety, Stress Impact Adherence to Cardiac Rehab

Patients with moderate depression, anxiety, stress symptoms more likely to drop out of rehab

Quality Improvement Program Lowers Prolonged Steroid Use With IBD

Excess steroid use seen in 14 percent of patients

Outcomes Poorer for Extreme Preemies Transferred After Birth

Outcomes worse for birth in nontertiary hospital, transfer within 48 hours versus birth in tertiary hospital

PTSD Linked to Early Incident TIA, Stroke in Young Veterans

Increased risk seen in cohort of young and middle-aged veterans in unadjusted, fully adjusted models

Suicide, Homicide Rates Up Among Youth Aged 10 to 24

Suicide rates increased from 2007 to 2017, while homicide rates increased from 2014 to 2017

Tesamorelin May Aid Patients With HIV, Fatty Liver Disease

Tesamorelin significantly reduced hepatic fat fraction compared with placebo

Opioid Crisis Cost United States $631 Billion Over Four Years

Cost of opioid epidemic this year likely to be between $171 billion and $214 billion

Brain Recovery After Concussion Lags Symptom Resolution

MRI shows that different physiologic aspects of the brain vary in concussion recovery time

Statins in Childhood Aid Familial Hypercholesteremia Outcomes

Patients show slowed progression of carotid intima-media thickness, lower risk for cardiovascular disease

Surgery May Be Best Option for Some With Refractory Heartburn

Heartburn that is both truly PPI-refractory and reflux-related occurs in a minority of patients

Risk for Cancer Incidence, Mortality Increased With Psoriasis

Overall cancer mortality and mortality for liver, esophageal, pancreatic cancer up with severe psoriasis

Abnormal Menstrual Cycle Linked to Elevated Mortality

Women reporting irregular menstrual cycle at 14 to 17, 18 to 22 more likely to die from any causes

Sweetened Drinks Represent Majority of Children’s Drink Sales

Unsweetened 100 percent juice drinks represent just 38 percent of children's drink sales

Breast Reduction Surgery Improves Well-Being for Young Patients

Complications generally minor; most patients improved in physical and psychosocial well-being

Postop Opioid Rx Sevenfold Higher in U.S., Canada Versus Sweden

About 75 percent of patients in U.S. and Canada fill opioid prescriptions versus 11 percent in Sweden

Dopamine Agonists Tied to Higher Risk for Psychiatric Events

Findings seen in large study of patients with restless leg syndrome starting dopamine agonists

Maternal Lead Exposure Tied to Obesity Risk in Offspring

However, adequate maternal folate status appears to mitigate risk

Opioids May Not Be Needed for Acute Pain Control After Vasectomy

Initially prescribed opioids have higher rate of persistent use but no acute improved pain control

Boosting Testosterone Ups Women’s Athletic Performance

Authors say findings have implications for classification in international sporting competitions

High Perceived Stress Tied to Higher Blood Pressure in Blacks

Association persisted after adjustment for demographic, clinical, and behavioral factors

CDC Releases Clinical Guidance on E-Cigarette Lung Injury

Guidelines highlight importance of asking patients about e-cigarette, or vaping, use in nonjudgmental way

Meat Study Authors Have Financial Ties to Beef Industry

Annals of Internal Medicine study claims the health threat from red, processed meat is overstated

Reconstructive Surgery International Trips Are Cost-Effective and Sustainable

Benefits greatest for cancer-related conditions, cleft lip/palate, and hand conditions

Nonpharmacologic Interventions Reduce Agitation in Dementia

Nonpharmacologic more efficacious than pharmacologic interventions for reducing aggression, agitation

Decrease Seen in Football Practice-Related Concussions

In sex-comparable sports, concussion rates higher for girls; girls also had more recurrent concussions

Gastric Bypass Linked to Lower Risk for Major Birth Defects

Major birth defects recorded in 3.4 percent of infants born to mothers with gastric bypass surgery

Children With Autism Found to Have Higher Risk for Obesity

Obesity seen in 22 percent of children with autism spectrum disorders

Reconstructive Surgery International Trips Are Cost Effective and Sustainable

Benefits greatest for cancer-related conditions, cleft lip/palate, and hand conditions

Likelihood of Transplant Lower at Profit-Driven Dialysis Facilities

More research needed to understand the mechanisms behind difference in transplant access

Rates of Head, Neck Melanoma Up in North American Youth

Risk for head, neck melanoma higher for male sex, older age, non-Hispanic white ethnicity

Pulmonary Embolism Risk Elevated for More Than Six Weeks Postop

Findings based on six common surgery types in large French study

Black Patients With Diabetes Have Higher 30-Day Readmission Rates

Risk greatest for lower-income patients hospitalized in nonprofit, academic, or large hospitals

Study Compares Anticoagulants for Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Authors find rivaroxaban not noninferior to vitamin K antagonists for secondary thromboprophylaxis

Increase in Suicide Attempts Seen for Black Adolescents

Across all sex and racial/ethnic groups, linear decrease seen in self-reported suicidal ideation, suicide plans

Bipolar Disorder May Increase Risk for Developing Parkinson Disease

Literature review shows increased likelihood of idiopathic PD with previous diagnosis of BD

2009-2015 Saw Breastfeeding Up for Most Races/Ethnicities

Disparities in breastfeeding rates increased between black, white infants from 2009-10 to 2014-15

Poor Glycemic Control May Up Risk for Stroke, Death in T2DM

Risk for stroke, death increased with each 10 mmol/mol increase in HbA1c level

Too Much, Too Little Weight Gain May Harm Twin Pregnancies

Study informs guidance for ranges of safe, unsafe weight gain in twin pregnancies

Barriers to Timely Access to Pediatric Hearing Aids Identified

Severity of hearing loss lessens time from testing to ordering of hearing aids

Lumacaftor-Ivacaftor Aids Cystic Fibrosis in Real-World Setting

Improved lung function, increased BMI, reduced need for IV antibiotics seen after one year of therapy

Patient Portal Use Has Positive Impact on Preventive Health Behaviors

Portal users more likely to be younger, white, have commercial insurance, higher annual income

Global Prevalence of Pediatric Hypertension About 4 Percent

Meta-analysis of 47 articles used to estimate pooled prevalence in the general pediatric population

Patients With T2DM Who Have Flu More Likely to Be Hospitalized

Mortality risk for flu-related hospitalizations lower for those with versus without type 2 diabetes

Nearly 5 Million Youth Are Obese in the United States

Obesity rate has held steady in recent years

Caution Urged When Taking Patients Off Opioid Painkillers

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issues guidance to help doctors taper patients safely

Effects on Quality of Life Mixed for Tx of Multiple Myeloma

Reduced pain but worsening of neuropathy seen for IxaThalDex induction tx in relapsed/refractory MM

Ibrutinib Therapy Linked to New, Worsened Hypertension

Ibrutinib-related hypertension associated with increased risk for major adverse cardiovascular events

Recommendations Developed for Preventing Secondary Fractures

Coalition reaches consensus on guidance for patients 65 years and older with hip or vertebral fracture

Changes in Household Income Tied to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Drop in income linked to higher risk for incident disease, while increase in income lowers risk

Retinal Nerve Fiber Loss Linked to Disability in Multiple Sclerosis

Reductions in thickness significantly associated with physical, cognitive disability

Cost of Waste in U.S. Health System Estimated

Total annual costs of waste vary from $760 to $935 billion; estimated savings range from $191 to $282 billion

Testosterone, Estradiol Levels May Play Role in Sex Differences in Asthma

Effect of sex hormones modified by obesity in adults with asthma

Dog Ownership May Lower Risk for Death After Major CV Event

And, review shows dog ownership tied to reduced risk for all-cause, cardiovascular mortality

Proportion of Seniors Taking Antidepressants Has More Than Doubled

But no change was seen in prevalence of depression from 1990-1993 to 2008-2011

2017 to 2018 Saw Increases in Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis

Higher rates of chlamydia seen among teens, young adults; men who have sex with men driving syphilis up

California Pharmacists Can Dispense HIV Prevention Meds Without Rx

Medications include both preexposure prophylaxis and postexposure prophylaxis

Walgreens and Kroger Halt E-Cigarette Sales

Decision due to the 'increasingly complex regulatory environment associated with these products'

American Airlines Passengers May Have Been Exposed to Hepatitis A

Airline is working with the CDC to coordinate 'any required health and safety related measures'

Only Half of Pregnant Women Receive Recommended Vaccines

Influenza and whooping cough remain a major source of hospitalizations among pregnant women, infants

Primary Care Appointment Time Impacts Prescribing of Opioids

Appointment time and running behind schedule significantly affect likelihood of opioid prescription

Aggressive Lowering of HbA1c in T1DM Does Not Reduce Eye, Kidney Disease

Sweden's lower HbA1c target values not linked to further organ protection

PARP Inhibitor Slows Progression of Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Veliparib added to chemotherapy, continued as maintenance tx prolongs progression-free survival

Burnout Linked to Poor Quality Care in Published Literature

But effect size may be smaller than reported, especially for objective quality measures

Hydroxychloroquine Blood Levels Predict Retinopathy Risk in Lupus

Prospective cohort study demonstrates link between HCQ blood levels and retinopathy risk

Pediatric Firearm Injury Prevention Research Underfunded

30-fold increase in firearm injury research needed for funding to correspond with mortality burden

Increasing Intake of Any Sugary Drink Ups Diabetes Risk

Substituting one sugary drink daily with one water, coffee, or tea lowers risk

Teens Using Oral Contraceptives Report More Depressive Symptoms

No association seen between oral contraceptives, depressive symptoms when ages 16 to 25 years were combined

Back Sleeping in Late Pregnancy Linked to Lower Birth Weight

Authors say this is a modifiable risk and campaigns should target third-trimester side sleeping

Indoor Tanning May Up Risk for Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Dose-response association found between indoor tanning and SCC risk among women

Treatment of Male Breast Cancer Has Evolved From 2004 to 2014

Significant increases seen in total mastectomy, radiotherapy after breast conservation, endocrine tx

Bill Aims to Limit Nicotine in E-Cigarette Products

Bill would restrict nicotine content to a maximum of 20 mg/mL

Mortality Down for Autoantibody-Associated Vasculitides Patients

Average annual decline of 1.6 percent in AAV-related mortality rate seen from 1999 to 2017 in the U.S.

OTC Meds Often Used in Drug-Related Suicide Attempts in Youth

ADHD meds commonly used by those aged 10 to 15 years, while sedative/hypnotics used more by older youth

Many Perceive People With Mental Illness as Dangerous

By 2018, more than 60 percent perceived those with schizophrenia as dangerous; many support coercive treatment

Low-FODMAP Diet Relieves Gut Symptoms for More IBD Patients

Adequate relief of gut symptoms reported for more patients following low-FODMAP versus control diet

Older Adults Have Mixed Feelings About Telehealth Visits

Only 4 percent of older adults have had a video-based telehealth visit in the past year

Financial Incentives Have Short-Term Effect on BP Control

Findings seen in randomized trial of highly disadvantaged patients with uncontrolled HTN

Hysterectomy Technique Tied to Poorer Uterine Cancer Outcomes

Uncontained uterine power morcellation tied to higher mortality in women with undetected uterine cancer

Data Suggest Viral Etiology for Pediatric Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Seventy-nine percent of confirmed cases of AFM had antecedent respiratory or febrile illness

Guideline for Community-Acquired Pneumonia Updated

Recommendations relate to diagnosis, management; recommend against routine use of Gram stain, culture

Survey: Many U.S. Adults Not Planning to Get Flu Vaccine

Vaccine knowledge and anticipated rates of vaccination even lower for pneumococcal disease

eGFR Affects Risk for Opioid-Related Death, Hospitalization

Relative risk for death associated with opioids higher at lower estimated glomerular filtration rate

With Comorbidities, Less Than Six Hours of Sleep Ups Risk for Early Death

Risk for dying from heart attack, stroke twofold higher among those with high BP, diabetes and short sleep

Fairly Modest Weight Loss Tied to Diabetes Remission

Authors say more should be done to support weight loss early in the disease trajectory

Considerable Proportion of ICU Admissions May Be Preventable

ICU hospitalizations for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions have decreased during a 10-year period

Medicaid Pays 75 Percent of What Medicare Pays for Spine Surgeries

Study authors report differences in reimbursement for certain procedures may impact access to care

PCI, CABG for Left Main CAD Have Similar Five-Year Outcomes

Findings reported for composite outcomes for 1,905 patients with left main coronary artery disease

Drug Combo Extends Survival in Advanced Breast Cancer

Benefit seen for addition of CDK4/6 inhibitor after progression of disease on endocrine therapy

North Carolina Outbreak of Legionnaires’ Traced to Hot Tub Display

Walking by display of hot tubs is likely source of disease, state health officials say

Food Insecurity Linked to Chronic Disease in Young Adults

Second study shows food insecurity linked to mental health problems, poorer sleep outcomes

Hepatitis C Virus Infection Rates Up for Women Giving Birth

Rates of HCV infection are much higher among women with opioid use disorder

Triplet Tx Ups Survival in BRAF V600E-Mutated Colorectal Cancer

Overall survival longer for encorafenib, cetuximab, and binimetinib combo versus standard therapy

Older Adults Need More Help Navigating Health Care System

Better understanding of health insurance benefits may help with navigating health care system, survey finds

Few Older European Men Aware of Prostate Function

New survey reveals low levels of awareness about prostate health in men older than 50 years of age

PTSD Symptoms Tied to Higher Risk for Ovarian Cancer

Correlation moderately attenuated after adjustment for health and ovarian cancer risk factors

Changes in Air Pollution Levels May Affect Risk for Preterm Birth

For second pregnancy, risk higher among low-risk women with high, persistent air pollution exposure

Enhanced Recovery Program Aids Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Extended hospital stays after surgery reduced by almost half with no adverse effects

Risk Calculator Can Help Predict Postmenopausal Morbidity

The online tool assesses risks for heart disease, stroke, falls, cancer for postmenopausal women

Universal Screening for Autism Feasible in Pediatric Network

Sensitivity of 38.8 percent found for M-CHAT/F; specificity lower in children of color, lower-income households

2014 to 2018 Saw Decrease in Twin Birth Rate in U.S.

Four percent decrease to 32.6 twins per 1,000 total births marked lowest rate in more than a decade

Ligelizumab Safely, Effectively Treats Hives

Doses of 72 mg or 240 mg tied to complete control of symptoms after 12-week trial

Three-Drug Single Inhaler Treats Uncontrolled Asthma in Adults

Findings seen in two large international clinical trials comparing three-drug inhaler to two-drug inhaler

United States Will Keep Measles Elimination Status

Elimination status can be removed by the WHO when measles has been spreading continuously for a year

Cases of Serious Vaping-Linked Lung Injury Now Top 1,000

New England Journal of Medicine article presents lung histopathology findings from recent cases

Factors Predict Low BMD in Pediatric Blood Cancer Survivors

Low bone mineral density detected during guideline-recommended dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

2014 to 2018 Saw Drop in Flavored Tobacco Products in Youth

Current use of flavored e-cigarettes among high school students increased during same period

Hyperemesis Gravidarum Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder

Rates of ASD increased for children exposed to HG in utero; risk up for boys, girls, whites, Hispanics

Risk Tool Can Predict Heart Failure in Patients With Diabetes

AI model integrates readily available clinical, laboratory, and electrocardiographic data

Hypothermia Aids Cardiac Arrest With Nonshockable Rhythm

Higher percentage of patients survived with favorable neurologic outcome at day 90

Smartphone-Operated One-Lead ECG Detects A-Fib, Flutter

High sensitivity, specificity demonstrated for atrial arrhythmia

Gradual ACS Symptom Onset Linked to Delay in Presentation for Acute Care

More than half of men with abrupt onset of symptoms, STEMI reported symptoms triggered by exertion

Care at High-Volume Facility May Cut Mortality in Multiple Myeloma

Mortality did not differ for those treated by NCICCC MM specialists, highest-volume community oncologists

Monitoring HTN Med Adherence Does Not Improve BP Control

Text messaging and remote monitoring can aid adherence but not blood pressure control

Youngest in Classroom at Higher Risk for Diagnosis of Depression

Children at young relative age within the school year also at higher risk for ADHD, intellectual disability

Obesity Associated With Higher Risk for Chronic Diarrhea

Relationship appears independent of dietary, lifestyle, psychological, medical comorbidities

Few Critical Care Nurses Feel Competent in Providing Palliative Care

Moral distress levels vary with perceived use of care; higher levels of distress seen with less frequent use

Only Half of Ear, Nose, Throat Infections Receive Recommended Antibiotics

First-line antibiotics prescribed at 50 percent of outpatient visits for pharyngitis, sinusitis, otitis media

Breast Cancer Mortality Rate Continues to Decline in the U.S.

Pace of decline slowed from 1.9 percent during 1998 to 2011 to 1.3 percent during 2011 to 2017

Johnson & Johnson Settles Opioid Suit With Two Ohio Counties

Drug maker agrees to pay Cuyahoga and Summit counties $10 million without admitting liability

Bans on Flavored Electronic Cigarettes Continue

Los Angeles also banning flavored tobacco products, chewing tobacco, and menthol cigarettes

Urinary Catheters Not Needed for Joint Replacement Surgery

There is no increased risk for adverse genitourinary complications without the catheter

Early Adult Income Volatility Tied to Later Brain Health

Association found between income volatility, cognitive function, brain integrity

Isoniazid Tx to Prevent TB Ups Risks During HIV+ Pregnancy

Deferring treatment until after delivery appears to be safer option

Medicare Spends More Than $6 Billion on Secondary Fractures

A fracture should trigger clinical attention to reduce the risk for future fractures, authors say

September 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for September 2019. This roundup includes...

September 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

North Carolina Legionnaires’ Case Count Climbs to 79

Health officials have not found cause of the outbreak

September 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

September 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Elderly Who Start Thiopurine Tx for IBD Have Higher Risk for AEs

Advanced age, female gender are independent risk factors for adverse events

September 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Incidence of HPV-Positive Head and Neck Cancer Up in the U.S.

From 2013 to 2014, incidence of HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancers was 4.62 per 100,000 persons

September 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Asthma-Related ED Use Up for Children With Anxiety, Depression

Children with asthma and anxiety, depression, or both have increased rates of asthma-linked ED use

September 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for September 2019. This roundup...

September 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Uptitration of Drugs Varies With Target Dosage in Chronic HF

When target is higher versus lower dosage, uptitration stops further from recommended dosage

September 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for September 2019. This roundup includes...

September 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Food Insecurity Prevalent Among Medicare Enrollees

Odds of food insecurity up with reporting four or more chronic conditions, depression, anxiety

September 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

Marine Omega-3 Supplements May Lower CVD Risk

Updated meta-analysis shows lower risks for MI, CHD death, total CHD, CVD death, total CVD

September 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Decrease in Stroke Incidence Continued Through 2017 in ARIC

Decrease in stroke rates for 1987 to 2011 extended to 2017; decrease seen across decades, sex, race

September 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

Glycemic Control Worse Than Thought in Adults With T1DM

Rates of both acute and chronic complications significantly increase with increasing HbA1c

September 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Juul Halts Funding for San Francisco Vaping Ballot Initiative

News comes as Nebraska sees first vaping-related death; U.S. total now 15

September 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

FDA: Pacemakers, Insulin Pumps Could Be Hacking Targets

Cyberattackers could take control of a medical device and cause it not to work properly or at all

September 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Some Nutritional Supplements May Aid Mental Health Conditions

Nutrient supplements had good safety profiles, no known contraindications with psychiatric medications

September 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for September 2019. This roundup includes...

September 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

USPSTF Finds Evidence Lacking to Prevent Illicit Drug Use in Youth

Evidence insufficient to recommend primary care interventions to prevent, cut drug use in youth

September 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

September 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

No Benefit Found for High-Dose Vitamin C Infusions in Sepsis, ARDS

No differences seen versus placebo in organ dysfunction scores, biomarkers of inflammation or vascular injury

September 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

Panel Votes Yes to Current Level of Red, Processed Meat Intake

Weak recommendations with low-certainty evidence based on five systematic reviews

Nintedanib Slows Fibrosing Interstitial Lung Disease

Nintedanib linked to lower rate of decline in forced vital capacity versus placebo in phase 3 trial

Nivolumab Therapy Prolongs Survival in Advanced Melanoma

Overall survival at five years longer with nivolumab + ipilimumab, nivolumab alone versus ipilimumab

Low Cancer Suspicion Tied to Delay in CRC Referral in Primary Care

Presentation without alarm symptoms linked to long duration to referral in multivariable analysis

Childhood Secondhand Smoke Tied to Later Atrial Fibrillation

Each pack/day increase in parental smoking ups offspring risk by 18 percent

Adverse Outcomes Up for Vaginal Birth After Previous C-Section

However, women with planned VBAC more likely to breastfeed at birth, discharge, and six to eight weeks

Most Severe Forms of Mental Illness Lead to Highest CVD Risk

Findings seen in both male and female veterans with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia

Heart Disease May Up Risk for Allopurinol-Linked Cutaneous AEs

Risk for hospital admission increased for allopurinol-associated severe cutaneous adverse reactions

Recommendations Updated for Management of Pediatric ADHD

Recommendations include screening for comorbid conditions, understanding ADHD is chronic condition

Rivaroxaban Cuts Recurrent Blood Clots in Obese Patients

Patients on rivaroxaban also have lower health care resource utilization than those on warfarin

Crude Incidence of Candidemia 8.7 Per 100,000 in 2012 to 2016

Incidence highest in older adults (≥65 years); higher for men than women, blacks versus nonblacks

Washington State Bans Sale of Flavored Electronic Cigarettes

Sale of all flavored e-cigarettes will stop for 120 days; ban can be extended after 120 days

CDC Says People Can Contract Tuberculosis From Deer

Anyone working closely with animals that might carry the infection should be screened for tuberculosis

CVS Halts Sales of OTC Zantac

Tests have found low levels of the nitrosamine impurity NDMA in some ranitidine products

Eight Touchpoints May Predict Opioid Overdoses

These factors identify more than half of opioid overdose decedents and may represent prevention opportunities

2009 to 2017 Saw Pediatric Developmental Disability Increase

Significant increases in prevalence of any developmental disability and in ADHD, ASD, intellectual disability

Sports Specialization Ups Injury Risk, Especially in Girls

Volume of vigorous activity is a strong predictor of injuries for both boys and girls

Less Bleeding With Ticagrelor Alone in High-Risk Patients

Less bleeding with ticagrelor alone versus ticagrelor plus aspirin for patients after PCI

Outcomes Similar With Hip Arthroplasty, Hemiarthroplasty

Incidence of secondary hip procedure within 24 months of follow-up did not differ between groups

ASCO: More Than One in Five Millennials Use E-Cigarettes

Most adults agree e-cigarettes cause cancer while more Millennials, Gen Z believe them to be harmless

DPP4 Inhibitors Do Not Up Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Findings based on comparison to sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones

Mental Health Service Use Up After Bariatric Surgery

Deliberate self-harm presentations to an ED increased fivefold after bariatric surgery

Preemptive Kidney Transplants Up After KAS Implementation

However, disparities persist, with recipients more likely to be white, female, have private insurance