Burnout Symptoms May Up Racial Bias Among Resident Physicians

Residents with burnout had greater explicit racial bias, implicit racial bias scores after adjustment

Risk for Allergy Development Increased After Gastric Acid Inhibitor Use

Rates ratios increased with increasing age and were more prominent in women

Estimated U.K. Incidence Rate of Lyme Disease 12.1 per 100,000

If increase continues, more than 8,000 cases expected in United Kingdom by end of 2019

Moving House in First Trimester Linked to Worse Infant Outcomes

Residence change linked to low birth weight and preterm birth in all socioeconomic strata

With Standard Care, BP Control Still Worse in Low-Income Areas

Outcomes worse for some adverse cardiovascular events for participants in lowest-income sites

Preeclampsia History Increases Risk for End-Stage Kidney Disease

ESKD risk highest for women with preterm preeclampsia and/or preeclampsia in two pregnancies

Trial Tests CRISPR Gene-Editing to Treat Sickle Cell Disease

Study seeks to recruit up to 45 adults with severe sickle cell disease

10.6 Percent of Seniors Estimated as Current Binge Drinkers

Prevalence of binge drinking higher for non-Hispanic African-Americans, tobacco users, cannabis users

U-Shaped Association Found for Hemoglobin Level, Dementia Risk

Similar correlations seen with structural connectivity and white matter hyperintensity volume on brain MRI

Biologic Tx for Psoriasis May Reduce Coronary Inflammation

Findings indicated by perivascular fat attenuation index, as measured by coronary CT angiography

Oil, Gas Well Exposure May Up Risk for Congenital Heart Defects

Link especially strong for births to mothers living in rural areas with oil, gas activity

CDC: General Fertility Rate, Teen Birth Rate Decreasing in U.S.

However, from 2017 to 2018, increase seen in percentage of births delivered preterm and early term

Changes in Radial Pulse During Menopause May Reflect CV Risk

Age and body mass index, but not menopause, have significant, independent effects on systolic BP

Poll: Patients Want to Talk to Physicians About Self-Care

Physicians largely agree that self-care is an important part of health and well-being

Work-Related Injuries Up Suicide and Drug-Related Death

Suicide and drug-related mortality higher in both male and female injured workers

CIED Complication Rates Vary Considerably Among Hospitals

Rates from 5.3 to 14.3 percent seen in hospitals that implanted at least 25 devices during study period

SGLT-2 Inhibitor Use Not Linked to Increased Risk for UTI Events

Findings seen in propensity-matched cohorts versus receipt of DPP-4 inhibitors or GLP-1 agonists

National Norms Developed for Assessing Medical School Empathy

Any raw score on the Jefferson Score of Empathy can be converted to percentile rank

First Surgery for Ischemic Leg Ulcer May Affect Amputation Risk

But mortality did not differ for initial treatment with open surgical bypass or endovascular intervention

Earlier Puberty in Swedish Boys Only Partially Due to Higher BMI

Trend from 1947 to 1996 partially explained by increasing childhood body mass index

Hearing Loss Takes Mental, Social, Physical Toll on Older People

Early identification and intervention could reduce risk for these poor health outcomes

Global Burden of Childhood Cancers Examined

Burden of childhood cancers disproportionately affects populations in resource-limited settings

New Opioid Rx Rules Coming for U.S. Employees’ Health Plans

New Federal Employee Health Benefits Program rules are meant to prevent overprescribing

$70 Million Settlement Reached in Generic Drug Delay Case

In pay-to-delay deals, generic drug makers paid to keep cheaper version of the drug off market

Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreak Linked to Atlanta Hotel

11 people with confirmed Legionnaires' disease attended convention at the hotel; no deaths reported

Lifesaving Drug for Infants Costs $2.1 Million a Dose

When Zolgensma was approved, maker Novartis said it expected insurance companies to cover the cost

Authors Say Lower BP Targets May Cut Recurrent Stroke Risk

Data from randomized trial with nonsignificant findings added to updated meta-analysis

Exposure to Urban Tree Canopy Beneficial for Mental Health

≥30 percent green space, tree canopy specifically, linked to lower incidence of psychological distress

Delay in Time to Chemo Impacts Survival in Breast Cancer

Time interval from diagnosis to surgery has largest impact on time from diagnosis to chemo initiation

Previous Silent MI Often Found at Autopsy in Sudden Cardiac Death

Previous silent MI ID'd in 42 percent of those with sudden cardiac death related to undiagnosed CAD

AI Model Can Predict Long-Term Mortality From Chest Radiographs

Deep learning CXR-risk score based on single chest radiograph identifies risk for long-term mortality

Random Plasma Glucose Levels Can Predict Diabetes Diagnosis

For two RPGs ≥115 mg/dL, sensitivity 87 percent and specificity 77 percent for predicting diabetes diagnosis

Serious Falls Pose Risk to People Living With HIV

Benzodiazepines, muscle relaxants related to serious falls in people living with HIV

Consumer Products Tied to Three-Fourths of Youth Brain Injuries

Findings indicate priority areas for TBI prevention and intervention, including floors and beds

Half of Deaths After Noncardiac Surgery Due to 3 Complications

Major bleeding, myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery, sepsis account for 44.9 percent of deaths

Pediatricians Have Role to Play in Addressing Racism

Infants of color, especially African-Americans, are most often disadvantaged in NICU

Opioid Prescribing, New Persistent Use Down After Childbirth

Strongest modifiable factor linked to new persistent use after delivery was filling Rx before delivery

Substantial Costs Attributable to Hospital-Acquired C. Difficile

Direct costs come from extended length of stay and increased hospitalization costs

N.C. Man Dies of Brain-Eating Amoeba After Visiting Water Park

Infection can occur when Naegleria fowleri-contaminated water enters body through the nose

Experts Warn of Mosquito-Borne Brain Infection in Florida

Eastern equine encephalitis has been detected in several sentinel chickens

JUUL E-Cigarettes Never Meant for Teens, Company Cofounder Says

Top executive for JUUL Labs testified this week before Congress

Testosterone Replacement Therapy May Increase Cardiovascular Risk

Increased risk in men on TRT for composite of heart attack, ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack

Adherence to Aerobic Activity Guidelines Not Up Since 2008

Over time, significant increase seen in the time spent on sedentary behavior among U.S. adults

Outpatient Service Receipt Down After Medicaid Disenrollment

Decrease in likelihood of receiving any outpatient service among adults with mental health disorders

Model Fails to Predict Risk for Maternal ICU Admission

Model intended to predict admission to maternal ICU based on cumulative effect of multiple risk factors

Some Men at Risk for HIV Do Not Live Near PrEP Provider

Thirteen percent of PrEP-eligible men who have sex with men live in 30-minute-drive deserts

Mortality Up in Women With Central Obesity, Regardless of BMI

Normal weight with central obesity tied to higher risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality

Sling, PT May Be OK for Two-Part Proximal Humerus Fractures

Findings in older adults counter current preference for surgical treatment of this type of fracture

Online Symptom Self-Management + Telehealth Aids Pain, Mood

Collaborative care led by a nurse-physician team with web-based self-management better than self-management alone

Thyroidectomy Complication Rate Down When Surgeon Volume Up

Statistically significant decreases in complication rates, but absolute decreases were low

Daily E-Cigarette Use May Increase Prolonged Cigarette Abstinence

No association for nondaily e-cigarette use with prolonged regular cigarette smoking abstinence

Vitamin D Supplementation Beneficial for Glucose Metabolism

Benefits on peripheral insulin sensitivity, disposition index for those at-risk or newly-diagnosed with T2DM

Review Supports Testosterone for Low Sexual Desire in Women

Beneficial effects for postmenopausal women, with preference for nonoral testosterone administration

Roxadustat Noninferior to Epoetin Alfa in Dialysis Patients

And for anemia in patients with kidney disease not undergoing dialysis, roxadustat is superior to placebo

FDA: Blood Clot, Death Risk Up With Higher Dose of Tofacitinib

Increased risk seen with 10 mg dose of tofacitinib used for treating ulcerative colitis

First U.S. Trial Using CRISPR Within the Body Set to Begin

Researchers will attempt to give patients with Leber congenital amaurosis a healthy version of the gene they lack

Taking Prescription Opioids Could Limit Primary Care Access

40 percent of primary care clinics won't take new patients using opioid painkillers, regardless of insurance type

Female Oncologists Attend Fewer Conferences Than Men

Whether meeting conflicted with child care responsibilities was important factor for women

Bariatric Surgery Up in Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease

Complication rates similar for patients with, without ESKD undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy

Most Pediatric In-Flight Medical Events Handled by Crew

Overall, 16.5 percent require additional care on landing; 0.5 percent lead to aircraft diversion

ASCT May Offer Alternative for Tx of High-Risk Follicular Lymphoma

Autologous stem cell transplantation explored for high-risk, early therapy failure FL prior to rituximab use

FDA Approves First Noninjection Glucagon Therapy

Baqsimi nasal powder approved for emergency treatment of severe hypoglycemia in patients ≥4 years

Targeted Interventions Raise HPV Vaccine Acceptance in Women

Educational videos produced the highest rate of acceptability and knowledge

Minor Changes in BMD Seen With Tenofovir PrEP in Short Term

Those at high risk for fracture who plan prolonged PrEP use may wish to consider alternative strategies

Exposure to Air Pollution Tied to Raised Odds of NICU Admission

Acute exposure during week prior to delivery, day of and day prior to delivery may up odds of admission

Review Examines Methods for Diagnosis of Elevated ICP in Critically Ill

Physical examination features not sensitive enough for diagnosis of elevated ICP in critically ill patients

Increase in Rates of Medical Imaging in Pregnancy in U.S., Canada

Increases in the United States and Ontario, Canada, in CT rates, MRI rates, radiography rates

No Indication of ‘July Effect’ in Context of Cardiac Surgery

No variation in in-hospital mortality by procedure month, academic year quartile for cardiac procedures

BPA Substitute Chemicals Linked to Obesity in Children

Urinary BPS concentrations tied to increased prevalence of general, abdominal obesity

Higher Fasting Plasma Glucose May Up Pancreatic Cancer Risk

Continuous increase in risk of pancreatic cancer with elevating fasting glucose, even within normal range

CDC: Mortality Rates Continue to Decrease for Hispanic Adults

Difference in death rates between non-Hispanic white, Hispanic adults widened from 2000 to 2017

FDA Warns CBD Product Maker About False Claims

Agency says unproven claims about CBD products could lead consumers to delay medical care

Allergan Recalls Textured Breast Implants Linked to Lymphoma

FDA requested recall to protect women from breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma

Private Equity Stake Rising Among Dermatology Practices

Annual acquisitions increased from five in 2012 to 59 in 2017; 34 more occurred through May 31, 2018

Adiposity in Early Old Age Tied to MRI Signs of Brain Aging Later

Higher BMI, larger waist circumference in one's 60s significantly associated with cortical thinning

Mediterranean Diet May Reduce Gestational Diabetes Risk

But no reduction seen in risk for adverse composite maternal, offspring complications with Med diet

In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests in the U.S. May Be Underestimated

Authors say that cardiac arrest is a 'major public health problem'

Tissue Adhesive, Sterile Strips Similar After Cesarean Section

No difference seen between groups in risk for wound complications after closure of Pfannenstiel incision

Metformin May Lower Dementia Risk in Black Patients With T2DM

Findings strongest in younger African-American patients aged 50 to 64 years

Cancer Risks Examined in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Increased incidences found for lymphoma, lung cancer (in male patients), and cervical cancer

Weight Loss Experiences Differ for Minority Groups With T2DM

Individual session attendance more strongly tied to weight loss in Hispanics, African-Americans

Former NFL Participation Linked to Increased A-Fib Prevalence

Former NFL players also had eightfold higher prevalence of paced cardiac rhythms versus controls

Periop Diabetic Ketoacidosis Seen in Patients on SGLT2 Inhibitors

Testing for acid load needed in patients with diabetes taking sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors

WHO ‘Treat All’ Recommendation for HIV Widely Implemented

Findings seen in rural, primary-level health facilities in low-resource settings

Cuts in Fine Particulate Matter Pollution Have Spared U.S. Lives

Reductions in PM2.5 since 1999 estimated to have lowered mortality in all but 14 counties

CV Event Risk Up With Rejected, Abandoned PCSK9i Prescriptions

Rejection rates higher for PCSK9i prescriptions for women, racial minorities, lower-income groups

MGUS Can Progress to Multiple Myeloma Within Five Years

Risk factors associated with progression include IgA isotype, 15 g/L or more monoclonal spike

Senate Bill Would Reduce Drug Costs for Seniors

Bill would limit drug copays for people with Medicare Part D by capping annual out-of-pocket costs

Nonphysican Practitioners Filling Post-ACA Primary Care Gap

New Medicaid beneficiaries seeing nurse practitioners, physician assistants

2001 to 2017 Saw Increase in Suicides in African-American Teens

Male teens were most likely to use firearms or hang/suffocate themselves to commit suicide

USPSTF Reaffirms Benefit of Hep B Screening in Pregnant Women

USPSTF continues to recommend screening for HBV infection in pregnant women at the first prenatal visit

Filgotinib Bests Placebo in Tx of Refractory Rheumatoid Arthritis

Clinical response rate higher among patients with active RA resistant to treatment with biologic agents

Neural-Tube Defects Up for Offspring of Women on Dolutegravir

Prevalence of neural-tube defects with dolutegravir higher than with other antiretroviral tx

Long-Term Diastolic Dysfunction Seen After Early Preeclampsia

Cardiac dysfunction associated with previous preeclampsia is quantifiable and persistent

One in Five Workers Exposed to Secondhand Smoke on the Job

Prevalence highest for those working in industries with outdoor workplaces unprotected by smoke-free laws

Stimulant Treatment Has Strong Protective Effect in ADHD

Number needed to treat was low and varied from three to 10 for youth with ADHD

T2DM Increases Gastric Cancer Risk After H. Pylori Eradication

Targeted screening should be considered in high-risk patients following H. pylori eradication therapy

Reducing Air Pollution Could Cut Rates of Childhood Asthma

Compliance with hypothetical standard of 20 ppb NO2 estimated to result in 20 percent reduction in asthma

Initiating Stroke Tx 15 Minutes Earlier Can Improve Outcomes

Findings seen in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with endovascular-reperfusion therapy

Reoperation Rate Down With Retropubic Sling for Incontinence

Cumulative incidence of reoperation significantly lower versus transobturator sling

State-Level Firearm Ownership Linked to Domestic Firearm Homicide

No correlation observed for firearm ownership with nondomestic firearm homicide

Initial Sustained Remission Common in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Male sex, early RA, treatment-naive, shorter time to remission tied to greater likelihood of remission

Proportion of CRC Diagnoses Increased in Adults Younger Than 50

Younger adults presenting with colorectal cancer present with more advanced disease than older adults

FDA Grants First Approvals for Generic Versions of Lyrica

Generic versions approved for neuropathic pain management, fibromyalgia, partial onset seizures

Smoking Has Long-Term Impact on Peripheral Artery Disease Risk

Risk for peripheral artery disease remains 30 years after smoking cessation

Almost One in Four Adults ≥40 Takes Aspirin for CVD Prevention

Nearly half of U.S. adults aged 70 years or older without cardiovascular disease take aspirin

Nonprescription Antibiotic Use Seems Prevalent in the United States

Review shows prevalence varies from 1 to 66 percent depending on population characteristics

Plant-Based Diets Inversely Linked to Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Association was strengthened when healthy plant-based foods such as nuts and legumes were included

Light Therapy May Prevent Oral Mucositis for Some in Cancer Tx

Laser, other light tx recommended for patients treated with HSCT; head and neck RT with, without chemo

Opioid Rx Education Insufficient for Plastic Surgery Trainees

Significantly more opioids prescribed by U.S. versus Canadian trainees for seven of eight procedures

Sleep Disorders Up Health Care Visits, Costs for Low Back Pain

However, sleep disorder does not lessen the impact of pain intensity, disability on health care utilization

Rates of Anal Cancer Precursors High in Women Living With HIV

Authors call for new screening strategies for anal cancer prevention in women living with HIV

New ACC/AHA Guidelines Detect More Cases of Gestational Hypertension

Applying new hypertension guidelines to pregnant women increased prevalence of high blood pressure

More Screen Time Ups Risk for Depression in Adolescents

Social comparison and reinforcing spirals likely to blame

Pediatricians Can Play Role in Ensuring School Readiness

Study shows preschoolers with ADHD are more likely to have impaired school readiness

Music Relieves Preop Anxiety Before Peripheral Nerve Block

Similar changes seen in levels of preoperative anxiety for patients receiving music medicine, midazolam

Current Antibiotic Stewardship Program Practices Characterized

Since 2013, active surveillance for MRSA reduced, monitoring of cleaning effectiveness increased

Key Cystic Fibrosis Pathogens Reduced With Ivacaftor Use

Ivacaftor use linked to reductions in P. aeruginosa rates, prevalence of S. aureus, Aspergillus species

Recommendations Developed for Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine

Vaccine recommended for persons moving to live in JE-endemic country and long-term, frequent travelers

EPA Will Not Ban Pesticide Linked to Brain Harm in Children

Agency says data on health concerns about chlorpyrifos 'not sufficiently valid, complete or reliable'

Family Support May Improve Asthma Outcomes in Poor Youth

Better family ties linked to improved management, outcomes in dangerous/disorderly neighborhoods

FRAX Score Underestimates Risk for Fracture in Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a risk factor for major osteoporotic fracture independent of FRAX score

Female Ophthalmology Residents Perform Fewer Procedures

Female residents perform fewer cataract operations, total procedures than male residents

Frequency of Cannabis Use Before, During Pregnancy Increasing

Increases seen in daily, weekly, monthly cannabis use in year before, during pregnancy

Factors Associated With Thyroid Cancer Overtreatment Identified

Overtreatment more likely in younger, male, Hispanic or Asian patients, those with extensive lymph node surgery

Higher eGFR at Dialysis Initiation Tied to Lower Survival in Children

Findings seen among children with end-stage renal disease

Supply of Opioids Predicts Long-Term Use in Injured Workers

Odds of long-term opioid use up with initial Rx for five- to nine-day supply versus supply of less than five days

Financial Incentives Help People Stop Smoking

Effectiveness of incentives appears to be sustained once follow-up ends and incentives stop

Nonprofit Funding by Cancer Type Not Proportional to Cancer Burden

Breast cancer, leukemia, lymphoma, pediatric cancers well-funded; GI, gynecologic cancers poorly funded

Excess Risk for Diabetes-Linked Heart Failure Greater in Women

Women with type 1, type 2 diabetes have greater excess risk for heart failure versus men

Pregnancies in Women Taking Isotretinoin Dropped Since 2006

Pregnancies reduced in women taking isotretinoin since iPLEDGE initiation in 2006, but exposure persists

About One in 20 Patients Exposed to Preventable Harm

Pooled prevalence of preventable patient harm was 6 percent; 12 percent was severe, led to death

CDC Assesses Burden of Eye Disorders in Adults With Diabetes

Cataracts found to be most commonly reported eye disorder affecting adults aged ≥45 years with diabetes

Medical Marijuana Laws May Not Impact Opioid Use

No reduction seen in individual-level nonmedical prescription opioid use from 2002 to 2014

Safety Practice Violations ID’d in Septic Arthritis Outbreak

Multiple breaches included inadequate hygiene, unsafe injection practices, poor cleaning, disinfection

Recovery From Concussion Longer for Athletes With ADHD

Athletes with ADHD had more symptoms at 24 to 48 hours, regardless of psychostimulant use

Narrowing Seen in Racial/Ethnic Differences in Home Dialysis Use

Home dialysis use increased in all groups; racial, ethnic differences decreased from 2005 to 2013

CDC: Prevalence of Smoking Quit Attempts Unchanged in Most States

From 2011 to 2017, quit attempts increased in four states, decreased in two states

Transfers Up for Mental Health Disorders in Uninsured Children

Odds of transfer relative to admission higher for children without insurance versus with insurance

Prevalence of Suicide Ideation 4.6 Percent in Pregnant Women

Findings seen for low-income women enrolled in WIC; odds of suicide ideation up with depression

Novel PET Staging System May Help Monitor Alzheimer Disease

Positron emission tomography used to track stages of β-amyloid accumulation in vivo

People Living With HIV Have Higher Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Risk for heart failure and stroke particularly higher; risk for heart attack, atrial fibrillation moderately higher

Air Pollution Found to Accelerate Aging of the Lungs

Larger effects seen for people from lower-income households

Systolic, Diastolic HTN Contribute to Adverse CV Events

Systolic, diastolic HTN independently predict composite outcome with thresholds of ≥140/90 or 130/80 mm Hg

Novel Test Accurately Identifies Precancerous Pancreatic Cysts

Cyst classifier test is based on clinical and imaging features, genetic and biochemical markers

Continuous Anticoagulants + Cold Snare Polypectomy Noninferior

Findings seen among patients with subcentimeter colorectal polyps receiving oral anticoagulants

Intranasal Sufentanil Cuts Acute Trauma Pain Treated in the ED

Larger studies needed to further assess safety of intranasal sufentanil

Subclinical Cardiovascular Dz May Up Fall Risk in Older Adults

Higher measures of subclinical myocardial damage, cardiac wall strain linked to new falls

Prevalence of Malignancy High in Takotsubo Syndrome Patients

Those with malignancy have higher long-term mortality but no difference in short-term outcomes

Age, Race Disparities Identified in Inpatient Portal Use

Inpatient portals used less by older and African-American patients versus younger, white patients

Menstrual Cups Seem Safe for Menstruation Management

Leakage similar or lower for menstrual cups versus disposable pads or tampons

Physical Activity Linked to Slower Aβ-Related Cognitive Decline

Exercise, lower vascular risk independently attenuate negative link for Aβ burden, cognitive decline

Man’s Award in Roundup Cancer Case Slashed by Judge

Judge said punitive award was too much and reduced it to $20 million

U.S. Drug OD Deaths Fall for First Time in Three Decades

However, U.S. drug overdose death rate remains about seven times higher than a generation ago

Recarbrio OK’d for Complicated Urinary Tract, Intra-Abdominal Infections

Drug approved to treat patients with limited or no alternative antibacterial drugs to treat infection

WHO Declares Congo Ebola Outbreak Global Health Emergency

Declarations of emergency typically spur increases in global attention and aid

Early EEG Helps Predict Cardiac Arrest Outcomes in Comatose

Continuous background pattern at six or 12 hours an independent predictor of good outcome

Rituximab Noninferior to Cyclosporine in Membranous Nephropathy

Drug found to be superior in maintaining proteinuria remission for up to 24 months

Extremely Low LDL Cholesterol May Up Stroke Risk

Higher hemorrhagic stroke risk seen for individuals with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <70 mg/dL

Many Patients With Depression Do Not Need a Psychiatrist

With proper guidance, primary care physicians can screen, diagnose, and treat depression

Non-Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants May Be Best for Early-Stage CKD

Benefit-risk profile superior to vitamin K antagonists for early-stage chronic kidney disease

CVD Risk Up in Later Life for Young Adults With High LDL or Hypertension

Young adult LDL ≥100 mg/dL tied to 64 percent increased risk for CHD, independent of later levels

Most Adults Favor Cutting Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes

Overall, 80.6 percent of current smokers, 84.3 percent of former smokers favor cutting nicotine

Alirocumab Cuts CV Absolute Risk the Most for Those With Diabetes

Findings seen in prespecified analysis; alirocumab did not increase risk for new diabetes

HIV-Infected Cells Persist in CSF in Individuals on Long-Term ART

Cell-associated HIV DNA ID'd in CSF in nearly half of participants, tied to worse neurocognitive outcomes

Superior Outcomes Seen for Living Donor Liver Transplant

Living donor versus deceased donor liver transplant also yields less resource utilization

Cognitive Therapy Effective for Internet Game Addiction

Short-term cognitive behavioral therapy helpful for treating a range of internet addictions

Educational Handout May Increase Receipt of Child Flu Shot

Providing educational intervention in waiting room before pediatric provider visit may be beneficial

Flexible Family Visitation Policy Does Not Cut Delirium in ICU

For family members, anxiety and depression scores were significantly better with flexible visitation policy

Protocolized Sepsis Care Lowers Sepsis Mortality in NY State

Compared with control states, decrease in sepsis mortality greater after implementation of regulations

Colonoscopy Rates Increased in Those Aged 45 to 54 Years

However, 2000 to 2015 saw increased colorectal cancer incidence for ages 40 to 54

1999 to 2017 Saw Increase in Unintentional Injury Death Rates

Age-adjusted unintentional injury death rate increased 40 percent

MS Relapse Risk Not Increased in Postoperative Period

Odds of postoperative versus preoperative relapse were not increased in unadjusted, adjusted analyses

Depression at Time of Diagnosis May Worsen Survival in Blood Cancers

Risk for death higher even with depression remission versus never experiencing depression

Racial Disparity Shown in Odds of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Odds of TNBC diagnosis increased for black, Hispanic, and younger women

Race, Neighborhood Impact Bystander CPR in Pediatric OHCA

BCPR less likely in races/ethnicities other than white

Etanercept Tx for Autoimmune Disease May Up Risk for IBD

Findings seen in patients receiving etanercept for other autoimmune diseases

Opioids Commonly Prescribed in Emergency Department for Gout

Diabetes, polyarticular gout, prior opioid use tied to increased risk for opioid prescription at discharge

Prepregnancy Surgery Linked to Risk for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Prescription opioids for postsurgical pain may lead to addiction that affects future pregnancies

Firearm-Related Pediatric Mortality Down With Stricter Laws

Lower rates of firearm-related pediatric mortality seen in states with stricter gun laws

Many Perceive Lack of Choice in Receipt of RAI for Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer patients who perceive no choice about radioactive iodine report lower decision satisfaction

Practitioner Empathy Has Lasting Benefit After T2DM Diagnosis

Risk for all-cause mortality lower for patients with practitioners with higher levels of empathy

E-Cigarette Restrictions May Up Combustible Cigarette Use

For dual users, restrictive regulations may result in increased combustible cigarette use, lower e-cig use

Congo Officials: First Ebola Case Confirmed in City of Goma

Case raising fears that Ebola outbreak in Congo could make its way into Rwanda

Company Reaches $1.4 Billion Settlement in Opioid Treatment Investigation

Settlement the largest in U.S. history in a case involving an opioid medication

Frequent Fried Food Intake Increases Risk for Coronary Artery Disease

Dose-dependent relationship seen in a large national cohort of U.S. veterans

Obesity Linked to Increased Risk for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis

Obese patients have significantly more relapses on first-line treatment with IFN beta, glatiramer acetate

Increase Seen in Foster Care Entries Due to Parental Drug Use

Number and proportion of entries attributable to parental drug use increased from 2000 to 2017

Risk for Arterial Hypertension Up With Air Pollutant Exposure

Residential exposure linked to AH, reduced HDL cholesterol for individuals living in multistory houses

Tool Uses Spine X-Rays to Assess Response to Osteoporosis Tx

Bone structure value determined by software tool significantly correlated with bone mineral density

Prolonged TV Viewing Tied to CVD Events, Mortality in Blacks

Risk for CVD events/all-cause mortality increased for TV viewing, not occupational sitting

CRP-Guided Testing Cuts Antibiotic Use in COPD Exacerbations

Lower percentage of patients reported antibiotic use, received antibiotic prescriptions

State-Level Variation Noted in Economic Burden of Cancer

Lost earnings of $94.4 billion reported in the United States in 2015

CDC: Workplace Absenteeism High in 2017/2018 Flu Season

Peak level was significantly higher than the average during previous five influenza seasons

Erectile Dysfunction Presents Large Global Health Burden

Condition is risk factor for benign prostatic hyperplasia, cardiovascular disease, dementia

U.S. Health, Economic Burden of Uncontrolled Asthma Projected

U.S. teens, adults expected to lose about 15.46 million QALYs over 20 years due to uncontrolled asthma

Serious Misdiagnosis-Related Harms Mostly Due to ‘Big Three’

Vascular events, infections, cancers account for 74.1 percent of high-severity misdiagnosis-related harms

Kratom Use Associated With Significant Toxicities

Most common effects include agitation, tachycardia, drowsiness, vomiting, confusion

Feeding Examination Can Avert Surgical Frenotomy Procedures

After speech and language examination, 62.6 percent of infants did not undergo surgical procedure

Rabies Warning Issued for Walt Disney World Resort Area

Laboratory tests confirm rabies in a cat that scratched two cast members