Low Vitamin D in Early Life May Up Risk of Elevated Systolic BP

Persistent low vitamin D from birth to early childhood linked to higher risk of elevated SBP from age 3 to 18

June 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Stewardship Intervention Can Cut Inappropriate Rx by a Third

Findings observed for acute respiratory infection in emergency departments and urgent care centers

June 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

High-Sensitivity Troponin Levels Can Predict MI Risk

Risk-assessment tool uses troponin concentration at ED arrival, dynamic change during serial sampling

June 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Metformin May Cut Mortality Risk in Post-Pancreatitis Diabetes

Survival benefit not seen with ever use of metformin for pancreatic cancer-related diabetes

June 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Calculated Tumor Area Has Prognostic Value for Melanoma

Calculated tumor area is a novel, microscopic feature and a two-dimensional surrogate for tumor size

June 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for June 2019. This roundup includes...

June 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for June 2019. This roundup includes the...

June 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for June 2019. This roundup includes the...

June 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for June 2019. This roundup includes the...

June 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for June 2019. This roundup includes the...

Most Grandparents Store Meds in Containers That Are Easy to Open

Twenty-nine percent of grandparents report using other types of containers for prescription meds

June 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for June 2019. This roundup includes...

June 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Most Women Do Not Regret Genetic Testing Before IVF

Some level of regret is common, but women are overwhelmingly satisfied with decision

June 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for June 2019. This roundup includes the...

June 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Nutrition-Focused Program at Home Health Agency Beneficial

Nutrition-focused quality improvement program can reduce rates of hospitalization, health care use

June 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Model Can Predict Lung Cancer in Patient With Visible Nodule on CT

Combination of clinical and radiologic factors can reliably predict risk for incident lung cancer

June 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Core Components of Teen Mental Health Interventions ID’d

Interpersonal skills, emotional regulation, alcohol and drug education affect multiple outcomes

June 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for June 2019. This roundup...

June 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Longevity Benefits for Adults Becoming More Physically Active

Lower risk of all-cause mortality for adults with increasing physical activity trajectories over time

June 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for June 2019. This roundup includes the...

Leisure-Time Physical Activity Linked to Lower SAH Risk

Protective association for LTPA persisted in all age, hypertension groups; was stronger for smokers

June 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Better UTI Monitoring Needed After Hospital Admission in Adults

Many healthcare-associated, community-onset urinary tract infections develop after being discharged

June 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for June 2019. This roundup includes the...

Morning Preference Has Protective Effect on Breast Cancer Risk

Findings suggest adverse effect for increased sleep duration on breast cancer risk

Social Media Use Tied to Esteem, Cosmetic Surgery Acceptance

Perceptions of cosmetic surgery may vary based on social media and photo-editing application use

Increase Seen in Cryptosporidiosis Outbreaks From 2007 to 2019

Exposure to treated recreational water accounted for 35.1 percent of outbreaks, 56.7 percent of cases

Medtronic Recalls Some Insulin Pumps Over Cybersecurity Concerns

The company and FDA say certain pumps are vulnerable to hacking

Five-Year Survival Less Than 40 Percent in Seniors With DLBCL

Overall survival estimates show steady improvement in survival probabilities in more recent years

Nursing Home Costs Outpace Inflation, Other Medical Care

Out-of-pocket costs vary even after adjusting for facility characteristics, geographical differences

Medicare Advantage Patients Have Higher Readmission Rates

Higher adjusted readmission rates seen for AMI, CHF, pneumonia with Medicare Advantage

Overall Survival Worse With Multiple Primary Melanomas

Median Breslow thickness decreased from 0.90 mm for first melanoma to 0.65 mm for second melanoma

Soliris Approved to Treat Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder

In clinical trials, Soliris reduced NMOSD relapses by 94 percent compared with placebo

Family History of Dementia Tied to Early Memory Deficits

Reduced paired-associates learning performance observed long before typical onset of Alzheimer disease

Use of 3-D Mammography Rapidly Expanded 2015 to 2017

Adoption varied widely by region; uptake more rapid in areas with greater socioeconomic resources

Myocardial Perfusion PET Predicts Cardiac Death in Diabetes

Increasing magnitude of stress myocardial perfusion abnormality tied to cardiac death risk in diabetes

Review: HPV Vaccination Program Has Considerable Impact

Prevalence of HPV 16 and 18 decreased; anogenital wart diagnoses down in girls, women, boys, men

Infections Tied to Subsequent Risk for Acute Ischemic Stroke

Correlation highest for UTI; smaller-magnitude associations seen for UTI with intracerebral hemorrhage

Functional Decline Seen in Many Older Adults Initiating Dialysis

Prevalence of high caregiver burden increased after initiation of dialysis

Psoriasis Patients Often Use CAMs When Traditional Meds Fail

41, 39.5 percent use alternative, complementary therapies; higher use seen with severe psoriasis

Five-Year Overall Survival for Glioblastoma Persistently Low

Authors call for more aggressive treatments to be considered for glioblastoma patients

High BMI, Weight Gain Linked to Lasting Decrease in ALS Risk

Link found between high BMI, weight gain and lower risk for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis decades later

First-Trimester BP Category Linked to Hypertensive Disorders

Blood pressure trajectory between first, second trimesters tied to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy

ACIP: Men as Old as 26 Should Get HPV Vaccine

Panel also no longer advises that healthy Americans ≥65 routinely receive Prevnar 13 vaccination

Three Interventions Could Cut Cardiovascular Deaths

High impact possible with worldwide efforts to lower blood pressure, cut sodium, eliminate trans fat

More Than 1 in 5 Young Men Use Disordered Eating to Bulk Up

Having a skinny self-image, exercising to gain weight may be risk factors for disordered eating

USPSTF Lung Cancer Screening Too Conservative for Blacks

Lowering smoking pack-year eligibility criteria would up screening eligibility for African American smokers

Less Than 40 Percent of All U.S. Adults Have Ever Had HIV Testing

In the 50 local jurisdictions with concentration of most new HIV infections, testing was 46.9 percent

EEG May Detect Brain Activation in Some Unresponsive Patients

Clinically unresponsive brain-injured patients with EEG response to spoken commands might improve

Poststroke Headache Common in Pediatric Stroke Survivors

Headache more than 30 days after stroke especially likely in older pediatric stroke survivors

Higher Protein Intake May Cut Risk for Frailty in Older Women

Frailty prevalence lower for those in higher tertiles of animal, but not plant-based, protein intake

Outcomes Improved After ACL Repair With Three Tendon Graft Types

No difference found among patellar, hamstring, 'double-bundle' hamstring grafts

CT Use to Evaluate Suspected Urolithiasis Significantly Increased

2006 to 2014 saw more than doubling in the use of CTAP in the ED, with considerable geographic variation

Similar CV Event Rates Seen for Generic, Brand Levothyroxine

Event rates did not differ for atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, stroke

Migraine Prevalence Up for Food-Insecure Young Adults

Odds of migraine higher for food-insecure versus food-secure in unadjusted, adjusted analyses

Short-Term Walking Intervention Offers Lasting Health Benefits

Significantly fewer cardiovascular events, fractures seen for intervention group versus controls

Older Kidney Donors With HTN at Higher Risk for ESKD Later

But absolute risk is small; hypertension not linked to higher risk for early death among older donors

Micronutrient Deficiencies Often Found With Celiac Disease Dx

Authors recommend micronutrient assessment at time of diagnosis

Triclosan Exposure May Lower Bone Mineral Density in Women

Osteoporosis in intertrochanter more likely in women with high urinary triclosan concentration

Downward Trend Seen in Pelvic Exams Among Younger Women

Non-Hispanic black women in 2015 to 2017 had highest receipt of a pelvic exam in previous 12 months

Dupixent Approved for Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps

Clinical trials showed reduced nasal polyp size, congestion with Dupixent versus placebo

MSSP ACOs May Not Improve Spending, Quality of Care

After adjustment for clinicians' nonrandom exit, no link seen with improvements in spending, quality

Educational Attainment Positively Linked to CVD Risk Factors

Increased education linked to reductions in smoking, depression, triglycerides, heart disease

Combination Therapy for Rosacea Shows Improved Response Rates

Combination of ivermectin cream, doxycycline modified-release capsules has faster onset of action

Americans Concerned About Clinician Burnout

Most survey respondents believe burnout is tied to lower quality of care

Physicians Unaware of Breast Density Laws, Cancer Risk

Half of physicians unaware of increased breast cancer risk among women with dense breasts

Prevention Bundle May Cut Cardiac Device Infections

Real-world evidence of clinical effectiveness can inform evidence-based infection protocols

Combination Biopsy Strategy May Identify More Prostate Cancers

Lesion-targeted plus systematic sampling appears to maximize the accuracy of first-time prostate biopsy

Higher Intake of Linoleic Acid May Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Risk down particularly when linoleic acids replace saturated fats, trans fats, or carbohydrates

Cancer Survivors Have High Prevalence of Chronic Pain

Prevalence higher for those with less than high school education, low income, public insurance

Changing EHR Systems May Up Operating Times for Eye Surgery

Institutions should consider if expected benefits of deploying a new EHR system outweigh potential risks

Anesthesia Tied to Neurocognitive Impairment in Childhood ALL Survivors

Survivors experience impairment with exposure to propofol, fluranes, longer anesthesia duration

Smoking Confers Greatest Risk for Major Heart Attack for Women

Relative risk between men and women highest at ages 50 to 64, but highest increase seen at ages 18 to 49

Outcomes Poor Years After Radiation for Pediatric Glioma Survivors

Survivors treated with radiotherapy and at younger ages had poorer neuropsychological, SES outcomes

Nonchromosomal Birth Defects May Up Childhood Cancer Risk

Study identified 40 significant, specific associations between birth defects and childhood cancer

Set of Competencies for Obesity Developed for Medical Educators

A second report provides proposed standard of care for people with obesity

USPSTF Urges Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use in Children

Updated recommendation calls on primary care physicians to prevent tobacco use among children

FDA Warns Two Kratom Marketers About False Claims

Warning letters sent to companies illegally selling unapproved, misbranded kratom-containing drug products

Mortality Not Higher With Transfusions From Female Donors

Findings seen for red blood cells from female, previously pregnant, or sex-discordant donors

Nutrient Intake Inadequate in Many Pregnant Women in U.S.

Almost all at risk for excessive sodium consumption

Exposure to Anticholinergics May Increase Dementia Risk

Risk up for exposure to anticholinergics including antidepressants, antiparkinson drugs, antipsychotics

Diabetes Outcomes Similar Regardless of Primary Provider

No difference in outcomes seen with care by physician, nurse practitioner, physician assistant

Iron Intake May Not Improve Pregnancy Chances

Modest benefits seen from nonheme iron for women at risk for iron deficiency

Voxelotor Improves Hemoglobin Levels in Sickle Cell Disease

Fewer individuals in voxelotor group versus placebo group have worsened anemia at week 24

Adherence Superior for Alternative Exercise Modalities in PAD

Completion and adherence rates improved for alternative exercise versus traditional walking

Suicide Risk Seen Among Older Adults Living in Long-Term Care

Mental health and well-being of older adults should be addressed in these settings, authors say

Antacid Use in First Year of Life Tied to Later Fracture Risk

Findings seen among healthy infants taking proton pump inhibitors alone or with histamine H2-receptor antagonists

Transfusion Dose Density Affects Myelodysplastic Syndrome Survival

Negative effect of transfusion treatment on PFS occurs at density less than 3 units/16 weeks

Oral Steroids Increase Infection Risk in Inflammatory Disease

Dose-response effect seen with increased infection risk even at low daily doses of oral glucocorticoids

Anxiety With Type 2 Diabetes Tied to High-Cost Health Care Use

Anxiety and type 2 diabetes related to frequent visits to ED, high costs but not total hospitalization costs

Rotavirus Vaccine Led to Reduced Disease Prevalence, Season Duration

In postvaccine period, a biennial pattern emerged with alternating years of high, low disease activity

Many Trust Doctors, Nurses Over Other Sources of Health Advice

Although most people agree that vaccines are safe, the proportion is lower in high-income regions

Adrenal Incidentalomas Rarely Grow, Change Hormone Function

Such tumors may increase risk for comorbid cardiometabolic conditions

Older Americans Generally Current With Eye Exams

Several significant demographic and socioeconomic differences impact use of eye care

Colonoscopy Quality Not Affected by Sedation Method

No difference found in adenoma or polyp detection rates between moderate and deep sedation

Death From Specific Causes Up for Veterans With PTSD

Significant increases seen in mortality from suicide, accidental injury, viral hepatitis

Vyleesi Approved for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Women

FDA approved Vyleesi for premenopausal women; drug administered by subcutaneous injection

Drug Combo Slows Progression in Advanced Breast Cancer

Results seen for alpelisib plus fulvestrant in PIK3CA-mutated, HR+, HER2− advanced breast cancer

Greater Long-Term Decline in Stroke Seen Among Older Adults

Continued focus on prevention efforts needed to lower risk for midlife ischemic strokes

Many Patients Excluded From Knee Cartilage Research Studies

Authors say trial results could be much more robust, reflective of patient population with greater inclusion

Incident A-Fib Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

Oral anticoagulant use has preventive effect on dementia development in patients with incident AF

No Change Seen in Processed Meat Consumption by U.S. Adults

During same period, mean consumption decreased for unprocessed red meat, increased for poultry

Maintaining Work During Dialysis Tied to Higher Survival

Employment rates low among patients initiating dialysis

Study Reveals Lower Predictive Ability for Renal Cancer Models

Prospective validation shows decrease in predictive ability compared with previous retrospective validations

Obesity Prevalence Down in Young Children Enrolled in WIC

Prevalence decreased from 2010 to 2016 for children aged 2 through 4 enrolled in WIC

Septoplasty Beats Nonsurgical Management for Deviated Septum

Improvement in health-related quality of life greater for septoplasty versus nonsurgical management

Geographic Patterns of COPD Similar for Smokers, Nonsmokers

Prevalence of COPD higher in southeastern and Appalachian states, regardless of smoking status

2018 Saw Increase in Cosmetic Procedures for Over 55s

Increases seen in liposuction, hair transplantation, breast augmentation, use of Botox, soft tissue fillers

2018 Busiest Year Ever for U.S. National Domestic Violence Hotline

Since 1996, the hotline has provided 24-hour, year-round support for people affected by domestic violence

FDA Expands Cystic Fibrosis Treatment Approval to Children Ages 6 to 12

Symdeko previously approved for patients ≥12 years with cystic fibrosis and certain genetic mutations

Seniors Who Develop Cancer Have Better Memory, Slower Decline

Rate of memory decline 3.9 percent slower in those with, versus those without, cancer diagnosis

Poor Oral Health Not Linked to Gastrointestinal Cancer Risk

In site-specific analyses, significant correlation seen for poor oral health with hepatocellular carcinoma

First States to Expand Medicaid Had Largest Bump in Cancer Screening

States expanding Medicaid later had screening rates more comparable to nonexpansion states

Some Heart Failure Patients May Benefit From CRT Defibrillator

Findings seen in patients with non-left bundle branch block eligible for cardiac resynchronization therapy

Computer-Assisted Diagnosis Aids Detection of Glioma Growth

Physicians using CAD can detect growth of low-grade gliomas at significantly smaller volumes

Chronic Distress After Heart Attack Ups Risk for Death

Findings observed among patients with persistent emotional distress for more than one year, not short-term distress

Risk Factors ID’d for Atrial Fibrillation With Type 1 Diabetes

Risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation similar to those seen for other forms of cardiovascular disease

High Response Seen for Chemo in Seniors With High-Risk AML

Complete response rate for patients treated with chemo was 69 percent; three-year OS was 21 percent

Elderly Women May Still Benefit From Osteoporosis Treatment

High hip fracture probability seen despite accounting for competing mortality risk

Sharing Clinical Notes Engages Ob-Gyn Patients

Patients report positive feedback and provide clinically meaningful corrections

Long Working Hours Linked to Increased Stroke Risk

Correlation stronger for white-collar workers younger than 50 years

Health Care Workers With ARIs Often Work While Symptomatic

Likelihood of working higher if symptoms less severe and on illness onset date versus subsequent days

T2DM Risk in Offspring Up With Maternal Overweight, Obesity

Offspring of women who are overweight or obese during pregnancy have higher risk for type 2 diabetes

New England Journal of Medicine Picks New Editor-in-Chief

Eric J. Rubin succeeds Jeffrey Drazen, who has been the editor-in-chief since 2000

Restricting Blood Transfusions OK in Cardiac Surgery

Restrictive approach does not increase risk for acute kidney injury in high-risk patients

Meta-Analysis Does Not Link Vitamin D Supplements, Drop in MACE

Vitamin D supplementation not linked to reduction in risk for major adverse cardiovascular events

Most Women Unaware Alcohol Poses Breast Cancer Risk

Screening and outpatient clinic appointments may offer opportunity for prevention intervention

2018 to 2019 Influenza Season in U.S. Was Longest in 10 Years

Season was of moderate severity and lasted 21 weeks; illness mainly attributed to influenza A viruses

Suicide Rates Increased for Men, Women From 1999 to 2017

Among women and men aged 15 to 24, 25 to 44, rates highest for non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Natives

Late-Life Diabetes Status Tied to New Cognitive Impairment

Diabetes in late life with poor glycemic control, longer duration linked to incident cognitive impairment

Study Looks at Risk for Bleeding in Percutaneous Tx of PAD

Major bleeding in lower-extremity peripheral vascular interventions tied to higher in-hospital mortality

Excess Weight Tied to Increased Risk for High BP in Young Children

Risk for hypertension at age 6 higher for children with incident, persistent excess weight at age 4

Many Surgeons Still Performing Inappropriate Vascular Access Sx

About 20 percent fail to meet arteriovenous fistula rate benchmark

Suicide Rates Peaked for Teens, Young Adults in 2017

Rates of suicide increased among youth aged 15 to 24 years

Prophylactic IVC Filters Worsen Outcomes for Bariatric Surgery

IVCF use before bariatric surgery tied to worse outcomes, longer hospital stay, and higher costs

Yogurt Consumption Linked to Reduced CRC Adenoma Risk in Men

Men with two or more servings of yogurt per week have reduced risk for conventional adenoma

Statins May Be Beneficial After Radiation to Thorax, Head, Neck

Statin use tied to reduction in stroke incidence for cardiac patients with thorax and head or neck cancer

Midlife Cardiorespiratory Fitness Linked to Risk for COPD

Risk for incident COPD, death from COPD lower for those with normal, high CRF versus low CRF

Cardiovascular AEs Common With Carfilzomib in Multiple Myeloma

Patients with relapsed multiple myeloma experiencing CVAEs had inferior survival

San Francisco Considering Banning Sales of E-Cigarettes

Meanwhile, Connecticut has banned tobacco sales to people younger than age 21

Outpatient Office Visits Increased With Access to Patient Portal

For patients with diabetes and chronic conditions, portal linked to fewer ED visits

Sudden Death Can Occur in Full Spectrum of Epilepsies

Only 37 percent of patients with sudden unexpected death in epilepsy took last dose of antiseizure meds

CV MRI Noninferior to Invasive Angiography + FFR in Stable CAD

CV MRI noninferior to invasive angiography, fractional flow reserve for guiding revascularization

Surgeons’ Unprofessional Behavior Tied to Higher Complication Risk

Risk increased when four or more reports were made in the 36 months before a patient's surgery

VTE Risk Reduced With Partial Knee Replacement

But risk for five-year revision higher for those undergoing partial versus total knee replacement

FDA Approves Victoza Injection for Children 10 Years and Older

~64 percent of children treated with Victoza achieved HbA1c levels less than 7 percent

Adding Bevacizumab Improves Overall Survival in NSCLC

Addition of bevacizumab to carboplatin/pemetrexed beneficial in advanced non-small cell lung cancer

Pediatric T1DM Medication Adherence Drops on Weekends, Holidays

Clinical characteristics, socioeconomic status, adverse effects do not predict adherence

Coronary Artery Calcium Levels in Middle Age Tied to LV Function

Greater change in CAC score during follow-up linked to higher LV mass index in blacks, but not whites

Patterns of Inpatient Opioid Use Linked to Long-Term Use

Outpatient use at 90 days was seen for 5.9 and 3.0 percent of patients with and without inpatient use

Overall Cancer Survival Rates Up Among Adolescents, Young Adults

However, survival disparities still observed by stage, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status

Many Young Children Treated in ED for Injuries From Personal Care Products

During 15-year study period, 64,686 children younger than 5 treated in emergency departments

Abdominal Obesity May Raise Risk for Psoriasis

High waist circumference, regardless of overall body mass index, tied to higher risk

Cognitive Consequences Worse for Pediatric-Onset Multiple Sclerosis

Patients with POMS have more rapid reduction in information-processing efficiency over time

Rheumatoid Arthritis Remission Cuts Risk for CV Complications

Maintenance of remission in rheumatoid arthritis lowers risk for subclinical, clinical atherosclerosis

One in Five Have Mental Health Issues in Conflict-Affected Areas

Sustainable mental health care needed in conflict-afflicted countries, the authors say

USPSTF Addresses Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

One-time ultrasound screening recommended for men aged 65 to 75 who have ever smoked

Recommendations Issued for Imaging Use in Multiple Myeloma

Low-dose whole-body CT recommended over conventional skeletal survey for detection of bone disease

High Temperature Records Will be ‘Smashed’ in Coming Century

High temps increase risk for heat stroke, breathing issues, heart attacks, kidney problems

Cognitive Decline Faster After Incident Coronary Heart Disease Event

Global cognition, verbal memory, temporal orientation scores decline faster after CHD diagnosis

Glucocorticoid Tapering Feasible for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Findings observed in patients achieving low disease activity, remission while receiving tocilizumab

Feelings of Powerlessness Tied to Delays in Seeking Care for Acute MI

Perceived inability to act, inaccurate symptom appraisal associated with delayed care

High Soy Intake May Cut Fracture Risk in Younger Breast Cancer Survivors

Findings seen among pre-/perimenopausal survivors of stage 0 to III breast cancer

Review Suggests More Sleep May Lower Cardiometabolic Risk

Authors note lack of studies on whether extending sleep improves cardiometabolic health in adults

U.S. Travelers Should Be Aware of Measles Risk in Europe

Risk up for inadequately vaccinated individuals visiting Europe, those in contact with infected travelers

Recommendations Developed to Prepare Children for Camp

Parents should discuss camper health needs with camp staff before enrolling their children

Study Examines Use of Electronic Consults for Allergy/Immunology

E-consults used more often than in-person consults for adverse drug reactions

PPI Use for Up to Three Years Safe During Anticoagulant Tx

Safety profile did not differ for pantoprazole versus placebo except greater risk for enteric infections

Nilvadipine Increases Cerebral Blood Flow in the Hippocampus

CBF did not significantly change in posterior cingulate cortex, other regions of interest in Alzheimer disease

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Varies by Birthplace for Black Women

Prevalence of triple-negative breast cancer lower for Eastern African- versus U.S.-born black women

American Diabetes Association, June 7-11

The American Diabetes Association 79th Scientific Sessions The annual meeting of the American Diabetes Association was held from June 7 to 11 in San Francisco...

WHO: Congo Ebola Outbreak Still Not Global Emergency

Agency says outbreak is an 'extraordinary event' of deep concern but not a global emergency

Drug Makers Challenge New Rule Requiring Drug Prices in TV Ads

Lawsuit against the rule filed Friday by Merck, Eli Lilly, and Amgen

CDC: U.S. Measles Cases Reach 1,044

Cases in 2019 now highest since 1992 and since the disease was declared eliminated in the U.S.

Two-Hour Weekly Dose of Nature May Aid Health, Well-Being

120-minute weekly exposure could be achieved in a single visit or during several shorter visits

Head, Facial Injuries From Motorized Scooters on the Rise

Many patients experiencing traumatic injuries not wearing appropriate helmets

ADA: Combo Injectable Controls Blood Glucose Longer in T2DM

Findings seen for initial injectable therapy with insulin degludec plus liraglutide versus insulin glargine

More Aggressive Statin Tx Needed After Heart Attack in Young Patients

Majority of patients with heart attack <50 years still have high cholesterol one year later

Black Race Not Tied to Worse Prostate Cancer Mortality

Findings seen in cohorts of men with nonmetastatic disease after adjusting for nonbiological differences

Opioid-Sparing Strategy Still Provides Good Pain Control

Patients surveyed following surgery and only a small 'rescue' opioid Rx postop

Prenatal Antiepileptic Rx Exposure Ups Risk for Behavioral Issues

Findings seen among Dutch children exposed to one of four common antiepileptic drugs in utero

Drug- and Alcohol-Related Deaths Higher After Bariatric Surgery

Standardized mortality rates from substance use higher after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass