Fracture Rate Up in Infants With Prenatal Smoking Exposure

Risk for fractures increased before age 1, with dose-dependent pattern observed

Outcomes No Worse With Short Stay After Open Heart Surgery

Complication (other than A-fib), 30-day readmission, mortality rates similar for short, longer length of stay

Suvorexant May Improve Insomnia With Alzheimer Disease

Suvorexant does not appear to worsen underlying cognitive impairment

Fatty Liver Disease Common Among Young Adults in the U.K.

Liver disease among young people tied to rise in obesity and harmful drinking patterns

Depression Screening Lacking for Perimenopausal Women

Better training needed for gynecologists to improve screening, confidence to treat depression

Patients Have Less Dyspnea After Bariatric Surgery for Obesity

Dyspnea score change positively linked to air trapping extent change, end-expiratory tracheal shape change

Outcomes Positive With National Kidney Paired Donation Program

Graft failure, mortality no different for National Kidney Registry, control living donor transplant recipients

Disability, Quality of Life, Mood May Affect Sleep in IBD Patients

No associations seen between sleep quality and active or inactive IBD state, ongoing treatment

Familial Psoriasis May Not Be Tied to Obesity

Patients with familial psoriasis were younger, had a lower BMI at diagnosis versus nonfamilial psoriasis

Benefits of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy May Be Lasting

Reductions in anxiety, depression in cancer-related psychiatric distress sustained at 3.2 and 4.5 years

QoL Extended With Atezolizumab + Bevacizumab in Liver Cancer

And, triplet and doublet drug regimens delay decline in quality of life in BRAF V600E metastatic CRC

Disparities Seen in Outcomes for Young Adults With CRC

Risk for death higher for those from lowest versus highest income and education areas

TAVR Increasingly Being Used in Young Adults Despite Uncertainty

TAVR volumes increased 134 percent from 2013 to 2017; valve choice associated with age

Naloxone Prescribing Increasing but Still Very Low

Factors associated with naloxone fills include high opioid daily dosage, concurrent benzodiazepines

Family Therapy Aids Youth at High Risk for Bipolar Disorder

Times between mood episodes longer for those in family-focused therapy versus enhanced usual care

Virtual Physical Therapy Feasible Following Knee Replacement

Benefits include lower three-month health care costs with comparable functional outcomes

Racial Disparities Noted in Quality of Care for Dementia

Asian patients less likely to be prescribed antidementia drugs; anxiolytics/hypnotic Rxs lower for blacks

Adult Exposure to Chickenpox Cuts Shingles Risk

A modest but long-lasting protective effect was observed, but full protection not achieved

Proteinuria After Inpatient Acute Kidney Injury Tied to Later Risk

Higher post-acute kidney injury urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio linked to kidney disease progression

Health-Related Quality of Life Lower for Women With PCOS

The strongest contributing factor to poor health-related quality of life was mental distress

Clinical Features ID’d for First 2019 Novel Coronavirus Patients

Forty-one patients ID'd with virus as of Jan. 2, 2020; all had pneumonia with abnormal chest CT findings

Survey: Most Americans Think of Themselves as Healthy

Those with higher income rate their health higher than those with lower income

Coronavirus Deaths Top 100 in China

CDC urges all Americans to avoid any nonessential travel to China

Drug Price-Fixing Charge Laid Against ‘Pharma Bro’ Martin Shkreli

Former drug industry executive charged with restricting competition to maintain a monopoly on the drug Daraprim

Dangerous Additives Found in Illegal Pot Vaping Products in Los Angeles

Additives include vitamin E acetate, which has been implicated in vaping-related respiratory illnesses

Gender Gap Persists in Starting Salary for Physicians

Gender differences in preferences for control over work-life balance do not account for gap in salary

Coronavirus Cases Top 2,700 in China, Five in the United States

Two new cases of the coronavirus were confirmed in Arizona and California over the weekend

Updated Guidelines Issued for ER, PgR Testing in Breast Cancer

Clinicians should be prepared to discuss limited data for benefit of endocrine tx in ER-low positive cases

Potential Links ID’d for Marijuana Use, Cardiovascular Risks

Key classes of cardiovascular medications are affected by marijuana, including statins, β-blockers

LV Hypertrophy May Explain Racial Disparities in Heart Failure

Some of the excess risk for heart failure explained by higher prevalence of malignant LVH in blacks

Parity, Breastfeeding Inversely Tied to Early Natural Menopause

Risk for early menopause lowest among those reporting exclusive breastfeeding for seven to 12 months

Quality Improvement in NICU May Cut Morbidity in Preemies

Practice changes linked to increase in survival without major morbidity for infants born at 23 to 32 weeks

Tdap or Td Vaccine May Be Used for Decennial Td Booster Doses

Either Tdap or Td also allowed for tetanus prophylaxis in wound management, catch-up immunization doses

Outcomes No Worse for Black Veterans With Prostate Cancer

For men in VA health system, blacks do not present with more advanced disease or have higher mortality

Effects of Vit D Correction on CV Health Studied in Obese Children

No change seen in endothelial function, but reductions in BP, fasting glucose concentration seen at six months

Many Family Caregivers Never Speak to Health Care Workers

Likelihood of being asked about needing help up for those who interacted often with health care workers

Prehospital Epinephrine Aids Out-of-Hospital Pediatric Cardiac Arrests

Study shows improved return of circulation following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest but not improved survival

Model Shows Transitional Care Cost-Effective in Heart Failure

All three transitional care interventions more costly and effective than standard care

Wealthy Pay Most to Finance U.S. Health Care

However, share of income is greatest among households with lowest income

Unmet Need for Physician Care Not Improving With More Insured

Despite coverage increases since 1998, most measures of unmet need not showing improvement

Community-Based Diabetes Screening Feasible in Barbershops

About one-third of those asked to participate were successfully tested; 9.0 percent had HbA1c ≥6.5 percent

Chicago Woman Is Second U.S. Case of Wuhan Coronavirus

CDC has so far received reports of 63 patients under investigation for potential coronavirus infection

Sexual Frequency Linked to Age of Onset of Natural Menopause

However, no correlation seen for living with male partner with age of natural menopause

Postdischarge Mortality Up for Patients With Heart Failure

Of conditions targeted by Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, only heart failure mortality increased

Potent, Unregulated Steroid Creams Readily Available in U.S.

Potentially harmful, illegal topical steroids are being sold over the counter in foreign import stores

Health Care Utilization Up for Seniors With Untreated Apnea

Beneficiaries with OSA also demonstrate higher annual costs across all points of service

Outcomes for Spinal Fusion Surgery Worse in Black Patients

Postop complications, readmission, longer stay, higher costs more likely compared with white patients

Postoperative Length of Stay, Costs Down With Prehabilitation Program

Program includes walking and education on nutrition, smoking cessation, psychological preparation for surgery

High-Dose IV Vitamin C Does Not Speed Resolution of Septic Shock

Combination of vitamin C, hydrocortisone, thiamine not superior to usual care with hydrocortisone alone

Low-Dose Aspirin Cuts Preterm Delivery in Nulliparous Women

Findings seen among women with singleton pregnancies in low-, middle-income countries

Prenatal Surgery Yields Lasting Benefits for Myelomeningocele

No difference found in overall adaptive behavior at school age; more children walk independently

Structural Traits of Living Donor Kidneys May Predict Graft Failure

Interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy, larger cortical nephron size, smaller medullary volume predict failure

Many U.S. Adults Misinformed About the Flu, Vaccination

Only 49 percent of a national sample of U.S. adults reported having received the flu shot as of Dec. 2019

New Hospital Being Built in China for Coronavirus Outbreak

Prefabricated hospital modeled after one that was built in Beijing in six days during the SARS outbreak

Nearly Half of U.S. Smokers Not Advised by Doctors to Quit

Surgeon General says too many people are not getting access to cessation treatments that work

Prenatal Exposure to Both Alcohol, Cigarettes Ups SIDS Risk

Risk greater for infants whose mothers report both prenatal drinking, smoking beyond first trimester

First-Biopsy Results for Deceased Donor Kidneys Questioned

No association seen between first-biopsy findings and posttransplant outcomes for deceased donor kidneys

CDC: HIV-1/HIV-2 Differentiation Test Increasingly Used in U.S.

Number of HIV-2 diagnoses remains low; more false positives seen with greater use of differentiation test

China Bans Travel in Wuhan, Four Nearby Cities

Buses, subways, and ferries within the city of more than 11 million people have been suspended

High-Fat Milk Consumption Tied to Faster Biological Aging

Drinking 1 percent milk instead of 2 percent accounts for 4.5 fewer years of molecular aging in adults

Teen Transgender Access to Pubertal Suppression Lowers Suicidality

Findings based on large survey of transgender young adults

Supratentorial ICH Outcomes Better in Young Blacks, Hispanics

Outcomes better compared with whites among young adults with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage

Fewer Than Half of Clinical Trials Comply With Reporting Laws

Compliance with Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 low, not improving

Teprotumumab Bests Placebo for Active Thyroid Eye Disease

Outcomes better with teprotumumab versus placebo for proptosis, inflammation, diplopia, quality of life

Elagolix Cuts Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Women With Fibroids

Significantly fewer women receiving elagolix plus add-back hormone tx versus placebo had heavy bleeding

Abdominal Obesity Linked to Recurrent Atherosclerotic CVD

Risk for recurrent atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease increased after myocardial infarction

JumpstartMD Commercial Program Seems Effective for Weight Loss

Frequent health coach meetings are major determinant of weight loss for men and women

Systolic BP Variability in Young Adults May ID Later CVD Risk

Variability independent of the mean in SBP in young adults linked to CVD events, all-cause mortality

Surgical Gown Shortage Reported in the United States

Recall of 9 million gowns due to possible contamination could affect timing of surgeries

Major Insurers Offer $55 Million to Lower Generic Drug Costs

Nonprofit Civica Rx reached deal with Blue Cross Blue Shield and 18 of its member organizations

Production of Two Excedrin Painkillers Halted

Inconsistencies found in ingredients for Excedrin Extra Strength and Excedrin Migraine

Utah Bans So-Called Gay ‘Conversion’ Therapy

The ban could give support to people challenging the practice in other right-leaning states

Fast-Track Review of ACA Lawsuit Rejected by U.S. Supreme Court

Decision means it is highly unlikely that they would decide the case before the 2020 election

Long-Term Outcomes Worse for Firearm Versus Car Crash Survivors

Firearm injury survivors more likely to have daily pain, screen positive for PTSD, have worse HRQoL

Less Improvement in Outcomes Seen at Minority-Serving ICUs

Disparity found in risk for critical illness mortality at hospitals serving more minority patients

Time of Day for Taking Warfarin Does Not Matter

Morning or evening administration makes no difference on time outside target INR range

Full Impact of Drug Use on U.S. Mortality Not Captured by Data

Estimated number of drug-associated deaths 2.2 times higher than number of drug-coded deaths

Prolonged ECG Monitoring for Syncope in ED Feasible, Safe

Diagnostic accuracy of ECG monitoring fair, but sensitivity increases with >12 hours of monitoring

2008 to 2016 Saw Decline in Primary Care Visits for Children

Increases seen in visits to other acute care venues and to specialists during the same period

Recommendations Issued for CT Contrast Use in Kidney Disease

Experts say risk overstated for use of IV iodinated contrast media in patients with reduced renal function

Anti-Müllerian Hormone Predicts Time to Final Menstrual Period

AUC significantly greater for predicting FMP within next 24 months with AMH- versus FSH-based models

Six Active Ingredients of Sunscreen Systemically Absorbed

Plasma concentrations exceeded 0.5 ng/mL for all six active ingredients with sunscreen application

Low-Carb, Low-Fat Diets Not Tied to Mortality Overall

However, unhealthy low-carb diet, low-fat diet associated with higher total mortality

Mental Health Outcomes No Better for Teens Undergoing RYGB

Self-esteem improved after five years in surgical group, but no improvement seen in overall mood

Medical Cannabis May Initially Aid Sleep in Chronic Pain Patients

Compared with placebo, cannabinoids show no improvement in pain scores in adult cancer patients

ACP: Medicare for All Needed to Fix ‘Ill’ U.S. Health Care System

American College of Physicians has endorsed two proposals being discussed by Democratic presidential candidates

First U.S. Patient With Coronavirus ID’d in Washington State

Patient is being quarantined 'out of an abundance of precaution … not because there is severe illness'

Evidence Lacking for Identifying Optimal Primary Care Panel Size

Evidence insufficient for impact of increasing panel size on health care outcomes, provider burnout

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Charges for Prostate Cancer Vary

Mean charge for standard 28-fraction was $111,728.80, 10.1 times the price paid by Medicare

Primary Care Screening for Dementia Not Harmful

No increases for depressive, anxiety symptoms seen with screening in rural, suburban, urban primary care clinics

Human-to-Human Transmission of Chinese Coronavirus Confirmed

Two people in the southern Chinese province of Guangdong caught the virus from family members

Further Improvements in Survival Seen After Allogeneic Transplant

2003 to 2017 saw reduction in nonrelapse mortality, relapse of cancer, relapse-related and overall mortality

Wearable Device Data May Help Predict Flu-Like Illness Patterns

Fitbit data significantly improved prediction of influenza-like illness in top five states with most users

Fish Oil Supplement Intake Linked to Better Testicular Function

Findings from cohort of young Danish men show supplement linked to higher semen volume, testicular size

Cognitive Behavioral Program Benefits Patients With Diabetes

Peer-delivered program tied to improvements in quality of life, physical activity, pain

Food Insecurity May Increase Risk for Premature Death

Higher all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality seen in food-insecure versus food-secure adults

Dasatinib Tops Imatinib for Ph+ Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Four-year cumulative risk of any relapse lower for dasatinib in the context of intensive chemotherapy

Troponin Testing May Be Overused in Geriatric Patients

Findings show high false-positive rate in elderly with nonspecific complaints in the emergency department

New Guidance Issued for Care of Children With Williams Syndrome

Children with WS should be evaluated by a pediatric cardiologist, undergo psychoeducational evaluation

Decline in Mortality Seen in Diabetes Patients in Hong Kong

Decline in all-cause mortality from 2001 to 2016 not statistically significant for those aged 20 to 44 years

2011 to 2017 Saw Increase in Binge Drinks Per Binge Drinker

Largest percentage increases seen for those without high school diploma, household income under $25,000

Americans Lack Knowledge About Eye Health

Survey shows gap between Americans' perceived knowledge and actual knowledge

Second Death From New Coronavirus Reported in China

CDC now screening travelers to the United States on direct or connecting flights from Wuhan

FDA Warns of Surgical Gowns That May Not Be Sterile

Issue affects Level 3 surgical gowns and procedural packs that contain these gowns

Stomach Virus Strikes 170 Yosemite Visitors, Staff

Two cases confirmed as norovirus, and most of the others are consistent with the virus

Regional Outreach Boosts Female Residency Recruitment

Annual workshops offered to female medical students helped boost their matches for orthopedic surgery residency

Longer External Ventricular Drain Closures Needed to Read ICP

Intracranial pressure equilibrium reached in only 22.9 percent of external ventricular drain closures

Colorectal Cancer Risk Still Up in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis

Even after adjustment for tumor stage, patients with ulcerative colitis have higher risk for CRC mortality

Lack of Self-Exams Hampers Early Melanoma Identification

Of those surveyed in rural communities, 43 percent intended to perform self-exam but did not follow through

Quickly Reducing High Potassium Levels Improves Outcomes

Lower mortality seen in emergency department patients whose potassium is normalized quickly

CDC: Benzodiazepines Prescribed at 27 Office Visits Per 100 Adults

Overlapping opioid Rx involved in about one-third of visits at which benzodiazepines were prescribed

Acute Flaccid Myelitis Features Differ in Peak, Nonpeak Years

Patients with AFM onset in peak years are younger, more often positive for enterovirus, rhinovirus RNA

Cancer Survivors Have Substantial Medical Financial Hardship

Financial sacrifices also reported, with hardship and sacrifices more common in survivors aged 18 to 64

Level of Antibiotic Prescribing High for Children in Tennessee

Nearly 25 percent of overall, broad-spectrum antibiotic prescriptions written by 1.7 percent of providers

Satisfaction High With Mohs Surgery for Melanoma In Situ

Short-term, long-term patient satisfaction high with Mohs micrographic surgery for melanoma in situ

Increasing Vegetable Intake Does Not Slow Prostate Cancer

Behavioral intervention had no impact on time to progression among men with early-stage disease

Ageism Predicts Significantly Worse Health Outcomes

Older persons who are less educated particularly likely to have adverse health effects of ageism

Japan Reports First Case of New Coronavirus

Patient returned to Japan on Jan. 6 after traveling to the central Chinese city of Wuhan

CDC: Many Americans Are Inactive, With Southerners Faring Worse

Agency releases new estimates of physical inactivity across states and U.S. territories

Single-Payer System Would Likely Save Money

Largest savings predicted to come from simplified billing and lower drug costs

Sepsis Associated With Almost 20 Percent of Global Deaths

Sepsis incidence and mortality decreased from 1990 to 2017, but considerable regional variation identified

2003 to 2017 Saw Drop in Infant Mortality Due to Birth Defects

Considerable variation found in the decrease, with smallest decline for infants born to black mothers

ACA Tied to Narrowing of Disparities in Access to Care

Nationwide improvements in insurance coverage and access to care seen, even in nonexpansion states

Lack of Insurance Tied to Later Stage of Breast Cancer at Diagnosis

Almost half of higher stage of disease at diagnosis in racial/ethnic minorities explained by insurance status

History of Falls Predicts Future Fractures in Postmenopausal Women

Earlier injurious falls predicted future fractures but not major osteoporotic fractures

High-Dose Erythropoietin No Benefit for Extreme Preemies

No reduction found in risk for severe neurodevelopmental impairment or death at 2 years of age

Coronary Artery Disease Risk Down in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Risk for coronary artery disease significantly decreased for survivors with diagnosis in 80s, 90s versus 70s

Popular Diets May Impact Testosterone Levels in Men

Low-fat diets tied to lower testosterone, even after controlling for other factors

Cesarean Rates No Higher for Diabetes Patients Induced in 38th Week

But compared with expectant management, induction at 38 weeks tied to certain neonatal adverse outcomes

Online Information About Probiotics Often Unreliable

Most information from commercial sources; only 35 percent of webpages refer to scientific literature

Injury Deaths Predicted to Increase With Anomalously Warm Temperatures

An estimated 1,601 additional injury deaths predicted with 1.5-degree Celsius increase

BP Measures Progress More Rapidly in Women Than Men

Steeper increase in BP seen as early as the third decade in women, continued through life course

Many Women Have Posttraumatic Stress After Early Pregnancy Loss

Twenty-nine percent of women met criteria for posttraumatic stress one month after pregnancy loss

New Coronavirus in China Could Possibly Spread Between Humans

However, officials say that currently, there is no definitive evidence of human-to-human transmission

Risk for Suicide Increased in Children, Teens Who Self-Harm

Suicide rate in United Kingdom among youth who self-harm more than 30-fold higher than expected rate

FDA: Weight Control Drug Lorcaserin May Raise Cancer Risk

Health care providers should balance the benefits of taking lorcaserin against the potential risks

CDC: Romaine Lettuce E. Coli Outbreak Over

Agency lifts advisory against romaine lettuce from the Salinas Valley growing region in California

2011 to 2017 Saw Increase in Spending on DMTs for MS

Increase in annual expenditures on MS DMTs mainly driven by increases in per-prescription costs

Outcomes Superior for HM3 LVAD Regardless of Preimplant Strategy

HeartMate 3 superior to HeartMate II whether device is bridge to transplant or destination therapy

Care Management for Complex Needs May Not Cut Readmissions

Lack of effect on readmissions for Camden Core Model shows challenge of targeting superutilizers

Evolution of Approval, Regulation Processes for Drugs Explored

FDA drug review times down from 1983 to 2017, but time from clinical testing to approval did not change

AI System Can Detect, Grade Cancer in Prostate Needle Biopsy

AUCs were 0.997, 0.986 for distinguishing between benign, malignant biopsy cores, respectively

Enterovirus A71 Outbreak in Children ID’d in Colorado Hospital

Neurological findings of myoclonus, ataxia, weakness, and autonomic instability differentiate EV-A71

Interventions More Likely After RYGB Versus Sleeve Gastrectomy

Operation, intervention within five years more likely after gastric bypass than after sleeve gastrectomy

Maternal Distress May Affect Brain Development in Fetuses With CHD

Stress, anxiety, depression more prevalent among women carrying fetuses with congenital heart disease

Vaccine Program Recovery Difficult After Public Scares

Misinformation is threat to resilience of vaccination programs globally, authors say

One in Four Children With Autism Not Formally Diagnosed

Black and Hispanic children most at risk for missed diagnosis

Most Eligible Knees Not Being Replaced in Timely Manner

Of knees that were potentially appropriate but not replaced, 42.5 percent had severe symptoms

Vital Exhaustion Linked to Increased Risk for Incident A-Fib

After adjustment for comorbidities, risk remained significantly increased with vital exhaustion

Less Than a Quarter of Medicare Patients Participate in Cardiac Rehab

Participation lower among women than men, among Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks versus whites

N.J. Lawmakers Pass Bill to Ban Flavored Vaping Products

Bill will take effect 90 days after being signed by the governor

Experts Call for Pediatric Consideration in EMS Planning

Recommendations address planning of EMS dispatch protocols, operations, and physician oversight

Notification Laws May Not Increase Knowledge of Dense Breast Risks

Women with lower education may be less likely to gain awareness of breast density due to the laws

Online Patient Portal Use May Up Likelihood of Kidney Transplant

Portal users more likely to have received kidney transplant at four, five years after initiating dialysis

Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Will Pose Clinical, Economic Burden

Model predicts rising costs for care of U.S. patients with NASH and T2DM over next 20 years

Robotic Surgery Saw 8.4-Fold Increase From 2012 to 2018

Immediate adoption at hospitals seen with decrease in traditional laparoscopic procedures

Alcohol Consumption Levels High in Cancer Patients, Survivors

One in five patients report binge drinking, while one-third exceed moderate drinking levels

Doctor Replacement Ratios Higher in Largest, Hospital-Owned Practices

More than double the number of physicians entered than exited large group, hospital-owned practices

Cancer Incidence Up in World Trade Center Responder Cohort

Incidence up for all cancer sites combined and for prostate cancer, thyroid cancer, leukemia

2001 to 2016 Saw Drop, Stall in IQ Losses From Chemicals

IQ losses due to in utero PBDE, methylmercury exposure, early life lead exposure decreased or stalled

Incidental Lymphopenia Linked to Increased Risk for Mortality

Higher risk seen for all-cause, cancer, and CV, respiratory, and infectious disease mortality

Mandatory Vaccination Ups Prevalence of Vaccine Coverage

Measles, pertussis vaccination increased in European countries with mandatory vaccination

Mortality Risk in Oropharynx Cancer Varies Based on HPV Status

Patients with OPC with HPV-negative tumors have increased risk for head and neck cancer mortality

Guidance Issued for Hepatic, Mesenteric Circulation Disorders

Recommendations address bleeding and thrombotic risk in cirrhosis; portal, mesenteric vein thrombosis

Survival Similar for Kidneys From Dead Donors With, Without AKI

Deceased donor AKI status has no association with death-censored graft failure, all-cause graft failure

Antipsychotic Use Safer Than No Use in Schizophrenia

No increase seen in severe morbidity, hospitalization when compared with periods of nonexposure

China Reports First Death in Coronavirus Outbreak

Patient was 61-year-old man hospitalized with shortness of breath and severe pneumonia

NFL Joins Blood Drive by Giving Away Two Super Bowl Tickets

People who donate blood or platelets by Jan. 19 will be entered automatically in the drawing

Gout Incidence Down With SGLT2 Inhibitors in Type 2 Diabetes

Gout incidence rate significantly reduced with SGLT2 inhibitor versus GLP-1 receptor agonist

Physicians Spend >16 Minutes Per Encounter on EHR Use

Distribution of time spent by providers using EHRs varies considerably within specialty

Behavioral Therapy First Step for Overactive Bladder in Men

Combination therapy better than drug therapy alone, but not better than behavioral therapy alone

Black and Latina Mothers Face Higher Rates of Severe Maternal Morbidity

Findings observed compared with white women at same hospital, with no differences by insurance type

Telemedicine Visits Comparable for Glycemic Control in T1DM

Telemedicine instead of office visit did not change outcomes in patients with suboptimal glycemic control

Burnout in Med Students Tied to Perceived Stress, Phone Behavior

Majority of osteopathic medical students report low sense of personal accomplishment

Intensive Systolic BP Control May Not Benefit All Older Adults

No real benefit seen for adults ≥80 years with lower cognitive function

Recruitment Satisfactory for Foreign-Educated Health Providers

However, survey shows that ethical problems remain, including with breach fees

Major Cardiovascular Diseases May Up Long-Term Risk for ESKD

Risk highest for heart failure; risk for heart failure nominally higher with preserved ejection fraction

Many With History of Anxiety Report Complete Mental Health

Factors linked to being in CMH include female gender, older age, being married, good physical health

Bariatric Surgery May Aid T2DM-Related Outcomes at Five Years

Benefits seen for diabetes remission, weight loss, changes in metabolic parameters

Neural Tube Defect Prevalence 7.0 Per 10,000 in HIV-Exposed

Prevalence of 7.0 per 10,000 HIV-exposed pregnancies similar to prevalence in general population

Risk for Gluten Exposure High With Specific School Activities

High risk found for paper mâché, cooked pasta in sensory table, baking project but not dry pasta, Play-Doh

Treatment Guidelines Updated for Hand, Hip, Knee Osteoarthritis

Strong recommendations made for self-efficacy/self-management, tai chi, topical NSAID for knee, hand OA

Neighborhood Disadvantage Impacts Hospital Quality Ratings

Hospitals serving communities with higher social risk have lower-quality ratings

15-Year-Old Texas Teen Youngest in U.S. to Die From Vaping

Officials say teen had 'chronic underlying medical condition,' but condition has not been identified

Two More Heartburn Meds Recalled Due to Possible Carcinogen

One California lab claims heat is raising NDMA levels in ranitidine tablets

California May Start Producing Its Own Medicines

Proposal also includes a single market for drug pricing in the state

Total Opioid Overdose Deaths Down With Medicaid Expansion

But increase observed in methadone-related overdose mortality in Medicaid expansion states

Reduction in Tongue Fat Can Improve Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Decline in tongue fat volume is main upper airway mediator of link between weight loss, AHI improvement

Uterine Balloon Tamponade for Postpartum Bleeding Seems Safe

Inexpensive device shows high success rate for stopping bleeding with low complication rate

Untreated Oral Infection Not Tied to Stem Cell Transplant Outcomes

Untreated oral infections pretransplant not linked to post-HSCT survival during six-month follow-up

Life Expectancy Free of Chronic Disease Up With Healthy Lifestyle

Adults with four or five low-risk lifestyle factors have increased life expectancy free of diabetes, CVD, cancer

Tea Drinking Linked to Reduced Risk for Atherosclerotic CVD

Risks for atherosclerotic CVD incidence and mortality, all-cause mortality lower in habitual tea drinkers

Cooking Programs May Influence Children’s Food Selection

Those who watch healthy demonstrations more likely to make healthy food choices

Perceived Risks of E-Cigarettes Vary With Demographics

Among youth, adjusted odds of perceiving harm from nicotine higher in girls, lower in urban residents

Globally, Men Have Higher Burden of Glaucoma Than Women

Men have higher rates of age-standardized disability-adjusted life years; difference increases with age

Four Weeks of Active TENS Beneficial for Fibromyalgia

Greater decline seen in movement-evoked pain, fatigue; more improvement found on global impression of change

Clinical Guidelines Developed for Managing Nosebleeds

Ongoing active bleeding should be treated with nasal packing; patients should be educated on packing

New Coronavirus May Be Cause of Viral Pneumonia Outbreak in China

As of Sunday, 59 people in Wuhan were being treated for the respiratory illness

CDC Warns of Tough Flu Season Ahead

Most unusual part of the flu season is that influenza B strain has proven to be dominant

Second U.S. Baby Born From Transplanted Uterus From Deceased Donor

To date, infants born from transplanted uteri have only been delivered by cesarean section