Controlled BP Down Among U.S. Adults With HTN After 2013–2014

Controlled BP more likely among those aged 45 to 64 years, less likely for those aged 75 years or older

Widespread Avoidance of Medical Care Found Due to COVID-19 Concerns

Prevalence of care avoidance higher for caregivers, those with underlying conditions, disabilities

Middle, High School Students Mainly Use Flavored E-Cigarettes

Proportion of disposable product e-cigarette sales increased during September 2019 to August 2020

Few High-Grade Soft Tissue Sarcoma Patients Receive Chemo

Percentage of STS patients receiving chemo driven by factors such as tumor size, income, facility type

Poverty-Stricken Adults More Likely to be Calcium-, Vitamin D-Deficient

Data suggest that nutrient deficiencies affect osteoporosis risk more for poverty-stricken men versus women

Considerable Adverse Outcomes Reported for Young Adults With COVID-19

Young adults hospitalized with COVID-19 have substantial rate of adverse outcomes; 2.7 percent died

Moderate, Heavy Drinking Linked to Increased BP, HTN in T2DM

Odds of elevated blood pressure and stage 1, 2 hypertension increased with moderate drinking

Shift Seen to Newer Agents to Treat Psoriasis

Biologics and small molecule inhibitors increasingly used for treatment of newly diagnosed psoriasis

Child Hospital, ICU Admission Rates Similar for COVID-19, Flu

But more clinical symptoms reported at the time of diagnosis for children with COVID-19 versus flu

Increase Seen in Hydroxychloroquine Rx by Nonroutine Specialists

New Rx increased 80-fold among specialists who do not typically prescribe these medications

Insurer, Insured Costs for HIV PrEP Rising in the United States

2014 to 2018 saw increase in estimated third-party, out-of-pocket payments per 30 TDF-FTC tablets

USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Screening Elders for Hearing Loss

Evidence insufficient for assessing benefits and harms of screening in older adults without symptoms

Financial Strain Tied to Higher Risk for Suicide Attempts

Variables of debt, housing instability, unemployment, low income together increase risk 20-fold

Early Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis May Slow Heart Disease

RA treatment response does not appear to impact improvement in vascular stiffness

Pandemic Threatens Gains in Reducing Preventable Childhood Deaths

Many countries experiencing disruptions in childhood checkups, vaccinations, malnutrition programs

New COVID-19 Test Provides Results in 15 Minutes

Test correctly diagnoses infection 90 percent of the time and a negative result 100 percent of the time

Clinical Trial of AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine Paused After Illness

Company investigating whether the illness may be a side effect of the vaccine

More Than Half a Million U.S. Children Already Infected With COVID-19

There were 70,630 new child cases reported between Aug. 20 and Sept. 3

Weight Gain Pattern Early in Life May Affect Later Lung Function

Children with early accelerated BMI gain have higher lung function at age 7 years

Respiratory, Lung Cancer Death Up Even With Low-Intensity Smoking

Risks for respiratory and lung cancer mortality increased for those smoking <10 cigarettes per day

Drug Companies Say Ethical, Scientific Standards Will Be Followed in Making COVID-19 Vaccines

The pledge issued Tuesday is meant to increase public confidence in any approved vaccines

CYP2C19 Genotyping May Aid Antiplatelet Prescribing

Benefit only seen for composite outcome, not for major or minor bleeding incidents

Median of 36 Days Found From COVID-19 Symptom Onset to Viral Clearance

Slight increase in time from symptom onset to viral clearance seen with increasing age, disease severity

High Coronary Artery Calcium + Diabetes Even Riskier for Women

In adults with diabetes, high CAC score predicts CVD, total mortality more strongly in women than in men

Seizures During Menstrual Cycle Tied to Drug-Resistant Epilepsy

History of a psychiatric condition, seizure types also linked to drug resistance

Prolonged Viral Shedding Seen in Children Positive for SARS-CoV-2

Median duration of viral shedding 19.5 days; median of 18 days found from RT-PCR positivity to seropositivity

Surgery May Be Viable Option for Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Palatal and tongue surgery reduces apnea, hypopnea events in patients with OSA who fail routine therapy

Four Studies Indicate Benefits of Steroids for COVID-19

Three randomized trials and a meta-analysis show benefits for critically ill patients, severe COVID-19

AKI Common in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19

AKI occurred in 46 percent of hospitalized patients, linked to increased risk for in-hospital mortality

Factors Clarify Racial Disparity in Prostate Cancer Survival

Education, median household income, and insurance status contribute most to racial disparity in the U.S.

States Should Prepare for COVID-19 Vaccine by Nov. 1

U.S. Surgeon General said a COVID-19 vaccine is possible, but not probable, by Nov. 1

As Tough COVID-19 Summer Ends, Experts Warn of Tougher Fall, Winter

A cold-weather surge of COVID-19 cases could trigger a much-feared 'second wave' of infections and deaths

ATV Accidents in Children Most Often Result in Head, Neck Injuries

Study reveals need for improvement in preventative safety recommendations and restrictions

Permanent Hair Dye Not Linked to Cancer Risk, Mortality

Risk increased slightly for basal cell carcinomas; positive link found for some breast cancers, ovarian cancer

Guidelines Updated for Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

Updated content covers six topic areas, including new areas of anemia, pediatrics, pregnancy and delivery

Medical Marijuana Tied to Fewer Admissions in Sickle Cell Disease

But no change in opioid use observed for those receiving medical marijuana certification

Maternal Obesity May Alter Fetal Brain Development

Effects localized in prefrontal cortex and anterior insula, regions with known obesity-related deficits

Almost 1 in 100 May Die From Firearms, Overdose, or Motor Vehicle Accident

Variance in lifetime risk seen across demographic subpopulations and states

Child Cancer Survivors’ Hearing Loss Linked to Cognitive Deficits

Findings seen in survivors of childhood cancer independent of the neurotoxic treatment received

Severe Hypoglycemia May Up Fall Risk in Older Adults With T2DM

Twofold higher risk seen for diabetes patients with a severe hypoglycemia event

Labiaplasty Surgery Considered Safe, Effective

Patients saw significant benefit in functional, appearance-related symptoms and quality of life

COVID-19 During Pregnancy May Pose Risks for Mother, Baby

Though less likely to report symptoms, pregnant women more likely to need intensive care, ventilation

CDC: 13.2 Percent of U.S. Adults Used Antidepressants in 2015 to 2018

Use was higher for women than men; use highest among women aged 60 years and older

Benefit of Adjuvant Dabrafenib + Trametinib Persists in Melanoma

Long-term benefit seen for relapse-free survival in stage III disease with BRAF V600E, V600K mutations

Anticholinergic Meds May Raise Risk for Cognitive Decline

Effects significantly worse among individuals with risk factors for Alzheimer disease

Some Lupus Erythematosus Cases Tied to Drug Exposure

Cases found for both cutaneous and systemic lupus, but some previous reports due to protopathic bias

Chief of U.S. Vaccine Initiative Says October Timeline ‘Extremely Unlikely’

Slaoui says there is 'no intent' to introduce a COVID-19 vaccine before clinical trials are completed

Likely Deficient Vitamin D Status Linked to COVID-19 Risk

Risk for testing positive for COVID-19 increased for likely deficient versus likely sufficient vitamin D groups

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of...

Adult ADHD Symptoms May Predict Motor Vehicle Crash Risk

Persistence of symptoms in adulthood carries higher risk than childhood-limited ADHD

2009 to 2019 Saw Increase in Exposure to Phenibut in U.S.

Exposure resulted in moderate effects in 49.6 percent of cases and major effects in 12.6 percent

ESC Updates Guidelines for Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Patients with congenital heart disease increasingly present as older adults, including the elderly

Science Not Yet Advanced Enough for Genetic Editing of Embryos: Expert Panel

However, panel has not taken a position on whether genetic editing of embryos is ethical

Few U.S. Children Meet Guidelines for Exercise, Screen Time

Most children attain the sleep guideline, but few meet the physical activity, screen time guidelines

Early Body Mass Index Tied to Cardiometabolic Risk at Age 11 to 12

Obese children also have higher outcome pulse wave velocity, carotid intima-media thickness

Invasive Treatment Tied to Better Outcomes in Elderly With NSTEMI

Mortality, incidence of hospital admission for heart failure lower in ≥80s with invasive management

Long-Term Outcomes Stable After Breast Reconstruction

Stability seen in both long-term surgeon- and patient-reported outcomes data

Imaging Manifestations of E-Cig, Vaping Lung Injury Described

Most commonly presents on CT as acute lung injury with multifocal ground-glass opacity, consolidation

Closed-Loop System Beneficial for Children With T1DM

Glucose level within target range for greater percentage of time than with sensor-augmented insulin pump

Sodium Phenylbutyrate-Taurursodiol Promising for ALS

Slower functional decline seen with active drug versus placebo through 24 weeks

Higher Prevalence of Asthma Not Seen Among COVID-19 Patients

Prevalence of asthma in hospitalized COVID-19 patients similar to population prevalence of asthma

Moderate/High Risk for ESRD Tied to Worse Cognition Later in Life

Those with higher-risk episodes for ESRD as young adults had poorer cognitive performance at midlife

Gestational Weight Gain Tied to Childhood Allergic Conditions

Prepregnancy weight and gestational weight gain tied to childhood asthma, wheezing, eczema, and allergies

CDC Refutes Social Media Rumors That COVID-19 Death Data Is Inaccurate

Conspiracy theories claim only a small percentage of people said to have died from COVID-19 actually died from the disease

In-Person Visits to Resume at U.S. Prisons in October

To date, 12,610 federal inmates have tested positive for COVID-19

John Wagner No Longer Heading FDA Office of External Affairs

Departure comes after mishandling of an announcement about experimental therapy for COVID-19

Fauci Warns Colleges Not to Send Students With COVID-19 Home

Universities continue to be hit with alarming infection rates, and many have already switched to online learning

Cardiovascular Health Tied to Lower Risk for Eye Diseases

Findings particularly strong for lowering risk for diabetic retinopathy

Poll: Americans Now More Likely to Get COVID-19 Vaccine

However, only 27 percent said they would get a vaccine within the first three months of it being available

Empagliflozin Superior to Placebo for Heart Failure

Risk for CV death, hospitalization with heart failure reduced, regardless of presence of diabetes

Sex-Disparities Exist in Liver Transplant Allocation

Women 8.6 percent more likely to die waiting, 14.4 percent less likely to receive a deceased donor liver transplant

No Link Between Hyperthyroidism Treatment, Solid Cancer Death

Association between radioactive iodine treatment and solid cancer mortality is dose dependent

Pandemic Changed Asthma Care Delivery for Children

Simultaneously, admissions and systemic steroid prescriptions also declined

Dementia May Contribute to More Deaths Than Previously Thought

Association between dementia and mortality may be underestimated by nearly threefold

VA/DoD Issue Guideline for Diagnosis, Management of HTN

Measurement of BP; target treatment goals; nonpharmacologic, pharmacologic therapy discussed

Emergency Visits for E-Scooter Injuries Up From 2014 to 2019

Injuries nearly doubled, with head injuries most common

Brain Scan May Guide Therapy for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Better response to cognitive behavioral therapy linked to greater activation in certain areas of brain

Higher Vitamin D Levels Linked to Lower Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Relationship modified by overall sleep patterns, especially with daytime sleepiness

Symptoms of Depression More Prevalent During COVID-19

Lower income, less than $5,000 in savings, exposure to more stressors linked to higher risk for symptoms

No Proof Convalescent Plasma Effective Against COVID-19

NIH panel says data are insufficient to recommend either for or against the use of convalescent plasma

U.S. Will Not Join International COVID-19 Vaccine Effort

White House says it does not want to be constrained by multinational groups such as the WHO

CDC Alerts Nation to Prepare for COVID-19 Vaccine by Early November

CDC has notified officials across all 50 states that limited vaccine doses might be available by late October

Deaths From Atrial Fibrillation Declined From 1972 to 2015

Two-year gap in life expectancy still exists, compared to individuals without atrial fibrillation

High-Intensity Lifestyle Treatment Beneficial for Obesity in Underserved

Significantly greater percent weight loss in intensive-lifestyle group for mainly low-income population

August 2020 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for August 2020. This roundup includes the...

In-Hospital Heart Failure Deaths Down With Routine Vaccinations

Patients with heart failure receiving flu, pneumonia vaccinations have lower in-hospital mortality

August 2020 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for August 2020. This roundup includes...

August 2020 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for August 2020. This roundup includes the...

Guidelines Developed for Exercise in Cardiovascular Disease

CV screening recommended before sport participation to lower CV risk via individualized management

August 2020 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for August 2020. This roundup includes the...

August 2020 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Model Better Predicts Lung Cancer Risk for African Americans

Sensitivity for lung cancer screening greater with PLCOm2012 model than USPSTF criteria

August 2020 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Maternal H1N1 Flu Vaccination Not Linked to Autism in Offspring

Prenatal exposure not associated with diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, autistic disorder

August 2020 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

ADA Updates Guideline for Pharmacotherapy of T2DM

Metformin preferred as initial agent; early combined therapy can extend time to treatment failure

August 2020 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for August 2020. This roundup...

August 2020 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Digital Cognitive Therapy Aids College Women With Eating Disorders

Coached, digital intervention effective for reducing psychopathology, depression, clinical impairment

August 2020 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for August 2020. This roundup includes...

August 2020 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Consensus Statements Issued for Adult Cochlear Implantation

20 statements relate to awareness of implantation, effectiveness of implantation, outcomes

August 2020 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for August 2020. This roundup includes the...

Workplace Climate Drives Nurses’ Perception of Burnout

Authors say that interventions to reduce burnout must extend beyond the individual level

August 2020 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Neuropsychiatric Disorders Up in Offspring of Mothers With PCOS

Exposure to maternal polycystic ovary syndrome tied to higher risk for neurodevelopmental disorders

August 2020 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for August 2020. This roundup includes the...

SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies for 6 Percent of Frontline Health Care Personnel

Seroprevalence lower for HCP who reported always wearing a face covering while caring for patients

August 2020 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Flexible School Meals Program Extended by USDA

Program will be extended at least through the fall to keep millions of children fed amid the COVID-19 pandemic

August 2020 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

California Chicken Plant Closes After 8 Employees Die From COVID-19

Along with deep cleaning of the plant, all 1,400 people at the facility will be tested for COVID-19

August 2020 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2020 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

GM, Ford Finish Making 80,000 Ventilators

Ford made 50,000 and GM made 30,000 of the machines designed by Ventec Life Systems

August 2020 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for August 2020. This roundup includes...

August 2020 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Nonpsychotic Mental Disorder in Teens Linked to Later MI Risk

Stress resilience and lifestyle factors partially attenuate the association, but it remains significant

August 2020 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for August 2020. This roundup includes the...

August 2020 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for August 2020. This roundup includes the...

More Than 20 Percent of Children With COVID-19 Are Asymptomatic

SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA detected for a mean of 14.1 days among children who are asymptomatic

Lung-Specific Risk Factors Linked to Hip Fracture in Smokers

Authors say incorporating lung-specific risk factors would improve hip fracture risk prediction models

MASCC/ISOO Update Guidelines for Management of Mucositis

Topics include basic oral care, photobiomodulation therapy, cryotherapy, natural interventions

Chlamydia, Gonorrhea Rates Up Among Young Women in the U.S.

More women ages 18 to 30 are testing positive for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Follow-up Calls After Mohs Surgery Do Not Boost Satisfaction

But calls made the evening of dermatology surgery can identify patients with active pain

Delayed Radiotherapy Not Tied to Worse Survival in Prostate Cancer

Initiation of RT up to six months after androgen deprivation therapy not tied to worse overall survival

Use of Fitness Trackers May Spur Exercise in Older Adults With MS

However, only 28 percent of older adults with multiple sclerosis reported using fitness trackers

Use of Performance-Enhancing Substances Tied to Risk Behaviors

Use of PES in young adults, especially young men, is associated with future alcohol use, risk behaviors

Pandemic May Have Delayed Type 1 Diabetes Diagnoses

Severity of presentation with diabetic ketoacidosis higher in 2020 versus 2019

Long-Term Follow-Up Reported for BP Telemonitoring Program

Over five years, reduced cardiovascular disease events led to cost savings of $1,900 per patient

Palliative Care Explored for Long-Term Neurological Conditions

Short-term integrated palliative care intervention does not alter outcomes in neurological conditions

Community-Level Factors Explain Some Racial Disparities in COVID-19

Link between Latino population, higher COVID-19 rates attenuated after adjustment for these factors

Smartwatch App Compared to Standard ECG for Acute Coronary Syndromes

Smartwatch ECG has high sensitivity, specificity for normal ECG, ST elevation, non-ST elevation changes

FDA Could Green-Light COVID-19 Vaccines Before Clinical Trials Completed

Data, not politics, would guide any FDA decision on vaccines, according to agency commissioner

Cannabis Use Increased Among Older Adults From 2016 to 2018

Prevalence of use about double for men versus women; increased for almost all age groups

AI Model Using Chest X-Ray May Predict 12-Year Lung Cancer Risk

CXR-LC model had better discrimination than CMS eligibility, similar performance to PLCO Model 2012

Most Shoulder Replacements Last More Than 10 Years

Substantial improvement from baseline seen in pooled 10-year patient-reported outcome measures

Vitamin C Positively Linked to Skeletal Muscle Mass Measures

Positive links seen for dietary and circulating vitamin C with muscle mass in middle- and older-aged adults

Losing Weight Before Midlife Cuts Mortality Risk

Risk lower for those who dropped from obese to overweight versus those who remained obese

Proportion of Deaths Due to Heart Failure, HTN Increasing

But overall decrease in deaths from ischemic heart disease seen from 1999 to 2018

Risk for Cancer Reduced for Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

Pooled prevalence rates of breast cancer, digestive cancer, skin cancer were 2, 2, and 1 percent, respectively

Respiratory Disease May Increase Risk for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Findings seen for both seropositive and seronegative rheumatoid arthritis, but only among nonsmokers

Many Opt for Genetic Testing of Embryos for Kidney Disease

65 percent of couples using IVF who selected testing had at least one live birth of an unaffected child

COVID-19 Infection May Initially Present as Acute Pancreatitis

Rates of acute pancreatitis higher among Blacks, Hispanics versus Whites hospitalized with COVID-19

Proteomic Markers May Predict Psychosis in Those at Risk

Predictive models based on proteomic biomarkers may help personalize prognosis strategies

Low Rates of Severe Disease, Death Reported for Children With COVID-19

Fatigue, headache, myalgia, sore throat, low platelet count, lymphadenopathy more often seen in MIS-C

Early Use of Empiric Antibacterial Therapy Common in COVID-19

Likelihood of receiving antibiotics higher for more severe illness, at for-profit hospitals

Mortality, Intubation Rates Lower With Anticoagulation in COVID-19

Thromboembolic disease that was not suspected clinically identified in 42 percent of autopsies

FDA Warns of Hand Sanitizers in Food-Like Packaging

Reports received by the FDA include hand sanitizer sold in a pouch that resembled a snack

Model Says COVID-19 Deaths Could Surpass 317,000 by December

Since January, there have been more than 5 million COVID-19 cases in the U.S. and more than 180,000 deaths

Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Peaches Has Now Sickened 78 People

23 people have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of...

No SARS-CoV-2 RNA Seen on Surfaces in Radiation Oncology Clinic

No detectable SARS-CoV-2 found in radiation oncology dept. housed in tertiary care COVID-19 referral center

Minority of Teens Receive Health Care Transition Planning

Adolescents with anxiety, depression more likely to receive recommended transition care planning

Yoga Practice May Benefit Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

Reductions seen in symptomatic AF, nonsymptomatic AF, asymptomatic AF episodes; depression and anxiety

Program Improves Use of Chronic Opioid Therapy in HIV Care

TEACH intervention increases adherence to guideline-concordant care for HIV patients with chronic pain

Recovery Protocol Cuts Opioid Use After Elective Neurosurgery

Cohort study shows reduced opioid use for patients having elective spine and peripheral nerve surgery

Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors Not Tied to Skin Cancer

No increased risk seen with topical calcineurin versus topical corticosteroids in adults with dermatitis

Guideline Updated for Nutrition in Chronic Kidney Disease

Updated guidelines expanded to include patients with stage 1 to 5 CKD, those with kidney transplant

Alcoholic Liver Disease Death Rates Up for Non-Hispanic Whites

Death rates higher for men, but male-to-female ratio decreased in past two decades

Smoking, High Early-Life BMI Projected to Add to MS Burden

Authors estimate the contribution of smoking, high child BMI as risk factors for MS in 2015, 2025, 2035

Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Worse Outcomes in COVID-19

Higher risk for death seen among mostly Black adults with MetS hospitalized for COVID-19 in New Orleans

Admissions for Stroke, TIA Down Early in COVID-19 Pandemic

Emergency department stroke alerts decreased, and stroke severity as measured by NIHSS increased

Risk for COVID-19 Hospitalization Follows Usual Pattern in Lupus

Similar to the general population, predictors of hospitalization include race, comorbidity, and BMI

Parents Have Contradictory Views on Childhood Vaccines

More than one-third of parents believe not all recommended vaccines are necessary

Maine Summer Camps Identified, Isolated COVID-19 Cases

Actions prevented COVID-19 transmission to more than 1,000 other campers and staff

Changes to CDC COVID-19 Testing Guidelines Trigger Concern

Guidelines changed this week and prompted concern among infectious disease professionals

U.S. Nursing Home Staff Must Be Tested Regularly for COVID-19

Long-term care facilities account for 42 percent of COVID-19 deaths in the United States

Blacks Have Higher Incidence of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

Increases in the incidence of CVT from 2006 to 2016 driven mainly by increases among men, older women

About Half of Waivered Clinicians Prescribe Buprenorphine for OUD

Percentages much higher for actively prescribing U.S. clinicians with 275 and 100 versus 30 patients

Preterm Delivery Ups Risk for Premature Mortality in Mothers

Risk for all-cause mortality up in 10 years after delivery and still elevated at 10 to 19, 20 to 44 years

Weight Loss May Lower Obesity-Related Cancer Risk in T2DM

Statistically nonsignificant reduction in incidence rate of obesity-related cancers seen in Look AHEAD trial

Increase in Hospital Bed Use Tied to COVID-19 Deaths in Seven Days

1 percent increase in ICU bed use tied to more than twofold increase in COVID-19 deaths in seven days

Mental Health Resilience Tied to Fewer COVID-19 Worries

People more worried about family members, unknowingly spreading virus than contracting it

Patient-Reported Outcome Measure May Be Useful in Hemodialysis

ESAS-r:Renal can standardize symptom screening but does not impact symptom management

Escitalopram Reduces Symptoms of Anxiety in Teens With GAD

Increasing CYP2C19 metabolism linked to reductions in escitalopram Cmax, AUC

Exposure to Burning Wood Linked to Abnormal Cardiac Parameters

Abnormal cardiac function, structure seen with exposure to pesticides, metals, burning wood

AHA Details How to Lower Stroke Risk During, After Heart Surgery

Preoperative, intraoperative, postoperative strategies can help prevent perioperative stroke

About One in Three Multiple Sclerosis Patients Have Migraine

Pooled prevalence of migraine 31 percent in MS patients, with significant variance internationally

Survival Worse for Breast Cancers Secondary to Childhood Cancer

Breast cancer-specific survival decreased for women previously treated with radiation for a primary cancer

WHO: Polio Eradicated in Africa

Campaign by governments and nonprofits delivered nearly 9 billion polio vaccines

WHO: Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Still Experimental

FDA 'emergency use authorization' does not mean plasma therapy has been proven safe and effective

Type 2 Diabetes May Negatively Impact Bone Density in Youth

Findings seen in adolescents and young adults with T2DM regardless of body weight

Nurse Understaffing Common in Hospitals Prior to COVID-19

Many nurses give their hospital unfavorable safety marks, would not recommend hospital to others

Vitamin D Supplement No Benefit in Pediatric Persistent Asthma

No improvement seen compared with placebo in children with asthma and low vitamin D levels

Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Asymptomatic Children Identified

Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in asymptomatic children linked to incidence of COVID-19 in general population

Electronic Alert May Cut Excessive SABA Prescribing in Asthma

Repeat SABA prescribing for patients with asthma decreased in the 12 months following the alert

More Nighttime Coughing May Indicate Worse Asthma Control

Increase in coughing measured via smartphone app tied to worse control for same, subsequent week

Heart Events Observed for ~12 Percent of Adults Hospitalized With Flu

Acute heart failure and acute ischemic heart disease are most common cardiovascular events

Care Delayed for Many U.S. Breast Cancer Patients Early in Pandemic

Younger patients experienced more delays; otherwise, no differences seen by race, insurance type