Ultra-Processed Food Intake Linked to Increased CVD Risk

Second study shows consumption associated with all-cause mortality with significant dose-response link

No Subfascial, Intramuscular Injection Recommended in Gluteal Fat Grafting

All injections should be performed exclusively into the subcutaneous tissue

Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Shortage Looming

White paper calls for research on practice and policy to support maximizing contributions of PNPs

Mammogram Benefits Seen as More Important Than Harms

Perception varies by knowledge of latest recommendations, date of last mammogram

Experts Develop Standardized Tool for Describing Cell Therapies

Consensus reached on contents of DOSES tool for improving standardization and transparency

Many Immunosuppressed Persons Join in Hurricane Cleanup

Use of respirators low, with about half of those engaged in heavy cleanup wearing respirator

FDA Approves First Test for Zika in Human Blood

The ZIKV Detect 2.0 IgM Capture ELISA is made by Seattle-based InBios

Inappropriate Prescribing Leads to Poor Outcomes in Older Adults

Potentially inappropriate prescribing tied to ED visits, adverse drug events, functional decline

Reading Visit Notes May Improve Medication Management

Patients say note reading helps them understand why meds are prescribed, makes them feel in control

More Than 1 in 4 Middle-Aged Men, Women Have Low Bone Mineral Density

Osteopenia at femoral neck found in 28 percent of men, 26 percent of women aged 35 to 50 years

Hip Fracture Linked to Increased Risk for Death in T2DM Patients

Correlation not affected by adjustment for cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease

Incidence Rates for Aggressive Uterine Cancers on the Rise

Survival rates lowest for non-Hispanic blacks regardless of stage at diagnosis, histologic subtype

Eczema-Related School Absences Higher Among Blacks, Hispanics

3.3 percent of children missed at least six days of school in six months due to their skin condition

Global Burden of Serious Health-Related Suffering to Double by 2060

Fastest increases seen in low-income countries, among older people, and for those with dementia

Energy Drinks Prolong QTc Interval, Elevate Blood Pressure

Findings seen among young, healthy volunteers randomly assigned to energy drinks or placebo

Teen Team Sports Participation Benefits Adult Mental Health

Team sports participation beneficial for individuals exposed to adverse childhood experiences

Extragenital Tests to Detect Chlamydia, Gonorrhea Cleared for Marketing

Tests previously approved for testing urine, vaginal, and endocervical samples

Daratumumab Cuts Risk for Progression in Multiple Myeloma

Adding daratumumab to lenalidomide + dexamethasone beneficial for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma

Long-Term Survival Similar for Endovascular, Open AAA Repair

Overall survival not significantly different for patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning May Have Neuroprotective Effects

Dynamic cerebral autoregulation increased six hours after RIPC, lasts for at least 24 hours

Recent Plateauing Seen in Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes

Following increase from 1990 to 2007, incidence rates significantly decreased since 2007

Transgender No Longer Classified as Mental Health Disorder by WHO

The term 'gender incongruence' will be removed from WHO list of mental disorders

FDA Permits Marketing of Test to Detect Periprosthetic Joint Infection

Synovasure Lateral Flow Test Kit could help patients avoid unnecessary revision surgery

Poverty Ups Risk for Amputation After Knee Replacement

No racial or sex disparities seen for risk for amputation after periprosthetic joint infections

Higher BMI in Male Teens Tied to Cardiomyopathy in Adulthood

Risk increased even at BMI considered normal; more than eightfold greater risk seen for BMI ≥35 kg/m²

Regulation of Intestinal Microbiota Beneficial for Anxiety

Six of seven studies using nonprobiotics as interventions were effective

AI Model Can Improve Accuracy of Lung Cancer Screening

In some situations, model outperformed radiologists with reductions in false positives, negatives

Guidance Updated for Sedation in Pediatric Dental Patients

Importance of having two individuals present during deep sedation and/or general anesthesia emphasized

Cancer Consultation Low in Noncurable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Likelihood of cancer-directed therapy higher for first consult with medical, radiation oncology versus surgery

Suboptimal BP, Fasting Glucose Tied to Atrioventricular Block

Two modifiable variables potentially explain more than half of all atrioventricular blocks

Antiplatelets Do Not Up Recurrence in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

In population with cerebral microbleeds, no increased risk seen for those starting antiplatelet therapy

First PI3K Inhibitor Approved for Metastatic, Advanced Breast Cancer

Piqray approved for HR-positive, HER2-negative, PIK3CA-mutated, metastatic or advanced breast cancer

FDA Approves First Gene Therapy for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Patients treated with Zolgensma have shown improvement in reaching developmental motor milestones

Meds for Weight Management Underutilized Among Veterans

Only 1 percent of veterans enrolled in weight management programs receive medications

Decreased Air Pollutants Linked to Less Childhood Asthma

Lower asthma incidence tied to decreases in NO2, PM2.5; no link found for ozone, PM10

Rate of Opioid Prescribing High for Teens, Young Adults in ED

From 2005 to 2015, rate of opioid prescribing was 14.9 percent in ED; rates highest for dental pain

Work Burnout, Gaming Addiction Classified as Diseases by WHO

Both conditions will be included in the 11th edition of the WHO International Classification of Diseases

T2DM Is Risk Factor for Liver Fibrosis Progression in NAFLD

In multivariate analysis, age, albumin concentration, T2DM independently tied to progression

American Psychiatric Association, May 18-22

The 172nd American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting The annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association was held from May 18 to 22 in San Francisco...

Migraines in Pregnancy Tied to Worse Outcomes for Mother, Baby

Poor outcomes seen in pregnancy for women and at birth, neonatal, and postnatal periods for infants

Statin Use With Colorectal Cancer Lowers Risk for Early Death

Taking statins before or after cancer diagnosis cuts all-cause and cancer-related deaths

Intracranial Hemorrhage Risk Up With Low-Dose Aspirin

Caution advised for low-dose aspirin in individuals without symptomatic cardiovascular disease

LDL Decreased With LDL-Apheresis in ACS Patients

Significant reduction seen in mean LDL among patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with PCI

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Linked to Cancer Diagnosis in Women

Increased odds ratios for cancer observed in different categories of OSA for women, not men

Specialized Programs in Clinical Cardiovascular Genetics Needed

New cardiovascular subspecialist, genetic cardiologist, needed to interpret genetic variation

Vertical Plating Offers Benefit for Mandibular Body Fractures

Vertical plating offers equal or greater resistance to torsional forces, tied to fewer postop complications

U.S. Incidence of Pediatric Thyroid Cancer on the Rise

More marked increases in incidence observed from 2006 to 2013 than from 1973 to 2006

Poor Glycemic Control Linked to Sarcopenia in T2DM

Correlation independent of major covariates including anthropometric factors and diabetes duration

Vision Loss May Up Cognitive Decline-Related Functional Limitations

More adults who report visual impairment have subjective cognitive decline-related functional limitations

Women’s Facial Moisturizers Cost More Per Ounce Than Men’s

Facial moisturizers marketed to women are more than $3 more per ounce, despite similar ingredients

Risk for Suicide Attempts in Children Doubles With Parental Opioid Use

Opioids may be contributing factor to time trend in adolescent suicidality, authors say

Postdischarge Fall-Related Injury a Top Readmission Diagnosis

FRI second-leading diagnosis for readmission with FRI and cognitive impairment at index admission

Digestive Disease Week, May 18-21

Digestive Disease Week 2019 The annual Digestive Disease Week, sponsored by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, American Gastroenterological Association, American Society...

U.S. Lawmakers Say WHO Opioid Guidelines Too Lax

Organization claims guidelines influenced by people with financial ties to Purdue Pharma

California Bill to Tighten Vaccine Exemptions Moves Forward

State public health officials would have the authority to decide which children qualify for medical exemptions

Severe Maternal Complication Risk Four Times Higher With Twins

Cesarean delivery accounts for one-fifth of the risk of severe acute maternal morbidity

High-Deductible Health Plans May Be Harmful for Patients With COPD

Individuals with HDHP more likely to report forgoing care due to costs, cost-related nonadherence

Decrease in PM2.5-Related U.S. Mortality From 2010 to 2017

During the same period, ozone-related mortality remained mainly unchanged

Most At-Risk Opt Out of Genetic Testing for Huntington Disease

Lack of cure, inability to 'undo knowledge' primary reasons for not going through with testing

Blood Donor Screening Data IDs Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Highest estimated prevalence of FH seen in young versus older donors, and in men versus women

Early cART Leads to Enhanced T Cell Function in HIV Infection

Limiting acute viremia results in enhanced functionality of HIV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells

Medication Nonadherence Common in Patients With T2DM

Urine testing shows nonadherence highest for statins in patients with type 2 diabetes

Firearms Leading Cause of Death Among Young Adult Men

Findings in U.S., Mexico, Brazil, Colombia based on national vital statistics data from 1990 to 2015

Pediatricians Should Encourage Fish Consumption for Children

Fish have favorable nutrient profile versus other animal proteins; for most types, benefits outweigh risks

Classification System Developed for Cardiogenic Shock

System describes stages of cardiogenic shock from A, classified as at-risk, to E, representing extremis

Most Patients at High Risk of Opiate Overdose Do Not Receive Naloxone Rx

Only 1.5 percent of high-risk patients are prescribed naloxone upon ED or inpatient discharge

Volume Overload Present in Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis

Men and those with diabetes have higher risk of volume overload; overload linked to mortality

Suboptimal Diet Accounted for >80,000 Cancer Cases in 2015

Low intake of whole grains, dairy products, high intake of processed meats account for highest burden

CDC: Cancer Death Rates Decreased, Heart Disease Deaths Rose

Cancer death rates decreased from 1999 to 2017; heart disease deaths dropped to 2011 and then increased

CDC: Seniors Use Various Strategies to Reduce Rx Costs

Overall, 4.8 percent have not taken meds as prescribed; 17.7 percent have asked for lower-cost medication

Half-Price Version of Humalog Insulin Now Available

Eli Lilly's generic version being sold under the chemical name insulin lispro

Treatment Rates Low for Parents With Opioid Use Disorder

Many parents with opioid, substance use disorder are living with children; treatment rates are low

Some Women With HIV Struggling to Achieve Viral Suppression

Overall, 71.2 percent have viral suppression, including 35.2 percent of those with high probability of viremia

Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Gestational Diabetes Risk

Association even stronger for women persistently deficient through the second trimester

Weight Loss Tied to Adverse Outcomes in Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant

Weight loss before transplantation associated with increased hospitalization LOS, graft loss, mortality

Depression, PTSD Linked to More Participation in Cardiac Rehab

Participation in cardiac rehabilitation up for patients with ischemic heart disease, comorbid conditions

Targeted Laser Surgery Treats Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Engel I outcomes more likely with ablations targeting specific lobe structures

Bystander Resuscitation Attempted Less Often for Women in Cardiac Arrest

Women have half the chance of initial shockable rhythm, chances of survival to discharge compared with men

Adverse Liver Outcomes Up With Diagnosis of NAFLD/NASH

Baseline diagnosis of diabetes independent predictor of advanced liver disease diagnosis

Women With COPD Have Worse QoL, Increased Symptom Burden

Women are more likely to be symptomatic, have greater odds of frequent, severe acute exacerbations

Closed ICU Model May Reduce Hospital-Acquired Infections

Decline seen in CLABSI, CAUTI, VAP rates; no change in C. diff infection, MRSA blood infection rates

Incidence of Parkinson Disease Increased in Bipolar Disorder

High frequency of psychiatric admissions for manic/mix, depressive episodes linked to increased risk for PD

Poor Broadband Penetration in Rural Areas Limits Telemedicine

Broadband penetration poor in counties with inadequate access to primary care doctors, psychiatrists

Homemade Sunscreen Recipes Commonly Shared, Offer Low Protection

Interest in natural products includes homemade sunscreen, which offers insufficient sun protection

Favorable Trends Seen in Lipids, Apolipoprotein B in U.S. Youth

Adjusted mean total cholesterol level decreased from 1999-2000 to 2015-2016 in youth aged 6 to 19 years

Four Clinical Phenotypes Identified for Sepsis

Phenotype distributions similar in derivation, validation cohorts; highest mortality for γ phenotype

Bill Would Raise U.S. Legal Age to Buy Tobacco to 21

Fourteen states have already enacted laws raising the minimum age for tobacco sales to 21

Non-Rx Fentanyl Up in Urine Tests Positive for Other Drugs

Significant increases seen in urine drug tests positive for cocaine and methamphetamine

Rates of Depression Up in U.S. Women at Hospital to Give Birth

U.S. rate of depressive disorders recorded during delivery hospitalization increased from 2000 to 2015

Fracture Risk Tool Useful for Women on Aromatase Inhibitors

Findings question considering aromatase inhibitors a 'secondary cause of osteoporosis'

Clinical Drug Diversion Costly to Health Care Organizations

Report finds 47.2 million doses lost due to health care worker misuse and theft in 2018

Gender Gap in U.S. Youth Suicide Narrowed From 1975 to 2016

Suicide prevention efforts should take both sex and developmental level into consideration

Higher Consumption of Sugary Drinks May Up Mortality in Adults

Findings include both sugar-sweetened beverages and 100 percent fruit juices

Dupilumab Cuts Exacerbations in Late-Onset Asthma

Lung function improved at weeks 12 and 52 in patients with, without fixed airway obstruction

Octogenarians With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Have Poor Survival

Overall survival 1.5 months; survival improved for those receiving chemotherapy

Regular Puzzle Use May Improve Cognition in Older Adults

Performance on 14 measures of cognitive function better for those doing word or number puzzles

Weight Gain, Loss in Seniors May Increase Risk for Dementia

Significant correlation observed between late-life BMI changes and dementia risk in both sexes

Early Neuromuscular Blockade No Better in ARDS Patients on Vent

Mortality similar for those receiving continuous infusion of cisatracurium, lighter sedation targets

Racial Disparity Seen in Prescriptions for Buprenorphine

Office visits for drug to treat opioid use disorder most commonly self-pay or private insurance

Readmission Rates Vary Little Among Primary Care Doctors

One of 4,230 PCPs had readmission rate that was significantly above the mean

Postoperative Infection Rate Similar Across Biologics in RA

Glucocorticoid use ups risk for hospitalized infection, prosthetic joint infection after arthroplasty

Statin Use Reduces Dementia Risk After Concussion in Seniors

Patients receiving a statin have reduced risk for dementia, independent of cardiovascular meds use

Mometasone, Tiotropium Do Not Top Placebo in Mild Asthma

And budesonide-formoterol superior to albuterol for prevention of asthma exacerbations

Medicaid Expansion Cuts Racial Disparities in Preterm Births

Overall rates of low birth weight unchanged, but reduction seen in disparities for black infants

One-Third of Patients on Statins Do Not Reach Target Thresholds

Not reaching thresholds places patients at increased risk for cardiovascular events

Hormone Therapy in Transgender Women Ups Breast Cancer Risk

Transgender people on hormones, cisgender people should follow same breast cancer screening guidelines

Millennial Parents Found More Likely to Drive Distracted

Parents born between 1981 and 1996 more likely to read text messages while driving with children in the car

DDW: Ingested Button Battery Can Cause Gastric Injury

Eighty-six percent of pediatric patients with BB ingestion had visual evidence of mucosal damage

Cancer Screening Less Likely Among Current Smokers

Findings based on guideline-based screening for breast, prostate, colorectal cancer

3 Percent of Infant Sleep-Related Deaths Occur in Sitting Devices

Less than 10 percent of deaths occur in properly used car seats during travel

Access to Care Worse for Sexual-Minority Cancer Survivors

Sexual-minority women with access deficits have increased odds of poor physical, mental quality of life

Guidance Issued for Systems of Care for Stroke Patients

Recommendations support educational initiatives to increase awareness, need to seek emergency care

Colorectal Cancer Incidence Increasing in Younger Adults

Despite overall decline or stabilization, increase seen for young adults in some high-income countries

First Anticoagulant Approved for Preventing VTE Recurrence in Children

Boxed warning lists risk for epidural, spinal hematomas with neuraxial anesthesia, spinal puncture

Prenatal Care App Can Reduce In-Person Obstetric Visits

No significant difference in patient or provider satisfaction with use of app

Private Insurers Pay 241 Percent of What Medicare Would Pay

RAND researchers recommend private insurers move toward fixed-price arrangements

Many Lives Could Be Saved if All Hospitals Had Grade A Rating

Patients at D, F hospitals have 91.8 percent increased risk for avoidable death compared with A hospitals

Pool Chemical Injuries Led to ~13,500 ED Visits in 2015-2017

More than one-third of injuries occurred among patients aged younger than 18 years

CDC: Salmonella Outbreaks Linked to Backyard Poultry

52 people sickened and five people have been hospitalized; no deaths reported

More U.S. Adults Show Signs of Despair As They Enter Middle Age

Pattern generalized across races, education levels, geography

FDA Approves Venetoclax for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

In randomized trial, drug demonstrated statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival

Study Describes TBI Caregiver QOL Measurement System

Five new item banks developed to assess health-related quality for traumatic brain injury caregivers

Thresholds Found for Unilateral Optic Nerve Lesions in MS

Intereye differences for retinal nerve fiber layer and macular ganglion cell + inner plexiform layer useful

Goggles That Record Nystagmus Could Help Diagnose Vertigo

Vestibular event monitoring feasible, could allow accurate diagnosis of episodic vestibular disorders

Quitting Smoking Lowers Risk for Bladder Cancer Postmenopause

Significant drop seen in first 10 years of cessation, continues to decrease as cessation time increases

Estimated Prevalence of Low Birth Weight Down Since 2000

However, average annual reduction rate of 1.23 percent insufficient to reach global targets

Open Heart Surgery Beats Stents for Multivessel Disease

Findings reinforce need for team approach to treatment decisions for heart conditions

Global Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases on the Rise

Significant increases seen worldwide, but burden highest in Europe

Sleep Duration Tied to Adverse Measures of Glycemia

Findings seen among adults with prediabetes or recently diagnosed, untreated type 2 diabetes

Heroin Overdose ED Visits Decreased From 2017 to 2018

Decreases not consistent across states, with significant increases in Illinois, Indiana, Utah

Magnitude of Weight Loss Similar for Teens, Adults After RYGB

Adolescents significantly more likely to have remission of type 2 diabetes and hypertension

Poll: Many Adults Worried About Developing Dementia

But only 5 percent of respondents reported discussing prevention with doctor

Dabigatran Does Not Beat Aspirin for Preventing Recurrent Stroke

Efficacy similar to aspirin for preventing recurrent stroke after embolic stroke of undetermined source

Americans Increasingly Open About Mental Health

More young adults report feeling shame and stigma about mental health issues than older adults

Recs Updated for TB Screening, Treatment in Health Care Workers

Guidelines include preplacement TB risk assessment, postexposure symptom evaluation and testing

Avelumab + Axitinib Approved for Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma

Treatment combination demonstrated longer progression-free survival versus sunitinib in randomized trial

FDA Approves Venetoclax for Chronic, Small Lymphocytic Leukemia

In randomized trial, drug demonstrated statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival

North Carolina Sues Electronic Cigarette Maker JUUL

Also, judge has ruled that the FDA neglected its legal duty by postponing reviews of vaping products

AI Model Uses Serial Imaging to Predict Lung Cancer Tx Response

Deep learning integrates CT scans from multiple time points to improve clinical outcome predictions

Dabigatran Doesn’t Beat Aspirin for Preventing Recurrent Stroke

Efficacy similar to aspirin for preventing recurrent stroke after embolic stroke of undetermined source

Smartphone App Could Help Diagnose Ear Infections

By using smartphone microphone, speaker to assess eardrum mobility, app can detect middle ear fluid

ASCO: Low-Fat Dietary Pattern Cuts Breast Cancer Deaths

Significant reduction in deaths from breast cancer after cumulative follow-up of 19.6 years

Cannabis Legalization Not Tied to Higher Health Care Utilization

Compared to control states, length of stay and costs did not change significantly in Colorado

Transition Planning for Senior Surgeons Needed

Society of Surgical Chairs offering new guidance and recommendations

Risk for Prolonged Opioid Use Up in Patients Receiving Tramadol

Those receiving tramadol postop have similar, higher risks as those receiving other short-acting opioids

CDC: Number of Births in U.S. Reached New Low in 2018

General fertility rate and total fertility rate also dropped to record lows in 2018

Habitual Glucosamine Use Linked to Reduced Risk for CVD Events

Risks reduced for total cardiovascular disease events, CVD death, coronary heart disease, and stroke

Risk for Miscarriage Up With Benzodiazepine Use in Early Pregnancy

Risk similar for exposure to short-acting, long-acting benzodiazepines during early pregnancy

Healthy Lifestyle Recommended for Reducing Dementia Risk

Guidelines focus on physical activity, eating well, cessation of tobacco and hazardous/harmful drinking

FDA: Tattoo Inks Recalled Due to Bacterial Contamination

Symptoms of tattoo ink-associated infections include rashes, lesions in areas where ink has been applied

Two-Thirds of Sunscreens Fail Safety Tests

More than 60 percent of products do not provide adequate sun protection, contain potentially harmful chemicals

Computer-Based Training Studied in Children With Fragile X Syndrome

Similar improvements seen in groups receiving adaptive, nonadaptive cognitive training program

Use of Rehab After Ischemic Stroke Varies in Acute Care

Some stroke patients less likely to get rehabilitation services due to patient, hospital variables

Tool Predicts Quality Measures After Ventral Hernia Repair

ORACLE can be used to show patients how lifestyle changes affect outcomes of interest

Worldwide Prevalence of Eating Disorders Increased Since 2000

Point prevalence for eating disorders increased during the study period from 2000-2006 to 2013-2018

CDC: Racial Disparity Seen With Lupus-Related Deaths

Deaths among blacks occur sooner after diagnosis and at younger age compared with whites

Risk for Repeat Concussion Quantified for Pediatric Patients

16.2 percent of patients experienced at least one repeat concussion; increase in risk seen with patient age

Opioid Quantity Prescribed After Musculoskeletal Injury Tied to Prolonged Use

Opioid type not predictive of prolonged use for patients with musculoskeletal injury undergoing surgery

Thyroid Hormones Not Endorsed for Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Almost all adults with SCH would not benefit from treatment with thyroid hormones

Prophylactic Antibiotic Cuts Infection Risk After Operative Vaginal Birth

Benefits seen following operative vaginal birth at 36 weeks of gestation or later

Some Cervical Cancer Screening Strategies More Cost-Effective

Most lifetime QALYs seen with cytologic testing every three years, repeated for ASC-US

AAN: Oral BTK Inhibitor Superior to Placebo in Multiple Sclerosis

Fewer enhancing lesions seen in weeks 12 to 24 for 75 mg evobrutinib once daily versus placebo

Gestational Weight Gain Weak Predictor of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

Meta-analysis identifies estimates of optimal gestational weight gain

Quitting Smoking While Pregnant Tied to Reduced Risk for Preterm Birth

Risk reduced even for high-frequency cigarette smokers

Taxing Sweetened Beverages Reduces Volume Sold

Decrease in beverages sold partially offset by increase in volume of sales in bordering areas

Tool Predicts Seizure Risk During, After Pregnancy

Risk for seizures predicted for pregnant women with epilepsy on medication

American Academy of Neurology, May 4-10

The 71st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology The annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology was held from May 4 to...

California Couple Awarded $2 Billion in Roundup Lawsuit

Bayer, parent company of Monsanto, maintains glyphosate, main ingredient in Roundup, is safe

Light, Incremental Physical Activity Can Help Reduce Brain Aging

Each additional hour spent in light-intensity physical activity equivalent to about 1.1 years less brain aging

Mindful Music Listening Aids Cognitive Recovery After Stroke

Mindful music listening feasible, acceptable, may be effective after stroke

U.S. Parents Worried About Child’s Communication Skills

Speech development, language concerns, and hearing issues most common concerns

Late-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Often Misdiagnosed as Type 2

Almost one-third of people older than 30 when first diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have type 1

U.S. Prevalence of Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Stable at 4.7 Percent

But prevalence of AFLD with stage 2 or greater fibrosis, AFLD with stage 3 or greater fibrosis increased

Home-Based Cardiac Rehab May Be Option for Some Heart Patients

Short-term clinical outcomes improved similarly for home-based, center-based cardiac rehabilitation

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Cases Increased in 2004 to 2012

Highest rates of HZO seen in older adults, women, and in whites versus other racial groups

Adverse Childhood Experiences Linked to Worse Lupus Outcomes

More adverse childhood experiences associated with depression, poor overall health for those with SLE

Standard Outcome Measures Developed for Pediatric Facial Palsy

Standard measures allow for recording outcomes of facial palsy treatments among pediatric patients

Infection Risk Lower With Certain Psoriasis Treatments

Risk for serious infection reduced for new users of apremilast, etanercept, ustekinumab versus methotrexate

Prior Training Increases Internists’ Knowledge of PrEP for HIV

IM residents with training report more frequent prescribing, higher comfort level in educating patients

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, May 3-6

The 67th Annual Clinical Meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists The annual meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists was...

Prevalence of Low Back Pain About 26.4 Percent in U.S. Workers

16.9 percent of workers with any low back pain missed at least one day of work in previous three months

T2Bacteria Panel Accurately IDs Bloodstream Infections

Mean time to species identification 3.61 to 7.70 hours, depending on number of samples tested

Patients Find Note Reading Important for Health Management

Few patients very confused or more worried after reading clinicians' outpatient visit notes

CDC: U.S. Measles Cases in 2019 Reach 839

Most on cruise ship under measles quarantine cleared to leave

Heart Patients at Risk When Pharmacies Close

Study shows link between pharmacy closures and medication noncompliance among patients with CVD

Low-Calorie Sweetened Drinks Do Not Cut Calories in Children

Low-, zero-calorie sweetened beverage consumers take in 200 extra calories daily versus water drinkers

Bioimpedance Spectroscopy May Identify Lymphedema Earlier

Surveillance with the technology may allow earlier detection, more effective treatment for lymphedema

Fournier Gangrene Is Safety Concern With SGLT2 Inhibitors

FDA identified 55 cases of FG in patients on SGLT2 inhibitors from March 2013 through January 2019

DDW: Parkinson Disease Risk Up After Appendectomy

Risk greater for those aged 18 years and up, Caucasians, African-Americans, Asians

Higher Risk for Cancer, Mortality Seen With Pediatric-Onset IBD

Risk for cancer, mortality increased for patients with pediatric-onset ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease

Sharing Data With Surgeons Can Reduce Overuse of Mohs Surgery

Mean stages per case reduced; reduction in Medicare spending estimated to be $11.1 million

AAN: Isradipine Offers No Benefit in Parkinson Disease

No significant treatment effect seen in UPDRS Part I to III score measured in the ON state

Whole-Body MRI Accurate for Staging Colorectal Cancer, NSCLC

No difference in sensitivity or specificity for whole-body MRI, standard pathway for staging

Prehospital Tx Guidelines May Improve Outcomes in Severe TBI

Survival to hospital discharge did not improve overall, but improvement seen for severe injury cohort

Model Predicts Counties at Risk for Measles Outbreak

Counties identified as being at risk should be targeted for enhanced surveillance, vaccination

Fatal Overdoses Reduced With Pharmacist Dispensation of Naloxone

However, greater naloxone availability tied to more nonfatal overdoses seen in emergency departments

AAN: Eculizumab Reduces Risk for Relapse in Neuromyelitis Optica

But no significant between-group difference noted in measures of disability progression

Rate of Ordering Cancer Screening Tests Decreases During Clinic Day

Rate of patient completion of cancer screening tests also decreases with appointment later in the day

CDC: Hepatitis A Virus Reports Increased in 2016 to 2018

Multiple infection outbreaks among those reporting drug use, homelessness account for most reports

Health Professionals Supportive of Medicinal Cannabis

However, across medicine, pharmacy, and nursing, providers need more information