July 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Infant Mortality Rates Highest for Non-Hispanic Blacks

Infant mortality rate higher for infants of non-Hispanic black versus non-Hispanic white, Asian, Hispanic women

July 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Transfusion Reactions Up With Postpartum Blood Transfusion

Preeclampsia the single most important risk factor for transfusion reactions in this patient population

July 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Early Menarche Linked to Risk for T2DM in Rural Chinese Women

Risk for diabetes increased for early menarche group; association partially mediated by adult BMI

July 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for July 2019. This roundup...

July 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Dietary Vitamin A Intake Tied to Reduced Risk for Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Cutaneous SCC risk reduced for highest versus lowest quintile of vitamin A, retinol, some carotenoids

July 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for July 2019. This roundup includes...

July 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Asthma Negatively Impacts Work Productivity Worldwide

Findings based on international survey of patients using long-term maintenance medication

July 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for July 2019. This roundup includes the...

One Dose of HPV Vaccine May Be Sufficient in Certain Situations

One dose compared with two or three doses in preventing cervical precancer in high-coverage settings

July 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Brain Aneurysm Risk Examined in Polycystic Kidney Disease

Aneurysms detected by presymptomatic screening, more frequent in those with hypertension, smoking

July 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for July 2019. This roundup includes the...

Recommendations Decreased for Cough, Cold Medicine in U.S.

Recommendations for opioid-containing, nonopioid cough and cold medicines reduced in pediatric population

July 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Many Hospitals Lack Sufficient Surgery Volumes

Leapfrog report says lack of hospital, surgeon volume poses safety risk to patients

Trial Tests CRISPR Gene-Editing to Treat Sickle Cell Disease

Study seeks to recruit up to 45 adults with severe sickle cell disease

10.6 Percent of Seniors Estimated as Current Binge Drinkers

Prevalence of binge drinking higher for non-Hispanic African-Americans, tobacco users, cannabis users

U-Shaped Association Found for Hemoglobin Level, Dementia Risk

Similar correlations seen with structural connectivity and white matter hyperintensity volume on brain MRI

Biologic Tx for Psoriasis May Reduce Coronary Inflammation

Findings indicated by perivascular fat attenuation index, as measured by coronary CT angiography

Hot Pavement Can Burn Feet in Seconds

More education needed to warn of burn risk from hot pavement, particularly as temps exceed 100

Having a Partner, Health Impact Postmenopausal Sexual Activity

For postmenopausal women, sexual activity was affected by partners' medical conditions, own health

Oral Semaglutide Reduces HbA1c, Weight in Patients With T2DM

Semaglutide has a safety and tolerability profile consistent with other GLP-1 receptor agonists

Likelihood of Trying Drugs for the First Time Higher in the Summer

U.S. teens, adults more likely to try illicit drugs for the first time in the summer months

Smoking May Limit Success of Embolization Therapy for PAVMs

Findings seen in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia undergoing pulmonary embolization

Burnout Symptoms May Up Racial Bias Among Resident Physicians

Residents with burnout had greater explicit racial bias, implicit racial bias scores after adjustment

Risk for Allergy Development Increased After Gastric Acid Inhibitor Use

Rates ratios increased with increasing age and were more prominent in women

Estimated U.K. Incidence Rate of Lyme Disease 12.1 per 100,000

If increase continues, more than 8,000 cases expected in United Kingdom by end of 2019

Moving House in First Trimester Linked to Worse Infant Outcomes

Residence change linked to low birth weight and preterm birth in all socioeconomic strata

With Standard Care, BP Control Still Worse in Low-Income Areas

Outcomes worse for some adverse cardiovascular events for participants in lowest-income sites

Preeclampsia History Increases Risk for End-Stage Kidney Disease

ESKD risk highest for women with preterm preeclampsia and/or preeclampsia in two pregnancies

Global Burden of Childhood Cancers Examined

Burden of childhood cancers disproportionately affects populations in resource-limited settings

New Opioid Rx Rules Coming for U.S. Employees’ Health Plans

New Federal Employee Health Benefits Program rules are meant to prevent overprescribing

$70 Million Settlement Reached in Generic Drug Delay Case

In pay-to-delay deals, generic drug makers paid to keep cheaper version of the drug off market

Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreak Linked to Atlanta Hotel

11 people with confirmed Legionnaires' disease attended convention at the hotel; no deaths reported

Oil, Gas Well Exposure May Up Risk for Congenital Heart Defects

Link especially strong for births to mothers living in rural areas with oil, gas activity

CDC: General Fertility Rate, Teen Birth Rate Decreasing in U.S.

However, from 2017 to 2018, increase seen in percentage of births delivered preterm and early term

Changes in Radial Pulse During Menopause May Reflect CV Risk

Age and body mass index, but not menopause, have significant, independent effects on systolic BP

Poll: Patients Want to Talk to Physicians About Self-Care

Physicians largely agree that self-care is an important part of health and well-being

Work-Related Injuries Up Suicide and Drug-Related Death

Suicide and drug-related mortality higher in both male and female injured workers

CIED Complication Rates Vary Considerably Among Hospitals

Rates from 5.3 to 14.3 percent seen in hospitals that implanted at least 25 devices during study period

SGLT-2 Inhibitor Use Not Linked to Increased Risk for UTI Events

Findings seen in propensity-matched cohorts versus receipt of DPP-4 inhibitors or GLP-1 agonists

National Norms Developed for Assessing Medical School Empathy

Any raw score on the Jefferson Score of Empathy can be converted to percentile rank

First Surgery for Ischemic Leg Ulcer May Affect Amputation Risk

But mortality did not differ for initial treatment with open surgical bypass or endovascular intervention

Earlier Puberty in Swedish Boys Only Partially Due to Higher BMI

Trend from 1947 to 1996 partially explained by increasing childhood body mass index

Hearing Loss Takes Mental, Social, Physical Toll on Older People

Early identification and intervention could reduce risk for these poor health outcomes

Opioid Prescribing, New Persistent Use Down After Childbirth

Strongest modifiable factor linked to new persistent use after delivery was filling Rx before delivery

Substantial Costs Attributable to Hospital-Acquired C. Difficile

Direct costs come from extended length of stay and increased hospitalization costs

N.C. Man Dies of Brain-Eating Amoeba After Visiting Water Park

Infection can occur when Naegleria fowleri-contaminated water enters body through the nose

Experts Warn of Mosquito-Borne Brain Infection in Florida

Eastern equine encephalitis has been detected in several sentinel chickens

Lifesaving Drug for Infants Costs $2.1 Million a Dose

When Zolgensma was approved, maker Novartis said it expected insurance companies to cover the cost

Authors Say Lower BP Targets May Cut Recurrent Stroke Risk

Data from randomized trial with nonsignificant findings added to updated meta-analysis

Exposure to Urban Tree Canopy Beneficial for Mental Health

≥30 percent green space, tree canopy specifically, linked to lower incidence of psychological distress

Delay in Time to Chemo Impacts Survival in Breast Cancer

Time interval from diagnosis to surgery has largest impact on time from diagnosis to chemo initiation

Previous Silent MI Often Found at Autopsy in Sudden Cardiac Death

Previous silent MI ID'd in 42 percent of those with sudden cardiac death related to undiagnosed CAD

AI Model Can Predict Long-Term Mortality From Chest Radiographs

Deep learning CXR-risk score based on single chest radiograph identifies risk for long-term mortality

Random Plasma Glucose Levels Can Predict Diabetes Diagnosis

For two RPGs ≥115 mg/dL, sensitivity 87 percent and specificity 77 percent for predicting diabetes diagnosis

Serious Falls Pose Risk to People Living With HIV

Benzodiazepines, muscle relaxants related to serious falls in people living with HIV

Consumer Products Tied to Three-Fourths of Youth Brain Injuries

Findings indicate priority areas for TBI prevention and intervention, including floors and beds

Half of Deaths After Noncardiac Surgery Due to 3 Complications

Major bleeding, myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery, sepsis account for 44.9 percent of deaths

Pediatricians Have Role to Play in Addressing Racism

Infants of color, especially African-Americans, are most often disadvantaged in NICU

Vitamin D Supplementation Beneficial for Glucose Metabolism

Benefits on peripheral insulin sensitivity, disposition index for those at-risk or newly-diagnosed with T2DM

Review Supports Testosterone for Low Sexual Desire in Women

Beneficial effects for postmenopausal women, with preference for nonoral testosterone administration

Roxadustat Noninferior to Epoetin Alfa in Dialysis Patients

And for anemia in patients with kidney disease not undergoing dialysis, roxadustat is superior to placebo

FDA: Blood Clot, Death Risk Up With Higher Dose of Tofacitinib

Increased risk seen with 10 mg dose of tofacitinib used for treating ulcerative colitis

JUUL E-Cigarettes Never Meant for Teens, Company Cofounder Says

Top executive for JUUL Labs testified this week before Congress

Testosterone Replacement Therapy May Increase Cardiovascular Risk

Increased risk in men on TRT for composite of heart attack, ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack

Adherence to Aerobic Activity Guidelines Not Up Since 2008

Over time, significant increase seen in the time spent on sedentary behavior among U.S. adults

Outpatient Service Receipt Down After Medicaid Disenrollment

Decrease in likelihood of receiving any outpatient service among adults with mental health disorders

Model Fails to Predict Risk for Maternal ICU Admission

Model intended to predict admission to maternal ICU based on cumulative effect of multiple risk factors

Some Men at Risk for HIV Do Not Live Near PrEP Provider

Thirteen percent of PrEP-eligible men who have sex with men live in 30-minute-drive deserts

Mortality Up in Women With Central Obesity, Regardless of BMI

Normal weight with central obesity tied to higher risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality

Sling, PT May Be OK for Two-Part Proximal Humerus Fractures

Findings in older adults counter current preference for surgical treatment of this type of fracture

Online Symptom Self-Management + Telehealth Aids Pain, Mood

Collaborative care led by a nurse-physician team with web-based self-management better than self-management alone

Thyroidectomy Complication Rate Down When Surgeon Volume Up

Statistically significant decreases in complication rates, but absolute decreases were low

Daily E-Cigarette Use May Increase Prolonged Cigarette Abstinence

No association for nondaily e-cigarette use with prolonged regular cigarette smoking abstinence

Increase in Rates of Medical Imaging in Pregnancy in U.S., Canada

Increases in the United States and Ontario, Canada, in CT rates, MRI rates, radiography rates

No Indication of ‘July Effect’ in Context of Cardiac Surgery

No variation in in-hospital mortality by procedure month, academic year quartile for cardiac procedures

BPA Substitute Chemicals Linked to Obesity in Children

Urinary BPS concentrations tied to increased prevalence of general, abdominal obesity

Higher Fasting Plasma Glucose May Up Pancreatic Cancer Risk

Continuous increase in risk of pancreatic cancer with elevating fasting glucose, even within normal range

First U.S. Trial Using CRISPR Within the Body Set to Begin

Researchers will attempt to give patients with Leber congenital amaurosis a healthy version of the gene they lack

Taking Prescription Opioids Could Limit Primary Care Access

40 percent of primary care clinics won't take new patients using opioid painkillers, regardless of insurance type

Female Oncologists Attend Fewer Conferences Than Men

Whether meeting conflicted with child care responsibilities was important factor for women

Bariatric Surgery Up in Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease

Complication rates similar for patients with, without ESKD undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy

Most Pediatric In-Flight Medical Events Handled by Crew

Overall, 16.5 percent require additional care on landing; 0.5 percent lead to aircraft diversion

ASCT May Offer Alternative for Tx of High-Risk Follicular Lymphoma

Autologous stem cell transplantation explored for high-risk, early therapy failure FL prior to rituximab use

FDA Approves First Noninjection Glucagon Therapy

Baqsimi nasal powder approved for emergency treatment of severe hypoglycemia in patients ≥4 years

Targeted Interventions Raise HPV Vaccine Acceptance in Women

Educational videos produced the highest rate of acceptability and knowledge

Minor Changes in BMD Seen With Tenofovir PrEP in Short Term

Those at high risk for fracture who plan prolonged PrEP use may wish to consider alternative strategies

Exposure to Air Pollution Tied to Raised Odds of NICU Admission

Acute exposure during week prior to delivery, day of and day prior to delivery may up odds of admission

Review Examines Methods for Diagnosis of Elevated ICP in Critically Ill

Physical examination features not sensitive enough for diagnosis of elevated ICP in critically ill patients

Former NFL Participation Linked to Increased A-Fib Prevalence

Former NFL players also had eightfold higher prevalence of paced cardiac rhythms versus controls

Periop Diabetic Ketoacidosis Seen in Patients on SGLT2 Inhibitors

Testing for acid load needed in patients with diabetes taking sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors

WHO ‘Treat All’ Recommendation for HIV Widely Implemented

Findings seen in rural, primary-level health facilities in low-resource settings

Cuts in Fine Particulate Matter Pollution Have Spared U.S. Lives

Reductions in PM2.5 since 1999 estimated to have lowered mortality in all but 14 counties

CDC: Mortality Rates Continue to Decrease for Hispanic Adults

Difference in death rates between non-Hispanic white, Hispanic adults widened from 2000 to 2017

FDA Warns CBD Product Maker About False Claims

Agency says unproven claims about CBD products could lead consumers to delay medical care

Allergan Recalls Textured Breast Implants Linked to Lymphoma

FDA requested recall to protect women from breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma

Private Equity Stake Rising Among Dermatology Practices

Annual acquisitions increased from five in 2012 to 59 in 2017; 34 more occurred through May 31, 2018

Adiposity in Early Old Age Tied to MRI Signs of Brain Aging Later

Higher BMI, larger waist circumference in one's 60s significantly associated with cortical thinning

Mediterranean Diet May Reduce Gestational Diabetes Risk

But no reduction seen in risk for adverse composite maternal, offspring complications with Med diet

In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests in the U.S. May Be Underestimated

Authors say that cardiac arrest is a 'major public health problem'

Tissue Adhesive, Sterile Strips Similar After Cesarean Section

No difference seen between groups in risk for wound complications after closure of Pfannenstiel incision

Metformin May Lower Dementia Risk in Black Patients With T2DM

Findings strongest in younger African-American patients aged 50 to 64 years

Cancer Risks Examined in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Increased incidences found for lymphoma, lung cancer (in male patients), and cervical cancer

Weight Loss Experiences Differ for Minority Groups With T2DM

Individual session attendance more strongly tied to weight loss in Hispanics, African-Americans

T2DM Increases Gastric Cancer Risk After H. Pylori Eradication

Targeted screening should be considered in high-risk patients following H. pylori eradication therapy

Reducing Air Pollution Could Cut Rates of Childhood Asthma

Compliance with hypothetical standard of 20 ppb NO2 estimated to result in 20 percent reduction in asthma

Initiating Stroke Tx 15 Minutes Earlier Can Improve Outcomes

Findings seen in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with endovascular-reperfusion therapy

Reoperation Rate Down With Retropubic Sling for Incontinence

Cumulative incidence of reoperation significantly lower versus transobturator sling

CV Event Risk Up With Rejected, Abandoned PCSK9i Prescriptions

Rejection rates higher for PCSK9i prescriptions for women, racial minorities, lower-income groups

MGUS Can Progress to Multiple Myeloma Within Five Years

Risk factors associated with progression include IgA isotype, 15 g/L or more monoclonal spike

Senate Bill Would Reduce Drug Costs for Seniors

Bill would limit drug copays for people with Medicare Part D by capping annual out-of-pocket costs

Nonphysican Practitioners Filling Post-ACA Primary Care Gap

New Medicaid beneficiaries seeing nurse practitioners, physician assistants

2001 to 2017 Saw Increase in Suicides in African-American Teens

Male teens were most likely to use firearms or hang/suffocate themselves to commit suicide

USPSTF Reaffirms Benefit of Hep B Screening in Pregnant Women

USPSTF continues to recommend screening for HBV infection in pregnant women at the first prenatal visit

Filgotinib Bests Placebo in Tx of Refractory Rheumatoid Arthritis

Clinical response rate higher among patients with active RA resistant to treatment with biologic agents

Neural-Tube Defects Up for Offspring of Women on Dolutegravir

Prevalence of neural-tube defects with dolutegravir higher than with other antiretroviral tx

Long-Term Diastolic Dysfunction Seen After Early Preeclampsia

Cardiac dysfunction associated with previous preeclampsia is quantifiable and persistent

One in Five Workers Exposed to Secondhand Smoke on the Job

Prevalence highest for those working in industries with outdoor workplaces unprotected by smoke-free laws

Stimulant Treatment Has Strong Protective Effect in ADHD

Number needed to treat was low and varied from three to 10 for youth with ADHD

Rates of Anal Cancer Precursors High in Women Living With HIV

Authors call for new screening strategies for anal cancer prevention in women living with HIV

New ACC/AHA Guidelines Detect More Cases of Gestational Hypertension

Applying new hypertension guidelines to pregnant women increased prevalence of high blood pressure

More Screen Time Ups Risk for Depression in Adolescents

Social comparison and reinforcing spirals likely to blame

Pediatricians Can Play Role in Ensuring School Readiness

Study shows preschoolers with ADHD are more likely to have impaired school readiness

State-Level Firearm Ownership Linked to Domestic Firearm Homicide

No correlation observed for firearm ownership with nondomestic firearm homicide

Initial Sustained Remission Common in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Male sex, early RA, treatment-naive, shorter time to remission tied to greater likelihood of remission

Proportion of CRC Diagnoses Increased in Adults Younger Than 50

Younger adults presenting with colorectal cancer present with more advanced disease than older adults

FDA Grants First Approvals for Generic Versions of Lyrica

Generic versions approved for neuropathic pain management, fibromyalgia, partial onset seizures

Smoking Has Long-Term Impact on Peripheral Artery Disease Risk

Risk for peripheral artery disease remains 30 years after smoking cessation

Almost One in Four Adults ≥40 Takes Aspirin for CVD Prevention

Nearly half of U.S. adults aged 70 years or older without cardiovascular disease take aspirin

Nonprescription Antibiotic Use Seems Prevalent in the United States

Review shows prevalence varies from 1 to 66 percent depending on population characteristics

Plant-Based Diets Inversely Linked to Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Association was strengthened when healthy plant-based foods such as nuts and legumes were included

Light Therapy May Prevent Oral Mucositis for Some in Cancer Tx

Laser, other light tx recommended for patients treated with HSCT; head and neck RT with, without chemo

Opioid Rx Education Insufficient for Plastic Surgery Trainees

Significantly more opioids prescribed by U.S. versus Canadian trainees for seven of eight procedures

Sleep Disorders Up Health Care Visits, Costs for Low Back Pain

However, sleep disorder does not lessen the impact of pain intensity, disability on health care utilization

Supply of Opioids Predicts Long-Term Use in Injured Workers

Odds of long-term opioid use up with initial Rx for five- to nine-day supply versus supply of less than five days

Financial Incentives Help People Stop Smoking

Effectiveness of incentives appears to be sustained once follow-up ends and incentives stop

Nonprofit Funding by Cancer Type Not Proportional to Cancer Burden

Breast cancer, leukemia, lymphoma, pediatric cancers well-funded; GI, gynecologic cancers poorly funded

Excess Risk for Diabetes-Linked Heart Failure Greater in Women

Women with type 1, type 2 diabetes have greater excess risk for heart failure versus men

Music Relieves Preop Anxiety Before Peripheral Nerve Block

Similar changes seen in levels of preoperative anxiety for patients receiving music medicine, midazolam

Current Antibiotic Stewardship Program Practices Characterized

Since 2013, active surveillance for MRSA reduced, monitoring of cleaning effectiveness increased

Key Cystic Fibrosis Pathogens Reduced With Ivacaftor Use

Ivacaftor use linked to reductions in P. aeruginosa rates, prevalence of S. aureus, Aspergillus species

Recommendations Developed for Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine

Vaccine recommended for persons moving to live in JE-endemic country and long-term, frequent travelers

EPA Will Not Ban Pesticide Linked to Brain Harm in Children

Agency says data on health concerns about chlorpyrifos 'not sufficiently valid, complete or reliable'

Family Support May Improve Asthma Outcomes in Poor Youth

Better family ties linked to improved management, outcomes in dangerous/disorderly neighborhoods

FRAX Score Underestimates Risk for Fracture in Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a risk factor for major osteoporotic fracture independent of FRAX score

Female Ophthalmology Residents Perform Fewer Procedures

Female residents perform fewer cataract operations, total procedures than male residents

Frequency of Cannabis Use Before, During Pregnancy Increasing

Increases seen in daily, weekly, monthly cannabis use in year before, during pregnancy

Factors Associated With Thyroid Cancer Overtreatment Identified

Overtreatment more likely in younger, male, Hispanic or Asian patients, those with extensive lymph node surgery

Higher eGFR at Dialysis Initiation Tied to Lower Survival in Children

Findings seen among children with end-stage renal disease

People Living With HIV Have Higher Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Risk for heart failure and stroke particularly higher; risk for heart attack, atrial fibrillation moderately higher

Air Pollution Found to Accelerate Aging of the Lungs

Larger effects seen for people from lower-income households

Systolic, Diastolic HTN Contribute to Adverse CV Events

Systolic, diastolic HTN independently predict composite outcome with thresholds of ≥140/90 or 130/80 mm Hg

Novel Test Accurately Identifies Precancerous Pancreatic Cysts

Cyst classifier test is based on clinical and imaging features, genetic and biochemical markers

Pregnancies in Women Taking Isotretinoin Dropped Since 2006

Pregnancies reduced in women taking isotretinoin since iPLEDGE initiation in 2006, but exposure persists

About One in 20 Patients Exposed to Preventable Harm

Pooled prevalence of preventable patient harm was 6 percent; 12 percent was severe, led to death

CDC Assesses Burden of Eye Disorders in Adults With Diabetes

Cataracts found to be most commonly reported eye disorder affecting adults aged ≥45 years with diabetes

Medical Marijuana Laws May Not Impact Opioid Use

No reduction seen in individual-level nonmedical prescription opioid use from 2002 to 2014

Safety Practice Violations ID’d in Septic Arthritis Outbreak

Multiple breaches included inadequate hygiene, unsafe injection practices, poor cleaning, disinfection

Recovery From Concussion Longer for Athletes With ADHD

Athletes with ADHD had more symptoms at 24 to 48 hours, regardless of psychostimulant use

Narrowing Seen in Racial/Ethnic Differences in Home Dialysis Use

Home dialysis use increased in all groups; racial, ethnic differences decreased from 2005 to 2013

CDC: Prevalence of Smoking Quit Attempts Unchanged in Most States

From 2011 to 2017, quit attempts increased in four states, decreased in two states

Transfers Up for Mental Health Disorders in Uninsured Children

Odds of transfer relative to admission higher for children without insurance versus with insurance

Prevalence of Suicide Ideation 4.6 Percent in Pregnant Women

Findings seen for low-income women enrolled in WIC; odds of suicide ideation up with depression

Novel PET Staging System May Help Monitor Alzheimer Disease

Positron emission tomography used to track stages of β-amyloid accumulation in vivo

Early EEG Helps Predict Cardiac Arrest Outcomes in Comatose

Continuous background pattern at six or 12 hours an independent predictor of good outcome

Rituximab Noninferior to Cyclosporine in Membranous Nephropathy

Drug found to be superior in maintaining proteinuria remission for up to 24 months

Extremely Low LDL Cholesterol May Up Stroke Risk

Higher hemorrhagic stroke risk seen for individuals with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <70 mg/dL

Many Patients With Depression Do Not Need a Psychiatrist

With proper guidance, primary care physicians can screen, diagnose, and treat depression

Continuous Anticoagulants + Cold Snare Polypectomy Noninferior

Findings seen among patients with subcentimeter colorectal polyps receiving oral anticoagulants

Intranasal Sufentanil Cuts Acute Trauma Pain Treated in the ED

Larger studies needed to further assess safety of intranasal sufentanil

Subclinical Cardiovascular Dz May Up Fall Risk in Older Adults

Higher measures of subclinical myocardial damage, cardiac wall strain linked to new falls

Prevalence of Malignancy High in Takotsubo Syndrome Patients

Those with malignancy have higher long-term mortality but no difference in short-term outcomes

Age, Race Disparities Identified in Inpatient Portal Use

Inpatient portals used less by older and African-American patients versus younger, white patients

Menstrual Cups Seem Safe for Menstruation Management

Leakage similar or lower for menstrual cups versus disposable pads or tampons

Physical Activity Linked to Slower Aβ-Related Cognitive Decline

Exercise, lower vascular risk independently attenuate negative link for Aβ burden, cognitive decline

Man’s Award in Roundup Cancer Case Slashed by Judge

Judge said punitive award was too much and reduced it to $20 million

U.S. Drug OD Deaths Fall for First Time in Three Decades

However, U.S. drug overdose death rate remains about seven times higher than a generation ago

Recarbrio OK’d for Complicated Urinary Tract, Intra-Abdominal Infections

Drug approved to treat patients with limited or no alternative antibacterial drugs to treat infection

WHO Declares Congo Ebola Outbreak Global Health Emergency

Declarations of emergency typically spur increases in global attention and aid

MS Relapse Risk Not Increased in Postoperative Period

Odds of postoperative versus preoperative relapse were not increased in unadjusted, adjusted analyses

Depression at Time of Diagnosis May Worsen Survival in Blood Cancers

Risk for death higher even with depression remission versus never experiencing depression

Racial Disparity Shown in Odds of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Odds of TNBC diagnosis increased for black, Hispanic, and younger women

Non-Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants May Be Best for Early-Stage CKD

Benefit-risk profile superior to vitamin K antagonists for early-stage chronic kidney disease

CVD Risk Up in Later Life for Young Adults With High LDL or Hypertension

Young adult LDL ≥100 mg/dL tied to 64 percent increased risk for CHD, independent of later levels

Most Adults Favor Cutting Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes

Overall, 80.6 percent of current smokers, 84.3 percent of former smokers favor cutting nicotine

Alirocumab Cuts CV Absolute Risk the Most for Those With Diabetes

Findings seen in prespecified analysis; alirocumab did not increase risk for new diabetes