Surveillance Breast MRI Ups Biopsy, Cancer Detection Rates

Better results seen compared with mammography alone in women with a personal history of breast cancer

Lowering Cholesterol Levels May Worsen Nerve Damage in T2DM

Higher number of nerve lesions, declining nerve conduction velocities and amplitudes seen

Postop Delirium May Briefly Up Risk for Cognitive Dysfunction

Correlation seen at one month was no longer significant at two months, six months

Workplace Exposures Contribute to Burden of Respiratory Disease

Substantial contribution seen to burden of diseases including asthma, COPD, chronic bronchitis, fibrosis

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Rate Up in Sexual-Minority Youth

Prevalence of NSSI ranged from 38.04 to 52.97 percent for sexual-minority youth between 2005 and 2017

Young Male Adults Have Lower Cancer Burden Than Women

Incidence of all invasive cancers decreased among men aged 20 to 49 years, increased in women

Staphylococcus aureus Linked to Food Sensitization in Eczema

Children with S. aureus more likely to have persistent egg, peanut allergy independent of eczema severity

Costs, Complications Up for Minorities in Cleft Palate Repair

Hospital charges highest for black and Hispanic patients; more total complications seen for black patients

AI Model Based on Deep Learning Detects ACL Tears on Knee MRI

No significant difference seen between ACL tear detection system, clinical radiologists

Allo-HCT With Unrelated Donor Tied to Better Outcomes in AML

In active AML, outcomes superior for allo-HCT with unrelated donor than for cord blood transplantation

Zerbaxa Approved for Hospital-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia

Drug previously approved for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections, UTIs

ASCO: Survival Up With Ribociclib in Advanced Breast Cancer

OS longer for premenopausal patients receiving ribociclib in addition to endocrine therapy

2000 to 2016 Saw Mortality From Falls Increase for Seniors

Home-based strength and balance retraining exercise program can reduce falls among seniors

ASCO: Combo Regimen Effective in CLL With Coexisting Conditions

Progression-free survival longer with venetoclax-obinutuzumab versus chlorambucil-obinutuzumab

ASCO: Olaparib Beats Placebo for BRCA-Related Pancreatic Cancer

Progression-free survival significantly improved with olaparib versus placebo for metastatic disease

Common Supplement Ingredient Could Harm Fetus, FDA Warns

Vinpocetine is a man-made compound used in some products sold as dietary supplements

Immunizations Up in California After Repeal of Nonmedical Exemptions

At the same time, there was a sharp increase in medical exemptions in a few California counties

Policy Changes Proposed to Meet Projected Need for Palliative Care

Modeling suggests the number of palliative care physicians is decreasing

β-Blockers May Moderate Impact of Stress on Atrial Fibrillation

Likelihood of atrial fibrillation episode up during anger or stress; β-blockers can attenuate effect

May 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Current Strategies for Measles Vaccination Insufficient

Current policies will not eliminate measles or prevent future resurgence in seven high-income countries

May 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for May 2019. This roundup includes...

May 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Pressure Injuries at Time of ICU Admission Tied to Longer Stays

Pressure injuries also may have modest association with higher risk for mortality

May 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

May 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

Gout Linked to Increased Risk for Venous Thromboembolism

Venous thromboembolism risk similar for patients with gout regardless of urate-lowering therapy

May 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

Number, Rate of Detergent Pod Exposures Modestly Declined

Increases seen from 2012 to 2015 in children <6, but 18 percent decrease observed 2015 to 2017

May 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for May 2019. This roundup includes...

May 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

Guidelines Issued for Addressing Heart Disease Risk in HIV

Individuals with HIV have significantly higher rates of CVD, may have underuse of statins, antithrombotics

May 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

May 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

ASCO: Pembrolizumab Noninferior to Chemo in Advanced Gastric Cancer

For patients with PD-L1 combined positive score of ≥10, pembrolizumab prolongs overall survival

May 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

FDA Takes Hard Look at CBD

CBD products have swamped the market due to change in federal law, not because of new medical evidence

May 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Decline in Nontraumatic Lower-Extremity Amputation Slowing

Decline in NLEA among patients with end-stage renal disease with diabetes stabilized since 2013

May 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for May 2019. This roundup...

May 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Many Buprenorphine Prescribers Not Offering New Appointments

However, for those offering new appointments, wait times were not long to receive buprenorphine

May 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for May 2019. This roundup includes...

May 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters Often Used in CKD

Despite guidelines, placement of PICCs common in those with advanced chronic kidney disease

May 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

ACP Issues Position on Response to Physician Impairment

Rehabilitated doctors should be reintegrated into practice as long as patient safety not compromised

May 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Most Older Adults Would Have to Liquidate Assets for Home Care

Fewer older adults with significant disabilities could afford extensive care

May 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

Functional Limitations Persist One Year After Mild TBI

Fifty-three percent of patients with mild traumatic brain injury report functional limitations at 12 months

May 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Higher Surgical Volume May Improve Outcomes in Cervical Cancer

Findings show radical hysterectomy at high-volume centers tied to better survival in early cervical cancer

May 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

ASCO: Low-Dose Chemo Benefits Advanced Gastroesophageal Cancer

Elderly, frail receiving 60 percent of oxaliplatin/capecitabine dose have noninferior PFS, less toxicity

Exercise, Therapy May Improve Depression, Diabetes Outcomes

Exercise and cognitive behavioral therapy can improve depression outcomes in adults with type 2 diabetes

Noncompliance Common in Teens Prescribed STI Treatment in ED

Prescriptions often go unfilled; hospital admission is the only factor associated with prescription filling

Higher LDL-C Levels Linked to Early-Onset Alzheimer Disease

Cases with EOAD have higher levels of LDL-C, greater frequency of rare genetic coding variants of APOB

Esketamine Nasal Spray May Improve Refractory Depression Outcomes

Findings seen among outpatients with treatment-resistant depression using combo nasal spray, oral antidepressant

Lupus Manifestations Appear to Differ by Race, Ethnicity

Increased risk for severe manifestations seen among blacks, Hispanics, and Asians/Pacific Islanders

More Opioids Given Than Prescribed in Emergency Department

Opioids more often given in ED than prescribed at discharge for adult ED visits

Recommendations Developed for Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Trials

Biological rationale exists for using treatments proven efficacious in adults with MS for pediatric MS

Excess Cause-Specific Mortality Tied to Chronic Proton Pump Inhibitor Use

Excess mortality due to CVD, CKD, upper GI cancer for those with no indication for PPI use

CDC: Reported Measles Cases Reach 971

With continued outbreaks, CDC says U.S. risks losing measles elimination status

Providers, Peers Influence Aspirin Use Among African-Americans

Positive social environment around a prevention approach may increase uptake, authors say

2007 to 2017 Saw Decline in Number of U.S. Pathologists

At the same time, the cancer-related diagnostic workload rose 42 percent per pathologist

Nonfasting Lipid Levels Adequate for Assessing Cardiovascular Risk

Fasting, nonfasting levels show similar associations with cardiovascular events even for patients on statins

Impaired Vision Tied to Perceived Discrimination in Older Adults

Further, perceived discrimination associated with poorer emotional well-being

FDA to Hold First Public Meeting on CBD

Scheduled speakers will include doctors, consumers, and cannabis industry members

Guidelines Updated for Radiotherapy After Prostatectomy

Updates include adjuvant radiotherapy for patients with adverse pathologic findings, hormonal therapies

Stepped Tx for Alcohol Use Disorder Studied in HIV Patients

Gradually increasing intensity of treatment reduces alcohol intake and improves HIV status

High Costs Associated With Physician Burnout in U.S.

Nationally, about $4.6 billion in costs are related to physician turnover, reduced clinical hours

U.S. Dentists Prescribe Opioids More Often Than U.K. Dentists

Dentists in the United States also prescribe a greater range of opioids, including long-acting opioids

Syncope in Pregnancy May Up Risk for Adverse Outcomes

Syncope may be associated with adverse neonatal and maternal outcomes in first year postpartum

More Steps Tied to Lower Death Risk in Older Women

Association between steps, mortality leveled off at approximately 7,500 steps/day

Weight-Based Teasing Linked to Gain in BMI, Fat Mass for Youth

Teasing in youth with or at risk for overweight associated with greater gain in BMI and fat mass

Early-Onset CRC Rising Fastest for Whites in Western States

Neither increases in prevalence of obesity nor heavy alcohol consumption correlated with CRC trends

Ibrutinib, Venetoclax Active in High-Risk, Seniors With CLL

Findings seen in phase 2 study of combo regimen for first-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Ultra-Processed Food Intake Linked to Increased CVD Risk

Second study shows consumption associated with all-cause mortality with significant dose-response link

No Subfascial, Intramuscular Injection Recommended in Gluteal Fat Grafting

All injections should be performed exclusively into the subcutaneous tissue

Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Shortage Looming

White paper calls for research on practice and policy to support maximizing contributions of PNPs

Mammogram Benefits Seen as More Important Than Harms

Perception varies by knowledge of latest recommendations, date of last mammogram

Experts Develop Standardized Tool for Describing Cell Therapies

Consensus reached on contents of DOSES tool for improving standardization and transparency

Many Immunosuppressed Persons Join in Hurricane Cleanup

Use of respirators low, with about half of those engaged in heavy cleanup wearing respirator

FDA Approves First Test for Zika in Human Blood

The ZIKV Detect 2.0 IgM Capture ELISA is made by Seattle-based InBios

Inappropriate Prescribing Leads to Poor Outcomes in Older Adults

Potentially inappropriate prescribing tied to ED visits, adverse drug events, functional decline

Reading Visit Notes May Improve Medication Management

Patients say note reading helps them understand why meds are prescribed, makes them feel in control

More Than 1 in 4 Middle-Aged Men, Women Have Low Bone Mineral Density

Osteopenia at femoral neck found in 28 percent of men, 26 percent of women aged 35 to 50 years

Hip Fracture Linked to Increased Risk for Death in T2DM Patients

Correlation not affected by adjustment for cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease

Incidence Rates for Aggressive Uterine Cancers on the Rise

Survival rates lowest for non-Hispanic blacks regardless of stage at diagnosis, histologic subtype

Eczema-Related School Absences Higher Among Blacks, Hispanics

3.3 percent of children missed at least six days of school in six months due to their skin condition

Global Burden of Serious Health-Related Suffering to Double by 2060

Fastest increases seen in low-income countries, among older people, and for those with dementia

Energy Drinks Prolong QTc Interval, Elevate Blood Pressure

Findings seen among young, healthy volunteers randomly assigned to energy drinks or placebo

Teen Team Sports Participation Benefits Adult Mental Health

Team sports participation beneficial for individuals exposed to adverse childhood experiences

Extragenital Tests to Detect Chlamydia, Gonorrhea Cleared for Marketing

Tests previously approved for testing urine, vaginal, and endocervical samples

Daratumumab Cuts Risk for Progression in Multiple Myeloma

Adding daratumumab to lenalidomide + dexamethasone beneficial for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma

Long-Term Survival Similar for Endovascular, Open AAA Repair

Overall survival not significantly different for patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning May Have Neuroprotective Effects

Dynamic cerebral autoregulation increased six hours after RIPC, lasts for at least 24 hours

Recent Plateauing Seen in Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes

Following increase from 1990 to 2007, incidence rates significantly decreased since 2007

Transgender No Longer Classified as Mental Health Disorder by WHO

The term 'gender incongruence' will be removed from WHO list of mental disorders

FDA Permits Marketing of Test to Detect Periprosthetic Joint Infection

Synovasure Lateral Flow Test Kit could help patients avoid unnecessary revision surgery

Poverty Ups Risk for Amputation After Knee Replacement

No racial or sex disparities seen for risk for amputation after periprosthetic joint infections

Higher BMI in Male Teens Tied to Cardiomyopathy in Adulthood

Risk increased even at BMI considered normal; more than eightfold greater risk seen for BMI ≥35 kg/m²

Regulation of Intestinal Microbiota Beneficial for Anxiety

Six of seven studies using nonprobiotics as interventions were effective

AI Model Can Improve Accuracy of Lung Cancer Screening

In some situations, model outperformed radiologists with reductions in false positives, negatives

Guidance Updated for Sedation in Pediatric Dental Patients

Importance of having two individuals present during deep sedation and/or general anesthesia emphasized

Cancer Consultation Low in Noncurable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Likelihood of cancer-directed therapy higher for first consult with medical, radiation oncology versus surgery

Suboptimal BP, Fasting Glucose Tied to Atrioventricular Block

Two modifiable variables potentially explain more than half of all atrioventricular blocks

Antiplatelets Do Not Up Recurrence in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

In population with cerebral microbleeds, no increased risk seen for those starting antiplatelet therapy

First PI3K Inhibitor Approved for Metastatic, Advanced Breast Cancer

Piqray approved for HR-positive, HER2-negative, PIK3CA-mutated, metastatic or advanced breast cancer

FDA Approves First Gene Therapy for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Patients treated with Zolgensma have shown improvement in reaching developmental motor milestones

Meds for Weight Management Underutilized Among Veterans

Only 1 percent of veterans enrolled in weight management programs receive medications

Decreased Air Pollutants Linked to Less Childhood Asthma

Lower asthma incidence tied to decreases in NO2, PM2.5; no link found for ozone, PM10

Rate of Opioid Prescribing High for Teens, Young Adults in ED

From 2005 to 2015, rate of opioid prescribing was 14.9 percent in ED; rates highest for dental pain

Work Burnout, Gaming Addiction Classified as Diseases by WHO

Both conditions will be included in the 11th edition of the WHO International Classification of Diseases

T2DM Is Risk Factor for Liver Fibrosis Progression in NAFLD

In multivariate analysis, age, albumin concentration, T2DM independently tied to progression

American Psychiatric Association, May 18-22

The 172nd American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting The annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association was held from May 18 to 22 in San Francisco...

Migraines in Pregnancy Tied to Worse Outcomes for Mother, Baby

Poor outcomes seen in pregnancy for women and at birth, neonatal, and postnatal periods for infants

Statin Use With Colorectal Cancer Lowers Risk for Early Death

Taking statins before or after cancer diagnosis cuts all-cause and cancer-related deaths

Intracranial Hemorrhage Risk Up With Low-Dose Aspirin

Caution advised for low-dose aspirin in individuals without symptomatic cardiovascular disease

LDL Decreased With LDL-Apheresis in ACS Patients

Significant reduction seen in mean LDL among patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with PCI

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Linked to Cancer Diagnosis in Women

Increased odds ratios for cancer observed in different categories of OSA for women, not men

Specialized Programs in Clinical Cardiovascular Genetics Needed

New cardiovascular subspecialist, genetic cardiologist, needed to interpret genetic variation

Vertical Plating Offers Benefit for Mandibular Body Fractures

Vertical plating offers equal or greater resistance to torsional forces, tied to fewer postop complications

U.S. Incidence of Pediatric Thyroid Cancer on the Rise

More marked increases in incidence observed from 2006 to 2013 than from 1973 to 2006

Poor Glycemic Control Linked to Sarcopenia in T2DM

Correlation independent of major covariates including anthropometric factors and diabetes duration

Vision Loss May Up Cognitive Decline-Related Functional Limitations

More adults who report visual impairment have subjective cognitive decline-related functional limitations

Women’s Facial Moisturizers Cost More Per Ounce Than Men’s

Facial moisturizers marketed to women are more than $3 more per ounce, despite similar ingredients

Risk for Suicide Attempts in Children Doubles With Parental Opioid Use

Opioids may be contributing factor to time trend in adolescent suicidality, authors say

Postdischarge Fall-Related Injury a Top Readmission Diagnosis

FRI second-leading diagnosis for readmission with FRI and cognitive impairment at index admission

Digestive Disease Week, May 18-21

Digestive Disease Week 2019 The annual Digestive Disease Week, sponsored by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, American Gastroenterological Association, American Society...

U.S. Lawmakers Say WHO Opioid Guidelines Too Lax

Organization claims guidelines influenced by people with financial ties to Purdue Pharma

California Bill to Tighten Vaccine Exemptions Moves Forward

State public health officials would have the authority to decide which children qualify for medical exemptions

Severe Maternal Complication Risk Four Times Higher With Twins

Cesarean delivery accounts for one-fifth of the risk of severe acute maternal morbidity

High-Deductible Health Plans May Be Harmful for Patients With COPD

Individuals with HDHP more likely to report forgoing care due to costs, cost-related nonadherence

Decrease in PM2.5-Related U.S. Mortality From 2010 to 2017

During the same period, ozone-related mortality remained mainly unchanged

Most At-Risk Opt Out of Genetic Testing for Huntington Disease

Lack of cure, inability to 'undo knowledge' primary reasons for not going through with testing

Blood Donor Screening Data IDs Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Highest estimated prevalence of FH seen in young versus older donors, and in men versus women

Early cART Leads to Enhanced T Cell Function in HIV Infection

Limiting acute viremia results in enhanced functionality of HIV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells

Medication Nonadherence Common in Patients With T2DM

Urine testing shows nonadherence highest for statins in patients with type 2 diabetes

Firearms Leading Cause of Death Among Young Adult Men

Findings in U.S., Mexico, Brazil, Colombia based on national vital statistics data from 1990 to 2015

Pediatricians Should Encourage Fish Consumption for Children

Fish have favorable nutrient profile versus other animal proteins; for most types, benefits outweigh risks

Classification System Developed for Cardiogenic Shock

System describes stages of cardiogenic shock from A, classified as at-risk, to E, representing extremis

Most Patients at High Risk of Opiate Overdose Do Not Receive Naloxone Rx

Only 1.5 percent of high-risk patients are prescribed naloxone upon ED or inpatient discharge

Volume Overload Present in Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis

Men and those with diabetes have higher risk of volume overload; overload linked to mortality

Suboptimal Diet Accounted for >80,000 Cancer Cases in 2015

Low intake of whole grains, dairy products, high intake of processed meats account for highest burden

CDC: Cancer Death Rates Decreased, Heart Disease Deaths Rose

Cancer death rates decreased from 1999 to 2017; heart disease deaths dropped to 2011 and then increased

CDC: Seniors Use Various Strategies to Reduce Rx Costs

Overall, 4.8 percent have not taken meds as prescribed; 17.7 percent have asked for lower-cost medication

Half-Price Version of Humalog Insulin Now Available

Eli Lilly's generic version being sold under the chemical name insulin lispro

Treatment Rates Low for Parents With Opioid Use Disorder

Many parents with opioid, substance use disorder are living with children; treatment rates are low

Some Women With HIV Struggling to Achieve Viral Suppression

Overall, 71.2 percent have viral suppression, including 35.2 percent of those with high probability of viremia

Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Gestational Diabetes Risk

Association even stronger for women persistently deficient through the second trimester

Weight Loss Tied to Adverse Outcomes in Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant

Weight loss before transplantation associated with increased hospitalization LOS, graft loss, mortality

Depression, PTSD Linked to More Participation in Cardiac Rehab

Participation in cardiac rehabilitation up for patients with ischemic heart disease, comorbid conditions

Targeted Laser Surgery Treats Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Engel I outcomes more likely with ablations targeting specific lobe structures

Bystander Resuscitation Attempted Less Often for Women in Cardiac Arrest

Women have half the chance of initial shockable rhythm, chances of survival to discharge compared with men

Adverse Liver Outcomes Up With Diagnosis of NAFLD/NASH

Baseline diagnosis of diabetes independent predictor of advanced liver disease diagnosis

Women With COPD Have Worse QoL, Increased Symptom Burden

Women are more likely to be symptomatic, have greater odds of frequent, severe acute exacerbations

Closed ICU Model May Reduce Hospital-Acquired Infections

Decline seen in CLABSI, CAUTI, VAP rates; no change in C. diff infection, MRSA blood infection rates

Incidence of Parkinson Disease Increased in Bipolar Disorder

High frequency of psychiatric admissions for manic/mix, depressive episodes linked to increased risk for PD

Poor Broadband Penetration in Rural Areas Limits Telemedicine

Broadband penetration poor in counties with inadequate access to primary care doctors, psychiatrists

Homemade Sunscreen Recipes Commonly Shared, Offer Low Protection

Interest in natural products includes homemade sunscreen, which offers insufficient sun protection

Favorable Trends Seen in Lipids, Apolipoprotein B in U.S. Youth

Adjusted mean total cholesterol level decreased from 1999-2000 to 2015-2016 in youth aged 6 to 19 years

Four Clinical Phenotypes Identified for Sepsis

Phenotype distributions similar in derivation, validation cohorts; highest mortality for γ phenotype

Bill Would Raise U.S. Legal Age to Buy Tobacco to 21

Fourteen states have already enacted laws raising the minimum age for tobacco sales to 21

Non-Rx Fentanyl Up in Urine Tests Positive for Other Drugs

Significant increases seen in urine drug tests positive for cocaine and methamphetamine

Rates of Depression Up in U.S. Women at Hospital to Give Birth

U.S. rate of depressive disorders recorded during delivery hospitalization increased from 2000 to 2015

Fracture Risk Tool Useful for Women on Aromatase Inhibitors

Findings question considering aromatase inhibitors a 'secondary cause of osteoporosis'

Clinical Drug Diversion Costly to Health Care Organizations

Report finds 47.2 million doses lost due to health care worker misuse and theft in 2018

Gender Gap in U.S. Youth Suicide Narrowed From 1975 to 2016

Suicide prevention efforts should take both sex and developmental level into consideration

Higher Consumption of Sugary Drinks May Up Mortality in Adults

Findings include both sugar-sweetened beverages and 100 percent fruit juices

Dupilumab Cuts Exacerbations in Late-Onset Asthma

Lung function improved at weeks 12 and 52 in patients with, without fixed airway obstruction

Octogenarians With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Have Poor Survival

Overall survival 1.5 months; survival improved for those receiving chemotherapy

Regular Puzzle Use May Improve Cognition in Older Adults

Performance on 14 measures of cognitive function better for those doing word or number puzzles

Weight Gain, Loss in Seniors May Increase Risk for Dementia

Significant correlation observed between late-life BMI changes and dementia risk in both sexes

Early Neuromuscular Blockade No Better in ARDS Patients on Vent

Mortality similar for those receiving continuous infusion of cisatracurium, lighter sedation targets

Racial Disparity Seen in Prescriptions for Buprenorphine

Office visits for drug to treat opioid use disorder most commonly self-pay or private insurance

Readmission Rates Vary Little Among Primary Care Doctors

One of 4,230 PCPs had readmission rate that was significantly above the mean

Postoperative Infection Rate Similar Across Biologics in RA

Glucocorticoid use ups risk for hospitalized infection, prosthetic joint infection after arthroplasty

Statin Use Reduces Dementia Risk After Concussion in Seniors

Patients receiving a statin have reduced risk for dementia, independent of cardiovascular meds use

Mometasone, Tiotropium Do Not Top Placebo in Mild Asthma

And budesonide-formoterol superior to albuterol for prevention of asthma exacerbations

Medicaid Expansion Cuts Racial Disparities in Preterm Births

Overall rates of low birth weight unchanged, but reduction seen in disparities for black infants

One-Third of Patients on Statins Do Not Reach Target Thresholds

Not reaching thresholds places patients at increased risk for cardiovascular events

Hormone Therapy in Transgender Women Ups Breast Cancer Risk

Transgender people on hormones, cisgender people should follow same breast cancer screening guidelines

Millennial Parents Found More Likely to Drive Distracted

Parents born between 1981 and 1996 more likely to read text messages while driving with children in the car

DDW: Ingested Button Battery Can Cause Gastric Injury

Eighty-six percent of pediatric patients with BB ingestion had visual evidence of mucosal damage

Cancer Screening Less Likely Among Current Smokers

Findings based on guideline-based screening for breast, prostate, colorectal cancer

3 Percent of Infant Sleep-Related Deaths Occur in Sitting Devices

Less than 10 percent of deaths occur in properly used car seats during travel

Access to Care Worse for Sexual-Minority Cancer Survivors

Sexual-minority women with access deficits have increased odds of poor physical, mental quality of life