Generic Version of Truvada Available in U.S. by Sept. 2020

Activists have been urging Gilead to make the generic drug more widely available

Longer Duration of Statin Use Linked to Lower Risk for Glaucoma

Self-reported high cholesterol levels without statin use tied to higher glaucoma risk

Mammo-Based Deep Learning Model Assesses Breast Cancer Risk

Deep learning models more accurate than models that use traditional risk factors, breast density

Progesterone Offers No Benefit for Bleeding in Early Pregnancy

Progesterone administered in first trimester does not result in significantly more live births

Alteplase Seems Beneficial at 4.5 to 9.0 Hours After Stroke

Trial terminated because of loss of equipoise after publication of positive results from previous trial

NHFOV Superior for Preventing Reintubation of Preemies

Findings strongest among very preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome ready for extubation

Low Glucose Levels at Hospital Discharge Tied to Poor Outcomes

Patients with diabetes and hypoglycemia have higher readmission rate, postdischarge mortality

Patent Foramen Ovale Ups Ischemic Stroke in Those With PE

Frequency of ischemic stroke increased in association with patent foramen ovale in symptomatic PE

Alcohol Consumption Per Capita Increasing Among Adults

By 2030, prevalence of current drinking set to increase to 50 percent

Neonatal Morbidity Increased for Apgar Scores 7, 8, and 9

Odds of neonatal morbidity increase with drop in Apgar score from 10 at 5 minutes to 9 at 10 minutes

In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 Percent of U.S. Population Used Rx Drugs

Prescription drug use increased with age, reaching 85.0 percent for those aged 60 years and older

Preablation Bariatric Surgery Linked to Reduced A-Fib Recurrence

Bariatric surgery was only independent predictor of arrhythmia-free survival in multivariate analysis

Less Invasive Mastectomy an Option for More Patients

Higher-risk patients may now be eligible for nipple-sparing mastectomy

American Urological Association, May 3-6

The American Urological Association 2019 Annual Meeting The annual meeting of the American Urological Association was held from May 3 to 6 in Chicago and...

Scientology Cruise Ship Passengers, Crew Still Under Quarantine

Affected crew member, who was immediately isolated after showing symptoms, has since recovered

Prices Will Soon Be Included in TV Drug Ads

Regulations will require companies to disclose prices of meds costing more than $35 for a month's supply

Percutaneous Ablation in Liver Cancer Tied to Better Outcomes

Intervention linked to better short-term outcomes versus surgical procedures

Test Predicts Benefit of Chemo in ER+, HER2− Breast Cancer

EndoPredict, a multigene test, helps predict whether adjuvant chemotherapy would be beneficial

CDC: Prevalence of Arthritis 22.8 Percent in U.S. Adults in 2017

Adults with arthritis in southeastern states have highest prevalence of severe joint pain, physical inactivity

New Lesions ID’d on Breast MRI During Treatment Likely Benign

New suspicious lesions detected on breast MRI during neoadjuvant therapy are more likely benign

Combat Application Tourniquet Suitable for Use in Children

CAT successfully occluded arterial blood flow in all upper extremities, 93 percent of lower extremities

External Reference Pricing Could Cut Drug Costs in U.S.

Prices averaged 3.2 to 4.1 times higher in U.S.; differential varied from 1.3 to 70.1 for individual drugs

Efforts Needed to Ensure Publication of All Trials

67 trials ID'd that were unreported for median of nine years after completion, with 87,883 participants

Disability Often Precedes Rheumatoid Arthritis Diagnosis

Functional disability continues even after diagnosis and treatment

Arsenic Exposure Linked to Changes in Heart Structure

Arsenic in drinking water linked to LV hypertrophy, especially for prehypertensive, hypertensive

Recommendations Issued for Treating Tourette Syndrome

Guidelines based on systematic review, focus on individualized treatment decisions

Gentamicin Appropriate Second-Line Therapy to Ceftriaxone for Gonorrhea

Two weeks after treatment, infection cleared for 98, 91 percent treated with ceftriaxone versus gentamicin

Radiology Residents Often Miss Child Abuse

Variation in correct call rate from 1 to 81 percent per year during 2014 to 2018

Burden of Heart Failure-Related CVD Mortality Higher in Blacks

Burden significantly higher among young and middle-aged black versus white men and women

Oral Aspirin Does Not Up FIT Test Sensitivity for ID’ing CRC

Sensitivity not significantly increased in aspirin versus placebo group at two cutoffs

CDC: Pregnancy-Related Deaths Occur Before, During, Postpartum

60 percent of pregnancy-related deaths determined to be preventable, with multiple contributory factors

FDA Approves Ruzurgi for Children With Rare Autoimmune Disorder

Ruzurgi previously approved for treatment in adults with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome

Plant-Based Diets Tied to Lower Risk for Heart Failure

Southern dietary pattern of more fried food and sweetened beverages tied to higher risk

In Men, Low BMI Tied to Later Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Risk lasts through 40 years of adulthood for underweight adolescent men

AUA: Marijuana Tied to Increased Risk for LUTS Medications in BPH

Marijuana use also linked to worse overall semen parameters due to induction of oxidative stress

Clinicians Believe Link Between Breast Pain, Cancer Is Weak

But many order imaging to exclude malignancy or for reassurance only

Positive Emotion Intervention Cuts Caregiver Stress

Focus on positive emotions reduces caregiver anxiety and depression after six weeks

U.S. Energy Drink Consumption Rose From 2003 to 2016

Energy drinks accounted for majority of total daily caffeine among consumers

Children With Chronic Illness Can Have Normal Life Satisfaction

Parent-reported health lower, but life satisfaction comparable to that of peers without chronic illness

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Tied to Lower Risk for Lung Cancer, CRC

For those diagnosed with lung cancer, CRC, higher CRF tied to lower risk for subsequent death

Oral Contraceptive Pill May Protect Against ACL Tears

Risk for acute cruciate ligament reconstruction reduced while on OCP, especially for 15- to 19-year-olds

Guidance Issued for Managing Heart Disease in Pregnancy

Race/ethnicity, age, hypertension, obesity are key risk factors for CVD-related maternal mortality

Guidelines Address Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Management

Recommendations apply to uveitis in JIA, JIA manifesting as nonsystematic polyarthritis, sacroiliitis, enthesitis

Maximal Use of Sunscreen Ups Absorption of Active Ingredients

Maximal use leads to plasma concentrations exceeding FDA threshold for waiving toxicology testing

CDC: Number of Measles Cases in the United States Reaches 764

So far this year, 23 states have reported measles cases

FDA: French Soft Ripened Cheese Possibly Contaminated

Agency warns of potential Listeria monocytogenes contamination of l'Explorateur cheese

Congo Ebola Outbreak Death Toll Surpasses 1,000

International aid organizations halting their work due to deteriorating security conditions

FDA Approves Treatments for Heart Failure Caused by Rare Disease

Capsules approved to treat cardiomyopathy caused by transthyretin mediated amyloidosis

Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders Reliable in Toddler Years

Diagnostic stability was 0.50 at 12 to 13 months, increased to 0.79 and 0.83 by 14 and 16 months

Implementing Surgical Safety Checklist Reduces Mortality

Findings based on long-term evaluation of surgical mortality in Scotland

CDC: Foodborne Infections Increased From 2015 to 2018

Incidence of most infections increasing, including those due to Campylobacter, Salmonella

Model Predicts Progression Risk for Rare Type of Lymphoma

Model can improve monitoring of patients with asymptomatic Waldenström macroglobulinemia

Vascular Surgery for Gun Injuries Carries Higher Mortality Risk

Vascular surgery required to repair major blood vessels in one of 10 hospitalized with a firearm injury

Prolonged Exposure to Low-Dose Radiation May Increase HTN Risk

Significant linear association seen for hypertension and liver-absorbed dose from external γ-rays

More Than Half of U.S. Adults Have Medical Financial Hardship

Hardship in material, psychological, behavioral domains more likely for those age 18 to 64 versus ≥65

Impact of Azithromycin Studied in Acute Exacerbation of COPD

Azithromycin leads to significant drops in treatment intensification and step-up in hospital care

ART Stops HIV Transmission in Serodifferent Gay Couples

Zero rate of HIV transmission seen through condomless sex when viral load is suppressed

Serum Free Fatty Acid Level Verifies Fasting State in Children

Free fatty acid level consistent with nonfasting in 9.7 percent of outpatients and 1.6 percent of inpatients

Lifetime Risk for Brain Mets Up in Elderly With Three Common Cancers

Highest incidence seen for patients with non-small cell lung cancer and triple-negative breast cancer

Primary Care Constitutes Minority of Research Funded by PCORI

Both the number of studies and percentage of funding for primary care low

Microbial Toxins Found in Electronic Cigarette Products

Endotoxin and glucan concentrations seen in cartridge and e-liquid samples

AUA: Atenolol Linked to Drop in Low-, Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

After adjustment for confounders, atenolol displayed significant protective effect on prostate cancer

Observation Feasible Strategy for Some Eyes With Diabetic Macular Edema

In eyes with good visual acuity, no difference in vision loss found two years after initial treatment

Cardio-Oncology Services Growing in Number and Demand

Need for subspecialists increased due to more cancer survivors, aging population

Patients Satisfied With Oral Sedation for Cataract Surgery

Oral sedation found to be noninferior to IV sedation in terms of patient satisfaction

Cervical Adenocarcinoma Rates Increased in Some Populations

Increasing and stabilizing incidence trends seen for several subpopulations; declines attenuated in SCC

Abdominal Etching Procedure Gives Patients ‘Six-Pack Abs’

Power-assisted liposuction can be used to sculpt the abdomen in both men and women

Childhood Oral Infection Linked to Atherosclerosis in Adulthood

Periodontal disease, caries, or both tied to subclinical atherosclerosis in adulthood

Few U.S. Adults Use USB-Shaped Electronic Vapor Products

7.9 percent report ever use of USB-shaped EVPs in 2018; nicotine delivery, friend/family use drive use

Out-of-Pocket Costs for Neurologic Meds Have Increased

Fastest rise in monthly out-of-pocket expenses was seen for multiple sclerosis medications

Psoriasis Symptoms, Quality of Life Tied to Disease Severity

Findings show alignment of patient-reported symptoms, clinician assessment tools

Preterm Birth Tied to Elevated Risk for Chronic Kidney Disease

Strongest correlation seen at ages 0 to 9 years; risk still increased at 10 to 19, 20 to 43 years

Prepregnancy Folate Intake Linked to Reduced Risk for GDM

Folate intake before pregnancy tied to 22 percent reduction in developing gestational diabetes

New Drugs May Influence Social Behaviors in Those With Autism

Drugs modulating the vasopressin pathway explored as agents to modify social behaviors in autism

ASTRO: Prior Authorization Obstacles Delaying Treatment

Almost all radiation oncologists report their patients are delayed from receiving life-saving treatment

Cocaine-, Psychostimulant-Involved Death Rates Increasing

Synthetic opioids driving increases in cocaine-involved deaths, less so in psychostimulant-involved deaths

FDA Approves Dengue Vaccine for Endemic Regions

Vaccine indicated for individuals aged 9 to 16 who have previously had laboratory-confirmed dengue disease

Measles Case Leads to Quarantine of Cruise Ship in St. Lucia

Also, woman with measles attended a midnight screening of Avengers movie in Orange County, California

FDA: Breast Implants Linked to Cancer Can Still Be Sold in U.S.

Agency considering new patient warnings and checklists for the implants

April 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for April 2019. This roundup includes the...

FDA Puts Tough Warning Label on Ambien, Lunesta, Other Sleep Aids

Move spurred by 66 cases of 'complex sleep behaviors' after taking the insomnia medications

April 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Cognitive Function Does Not Predict Pediatric Bariatric Surgery Outcome

Weight loss trajectory did not differ between those with, without cognitive impairment

April 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Patient Hand Contamination With Drug-Resistant Organisms Common

Link seen between patient hand contamination with resistant organisms and room surface contamination

April 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Medicaid Reimbursement for Breast Radiation Varies by State

Across 48 states and D.C., total episode reimbursement varied from $2,945 to $15,218

April 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for April 2019. This roundup includes...

April 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Mental Health Treatment, Diagnoses Up in Military Children

Mental health diagnoses, visits, prescriptions increased since 2003

April 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for April 2019. This roundup includes the...

April 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for April 2019. This roundup includes the...

Thiazide Use May Lower Fracture Risk in Patients With Alzheimer Disease

Longer thiazide use tied to decreased risk for low-energy fractures, hip fractures in Alzheimer disease

April 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for April 2019. This roundup includes the...

E-Cigarette Use Similar for Pregnant, Nonpregnant Women

Prevalence of current cigarette smoking lower among pregnant women than nonpregnant women

April 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for April 2019. This roundup includes...

April 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for April 2019. This roundup includes the...

Diagnostic Criteria Proposed for Advanced-Age Proteinopathy

Gaps remain in understanding of limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy

April 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for April 2019. This roundup includes the...

April 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Radical Hemithoracic Radiation Tx Ups Survival in Mesothelioma

Higher overall survival seen at two years in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma

April 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

AAN: Cannabidiol Tied to Drop in Seizures in Dravet Syndrome

Percentage reduction in convulsive seizures higher for cannabidiol 10 and 20 mg/kg/day versus placebo

April 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

FDA Approves Mavyret for Children, Adolescents With Hep C

Drug approved for treatment of all six genotypes of hepatitis C virus in children ages 12 to 17

April 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for April 2019. This roundup...

April 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Radiotherapy Tied to Lower Recurrence of Early, Hormone-Driven Breast Cancer

Antihormone treatment also recommended in conjunction with radiotherapy

April 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for April 2019. This roundup includes...

April 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Living Alone Tied to Increased Risk for Mental Disorders

Loneliness explains majority of the association with common mental disorders

April 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for April 2019. This roundup includes the...

‘Vampire Facials’ at New Mexico Spa Linked to HIV Infections

Facial involves injecting nutrient-rich plasma into the face using a microneedling pen

April 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

April 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

EPA Says Weed Killer in Roundup Is Safe

EPA states that glyphosate 'is not likely to be carcinogenic to humans'

Rare Variants Identified in DENND1A Gene in PCOS

Variants are associated with reproductive and metabolic traits in PCOS families

CDC: 704 Measles Cases Reported in U.S. Through April 26, 2019

Thirteen outbreaks were reported; six of these were linked to underimmunized close-knit communities

2009 WIC Food Package Change Tied to Reduced Obesity Risk

Children with full dose of new food package had healthier growth trajectory, lower obesity risk at age 4

Adopted Children Should Undergo Comprehensive Health Evaluation

Evaluation should include medical history review, complete physical examination, diagnostic testing

Work Stress, Impaired Sleep Tied to CVD Risk in Workers With HTN

Highest risk for cardiovascular disease mortality seen for those with work stress and impaired sleep

Patients Find Video Primary Care Visits Convenient

Eighty-four percent of patients report improved patient-provider relationship with video visits

Targeted Therapy Promising for Rare Hematologic Cancer

Tagraxofusp seems effective for treating blastic plasmacytoid dendritic-cell neoplasm

Maternal Comorbidity Higher for Women With Congenital Heart Defects

Higher risk seen for comorbidities, adverse delivery events in pregnant women with congenital heart defects

Combo Nicotine Replacement Tx Ups Success in Quitting Smoking

Higher doses of nicotine gum and patches also may increase quit rate

Nonpharmacologic Tx Enhances Care of Opioid-Exposed Newborns

Reduction seen in length of hospital stay and in use of medication to treat neonatal abstinence

Confidence in Inhaler Technique Poor Proxy for Correct Use

Findings seen among children and parents of African-American children with asthma

Postchemo Radiation Tx May Benefit Some With Hodgkin Lymphoma

Survival benefit seen for radiotherapy after ABVD regimen, but difference not statistically significant

Coronary Vessel Wall Thickness Surrogate for CAD in Women

Coronary VWT is primary independent surrogate of CAD in women; age is strongest risk factor in men

Texting Program May Improve Schizophrenia Outcomes

Significant improvement in medication adherence and reductions in relapse, rehospitalization observed

Poll: Americans Among Most Stressed People in the World

Younger and poorer Americans driving new highs for reports of stress, worry, anger

Liraglutide Added to Metformin Effective for Type 2 Diabetes

Trial shows superiority of liraglutide with respect to glycemic control in children, adolescents

Single-Dose Brachytherapy Effective for Prostate Cancer

Two-year and three-year biochemical progression-free survival rate of 100 percent for low-risk disease

FDA Approves Device That Allows for Reassessment of Lung Transplant Suitability

With Xvivo Perfusion System, surgeons can reassess lungs originally considered unsuitable for transplant

Healthy Diet Tied to Lower Odds of Physical Impairment in Men

Findings seen for higher intake of vegetables, nuts, legumes, and lower intake of meat, sugary drinks

Events for Living Kidney Donors Mainly Occur After Two Years

Overall, 90.2 percent of the events that took place two or more years after donation were nonsurgical

Transition Support Program May Aid Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes

However, benefits were not sustained 12 months after completion of the intervention

EHR Decision Support Can Reduce Inappropriate GI Testing

Restricting orders cut inappropriate GIPP tests from 21.5 to 4.9 percent for inpatients with diarrhea

No Increase in Complications Seen With Abdominoplasty in Obese

Rates of perioperative complications no higher in obese than nonobese patients

Intensive Blood Pressure Therapy Aids Patients With T2DM

Overall death from any cause reduced, regardless of cardiovascular risk

Ambiguous Genitalia in Newborns Not Uncommon

Ratio of prematurity, small for gestational age higher in newborns with disorders of sex development

Most Pediatric Residents Report Caring for Gun Injuries

Almost all residents agree pediatricians should ask about guns in the home, ask parents to lock guns

12 Percent of Caregivers Have Pediatric Flu Vaccine Hesitancy

Most hold inaccurate beliefs about flu, flu shots, including believing child will be protected with one shot

FDA Approves First Treatment for Pediatric Lupus

Approval based on study showing children who received Benlysta plus standard therapy had lower risk for flare

Prevalence of Workplace Health Promotion Programs Low

Proportion of programs increased from 2004 to 2017, but only 17.1 percent had comprehensive programs in 2017

Poor Olfaction Tied to Elevated Long-Term Mortality in Seniors

Correlation evident for those who reported excellent-to-good health at baseline, not fair-to-poor health

Significant Number of Referred Patients Misdiagnosed With MS

At MS referral centers, almost one in five new patients have been incorrectly diagnosed with the disease

Longer Duration of Antibiotic Use Tied to Risk for CVD in Women

Risk for cardiovascular disease increased for women in middle, late adulthood with longer antibiotic use

CDC: First Confirmed ID of ‘Kissing Bug’ in Delaware

Triatoma sanguisuga insect can transmit parasite that causes Chagas disease

Hundreds Quarantined for Measles at Two Los Angeles Universities

Alert comes just days after a measles outbreak was declared in Los Angeles County

Telerehabilitation Aids Function, Pain With Advanced Cancer

But the addition of pharmacological pain management did not offer further benefit

Gender Differences Seen in Adverse Drug Reactions

Differences found in reaction symptoms and types of drugs tied to adverse reactions

Swapping Red Meat for Plant-Based Proteins May Cut CVD Risk

Switching to plant proteins rather than fish, carbs leads to bigger improvements in lipids, lipoproteins

Dapagliflozin Improves Glucose Outcomes in Type 1 Diabetes

Benefits observed without increase in time spent in hypoglycemic range

Children With ADHD May Have Higher Risk for Poor Diet

However, having a poor diet does not seem to contribute to ADHD symptom development

Many With Chronic Pain Achieve Remission From Suicidality

Having a confidant boosts likelihood of remission, while poverty decreases recovery likelihood

U.K. Study IDs Risk Factors Tied to Knee Replacement Revision

Findings point to modifiable, nonmodifiable factors associated with revision due to joint infection

CKD Risk Lower for Those Following Healthy Plant-Based Diet

Slower eGFR decline seen in association with greater adherence to overall and healthy plant-based diets

Peanut Oral Immunotherapy May Up Allergic Reaction Risk

Increase seen in anaphylaxis risk, anaphylaxis frequency, epinephrine use with oral immunotherapy

Improvement Needed in Doctor-Patient Lung Cancer Screening Discussions

Crude estimated rates of physician-patient discussion dropped from 6.7 to 4.3 percent in 2012 to 2017

Psychostimulant Use Pervasive in Young Adults’ Fatal Strokes

In cases of hemorrhagic stroke among young adults, psychostimulant use should be considered

Minor Birth Defects Up in Progeny of Female Gulf War Veterans

Higher prevalence seen for minor birth defects, including eye and musculoskeletal anomalies

New App Aids Surgeons in Predicting Hernias After Abdominal Surgery

Real-time risk score predicts incisional hernias following abdominal surgery

CDC: Drinking Alcohol Not Uncommon Among Pregnant Women

Among pregnant women who report consuming alcohol, one-third report binge drinking

WHO: No More Than One Hour of Screen Time a Day for Young Children

WHO guidelines similar to recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics

FDA Announces New Steps to Reduce Risks Tied to Surgical Staplers

Agency proposing higher classification of surgical staplers that will require premarket notification clearance

Naproxen Sodium Does Not Slow Presymptomatic Alzheimer Disease

Study shows increased frequency of adverse events but little impact on rate of change in APS

Interdisciplinary Care Pathway Helps Manage Frail, Elderly Trauma Patients

Significant decreases seen in delirium, 30-day readmission, but not complications

Peanut Oral Immunotherapy Appears Safe for Preschool-Age Children

Most children reached maintenance; 0.4 percent had severe adverse reaction

Eating Breakfast Tied to Lower Risk for Death From CVD

Mortality risk related to cardiovascular disease 87 percent higher among those who never eat breakfast

Stroke Patients Infrequently Screened, Treated for Bone Loss

5.1 percent of patients with stroke, 2.9 percent of those without prior testing had bone mineral density test

Emergency Medical Diseases Account for About Half of Mortality

31 emergency medical diseases contribute 50.7 percent of global mortality in 195 countries

Machine Learning Can Speed Diagnosis of Genetic Diseases in Children

Automated, retrospective diagnoses concurred well with expert manual interpretation

Six Prognostic Factors ID’d for Invasive Disease After DCIS

Six significant factors include African-American race, premenopausal status, detection by palpation

U.S. Death Rate From Drug Poisoning Up for Teens, Young Adults

Significant increases seen in rates for whites, Asian/Pacific Islanders, blacks; in Midwest and Northeast

CDC: Number of U.S. Measles Cases Reaches New High

The number -- 695 cases -- is the highest since the disease was declared eliminated in 2000

Over Half of Seniors Initiating Dialysis Die Within One Year

Higher one-year mortality tied to activity-of-daily-living dependence, age ≥85, at least four comorbidities

Many Seniors Will Be Unable to Afford Care They Need by 2029

Many middle-income seniors are projected to need level of care provided in senior housing

Nusinersen Promising for Later-Onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Phase 1/2 studies reveal long-term improvement in motor function for children with SMA type II and III

1998 to 2015 Saw Increase in Outpatient Depression Treatment

Proportion using psychotherapy decreased; proportion receiving drugs remained stable

CDC Provides Clarification of Opioid Prescribing Guideline

Misapplication of the guideline can put patient health and safety at risk

New York City Measles Cases Increase to 390

Two of the patients have been pregnant women

Risk-Based Screening Improves Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Benefits seen for prevention of major cardiovascular events, higher quality-adjusted life years

Sleeping Pill Use Tied to Greater Need for BP Meds in Older Adults

But no association observed between sleep duration or quality and change in BP drug use

AAP Updates Guidance for Care in Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Report describes criteria for diagnosis, role of genetic testing, possible health manifestations

Sucking Ice Chips Cuts Oral Side Effects of Oxaliplatin Chemo

Benefits include less trouble eating and fewer symptom-related negative effects on quality of life

Risk Factors ID’d for Rheumatoid Arthritis Complications

Disease duration and socioeconomic factors tied to likelihood of hospitalizations and infections

PCI Beneficial for All Categories of Older AMI Patients

PCI linked to improved survival versus medical therapy for young-old, middle-old, and old-old patients

Low Socioeconomic Position Linked to Poor End-of-Life Care

People living in most deprived neighborhoods more likely to die in hospital, not receive palliative care

Some Children With Asthma Miss Critical Step in Inhaler Use

More children miss a critical step when using spacer with mouthpiece versus spacer with mask