Patient Behaviors Identified That Impact Weight Regain After RYGB

Independent links for sedentary time, eating fast food, eating when feeling full, eating continuously

Depressive Symptoms May Up Risk for Death in HIV+ Veterans

However, depression linked to higher risk for death in HIV-uninfected, but not HIV-infected, U.S. veterans

Topical Corticosteroids Associated With Higher Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Dose-response relationship observed in large European cohort

CDC: Prevalence of COPD High Among Some Nonsmokers

High prevalence observed in certain industries and occupations, including information industry

Histologic Clearance of CIN2/3 Seen With HPV Therapeutic Vaccine

In phase II trial, rate of complete resolution of CIN2/3 significantly higher for vaccine versus placebo group

Ibrance Approval Expanded to Include Men With Breast Cancer

Kinase inhibitor approved in combination with endocrine therapy for male patients with breast cancer

October May Be Best Time for Older Adults to Receive Flu Shot

Waning protection with early vaccine must be balanced with fewer vaccinated with compressed schedule, early peak

Racial Disparities Persist in Revascularization for CHD

Rates of revascularization lower for black women with acute coronary syndrome, coronary heart disease

Older Patients With Vision Loss Have Higher Hospital Use, Costs

Similar findings seen among patients with commercial insurance

CDC: Violence Against Seniors on Rise, Especially Among Men

Nonfatal assault rate increased 75.4 percent among men from 2002 to 2016

FDA: High Levels of Heavy Metals Found in Kratom Products

Products contain levels of lead and nickel at concentrations that exceed safe daily intake

FDA Issues Warning on E-Cigarette Liquids Resembling Cough Syrup

Products have labeling, advertising that imitate prescription cough syrup products

Computer Model Predicts Risk for Ventricular Arrhythmia in ARVC

Clinical benefit of model was superior to current consensus-based ICD placement algorithm

Patient-Report Instrument Helps Identify ADEs in Older Adults

With accuracy of 75 percent, tool differentiates between symptoms of adverse drug events, chronic disease

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Key to Survival in Pancreatic Cancer

Three factors independently linked to prolonged survival in BR/LA pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

11 Million Deaths Attributable to Poor Diet in 2017

Leading dietary risk factors for deaths, DALYs include high sodium intake, low intake of whole grains

Most Osteoporosis Guidelines Do Not Discuss Patient Choices

When patient beliefs, values, preferences are cited, they are not usually supported by evidence

Short Sleep Duration, Not OSA, Linked to Daytime Sleepiness

Obstructive sleep apnea, but not SSD, is linked to obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia

Odds of Hay Fever Up With Very Early, Late Spring Onset

Odds of hay fever increased for start of season more than three weeks before or after normal onset

Adherence to Prenatal Screening Recommendations Varies by Lab

Laboratories vary in the extent to which they meet ACMG position statement recommendations

Early Hospital Intervention for Diabetes Improves Outcomes

Early identification and management decreases hyperglycemia, hospital-acquired infections

Drop Seen in Preinvasive Cervical Disease With HPV Vaccination

Vaccine effectiveness increased for immunization at younger age

Readmission Risk Up With Shorter Stay at Nursing Facility

For patients with heart failure discharged to SNF then home, risk highest during first two days at home

State Texting-While-Driving Bans Cut Crash-Related ED Visits

Findings show laws curbing distracted driving are effective

Inferior Facial Coverage Observed With SPF Moisturizer

Application of SPF moisturizer significantly worse than sunscreen, especially around eyelid regions

For TAVR, Inverse Link Identified for Hospital Volume, Mortality

Higher 30-day mortality in lowest- versus highest-volume quartile of transfemoral TAVR procedures

Heart, Lungs From Hep C-Infected Donor Can Be Transplanted Safely

Transplant into patients without HCV infection feasible, with excellent function at six months

FDA Reports Cases of Seizures Among Young Vapers

Agency review revealed 35 reported cases of seizures following use of e-cigarettes since 2010

Population Mortality Affects Long-Term Follow-Up of AlloHCT

Substantial part of total nonrelapse mortality for older patients due to population mortality

Late Preterm Steroid Therapy Found to Be Cost-Effective

Compared with no tx, costs lower when high-risk women given betamethasone in late preterm period

Beta Interferon Tied to Lower Mortality in Relapsing-Onset MS

Increased survival seen with more than three years of beta interferon exposure but not lower exposure

Many ICU Workers Contaminated With Drug-Resistant Bacteria

Improper removal of protective equipment tied to higher risk for drug-resistant organism contamination

Computer Model Predicts Risk for Ventricular Arrythmia in ARVC

Clinical benefit of model was superior to current consensus-based ICD placement algorithm

Bariatric Embolization Feasible for Treatment of Severe Obesity

Bariatric embolization results in weight loss for up to 12 months, increase in quality of life

AACR: HPV Vax Low for Adults at High Risk for HIV Infection

Age, sex, sexual orientation differences in HPV vaccination rates were statistically significant

Almost Three-Quarters of Allergists Have Prescribed SLIT

Main barrier to sublingual immunotherapy is limitation of treating only one allergen

Racial Disparities Seen in Kidney Transplant for Highly Sensitized

Whites have advantage in transplant probability in calculated plasma reactive antibody categories 80 percent or higher

New Plan Limits Out-of-Pocket Costs for Insulin

Rising costs of insulin causing patients to ration their doses or even do without the drug

Minerals Not Linked to Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Women

Associations null when women with highest versus lowest intake in quintiles, deciles compared

AACR: Prostate Cancer Incidence Dropping, Stable in Most Countries

Decreases in mortality seen in 14 countries, stabilization in 54 of 71 countries

AACR: Surgery Tied to Improved Survival in HER2+ Breast Cancer

In addition to targeted medication, adjuvant therapy, surgery improves survival in stage IV disease

Amyloid PET Linked to Changes in Management for MCI, Dementia

Change in management between pre-, post-PET visits for 60.2 and 63.5 percent with MCI, dementia

U.S. Measles Cases Already Top Last Year’s Total

387 reported cases in 15 states as of March 28

Americans Borrowed $88 Billion in Past Year to Pay for Health Care

Many do not seek treatment for health issues due to cost or reduce spending to pay for health care

Over-the-Counter Meds Save Health Care System Money

OTC medicines lead to $146 billion in annual clinical and drug cost savings

Reduction in Autism Diagnoses Observed With DSM-5

Use of DSM-5 linked to reductions in diagnosis of ASD, DSM-IV-TR autistic disorder, Asperger

Best Practices Developed for Diagnosing, Managing MINOCA

Algorithm aims to improve diagnosis, management of MI in absence of coronary artery disease

Guidelines for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria Updated

Screening for, treating ASB not recommended for infants, children, functionally impaired seniors

Cesarean Delivery May Up Risk for Severe Maternal Morbidity

C-section linked to higher risk, especially among women aged 35 years or older

Guidelines Address PFO Closure for Secondary Stroke Prevention

Institutional requirements, multidisciplinary collaboration, quality measures addressed

AACR: Pembrolizumab Beneficial for Advanced Small Cell Lung Cancer

Antitumor activity promising; objective response rate 19.3 percent for patients with incurable, advanced SCLC

Dolutegravir Feasible for HIV Tx in Women of Childbearing Age

Risk for neural tube defects offset by fewer deaths among women, decreased sexual HIV transmission

One Hour of Activity/Week Helps Maintain Disability-Free Status

Findings seen among adults aged ≥49 years at elevated disability risk due to lower-extremity joint symptoms

Sex Hormone Levels May Impact Development of Asthma

Genetic evidence shows elevated SHBG levels may protect against asthma, mostly in females

March 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Liquid Meal Replacements Cut Cardiometabolic Risk Factors

Effects observed in overweight/obese patients with T2DM; certainty of evidence low to moderate

March 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for March 2019. This roundup...

March 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

AACR: Longer Survival With Gilteritinib in FLT3mut+ AML

Longer overall survival, better remission rates seen for patients receiving gilteritinib versus salvage chemo

March 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for March 2019. This roundup includes...

March 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Doctors Unclear on Legal Obligations in Caring for Patients With Disability

Doctors report having little formal training, have incorrect understanding of care for patients with disability

March 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

Awake Endoscopic Spinal Fusion Appears to Be Safe, Effective

Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion without general anesthesia is safe

March 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Discharge, Interhospital Transfer Varies With Insurance Status

Uninsured patients more likely to be discharged, transferred versus privately insured patients

March 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

FDA Approves Mavenclad for Treating Multiple Sclerosis

Treatment indicated for patients with relapsing-remitting, active secondary progressive MS

March 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Nasopharyngeal Microbiota Could Help Diagnose Pediatric LRTIs

Research suggests nasopharyngeal microbiota can be valid proxy for lower respiratory tract microbiota

March 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Increasing Dose for Total Body Irradiation Cuts Graft Failure

Findings seen in patients with severe hemoglobinopathies receiving haploidentical bone marrow transplantation

March 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Cannabis Products Used Differ for Cancer, Noncancer Patients

Cancer patients more likely to use sublingual tincture form; noncancer patients often use vaporization form

March 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for March 2019. This roundup includes...

March 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Undiagnosed Gestational Diabetes Ups Risk for Stillbirth

Women at risk for GDM who are screened, those diagnosed with GDM not at increased risk

March 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

March 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

Meta-Analysis Links Shift Work to Risk for Ischemic Heart Disease

Positive dose-response relationship ID'd between risk for IHD, increasing duration of shift work

March 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

Changes to WIC Food Program Tied to Reversal in Obesity Trends

Trend of increasing obesity among 2- to 4-year-olds was reversed after 2009 changes

March 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for March 2019. This roundup includes...

March 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

Rates of CPR Before EMS Arrival Increased From 2000 to 2017

Compression-only, standard CPR have increased, linked to doubled survival rates versus no CPR

March 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

March 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Vitamins, Carotenoids Associated With Lower Risk for Cataract

However, strongest evidence comes from cohort studies, not randomized controlled trials

March 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

AACR: High BMI Before 50 Raising Pancreatic Cancer Mortality

Twenty-eight percent of pancreatic cancer deaths due to higher BMI in those born in 1970 to 1974

Long-Term Phentermine Use Safe, Effective for Weight Loss

No difference in cardiovascular disease, death seen between those taking the drug for >12 versus ≤3 months

CDC: 2017 to 2018 Saw Increase in Enterovirus D68 Detection

EV-D68 detected in 13.9 percent of patients with acute respiratory illness in 2018

Therapeutic Ball Pits Found to Harbor Pathogenic Germs

Ball pits show wide variability in microbial colonization of infection-causing microorganisms

Patients With Worse RA Symptoms More Likely to Cut Alcohol Intake

No evidence found that alcohol use has beneficial effect in rheumatoid arthritis patients

High Prenatal Omega-6:Omega-3 Ratio Linked to ADHD at Age 7

Higher prenatal n-6:n-3 ratio in cord plasma linked to a higher ADHD score at age 7 years, but not at age 4

Perception of E-Cigarettes as More Harmful Than Cigarettes Increased

Increase observed in proportion who see e-cigarettes to be as harmful as, more harmful than cigarettes

Questions Remain About Safety of Parkinson Disease Psychosis Drug

Federal government has received high number of reports about deaths among patients taking Nuplazid

Simple Rapid Urine Test Can Help Diagnose Preeclampsia

Test outperforms other proposed diagnostic markers, with 86.7 percent accuracy

Recommendations Presented on Genetic Testing in Psychiatry

Guidelines emphasize that common genetic variants are not sufficient to cause psychiatric disorders

High Rates of Visual Problems Seen in Stroke Survivors

Three-quarters have visual problems, including impaired central vision, eye movement abnormalities

Shorter Reproductive Span May Up Risk for Dementia in Women

Dementia risk increased for menarche age ≥16 versus 13.0 years, natural menopause at <47.4 years

Three Interventions Involved in Decrease in Combat Mortality

Increased use of tourniquets, blood transfusions, rapid prehospital transport time key to mortality reduction

Starting Colorectal Cancer Screening at Age 45 Years Is Cost-Effective

But increasing participation for unscreened older adults would yield greater benefits at lower costs

Use of Biologics to Treat IBD in U.S. Adults May Be Suboptimal

While study design, methodology make comparisons difficult, adherence, continuation appear to be poor

Dietary Fatty Acid Intake Linked to Pediatric Asthma Morbidity

Omega fatty acid intake also modifies effect of indoor PM exposure on respiratory symptoms

Receiving Activated Charcoal Bag Tied to Proper Opioid Disposal

Less medication flushing, inappropriate garbage disposal seen for those receiving activated charcoal bag

Guidance Lists New First-Line Treatment for Severe Malaria in the U.S.

With discontinuation of quinidine, IV artesunate is now first-line drug for treatment of malaria

FDA Grants Approval for Hypogonadism Treatment

Jatenzo indicated for men with low testosterone due to certain conditions

Docetaxel Chemo Ups Survival in High-Risk Localized Prostate Cancer

Findings based on addition of docetaxel chemotherapy to androgen suppression, radiotherapy

Endocrine Society, March 23-26

The Endocrine Society 101st Annual Meeting and Expo The annual meeting of the Endocrine Society (ENDO 2019) was held from March 23 to 26 in...

Lifetime HTN Risk High for Black Men and Women, White Men

Lifetime risks are higher under AHA/ACC 2017 HTN threshold than JNC7 threshold for hypertension

California Man Awarded $80 Million in Roundup Lawsuit

Jury previously found Roundup was a significant factor in plaintiff's non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Cimzia Injection Approved for New Inflammatory Arthritis Indication

FDA grants approval for first treatment for nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis

Doctors With Malpractice Claims More Likely to Leave Medicine

Physicians with five or more malpractice claims more than twice as likely to go into solo practice

Virtual Reality Cuts Time to Guide Catheter to Target Blood Vessels

Compared with fluoroscopic guidance, VR reduces time to select GDA, splenic, right hepatic artery

Drug Survival Rates Highest for Ustekinumab for Pediatric Psoriasis

Drug survival rates higher than for adalimumab, etanercept for all treatment and psoriasis types

Frailty May Up Fracture Risk in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes patients have higher frailty scores, which are tied to risk for incident fragility fractures

Tooth Loss May Up Pancreatic Cancer Risk in Black Women

Pancreatic cancer risk increased with tooth loss, especially loss of five or more teeth

Contact Lens-Based Antihistamine Delivery Effective

Eyes wearing lenses with etafilcon A, ketotifen have lower mean itching scores than controls

Nonsurgical Brain Stimulation Beneficial in Major Depressive Episodes

Ten of 18 reviewed treatment strategies linked to higher response versus sham therapy

Electronic Books Tied to Less Verbalization Among Parents, Toddlers

Pediatricians may want to promote shared reading of print books over electronic books

Higher Disease Burden for OA Than RA After Six Months

Similar disease burden seen at presentation for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis

Infants Born Weighing <400 g Who Survive at Risk for Severe Morbidity

One in five infants born at <400 g survives, but neurodevelopmental impairment common

FDA Approves Mayzent for Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

Oral medication must be dispensed with important information about the drug's uses and risks

User Data From Medicine-Related Apps Routinely Shared

User data from 24 apps received or processed by 55 unique entities, including developers, service providers

Miscarriage Risk Strongly Tied to Age, Pregnancy History

Miscarriage has strong recurrence risk that increases with the number of miscarriages

Tx Adherence for Inflammatory Bowel Dz Lower in the Educated

Findings based on Indian study that also showed lower adherence overall for topical treatment

Hearing Loss Before Age 50 Tied to Higher Substance Use

Associations particularly pronounced for Rx opioid use disorders in those aged 18 to 34 with hearing loss

FDA: Breast Density Must Be Reported to Women During Mammograms

Proposed rule would also tighten FDA regulation of mammogram facilities

Adding Transition Services Does Not Aid Heart Failure Outcomes

No differences observed in readmission, ED visits, death at three months compared with usual care

Maltreatment in Childhood May Affect Course of Adult Depression

Links found among childhood maltreatment, relapse of depression as an adult, and altered brain structure

Taxane + Platinum Feasible for Adjuvant Tx in Endometrial Cancer

Tolerability, survival similar to that for doxorubicin + cisplatin for postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy

Many Eligible Patients Report Not Being Offered Statins

Fear of side effects, perceived side effects most common reasons for declining, discontinuing statins

ENDO: Sex Hormone Levels Tied to Telomere Length in Older Men

Estradiol independently linked to leucocyte telomere length in older men; SHBG inversely associated

Fewer Complications Seen With Uterine Fibroid Embolization

Both UFE and myomectomy are useful for treating symptomatic uterine fibroids

Smoking Seems Not to Be Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

No increased risk for dementia observed when adjusting for risk of death without dementia

ED Visits in Colorado More Frequent for Inhaled Versus Edible Cannabis

Visits for edible cannabis more likely to be for acute psychiatric symptoms, intoxication

Risk for Miscarriage Increased With Night Work During Pregnancy

Two or more night shifts during previous week tied to miscarriage risk after pregnancy week 8

ENDO: Levothyroxine Does Not Up Fertility in Women With TPO Ab

Live-birth rate did not increase for euthyroid women with thyroid peroxidase antibodies before conception

ENDO: Guidance Provided for Managing Diabetes in Seniors

Simplified med regimens, tailored glycemic targets recommended for those with cognitive impairment

ENDO: Recommendations Issued for Treating Osteoporosis

Pharmacological management recommended for postmenopausal women at high risk for fracture

Douglas County, Colorado, Ranked as Healthiest Community

Seven of top 20 communities were in Colorado; nearly all adults in these counties exercise

FDA Panel: Too Early to Ban Breast Implant Linked With Cancer

Evidence growing that certain breast implants can trigger a rare form of lymphoma

$775 Million Settlement Reached in Xarelto Lawsuits

Patients claim companies failed to warn about the risk for potentially fatal bleeding episodes

U.S. Measles Cases Hit 314 This Year

Meanwhile, Rockland County, New York, declares state of emergency over measles outbreak

Patient CKD App Ratings Do Not Correlate With Those of Nephrologists

No correlation seen for consumer ratings on the app stores with patient ratings of app quality

Statins Cut Risk for Major Vascular Events in Older Patients

Effects seen even among patients older than 75 years, though with less direct evidence of benefit

Blindfolding Leader Improves Pediatric Resuscitation Training

After five simulations, improvement in leadership skills was twice as high in blindfold group as in control group

Mild Congenital Heart Defects Tied to CVD Events

Lower-complexity ACHD associated with increased CVD risk regardless of conventional risk factors

Radiomic Features May Predict Response to Chemo in NSCLC

Peritumoral, intratumoral radiomic features on baseline CT scans may predict chemo response

New Approach Performs Well for Measuring CKD Quality of Life

Novel composite score is also reliable single-score summary of Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36

Guidance Offered for Managing Therapies in Children With Disability

Determining appropriate therapy dose is mainly subjective; provider should identify goals of therapy

Ocular Protein Levels May Be Useful for Alzheimer Testing

Low levels of protein biomarkers amyloid-β and tau protein in vitreous humor tied to low cognitive scores

Image-Guided Intervention May Ease Pain of Severe Tennis Elbow

Transcatheter arterial embolization may reduce pain, inflammation in persistent lateral epicondylitis

Policies Recommended to Reduce Sugary Drink Intake in Youth

Strategies aim to lower sugary beverage consumption among children and adolescents

ENDO: Older T1DM Patients Often Unaware of Hypoglycemic Status

Impaired awareness of hypoglycemia tied to greater amounts of time spent with glucose <70, <54 mg/dL

Patient CKD App Ratings Do Correlate With Those of Nephrologists

No correlation seen for consumer ratings on the app stores with patient ratings of app quality

Digital Intervention Ups Socialization in Children With Autism

Social outcomes improved with Superpower Glass wearable behavioral intervention

ENDO: Diabetes Underestimated With HbA1c Criteria

A1c misclassified 73.07 percent of diabetes mellitus cases defined by oral glucose tolerance test

Avocados Recalled by California Company

Recall issued by the company after samples tested positive for listeria

Mumps Outbreak at Temple University Reaches 74 Cases

University and local health department working together to combat outbreak

Aspiration Noninferior to Stent Retriever for Clot Removal

Direct aspiration is equally effective for large-vessel occlusion stroke, with lower device costs

HBV, HCV Control Aids Kidney Transplant Outcomes

Patients with viral suppression have outcomes similar to those of noninfected patients

Topical Immunotx for Actinic Keratosis May Prevent Cancer

Fewer patients treated with calcipotriol plus 5-FU developed SCC on treated face, scalp within three years

Brachytherapy Boost Ups Survival in Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

Findings observed regardless of treatment duration; disparities for brachytherapy use seen in vulnerable populations

2019 Residency Match Day Was Largest in History

Internal medicine programs offered a record 8,116 categorical, 396 primary care positions

Low, High Levels of Physical Activity Tied to Reduced Mortality

All-cause mortality risk lower with 10 to 59 minutes of physical activity per week versus inactivity

Many Patients Still Employ Strategies to Reduce Prescription Drug Costs

33.6 percent of patients reported not taking medication as prescribed to reduce costs

ACC: New Guidelines Issued for Primary Prevention of CVD

Guidelines emphasize promotion of healthy lifestyle, including healthy diet, exercise, weight loss

Prenatal Pesticide Exposure Linked to Increased Risk for Autism

Increased risk seen for autism spectrum disorder and disorder with comorbid intellectual disability

Niraparib Extends Time Without Symptoms in Ovarian Cancer

Findings based on phase 3 study of maintenance therapy with PARP inhibitor following treatment

ACC: Ultrasound Surgery May Help Control Blood Pressure

At six months, patients who underwent renal denervation used less medication to control BP

American College of Cardiology, March 16-18

The American College of Cardiology's 68th Annual Scientific Session and Expo The annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology was held from March 16...

Analysis IDs Messages Behind Antivaccination Comments

Four distinct subgroups of comments were identified: trust, alternatives, safety, and conspiracy

Stricter Gun Laws Tied to Safer High Schools

Stricter gun laws tied to fewer student reports of being threatened/injured with a weapon at school

Tyson Recalls 69,000 Pounds of Chicken Strip Products

Recall due to consumer complaints about pieces of metal in the products

FDA: Higher Risk for Death Found With Venclexta in Multiple Myeloma

Enrollment suspended for trials investigating Venclexta for treatment of multiple myeloma

More Vascular Risk Factors Tied to Worse Brain Health

Most consistent associations across brain measures seen with smoking pack years, hypertension, DM

Younger Age at Menopause Tied to Higher Risk for Bladder Cancer

Women with menopause onset by age 45 at higher risk than those with onset at age 50 or older

State Breast Density Notification Laws May Up Ultrasound Use

But laws should require notification of possible benefits of supplemental screening

Critical Care Nurses’ Work Environments Improving

But most report lack of appropriate staffing; 33 percent intend to leave job within 12 months

Statins Tied to Insulin Resistance, Higher Serum Fasting Insulin

Ever use of statins associated with 38 percent increased risk for incident type 2 diabetes

Antibiotics, PPIs Tied to Higher C. Diff Risk in Hospitalized Children

Previous antibiotic exposure significant risk factor in combined studies but not in adjusted studies

Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Can Reduce Benign Biopsy Rate

Fewer benign biopsies necessary with DBT compared with full-field digital mammography

ACC: Robust Evidence Lacking for Many Cardiovascular Guidelines

Few recommendations in cardiovascular society guidelines supported by evidence from multiple RCTs

Older Age at Puberty Linked to Lower Odds of Multiple Sclerosis

After adjustment for effects on adult BMI, correlation between age at puberty with MS was attenuated

In Youth With ADHD, New-Onset Psychosis Up With Amphetamines

New-onset psychosis occurred in about one in 660 teens, young adults with ADHD receiving stimulants

Mothers of Children With Eczema More Likely to Have Exhaustion

For all measures, worse child atopic dermatitis severity linked to worse maternal sleep outcomes

Certain Dietary Patterns Linked to Cognitive Performance

Greater adherence to MedDiet, APDQS patterns in adulthood tied to better cognitive performance