FDA Approves New Generic Valsartan to Ease Shortage

Certain lots of valsartan recalled due to contamination with trace amounts of nitrosamine

H. Pylori Infection Must Be Wiped Out to Cut Gastric Cancer Risk

Risk for gastric cancer tied to H. pylori infection higher in blacks, Asians, Hispanics/Latinos

February 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

July 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for July 2019. This roundup includes the...

Nonprescription Antibiotic Use Seems Prevalent in the United States

Review shows prevalence varies from 1 to 66 percent depending on population characteristics

Model Can Predict Survival in Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer

Model demonstrated good discrimination for 15-year prostate cancer-specific mortality in validation cohorts

ENDO: Recommendations Issued for Treating Osteoporosis

Pharmacological management recommended for postmenopausal women at high risk for fracture

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Varies by Birthplace for Black Women

Prevalence of triple-negative breast cancer lower for Eastern African- versus U.S.-born black women

For Teen Girls, Depression May Predict Subsequent Alcohol Use

Depression severity predicts increased likelihood of alcohol use; link for reverse pathway inconsistent

Exposure to Urban Tree Canopy Beneficial for Mental Health

≥30 percent green space, tree canopy specifically, linked to lower incidence of psychological distress

Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Gestational Diabetes Risk

Association even stronger for women persistently deficient through the second trimester

September 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Laser-Based Imaging + AI May Diagnose Brain Tumors in OR

Accurate diagnosis in <150 seconds in the operating room could improve decision-making during surgery

Thiazide Use May Lower Fracture Risk in Patients With Alzheimer Disease

Longer thiazide use tied to decreased risk for low-energy fractures, hip fractures in Alzheimer disease

At-Home Support Helps Stroke Patients Adjust After Hospitalization

Home-based support network includes social work case managers and online resources

Computer-Assisted Diagnosis Aids Detection of Glioma Growth

Physicians using CAD can detect growth of low-grade gliomas at significantly smaller volumes

Presence of Leukemia Cutis Tied to Worse Survival in AML

Hazard ratios for leukemia-specific death, all-cause death higher for patients with AML and LC

October 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for October 2019. This roundup includes...

Single-Payer System Would Likely Save Money

Largest savings predicted to come from simplified billing and lower drug costs

Many Surgeons Still Performing Inappropriate Vascular Access Sx

About 20 percent fail to meet arteriovenous fistula rate benchmark

Childhood BMI, HDL-C Variability May Up Later-Life Diabetes Risk

Greater variability tied to higher risk, independent of mean levels for BMI, HDL cholesterol in childhood

AI System Outperforms Radiologists in Breast Cancer Prediction

Reduction seen in false positives, false negatives in datasets from the United Kingdom, United States

Social Media Use Tied to Disordered Eating in Young Teens

Association seen for both number of social media accounts and daily time spent using them

New Approach Performs Well for Measuring CKD Quality of Life

Novel composite score is also reliable single-score summary of Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36

Trastuzumab Tied to Higher Long-Term Risk for Heart Failure

Increased risk for heart failure seen in breast cancer survivors given trastuzumab rather than chemo alone

Dabigatran Does Not Beat Aspirin for Preventing Recurrent Stroke

Efficacy similar to aspirin for preventing recurrent stroke after embolic stroke of undetermined source

CDC: Drinking Alcohol Not Uncommon Among Pregnant Women

Among pregnant women who report consuming alcohol, one-third report binge drinking

Structured Family-Centered Peds Rounds Improve Patient Safety

Forty percent decrease seen in harmful errors; decrease also in nonpreventable adverse events

Supply of Opioids Predicts Long-Term Use in Injured Workers

Odds of long-term opioid use up with initial Rx for five- to nine-day supply versus supply of less than five days

Implant Survival Poor for Converted ‘Partial’ Knee Replacements

Survival significantly inferior for TKAs converted from UKAs compared with primary TKAs

Pulegone Levels in Mint, Menthol E-Cigarettes May Be Unsafe

Exposure levels higher than those found in combustible menthol cigarettes

Lowering Cholesterol Levels May Worsen Nerve Damage in T2DM

Higher number of nerve lesions, declining nerve conduction velocities and amplitudes seen

Prepregnancy Folate Intake Linked to Reduced Risk for GDM

Folate intake before pregnancy tied to 22 percent reduction in developing gestational diabetes

Prenatal, Early-Life Air Pollutant Exposure Tied to Later Allergies

Exposures to candles, cats, environmental tobacco smoke at certain timepoints tied to allergies at 2 years

March 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Further Improvements in Survival Seen After Allogeneic Transplant

2003 to 2017 saw reduction in nonrelapse mortality, relapse of cancer, relapse-related and overall mortality

Rates of Diabetes Higher at Lower BMIs Among Minorities

At normal body weight, rates for diabetes three times higher in Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders

March 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for March 2019. This roundup...

One-Third of Physicians Will Take 10+ Years to Pay Off Debt

Survey shows that taking extra shifts is one strategy to help doctors pay off medical school debt

Very Low LDL-C, Triglycerides Tied to Hemorrhagic Stroke Risk in Women

Women with very low LDL or triglycerides should be monitored for other modifiable stroke risk factors

Vitamin E Acetate ID’d in Lungs of Most Vaping Illness Patients

And, special report notes decrease in ED visits with EVALI-related diagnostic codes since September 2019

July 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Risk Factors ID’d for Worse QOL From Knee Osteoarthritis

Female gender, overweight, smoking, knee pain, lower income tied to rapidly worsening quality of life

More High-Value Care Associated With Receipt of Primary Care

Increasing investment in primary care may improve value in the U.S. health care system

Cocaine-, Psychostimulant-Involved Death Rates Increasing

Synthetic opioids driving increases in cocaine-involved deaths, less so in psychostimulant-involved deaths

Higher Waist Circumference Tied to Increased Risk for Dementia

Waist circumference more accurate indicator of abdominal visceral fat level than body mass index

Adding Bempedoic Acid to Statin Therapy Reduces LDL Cholesterol

Genetic variants mimicking effect of ATP citrate lyase inhibitors, statins lower LDL-C in same way

December 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for December 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Statin Use Associated With Higher Incidence of Diabetes

Findings show statin use tied to higher HbA1c values, with longer statin use tied to greater risk for diabetes

Domestic Abuse Increases Risk for Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue

Female survivors of domestic abuse are at double the risk for developing functional syndromes

More Appropriate Prostate Cancer Tx Seen at Multidisciplinary Clinic

Patients with low-risk disease more likely to receive nondefinitive therapy at MultiD clinic versus SEER

Home-Based Cardiac Rehab May Be Option for Some Heart Patients

Short-term clinical outcomes improved similarly for home-based, center-based cardiac rehabilitation

Risk for Miscarriage Increased With Night Work During Pregnancy

Two or more night shifts during previous week tied to miscarriage risk after pregnancy week 8

Medicare Spends More Than $6 Billion on Secondary Fractures

A fracture should trigger clinical attention to reduce the risk for future fractures, authors say

CDC Revises Number of Vaping-Linked Lung Illnesses to 380

Agency says decrease due to the exclusion of 'possible' cases

Access to Health Care Has Little Impact on Longevity

Social, behavioral factors account for greater portion of premature mortality than does health care

DDW: Ingested Button Battery Can Cause Gastric Injury

Eighty-six percent of pediatric patients with BB ingestion had visual evidence of mucosal damage

Aggressive Lowering of HbA1c in T1DM Does Not Reduce Eye, Kidney Disease

Sweden's lower HbA1c target values not linked to further organ protection

Few Women With Chronic Health Issues Use Reliable Birth Control

Nearly a third of women of reproductive age found to have one or more chronic health conditions

Atypical Temporal Work Patterns Linked to Depressive Symptoms

Women working extra-long hours, men and women working weekends have more depressive symptoms

Radiotherapy Tied to Lower Recurrence of Early, Hormone-Driven Breast Cancer

Antihormone treatment also recommended in conjunction with radiotherapy

Total Thyroidectomy Improves HRQoL in Hashimoto Thyroiditis

Improvement in HRQoL, fatigue for patients with persistent symptoms despite normal thyroid gland function

Algorithm Evaluates Cervical Images to ID Precancer, Cancer

Deep learning-based algorithm was validated using archived, digitized cervical screening images

Occasional Napping Linked to Lower Risk for Cardiovascular Events

Napping once or twice/week tied to lower risk, but napping duration not linked to CV event risk

Mild Cognitive Impairment Incidence Higher for WTC Responders

Incidence increased with PTSD severity; prolonged exposure a risk factor for apolipoprotein-ε4 carriers

Decreased Humoral Immunity to Mumps Seen in Young Adults

10 percent of college-aged students vaccinated in childhood had no detectable memory B cells to mumps

Smartphone-Operated One-Lead ECG Detects A-Fib, Flutter

High sensitivity, specificity demonstrated for atrial arrhythmia

More Education Needed on Breast Density and Screening Choices

Women largely do not know breast density ups risk for breast cancer even in U.S. states with notification

Liquid Meal Replacements Cut Cardiometabolic Risk Factors

Effects observed in overweight/obese patients with T2DM; certainty of evidence low to moderate

December 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for December 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Electric Fans Help in Hot, Humid Conditions but Not Hot, Dry Ones

In very hot, dry conditions, fan use worsened rectal temperature, heart rate, whole-body sweat rate

EEG May Detect Brain Activation in Some Unresponsive Patients

Clinically unresponsive brain-injured patients with EEG response to spoken commands might improve

CDC Clarifies Guideline on Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Pain

Clarification pertains to opioid prescribing for cancer patients, cancer survivors, sickle cell disease

First-Trimester BP Category Linked to Hypertensive Disorders

Blood pressure trajectory between first, second trimesters tied to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy

ACS Sets Goal to Cut Cancer Mortality 40 Percent by 2035

Goal based on decrease in overall cancer death rates at pace seen among college graduates

Weight Loss Tied to Adverse Outcomes in Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant

Weight loss before transplantation associated with increased hospitalization LOS, graft loss, mortality

Odds of Stroke Up With Dual Use of E-Cigarettes, Cigarettes

Sole e-cigarette use not linked to increased odds of stroke in national sample of young adults

CDC: Acute Flaccid Myelitis Cases Appear to Have Peaked for 2018

As of Nov. 30, 134 cases of AFM have been confirmed in 33 states

AUA: Atenolol Linked to Drop in Low-, Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

After adjustment for confounders, atenolol displayed significant protective effect on prostate cancer

Scientists Use Gene-Editing Tool CRISPR in Attempt to Cure HIV

Attempt failed, but tool appears precise and safe and holds promise

AI Model Helps ID Those at Risk for Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Model may identify more who are at risk while substantially reducing the number of people screened

January 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for January 2019. This roundup includes the...

Virtual Reality Cuts Time to Guide Catheter to Target Blood Vessels

Compared with fluoroscopic guidance, VR reduces time to select GDA, splenic, right hepatic artery

Peanut Oral Immunotherapy Appears Safe for Preschool-Age Children

Most children reached maintenance; 0.4 percent had severe adverse reaction

LDL Decreased With LDL-Apheresis in ACS Patients

Significant reduction seen in mean LDL among patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with PCI

Many With History of Anxiety Report Complete Mental Health

Factors linked to being in CMH include female gender, older age, being married, good physical health

Some Obesity-Related Cancers Increasing in Younger Adults

Incidence up for six of 12 obesity-related cancers; steeper increase in successively younger generations

June 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Direct-Acting Antivirals Cut Mortality in Chronic Hepatitis C

Mortality, hepatocellular carcinoma risk reduced after adjustment for potential confounders

Study Describes TBI Caregiver QOL Measurement System

Five new item banks developed to assess health-related quality for traumatic brain injury caregivers

For Seniors With T2DM, Insulin Use Up With Poor Health

Individuals with poor and intermediate versus good health more likely to continue insulin use

Physician Burnout Rate Increased From 2014 to 2017

Early-career physicians most susceptible to burnout; late-career physicians less vulnerable

AAP: Info Sparse for Nonnutritive Sweetener Use in Children

NNSs may promote small amounts of weight loss, but isolated use unlikely to lead to substantial weight loss

MGUS Patients Have Higher Hospital Activity Before Diagnosis

Increased hospital activity unrelated to hematology seen for years before diagnosis

High Temps May Up Admissions, Deaths in End-Stage Renal Disease

Heterogeneity in risk observed according to geographic region

ENDO: Sex Hormone Levels Tied to Telomere Length in Older Men

Estradiol independently linked to leucocyte telomere length in older men; SHBG inversely associated

FDA: Blood Clot, Death Risk Up With Higher Dose of Tofacitinib

Increased risk seen with 10 mg dose of tofacitinib used for treating ulcerative colitis

CDC: Flu Season May Have Peaked

Milder strain of flu has been most common cause of cases this flu season

Many Hospitals Fail to Provide Instructions for Patient Portals

Authors say hospitals need to provide patients with more information and clarify expectations for use

Panel Votes Yes to Current Level of Red, Processed Meat Intake

Weak recommendations with low-certainty evidence based on five systematic reviews

ADA: Combo Injectable Controls Blood Glucose Longer in T2DM

Findings seen for initial injectable therapy with insulin degludec plus liraglutide versus insulin glargine

Plant-Based Diets Tied to Lower Risk for Heart Failure

Southern dietary pattern of more fried food and sweetened beverages tied to higher risk

Burnout, Satisfaction Vary With Age, Sex Among Neurologists

Sex does not independently predict burnout, fatigue, overall quality of life after controlling for age

Supine, Non-Left-Sided Sleep Not Linked to Pregnancy Outcomes

Supine or right lateral sleep position not tied to higher risk for composite of adverse pregnancy outcomes

Light, Incremental Physical Activity Can Help Reduce Brain Aging

Each additional hour spent in light-intensity physical activity equivalent to about 1.1 years less brain aging

FDA Warns Companies on Unsafe, Unapproved Stem Cell Treatments

Patients contracting deadly infections at clinics offering the unapproved treatments

Congo Ebola Outbreak Death Toll Surpasses 1,000

International aid organizations halting their work due to deteriorating security conditions

Survival Similar for Kidneys From Dead Donors With, Without AKI

Deceased donor AKI status has no association with death-censored graft failure, all-cause graft failure

Antiplatelets Do Not Up Recurrence in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

In population with cerebral microbleeds, no increased risk seen for those starting antiplatelet therapy

Abnormal Romberg Test Predicts Prolonged Concussion in Children

Abnormal performance independently associated with longer duration of symptoms for children

Lower Birth Weight May Protect Against Allergies

However, effects might differ between allergic diseases

Few Older European Men Aware of Prostate Function

New survey reveals low levels of awareness about prostate health in men older than 50 years of age

May 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

2001 to 2017 Saw Increase in Suicides in African-American Teens

Male teens were most likely to use firearms or hang/suffocate themselves to commit suicide

Thymectomy + PDN Beneficial for Non-Thymomatous Myasthenia Gravis

Thymectomy plus prednisone confers benefit versus prednisone alone at 5 years in myasthenia gravis

DEA to Approve Dozens More Growers for Marijuana Research

Added sites will provide researchers with greater variety of marijuana to study

Three Factors Predict Psych Events With Drugs for Smoking Cessation

Anxiety, history of suicidal ideation/behavior, being white associated with higher risk for events

Worldwide Prevalence of Eating Disorders Increased Since 2000

Point prevalence for eating disorders increased during the study period from 2000-2006 to 2013-2018

Average of 8.8 Inactive Ingredients Found in Oral Medications

Overall, 92.8 percent of oral solid medications contain at least one potential allergen

Racial Disparities Persist in Revascularization for CHD

Rates of revascularization lower for black women with acute coronary syndrome, coronary heart disease

Extended Follow-Up Supports Low-Dose CT for Lung Cancer Screening

303 the number needed to screen in extended follow-up of National Lung Screening Trial

County-Level Poverty Strongly Tied to Heart Failure Mortality

Poverty linked to heart failure and coronary heart disease mortality; link stronger for heart failure

Many NPs Unable to Prescribe Meds to Treat Opioid Addiction

Greater practice restrictions lead to lower percentage of NPs with waivers to prescribe buprenorphine

Five-Year Overall Survival for Glioblastoma Persistently Low

Authors call for more aggressive treatments to be considered for glioblastoma patients

Outcomes for AMI Improved During 1995 to 2014

Declines seen in AMI hospitalization, 30-day mortality, 30-day all-cause readmissions, one-year recurrent AMI

Marketing of Opioids Linked to Increased OD Mortality

Mortality from opioid overdoses up with increase in marketing value/capita, payments to doctors

New Workflow Could Improve Imaging Assessment in Research

Use of a tumor response assessment core can avoid potential bias by medical oncologists in oncology trials

Many With Diabetes Engage in Underground Exchange of Medications, Supplies

Diabetes-specific financial stress predicts engagement in trading, receiving donated meds, supplies

WHO to Test, Approve Generic Insulin

Agency says new generic versions could create competition that would drive down prices

Microbes Tied to Pedicle Screw Loosening, Spinal Implant Failure

Low-virulent microorganisms detected using sonication on extracted hardware

Data Insufficient for Safety of Lithium During Breastfeeding

Lithium transfer to infants is variable; three cases of adverse effects reported, but confounding occurred

2005 to 2015 Saw Drop in Primary Care Physician Supply

Additional 10 primary care physicians per 100,000 population linked to reduced mortality

HPV16 Antibodies Can Develop Long Before Throat Cancer Diagnosis

HPV16-E6 seropositivity increases with shorter lead time, reaching 38.9 percent for <10 years

May 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

June 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Single Antidepressant Dose of Intravenous Ketamine Safe

No serious, long-lasting side effects seen for treatment of resistant depression

High, Increasing BP in Midlife Tied to Brain Changes in Late Life

Higher DBP at age 43 years, greater increases from 36 to 43 linked to smaller whole-brain volume at 69 to 71

September 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Repeat Tubal Procedures Up After Hysteroscopic Sterilization

Risk for additional tubal resection or ligation higher for hysteroscopic versus laparoscopic sterilization

American Academy of Dermatology, March 1-5

The American Academy of Dermatology The annual meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology was held from March 1 to 5 in Washington, D.C., and...

Knee, Hip Arthritis Increase Risk for Social Isolation in Elderly

Findings based on multicountry, European study

Universal Screening for Autism Feasible in Pediatric Network

Sensitivity of 38.8 percent found for M-CHAT/F; specificity lower in children of color, lower-income households

Nearly 5 Million Youth Are Obese in the United States

Obesity rate has held steady in recent years

Education Emphasized in Guidelines on Sudden Hearing Loss

Patients should be educated about condition, benefits and risk of medical interventions

About One in Three in ED for Low Back Pain Receive Imaging

Imaging use decreased from 34.4 percent in 2011 to 31.9 percent in 2016

Patients Find Note Reading Important for Health Management

Few patients very confused or more worried after reading clinicians' outpatient visit notes

March 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Fewer Children Receiving Care at Family Medicine Practices

Odds of being seen at family practice increased for children from rural areas versus urban children

Use of Watchful Waiting Up for Low-Risk Localized Prostate Cancer

From 2010 to 2015, use of active surveillance/watchful waiting increased in low-risk disease

RSNA: Brachytherapy Treats Skin Cancer in Elderly Patients

Brachytherapy alternative to Mohs surgery in early-stage nonmelanoma skin cancers of head, neck

Age, BMI Predict Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Success

Upper airway stimulation more effective with older age, lower body mass index

OCT Imaging Needle Can Detect Blood Vessels in Neurosurgery

OCT probe integrated into standard brain biopsy needle IDs vessels with high sensitivity, specificity

Users of Flavored E-Cigarettes Report Greater Satisfaction

Flavor is common reason for vaping initiation, more likely to motivate adults aged 18 to 24 years to start

Patient Behaviors Identified That Impact Weight Regain After RYGB

Independent links for sedentary time, eating fast food, eating when feeling full, eating continuously

Ambiguous Genitalia in Newborns Not Uncommon

Ratio of prematurity, small for gestational age higher in newborns with disorders of sex development

Training for, Running First Marathon May Reduce Aortic Age

Reductions in central blood pressure, aortic stiffness seen in first-time marathon completers

Exercise Can Consistently Lower Blood Pressure

Reductions in BP from exercise comparable but not as great as from medications

Many Long-Term Breast Cancer Survivors Die From Other Causes

Number of breast cancer deaths decreased as more years passed after breast cancer diagnosis

August 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Interdisciplinary Care Pathway Helps Manage Frail, Elderly Trauma Patients

Significant decreases seen in delirium, 30-day readmission, but not complications

Food Insecurity Prevalent Among Medicare Enrollees

Odds of food insecurity up with reporting four or more chronic conditions, depression, anxiety

Few Pharmacies Provide Correct Info on Medication Disposal

Only 11 percent of California pharmacies reported on-site take-back programs for antibiotic, opioid disposal

March 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Former NFL Participation Linked to Increased A-Fib Prevalence

Former NFL players also had eightfold higher prevalence of paced cardiac rhythms versus controls

Mailing HPV Kits to Underscreened Women Can Up Screening

No significant difference found in detection of CIN2+ or treatment with intervention versus usual care

HIV-Infected Cells Persist in CSF in Individuals on Long-Term ART

Cell-associated HIV DNA ID'd in CSF in nearly half of participants, tied to worse neurocognitive outcomes

Injection Timing Tied to Risk for Infection in Rotator Cuff Repair

Corticosteroid injection in the month prior to surgery linked to increased risk for surgical site infection

April 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for April 2019. This roundup includes the...

Hydroxychloroquine Blood Levels Predict Retinopathy Risk in Lupus

Prospective cohort study demonstrates link between HCQ blood levels and retinopathy risk

E-Cigarette Use Linked to Cigarette Initiation in Adolescents

Prior e-cigarette use tied to increased risk for cigarette initiation and use, especially for low-risk teens

Strict Ordinances Tied to Lower Youth Tobacco Use

Jurisdictions with most restrictive ordinances had lowest odds of ever cigarette use, past 30-day use

FDA to Assess First Drug Meant to Prevent Peanut Allergy

Palforzia is a capsule containing a pharmaceutical-grade dose of the peanut protein

People Living With HIV Have Higher Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Risk for heart failure and stroke particularly higher; risk for heart attack, atrial fibrillation moderately higher

Guidance Offered for Managing Therapies in Children With Disability

Determining appropriate therapy dose is mainly subjective; provider should identify goals of therapy

Single-Component Treatments Effective for Insomnia

Stimulus control and sleep restriction therapy more effective than multiple-component treatments

Evidence Supports Use of High-Dose Aspirin for Migraine

High-dose aspirin safe, effective for acute migraine; low-dose aspirin can prevent recurrent attacks

Most Teens Worldwide Are Not Exercising Enough

Findings consistent worldwide, with boys regularly more physically active than girls

Health Care Spending Per Person Increased to $5,641 in 2017

Spending per person increased 4.2 percent from 2016 to 2017; utilization increased 0.5 percent

Outcomes Similar With Hip Arthroplasty, Hemiarthroplasty

Incidence of secondary hip procedure within 24 months of follow-up did not differ between groups

Limited Examination Detects Scabies With High Sensitivity

Sensitivity of limited examination >90 percent regardless of scabies severity, presence of impetigo

Cannabis Use Disorder May Up Risk of Perioperative Heart Attack

Findings in national study of patients undergoing 11 elective surgeries

FDA Approves Osteoporosis Tx for High-Risk Postmenopausal Women

Boxed warning states increased risks for cardiovascular death, stroke, heart attack

Opioids Commonly Prescribed in Emergency Department for Gout

Diabetes, polyarticular gout, prior opioid use tied to increased risk for opioid prescription at discharge

2008 to 2016 Saw Decline in Primary Care Visits for Children

Increases seen in visits to other acute care venues and to specialists during the same period

Some U.S. Adults Unaware of Any Myocardial Infarction Symptoms

About 20 percent of adults not aware of the three most common symptoms of myocardial infarction

Most A-Fib Patients Have at Least One Identifiable Trigger

Triggers more commonly associated with family history of atrial fibrillation, less likely with CHF

More Awareness of Choosing Wisely Campaign Needed for Nurses

Only 38.3 percent of nurses who were members of AACN reported being familiar with Choosing Wisely

News of Vaping-Related Injury Getting Vapers’ Attention

But many young people who vape still underestimate the risks posed by e-cigarette products

April 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Mental Health Disorders Up After Head & Neck Cancer Diagnosis

Women, patients with history of tobacco use, alcohol use have significantly higher odds of MHDs

Statins Cut Risk for Major Vascular Events in Older Patients

Effects seen even among patients older than 75 years, though with less direct evidence of benefit

FDA: Risk From Tainted Blood Pressure Drugs Very Low

Officials say actual risk to patients from tainted medications is likely lower than originally stated

Mentholated Popsicle Can Help Reduce Preoperative Thirst

Significant reduction seen in intensity of thirst and discomfort from thirst in preoperative fasting

Survey Reveals Gaps in Opioid Rx Patterns of Orthopedic Surgeons

History of drug misuse, depression did not necessarily diminish hypothetical prescribing rates

Prior Training Increases Internists’ Knowledge of PrEP for HIV

IM residents with training report more frequent prescribing, higher comfort level in educating patients

Gradual ACS Symptom Onset Linked to Delay in Presentation for Acute Care

More than half of men with abrupt onset of symptoms, STEMI reported symptoms triggered by exertion

Diabetes Prevalence Varies by Race, Ethnicity

Adjusted rates lower for non-Hispanic white versus Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic Asian groups

Risk for MRSA Reduced With Postdischarge Decolonization

Risk for MRSA infections, infections from any cause further reduced with full adherence to decolonization

Many Multiple Sclerosis Patients Considering Stem Cell Transplant

However, many are not well-informed regarding stem cell transplants

Kratom Use Associated With Significant Toxicities

Most common effects include agitation, tachycardia, drowsiness, vomiting, confusion