CDC: United States Set to Break Measles Cases Record

Number so far this year stands at 626, just 41 short of the 2014 record

Risk for Cancer Higher in Those With Congenital Heart Disease

Twofold higher risk for cancer seen for children, young adults with congenital heart disease

Fournier Gangrene Is Safety Concern With SGLT2 Inhibitors

FDA identified 55 cases of FG in patients on SGLT2 inhibitors from March 2013 through January 2019

Company Reaches $1.4 Billion Settlement in Opioid Treatment Investigation

Settlement the largest in U.S. history in a case involving an opioid medication

Adverse Birth Outcomes Up With Medically Assisted Reproduction

But risks are mainly attributable to factors other than medically assisted reproductive treatment

CDC: Coronavirus Spreads Most Easily When Patients Are Sickest

Experts say virus appears to spread via respiratory droplets among close contacts

Association for Diabetes, Stroke Risk Varies by Age, Race, Sex

For under 65s, stroke risk increased for white women and men, black women, but not black men

April 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for April 2019. This roundup includes...

Expanding Symptom Screening Criteria Can Up COVID-19 Detection

Even with addition of myalgia, chills, about 10 percent of health care personnel with COVID-19 would be missed

Country-Specific Norms Created for Cancer-Related Quality of Life

New data from countries including the U.S. allow for intercountry, intracountry comparisons

More Sports Experience May Reduce Impact of Concussions

Among youth with concussion history, more years of experience tied to quicker functional recovery

Early Awake Proning for COVID-19 Improves Oxygen Saturation

Improvement in oxygen saturation seen with awake early self-proning in the emergency department

Only Half of Ear, Nose, Throat Infections Receive Recommended Antibiotics

First-line antibiotics prescribed at 50 percent of outpatient visits for pharyngitis, sinusitis, otitis media

Smartphone App Could Help Diagnose Ear Infections

By using smartphone microphone, speaker to assess eardrum mobility, app can detect middle ear fluid

Black Men Have Higher Breast Cancer Rates for All Subtypes

Black-white patterns in subtype-specific breast cancer incidence rates differ for men and women

Nearly 43,000 Pounds of Ground Beef Products Recalled

Products sold across the United States under the labels Marketside Butcher and Thomas Farms

Many Family Caregivers Never Speak to Health Care Workers

Likelihood of being asked about needing help up for those who interacted often with health care workers

Diet, Activity Guideline Updated by American Cancer Society

Recommendations include increased physical activity, following a healthy eating pattern throughout life

NSAIDs Contribute to Increased CVD Risk in Osteoarthritis

Considerable proportion of increased CHF, IHD, and stroke risk mediated by NSAID use

Study Confirms Teratogenicity of Valproic Acid, Topiramate

Eight specific types of major congenital malformations associated with prenatal exposure to valproic acid

Gender-Concordant ID May Aid Mental Health in Trans Adults

Benefits include less psychological distress, lower prevalence of suicidal thoughts, planning

Tanezumab Improves Scores for Pain, Function in Osteoarthritis

Improvements in mean WOMAC Pain, Physical Function scores for osteoarthritis of knee or hip

Anxiety With Type 2 Diabetes Tied to High-Cost Health Care Use

Anxiety and type 2 diabetes related to frequent visits to ED, high costs but not total hospitalization costs

Clinical Apps Up Quality of Care for Stable Ischemic Heart Disease

Tools offer clinical support for appropriate imaging, symptom assessment, patient education

Guidance Developed for Treating Cardiac Arrest During COVID-19

Guidelines balance competing interests of providing timely, high-quality care with protecting rescuers

Dietitians Effective for Weight Loss in Obese Medicare Patients

Findings seen in trial of integration of intensive behavioral therapy into primary care practice

Prediction Rule IDs Febrile Infants 0 to 2 Months Old at Low Risk for...

Rule relies on clinical information, absolute neutrophil count, procalcitonin, urinalysis results

FDA Approves First Gene Therapy for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Patients treated with Zolgensma have shown improvement in reaching developmental motor milestones

U.S. Primary Care Doctors Face Challenges in Coordinating Care

Substantial proportion of U.S. doctors do not get timely notifications, information needed from specialists

February 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Water Pipe Tobacco Smoking Addictive, Harmful to the Heart

Water pipe tobacco smokers are exposed to level of nicotine that is physiologically active in short term

CVD May Play Role in Link Between Air Pollution, Dementia

Heart failure, ischemic heart disease, stroke may contribute to link between air pollution and dementia

Fewer Women in Cardiovascular Trials, but Representation Improving

Representation of women varies with disease and trial characteristics, but overall, men still dominate

Extra Weight in Adolescence Tied to Later Risk for Renal Cancer

Among Swedish men, overweight or obesity during adolescence tied to higher risk for renal cell carcinoma

Few U.S. Adults Use USB-Shaped Electronic Vapor Products

7.9 percent report ever use of USB-shaped EVPs in 2018; nicotine delivery, friend/family use drive use

Adolescent Oral Contraceptive Use Tied to Later Depression Risk

Findings show long-term impact, regardless of current oral contraception use in adulthood

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Cases Increased in 2004 to 2012

Highest rates of HZO seen in older adults, women, and in whites versus other racial groups

American Psychiatric Association, May 18-22

The 172nd American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting The annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association was held from May 18 to 22 in San Francisco...

Low-Cost, Noninvasive Ventilator Feasible for Breathing Support

Inspiratory/expiratory pressures up to 20/10 cmH20, respectively; no faulty triggering, cycling

Early Neuromuscular Blockade No Better in ARDS Patients on Vent

Mortality similar for those receiving continuous infusion of cisatracurium, lighter sedation targets

Four Clinical Phenotypes Identified for Sepsis

Phenotype distributions similar in derivation, validation cohorts; highest mortality for γ phenotype

EPA Proposal Will Allow Antibiotic Spraying of Citrus Crops

Consumer Reports warns of '26-fold increase in the use of streptomycin in plant agriculture'

Sociodemographic Factors Predict Recovery After Traumatic Injury

Gender, education are better predictors of long-term recovery than injury severity

Millennial Parents Found More Likely to Drive Distracted

Parents born between 1981 and 1996 more likely to read text messages while driving with children in the car

Combat Application Tourniquet Suitable for Use in Children

CAT successfully occluded arterial blood flow in all upper extremities, 93 percent of lower extremities

Inappropriate Use of Fentanyl Preps Seen Despite Awareness

Claims data show many prescribed transmucosal immediate-release fentanyl were opioid-nontolerant

Gefapixant Promising for Relief of Unexplained Chronic Cough

Cough frequency significantly reduced after 12 weeks of gefapixant 50 mg versus placebo in phase 2b study

Sensory Sensitivity Tied to Constipation in Young Children

Feeding problems due to sensory sensitivities common in children with constipation

Study Describes TBI Caregiver QOL Measurement System

Five new item banks developed to assess health-related quality for traumatic brain injury caregivers

Electronic Health Record Usability Graded F by Physicians

Physician-rated EHR usability independently linked to odds of burnout

CRP-Guided Testing Cuts Antibiotic Use in COPD Exacerbations

Lower percentage of patients reported antibiotic use, received antibiotic prescriptions

Israeli Flight Attendant Dies of Measles

It is not known if she was infected with measles on a flight, in New York, or in Israel

Global Burden of Thyroid Cancer Is Increasing

Burden higher among women, Southern and Eastern Asia, with one-third of cases in wealthy nations

Severe COVID-19 Risk Up With Existing Health Conditions in U.S.

Most commonly reported underlying health conditions were diabetes, chronic lung disease, CVD

Altered Mental Status Not Uncommon in Severe COVID-19

Altered mental status includes encephalopathy or encephalitis and primary psychiatric diagnosis

Neurodegenerative Disease Deaths Up in Former Soccer Players

Former Scottish soccer players also more often prescribed dementia-related medications than controls

Artificial Intelligence System Can Triage Chest Radiographs

Average reporting delay reduced from 11.2 to 2.7 days for critical image findings in simulation

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of...

FDA to Allow States to Import Prescription Drugs From Other Countries

All imports would have to be FDA-approved, tested to ensure quality, relabeled to meet U.S. labeling requirements

Menopause Symptoms Linked to Chronic Pain in Midlife

Nearly twofold increased odds of chronic pain, multiple pain diagnoses seen with menopause symptoms

Antimalarials May Cut Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Lupus Patients

T2DM risk reduced by 39 percent for those with high adherence to antimalarial therapy for managing lupus

Sertraline Tops CBT for Reducing Depression in Dialysis Patients

Engagement intervention on treatment acceptance has no effect on acceptance of depression treatment

RN Staffing Linked to COVID-19 Incidence in Nursing Homes

Increase in registered nurse staffing linked to reduction in confirmed cases, fewer COVID-19 deaths

Depressive Symptoms May Up Risk for Death in HIV+ Veterans

However, depression linked to higher risk for death in HIV-uninfected, but not HIV-infected, U.S. veterans

Sharp Drop in Demand Seen for COVID-19 Tests at Private Labs

Private labs conduct the vast majority of testing for COVID-19 in the United States

Risk for Cardiovascular Deaths Increased With Hip, Knee OA

No increased mortality found for most causes of death

August 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

January 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for January 2019. This roundup includes...

Parenteral Antimicrobial Tx at Home Burdens Children’s Caregivers

Compared with those who receive oral therapy, caregivers miss more work, have lower QoL scores

Cost Saving-Related Rx Nonadherence Found for 7 Percent With HIV

Persons nonadherent due to cost more likely to have visited ED, been hospitalized, not be virally suppressed

1984 to 2016 Saw Increase in Age of Death for HIV-Infected

Autopsy data trends include increase in prevalence of atherosclerosis, drop in opportunistic infections

ED Visit Provides Opportunity to Discuss Contraception With Teens

Two-thirds of girls seen in pediatric emergency department interested in discussing contraception

Uncontrolled Diabetes, Hypertension Rates High in CKD Patients

Findings also revealed low use of statins among patients with chronic kidney disease

Predictors of Immune Response to Hep B Shot ID’d in Lymphoma

Dose and frequency of vaccination, sex, Ann Arbor stage, ibrutinib impact immunity effects of vaccine

Most Home BP Devices Available Online Are Not Validated

Only 5.5 percent of the devices stocked by international e-commerce businesses validated

Scientists Design Protective Respirator for Health Care Workers

Team created 3D-printed parts to modify a surgical helmet into a powered air-purifying respirator

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy Tied to Stroke Risk

However, primary preventive treatment with aspirin may cut long-term risk for stroke

Half-Price Version of Humalog Insulin Now Available

Eli Lilly's generic version being sold under the chemical name insulin lispro

GI Symptoms Seen in Less Than 10 Percent of COVID-19 Patients

Outpatients with new-onset GI symptoms should be monitored for COVID-19 symptoms

Congress Approves Raising Age to Buy Tobacco Products to 21

Measure was supported by many tobacco and electronic cigarette companies

Proportion of Cancers Due to Excess Body Weight Varies by State

Population-attributable fraction varied from 3.9 percent in Montana to 6.0 percent in Texas for men

Yogurt Consumption Linked to Reduced CRC Adenoma Risk in Men

Men with two or more servings of yogurt per week have reduced risk for conventional adenoma

Supine, Non-Left-Sided Sleep Not Linked to Pregnancy Outcomes

Supine or right lateral sleep position not tied to higher risk for composite of adverse pregnancy outcomes

U.S. Insurers Should Not Charge Copays for COVID-19 Vaccine

Government has been in discussions with insurers about covering COVID-19 vaccination at no cost to patients

Expert Panel: There Are No Proven Drug Treatments for COVID-19

Whenever possible, drugs should be given to COVID-19 patients as part of a clinical trial

Tesamorelin May Aid Patients With HIV, Fatty Liver Disease

Tesamorelin significantly reduced hepatic fat fraction compared with placebo

2nd Trimester Antibiotic Exposure May Up Risk for Offspring Obesity

Exposure in infancy might also increase the risk for childhood overweight or obesity

AMA, AHA Support Refresher Training for Measuring Blood Pressure

Broad support needed for providing BP refresher training for all roles of primary care health care providers

Daily Emollient in Infancy Does Not Foil Eczema in Children at Risk

Daily use of emollient in first year of life linked to increased risk for skin infections

Kawasaki-Like Disease Incidence Up After Start of SARS-CoV-2

Children diagnosed after start of SARS-CoV-2 were older, had higher rate of cardiac involvement

CDC: Prevalence of Obesity 42.4 Percent in 2017 to 2018

Age-adjusted prevalence of severe obesity 9.2 percent among U.S. adults, higher in women than men

Evidence Poor for Accuracy of Serological Tests for COVID-19

Evidence for diagnostic accuracy of serological tests characterized by high risks of bias, heterogeneity

Sinks by Toilets in ICU Patient Rooms Harbor Harmful Bacteria

Klebsiella pneumonia carbapenemase more common in sinks near toilets

Endogenous Testosterone Linked to Cardiovascular Disease

Genetically predicted endogenous testosterone may have role in thromboembolism, heart failure, MI

Early-Stage Alzheimer Disease Has Adverse Financial Consequences

Robust evidence shows households are at significant risk for large adverse changes in liquid assets

U.S. Coronavirus Cases Now Stand at 26

Several passengers from the Diamond Princess have been transferred to a biocontainment unit at UNMC

COVID-19 Drug Remdesivir Could Cost Up to $3,120 Per Patient

In the U.S., government programs, additional Gilead assistance should mean all patients have access to the drug

CRC Incidence, Mortality Declining for Adults Aged ≥65

However, incidence and CRC death rates increased for those aged younger than 50 years

Drinking 100 Percent Fruit Juice in Preschool Years Tied to Healthy Diet Later

No negative association seen between fruit juice consumption and future body mass index

Elderly Men Undertreated for Osteoporosis

Also, black men and women are much less likely to be treated than their white counterparts

ENDO: Diabetes Diminishes Weight Loss Effect of Bariatric Surgery

Those without diabetes had increased odds of achieving 50 percent or more excess body-weight loss

Overall, 8.5 Percent of Suicide Acts in U.S. Are Fatal

Most lethal method is firearms, with 89.6 percent of suicidal acts with firearms resulting in death

Drug Price-Fixing Charge Laid Against ‘Pharma Bro’ Martin Shkreli

Former drug industry executive charged with restricting competition to maintain a monopoly on the drug Daraprim

No Benefit Found for High-Dose Vitamin C Infusions in Sepsis, ARDS

No differences seen versus placebo in organ dysfunction scores, biomarkers of inflammation or vascular injury

Fear of COVID-19 Keeping Adults From Emergency Care

About 80 percent of poll respondents concerned about contracting COVID-19 from another patient, visitor

Coronavirus Cases, Deaths Rise Sharply

CDC announced that two new cases have been confirmed in the United States

Aspirin for Primary Prevention May Offer Net Benefit for Some

Subgroups with net benefit had higher baseline CVD risk, higher levels of most established CVD risk factors

Blood Donor Screening Data IDs Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Highest estimated prevalence of FH seen in young versus older donors, and in men versus women

Children With Poorly Controlled Asthma Suffer Academically

Latino and black children have poorer academic outcomes than non-Latino whites

CDC: Wildlife Rabies, Especially in Bats, Poses Risk in U.S.

Seventy percent of rabies infections acquired in the United States attributed to bats

Risk, Severity of CTE Increase With Years of Football Played

Risk for developing chronic traumatic encephalopathy increased by 30 percent per year of football played

People With Obesity Are Blatantly Dehumanized

Dehumanization predictive of support for policies that discriminate against people with obesity

Serum Biomarker Linked to Brain Atrophy in Multiple Sclerosis

Changes in serum neurofilament light chain levels tied to disability status and brain fraction atrophy

High Alcohol Consumption May Be Causally Tied to Stroke, PAD

Some evidence of positive link seen for genetically predicted alcohol consumption with CAD, a-fib, AAA

Chest CT May Be Better Than PET/CT for HNSCC Distant Metastasis Evaluation

Since distant metastasis only seen in 3 percent of head, neck cancers, chest CT more cost-effective

New York State to Ban Flavored E-Cigarettes

Governor says flavored e-cigarettes account for 68 percent of those sold in New York

Colchicine May Improve Time to Clinical Deterioration in COVID-19

Significant improvement seen in time to clinical deterioration for hospitalized patients with COVID-19

More Comorbidities, Lower Mortality for Holocaust Survivors

Mean age at death significantly higher for survivors versus controls

July 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for July 2019. This roundup includes the...

MGUS Patients Have Higher Hospital Activity Before Diagnosis

Increased hospital activity unrelated to hematology seen for years before diagnosis

March 2020 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for March 2020. This roundup includes the...

Family Hx of Early MI Modifies Ovary Removal, CVD Link

Heart disease mortality up for women with FHPMI and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at younger age

Physical Therapy and Surgery Reduce Mixed Urinary Incontinence Symptoms

However, reduction in symptoms from addition of physical therapy may not be clinically important

New York State Institutes Ban on Flavored E-Cigarettes

Stores have two weeks to clear their shelves of the products

Fewer Blacks Use Aspirin Therapy for Primary Prevention of CVD

Low-dose aspirin linked to trend toward reduced risk for ischemic cardiac disease in whites, not blacks

Outcomes Poorer for Extreme Preemies Transferred After Birth

Outcomes worse for birth in nontertiary hospital, transfer within 48 hours versus birth in tertiary hospital

January 2020 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for January 2020. This roundup includes the...

Breast Cancer Diagnosis Delays Seen With High-Deductible Health Plans

Delays observed in first breast imaging, biopsy, incident early-stage breast cancer diagnosis, chemo

Troponin Assay Confusion May Cause Misdiagnosis of Acute MI

Overall, 5.4 percent of 20,000 patients had high-sensitivity troponin I concentration >40 ng/L

March 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

HIV Vaccine Ineffective, Clinical Trial Halted

NIH-sponsored trial was being conducted in South Africa

Sharing Clinical Notes Engages Ob-Gyn Patients

Patients report positive feedback and provide clinically meaningful corrections

Cases of Legionnaires’ Disease Tied to NC State Fair Rise to 25

Health authorities are looking at airborne droplets from water rides as a possible source of the outbreak

Robotic Surgery Saw 8.4-Fold Increase From 2012 to 2018

Immediate adoption at hospitals seen with decrease in traditional laparoscopic procedures

June 2020 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Health Care Screening Practices Impact Skin Cancer Diagnosis

Likelihood of being diagnosed with skin cancer increased for those undergoing health care screening

Out-of-Pocket Medical Expenditure Up for Cancer Survivors

More than 1 in 4 survivors report material hardship; more than 1 in 3 has psychological hardship

MMR Not Linked to Autism in Danish Cohort Study

No increased risk observed after MMR in those with sibling autism history, autism risk factors

Use of Biologics to Treat IBD in U.S. Adults May Be Suboptimal

While study design, methodology make comparisons difficult, adherence, continuation appear to be poor

Persistent Inflammation After Sepsis Linked to Higher Mortality

Persistent inflammation, immunosuppression linked to increased mortality and readmission after discharge

Adenovirus Type-5 Vectored COVID-19 Vaccine Shows Promise

ELISA antibodies and neutralizing antibodies increased at day 14, peaked at day 28

May 2020 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for May 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Disease-Modifying Drug Regimen May Offer Benefit in Heart Failure

Lower risk for cardiovascular death or hospital admission seen in HF with reduced ejection fraction

IDSA Issues Recommendations for COVID-19 Testing

Four-tier approach prioritizes ICU patients, those with symptoms and contact with a patient or travel history

Anti-Müllerian Hormone Predicts Time to Final Menstrual Period

AUC significantly greater for predicting FMP within next 24 months with AMH- versus FSH-based models

Breast Cancer Disparities Mostly Explained by Facility Factors

Findings based on analysis of white, black, and Hispanic patients in Chicago

Patients With COVID-19 Mount Acute Cortisol Stress Response

High cortisol concentrations associated with increased mortality, reduced median survival

Cancer Incidence Up in World Trade Center Responder Cohort

Incidence up for all cancer sites combined and for prostate cancer, thyroid cancer, leukemia

Impulsivity Lower When Children Meet Sleep, Screen Time Guides

Children who meet sleep and recreational screen time recommendations have lower impulsivity

Neonatal Morbidity Increased for Apgar Scores 7, 8, and 9

Odds of neonatal morbidity increase with drop in Apgar score from 10 at 5 minutes to 9 at 10 minutes

Nonprofit Funding by Cancer Type Not Proportional to Cancer Burden

Breast cancer, leukemia, lymphoma, pediatric cancers well-funded; GI, gynecologic cancers poorly funded

Few Oncologists Refer Patients to Weight Management Programs

Providers need more support to refer patients to weight management, physical activity programs

Trump Admin Announces Plan to Allow Drug Imports From Canada

Plan will start by exploring options for importing certain prescription drugs to lower costs for Americans

Drug Makers Challenge New Rule Requiring Drug Prices in TV Ads

Lawsuit against the rule filed Friday by Merck, Eli Lilly, and Amgen

Experts Develop Standardized Tool for Describing Cell Therapies

Consensus reached on contents of DOSES tool for improving standardization and transparency

Breast Cancer Surgery Found to Be Safe in Older Women

Serious adverse events in those 70 years and older found to be rare

Frailty May Up Fracture Risk in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes patients have higher frailty scores, which are tied to risk for incident fragility fractures

September 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

WHO Backpedals on Claim That Asymptomatic Transmission of New Coronavirus Is Rare

Agency states it was a 'misunderstanding' to say that transmission by people without symptoms is rare

Fruit-, Veggie-Rich Diet May Soon Lower Markers for Cardiac Injury

Healthy eating during eight weeks tied to lower levels of markers for subclinical cardiac damage, strain

Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Cuts Recall Rates

New technology also tied to an overall increase in cancer detection rate

September 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

T1DM May Up Progression of CAC During Menopausal Transition

Findings seen for progression of coronary artery calcium independent of other cardiovascular risk factors

Trained Alert Dogs Can Detect Impending T1DM-Related Events

In study, individual dogs' performance varied for detecting hypoglycemic episodes, hyperglycemia

CDC Releases First Data on Maternal Mortality Since 2007

Three reports show impact of addition of checkbox to improve identification of maternal mortality

Urinary Catheters Not Needed for Joint Replacement Surgery

There is no increased risk for adverse genitourinary complications without the catheter

Widowhood Tied to More Rapid Cognitive Decline Among Seniors

Rate of cognitive decline even faster among widowed participants with higher β-amyloid levels at baseline

Low Vitamin D Tied to Risk for Renal Hyperfiltration in Healthy Adults

Severe deficiency linked to increased prevalence of RHF in population with normal renal function

Antipsychotic Use Safer Than No Use in Schizophrenia

No increase seen in severe morbidity, hospitalization when compared with periods of nonexposure

Measles Case Leads to Quarantine of Cruise Ship in St. Lucia

Also, woman with measles attended a midnight screening of Avengers movie in Orange County, California

Lupus Affects Emotional, Mental Well-Being of Patients

Most patients report not having participated in a lupus clinical trial, despite interest

COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran Likely to Be Substantial

Estimated 18,300 COVID-19 cases in Iran had to have occured to observe reported internationally exported cases

Kawasaki-Like Disease More Common in Children of African Ancestry

Kawasaki-like inflammatory syndrome temporally linked to SARS-CoV-2 marked by GI symptoms

More Than One in Five Children in Home Confinement Report Depression

22.6, 18.9 percent of students in COVID-19-linked home confinement report depressive, anxiety symptoms

Obesity Prevalence Down in Young Children Enrolled in WIC

Prevalence decreased from 2010 to 2016 for children aged 2 through 4 enrolled in WIC

Atezolizumab-Bevacizumab Beats Sorafenib in Liver Cancer

Overall, progression-free survival longer with combo in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma

FDA Urges COVID-19 Survivors to Donate Plasma

Convalescent plasma has antibodies and could be used to treat severely ill COVID-19 patients

Digestive Symptoms Reported for About Half of COVID-19 Patients

Likelihood of being cured, discharged higher for patients without versus with digestive symptoms

Heart Disease May Up Risk for Allopurinol-Linked Cutaneous AEs

Risk for hospital admission increased for allopurinol-associated severe cutaneous adverse reactions

Incidence of VTE, Major Bleeding High in Primary CNS Lymphoma

VTE risk up with chemotherapy, radiation therapy; major bleeding risk up with PE, proximal DVT

Rituximab Beneficial in Secondary Progressive MS

Treatment with rituximab linked to lower Expanded Disability Status Scale score, delayed progression

Factors ID’d in Pregnancy Chances After Kidney Transplant

Likelihood of pregnancy after kidney transplant higher for Hispanic versus white women

Genetic Basis for Testosterone Levels Differs According to Sex

Genetically higher testosterone level generally benefits men, harms women in metabolic diseases

Maine Legalizes Assisted Suicide

Doctors can now prescribe lethal dose of a drug to terminally ill and it will not be legally a suicide

Quickly Reducing High Potassium Levels Improves Outcomes

Lower mortality seen in emergency department patients whose potassium is normalized quickly

Number of Nurse Practitioners More Than Doubled 2010 to 2017

Corresponding nationwide decrease of 80,000 registered nurses seen during same period

2011 to 2018 Saw Decline in Problems Paying Medical Bills

Percent of persons in families with problems paying bills higher for women, children, non-Hispanic blacks

Americans Report Concerns Over Their Mental Health During Pandemic

Counseling experts encourage activities to maintain connections and improve mental health

Marketing of Opioids Linked to Increased OD Mortality

Mortality from opioid overdoses up with increase in marketing value/capita, payments to doctors

Nutritional Deficiencies ID’d in Teens After Bariatric Surgery

Gastric bypass tied to greater nutritional disruption than vertical sleeve gastrectomy

Non-Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants May Be Best for Early-Stage CKD

Benefit-risk profile superior to vitamin K antagonists for early-stage chronic kidney disease

Postconditioning During PCI for STEMI Shows Delayed Benefits

Benefits at one year include reduced microvascular obstruction, improved left ventricular remodeling

Overweight, Obese Patients Rate Tummy Tuck Results Highly

Majority of patients stated they would undergo the procedure again, despite higher rates of complications

Prenatal Opioid Exposure Harms Long-Term Child Development

Negative effects on cognitive, motor outcomes seen from age 6 months persist to school age

Hormone Tx Not Tied to Change in Muscle Mass in Older Women

No significant beneficial or detrimental association seen in postmenopausal women

May 2020 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for May 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Rate of Opioid Prescribing High for Teens, Young Adults in ED

From 2005 to 2015, rate of opioid prescribing was 14.9 percent in ED; rates highest for dental pain

Late-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Often Misdiagnosed as Type 2

Almost one-third of people older than 30 when first diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have type 1

Rates of Liver Disease High Among World Trade Center Responders

Findings compared with nonresponders also being screened for lung cancer

Cancer Therapy-Associated Polyposis May Mimic CRC Predisposition

74 percent of TAP cases had clinical features suggesting at least one CRC predisposition syndrome