Discord Found in Clinician-, Criteria-Based Fibromyalgia Diagnosis

Physicians fail to ID half of criteria-positive patients, incorrectly ID 11 percent of criteria-negative patients

Endogenous Testosterone Linked to Cardiovascular Disease

Genetically predicted endogenous testosterone may have role in thromboembolism, heart failure, MI

Overall, Physicians Are Happy and Enjoy Their Lives

Relationships found to be key to happiness; having friends at work impacts physician happiness

ACOG: Interpregnancy Period Should Maximize Women’s Health

Components of postpartum care should be included as the initial components of interpregnancy care

Infective Endocarditis Related to Injection Drug Use Rising

Rise in admissions for infective endocarditis tied to injection drugs paralleled rise in hydromorphone rx

Nine Cases of Wound Botulism ID’d in Injection Drug Users

All patients used injection drugs; seven reported using black tar heroin and six practiced skin popping

February 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for February 2019. This roundup includes the...

Classification of Psoriasis Severity Depends on Definition

Authors call for international standardization defining moderate-to-severe psoriasis

Oncologists Have Low Awareness of LGBTQ Issues

However, oncologists overwhelmingly interested in learning more

FDA Panel Has Tie Vote on New Type 1 Diabetes Drug

Zynquista is a once-daily pill meant to help type 1 diabetes patients manage their blood glucose levels

Rotating Night Shift Work, Lifestyle Factors Linked to T2DM

Significant additive interaction identified for night shift work, unhealthy lifestyle for female nurses

Many Experience Improvement in Sex Life After Bariatric Surgery

About half of those reporting dissatisfaction at preop saw clinically meaningful improvement

Teens’ Social Media Use Does Not Predict Later Depression

Rather, teen girls with more depression symptoms may use social media more

January 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Certain Opioids Less Effective With SSRI Antidepressants

Surgical patients on SSRIs + prodrug opioids had higher postsurgical pain 8 weeks postdischarge

ASH: High Response to Tx After Checkpoint Blockade in NHL, HL

Immunotherapy boosts later therapy for relapsed, refractory non-Hodgkin, Hodgkin lymphoma

Long-Term Cardiomyopathy Risk Varies by Chemo Agent

Decreased risk seen for daunorubicin versus doxorubicin among survivors of childhood cancer

Melanoma Survival Varies Among U.S. States

Worse survival in states with more physicians; higher death rates in states with lower incidence

FDA: Teething Jewelry Linked to at Least One Infant Death

Threats from these products include choking, strangulation, injury to the mouth, infection

FDA: Fluoroquinolones Tied to Heart Vessel Ruptures, Tears

Patients at risk include those with hypertension or certain genetic disorders and the elderly

Heberden’s Nodes in Fingers Tied to Knee Osteoarthritis

Significant associations seen between presence of HNs and MRI measures of knee arthritis

January 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Pregnancy Complications Up for Women Born at Low Birth Weight

Risk greatest for women born with birth weight <2,500 g who develop overweight/obesity

Measles Outbreak in New York State Largest in Recent History

There has been an increase in measles cases across the United States and worldwide

Diagnostic Delays Common in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Overall, 68 percent of patients reported delay in diagnosis; delay more likely for UC versus Crohn disease

Tofacitinib Benefits Sustained for Two Years in Patients With RA

Safety, tolerability through 24 months was consistent with 12-month tofacitinib analysis

New BP Goals Could Prevent 3 Million CVD Events Over 10 Years

Maintaining ACC/AHA goals would result in fewer events than current BP levels, prior guideline goals

Flexible Schedules for Residents Do Not Affect Patient Mortality

No difference in average sleep time found for residents with flexible hours versus standard duty hours

Minimal Benefit for Decision Aid About Prolonged Ventilation

Web-based decision aid does not improve prognostic concordance between surrogates and physicians

Neoadjuvant PD-1 Blockade Seems Effective in Glioblastoma

Neoadjuvant pembrolizumab with adjuvant therapy after surgery linked to extended overall survival

Education Not Tied to Rate of Cognitive Change in Seniors

Education was not associated with onset, rate of accelerated decline before dementia diagnosis

WHO: Vaccine Hesitancy a Major Global Health Threat

Percentage of U.S. children 19 to 35 months who have not been vaccinated has quadrupled since 2001

Clinical Apps Up Quality of Care for Stable Ischemic Heart Disease

Tools offer clinical support for appropriate imaging, symptom assessment, patient education

1997 to 2014 Saw Large Hike in Screen Time for Ages 0 to 2

Television accounted for most screen time in children aged 0 to 2 and 3 to 5 years in 2014

Trastuzumab Tied to Higher Long-Term Risk for Heart Failure

Increased risk for heart failure seen in breast cancer survivors given trastuzumab rather than chemo alone

Value-Based Incentive Program Does Not Cut Catheter-Linked UTIs

VBIP implementation not linked with immediate changes or changes in trends for any outcome

Persistent Opioid Use High in Head, Neck Cancer Patients

Opioid use before treatment, tobacco use are risk factors for ongoing opioid use

Many EDs Do Not Have Pediatric Area, Emergency Care Coordinator

Other studies detail concerns about pediatric telemedicine use, grassroots intervention to up PECC use

ACC: Dietary Cholesterol Ups Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Findings show dose-response increase in risk for cardiovascular disease, all-cause mortality

New Model Helps Predict Patients Likely to Develop PTSD

Clinical assessment plus gender, education, trauma history predict PTSD likelihood

Depression Tied to Worse Asthma Outcomes in Urban Teens

More than a fourth with asthma reported depressive symptoms, greater symptom severity

Donor Heart Recovery From Drug-Intoxicated Deaths Has Increased

Campaigns promoting organ donation in populations affected by drugs have contributed to increase

CDC: Screening Policies for Critical Congenital Heart Dz Widespread

All 50 states, D.C. have implemented screening policies; data collection efforts have lagged

Ambient Air Pollution Exposure Linked to Sleep Apnea

Odds of sleep apnea increase with increase in nitrogen dioxide exposure, PM2.5 exposure

Direct-Acting Antivirals Not Tied to Liver Cancer Recurrence

Among patients with previous complete response to HCC tx, DAA not linked to overall or early recurrence

February 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Practices for Reducing COPD Hospital Readmissions Explored

Communication emphasized as well as consideration of readmission as proxy for other health factors

Costs, Expected Weight Loss Impact Bariatric Surgery Choice

Complications, recovery time, other risks less influential in decision making

ACC: Photoplethysmography Signal Can Detect Diabetes

AUC 0.722 for predicting prevalent diabetes in test dataset; negative predictive value 97 percent

Intermittent Fasts Plus Energy Restriction Best for Weight Loss

IF with 70 percent energy intake has better outcomes versus continuous diet restriction in obese women

Personalized Tx May Extend Life in CKD With Small Renal Tumors

Routine partial nephrectomy yielded longest life expectancy in patients with normal renal function

Increase Seen in Amphetamine, Opioid Use in Pregnant Women

Increase in amphetamine-, opioid-related deliveries disproportionate between rural vs. urban counties

Classroom Initiative Ups Participation in School Breakfast

But program has unintended consequence of increasing incidence, prevalence of obesity

Risk for Suicide Increased in Year After Cancer Diagnosis

Higher suicide rates observed for cancers with poor prognosis, including pancreatic, lung cancer

Improved Genetic Risk Score Aids Type 1 Diabetes Classification

Revised risk score also improves newborn screening versus HLA genotyping alone

Psychotherapy May Reduce Frequency of Nonepileptic Seizures

Adherence to psychotherapy linked to lower seizure frequency, higher quality of life, fewer ED visits

Reproductive Health Counseling Inadequate in IBD

Only 30 percent of patients reported prior counseling; most interested in receiving more information

Home Oxygen Users Experience Problems Related to Equipment

Health care providers report lack of readily accessible resources for prescription of oxygen systems

January 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for January 2019. This roundup includes the...

Machine Learning Methods Can Detect UTI in Dementia Patients

Research team used novel algorithms to ID early symptoms of health declines in dementia patients

Many Veterans Oppose Cessation of Colorectal Cancer Screening

More than one-quarter of those surveyed not comfortable with stopping low-value screening

Most Students Receiving Spectacles Wear Them at Follow-Up

Poorer presenting visual acuity and improvement in visual acuity with correction predict spectacle wear

Health Care Spending Per Person Increased to $5,641 in 2017

Spending per person increased 4.2 percent from 2016 to 2017; utilization increased 0.5 percent

Breast Cancer Diagnosis Delays Seen With High-Deductible Health Plans

Delays observed in first breast imaging, biopsy, incident early-stage breast cancer diagnosis, chemo

Radiographic Knee Osteoarthritis Tied to Increased Risk for Death

Risk higher for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, renal mortality; lower risk for cancer mortality

Women With CVD Have Worse Self-Reported Outcomes

Women with atherosclerosis also report lower aspirin, statin use and higher ED use versus men

OCT Imaging Needle Can Detect Blood Vessels in Neurosurgery

OCT probe integrated into standard brain biopsy needle IDs vessels with high sensitivity, specificity

Vaccine-Preventable Infections Common After Peds Transplant

These infections in organ transplant recipients associated with significant morbidity, mortality, costs

Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Can Reduce Benign Biopsy Rate

Fewer benign biopsies necessary with DBT compared with full-field digital mammography

About 360,000 ED Visits Were for Nonmedical Drug Abuse in 2016

More than half of estimated visits also involved nonpharmaceutical substances, including drugs, alcohol

Knowledge of Transgender Health Care Not Linked to Education

Transphobia among providers associated with knowledge of transgender, gender-diverse health care

Most Americans Concerned About Weight, Link to Heart Health

But many do not stick with weight-loss plans or talk with doctors about losing weight

High Levels of Activity, Motor Ability Linked to Better Cognition

Findings seen in older adults; independent correlations remained for those with Alzheimer disease

Recombinant Zoster Vaccine Cost-Effective in Simulation

Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio varied from $10,000 to $47,000 per QALY for RZV versus no vaccine

Antenatal Corticosteroid Tx Tied to Reduction in Birth Size

Reduction in birth size seen for infants born preterm, near term, or at term with ACT exposure

MRI-Guided Tx Strategy Not Superior for Rheumatoid Arthritis

No difference seen in proportion reaching primary end point versus conventional strategy

Incorrect Prescribing Alerts Common for Psychotropic Meds

One-third with electronic Rx system that provides alerts believe system provides incorrect warnings

Symptom Combos Suggesting Laryngeal Cancer Identified

10 features of laryngeal cancer with which patients presented in year before diagnosis identified

Kidney Stones Tied to Increased Renal Cell Carcinoma Risk

Risk increased for papillary RCC but not clear-cell RCC; risk for upper tract urothelial carcinoma increased

AAAAI: Exclusive Breastfeeding Not Linked to Eczema Risk

Exclusive breastfeeding for three months or longer tied to lower odds of continued eczema at 6 years

Short Regimen Noninferior for Rifampin-Resistant Tuberculosis

Short regimen of nine to 11 months noninferior to 20-month regimen following WHO guidelines

For-Profit Nursing Program Grads Perform Worse on Licensure Test

14-fold increase seen in the number of for-profit nursing program graduates from 2007 to 2016

Effect Sizes Uncertain for Meds Versus Placebo in Knee OA

Meta-analysis: large uncertainty versus placebo for all medications for pain relief

Small Increase in HbA1c Seen With Switch to Human Insulin in T2DM

No increase in serious hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia after switch from analogue to human insulin

Prenatal Vitamin Intake in Early Pregnancy May Cut Autism Risk

ASD risk down for children whose mothers took prenatal vitamins during first month of pregnancy

Long-Term Reduction in CRC Risk After Negative Colonoscopy

At 10-year rescreening interval, risks for colorectal cancer and related deaths significantly reduced

Mumps Outbreak Reported at Temple University

CDC says more than 2,000 cases of mumps in U.S. last year, 58 cases reported in January of this year

Rate of Opioid Rx Stable After Pediatric Outpatient Surgery

However, maximum available take-home dose steadily declined from 2013 to 2017

Lymphadenectomy Does Not Up Survival in Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Findings seen after intra-abdominal macroscopically complete resection with normal lymph nodes

Suicide Risk Up More Than Fourfold for Cancer Patients

Standardized mortality ratio highest for cancers of lung, head and neck, testes, bladder, Hodgkin lymphoma

Raspberries May Aid Glucose Control With Prediabetes

With higher raspberry intake, individuals at risk for diabetes needed less insulin to manage blood glucose

January 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Artificial Intelligence Predicts Survival in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Radiomic Prognostic Vector IDs patients with median overall survival of less than two years

Operative Treatment Seems Most Effective for Adult Lumbar Scoliosis

Nonoperative tx advised if patient satisfied with spine-related health; surgery may improve outcomes

CDC: Most Americans Report Excellent, Good Health

Most health measures remained stable from 2017; percent of adults who have been tested for HIV increased

Psoriasis Tx Linked to Drop in Noncalcified Coronary Plaque

Noncalcified plaque burden and necrotic core reduced in association with biologic therapy

Young Child Goes to ED for Medicine Poisoning Every 10 Minutes

Safe medicine storage in the home needs to begin well before infants are on the move

Postconditioning During PCI for STEMI Shows Delayed Benefits

Benefits at one year include reduced microvascular obstruction, improved left ventricular remodeling

Global Lifetime Risk for Stroke About 25 Percent in 2016

Estimated risk from age 25 years onward is 24.9 percent, with geographic variation in risk

Costs Higher for Those With Comorbid Noncommunicable Diseases

Health expenditure greater for person with two diseases simultaneously than for the diseases separately

Hypertensive Crisis Prevalent in Urban African-Americans

Prevalence of hypertensive crisis is 11.4 percent in this population

Long-Term Opioid Use With OA Varies Across States

Variance not fully explained by differences in access to health care providers or patient characteristics

CDC: Heart Attack Awareness Improved Since 2008

However, only about 50 percent of adults knew all five common heart attack symptoms in 2017

Oculomotor Response to Head Impacts Studied in Youth Football

Near point of convergence measured in players during a single high school football season

Timing of Medicare Loss Linked to Kidney Transplant Outcomes

Medication possession ratio lower for recipients with early, late Medicare loss versus no coverage loss

Less Invasive Method Safely IDs Epilepsy Surgical Candidates

Stereoelectroencephalography has better outcomes than subdural electrode implants in some cases

Tachycardia May Indicate Higher Mortality Risk in Cancer Patients

Tachycardia significantly predicts mortality in lung cancer, leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma

FDA Chief Threatens to Halt E-Cigarette Sales

Commissioner Gottlieb 'horrified' at the recent rise in teen use of e-cigarettes

p, p’-DDT Exposure Linked to Breast Cancer Through Age 54

Risk for breast cancer varies based on timing of first exposure, age at diagnosis

Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Eye Infections in Newborns Advised

USPSTF reaffirms use of antibiotic ointment to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum

February 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Induction for Late-Term Pregnancies at 41 Weeks Tied to Small Benefits

Study could not show noninferiority of expectant management; outcomes good with both strategies

Smaller Germinal Centers Identified in Recurrent Tonsillitis

Group A Streptococcus-specific CD4+ germinal center T follicular helper cells underrepresented

U.S. Food Supply May Be at Risk Due to Government Shutdown

Number of routine food inspections performed by the FDA dropped sharply

Adverse Birth Outcomes Up With Medically Assisted Reproduction

But risks are mainly attributable to factors other than medically assisted reproductive treatment

Washington State Measles Cases Now at 48 Since Jan. 1

Thirty-four cases involved children ages 1 to 10; 41 patients not vaccinated against measles

Artificial Intelligence System Can Triage Chest Radiographs

Average reporting delay reduced from 11.2 to 2.7 days for critical image findings in simulation

New York City Measles Outbreak Cases Reach 121

No deaths have occurred, but eight people have been hospitalized and one child ended up in ICU

Assessing Symptoms After 4 Weeks of Psychotherapy Helpful in Teens

Week 4 seems better than week 8 for assessing response, implementing treatment augmentation

Niraparib Extends Time Without Symptoms in Ovarian Cancer

Findings based on phase 3 study of maintenance therapy with PARP inhibitor following treatment

Low Vitamin D Tied to High Blood Glucose Levels in Women

Serum 25(OH)D level <30 ng/mL positively associated with blood glucose level ≥100 mg/dL

Low, High Levels of Physical Activity Tied to Reduced Mortality

All-cause mortality risk lower with 10 to 59 minutes of physical activity per week versus inactivity

2014 to 2017 Saw Improvement in Burnout for U.S. Physicians

Compared with other working adults and after adjustment, doctors still at increased risk for burnout

Death at 10 Years Similar With Bilateral-, Single-Artery CABG

No difference seen in rate of death from any cause at 10 years in intention-to-treat analysis

USPSTF Affirms Guidance for Hep B Screening at First Prenatal Visit

Evidence convincing that universal prenatal screening reduces perinatal transmission of HBV

Fruit, Vegetable Intake Very Low in Hemodialysis Population

Higher consumption of fruit and vegetables linked to lower risk for all-cause, non-CVD mortality

Price of Alirocumab Would Have to Be Cut to Be Cost-Effective

Price of alirocumab would have to decrease from original cost of $14,560 to $1,974 to be cost-effective

Exome Sequencing Beneficial for Pediatric Kidney Recipients

Whole-exome sequencing-related molecular genetic diagnosis can have implications for clinical care

Opioid Prescriptions Dropped for New Users From 2012 to 2017

Decline seen in number of providers initiating opioid therapy in any patients who have not used opioids

Intraoperative Methylprednisolone During Bypass Not Renal Protective

No decrease in acute kidney injury seen with intraoperative steroids during cardiopulmonary bypass

CDC: Weight, Waist Size, BMI Increased for Many U.S. Adults

1999-2000 to 2015-2016 saw increase in mean weight, waist circumference, BMI for many subgroups

Avoiding Full-Blown Diabetes Cuts Cardiovascular Risk

Early detection of prediabetes may reduce risk for developing cardiovascular disease

Many New Cancer Patients Unaware of Their Hepatitis Status

Large proportion of participants with newly diagnosed cancer learned of infection through study

Updated Guidelines Developed for Diagnosing, Treating Influenza

Rapid molecular assays should be used to improve diagnosis; antivirals should begin as soon as possible

Antidepressant Overprescribing Appears Common in Elderly

Overprescribing tied to newer antidepressants, non-face-to-face interactions with prescribers

Tumor Control Durable With Pembrolizumab in Merkel Cell Cancer

28 of 50 advanced MCC patients responded; 24-month overall survival rate was 68.7 percent

Doctors Question State Lawsuits Over Pelvic Mesh Products

Lawsuits claim Johnson & Johnson did not fully disclose safety risks of transvaginal mesh products

Cancer Risk Modestly Elevated With Chronic Kidney Disease

Lower eGFR linked to elevated cancer risk relative to eGFR of 90 to 104 mL/min

FDA Warns Americans Not to Buy Drugs From Canadian Company

CanaRx sells prescription medicines at a lower cost to U.S. public, private employer programs

Total Fertility Rates Vary by State

Total fertility rate for U.S. 16 percent less than number needed to replace population

Children Reaching Bone Maturity Earlier

In hand and wrist bones, epiphyseal fusion is initiated, completed earlier now than a century ago

FDA Approves First Generic Version of Epilepsy Drug Sabril

Generic equivalents held to same vigorous manufacturing standards as brand-name drugs

Three Factors Predict Psych Events With Drugs for Smoking Cessation

Anxiety, history of suicidal ideation/behavior, being white associated with higher risk for events

Many Female Health Care Workers Live in Poverty

Half of black and Latina female health care workers earn less than $15/hour

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, Feb. 22-25

The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology The annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology was held from Feb. 22...

ACC: Robust Evidence Lacking for Many Cardiovascular Guidelines

Few recommendations in cardiovascular society guidelines supported by evidence from multiple RCTs

Morning Exercise Linked to BP Reduction in Sedentary Seniors

Additional reduction seen in average systolic BP with combination of morning exercise and regular breaks

Sports Medicine Society Updates Concussion Guidelines

Guidance is for physicians who provide sports concussion care from acute injury to return-to-play

More High-Value Care Associated With Receipt of Primary Care

Increasing investment in primary care may improve value in the U.S. health care system

High Sodium Intake Associated With New Atrial Fibrillation

Cumulative proportional probability for AF events greatest for those in the highest quartile of salt intake

Delayed School Start Shows Benefits for Teens

Longer sleep time tied to better grades, some improvements in attendance

Income Volatility Linked to CVD, All-Cause Mortality

Increased risk seen with income volatility, more income drops during formative earning years

Risk for Breast Cancer Increased With False-Positive Screening Result

Increased risk for screen-detected and interval breast cancer persists for 12 years after false-positive result

Higher Salt Intake in DASH Diet Tied to More Lightheadedness

High sodium intake increased frequency, severity of lightheadedness with DASH diet, but not with control diet

AI Technology IDs Genetic Diseases by Analyzing Facial Photos

DeepGestalt technology better than doctors at identifying a range of genetic syndromes

January 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for January 2019. This roundup includes the...

Initiative Tied to Decreased Racial Inequity in Breastfeeding

Compliance with Ten Steps program linked to increased breastfeeding in African-Americans

ACC: Ultrasound Surgery May Help Control Blood Pressure

At six months, patients who underwent renal denervation used less medication to control BP

Advanced Echocardiographic Training Requirements Issued

At least nine cumulative months recommended to ensure exposure to necessary clinical experience

Many Systematic Reviews Do Not Fully Report Adverse Events

Of 146 protocols analyzed, 65 percent fully reported adverse events as intended by the protocol

Machine-Learning Models Allow Early Detection of Sepsis in NICU

Models using EHR data from infants in NICU can detect sepsis hours before clinical signs are apparent

Excessive Gestational Weight Gain Tied to Maternal Morbidity

Risk up but small absolute rate increases with weight gain of 1 to 19, 20 or more lbs above IOM guide

AAOS: Supplement Use Low in Patients With Osteoporosis, Hip Fracture

Non-Caucasian minorities less likely to receive proper supplementation

January 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for January 2019. This roundup includes the...

ACC: Catheter Ablation Does Not Cut Mortality, Stroke in A-Fib

But it is associated with more favorable quality-of-life end points at 12 months versus medical therapy

Vit C for Pregnant Smokers May Improve Newborn Lung Function

Newborn lung function improved as measured by forced expiratory flow at three months of age

Psychopathic Traits in Adulthood Up With Child Lead Exposure

Higher childhood blood lead levels linked to increase in general psychopathy

U.S. Doctor Monitored for Ebola Exposure in Nebraska Hospital

So far, the American has not shown any symptoms of infection from the virus

Genetic Testing Recommended for All Patients With Breast Cancer

All with personal history of breast cancer should be offered testing; updated testing recommended

Racial/Ethnic, Income Variation ID’d in the Opioid Epidemic

Study, two research letters describe opioid prescribing trends and interactions with race, age

Home Monitoring of Lung Function Feasible in Teens With Duchenne

Peak flow meter handheld device useful for adolescents with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

HPV Ups Cervical Cancer Risk, Even With No Cellular Signs

HPV-16/18 confers strong future risk, particularly in women younger than 30 years

Coronary Artery Calcium May Help Predict CVD in South Asians

CAC incidence similar in South Asian men versus white, black, Latino men; higher than Chinese

AAAAI: Egg Oral Immunotherapy Shows Sustained Benefit in Children

All children with sustained unresponsiveness ingested concentrated and baked egg

February 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Burnout, Satisfaction Vary With Age, Sex Among Neurologists

Sex does not independently predict burnout, fatigue, overall quality of life after controlling for age

Comorbid Neck Injury Up for Women With Concussion

For all concussion-related ED visits, odds of comorbid neck injury up for females ages 5 to 49

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Up With PCOS Regardless of BMI

PCOS one of most influential predictors of T2DM after adjustment for BMI, education, family history

Number of People With Dementia Rose Twofold From 1990 to 2016

Overall, 28.8 million disability-adjusted life years due to dementia; 6.4 million attributed to modifiable risks

February 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for February 2019. This roundup includes...

Anemia Criteria Assist Decision on Type of Colorectal Cancer Screen

Risk for proximal cancers low among patients without broad-definition anemia and/or abdominal mass

Shortage of Anxiety Drug Creates Alarm Among Patients, Doctors

Buspirone price has fallen so low that many manufacturers claim they cannot make a profit on it

Model Can Predict Survival in Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer

Model demonstrated good discrimination for 15-year prostate cancer-specific mortality in validation cohorts

Flu-Like Illness Tied to Increased Relative Mortality in ESRD

~1,000 deaths of kidney failure patients each year in U.S. may be attributable to seasonal influenza

Insulin Price More Than Doubled in the United States

Insulin spending rose from about $2,900 in 2012 to about $5,700 in 2016

Breast Cancer Disparities Mostly Explained by Facility Factors

Findings based on analysis of white, black, and Hispanic patients in Chicago

Risk Factors ID’d for Site Infection After Orthopedic Surgery in Seniors

Diabetes, morbid obesity, smoking, longer surgery, low albumin level up risk for surgical site infection

FDA: Gout Drug Uloric Increases Risk of Death

Medication is associated with increased risk of heart-related death and death from all causes

Core Language Skill Stable From Infancy to Adolescence

Consistency in core language skill is stable through childhood in typically, atypically developing children

Low-Income Women Lack Menstrual Hygiene Supplies

One in five low-income women in St. Louis cannot afford products on a monthly basis

FDA Approves First Generic Version of Advair for Asthma, COPD

Medication approved to treat children aged 4 or older with asthma, adults with asthma or COPD

Active Bathing in Non-ICU Setting Does Not Cut Infections

No change seen in risk for hospital-acquired infections overall; benefit seen for those with medical devices

FDA: Pulmonary Embolism Risk Up With Tofacitinib 10 mg for RA

Safety clinical trial shows risk for PE, death with 10-mg dose versus 5-mg dose, TNF inhibitor

U.S. Agencies Probing Johnson & Johnson Over Asbestos in Talc

Company has faced lawsuits linking its body powders with ovarian cancer or mesothelioma

Undisturbed Maternal Sleep Tied to Higher Risk for Late Stillbirth

Maternal sleep patterns have been overlooked as indicators of maternal, newborn health

Problems Identified With Gaps in EHR Functionality in Morning Rounds

Gaps in EHR design lead to workflow standardization issues, use of workarounds, team miscommunication

Subsymptom Threshold Exercise Speeds Concussion Recovery

Aerobic exercise prescribed during first week after sport-related concussion speeds recovery in teens

February 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

More Americans Reporting Less Than Six Hours Sleep Per Night

The number of Hispanics, blacks getting short sleep is growing at a fast rate

Average of 8.8 Inactive Ingredients Found in Oral Medications

Overall, 92.8 percent of oral solid medications contain at least one potential allergen