Direct-Acting Antivirals Not Tied to Liver Cancer Recurrence

Among patients with previous complete response to HCC tx, DAA not linked to overall or early recurrence

Comorbid Neck Injury Up for Women With Concussion

For all concussion-related ED visits, odds of comorbid neck injury up for females ages 5 to 49

Intensive BP Treatment Does Not Reduce Dementia Risk

But drop seen in risk for MCI and combined rate of cognitive impairment, probable dementia

Classification of Psoriasis Severity Depends on Definition

Authors call for international standardization defining moderate-to-severe psoriasis

Dupixent Approved for Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps

Clinical trials showed reduced nasal polyp size, congestion with Dupixent versus placebo

MRI Cardiac Stress Test Predicts Death From Heart Disease

Test has been underused and represents less than 1 percent of stress tests, study authors say

Need for Sedation Up for Regular Cannabis Users

Regular cannabis users undergoing endoscopic procedures need higher dose than nonusers

Thyroid Hormones Not Endorsed for Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Almost all adults with SCH would not benefit from treatment with thyroid hormones

March 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

Shorter Reproductive Span May Up Risk for Dementia in Women

Dementia risk increased for menarche age ≥16 versus 13.0 years, natural menopause at <47.4 years

HIV-Infected Cells Persist in CSF in Individuals on Long-Term ART

Cell-associated HIV DNA ID'd in CSF in nearly half of participants, tied to worse neurocognitive outcomes

Value-Based Incentive Program Does Not Cut Catheter-Linked UTIs

VBIP implementation not linked with immediate changes or changes in trends for any outcome

January 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Eye Drops, Ointments Sold at Walgreens Recalled

As a precautionary measure, Altaire is initiating the recall due to issues with product sterility

Many Nurses Believe in Sedation for Comfort of Ventilated Patients

This is despite clinical guidelines calling for limiting sedation of patients on mechanical ventilation

Available Vial Sizes Can Cut Drug Waste in Weight-Based Dosing

Vial preparation sizes can be optimized to reduce drug wastage, reduce costs

FDA Approves First Generic Version of Advair for Asthma, COPD

Medication approved to treat children aged 4 or older with asthma, adults with asthma or COPD

Bone Health in Older Adults Not Improved by High-Dose Vitamin D

25(OH)D concentration increases with supplements, but no difference in BMD changes among three doses

Lower Birth Weight May Up Risk for Psychiatric Disorders

ADHD, autism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression tied to birth weight in sibling pairs

Hand Hygiene Compliance Poor in Task Transitions

Hand hygiene compliance was 50.8 percent when health care workers moved from dirtier to cleaner tasks

CDC: Still No Source As E. Coli Outbreak Grows to 96 Cases

Outbreak affecting five states; no deaths reported, but 11 people have been hospitalized

Midlife Systemic Inflammation Linked to Later Cognitive Decline

Individuals with a midlife inflammation composite score in top quartile had 7.8 percent steeper decline

Shifting Pattern Seen for Primary Care Office Visits

Primary care physician visits down, but visits to nurse practitioners, physician assistants up

Microbes Tied to Pedicle Screw Loosening, Spinal Implant Failure

Low-virulent microorganisms detected using sonication on extracted hardware

FDA Approves First Gene Therapy for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Patients treated with Zolgensma have shown improvement in reaching developmental motor milestones

CDC Clarifies Guideline on Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Pain

Clarification pertains to opioid prescribing for cancer patients, cancer survivors, sickle cell disease

Racial Disparities Seen in Kidney Transplant for Highly Sensitized

Whites have advantage in transplant probability in calculated plasma reactive antibody categories 80 percent or higher

44.4 Million Estimated to Be Diagnosed With Cervical Cancer by 2069

From 2020 to 2069, 6.7 to 7.7 million cases could be averted by scaling up HPV vaccination by 2020

March 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

Prevalence of TV, Video Watching High, Stable 2001 to 2016 in U.S.

Increase seen in estimated prevalence of computer use outside school or work for one hour/day or more

Electronic Books Tied to Less Verbalization Among Parents, Toddlers

Pediatricians may want to promote shared reading of print books over electronic books

Syncope in Pregnancy May Up Risk for Adverse Outcomes

Syncope may be associated with adverse neonatal and maternal outcomes in first year postpartum

No Increase in Complications Seen With Abdominoplasty in Obese

Rates of perioperative complications no higher in obese than nonobese patients

AHA: Nearly Half of U.S. Adults Have Cardiovascular Disease

Forty-six percent of U.S. adults have hypertension

Repeat Tubal Procedures Up After Hysteroscopic Sterilization

Risk for additional tubal resection or ligation higher for hysteroscopic versus laparoscopic sterilization

Early Nerve Transfer Enables Hand Function After Spinal Cord Injury

Significant improvements seen in action research arm test, grasp release test 24 months postsurgery

Intensive Blood Pressure Therapy Aids Patients With T2DM

Overall death from any cause reduced, regardless of cardiovascular risk

Partner-Delivered HIV Self-Testing Can Up Linkage to Care

HIVST and reminder phone calls or financial incentives increase HIV testing, care

MRI-Guided Tx Strategy Not Superior for Rheumatoid Arthritis

No difference seen in proportion reaching primary end point versus conventional strategy

Altered Gut Microbiome Seen in Patients With Active Lupus

Patients with lupus had fivefold greater representation of Ruminococcus gnavus

Many Buprenorphine Prescribers Not Offering New Appointments

However, for those offering new appointments, wait times were not long to receive buprenorphine

FDA Receives an ‘F’ in Tobacco Prevention Report Card

American Lung Association releases State of Tobacco Control 2019 report

ICU Care for STEMI Associated With Improved Mortality Rates

Findings seen in patients who could have been treated in either the ICU or non-ICU unit

Messages for Increasing Parental Confidence in HPV Vaccine ID’d

Providing information on cancer prevention, avoiding expressing urgency increase parent confidence

Functional Milestones Identified for Persons With Down Syndrome

Most maintain personal hygiene by age 13, work independently by 20; 34 percent live independently

Fruit, Vegetable Intake Very Low in Hemodialysis Population

Higher consumption of fruit and vegetables linked to lower risk for all-cause, non-CVD mortality

Frequent Fried Food Intake Increases Risk for Coronary Artery Disease

Dose-dependent relationship seen in a large national cohort of U.S. veterans

MEESSI-Acute Heart Failure Risk Score Validated

MEESSI-AHF has excellent discrimination for predicting 30-day mortality with c-statistic of 0.80

Model Predicts Counties at Risk for Measles Outbreak

Counties identified as being at risk should be targeted for enhanced surveillance, vaccination

Hearing Loss Linked to Subjective Cognitive Function Decline

Findings seen in older men; risk for SCF decline also up for men with severe hearing loss using hearing aids

Daily Cannabis Use More Common in Distressed Individuals

But use increasing among those with and without past-month serious psychological distress

High Incarceration Rates Tied to More Drug-Related Deaths

Findings based on U.S. county-level data, independent of opioid prescription rates

April 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for April 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

AAN: Sleep Apnea Tied to Higher Cortical Tau Levels in Seniors

Estimated 0.049 elevation seen in the entorhinal cortex tau standardized uptake value ratio

February 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

January 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

FDA: First Treatment Approved Specifically for Postpartum Depression

Zulresso administered by IV infusion over 60-hour period; patients must be monitored during infusion

ACC: Antibacterial Envelope Can Reduce CIED Infections

Incidence of major cardiac implantable electronic device infections significantly lower with envelope

Many Children Not Receiving Needed Mental Health Treatment

About half of the 7.7 million children with at least one mental health disorder did not receive treatment

Treating Depression May Reduce Mortality in Diabetes Patients

Mortality risk lower in patients with diabetes and depression who received antidepressants

High-Quality, Plant-Based Diet Tied to Lower Risk for CVD Mortality

No association seen for quality of plant-based diet and cancer-related deaths

2011 to 2015 Saw Increase in Psychiatric ED Visits for Youth

Largest increases in emergency department visits seen for teens, African-Americans, Hispanic patients

June 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for June 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Nusinersen Promising for Later-Onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Phase 1/2 studies reveal long-term improvement in motor function for children with SMA type II and III

Young Male Adults Have Lower Cancer Burden Than Women

Incidence of all invasive cancers decreased among men aged 20 to 49 years, increased in women

CDC: U.S. Measles Cases Reach 1,044

Cases in 2019 now highest since 1992 and since the disease was declared eliminated in the U.S.

Odds of Receiving Tx for CAD Up With Medicare Advantage

However, no significant difference seen in intermediate outcomes for those enrolled in MA, FFS Medicare

Gender Gap Seen in Accessing Alcohol Treatment With Cirrhosis

Women less likely to be treated than men; treatment visit, medication tied to improved one-year outcomes

Medicare Patients With MS Face Higher Out-of-Pocket Rx Costs

Projected cumulative out-of-pocket spending for disease-modifying therapies for 2019 was $6,894

Obesity Prevalence Down in Young Children Enrolled in WIC

Prevalence decreased from 2010 to 2016 for children aged 2 through 4 enrolled in WIC

Ambiguous Genitalia in Newborns Not Uncommon

Ratio of prematurity, small for gestational age higher in newborns with disorders of sex development

Cognitive Scores After Kidney Transplant Tied to Frailty

Cognitive function first improved then declined 1 to 4 years after transplant in frail recipients

CDC: Workplace Absenteeism High in 2017/2018 Flu Season

Peak level was significantly higher than the average during previous five influenza seasons

CDC: Seniors Use Various Strategies to Reduce Rx Costs

Overall, 4.8 percent have not taken meds as prescribed; 17.7 percent have asked for lower-cost medication

Fewer Complications Found With Hybrid Surgery for Esophageal Cancer

Incidence of intraoperative, postoperative complications lower in resectable esophageal cancer

Patients Find Note Reading Important for Health Management

Few patients very confused or more worried after reading clinicians' outpatient visit notes

AAN: Oral BTK Inhibitor Superior to Placebo in Multiple Sclerosis

Fewer enhancing lesions seen in weeks 12 to 24 for 75 mg evobrutinib once daily versus placebo

Temporary Impairment in HRQOL After Teen Sports Concussion

Worse cognitive HRQOL and clinically meaningful impairment in school and overall HRQOL observed

Hypertensive Crisis Prevalent in Urban African-Americans

Prevalence of hypertensive crisis is 11.4 percent in this population

FDA Grants Approval for Hypogonadism Treatment

Jatenzo indicated for men with low testosterone due to certain conditions

CDC: First Confirmed ID of ‘Kissing Bug’ in Delaware

Triatoma sanguisuga insect can transmit parasite that causes Chagas disease

March 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for March 2019. This roundup includes...

Analysis IDs Messages Behind Antivaccination Comments

Four distinct subgroups of comments were identified: trust, alternatives, safety, and conspiracy

Elevated Risk for Lung CA in Lung Transplant Recipients Explored

13-fold increased risk found in native lung for those receiving single lung transplant

EEG May Detect Brain Activation in Some Unresponsive Patients

Clinically unresponsive brain-injured patients with EEG response to spoken commands might improve

Stewardship Intervention Can Cut Inappropriate Rx by a Third

Findings observed for acute respiratory infection in emergency departments and urgent care centers

Adrenal Incidentalomas Rarely Grow, Change Hormone Function

Such tumors may increase risk for comorbid cardiometabolic conditions

Wait Times Have Improved in VA Health Care System

Wait times similar to private sector in 2014 but shorter overall and in some specialties in 2017

Complex Dosing, Polypharmacy Common With Interstitial Lung Disease

Patients receiving systemic corticosteroids are at high risk for drug-disease interactions

Triclosan Exposure May Lower Bone Mineral Density in Women

Osteoporosis in intertrochanter more likely in women with high urinary triclosan concentration

Recommendations Developed to Prepare Children for Camp

Parents should discuss camper health needs with camp staff before enrolling their children

Lower Self-Perception Observed in Children With Amblyopia

Mean peer acceptance, physical competence scores lower at ages 3 to 7 compared with controls

Risk Profiles ID’d for Patients With Transplant Glomerulopathy

Five groups of patients with distinct features and outcomes identified using machine learning approach

Functional Decline Seen for Many Frail Patients After TAVR, SAVR

Older patients with severe frailty often have decline or lack of improvement after the procedures

Fewer Complications After MIRS Introduced for Endometrial Cancer

Introduction of minimally invasive robotic surgery linked to reduced odds of severe complications

Genetic Research Results May Warrant Updates to Participants

Participants should be recontacted in some cases of new information about variant, newly ID'd variants

Female Radiation Oncologists Receive Lower Medicare Reimbursement

Compared with male counterparts, they submit fewer charges and are reimbursed less

Focus on Ovarian Cancer Surgical Volume May Not Be Best Metric

Minimum-volume standards could restrict care at many centers with better-than-expected outcomes

FDA Panel Backs Ketamine-Like Drug for Depression

Esketamine is a nasal spray that targets different pathways in the brain than other antidepressants do

May 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for May 2019. This roundup includes...

Practices for Reducing COPD Hospital Readmissions Explored

Communication emphasized as well as consideration of readmission as proxy for other health factors

Stroke Hospitalizations Down in Black, White Medicare Enrollees

Black men and women have experienced greater improvements in 30-day poststroke mortality

Colorectal Cancer Incidence Increasing in Younger Adults

Despite overall decline or stabilization, increase seen for young adults in some high-income countries

Burden of Sudden Cardiac Death Higher in Black Men, Women

Known factors explain 65.3 percent of excess SCD risk in African-Americans, especially women

Decreased Air Pollutants Linked to Less Childhood Asthma

Lower asthma incidence tied to decreases in NO2, PM2.5; no link found for ozone, PM10

Sexual-Minority Patients Prefer Nonverbal Data Collection

Collecting sexual orientation and gender identity info nonverbally in ED improved communication

High Rates of MenB Vaccination Advised in University Outbreaks

Estimated first-dose vaccination coverage varied from 14 to 98 percent in 10 university outbreaks

School Performance Down With Adverse Childhood Experiences

Negative school outcomes reduced after adding protective factors into same model as ACEs

Bariatric Embolization Feasible for Treatment of Severe Obesity

Bariatric embolization results in weight loss for up to 12 months, increase in quality of life

2011 to 2015 Saw Drop in Delayed Discharge Rates After TAVR

Rates of discharge decreased beyond 72 hours after transcatheter aortic valve replacement

Greater Long-Term Decline in Stroke Seen Among Older Adults

Continued focus on prevention efforts needed to lower risk for midlife ischemic strokes

Adopted Children Should Undergo Comprehensive Health Evaluation

Evaluation should include medical history review, complete physical examination, diagnostic testing

Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement Model Cuts Costs

Institutional spending decreased more in hospitals in treatment areas versus control areas

Migraine Prevalence Up for Food-Insecure Young Adults

Odds of migraine higher for food-insecure versus food-secure in unadjusted, adjusted analyses

Abdominal Etching Procedure Gives Patients ‘Six-Pack Abs’

Power-assisted liposuction can be used to sculpt the abdomen in both men and women

Total Fertility Rates Vary by State

Total fertility rate for U.S. 16 percent less than number needed to replace population

CDC: Superbug Fungus Has Sickened 600 Americans

Candida auris can survive on surfaces after routine cleaning and is often drug-resistant

ACC: New Guidelines Issued for Primary Prevention of CVD

Guidelines emphasize promotion of healthy lifestyle, including healthy diet, exercise, weight loss

Statins Safe, Effective in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

However, cardiovascular event rates are low, do not require a primary prevention strategy for all patients

Exposure to Air Pollution May Impact Children’s Cognitive Abilities

Deficits seen in working memory, executive attention after prenatal, early childhood exposure

Low Scam Awareness May Indicate Alzheimer Risk in Seniors

Increased risk for Alzheimer dementia, mild cognitive impairment seen with low scam awareness in seniors

Recent Nasal Preps Less Effective Than Injected Vax for Flu in Kids

Quadrivalent live attenuated flu vaccine less effective than inactivated vaccine for influenza A/H1N1pdm09

Incidence of Parkinson Disease Increased in Bipolar Disorder

High frequency of psychiatric admissions for manic/mix, depressive episodes linked to increased risk for PD

Guidelines Issued for Addressing Heart Disease Risk in HIV

Individuals with HIV have significantly higher rates of CVD, may have underuse of statins, antithrombotics

March 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Emgality Receives First FDA Approval for Treating Cluster Headache

Patients treated with Emgality had 8.7 fewer cluster headache attacks at 3.0 weeks versus 5.2 with placebo

Combat Application Tourniquet Suitable for Use in Children

CAT successfully occluded arterial blood flow in all upper extremities, 93 percent of lower extremities

Mammogram Benefits Seen as More Important Than Harms

Perception varies by knowledge of latest recommendations, date of last mammogram

Psychostimulant Use Pervasive in Young Adults’ Fatal Strokes

In cases of hemorrhagic stroke among young adults, psychostimulant use should be considered

Supply of Opioids Predicts Long-Term Use in Injured Workers

Odds of long-term opioid use up with initial Rx for five- to nine-day supply versus supply of less than five days

Disability Often Precedes Rheumatoid Arthritis Diagnosis

Functional disability continues even after diagnosis and treatment

Sinks by Toilets in ICU Patient Rooms Harbor Harmful Bacteria

Klebsiella pneumonia carbapenemase more common in sinks near toilets

ACC: Catheter Ablation Does Not Cut Mortality, Stroke in A-Fib

But it is associated with more favorable quality-of-life end points at 12 months versus medical therapy

Methotrexate Well Tolerated, Effective for Psoriasis in Chinese

Greater therapeutic response, fewer adverse events seen in those without psoriatic arthritis

ADA: Teplizumab Can Delay T1DM Progression in Those at Risk

Median time to type 1 diabetes diagnosis 48.4 months with teplizumab and 24.4 months with placebo

Immunizations Up in California After Repeal of Nonmedical Exemptions

At the same time, there was a sharp increase in medical exemptions in a few California counties

Low-Dose Aspirin Does Not Cut Death From Prostate Cancer

But during extended exposure periods of at least five years, low-dose aspirin may cut mortality

Domestic Responsibilities Tied to Physician Mothers’ Satisfaction

Being responsible for at least five tasks linked to desire to change career for moms in procedural specialties

Burnout, Satisfaction Vary With Age, Sex Among Neurologists

Sex does not independently predict burnout, fatigue, overall quality of life after controlling for age

Predictors of Recovery After Brain Injury Identified

Years after traumatic brain injury, patients still perform significantly worse on cognitive measures

January 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Risks, Benefits of Long-Term Drug Therapy for Osteoporosis Reviewed

Position paper outlines research gaps for clinical management of long-term osteoporosis drug therapy

January 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Recurrence Score May Cut Costs for High-Risk Breast Cancer Care

Testing with 21-gene assay linked to lower relative, absolute costs among high-risk patients

March 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Eating Breakfast Tied to Lower Risk for Death From CVD

Mortality risk related to cardiovascular disease 87 percent higher among those who never eat breakfast

Adherence to Prenatal Screening Recommendations Varies by Lab

Laboratories vary in the extent to which they meet ACMG position statement recommendations

Readmission Rates Vary Little Among Primary Care Doctors

One of 4,230 PCPs had readmission rate that was significantly above the mean

Women With CVD Have Worse Self-Reported Outcomes

Women with atherosclerosis also report lower aspirin, statin use and higher ED use versus men

Doctors Aware of Patient Difficulties Affording Medical Care

Three-quarters of doctors surveyed say they consider out-of-pocket costs when making clinical decisions

More Vascular Risk Factors Tied to Worse Brain Health

Most consistent associations across brain measures seen with smoking pack years, hypertension, DM

Vitamin K Can Up Anticoagulation Stability in Patients on Warfarin

Findings seen in warfarin-treated patients with history of international normalized ratio instability

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Tied to Coronary Heart Disease Risk

Association between VO2peak and coronary heart disease crosses the fitness continuum

Body Size, Physical Activity Could Impact Odds of Reaching 90

In women, height, BMI at age 68 to 70, and change in BMI impact odds of reaching longevity

Wireless Sensor System Feasible for Monitoring Vital Signs in NICU

Operation possible when immersed in water and compatible with essential medical imaging

Performance Improvement Sustained After DBT Adoption

Early improvement after adoption of digital breast tomosynthesis seen regardless of DBT volume

Late Preterm Steroid Therapy Found to Be Cost-Effective

Compared with no tx, costs lower when high-risk women given betamethasone in late preterm period

February 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Medical Scribes Up Productivity for Emergency Medicine Doctors

Primary consultations/hour increased, median length of stay reduced with use of scribes

Hospitalized Pneumonia Patients Often Get Excess Antibiotics

Vast majority of excess treatment occurs with antibiotics prescribed at discharge

Experts Develop Standardized Tool for Describing Cell Therapies

Consensus reached on contents of DOSES tool for improving standardization and transparency

About 12 Percent With Ankle Sprain Fill Opioid Prescriptions

Among opioid-naive patients, 8.4 percent of those who filled an initial opioid Rx had persistent use

Events for Living Kidney Donors Mainly Occur After Two Years

Overall, 90.2 percent of the events that took place two or more years after donation were nonsurgical

Aspiration Noninferior to Stent Retriever for Clot Removal

Direct aspiration is equally effective for large-vessel occlusion stroke, with lower device costs

Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Shortage Looming

White paper calls for research on practice and policy to support maximizing contributions of PNPs

Physician Burnout Rate Increased From 2014 to 2017

Early-career physicians most susceptible to burnout; late-career physicians less vulnerable

January 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for January 2019. This roundup includes the...

Glucocorticoid Tapering Feasible for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Findings observed in patients achieving low disease activity, remission while receiving tocilizumab

Oral Aspirin Does Not Up FIT Test Sensitivity for ID’ing CRC

Sensitivity not significantly increased in aspirin versus placebo group at two cutoffs

Short Regimen Noninferior for Rifampin-Resistant Tuberculosis

Short regimen of nine to 11 months noninferior to 20-month regimen following WHO guidelines

USPSTF Urges Asymptomatic Bacteriuria Screen in Pregnancy

No evidence seen for benefits of screening nonpregnant women or men for asymptomatic bacteriuria

Androgen Deprivation Therapy May Up Risk of Alzheimer Disease

ADT exposure linked to subsequent Alzheimer disease diagnosis among elderly men at eight years

Guidance Offered for Managing Therapies in Children With Disability

Determining appropriate therapy dose is mainly subjective; provider should identify goals of therapy

Patient Hand Contamination With Drug-Resistant Organisms Common

Link seen between patient hand contamination with resistant organisms and room surface contamination

Frailty May Up Fracture Risk in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes patients have higher frailty scores, which are tied to risk for incident fragility fractures

May 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for May 2019. This roundup includes the...

Pregnancy History Not Likely Tied to Later Cognitive Function

Authors say childbearing decisions and timing have no long-term impact on cognitive function

Racial/Ethnic, Income Variation ID’d in the Opioid Epidemic

Study, two research letters describe opioid prescribing trends and interactions with race, age

March 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Dolutegravir Feasible for HIV Tx in Women of Childbearing Age

Risk for neural tube defects offset by fewer deaths among women, decreased sexual HIV transmission

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Tied to Lower Risk for Lung Cancer, CRC

For those diagnosed with lung cancer, CRC, higher CRF tied to lower risk for subsequent death

February 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

May 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

CDC: Most Black HIV Patients Interviewed for Partner Services

78 percent of partners identified were notified of potential exposure; 47 percent were tested for HIV

Evidence on ED Diversion Strategies Inconclusive

But prehospital diversion does not seem to decrease proportion of patients transferred to ED

ACC: Long-Term Outcomes for MI Similar at ≤40, 40 to 50

Patients aged 40 years or younger have increased rates of substance abuse compared with older patients

Over Half of Patients Have Suboptimal Response to Statins

Suboptimal responders have increased risk for incident cardiovascular disease

Delayed EMS Response Time Tied to Mortality After Car Accident

Longer emergency medical services response increases motor vehicle crash mortality in urban, rural settings

Miscarriage Risk Strongly Tied to Age, Pregnancy History

Miscarriage has strong recurrence risk that increases with the number of miscarriages

U.S. Measles Cases Already Top Last Year’s Total

387 reported cases in 15 states as of March 28

Recommendations Updated for Tonsillectomy in Children

Strong recommendations presented against administering perioperative antibiotics, codeine after tonsillectomy

Chronic Distress After Heart Attack Ups Risk for Death

Findings observed among patients with persistent emotional distress for more than one year, not short-term distress

Black-White Cancer Mortality Gap Decreasing in Some Age Groups

Cancer deaths rates decreasing faster for black men and women vs. white men and women in U.S.

AACR: HPV Vax Low for Adults at High Risk for HIV Infection

Age, sex, sexual orientation differences in HPV vaccination rates were statistically significant

Oculomotor Response to Head Impacts Studied in Youth Football

Near point of convergence measured in players during a single high school football season

Oral Contraceptive Pill May Protect Against ACL Tears

Risk for acute cruciate ligament reconstruction reduced while on OCP, especially for 15- to 19-year-olds

Nursing Intervention Promotes Better Sleep for Inpatients

Nighttime room entries reduced in unit where nurses received coaching, integrated SIESTA

Guidelines for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria Updated

Screening for, treating ASB not recommended for infants, children, functionally impaired seniors

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning May Have Neuroprotective Effects

Dynamic cerebral autoregulation increased six hours after RIPC, lasts for at least 24 hours

Diminished HRQOL More Likely Among Transgender Adults

Transgender adults report more days of combined poor physical and mental health, activity limitation