Topical Corticosteroids Associated With Higher Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Dose-response relationship observed in large European cohort

Morbidity Low With Focal Laser Ablation of Prostate Cancer

Tumor diameter above the median was only significant predictor for positive MRI after treatment

Radical Hemithoracic Radiation Tx Ups Survival in Mesothelioma

Higher overall survival seen at two years in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma

ACS Sets Goal to Cut Cancer Mortality 40 Percent by 2035

Goal based on decrease in overall cancer death rates at pace seen among college graduates

New Lesions ID’d on Breast MRI During Treatment Likely Benign

New suspicious lesions detected on breast MRI during neoadjuvant therapy are more likely benign

Single-Family Rooms May Benefit Very Preterm Infants

Reduced sepsis, increased breastfeeding rates observed; no difference in neurodevelopment vs. open bay units

Accidental IV Dislodgement Reported to Be Very Common

Top 3 causes were confused patient, removal of catheter by patient, tape or securement loose

Children Reaching Bone Maturity Earlier

In hand and wrist bones, epiphyseal fusion is initiated, completed earlier now than a century ago

Poll: Many Adults Worried About Developing Dementia

But only 5 percent of respondents reported discussing prevention with doctor

Many Children Not Following Toothbrushing Recommendations

Almost 80 percent start brushing later than recommended; 34.2 percent brush just once a day

Low Vitamin D Tied to Risk for Renal Hyperfiltration in Healthy Adults

Severe deficiency linked to increased prevalence of RHF in population with normal renal function

Medicaid Reimbursement for Breast Radiation Varies by State

Across 48 states and D.C., total episode reimbursement varied from $2,945 to $15,218

About One-Quarter of Seniors Store Firearms Unlocked, Loaded

No difference seen in prevalence of mental distress, memory loss by household firearm ownership, storage

March 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Mindfulness Yoga Aids Patients With Parkinson Disease

Effects similar to those of stretching and resistance training for motor dysfunction, mobility

High-Quality, Plant-Based Diet Tied to Lower Risk for CVD Mortality

No association seen for quality of plant-based diet and cancer-related deaths

Core Language Skill Stable From Infancy to Adolescence

Consistency in core language skill is stable through childhood in typically, atypically developing children

AHA: Nearly Half of U.S. Adults Have Cardiovascular Disease

Forty-six percent of U.S. adults have hypertension

March 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for March 2019. This roundup includes the...

Trastuzumab Tied to Higher Long-Term Risk for Heart Failure

Increased risk for heart failure seen in breast cancer survivors given trastuzumab rather than chemo alone

CDC Provides Clarification of Opioid Prescribing Guideline

Misapplication of the guideline can put patient health and safety at risk

Risk Factors ID’d for Site Infection After Orthopedic Surgery in Seniors

Diabetes, morbid obesity, smoking, longer surgery, low albumin level up risk for surgical site infection

Readmission Rates Vary Little Among Primary Care Doctors

One of 4,230 PCPs had readmission rate that was significantly above the mean

Expanded Recall of Warfarin Level Monitoring Test Strips

Inaccurate results may put patients at risk for serious injury or death

EMS Treatment for Possible Heart Attack Varies by Sex

Women less likely to receive aspirin, resuscitation, ambulance transport with lights and siren

American Academy of Dermatology, March 1-5

The American Academy of Dermatology The annual meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology was held from March 1 to 5 in Washington, D.C., and...

Sleep Duration Tied to Adverse Measures of Glycemia

Findings seen among adults with prediabetes or recently diagnosed, untreated type 2 diabetes

FDA Approves New Generic Valsartan to Ease Shortage

Certain lots of valsartan recalled due to contamination with trace amounts of nitrosamine

Antenatal Corticosteroid Tx Tied to Reduction in Birth Size

Reduction in birth size seen for infants born preterm, near term, or at term with ACT exposure

Few Teens Meet Sleep, Exercise, Screen-Time Guidelines

Odds of meeting all three recommendations vary by age, race/ethnicity, BMI, marijuana use

Serious Medical Outcomes Reported With Kratom Exposure

More than half of first-ranked exposures result in serious medical outcome

Moderate Drinking Not Harmful for Seniors With Heart Failure

Compared with abstinence from alcohol, increased survival seen with moderate drinking

Pediatricians Should Encourage Fish Consumption for Children

Fish have favorable nutrient profile versus other animal proteins; for most types, benefits outweigh risks

Predictors of Kidney Stone Recurrence Identified

Risk for recurrence within 5 years varies with risk factors, past episodes, time since last episode

Temporary Impairment in HRQOL After Teen Sports Concussion

Worse cognitive HRQOL and clinically meaningful impairment in school and overall HRQOL observed

Transdermal HRT Not Linked to Increased Risk for VTE

But oral estrogen-only and combined hormone replacement tx tied to venous thromboembolism risk

Skin Diseases Appear to Be Underdiagnosed

Majority of affected participants in a random sample in Germany were unaware of their conditions

Most At-Risk Opt Out of Genetic Testing for Huntington Disease

Lack of cure, inability to 'undo knowledge' primary reasons for not going through with testing

Amyloid PET Linked to Changes in Management for MCI, Dementia

Change in management between pre-, post-PET visits for 60.2 and 63.5 percent with MCI, dementia

February 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

1997 to 2014 Saw Large Hike in Screen Time for Ages 0 to 2

Television accounted for most screen time in children aged 0 to 2 and 3 to 5 years in 2014

Healthy Diet Tied to Lower Odds of Physical Impairment in Men

Findings seen for higher intake of vegetables, nuts, legumes, and lower intake of meat, sugary drinks

Hypertensive Crisis Prevalent in Urban African-Americans

Prevalence of hypertensive crisis is 11.4 percent in this population

Prediction Rule IDs Febrile Infants 0 to 2 Months Old at Low Risk for...

Rule relies on clinical information, absolute neutrophil count, procalcitonin, urinalysis results

U.S. Death Rate From Drug Poisoning Up for Teens, Young Adults

Significant increases seen in rates for whites, Asian/Pacific Islanders, blacks; in Midwest and Northeast

Longer Duration of Statin Use Linked to Lower Risk for Glaucoma

Self-reported high cholesterol levels without statin use tied to higher glaucoma risk

Medical Scribes Up Productivity for Emergency Medicine Doctors

Primary consultations/hour increased, median length of stay reduced with use of scribes

Many Patients Still Employ Strategies to Reduce Prescription Drug Costs

33.6 percent of patients reported not taking medication as prescribed to reduce costs

February 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Structured Family-Centered Peds Rounds Improve Patient Safety

Forty percent decrease seen in harmful errors; decrease also in nonpreventable adverse events

Replacing 30 Minutes of Sitting With Activity May Cut Mortality

Link most strong among least active adults; no association seen among most active adults

Prices Will Soon Be Included in TV Drug Ads

Regulations will require companies to disclose prices of meds costing more than $35 for a month's supply

More People Worldwide Now Know Their HIV Status

However, millions of people still do not know their status and do not have a suppressed viral load

Exfoliation Syndrome May Up Risk for COPD

Survival improved with COPD and exfoliation syndrome versus COPD alone

Global Lifetime Risk for Stroke About 25 Percent in 2016

Estimated risk from age 25 years onward is 24.9 percent, with geographic variation in risk

Total Thyroidectomy Improves HRQoL in Hashimoto Thyroiditis

Improvement in HRQoL, fatigue for patients with persistent symptoms despite normal thyroid gland function

Postoperative Infection Rate Similar Across Biologics in RA

Glucocorticoid use ups risk for hospitalized infection, prosthetic joint infection after arthroplasty

School Nutrition Programs Slow BMI Gains in Children

Promoting healthier eating in middle school more effective than adding physical activity

More Severe Injuries Sustained at Jump Parks Versus Home Trampolines

Proportion of fractures/dislocations, lower-extremity fractures, fractures in adults higher at jump parks

Abdominal Etching Procedure Gives Patients ‘Six-Pack Abs’

Power-assisted liposuction can be used to sculpt the abdomen in both men and women

Measures May Predict Metabolic Syndrome in Older Adults

Best performance seen with sagittal abdominal diameter, SAD/height, and conicity index

February 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for February 2019. This roundup...

11 Million Deaths Attributable to Poor Diet in 2017

Leading dietary risk factors for deaths, DALYs include high sodium intake, low intake of whole grains

Microbial Features ID’d for Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Microbial and metabolic features can differentiate preadolescent children with IBS from controls

California Couple Awarded $2 Billion in Roundup Lawsuit

Bayer, parent company of Monsanto, maintains glyphosate, main ingredient in Roundup, is safe

Scientology Cruise Ship Passengers, Crew Still Under Quarantine

Affected crew member, who was immediately isolated after showing symptoms, has since recovered

Most Osteoporosis Guidelines Do Not Discuss Patient Choices

When patient beliefs, values, preferences are cited, they are not usually supported by evidence

Blood Test Offers Early Warning for Kidney Transplant Rejection

Monitoring for certain genes in peripheral blood samples might predict rejection before it occurs

Intermittent Fasts Plus Energy Restriction Best for Weight Loss

IF with 70 percent energy intake has better outcomes versus continuous diet restriction in obese women

1998 to 2015 Saw Increase in Outpatient Depression Treatment

Proportion using psychotherapy decreased; proportion receiving drugs remained stable

Standard Outcome Measures Developed for Pediatric Facial Palsy

Standard measures allow for recording outcomes of facial palsy treatments among pediatric patients

More Secondary Prevention Meds May Reduce Deaths After AMI

Mortality lower with more meds for older nursing home residents after acute myocardial infarction

FDA Warns About ‘Miracle’ Young Blood Infusion Treatments

Expensive 'fountain of youth' therapies are unproven, potentially harmful

FDA Approves Drugs for Treatment of Two Rare Blood Diseases

Elzonris approved to treat BPDCN; Ultomiris approved for paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria

Targeted Muscle Reinnervation Can Reduce Phantom Limb Pain

Authors report reduction in pain and no symptomatic neuromas in 22 below-the-knee amputees

Mammo-Based Deep Learning Model Assesses Breast Cancer Risk

Deep learning models more accurate than models that use traditional risk factors, breast density

Pediatric Asthma Risk Score Has Good Sensitivity, Specificity

PARS has improved ability over API for predicting asthma in children with mild-to-moderate risk

Late-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Often Misdiagnosed as Type 2

Almost one-third of people older than 30 when first diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have type 1

Peanut Oral Immunotherapy May Up Allergic Reaction Risk

Increase seen in anaphylaxis risk, anaphylaxis frequency, epinephrine use with oral immunotherapy

Barriers to Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Should Be Addressed

Report IDs barriers such as separation of OUD treatment delivery settings from rest of medical care

Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Can Reduce Benign Biopsy Rate

Fewer benign biopsies necessary with DBT compared with full-field digital mammography

Smoking Seems Not to Be Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

No increased risk for dementia observed when adjusting for risk of death without dementia

Calcium Intake Tied to Lower Rate of Late AMD

Patients encouraged to continue taking calcium if needed for other indications

Meta-Analysis Links Shift Work to Risk for Ischemic Heart Disease

Positive dose-response relationship ID'd between risk for IHD, increasing duration of shift work

Risk for Suicide Increased in Year After Cancer Diagnosis

Higher suicide rates observed for cancers with poor prognosis, including pancreatic, lung cancer

FDA Reports Cases of Seizures Among Young Vapers

Agency review revealed 35 reported cases of seizures following use of e-cigarettes since 2010

Cancer Risk Modestly Elevated With Chronic Kidney Disease

Lower eGFR linked to elevated cancer risk relative to eGFR of 90 to 104 mL/min

Hearing Loss Linked to Subjective Cognitive Function Decline

Findings seen in older men; risk for SCF decline also up for men with severe hearing loss using hearing aids

Virtual Reality Cuts Time to Guide Catheter to Target Blood Vessels

Compared with fluoroscopic guidance, VR reduces time to select GDA, splenic, right hepatic artery

Acupressure Reduces Lasting Symptoms in Breast Cancer Survivors

Tied to improvements in pain, anxiety, depression among breast cancer survivors with fatigue

New Guidelines Introduced for Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Pregnancy

Guidance explains best practices for managing patients across continuum of care and pregnancy

Frailty May Up Fracture Risk in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes patients have higher frailty scores, which are tied to risk for incident fragility fractures

Racial Disparities Persist in Revascularization for CHD

Rates of revascularization lower for black women with acute coronary syndrome, coronary heart disease

FDA Panel: Too Early to Ban Breast Implant Linked With Cancer

Evidence growing that certain breast implants can trigger a rare form of lymphoma

American Urological Association, May 3-6

The American Urological Association 2019 Annual Meeting The annual meeting of the American Urological Association was held from May 3 to 6 in Chicago and...

Classroom Initiative Ups Participation in School Breakfast

But program has unintended consequence of increasing incidence, prevalence of obesity

Proportion of Cancers Due to Excess Body Weight Varies by State

Population-attributable fraction varied from 3.9 percent in Montana to 6.0 percent in Texas for men

January 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for January 2019. This roundup includes the...

New AI Model May Predict Cancerous Lung Nodules

Model relies on CT features, demographics, clinical data, and improves on current methods

Problems Identified With Gaps in EHR Functionality in Morning Rounds

Gaps in EHR design lead to workflow standardization issues, use of workarounds, team miscommunication

April 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for April 2019. This roundup includes the...

Applying Population Health Data IDs Patients at Risk for CVD

Patients at risk for cardiovascular disease identified even with missing electronic health record data

Late Preterm Steroid Therapy Found to Be Cost-Effective

Compared with no tx, costs lower when high-risk women given betamethasone in late preterm period

Hepatitis C Infection Rates Up After OxyContin Reformulation

222 percent increase in HCV infection rates seen after reformulation in states with above-median misuse

ASTRO: Prior Authorization Obstacles Delaying Treatment

Almost all radiation oncologists report their patients are delayed from receiving life-saving treatment

Some Women With HIV Struggling to Achieve Viral Suppression

Overall, 71.2 percent have viral suppression, including 35.2 percent of those with high probability of viremia

Since Early 2000s, Overdose Death Rates Are Highest in U.S.

U.S. was not an outlier in terms of drug overdose mortality prior to the early 2000s

Fournier Gangrene Is Safety Concern With SGLT2 Inhibitors

FDA identified 55 cases of FG in patients on SGLT2 inhibitors from March 2013 through January 2019

Case Description Can Reliably Define Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Differences between patients with AFM, other diagnoses include asymmetry of weakness

Drivers’ Opioid Use Associated With Fatal Car Crashes

Drivers testing positive for prescription opioids more than twice as likely to initiate fatal two-vehicle crash

Obesity Linked to Adverse Events in Children With Leukemia

Obesity ups risk for treatment-requiring hypertension, insulin-requiring hyperglycemia

Many Teens Not Up to Date on HPV Vaccination

Only 15.7 and 34.8 percent of teens completed HPV vaccination before turning 13 and 15

Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors at Risk for Later Cancers

Survivors have 14-fold increased risk for developing a solid subsequent malignant neoplasm

Timing of Medicare Loss Linked to Kidney Transplant Outcomes

Medication possession ratio lower for recipients with early, late Medicare loss versus no coverage loss

March 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Marketing of Opioids Linked to Increased OD Mortality

Mortality from opioid overdoses up with increase in marketing value/capita, payments to doctors

Low-Income Women Lack Menstrual Hygiene Supplies

One in five low-income women in St. Louis cannot afford products on a monthly basis

American College of Cardiology, March 16-18

The American College of Cardiology's 68th Annual Scientific Session and Expo The annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology was held from March 16...

State Texting-While-Driving Bans Cut Crash-Related ED Visits

Findings show laws curbing distracted driving are effective

AACR: Surgery Tied to Improved Survival in HER2+ Breast Cancer

In addition to targeted medication, adjuvant therapy, surgery improves survival in stage IV disease

ED Visits in Colorado More Frequent for Inhaled Versus Edible Cannabis

Visits for edible cannabis more likely to be for acute psychiatric symptoms, intoxication

January 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Prenatal Care App Can Reduce In-Person Obstetric Visits

No significant difference in patient or provider satisfaction with use of app

Risk for Cancer Increased in Men, Women With T2DM

Standardized incidence ratio highest for prostate cancer for men, nasopharynx cancer for women

Many Lives Could Be Saved if All Hospitals Had Grade A Rating

Patients at D, F hospitals have 91.8 percent increased risk for avoidable death compared with A hospitals

New BP Treatment Cutoffs May Not Yield Survival Benefit

Survival benefit not seen with Stage 1 hypertension, only high-risk Stage 2 hypertension

Certain Dietary Patterns Linked to Cognitive Performance

Greater adherence to MedDiet, APDQS patterns in adulthood tied to better cognitive performance

Depression, PTSD Linked to More Participation in Cardiac Rehab

Participation in cardiac rehabilitation up for patients with ischemic heart disease, comorbid conditions

2009 WIC Food Package Change Tied to Reduced Obesity Risk

Children with full dose of new food package had healthier growth trajectory, lower obesity risk at age 4

Nasopharyngeal Microbiota Could Help Diagnose Pediatric LRTIs

Research suggests nasopharyngeal microbiota can be valid proxy for lower respiratory tract microbiota

Catheter Ablation Tops Drug Therapy for A-Fib in Heart Failure

Meta-analysis shows 6.95 percent increase in LVEF with ablation

Questions Remain About Safety of Parkinson Disease Psychosis Drug

Federal government has received high number of reports about deaths among patients taking Nuplazid

Gender Differences Seen in Adverse Drug Reactions

Differences found in reaction symptoms and types of drugs tied to adverse reactions

MitraClip Device Approved for Patients With Secondary Mitral Regurgitation

Data show 47 percent reduction in risk for rehospitalization for HF symptoms with device implantation

AASM Releases New Sleep Apnea Treatment Guideline

Recommendations address positive airway pressure treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adults

Antidepressant Use in Seniors Linked to Risk for Hip Fracture

Odds ratio highest 16 to 30 days before Rx filled

Minerals Not Linked to Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Women

Associations null when women with highest versus lowest intake in quintiles, deciles compared

MRI Cardiac Stress Test Predicts Death From Heart Disease

Test has been underused and represents less than 1 percent of stress tests, study authors say

Readmission for Patients With Sepsis Common and Costly

Most readmissions associated with infectious etiologies, as well as GI, CV, pulmonary, renal causes

AAD: Isotretinoin Exposure for Acne Not Linked to Depression Risk

Acne patients with, without isotretinoin exposure had no significant difference in depression frequency

Parents Conflicted About Opioid Use in Children

Most parents know about alternatives to opioids, but just over a third ask about them

Cost-Related Insulin Underuse May Affect One in Four Patients

Patients reporting cost-related underuse more likely to have poor glycemic control

Death at 10 Years Similar With Bilateral-, Single-Artery CABG

No difference seen in rate of death from any cause at 10 years in intention-to-treat analysis

Many Veterans Oppose Cessation of Colorectal Cancer Screening

More than one-quarter of those surveyed not comfortable with stopping low-value screening

FDA Down to 5 Weeks of Funding to Review New Drug Applications

Agency cannot accept new fees or applications until the shutdown is over

Many New Cancer Patients Unaware of Their Hepatitis Status

Large proportion of participants with newly diagnosed cancer learned of infection through study

Advanced Echocardiographic Training Requirements Issued

At least nine cumulative months recommended to ensure exposure to necessary clinical experience

Sex Differences Seen in Pursuit of Interventional Cardiology Career

Factors negatively influencing women are largely related to the culture of the subspecialty

Short Sleep Duration, Not OSA, Linked to Daytime Sleepiness

Obstructive sleep apnea, but not SSD, is linked to obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia

CDC: 228 Measles Cases Already in 2019

Number of cases in the United States so far this year getting close to the total number for all of 2018

Inappropriate Antibiotic Rx Common in Privately Insured

Only 12.8 and 35.5 percent of fills were appropriate, potentially appropriate in outpatients

February 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for February 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

2019 Residency Match Day Was Largest in History

Internal medicine programs offered a record 8,116 categorical, 396 primary care positions

Stroke Patients Infrequently Screened, Treated for Bone Loss

5.1 percent of patients with stroke, 2.9 percent of those without prior testing had bone mineral density test

Stress-Related Disorders Associated With Increased CVD Risk

Hazard ratios for cardiovascular diseases decreased beyond one year after disorder diagnosis

People With Obesity Are Blatantly Dehumanized

Dehumanization predictive of support for policies that discriminate against people with obesity

Guidance Issued for Systems of Care for Stroke Patients

Recommendations support educational initiatives to increase awareness, need to seek emergency care

E-Cigarettes May Threaten Goal of Achieving Tobacco Endgame

Concern increasing that use of newer tobacco products may catalyze transition to tobacco products, drugs

Artificial Intelligence System Can Triage Chest Radiographs

Average reporting delay reduced from 11.2 to 2.7 days for critical image findings in simulation

Maltreatment in Childhood May Affect Course of Adult Depression

Links found among childhood maltreatment, relapse of depression as an adult, and altered brain structure

No Increase in Complications Seen With Abdominoplasty in Obese

Rates of perioperative complications no higher in obese than nonobese patients

FDA Warns 17 Companies About Illegal Alzheimer Disease Products

The products are often sold on websites and social media and may be ineffective, unsafe

ASA: Reversal Agent Cuts Severe Bleeding With Factor Xa Inhibitors

Bolus plus two-hour infusion of andexanet alfa cuts antifactor Xa activity by 92 percent

Americans Increasingly Open About Mental Health

More young adults report feeling shame and stigma about mental health issues than older adults

T2DM Initially Remits in Majority Who Undergo Gastric Bypass

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass linked to significantly lower risk for microvascular complications

Dolutegravir Feasible for HIV Tx in Women of Childbearing Age

Risk for neural tube defects offset by fewer deaths among women, decreased sexual HIV transmission

Parent Perception of E-Cig Safety Varies With Smoking Habits

Most who smoke cigarettes and e-cigs have smoke-free home policies; fewer have vape-free policies

Percutaneous Ablation in Liver Cancer Tied to Better Outcomes

Intervention linked to better short-term outcomes versus surgical procedures

Conception by IVF May Increase Risk for Rare Childhood Cancer

Rate of hepatic tumors higher among children conceived via IVF

Incidence of Parkinson Disease Increased in Bipolar Disorder

High frequency of psychiatric admissions for manic/mix, depressive episodes linked to increased risk for PD

Policies Recommended to Reduce Sugary Drink Intake in Youth

Strategies aim to lower sugary beverage consumption among children and adolescents

Anti-Inflammatory Add-On May Be Beneficial for Depression

Anti-inflammatory agents improve depressive symptoms versus placebo as add-on in MDD

New Kaiser Permanente Medical School Plans to Waive Tuition

School will waive all tuition for the full four years of school for its first five classes

AACR: Prostate Cancer Incidence Dropping, Stable in Most Countries

Decreases in mortality seen in 14 countries, stabilization in 54 of 71 countries

Complications, Costs Up With Cardiac Sx in Opioid Use Disorder

No increased risk of mortality, but increase in incidence of major complications

Lifetime Risk for Brain Mets Up in Elderly With Three Common Cancers

Highest incidence seen for patients with non-small cell lung cancer and triple-negative breast cancer

Subsymptom Threshold Exercise Speeds Concussion Recovery

Aerobic exercise prescribed during first week after sport-related concussion speeds recovery in teens

Contributors to Delay of Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosis ID’d

First symptoms, MS type contribute to delay; depression linked to delay in evaluation-to-diagnosis time

Obesity May Impact the Form and Structure of the Brain

Gender appears to be a modifier of the link between fat percentage and the size of specific brain structures

Statin Use Reduces Dementia Risk After Concussion in Seniors

Patients receiving a statin have reduced risk for dementia, independent of cardiovascular meds use

Wellness Problems Prevalent Among Ob-Gyn Residents

Number of residents reporting any problem with wellness increases between first, second year

American College of Physicians, April 11-13

The American College of Physicians Internal Medicine Meeting 2019 The annual meeting of the American College of Physicians (ACP) was held from April 11 to...

More Sports Experience May Reduce Impact of Concussions

Among youth with concussion history, more years of experience tied to quicker functional recovery

Women With COPD Have Worse QoL, Increased Symptom Burden

Women are more likely to be symptomatic, have greater odds of frequent, severe acute exacerbations

AAN: Sweetened Drinks Linked to More Severe Disability in MS

Those in highest quartile of sugar-sweetened beverage intake had greater risk for severe disability

AI Technology IDs Genetic Diseases by Analyzing Facial Photos

DeepGestalt technology better than doctors at identifying a range of genetic syndromes

Changes to WIC Food Program Tied to Reversal in Obesity Trends

Trend of increasing obesity among 2- to 4-year-olds was reversed after 2009 changes

Physician Burnout Rate Increased From 2014 to 2017

Early-career physicians most susceptible to burnout; late-career physicians less vulnerable

New Scale Helps Identify More Serious Cases of Mononucleosis

Scale identifies college students at increased risk for corticosteroid Rx, chronic fatigue syndrome

North Carolina Sues Electronic Cigarette Maker JUUL

Also, judge has ruled that the FDA neglected its legal duty by postponing reviews of vaping products

Radiotherapy Tied to Lower Recurrence of Early, Hormone-Driven Breast Cancer

Antihormone treatment also recommended in conjunction with radiotherapy

FDA Halts All Sales of Pelvic Mesh Products Tied to Injuries in Women

Remaining manufacturers have failed to prove the long-term safety or benefit of their devices

Lower Self-Perception Observed in Children With Amblyopia

Mean peer acceptance, physical competence scores lower at ages 3 to 7 compared with controls

Low-Priced Generic Drugs Most Likely to Have Shortages

Shortages associated with modest increases in price, ranging from 6 to 14 percent

January 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

College Students at Increased Risk for SgB Meningococcal Dz

Students, parents, health care providers should be aware of the availability of MenB vaccines

Cervical Adenocarcinoma Rates Increased in Some Populations

Increasing and stabilizing incidence trends seen for several subpopulations; declines attenuated in SCC

Most Pediatric Residents Report Caring for Gun Injuries

Almost all residents agree pediatricians should ask about guns in the home, ask parents to lock guns

Ultrasound of Calcaneus Efficient for Screening Bone Health

Ultrasound readings of left or right foot can predict good versus poor bone quality

Receiving Activated Charcoal Bag Tied to Proper Opioid Disposal

Less medication flushing, inappropriate garbage disposal seen for those receiving activated charcoal bag