Severe Maternal Complication Risk Four Times Higher With Twins

Cesarean delivery accounts for one-fifth of the risk of severe acute maternal morbidity

High-Deductible Health Plans May Be Harmful for Patients With COPD

Individuals with HDHP more likely to report forgoing care due to costs, cost-related nonadherence

Decrease in PM2.5-Related U.S. Mortality From 2010 to 2017

During the same period, ozone-related mortality remained mainly unchanged

Most At-Risk Opt Out of Genetic Testing for Huntington Disease

Lack of cure, inability to 'undo knowledge' primary reasons for not going through with testing

Blood Donor Screening Data IDs Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Highest estimated prevalence of FH seen in young versus older donors, and in men versus women

Early cART Leads to Enhanced T Cell Function in HIV Infection

Limiting acute viremia results in enhanced functionality of HIV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells

Medication Nonadherence Common in Patients With T2DM

Urine testing shows nonadherence highest for statins in patients with type 2 diabetes

Firearms Leading Cause of Death Among Young Adult Men

Findings in U.S., Mexico, Brazil, Colombia based on national vital statistics data from 1990 to 2015

Pediatricians Should Encourage Fish Consumption for Children

Fish have favorable nutrient profile versus other animal proteins; for most types, benefits outweigh risks

Classification System Developed for Cardiogenic Shock

System describes stages of cardiogenic shock from A, classified as at-risk, to E, representing extremis

Suboptimal Diet Accounted for >80,000 Cancer Cases in 2015

Low intake of whole grains, dairy products, high intake of processed meats account for highest burden

CDC: Cancer Death Rates Decreased, Heart Disease Deaths Rose

Cancer death rates decreased from 1999 to 2017; heart disease deaths dropped to 2011 and then increased

CDC: Seniors Use Various Strategies to Reduce Rx Costs

Overall, 4.8 percent have not taken meds as prescribed; 17.7 percent have asked for lower-cost medication

Half-Price Version of Humalog Insulin Now Available

Eli Lilly's generic version being sold under the chemical name insulin lispro

Treatment Rates Low for Parents With Opioid Use Disorder

Many parents with opioid, substance use disorder are living with children; treatment rates are low

Some Women With HIV Struggling to Achieve Viral Suppression

Overall, 71.2 percent have viral suppression, including 35.2 percent of those with high probability of viremia

Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Gestational Diabetes Risk

Association even stronger for women persistently deficient through the second trimester

Weight Loss Tied to Adverse Outcomes in Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant

Weight loss before transplantation associated with increased hospitalization LOS, graft loss, mortality

Depression, PTSD Linked to More Participation in Cardiac Rehab

Participation in cardiac rehabilitation up for patients with ischemic heart disease, comorbid conditions

Targeted Laser Surgery Treats Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Engel I outcomes more likely with ablations targeting specific lobe structures

Bystander Resuscitation Attempted Less Often for Women in Cardiac Arrest

Women have half the chance of initial shockable rhythm, chances of survival to discharge compared with men

Adverse Liver Outcomes Up With Diagnosis of NAFLD/NASH

Baseline diagnosis of diabetes independent predictor of advanced liver disease diagnosis

Women With COPD Have Worse QoL, Increased Symptom Burden

Women are more likely to be symptomatic, have greater odds of frequent, severe acute exacerbations

Closed ICU Model May Reduce Hospital-Acquired Infections

Decline seen in CLABSI, CAUTI, VAP rates; no change in C. diff infection, MRSA blood infection rates

Incidence of Parkinson Disease Increased in Bipolar Disorder

High frequency of psychiatric admissions for manic/mix, depressive episodes linked to increased risk for PD

Poor Broadband Penetration in Rural Areas Limits Telemedicine

Broadband penetration poor in counties with inadequate access to primary care doctors, psychiatrists

Homemade Sunscreen Recipes Commonly Shared, Offer Low Protection

Interest in natural products includes homemade sunscreen, which offers insufficient sun protection

Favorable Trends Seen in Lipids, Apolipoprotein B in U.S. Youth

Adjusted mean total cholesterol level decreased from 1999-2000 to 2015-2016 in youth aged 6 to 19 years

Four Clinical Phenotypes Identified for Sepsis

Phenotype distributions similar in derivation, validation cohorts; highest mortality for γ phenotype

Bill Would Raise U.S. Legal Age to Buy Tobacco to 21

Fourteen states have already enacted laws raising the minimum age for tobacco sales to 21

Non-Rx Fentanyl Up in Urine Tests Positive for Other Drugs

Significant increases seen in urine drug tests positive for cocaine and methamphetamine

Rates of Depression Up in U.S. Women at Hospital to Give Birth

U.S. rate of depressive disorders recorded during delivery hospitalization increased from 2000 to 2015

Fracture Risk Tool Useful for Women on Aromatase Inhibitors

Findings question considering aromatase inhibitors a 'secondary cause of osteoporosis'

Clinical Drug Diversion Costly to Health Care Organizations

Report finds 47.2 million doses lost due to health care worker misuse and theft in 2018

Gender Gap in U.S. Youth Suicide Narrowed From 1975 to 2016

Suicide prevention efforts should take both sex and developmental level into consideration

Higher Consumption of Sugary Drinks May Up Mortality in Adults

Findings include both sugar-sweetened beverages and 100 percent fruit juices

Dupilumab Cuts Exacerbations in Late-Onset Asthma

Lung function improved at weeks 12 and 52 in patients with, without fixed airway obstruction

Octogenarians With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Have Poor Survival

Overall survival 1.5 months; survival improved for those receiving chemotherapy

Regular Puzzle Use May Improve Cognition in Older Adults

Performance on 14 measures of cognitive function better for those doing word or number puzzles

Weight Gain, Loss in Seniors May Increase Risk for Dementia

Significant correlation observed between late-life BMI changes and dementia risk in both sexes

Early Neuromuscular Blockade No Better in ARDS Patients on Vent

Mortality similar for those receiving continuous infusion of cisatracurium, lighter sedation targets

Racial Disparity Seen in Prescriptions for Buprenorphine

Office visits for drug to treat opioid use disorder most commonly self-pay or private insurance

Readmission Rates Vary Little Among Primary Care Doctors

One of 4,230 PCPs had readmission rate that was significantly above the mean

Postoperative Infection Rate Similar Across Biologics in RA

Glucocorticoid use ups risk for hospitalized infection, prosthetic joint infection after arthroplasty

Statin Use Reduces Dementia Risk After Concussion in Seniors

Patients receiving a statin have reduced risk for dementia, independent of cardiovascular meds use

Mometasone, Tiotropium Do Not Top Placebo in Mild Asthma

And budesonide-formoterol superior to albuterol for prevention of asthma exacerbations

Medicaid Expansion Cuts Racial Disparities in Preterm Births

Overall rates of low birth weight unchanged, but reduction seen in disparities for black infants

One-Third of Patients on Statins Do Not Reach Target Thresholds

Not reaching thresholds places patients at increased risk for cardiovascular events

Hormone Therapy in Transgender Women Ups Breast Cancer Risk

Transgender people on hormones, cisgender people should follow same breast cancer screening guidelines

Millennial Parents Found More Likely to Drive Distracted

Parents born between 1981 and 1996 more likely to read text messages while driving with children in the car

DDW: Ingested Button Battery Can Cause Gastric Injury

Eighty-six percent of pediatric patients with BB ingestion had visual evidence of mucosal damage

Cancer Screening Less Likely Among Current Smokers

Findings based on guideline-based screening for breast, prostate, colorectal cancer

3 Percent of Infant Sleep-Related Deaths Occur in Sitting Devices

Less than 10 percent of deaths occur in properly used car seats during travel

Access to Care Worse for Sexual-Minority Cancer Survivors

Sexual-minority women with access deficits have increased odds of poor physical, mental quality of life

Guidance Issued for Systems of Care for Stroke Patients

Recommendations support educational initiatives to increase awareness, need to seek emergency care

Colorectal Cancer Incidence Increasing in Younger Adults

Despite overall decline or stabilization, increase seen for young adults in some high-income countries

First Anticoagulant Approved for Preventing VTE Recurrence in Children

Boxed warning lists risk for epidural, spinal hematomas with neuraxial anesthesia, spinal puncture

Prenatal Care App Can Reduce In-Person Obstetric Visits

No significant difference in patient or provider satisfaction with use of app

Private Insurers Pay 241 Percent of What Medicare Would Pay

RAND researchers recommend private insurers move toward fixed-price arrangements

Many Lives Could Be Saved if All Hospitals Had Grade A Rating

Patients at D, F hospitals have 91.8 percent increased risk for avoidable death compared with A hospitals

Pool Chemical Injuries Led to ~13,500 ED Visits in 2015-2017

More than one-third of injuries occurred among patients aged younger than 18 years

CDC: Salmonella Outbreaks Linked to Backyard Poultry

52 people sickened and five people have been hospitalized; no deaths reported

More U.S. Adults Show Signs of Despair As They Enter Middle Age

Pattern generalized across races, education levels, geography

FDA Approves Venetoclax for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

In randomized trial, drug demonstrated statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival

Study Describes TBI Caregiver QOL Measurement System

Five new item banks developed to assess health-related quality for traumatic brain injury caregivers

Thresholds Found for Unilateral Optic Nerve Lesions in MS

Intereye differences for retinal nerve fiber layer and macular ganglion cell + inner plexiform layer useful

Goggles That Record Nystagmus Could Help Diagnose Vertigo

Vestibular event monitoring feasible, could allow accurate diagnosis of episodic vestibular disorders

Quitting Smoking Lowers Risk for Bladder Cancer Postmenopause

Significant drop seen in first 10 years of cessation, continues to decrease as cessation time increases

Estimated Prevalence of Low Birth Weight Down Since 2000

However, average annual reduction rate of 1.23 percent insufficient to reach global targets

Open Heart Surgery Beats Stents for Multivessel Disease

Findings reinforce need for team approach to treatment decisions for heart conditions

Global Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases on the Rise

Significant increases seen worldwide, but burden highest in Europe

Sleep Duration Tied to Adverse Measures of Glycemia

Findings seen among adults with prediabetes or recently diagnosed, untreated type 2 diabetes

Heroin Overdose ED Visits Decreased From 2017 to 2018

Decreases not consistent across states, with significant increases in Illinois, Indiana, Utah

Magnitude of Weight Loss Similar for Teens, Adults After RYGB

Adolescents significantly more likely to have remission of type 2 diabetes and hypertension

Poll: Many Adults Worried About Developing Dementia

But only 5 percent of respondents reported discussing prevention with doctor

Dabigatran Does Not Beat Aspirin for Preventing Recurrent Stroke

Efficacy similar to aspirin for preventing recurrent stroke after embolic stroke of undetermined source

Americans Increasingly Open About Mental Health

More young adults report feeling shame and stigma about mental health issues than older adults

Recs Updated for TB Screening, Treatment in Health Care Workers

Guidelines include preplacement TB risk assessment, postexposure symptom evaluation and testing

Avelumab + Axitinib Approved for Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma

Treatment combination demonstrated longer progression-free survival versus sunitinib in randomized trial

FDA Approves Venetoclax for Chronic, Small Lymphocytic Leukemia

In randomized trial, drug demonstrated statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival

North Carolina Sues Electronic Cigarette Maker JUUL

Also, judge has ruled that the FDA neglected its legal duty by postponing reviews of vaping products

AI Model Uses Serial Imaging to Predict Lung Cancer Tx Response

Deep learning integrates CT scans from multiple time points to improve clinical outcome predictions

Dabigatran Doesn’t Beat Aspirin for Preventing Recurrent Stroke

Efficacy similar to aspirin for preventing recurrent stroke after embolic stroke of undetermined source

Smartphone App Could Help Diagnose Ear Infections

By using smartphone microphone, speaker to assess eardrum mobility, app can detect middle ear fluid

ASCO: Low-Fat Dietary Pattern Cuts Breast Cancer Deaths

Significant reduction in deaths from breast cancer after cumulative follow-up of 19.6 years

Cannabis Legalization Not Tied to Higher Health Care Utilization

Compared to control states, length of stay and costs did not change significantly in Colorado

Transition Planning for Senior Surgeons Needed

Society of Surgical Chairs offering new guidance and recommendations

Risk for Prolonged Opioid Use Up in Patients Receiving Tramadol

Those receiving tramadol postop have similar, higher risks as those receiving other short-acting opioids

CDC: Number of Births in U.S. Reached New Low in 2018

General fertility rate and total fertility rate also dropped to record lows in 2018

Habitual Glucosamine Use Linked to Reduced Risk for CVD Events

Risks reduced for total cardiovascular disease events, CVD death, coronary heart disease, and stroke

Risk for Miscarriage Up With Benzodiazepine Use in Early Pregnancy

Risk similar for exposure to short-acting, long-acting benzodiazepines during early pregnancy

Healthy Lifestyle Recommended for Reducing Dementia Risk

Guidelines focus on physical activity, eating well, cessation of tobacco and hazardous/harmful drinking

FDA: Tattoo Inks Recalled Due to Bacterial Contamination

Symptoms of tattoo ink-associated infections include rashes, lesions in areas where ink has been applied

Two-Thirds of Sunscreens Fail Safety Tests

More than 60 percent of products do not provide adequate sun protection, contain potentially harmful chemicals

Computer-Based Training Studied in Children With Fragile X Syndrome

Similar improvements seen in groups receiving adaptive, nonadaptive cognitive training program

Use of Rehab After Ischemic Stroke Varies in Acute Care

Some stroke patients less likely to get rehabilitation services due to patient, hospital variables

Tool Predicts Quality Measures After Ventral Hernia Repair

ORACLE can be used to show patients how lifestyle changes affect outcomes of interest

Worldwide Prevalence of Eating Disorders Increased Since 2000

Point prevalence for eating disorders increased during the study period from 2000-2006 to 2013-2018

CDC: Racial Disparity Seen With Lupus-Related Deaths

Deaths among blacks occur sooner after diagnosis and at younger age compared with whites

Risk for Repeat Concussion Quantified for Pediatric Patients

16.2 percent of patients experienced at least one repeat concussion; increase in risk seen with patient age

Opioid Quantity Prescribed After Musculoskeletal Injury Tied to Prolonged Use

Opioid type not predictive of prolonged use for patients with musculoskeletal injury undergoing surgery

Thyroid Hormones Not Endorsed for Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Almost all adults with SCH would not benefit from treatment with thyroid hormones

Prophylactic Antibiotic Cuts Infection Risk After Operative Vaginal Birth

Benefits seen following operative vaginal birth at 36 weeks of gestation or later

Some Cervical Cancer Screening Strategies More Cost-Effective

Most lifetime QALYs seen with cytologic testing every three years, repeated for ASC-US

AAN: Oral BTK Inhibitor Superior to Placebo in Multiple Sclerosis

Fewer enhancing lesions seen in weeks 12 to 24 for 75 mg evobrutinib once daily versus placebo

Gestational Weight Gain Weak Predictor of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

Meta-analysis identifies estimates of optimal gestational weight gain

Quitting Smoking While Pregnant Tied to Reduced Risk for Preterm Birth

Risk reduced even for high-frequency cigarette smokers

Taxing Sweetened Beverages Reduces Volume Sold

Decrease in beverages sold partially offset by increase in volume of sales in bordering areas

Tool Predicts Seizure Risk During, After Pregnancy

Risk for seizures predicted for pregnant women with epilepsy on medication

American Academy of Neurology, May 4-10

The 71st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology The annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology was held from May 4 to...

California Couple Awarded $2 Billion in Roundup Lawsuit

Bayer, parent company of Monsanto, maintains glyphosate, main ingredient in Roundup, is safe

Light, Incremental Physical Activity Can Help Reduce Brain Aging

Each additional hour spent in light-intensity physical activity equivalent to about 1.1 years less brain aging

Mindful Music Listening Aids Cognitive Recovery After Stroke

Mindful music listening feasible, acceptable, may be effective after stroke

U.S. Parents Worried About Child’s Communication Skills

Speech development, language concerns, and hearing issues most common concerns

Late-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Often Misdiagnosed as Type 2

Almost one-third of people older than 30 when first diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have type 1

U.S. Prevalence of Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Stable at 4.7 Percent

But prevalence of AFLD with stage 2 or greater fibrosis, AFLD with stage 3 or greater fibrosis increased

Home-Based Cardiac Rehab May Be Option for Some Heart Patients

Short-term clinical outcomes improved similarly for home-based, center-based cardiac rehabilitation

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Cases Increased in 2004 to 2012

Highest rates of HZO seen in older adults, women, and in whites versus other racial groups

Adverse Childhood Experiences Linked to Worse Lupus Outcomes

More adverse childhood experiences associated with depression, poor overall health for those with SLE

Standard Outcome Measures Developed for Pediatric Facial Palsy

Standard measures allow for recording outcomes of facial palsy treatments among pediatric patients

Infection Risk Lower With Certain Psoriasis Treatments

Risk for serious infection reduced for new users of apremilast, etanercept, ustekinumab versus methotrexate

Prior Training Increases Internists’ Knowledge of PrEP for HIV

IM residents with training report more frequent prescribing, higher comfort level in educating patients

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, May 3-6

The 67th Annual Clinical Meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists The annual meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists was...

Prevalence of Low Back Pain About 26.4 Percent in U.S. Workers

16.9 percent of workers with any low back pain missed at least one day of work in previous three months

T2Bacteria Panel Accurately IDs Bloodstream Infections

Mean time to species identification 3.61 to 7.70 hours, depending on number of samples tested

Patients Find Note Reading Important for Health Management

Few patients very confused or more worried after reading clinicians' outpatient visit notes

CDC: U.S. Measles Cases in 2019 Reach 839

Most on cruise ship under measles quarantine cleared to leave

Heart Patients at Risk When Pharmacies Close

Study shows link between pharmacy closures and medication noncompliance among patients with CVD

Low-Calorie Sweetened Drinks Do Not Cut Calories in Children

Low-, zero-calorie sweetened beverage consumers take in 200 extra calories daily versus water drinkers

Bioimpedance Spectroscopy May Identify Lymphedema Earlier

Surveillance with the technology may allow earlier detection, more effective treatment for lymphedema

Fournier Gangrene Is Safety Concern With SGLT2 Inhibitors

FDA identified 55 cases of FG in patients on SGLT2 inhibitors from March 2013 through January 2019

DDW: Parkinson Disease Risk Up After Appendectomy

Risk greater for those aged 18 years and up, Caucasians, African-Americans, Asians

Higher Risk for Cancer, Mortality Seen With Pediatric-Onset IBD

Risk for cancer, mortality increased for patients with pediatric-onset ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease

Sharing Data With Surgeons Can Reduce Overuse of Mohs Surgery

Mean stages per case reduced; reduction in Medicare spending estimated to be $11.1 million

AAN: Isradipine Offers No Benefit in Parkinson Disease

No significant treatment effect seen in UPDRS Part I to III score measured in the ON state

Whole-Body MRI Accurate for Staging Colorectal Cancer, NSCLC

No difference in sensitivity or specificity for whole-body MRI, standard pathway for staging

Prehospital Tx Guidelines May Improve Outcomes in Severe TBI

Survival to hospital discharge did not improve overall, but improvement seen for severe injury cohort

Model Predicts Counties at Risk for Measles Outbreak

Counties identified as being at risk should be targeted for enhanced surveillance, vaccination

Fatal Overdoses Reduced With Pharmacist Dispensation of Naloxone

However, greater naloxone availability tied to more nonfatal overdoses seen in emergency departments

AAN: Eculizumab Reduces Risk for Relapse in Neuromyelitis Optica

But no significant between-group difference noted in measures of disability progression

Rate of Ordering Cancer Screening Tests Decreases During Clinic Day

Rate of patient completion of cancer screening tests also decreases with appointment later in the day

CDC: Hepatitis A Virus Reports Increased in 2016 to 2018

Multiple infection outbreaks among those reporting drug use, homelessness account for most reports

Health Professionals Supportive of Medicinal Cannabis

However, across medicine, pharmacy, and nursing, providers need more information

Suicide Attempts by Self-Poisoning Have Increased in Teens

Increase from 2011 to 2018 among children aged 10 to 18 years mainly driven by girls

Doctors Aware of Patient Difficulties Affording Medical Care

Three-quarters of doctors surveyed say they consider out-of-pocket costs when making clinical decisions

DDW: Lasting Weight Loss Seen With Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty

Patients were predicted to achieve their minimum weight at 24 months after ESG

Registry Can Reduce CRE Carriers, CRE Prevalence

Incident carriers, prevalence of CRE reduced even when only 25 percent of facilities participate

New Recommendations Developed for Breast Cancer Screening

Guideline based on individual breast cancer risk profile, with specific screening strategies

Biomarker Test Predicts Mild, Serious IBD in Newly Diagnosed

Test based on genetic signature of CD8 T cells during active disease

Higher Risk for Mental Disorders Seen in Patients With Psoriasis

Time to onset found to be two to three months for anxiety disorders and other conditions

CDC: Uninsurance Levels Did Not Change Significantly in 2018

Uninsurance increased among adults aged 45 to 64 years; increase seen in high-deductible health plans

Fifteen Million Patients Will Need First-Course Chemo in 2040

Number of cancer physicians required to deliver optimal chemo set to increase to 100,000 by 2040

Lupus Affects Emotional, Mental Well-Being of Patients

Most patients report not having participated in a lupus clinical trial, despite interest

Risk for Cancer Increased in Men, Women With T2DM

Standardized incidence ratio highest for prostate cancer for men, nasopharynx cancer for women

ACS Sets Goal to Cut Cancer Mortality 40 Percent by 2035

Goal based on decrease in overall cancer death rates at pace seen among college graduates

Nut Intake in First Trimester May Benefit Child Neurodevelopment

Children of mothers with the highest level of nut intake have better scores on cognitive tests

2018 Saw More Employed Physicians Than Self-Employed

Proportion of physicians working in practices wholly owned by physicians dropped to 54 percent in 2018

CDC: HIV Racial Disparity Measure Decreased From 2010 to 2016

Most incident HIV infections among black women would not have occurred if rates were same as for whites

Generic Version of Truvada Available in U.S. by Sept. 2020

Activists have been urging Gilead to make the generic drug more widely available

Longer Duration of Statin Use Linked to Lower Risk for Glaucoma

Self-reported high cholesterol levels without statin use tied to higher glaucoma risk

Mammo-Based Deep Learning Model Assesses Breast Cancer Risk

Deep learning models more accurate than models that use traditional risk factors, breast density

Progesterone Offers No Benefit for Bleeding in Early Pregnancy

Progesterone administered in first trimester does not result in significantly more live births

Alteplase Seems Beneficial at 4.5 to 9.0 Hours After Stroke

Trial terminated because of loss of equipoise after publication of positive results from previous trial

NHFOV Superior for Preventing Reintubation of Preemies

Findings strongest among very preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome ready for extubation

Low Glucose Levels at Hospital Discharge Tied to Poor Outcomes

Patients with diabetes and hypoglycemia have higher readmission rate, postdischarge mortality

Patent Foramen Ovale Ups Ischemic Stroke in Those With PE

Frequency of ischemic stroke increased in association with patent foramen ovale in symptomatic PE

Alcohol Consumption Per Capita Increasing Among Adults

By 2030, prevalence of current drinking set to increase to 50 percent

Neonatal Morbidity Increased for Apgar Scores 7, 8, and 9

Odds of neonatal morbidity increase with drop in Apgar score from 10 at 5 minutes to 9 at 10 minutes

In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 Percent of U.S. Population Used Rx Drugs

Prescription drug use increased with age, reaching 85.0 percent for those aged 60 years and older

Preablation Bariatric Surgery Linked to Reduced A-Fib Recurrence

Bariatric surgery was only independent predictor of arrhythmia-free survival in multivariate analysis

Less Invasive Mastectomy an Option for More Patients

Higher-risk patients may now be eligible for nipple-sparing mastectomy

American Urological Association, May 3-6

The American Urological Association 2019 Annual Meeting The annual meeting of the American Urological Association was held from May 3 to 6 in Chicago and...

Scientology Cruise Ship Passengers, Crew Still Under Quarantine

Affected crew member, who was immediately isolated after showing symptoms, has since recovered

Prices Will Soon Be Included in TV Drug Ads

Regulations will require companies to disclose prices of meds costing more than $35 for a month's supply

Percutaneous Ablation in Liver Cancer Tied to Better Outcomes

Intervention linked to better short-term outcomes versus surgical procedures

Test Predicts Benefit of Chemo in ER+, HER2− Breast Cancer

EndoPredict, a multigene test, helps predict whether adjuvant chemotherapy would be beneficial

CDC: Prevalence of Arthritis 22.8 Percent in U.S. Adults in 2017

Adults with arthritis in southeastern states have highest prevalence of severe joint pain, physical inactivity

New Lesions ID’d on Breast MRI During Treatment Likely Benign

New suspicious lesions detected on breast MRI during neoadjuvant therapy are more likely benign

Combat Application Tourniquet Suitable for Use in Children

CAT successfully occluded arterial blood flow in all upper extremities, 93 percent of lower extremities

External Reference Pricing Could Cut Drug Costs in U.S.

Prices averaged 3.2 to 4.1 times higher in U.S.; differential varied from 1.3 to 70.1 for individual drugs

Efforts Needed to Ensure Publication of All Trials

67 trials ID'd that were unreported for median of nine years after completion, with 87,883 participants

Disability Often Precedes Rheumatoid Arthritis Diagnosis

Functional disability continues even after diagnosis and treatment

Arsenic Exposure Linked to Changes in Heart Structure

Arsenic in drinking water linked to LV hypertrophy, especially for prehypertensive, hypertensive

Recommendations Issued for Treating Tourette Syndrome

Guidelines based on systematic review, focus on individualized treatment decisions

Gentamicin Appropriate Second-Line Therapy to Ceftriaxone for Gonorrhea

Two weeks after treatment, infection cleared for 98, 91 percent treated with ceftriaxone versus gentamicin

Radiology Residents Often Miss Child Abuse

Variation in correct call rate from 1 to 81 percent per year during 2014 to 2018

Burden of Heart Failure-Related CVD Mortality Higher in Blacks

Burden significantly higher among young and middle-aged black versus white men and women

Oral Aspirin Does Not Up FIT Test Sensitivity for ID’ing CRC

Sensitivity not significantly increased in aspirin versus placebo group at two cutoffs

CDC: Pregnancy-Related Deaths Occur Before, During, Postpartum

60 percent of pregnancy-related deaths determined to be preventable, with multiple contributory factors

FDA Approves Ruzurgi for Children With Rare Autoimmune Disorder

Ruzurgi previously approved for treatment in adults with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome

Plant-Based Diets Tied to Lower Risk for Heart Failure

Southern dietary pattern of more fried food and sweetened beverages tied to higher risk

In Men, Low BMI Tied to Later Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Risk lasts through 40 years of adulthood for underweight adolescent men

AUA: Marijuana Tied to Increased Risk for LUTS Medications in BPH

Marijuana use also linked to worse overall semen parameters due to induction of oxidative stress

Clinicians Believe Link Between Breast Pain, Cancer Is Weak

But many order imaging to exclude malignancy or for reassurance only

Positive Emotion Intervention Cuts Caregiver Stress

Focus on positive emotions reduces caregiver anxiety and depression after six weeks

U.S. Energy Drink Consumption Rose From 2003 to 2016

Energy drinks accounted for majority of total daily caffeine among consumers

Children With Chronic Illness Can Have Normal Life Satisfaction

Parent-reported health lower, but life satisfaction comparable to that of peers without chronic illness

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Tied to Lower Risk for Lung Cancer, CRC

For those diagnosed with lung cancer, CRC, higher CRF tied to lower risk for subsequent death

Oral Contraceptive Pill May Protect Against ACL Tears

Risk for acute cruciate ligament reconstruction reduced while on OCP, especially for 15- to 19-year-olds

Guidance Issued for Managing Heart Disease in Pregnancy

Race/ethnicity, age, hypertension, obesity are key risk factors for CVD-related maternal mortality