Model Estimates Herd Immunity Threshold for COVID-19

New model suggests lower herd immunity level than classical model based on homogenous immunization

June 2020 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for June 2020. This roundup includes...

June 2020 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for June 2020. This roundup includes the...

June 2020 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for June 2020. This roundup includes the...

June 2020 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for June 2020. This roundup includes the...

Multiple Healthy Eating Patterns May Be Able to Lower CVD Risk

Findings seen for four different healthy eating patterns with 30+ years of follow-up

June 2020 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for June 2020. This roundup includes...

June 2020 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for June 2020. This roundup includes the...

Elastomeric Mask Program Saves Money

Program eliminated reliance on disposable N95s, enabled normal operations during the COVID-19 pandemic

June 2020 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for June 2020. This roundup includes the...

June 2020 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Artificial Intelligence Provides Benefit for Cervical Cancer Screening

Automated dual-stained slide evaluation reduces number of colposcopies versus current standards

June 2020 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Increased Body Weight, Obesity Linked to Dementia Incidence

Central obesity linked to increased dementia incidence compared with noncentral obese women

June 2020 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Genetic Tests May Differ in Their Interpretation of Certain Variants

11 percent of interpretations were different for TP53 gene; difference can impact management

June 2020 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for June 2020. This roundup...

June 2020 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Some Kidney Disease-Related Terms Cause Patient Distress

Some language used to describe kidney health may distress patients and impair decision making

June 2020 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for June 2020. This roundup includes...

June 2020 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Social Vulnerability Linked to COVID-19 Diagnosis, Death

Risks increased 4.94- and 4.74-fold when considering only minority status and language domain of SVI

June 2020 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for June 2020. This roundup includes the...

Spectrum of Imaging Findings Described in COVID-19 MIS-C

Imaging findings include basal consolidation with collapse and pleural effusions on chest CT

June 2020 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

2005 to 2016 Saw Increase in Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Use

Office visits with prescribed SMR nearly doubled; tripling in visits for continued SMR drug therapy

June 2020 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

June 2020 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for June 2020. This roundup includes the...

Updated Guidance Provided for Safe Solid Organ Transplantation

Universal donor nucleic acid testing for HIV, HBV, HCV and post-transplant monitoring recommended

Progressive MS Linked to Faster Retinal Atrophy Than RRMS

In PMS, inner and outer nuclear layer thinning independently faster compared with controls, RRMS

American Association for Cancer Research, June 22-24

The American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2020 The American Association for Cancer Research held a second virtual meeting as part of their annual...

FBI Warns of Scammers Selling Fake COVID-19 Antibody Tests

Consumers can protect themselves by checking FDA website for a list of approved antibody tests, testing companies

U.S. Could See 100,000 New Cases of COVID-19 Each Day, Fauci Says

Fauci and other health officials also testified before U.S. Senate about the need to build up confidence in vaccination

Brain Iron Concentrations Increased in Alzheimer Disease

Increased iron concentration seen in deep gray matter, neocortical regions versus healthy controls

ID, Isolation of SARS-CoV-2 Vital in Correctional Facilities

Serial testing is key; 25 percent of cases identified among those who had previously tested negative

Good Diet May Cut Toxicity Risk in Treatment of Pediatric ALL

Greater intake of foods rich in antioxidants tied to lower rates of infection, mucositis during treatment

Heart Rhythm Disorders Seen in Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients

ICU admission tied to incident atrial fibrillation, nonsustained ventricular tachycardias

Mild Fever, Little Respiratory Illness Seen With COVID-19-Positive Infants

Of 18 COVID-19-positive infants less than 90 days old, none required intensive care

Latinos Have High Rate of Positivity for SARS-CoV-2

Rate of positivity 42.6 percent, compared with 8.8 percent for whites and 17.6 percent for blacks

Comparative Effectiveness of Treatments Explored in T2DM

Greatest drop in HbA1c for insulin, specific glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist added to metformin

Preterm Delivery May Up Maternal Risk for Ischemic Heart Disease

Association decreased over time but remained significantly elevated through 40+ years of follow-up

Global Burden of Thyroid Cancer Is Increasing

Burden higher among women, Southern and Eastern Asia, with one-third of cases in wealthy nations

Study Finds Allergic Rhinitis, Rheumatoid Arthritis Not Linked

But when low-quality studies excluded from meta-analysis, higher risk of rheumatoid arthritis seen

NY Health Care Workers Report Distress Related to COVID-19 Care

Higher percentage of nurses/advanced practice providers screened positive versus attending physicians

Antibody Tests ID COVID-19 Two to Three Weeks After Symptoms

After onset of symptoms, sensitivity is low in first week, increases in second week, peaks in third week

Altered Mental Status Not Uncommon in Severe COVID-19

Altered mental status includes encephalopathy or encephalitis and primary psychiatric diagnosis

Factors Linked to Severe COVID-19 in Children Identified

8 percent of children need ICU admission; risk up with age <1 month, male sex, pre-existing conditions

U.S. Supreme Court Strikes Down Louisiana Abortion Law

Law required doctors performing abortions to have admitting privileges at nearby hospitals

COVID-19 Drug Remdesivir Could Cost Up to $3,120 Per Patient

In the U.S., government programs, additional Gilead assistance should mean all patients have access to the drug

Intestinal Illness Spurs Recall of Bagged Salads Sold at Walmart, Aldi

More than 200 people have contracted cyclosporiasis; 23 people have been hospitalized

Many Practice Unsafe Household Cleaning Against COVID-19

Warnings needed for prep of disinfectant solutions, use of bleach on food, applying cleaning products to skin

CDC: U.S. COVID-19 Rates Much Higher Than Reported

As of April 1, NYC had reported 53,800 cases, but actual number of infections was 12 times higher

Suicide Rate Up for Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders

Predictors of suicide death include male sex, later age at first diagnosis, prior mood disorder diagnosis

Large Losses Anticipated for Primary Care Practices in 2020

Loss of gross revenue over 2020 due to COVID-19 estimated at $67,774 per full-time physician

Government E-Cigarette Restrictions on Marketing Lower Use

Findings among repeated surveys of 16 to 19-year-olds in Canada

Blood Pressure, Retinal Vessel Diameters Connected in Children

Children with narrower central retinal arteriolar equivalent have higher systolic BP at follow-up

Incidence of VTE, Major Bleeding High in Primary CNS Lymphoma

VTE risk up with chemotherapy, radiation therapy; major bleeding risk up with PE, proximal DVT

Heart Failure Ups Risk of Death in Patients With New T2DM

Five-year risk ratio of death linked to heart failure three times higher at five years after T2DM diagnosis

Women Have More Brain Changes Related to Alzheimer Disease

Menopausal status the predictor most consistently and strongly linked to brain differences, after sex

Colchicine May Improve Time to Clinical Deterioration in COVID-19

Significant improvement seen in time to clinical deterioration for hospitalized patients with COVID-19

Complications After Colonoscopy Up for Those Aged ≥75

Other factors associated with risk include anemia, cardiac arrhythmia, hypertension, smoking history, obesity

U.S. Has Second Day of Record Rise in COVID-19 Cases; Young People Fueling Trend

In Florida, the median age of residents testing positive for the virus has dropped to 35, down from 65 in March

Black Americans More Likely to Know Someone Who Has Died of COVID-19

Poll's findings highlight significant racial differences in how Americans are being affected by the pandemic

Trump Administration Asks Supreme Court to Overturn Affordable Care Act

Oral arguments in the ACA case are scheduled for the Supreme Court's next term

Older Age, Obesity, Disability Tied to Severe COVID-19 in MS

Proportion of patients with severe COVID-19 higher among those not receiving disease-modifying therapy

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of...

Serious Resident Errors Increase When Extended ICU Shifts Are Cut

But after adjustment for number of patients per resident, errors not increased with ≤16-hour shifts

CDC Updates List of Who Is at Highest Risk for COVID-19

Agency now says risk among adults increases steadily with age, and is not limited to those over 65

Minimally Invasive Hysterectomy Tied to Worse Cervical Cancer Outcomes

Meta-analysis included 15 observational studies of minimally invasive hysterectomy versus open surgery

ED Visits for Childhood Asthma Down During Pandemic

Similar pattern observed for all levels of asthma triage acuity

Neonatal COVID-19 Uncommon, Not Linked to Mode of Delivery

Risk of transmission from mother to child is not increased with vaginal delivery or breastfeeding

Integrated Practice Unit Enhances Pediatric Aerodigestive Care

Improved health outcomes and reduced costs seen with multidisciplinary care at hospitals with IPUs

Genomewide Level Associations Identified for Severe COVID-19

Association signal spanning several genes ID'd at 3p21.31; signal at 9q34.2 coincides with ABO locus

Inhibition of Sclerostin May Increase Cardiovascular Risk

SOST genetic variants linked to lower risk for fracture and osteoporosis but higher risk for MI, major CV AEs

Sex, Ethnic Differential Patterns of COVID-19 Unexplained

Increase in COVID-19 for men, BAME not due to cardiometabolic, sociodemographic, behavioral factors

Drop in Infant Mortality Mainly Due to Drop Across Maternal Age

Changes in age distribution of women giving birth accounted for part of drop in infant mortality rates

Allopurinol Does Not Affect eGFR in Chronic Kidney Disease

And, serum urate lowering with allopurinol did not affect GFR in T1DM and diabetic kidney disease

Contraceptives Beneficial for Premature Ovarian Insufficiency

Combined oral contraceptives linked to improvement in bone mass, similar to that with high-dose HT

CDC: U.S. Salmonella Cases Linked to Backyard Poultry Reach 465

There have been 86 hospitalizations; one death has been reported

Texas Pauses Reopening as COVID-19 Cases Rise

Currently, state has more than 4,300 hospitalized COVID-19 patients

Congo Marks End of World’s Second Deadliest Ebola Outbreak

The outbreak began in August 2018 and resulted in 2,280 deaths

Risk for Hospitalization Up for Pregnant Women With COVID-19

Pregnant women with COVID-19 more likely to be admitted to ICU, receive mechanical ventilation

CDC: HIV Testing Occurs at <1 Percent of Physician Visits

Tests performed at 2.65 percent of community health clinic visits, 0.55 percent of ED visits

U.S. Burden of Skin and Subcutaneous Diseases Increasing

Increases seen across all 50 states, with geographic variation in percentage

Administrative Data Predict Mortality With Diabetes

Thirty-seven factors have good accuracy for predicting five- and 10-year mortality in older veterans

Triple Inhaled Therapy Aids in Moderate-to-Very Severe COPD

Benefit seen for twice-daily triple inhaled therapy with glucocorticoid, glycopyrrolate, formoterol

Metabolic Syndrome Up in Young Adults in the United States

Significant increases between 2011 and 2016 also seen for women, Asians, and Hispanics

Model May Help Predict Risk for Testing Positive for COVID-19

Risk reduced with pneumococcal polysaccharide, flu vaccine; melatonin, paroxetine, or carvedilol use

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Linked to Subsequent Dementia

Risk for developing Alzheimer dementia showed the greatest increase among dementia types

Suicide Risk Increased After Hip Fracture in Elderly Patients

Older patients with hip fracture have 2.97-fold increased risk for suicide in South Korean cohort

ED Use Down for MI, Stroke, Hyperglycemic Crisis in COVID-19

Drop in visits seen in the 10-week period following declaration of COVID-19 as national emergency

Odds of Pregnancy Decrease With Prolonged Embryo Storage

Likelihood of biochemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, live birth reduced with longer storage

CDC: 10.7 Percent of U.S. Adults Used Rx Pain Meds in 2015 to 2018

No change found in use of prescription opioids from 2009-2010 to 2017-2018, but increase seen in nonopioid meds

Quality of Life Worse for Cancer Patients During COVID-19

Quality of life significantly lower than reference group; symptom scales worse, including insomnia

Experts Weigh in on Pace of Reopening, Preventive Measures

Marjorie Jenkins, M.D., and Thomas Giordano, M.D., talk with HD Live! about waning social distancing measures, rising infection rates in the youth population

Cyclospora Outbreak Linked to Bagged Salad Mixes

19 people have been hospitalized; no deaths reported

J&J Ordered to Pay $2.1 Billion in Talcum Product Lawsuit

Decision reduced by more than half the record award of $4.7 billion made to the women in July 2018

Sanofi Speeds COVID-19 Vaccine Efforts

Company says it may be able to get a vaccine approved by regulators as early as the first half of 2021

Bayer to Pay $10 Billion to Settle Roundup Lawsuits

Amount includes $1.25 billion for potential future claims from people who used Roundup

Older Age, Black Race, Diabetes Up Hospitalization in COVID-19

Other characteristics independently associated with hospitalization include male sex, smoking, obesity

Patients With COVID-19 Mount Acute Cortisol Stress Response

High cortisol concentrations associated with increased mortality, reduced median survival

Tocilizumab Shows Promise for Treatment of COVID-19

Tocilizumab improves oxygenation and inflammatory biomarkers, may improve survival in severe disease

Nephrology Fellows Report Mixed Effects of EMR on Education, Time

51 percent of nephrology fellows note positive contribution, but time demands have negative impact

Small Increase Seen in Risk for Subdeltoid Bursitis With Flu Shot

Attributable risk was 7.78 additional cases of subdeltoid bursitis per million persons vaccinated

USPSTF Advises Hypertension Screening for All Adults

Blood pressure should be measured outside clinical setting to confirm diagnosis before treatment

Physical Activity Helps Avert Premature Mortality Worldwide

Median prevented fraction for premature mortality is 15.0 percent for the population globally

More Sedentary Time Tied to Higher Risk for Cancer Mortality

Replacing sedentary time with 30 minutes of light or moderate physical activity cuts risk

Asthma Seems Not to Be Linked to COVID-19 Hospitalization

No increased risk seen for hospitalization with ongoing use of inhaled corticosteroids

Convalescent Plasma Safe for Diverse Patients With COVID-19

Incidence of SAEs, including transfusion reactions, thromboembolic or thrombotic events, is low

RN Staffing Linked to COVID-19 Incidence in Nursing Homes

Increase in registered nurse staffing linked to reduction in confirmed cases, fewer COVID-19 deaths

Huge Saharan Dust Plume Will Affect Americans’ Health

Expected this week, the cloud of dust is especially large and has already hit the Caribbean

Black, Hispanic Medicare Patients Much More Likely to Be Hospitalized With COVID-19

And, risk for hospitalization for COVID-19 highest among Medicare recipients with advanced kidney disease

COVID-19 Vaccine May Be Available by Late 2020, Early 2021: Fauci

Fauci cautiously optimistic about a vaccine being available in 2020-2021 time frame

African-American Participation Inadequate in Cancer Drug Trials

Consistent underrepresentation seen in clinical trials evaluating medications across major cancer types

Subtypes, Genetic Links Identified for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Alleles in four loci linked to reproductive subtype, in one locus linked to metabolic subtype of PCOS

Racial Disparities Seen in PET/CT Imaging for Lung Cancer

Black, Hispanic patients less likely to receive recommended imaging at time of diagnosis of NSCLC

COVID-19 Hospitalization Up With Prednisone in Rheumatic Disease

No correlation seen for DMARD alone or in combination with biologics, Janus Kinase inhibitors, NSAIDs

Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis Rare With Newer GBCA Exposure

Data scant on exposure to gadolinium-based contrast agents for those with acute kidney injury, risk for CKD

Vitamin D May Cut Colitis Risk for Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Odds of developing ICI colitis significantly reduced with vitamin D use in patients with melanoma

Transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 High Within Households

No significant difference in infectivity seen for incubation period versus symptomatic period

Smoking Cessation Messages Focusing on Child Most Important

Parent smokers highly rank messages with outcomes focused on respiratory, general health, cancer

Tanezumab Improves Pain, Function in Chronic Low Back Pain

Low back pain intensity at week 16 was improved with tanezumab 10 mg versus placebo

Taste, Smell Dysfunction With COVID-19 Can Be Severe

Reduced taste and/or smell without severe nasal obstruction may be early sign of COVID-19 infection

No Big Increase Seen in Loneliness During U.S. COVID-19 Outbreak

Overall, older adults reported less loneliness compared with younger age groups

Adult T2DM Susceptibility May Be Identifiable in Children

Subtle differences in metabolic features of young people seen from 8 to 25 years of age

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax Will Generate Health Gains

Volume tax would prevent 850,000 CVD and 269,000 diabetes cases, save $53.2 billion in net costs

NIH Stops Hydroxychloroquine Trial

Although there was no harm, data and safety monitoring board found the drug 'very unlikely to be beneficial'

Children’s Robitussin Honey Cough and Chest Congestion DM Recalled

Dosing cups missing some graduation markings

Inhaled Remdesivir May Allow COVID-19 Patients to Be Treated at Home

Currently, the drug has to be given intravenously through daily infusions in the hospital

Safety Climate Perceptions Linked to Health Provider Stress

Nurses have poorest safety perceptions, lowest job satisfaction, and highest reported stress

Costs for COVID-19 High With Consumer-Directed Health Plans

Out-of-pocket costs high for consumer-directed health plan enrollees, especially younger individuals

Many U.S. Counties Lack Infectious Disease Specialists

Among 785 counties with highest quartile of COVID-19 burden, 66.4 percent have no ID physicians

Depression, Anxiety Up for New Moms During COVID-19

Scores for both depression, anxiety significantly lower for women engaging in physical activity

Heart Transplant Patients May Have Higher COVID-19 Mortality

However, presenting symptoms similar to those seen in the general population

Life Expectancy Gap Closing for Patients With HIV

But more attention needs to be paid to comorbidities in patients with HIV, authors say

22 Percent Worldwide at Increased Risk for Severe COVID-19

Those at increased risk ranged from <5 percent of those <20 years to >66 percent for those ≥70 years

Reduced Circadian Rhythmicity Tied to Increase in Parkinson Disease

Risk for developing PD about threefold higher in lowest quartile of amplitude, mesor, robustness

Multilevel Interventions May Boost HPV Vaccination Rates

Improvements in initiation and completion extend beyond conclusion of the intervention

Prone Position Ups Oxygenation in Patients With Severe COVID-19

Patients with SpO2 ≥95 percent after one hour of prone position had lower rates of intubation

Exposure to Air Pollutants, Heat Linked to Pregnancy Outcomes

PM2.5 and ozone exposure associated with elevated risk for preterm birth, low birth weight

Isolation, Contact Tracing Combo Can Cut COVID-19 Transmission

64 percent drop seen in transmission for self-isolation, household quarantine plus manual contact tracing

American Diabetes Association, June 12-16

The American Diabetes Association 80th Scientific Sessions The annual meeting of the American Diabetes Association was held virtually this year from June 12 to 16...

Scientists Say Journal Should Retract Mask Study

Study, published June 11, claims wearing a mask 'significantly reduces the number of infections' with the new coronavirus

Early Data Show No Protest-Related Increases in COVID-19 Infections

Use of masks and the fact that protests are outdoors may have helped

Stay-at-Home Orders Tied to Slowing of COVID-19 Hospitalizations

12 days after stay-at-home orders started, hospitalization growth began to deviate from projected numbers

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of...

Poll: Parents Most Concerned About Diseases From Tick Bites

Poll finds parents may be uncertain as to what type of bug repellent is best

Daily Coffee May Lower Risk for Developing Arrhythmia

Each additional cup tied to further decrease in arrhythmia risk

2019 Screening Guidelines Would Label More as T2DM Cases

Benefit would be limited because ID'd cases would have HbA1c levels below pharmacotherapy targets

Clinical, Epidemiological Features of Pediatric SARS-CoV-2 ID’d

Cough and fever most common initial symptoms; patchy lesions in lobules seen on chest CT in most patients

Telehealth Counseling Cuts Weight Regain in Rural Communities

Proportion with sustained clinically meaningful weight loss higher with individual telephone counseling

Survival Without Major Morbidity Up for Very Low Birth Weight

From 2008 to 2017, consistent increase observed in survival without major morbidity

High-Deductible Health Plans Affect Care in Bipolar Disorder

Drop in nonpsychiatrist mental health provider visits, but not psychiatrist visits, seen after switch to HDHP

Mortality Up for Rural Versus Urban Stroke Patients

Rural patients have lower use of intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular therapy

Face-Mask Use May Mitigate Spread of COVID-19

Daily COVID-19 growth rate significantly decreased after face-mask use mandated in public

Financial Hardship Linked to More ED Visits in Cancer Survivors

Medical financial hardship linked to lower uptake of influenza vaccine, lower breast cancer screening

Healthy Lifestyle May Lower Risk for Alzheimer Dementia

Risk down by 37, 60 percent for two to three, four to five versus zero to one healthy lifestyle factors

Rapid Progression Noted in Artificial Stone Silicosis

Progressive massive fibrosis increased from 6.6 to 37.7 percent after mean follow-up of 4.1 years

Court Rules Against Drug Price Disclosures in TV Ads

Judges said HHS exceeded its legal authority by requiring drug price disclosure as part of its stewardship of Medicare, Medicaid

Nine Texas Mayors Ask Governor for Power to Mandate Face Masks

Growing number of studies show face masks reduce the spread of the new coronavirus

Cardioprotective Therapy Use Lower With Cancer History

Utilization rate of antiplatelet therapies and statins significantly lower for patients with cancer history

Sociodemographic Gaps Found in COVID-19 Incidence, Knowledge

Knowledge of fomite spread lower among African-Americans, Hispanics, those younger than 30

CDC: Deaths From Exposure to Heat-Related Conditions Identified

Total of 10,526 deaths identified during 2004 to 2018; rates up for men, older adults, AI/ANs

Hyperglycemia Common in T1DM Patients With COVID-19

Most prevalent adverse outcome in those with type 1 diabetes and COVID-19 was diabetic ketoacidosis

Risk for COVID-19 Reinfection Remains Unknown

Jeffrey Shaman, Ph.D., of Climate and Health Program at Columbia University, spoke with HD Live! about COVID-19 reinfection risk

Midlife Blood Pressure During Exercise Predicts Later Heart Disease

Higher BP during exercise, delayed BP recovery after exercise tied to later hypertension, heart disease, death

Hormone Therapies Tied to Brain Changes in Menopausal Women

Circulating levels of pituitary-ovarian hormones linked to changes in WMH in menopausal women

Prevalence of DFCIs Up for Young Competitive Alpine Skiers

More distal femoral cortical irregularity found on knee MRI, mainly at medial head of gastrocnemius muscle

Globally, ~11 Percent of Children Live With One of Four Disabilities

11.2 percent of children estimated to have epilepsy, intellectual disability, vision or hearing loss in 2017

Antibiotic Prescribing High in Low-, Middle-Income Countries

Proportion of patients with inappropriate prescriptions ranged from 8 to 100 percent

Prevalence of Asthma Up for Children With Disability

Odds of asthma significantly higher for children with a disability or delay versus typically growing children

Mild Thyroid Dysfunction Common in Women With Subfertility

19.9 percent of women with history of miscarriage, subfertility have SCH when upper TSH is 2.5 mIU/L

CVD, Non-CVD Mortality Increased With Azithromycin Use

Cardiovascular death risk increased within five days of azithromycin exposure, but not at six to 10 days

Proactive Monitoring Program Beneficial for COVID-19 Home Care

Total of 6,853 patients monitored as of May 21, 2020; average of nine patients/day sent to ED

Record-High Spikes in COVID-19 Cases Seen in Arizona, Florida, Texas

Why numbers are rising has become a point of argument between politicians and scientists

U.S. Insurers Should Not Charge Copays for COVID-19 Vaccine

Government has been in discussions with insurers about covering COVID-19 vaccination at no cost to patients

Changes Proposed for Newborn Congenital Heart Disease Screen

Oxygen saturation of at least 95 percent in both upper, lower extremities required to pass

Continuous Glucose Monitoring Aids Glycemic Control in Young

And, in older adults, CGM versus blood glucose monitoring reduces time spent in hypoglycemia

Strong Support Found for Protective Practices Related to COVID-19

Most adults in N.Y.C., L.A., and across the U.S. support stay-at-home orders, closure of nonessential business

Steroid May Reduce COVID-19 Death Risk by Up to One-Third

Dexamethasone appears promising for patients with severe illness

Stressful Life Events May Up CHD Risk in Type 2 Diabetes

Findings for coronary heart disease risk seen in large study of postmenopausal women with T2DM

New Surgical Technique Used to Treat Pseudogynecomastia

Authors describe nipple-areola complex transposition on a thinned inferior dermal pedicle

Perianal Fistulizing Complications Preventable in Crohn Disease

Steroid-sparing therapy may reduce risk for PFCs in young patients with Crohn disease

Correlates of COVID-19 ID’d on American Indian Reservations

Rate of cases higher on American Indian reservations with larger proportion of homes lacking plumbing

Therapeutic Hookworm Explored for Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

No effect seen for hookworm versus placebo on number of new/enlarging/enhancing lesions

Drop in Firearm Deaths Linked to More Restrictive Gun Policies

Restrictive gun policy has 0.98 probability of being associated with decrease in firearm-related deaths