U.S. Health Care Spending Up 4.6 Percent in 2018

Acceleration in overall growth driven by faster growth in private health insurance and Medicare

Low-Dose Aspirin May Cut Dementia Risk in Women With Diabetes

However, no effect seen for lowering dementia risk in men with type 2 diabetes

Purified CBD May Help Treat Drug-Resistant Epilepsy

Those taking CBD versus placebo had greater reduction in seizures associated with tuberous sclerosis complex

ASH: AlloHSCT Feasible After PD-1, PD-L1 mAb in Hodgkin Lymphoma

Outcomes good for those treated with a PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor before undergoing allogeneic HSCT

All-Cause Mortality, Cancer Incidence Lower for Adventists

All-cause mortality lower in Adventists versus nonsmokers in general population at ages 65 and 85 years

Model Predicts Six-Month Post-AMI Mortality for Older Adults

Variables in novel model include hearing impairment, mobility impairment, weight loss, health status

Fewer Cases of Radiation-Induced Xerostomia Found With Acupuncture

Patients receiving true acupuncture have significantly lower least square mean xerostomia score

Many With Diabetes Engage in Underground Exchange of Medications, Supplies

Diabetes-specific financial stress predicts engagement in trading, receiving donated meds, supplies

Few MMR-Vaccine Eligible Children Receive Vaccine Before Travel

41.3 percent of MMR vaccination-eligible pediatric travelers received MMR vaccine at pretravel consultation

Breastfeeding May Protect Against Postpartum Relapses in MS

Pooled summary odds ratio of 0.63 found for correlation of breastfeeding with relapse

Half of U.S. Physicians Recommend Complementary Health Approaches

Massage therapy, chiropractic adjustments, herbs and supplements are most commonly recommended

Moderate, Severe Depressive Symptoms Common in Lung Cancer

Patients with severe depressive symptoms also report feelings of hopelessness, anxiety, traumatic stress

2012 to 2014 Saw 41,185 U.S. Patients With Skin Malignancy

Increase in flap reconstruction observed among patients with skin malignancy in head and neck region

Supreme Court Upholds Kentucky Abortion Ultrasound Law

Law had been challenged by the American Civil Liberties Union, will go into effect shortly

Rural Children Experiencing Higher Mortality Rates

Non-Hispanic black infants and American Indian/Alaska Native children particularly at risk

2016 to 2019 Saw Increase in Medical Students With Disabilities

Increases seen in psychological disabilities, chronic health conditions

Exposure to Air Pollution May Up Mortality After Heart Transplant

Estimated mortality hazard ratio 1.43 per 10 µg/m³ increment increase in annual PM2.5 exposure

Extending HPV Vaccination to Age 45 Provides Small Additional Benefit

Vaccinating women and men to age 45 years predicted to have high costs per QALY gained

ASH: PET Helps Tailor Therapy in Limited-Stage DLBCL

Most patients had negative PET scan and completed one additional R-CHOP cycle without radiation

New Cardiogenic Shock Staging System IDs Mortality Risk

Study is first to validate Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Intervention system

Effects of Omega-3 Fish Oil Mixed for ADHD Symptoms in Youth

Supplements may not improve cognitive symptoms in youth who have high endogenous EPA levels

Many Patients Overestimate the Benefits of PCI

Study of the informed consent process reveals 60 percent of patients mistakenly believe PCI is curative

Duration of Diabetes History Tied to Higher Short-Term Mortality Risk

Long-standing diabetes linked to higher risk for both all-cause and cardiovascular mortality

Receipt of Anticoagulant Rx in ED Linked to Use at Six Months

Findings seen in patients aged 65 years or older with atrial fibrillation who present to emergency department

Distinct Populations of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death ID’d

Two populations identified: sudden unexpected early neonatal deaths and postperinatal SUIDs

2007 to 2014 Saw Decrease in U.S. Incidence of Alzheimer Disease

Incidence varied considerably by region, ranging from 0 to more than 3 percent across population areas in 2014

Introducing Foods Early May Cut Development of Food Allergies

Factors ID'd in nonadherence, family challenges to early introduction, consumption of allergenic foods

Preterm Birth May Increase Risk for Diabetes Into Adulthood

Risk for type 1, type 2 diabetes increased at age <18 years, 18 to 43 years

More Girls Admitted With Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis

Highest admission rate seen in southern part of U.S.; number of admissions highest for white children

CDC: All 50 States Now Reporting Cases of Severe Vaping-Linked Lung Injury

As of Dec. 4, agency said it plans to only report cases that required hospitalization

Retail Prescription Drug Prices Fall for First Time in 45 Years

Decrease due to drops in generic drug prices and slow growth in the cost of brand-name medications

FDA Testing Levels of Carcinogen in Diabetes Drug Metformin

No metformin recalls affect U.S. market at the moment

Rural Population Underrepresented Among Medical Students

Number of rural medical students would need to quadruple to meet share of rural residents in U.S. population

Cellphone-Related Injuries to Head, Neck on the Rise

Many of these injuries, particularly in younger patients, result from distraction while using cellphone

Cancer Tied to Higher Risk for Deadly Stroke

Cancers of the breast, prostate, or colorectum most commonly associated with fatal strokes

Reductions in Air Pollution Yield Substantial Health Gains

Health benefits occur rapidly, with benefit of smoking ban in Ireland starting at one week

Pharmacist-Led Interventions Cut Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Interventions associated with drops in blood pressure, cholesterol, HbA1c

Social Media Use Tied to Disordered Eating in Young Teens

Association seen for both number of social media accounts and daily time spent using them

Bariatric Surgery May Raise Risk for Colon Cancer Years Later

Risk increased for colon cancer 10 to 14 years after surgery; no increase in risk found for rectal cancer

E-Cigarette Smokers Have Increased Odds of Depression

Odds of reporting depression higher with increased frequency of use among current e-cigarette users

6.5 Percent of Adults Report Prescription Opioid Analgesic Use

Percentage using prescription opioid analgesic increased with age; use up for women versus men

Racial Differences Seen With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Outcome differences may be associated with inequities in clinical care, authors suggest

Permanent Hair Dye Use Linked to Increased Breast Cancer Risk

Significantly increased risk seen in black women; risk also increased with application of dye to others

Receipt of Surgery for Early NSCLC Varies by County

25 percent absolute difference found between lowest, highest surgery receipt-rate counties in Massachusetts

Early-Onset CVD Rate Up for Children of Moms With Diabetes

Rates of early-onset CVD higher for offspring of mothers with history of CVD, diabetes complications

More Than 100 E. Coli Illnesses Now Linked to Romaine Lettuce

Twenty-three states have now reported cases, up from 19 last week; no deaths reported so far

Seven Deaths in California From Infections Tied to Black Tar Heroin

Nine people, aged 19 to 57, have been admitted to area hospitals with myonecrosis bacterial infections

Daily Cannabis Use Tied to Lower Illicit Opioid Use for Chronic Pain

Findings based on longitudinal study in Canada of people who use drugs and report chronic pain

Evidence Uncertain Whether Interventions Prevent Falls in MS

There are few studies, most of which are small trials and of low quality because of study methods

Annual Reported Measles Incidence Dropped From 2000 to 2018

Measles vaccination averted an estimated 23.2 million deaths during 2000 to 2018

RSNA: Brachytherapy Treats Skin Cancer in Elderly Patients

Brachytherapy alternative to Mohs surgery in early-stage nonmelanoma skin cancers of head, neck

First-Line Osimertinib May Up Survival in EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

For previously untreated disease, overall survival longer with osimertinib versus comparator EGFR-TKIs

Playing Analog Games Tied to Less Relative Cognitive Decline

Findings based on assessment from childhood to older age as well as from age 70 to 79 years

Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Be Underdiagnosed in Women

About six in 10 women experience obstructive sleep apnea during dream sleep, similar to men

Palm, Finger Temps Higher on Thermal Imaging in RA Patients

In all regions of interest, rheumatoid arthritis patients without active inflammation have higher temperatures

Physician Depressive Symptoms Tied to Higher Risk for Medical Errors

Bidirectional association seen between depressive symptoms and medical errors

Lower Breast Key Focus Area for Assessing Breast Aesthetics

Nipple-areola complex, lower breast are key focus areas for assessing breast aesthetics, symmetry

Deep Learning Models Can Help Interpret Chest Radiographs

Models developed to detect pneumothorax, opacity, nodule or mass, fracture on frontal chest radiographs

Mobile Stroke Unit Care May Reduce Time to Thrombolysis

Findings seen in patients with suspected acute ischemic stroke in a densely populated urban area

Adults Not Living in Metro Areas Have Reduced Access to Care

In unadjusted analyses, adults not living in MSA more likely to have financial burden linked to care

Non-HDL Cholesterol Levels Linked to Long-Term ASCVD Risk

Fifty percent reduction in non-HDLC concentration linked to reduced risk for CVD event by age 75 years

Services Affected by Rural Hospitals Joining Health Systems

Reductions seen in imaging, on-site obstetric services, on-site primary care

Ubrogepant Relieves Pain, Symptoms of Acute Migraine

More patients receiving ubrogepant 50 mg, 100 mg versus placebo report freedom from pain at two hours

Aspirin Use May Reduce Cancer, All-Cause Mortality in Seniors

Aspirin use three or more times per week tied to reduced all-cause, cancer, GI cancer, CRC mortality

New HIV Infections Remained Stable in U.S. From 2013 to 2017

Of the 1.2 million people with indications for PrEP in 2018, only 18.1 percent had been prescribed PrEP

Review: Teleneurology Feasible for Several Neurologic Disorders

Benefits seen for management of dementia, epilepsy, MS, headache, movement disorders

RSNA: Brain Changes Observed on MRI in Obese Teens

Pattern of damage seen in regions responsible for control of appetite, emotions, cognitive functions

About One in Three in ED for Low Back Pain Receive Imaging

Imaging use decreased from 34.4 percent in 2011 to 31.9 percent in 2016

Postpartum Opioid Prescription Rates Vary Widely by Hospital

However, providers within the same hospital tend to follow similar prescription patterns

Risk for Hodgkin Lymphoma Increased With Allergic Disease, Eczema

Associations attenuated but remained significant after adjustment for steroid use

Deportation Worry May Raise Risk for Hypertension in Women

Reporting 'a lot' or 'moderate' versus 'not too much' deportation worry tied to higher risk for hypertension

Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution May Increase Risk for Glaucoma

Higher PM2.5 concentration also associated with thinner macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer

Implant Survival Poor for Converted ‘Partial’ Knee Replacements

Survival significantly inferior for TKAs converted from UKAs compared with primary TKAs

T1DM May Up Progression of CAC During Menopausal Transition

Findings seen for progression of coronary artery calcium independent of other cardiovascular risk factors

ᴅ-dimer Test Adjusted to Clinical Probability IDs Low Risk for PE

Use of this diagnostic strategy results in reduction in use of chest imaging

Inhaled Cannabis Cuts Headache, Migraine Severity

Findings based on self-reports from actual medical cannabis users

Concussion May Up Risk for Suicide in High School Students

Self-reported sports-related concussion associated with risk factors for suicide completion

eBay Bans Infant Inclined Sleepers, Other Companies Urged to Do Same

Earlier this year, investigation revealed inclined sleepers linked to dozens of infant deaths

New Federal Program Provides Free HIV Prevention Drugs to Uninsured

Expanding access to PrEP is key part of government's aim of ending nation's HIV epidemic by 2030

Decline in Adult Primary Care Visits Seen in 2007 to 2016

However, visits during the time were more comprehensive, involved more electronic follow-up

Digital Sepsis Monitoring May Improve Inpatient Outcomes

Systemwide implementation presents opportunity to improve care for patients who may have sepsis

Infancy Nurse Visit Program May Reduce Public Benefit Costs

Cognitive-related skills improved for 18-year-old first-born children of nurse-visited mothers

RSNA: Biennial Mammo Returns More Advanced-Stage Cancers

Annual mammography screening, used by most patients, yields smaller and less advanced cancers

Palmoplantar Pustulosis Confirmed as Orphan Disease

However, psoriasis frequently co-occurs in patients with palmoplantar pustulosis

Childhood Adversity Linked to Borderline Personality Disorder

Findings significant across adversity subtypes with largest effects seen for emotional abuse and neglect

November 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for November 2019. This roundup includes the...

November 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Child Consumption of Sugary Drinks Down From 2003 to 2014

Decline seen across income levels, including SNAP participants

November 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Fracture Risk Increased in Adults With Atopic Eczema

Fracture risk up with increasing eczema severity, with strongest associations for spinal, pelvic, hip fracture

November 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Holding Intubated Infants in ICU Found to Be Safe, Beneficial

No increase found in adverse events with holding infants aged <6 months intubated for respiratory failure

November 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for November 2019. This roundup...

November 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Risk for Hospital Admission Up With Short-Term PM2.5 Exposure

Admissions for new causes, previously identified causes linked to short-term exposure to air pollution

November 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for November 2019. This roundup includes...

November 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Federal, State Background Check Laws Together Cut Teen Gun Carrying

Significant reduction seen with NICS plus universal background check provision at the point of sale

November 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for November 2019. This roundup includes the...

Improved Oral Hygiene May Cut Risk for Heart Failure, A-Fib

Frequent tooth brushing, professional dental cleaning linked to reduced risk for heart failure, a-fib in Korea

November 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

General Fertility Rate Declined in United States in 2018

Birth rate increased for women aged 35 to 44 years, decreased 7 percent among those aged 15 to 19

November 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for November 2019. This roundup includes the...

Current Statin Use May Lower Risk for Lethal Prostate Cancer

Strong inverse association found for PTEN-null cancer but not for PTEN-intact cancers

November 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Government Shut Down as Samoa Battles Measles Outbreak

As of Monday, 3,728 cases have been recorded; of the 53 deaths, 48 were children younger than 4

November 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Prediabetes Prevalent in U.S. Adolescents, Young Adults

Prevalence of prediabetes 18.0 and 24.0 percent among adolescents and young adults, respectively

November 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Obesity Mediates Response to Antiarrhythmic Drugs in A-Fib

Reduced response to sodium versus potassium channel blocker AADs seen in obese patients, mice

November 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for November 2019. This roundup includes...

November 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Outcomes of Hep C Screening Intervention Examined

48.1 percent of baby boomers screened for HCV, varying from 19.8 to 71.3 percent by practice

November 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for November 2019. This roundup includes the...

November 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for November 2019. This roundup includes the...

Overall, 8.5 Percent of Suicide Acts in U.S. Are Fatal

Most lethal method is firearms, with 89.6 percent of suicidal acts with firearms resulting in death

November 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

November 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for November 2019. This roundup includes the...

End-Stage Renal Disease Patients at Higher Risk for Syphilis

Study shows incidence rate three times higher than that seen in general population

November 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for November 2019. This roundup includes...

November 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for November 2019. This roundup includes the...

Study Supports PSA Screening for Male BRCA2 Carriers

Further follow-up needed to assess benefit of PSA screening in male BRCA1 mutation carriers

Diet Pill, Laxative Use in Women Tied to Later Eating Disorder Dx

Odds of incident eating disorder diagnosis up with use of diet pill, laxative for weight control

Household Environment Plays Role in MRSA Acquisition

Frequent handwashing may reduce likelihood of novel strain introduction into the household

Cancer Patients Need More Info on Side Effects of Radiation Tx

37 percent of patients experience radiation adverse effects they wished they had known more about

U.S. Adults With ASCVD Report Skipping Meds Due to Costs

Age <65 years, female sex, high comorbidity burden independently linked to cost-related nonadherence

Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns Examined for Adult, Peds HAIs

Antimicrobial nonsusceptibility less prevalent in pediatric than adult health care-associated infections

Object-Related Aspiration Deaths Decreased Among Children

1968 to 2017 saw decrease in object-related aspiration deaths among adolescents and children

Outcomes Poorer With New U.S. Donor Heart Allocation System

Early observations show lower waitlist mortality but higher posttransplant mortality or retransplantation

Exposure to Psychoactive Substances Up From 2000 to 2017

Exposure to most substances decreased, but significant increases seen in marijuana, nutmeg, and kratom

Asthma Exacerbations May Worsen Pregnancy Outcomes

Risk elevated for complications, adverse perinatal outcomes, early childhood respiratory disorders

Rates of Postoperative Mortality High for Frail, Very Frail Patients

Rates of postoperative mortality high across all levels of the Operative Stress Score for frail patients

Practice Organization Not Tied to Family Physician Burnout

Findings controlled for personal characteristics, practice organization, practice environment

Three Meds Equal as Second-Line Therapy for Status Epilepticus

Levetiracetam, fosphenytoin, valproate treat seizures unresponsive to benzodiazepine in children, adults

Fewer Interval Cancers Diagnosed With Supplemental MRI for Dense Breasts

Use of supplemental MRI results in diagnosis of fewer interval cancers than mammography alone

Continuous PPI Use May Increase Risk for Acute Gastroenteritis

Risk for acute gastroenteritis icreased for all ages combined and for those aged 45 to 64, 65 to 74, ≥75

Cancer Patients With Obesity Show Poorer Psychosocial Health

Among breast cancer and prostate cancer patients, scores for distress higher for obese than nonobese

Many Cancer Patients Interested in Pathology Consultations

Study finds patients have a strong interest in learning about their diagnosis

Longer PAP Therapy for Apnea Reduces Medical Visits, Costs

Increased therapy time for obstructive sleep apnea patients yields better results

New Screening Criteria Help Better ID Retinopathy of Prematurity

Use of criteria may substantially reduce the number of infants receiving eye exams

Large BP Variation Tied to Greater Long-Term Risk for Dementia

Dementia risk significantly increased after at least 15 years since measurement of SBP variation

Taking Multiple Fracture-Linked Meds Ups Risk for Hip Fracture

Addition of second and third fracture-associated drugs linked to increased risk for women and men

Alarm Settings of CGM Systems Impact Glucose Control in T1DM

Adjusting glucose thresholds for alarms linked to less time spent in hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia

Changes in Metabolic Syndrome Status Linked to MACE Risk

Risk for MACE decreased with recovery from metabolic syndrome, while risk up with MetS development

Dermatologists Issue Consensus Guideline for Opioid Prescribing

For most uncomplicated procedures, postop pain can be managed with acetaminophen and/or ibuprofen

Peds Cardiac Surgical Outcomes Improved in Consortium

In-hospital mortality, major complications dropped for hospitals in Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium

Death Toll in Samoa Measles Epidemic Reaches 25

More than 140 new cases reported within the past day, bringing the total to ~2,200 since epidemic began

Potentially Tainted Marijuana Sold in Colorado

To date, no reports of health problems associated with the affected marijuana have been received

U.S. Life Expectancy Dropped Since 2014 for Working-Age Adults

Life expectancy increased from 1959 to 2016 but began declining in 2014 among 25- to 64-year-olds

Nutritional Deficiencies ID’d in Teens After Bariatric Surgery

Gastric bypass tied to greater nutritional disruption than vertical sleeve gastrectomy

Decline in Primary Care Visits Continued After ACA

Post-Affordable Care Act decline in primary care contact seen for all ages, incomes

Most Toddlers Exceed Screen Time Guidelines

26.7 percent of children have an increasing screen time trajectory from age 1 to 3 years

Endocrine Therapy Lowers QOL for Breast Cancer Patients

Effects of chemotherapy found to be more transient in comparison

Risk for Skin Infections, Diabetes Increase With Statin Use

Study shows mechanism of statins can induce onset of diabetes

Rates of Joint Surgery Higher With Psoriatic Arthritis

After 15 years of follow-up, 29 percent of psoriatic arthritis patients had received surgery

Expansion of Diagnostic Criteria Proposed for COPD

Expanded diagnostic criteria used to classify individuals with possible, probable, definite COPD

Maternal Efavirenz May Up Risk for Microcephaly Among Offspring

Maternal efavirenz use tied to increased risk among children who are HIV-exposed but uninfected

Overall Rate of Pediatric Nonpowder Firearm Injuries Down

From 1990 to 2016, overall rate of these injuries declined, rate of eye injuries increased by one-third

Sleep Deprivation Affects More Than Just Attention

Effect seen on ability to complete a series of steps without losing one's place when interrupted

Elevated Risk for CVD Mortality Observed in U.S. Cancer Patients

Risk highest in the year after diagnosis but remains elevated compared with general population

Racial Differences Found in Gene Panels for Prostate Cancer Prognosis

Gene expression differs for European-American men, African-American men for three commercial panels

Poll: Adults Who Vape Often Buy From Unauthorized Sellers

83 percent of survey respondents who use e-cigarettes or vaping devices report using products with flavoring

Polio Vaccines Causing Polio Cases

Although rare, live virus in oral polio vaccine can mutate into a form that can cause new cases

Obesity Prevalence Decreased Modestly for Children in WIC

Significant decreases seen for children aged 2 to 4 years enrolled in WIC state, territory agencies

CDC: Nearly Half of TBI-Related Deaths Categorized as Intentional

During last 10 years, suicide surpassed motor vehicle crashes as leading category of TBI-related death

Hypertension During Pregnancy May Up CV Risk in Middle Age

Hypertensive disorder of pregnancy tied to higher risk for diverse range of cardiovascular conditions later

Electronic Health Record Usability Graded F by Physicians

Physician-rated EHR usability independently linked to odds of burnout

Most Teens Worldwide Are Not Exercising Enough

Findings consistent worldwide, with boys regularly more physically active than girls

Massachusetts Passes Bill to Ban All Flavored Vaping Products

Bill would also put 75 percent excise tax on vaping products

Testosterone Replacement May Benefit Younger Male Cancer Survivors

Benefits include significant improvement in body composition measurements over six months

Cognition Declines Tied to Hearing Loss Begin Early

Cognitive impairment starts as soon as hearing becomes imperfect, suggesting need for earlier testing, treatment

Policies Limit Medicaid Payment for Transplant in Alcoholic Liver Disease

Since 2011, proportion of Medicaid payment for liver transplant dropped for alcohol-related liver disease

Treatment Beneficial for Nonagenarians With Lung Cancer

Most pronounced survival benefit seen for patients with stage I disease

Use of Peritoneal Dialysis Up Since Medicare Payment Reform

More patients initiated peritoneal dialysis, switched to peritoneal dialysis after PPS initiation

COPD Mortality Rates Decreasing in Many Countries

Number of COPD deaths increased by more than 10 percent in 11 of 24 countries studied

Few Anorexia Nervosa Patients Make Complete Recovery

Caregivers ID seven domains of recovery; physical recovery occurs before social, emotional recovery

Radiation From CT Scans Linked to Thyroid Cancer, Leukemia

Elevated risk stronger in women than men; risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma increased in patients ≤45

Recommendations Developed for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Use of at least five drugs recommended for intensive-phase treatment, four drugs for continuation phase

Inducing Labor at 41 Weeks May Cut Stillbirth Rates

Rates lower compared with a wait-and-see approach with induction at 42 weeks

American Heart Association, Nov. 16-18

The American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2019 The annual meeting of the American Heart Association was held from Nov. 16 to 18 in Philadelphia and...

New Medicare Online Drug Plan Finder Might Lead to Higher Cost

Program experts and people who help with sign-ups say the tool can obscure out-of-pocket costs

DCNN Software Aids Detection of Malignant Lung Nodules on CXR

Use of software improves sensitivity of radiologists, reduces number of false-positive findings

Threshold for Breast Cancer Recurrence Score Differs by Sex

Increased mortality seen at lower ranges of Oncotype DX Breast Recurrence Score for men versus women

CDC: PCV13 No Longer Routinely Recommended for Adults ≥65

Administration of PCV13 recommended based on shared clinical decision making for older adults

AHA: Impella Use Up for PCI Patients Needing Heart Pump

However, Impella use linked to increased odds of death, bleeding, stroke

Employee Premiums, Deductibles Eating Larger Share of Income

The average deductible for a middle-income family was 4.7 percent of income in 2018

Number of Pregnant Women Taking Antidepressants Down

Findings seen in large, population-based study in Denmark from 1997 to 2016

Most Infants Susceptible to Measles by 3 Months of Age

In elimination study, 92 percent of infants had antibodies below protective threshold by 3 months

H. Pylori Infection Must Be Wiped Out to Cut Gastric Cancer Risk

Risk for gastric cancer tied to H. pylori infection higher in blacks, Asians, Hispanics/Latinos

Negative Impact Persists for Survivors of Firearm Injury

Almost half of those surviving gunshot wound had positive screen for probable PTSD