ASA: Opioid-Free Pediatric Tonsillectomy Feasible

Majority of children opioid-free intraoperatively do not need opioids postoperatively

ASA: Enhanced Recovery Program Cuts Opioid Use After Colorectal Surgery

Findings show colorectal surgical patients can better manage pain with fewer opioids

Review Links Periodontitis to Increased Odds for Hypertension

Five of 12 interventional studies confirmed reduction in hypertension after periodontal treatment

Personal Colorectal Cancer Risk Should Drive Screening

Panel issues weak recommendations for options in adults aged 50 to 79 years with no prior screening

Chiropractors, Physical Therapists Prescribe Fewer Opioids

Odds of short- or long-term opioid use higher for initial visits with physicians for low back pain

Long-Term Lung Function Declines Even for Prior Low-Intensity Smokers

Accelerated FEV1 decline found in former smokers for decades after smoking cessation

Expert Second Opinions Up Reliability of Melanoma Diagnosis

In study, none of the second opinion strategies eliminated diagnostic misclassification

Substance Use Disorder Ups Risk for Death After IE Valve Surgery

Midterm postoperative period (six months to five years) a particularly vulnerable period

Deep Learning Algorithm Uses CT to ID Intracranial Hemorrhages

Neural network as accurate as board-certified radiologists, IDs some abnormalities they miss

VA Hospitals Have Lower Rates of Adverse Events in Psychiatric Units

Adverse events, medical errors lower in VA versus community-based inpatient psychiatric units

Zantac Recalled by Sanofi

FDA has warned that some versions of the drug contain low levels of N-nitrosodimethylamine

Life-Gained Selection Maximizes Lung Cancer Screening Benefits

Selection based on gains in life expectancy can increase total life expectancy from CT screening

Recommendations Updated for Nonvariceal Upper GI Bleeding

Guidelines address preendoscopic, endoscopic, and pharmacologic management

Antiviral Antibodies ID’d in CSF of Acute Flaccid Myelitis Cases

High levels of CSF enterovirus-specific antibodies identified in AFM cases versus controls

ASA: Unnecessary Opioids Often Prescribed After C-Section

Change in computerized order sets reduces use of oxycodone to treat pain after cesarean delivery

Safe Infant Sleep Practices Suboptimal Across the U.S.

Receipt of provider advice on safe sleep practices varies but is associated with increased practice use

Long Sleep Duration Linked to Cognitive Decline in Hispanics

Long sleep duration predicts seven-year cognitive decline in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos

Trainee Demographics Tied to Passage of U.S. Surgical Boards

White and single residents more likely to pass the American Board of Surgery examinations

Public Outcomes Reporting Tied to Drop in Valve Replacements

Fewer aortic valve surgeries performed for people with endocarditis, regardless of injection drug use

Lower Birth Weight May Protect Against Allergies

However, effects might differ between allergic diseases

Atrial Fibrillation Risk Found to Be Higher Among American Indians

Findings persisted even when accounting for many other demographic and health factors

Topical Wound Oxygen Therapy Helps Heal Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Adjuvant cyclical pressure TWO2 therapy better than sham control therapy for chronic diabetic foot ulcers

Exercise Intolerance May Harm Neurocognition in ALL Survivors

Exercise intolerance tied to impaired neurocognition in adult survivors of childhood ALL

Tranexamic Acid Within Three Hours Cuts Some TBI Deaths

Patients with mild-to-moderate injury treated with tranexamic acid had reduced risk for head injury-related death

CHEST: Metoprolol Does Not Cut Time to COPD Exacerbation

Trial stopped early due to futility with respect to primary end point and safety concerns

Johnson & Johnson Recalls Baby Powder Due to Presence of Asbestos

This is the first time Johnson & Johnson has pulled its baby powder from the market

Risk for Secondary Primary Cancer Varies With Lymphoma Stage

Risk for SPMs differs over time for survivors of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma according to stage at diagnosis

Lean-Fat Individuals Have Worst Outcome in Heart Failure

Asian patients with low BMI, high WHtR have higher prevalence of diabetes, worse QoL, worse outcomes

Occupational Use of Disinfectants May Up Risk for Developing COPD

Findings seen in longitudinal study of U.S. female nurses who cleaned surfaces, medical instruments

Most Physicians Treating STIs Do Not Have Meds on Hand

Increasing availability of treatments will help public health officials stop increases in STIs, authors say

Risk of Secondary Primary Cancer Varies With Lymphoma Stage

Risk for SPMs differs over time for survivors of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma according to stage at diagnosis

Patient Cost Responsibility Up for Guideline-Discordant Care

Guideline-discordant tx linked to $1,841 higher patient costs in first year in metastatic breast cancer

Physical Therapy, Lifestyle Advice Underused in Knee OA

2007 to 2015 saw increase in use of NSAID prescriptions from orthopedists, primary care doctors

Most Cardiovascular Disease Deaths Now Occur at Home

In 2017, 27.3 percent of CVD deaths occurred in the hospital, while 30.9 percent occurred at home

Suicide Risk Up With ARB Exposure Versus ACEI Exposure

Risk for suicide increased with angiotensin receptor blockers among individuals aged 66 years and older

Use of E-Cigarettes in U.K. Tied to Quit Rates Among Smokers

Researchers estimate 50,000+ smokers in U.K. used e-cigs as part of successful quit attempt in 2017

Extended Estrogen Therapy Aids Late-Life Cognition

Benefit seen especially in older women and women initiating treatment within five years of menopause

Obesity in Early Adulthood Tied to Higher Risk for Early Mortality

Findings observed for both maintaining obesity and gaining weight early in adult life

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Linked to Choroidal Thinning in Children

Choroidal thinning associated with increased number of family smokers, quantity of secondhand smoke

CDC: Coverage 94.7 Percent for Two Doses of MMR in 2018 to 2019

2.8 percent of kindergartners were not up to date with MMR vaccination and did not have exemption

NATA: Single-Sport Focus Not Good for Children

Association says children should not play a single sport for more than eight months a year

Juul Stopping Sales of Fruit, Dessert Flavors of E-Cigarettes

Flavors dropped by Juul include mango, creme, fruit, and cucumber, which account for 10 percent of its sales

Use of Novel Therapy, Stem Cell Transplant in MM Varies by Race

African-Americans, Hispanics have longer time from MM diagnosis to novel therapy initiation than whites

Use of Deceased Donor Kidneys Varies by Center

Variation in donor utilization index based on Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network region

Artificial Pancreas Helps T1DM Patients Meet Glycemic Targets

Patients spent more time in target glycemic range with closed-loop system versus sensor-augmented insulin pump

CDC: Vaccination Coverage Generally High for Those Born in 2015-16

Uninsured children, those insured by Medicaid had lower coverage than those with private insurance

Prediagnostic Colonoscopy Cuts Colorectal Cancer Death Risk

Mortality risk drops 17 percent with one colonoscopy before diagnosis, 45 percent with three colonoscopies

Insurance Plans Vary in Policies for Gender-Affirming Surgeries

Plans often deviate from recommended criteria for coverage; some insurers categorically deny access

Experimental Growth Factor May Aid Knee Osteoarthritis

However, clinical significance uncertain as patients did not report symptom improvement

Study Looks at Pediatric Firearm-Related Eye Injuries in the U.S.

Analysis shows firearm injury risk factors vary by age and race

Risk, Severity of CTE Increase With Years of Football Played

Risk for developing chronic traumatic encephalopathy increased by 30 percent per year of football played

Depression, Anxiety, Stress Impact Adherence to Cardiac Rehab

Patients with moderate depression, anxiety, stress symptoms more likely to drop out of rehab

Quality Improvement Program Lowers Prolonged Steroid Use With IBD

Excess steroid use seen in 14 percent of patients

Outcomes Poorer for Extreme Preemies Transferred After Birth

Outcomes worse for birth in nontertiary hospital, transfer within 48 hours versus birth in tertiary hospital

PTSD Linked to Early Incident TIA, Stroke in Young Veterans

Increased risk seen in cohort of young and middle-aged veterans in unadjusted, fully adjusted models

Suicide, Homicide Rates Up Among Youth Aged 10 to 24

Suicide rates increased from 2007 to 2017, while homicide rates increased from 2014 to 2017

Tesamorelin May Aid Patients With HIV, Fatty Liver Disease

Tesamorelin significantly reduced hepatic fat fraction compared with placebo

Opioid Crisis Cost United States $631 Billion Over Four Years

Cost of opioid epidemic this year likely to be between $171 billion and $214 billion

Brain Recovery After Concussion Lags Symptom Resolution

MRI shows that different physiologic aspects of the brain vary in concussion recovery time

Statins in Childhood Aid Familial Hypercholesteremia Outcomes

Patients show slowed progression of carotid intima-media thickness, lower risk for cardiovascular disease

Surgery May Be Best Option for Some With Refractory Heartburn

Heartburn that is both truly PPI-refractory and reflux-related occurs in a minority of patients

Risk for Cancer Incidence, Mortality Increased With Psoriasis

Overall cancer mortality and mortality for liver, esophageal, pancreatic cancer up with severe psoriasis

Abnormal Menstrual Cycle Linked to Elevated Mortality

Women reporting irregular menstrual cycle at 14 to 17, 18 to 22 more likely to die from any causes

Sweetened Drinks Represent Majority of Children’s Drink Sales

Unsweetened 100 percent juice drinks represent just 38 percent of children's drink sales

Breast Reduction Surgery Improves Well-Being for Young Patients

Complications generally minor; most patients improved in physical and psychosocial well-being

Postop Opioid Rx Sevenfold Higher in U.S., Canada Versus Sweden

About 75 percent of patients in U.S. and Canada fill opioid prescriptions versus 11 percent in Sweden

Dopamine Agonists Tied to Higher Risk for Psychiatric Events

Findings seen in large study of patients with restless leg syndrome starting dopamine agonists

Maternal Lead Exposure Tied to Obesity Risk in Offspring

However, adequate maternal folate status appears to mitigate risk

Opioids May Not Be Needed for Acute Pain Control After Vasectomy

Initially prescribed opioids have higher rate of persistent use but no acute improved pain control

Boosting Testosterone Ups Women’s Athletic Performance

Authors say findings have implications for classification in international sporting competitions

High Perceived Stress Tied to Higher Blood Pressure in Blacks

Association persisted after adjustment for demographic, clinical, and behavioral factors

CDC Releases Clinical Guidance on E-Cigarette Lung Injury

Guidelines highlight importance of asking patients about e-cigarette, or vaping, use in nonjudgmental way

Meat Study Authors Have Financial Ties to Beef Industry

Annals of Internal Medicine study claims the health threat from red, processed meat is overstated

Reconstructive Surgery International Trips Are Cost-Effective and Sustainable

Benefits greatest for cancer-related conditions, cleft lip/palate, and hand conditions

Nonpharmacologic Interventions Reduce Agitation in Dementia

Nonpharmacologic more efficacious than pharmacologic interventions for reducing aggression, agitation

Decrease Seen in Football Practice-Related Concussions

In sex-comparable sports, concussion rates higher for girls; girls also had more recurrent concussions

Gastric Bypass Linked to Lower Risk for Major Birth Defects

Major birth defects recorded in 3.4 percent of infants born to mothers with gastric bypass surgery

Children With Autism Found to Have Higher Risk for Obesity

Obesity seen in 22 percent of children with autism spectrum disorders

Reconstructive Surgery International Trips Are Cost Effective and Sustainable

Benefits greatest for cancer-related conditions, cleft lip/palate, and hand conditions

Likelihood of Transplant Lower at Profit-Driven Dialysis Facilities

More research needed to understand the mechanisms behind difference in transplant access

Rates of Head, Neck Melanoma Up in North American Youth

Risk for head, neck melanoma higher for male sex, older age, non-Hispanic white ethnicity

Pulmonary Embolism Risk Elevated for More Than Six Weeks Postop

Findings based on six common surgery types in large French study

Black Patients With Diabetes Have Higher 30-Day Readmission Rates

Risk greatest for lower-income patients hospitalized in nonprofit, academic, or large hospitals

Study Compares Anticoagulants for Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Authors find rivaroxaban not noninferior to vitamin K antagonists for secondary thromboprophylaxis

Increase in Suicide Attempts Seen for Black Adolescents

Across all sex and racial/ethnic groups, linear decrease seen in self-reported suicidal ideation, suicide plans

Bipolar Disorder May Increase Risk for Developing Parkinson Disease

Literature review shows increased likelihood of idiopathic PD with previous diagnosis of BD

2009-2015 Saw Breastfeeding Up for Most Races/Ethnicities

Disparities in breastfeeding rates increased between black, white infants from 2009-10 to 2014-15

Poor Glycemic Control May Up Risk for Stroke, Death in T2DM

Risk for stroke, death increased with each 10 mmol/mol increase in HbA1c level

Too Much, Too Little Weight Gain May Harm Twin Pregnancies

Study informs guidance for ranges of safe, unsafe weight gain in twin pregnancies

Barriers to Timely Access to Pediatric Hearing Aids Identified

Severity of hearing loss lessens time from testing to ordering of hearing aids

Lumacaftor-Ivacaftor Aids Cystic Fibrosis in Real-World Setting

Improved lung function, increased BMI, reduced need for IV antibiotics seen after one year of therapy

Patient Portal Use Has Positive Impact on Preventive Health Behaviors

Portal users more likely to be younger, white, have commercial insurance, higher annual income

Global Prevalence of Pediatric Hypertension About 4 Percent

Meta-analysis of 47 articles used to estimate pooled prevalence in the general pediatric population

Patients With T2DM Who Have Flu More Likely to Be Hospitalized

Mortality risk for flu-related hospitalizations lower for those with versus without type 2 diabetes

Nearly 5 Million Youth Are Obese in the United States

Obesity rate has held steady in recent years

Caution Urged When Taking Patients Off Opioid Painkillers

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issues guidance to help doctors taper patients safely

Effects on Quality of Life Mixed for Tx of Multiple Myeloma

Reduced pain but worsening of neuropathy seen for IxaThalDex induction tx in relapsed/refractory MM

Ibrutinib Therapy Linked to New, Worsened Hypertension

Ibrutinib-related hypertension associated with increased risk for major adverse cardiovascular events

Recommendations Developed for Preventing Secondary Fractures

Coalition reaches consensus on guidance for patients 65 years and older with hip or vertebral fracture

Changes in Household Income Tied to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Drop in income linked to higher risk for incident disease, while increase in income lowers risk

Retinal Nerve Fiber Loss Linked to Disability in Multiple Sclerosis

Reductions in thickness significantly associated with physical, cognitive disability

Cost of Waste in U.S. Health System Estimated

Total annual costs of waste vary from $760 to $935 billion; estimated savings range from $191 to $282 billion

Testosterone, Estradiol Levels May Play Role in Sex Differences in Asthma

Effect of sex hormones modified by obesity in adults with asthma

Dog Ownership May Lower Risk for Death After Major CV Event

And, review shows dog ownership tied to reduced risk for all-cause, cardiovascular mortality

Proportion of Seniors Taking Antidepressants Has More Than Doubled

But no change was seen in prevalence of depression from 1990-1993 to 2008-2011

2017 to 2018 Saw Increases in Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis

Higher rates of chlamydia seen among teens, young adults; men who have sex with men driving syphilis up

California Pharmacists Can Dispense HIV Prevention Meds Without Rx

Medications include both preexposure prophylaxis and postexposure prophylaxis

Walgreens and Kroger Halt E-Cigarette Sales

Decision due to the 'increasingly complex regulatory environment associated with these products'

American Airlines Passengers May Have Been Exposed to Hepatitis A

Airline is working with the CDC to coordinate 'any required health and safety related measures'

Only Half of Pregnant Women Receive Recommended Vaccines

Influenza and whooping cough remain a major source of hospitalizations among pregnant women, infants

Primary Care Appointment Time Impacts Prescribing of Opioids

Appointment time and running behind schedule significantly affect likelihood of opioid prescription

Aggressive Lowering of HbA1c in T1DM Does Not Reduce Eye, Kidney Disease

Sweden's lower HbA1c target values not linked to further organ protection

PARP Inhibitor Slows Progression of Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Veliparib added to chemotherapy, continued as maintenance tx prolongs progression-free survival

Burnout Linked to Poor Quality Care in Published Literature

But effect size may be smaller than reported, especially for objective quality measures

Hydroxychloroquine Blood Levels Predict Retinopathy Risk in Lupus

Prospective cohort study demonstrates link between HCQ blood levels and retinopathy risk

Pediatric Firearm Injury Prevention Research Underfunded

30-fold increase in firearm injury research needed for funding to correspond with mortality burden

Increasing Intake of Any Sugary Drink Ups Diabetes Risk

Substituting one sugary drink daily with one water, coffee, or tea lowers risk

Teens Using Oral Contraceptives Report More Depressive Symptoms

No association seen between oral contraceptives, depressive symptoms when ages 16 to 25 years were combined

Back Sleeping in Late Pregnancy Linked to Lower Birth Weight

Authors say this is a modifiable risk and campaigns should target third-trimester side sleeping

Indoor Tanning May Up Risk for Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Dose-response association found between indoor tanning and SCC risk among women

Treatment of Male Breast Cancer Has Evolved From 2004 to 2014

Significant increases seen in total mastectomy, radiotherapy after breast conservation, endocrine tx

Bill Aims to Limit Nicotine in E-Cigarette Products

Bill would restrict nicotine content to a maximum of 20 mg/mL

Mortality Down for Autoantibody-Associated Vasculitides Patients

Average annual decline of 1.6 percent in AAV-related mortality rate seen from 1999 to 2017 in the U.S.

OTC Meds Often Used in Drug-Related Suicide Attempts in Youth

ADHD meds commonly used by those aged 10 to 15 years, while sedative/hypnotics used more by older youth

Many Perceive People With Mental Illness as Dangerous

By 2018, more than 60 percent perceived those with schizophrenia as dangerous; many support coercive treatment

Low-FODMAP Diet Relieves Gut Symptoms for More IBD Patients

Adequate relief of gut symptoms reported for more patients following low-FODMAP versus control diet

Older Adults Have Mixed Feelings About Telehealth Visits

Only 4 percent of older adults have had a video-based telehealth visit in the past year

Financial Incentives Have Short-Term Effect on BP Control

Findings seen in randomized trial of highly disadvantaged patients with uncontrolled HTN

Hysterectomy Technique Tied to Poorer Uterine Cancer Outcomes

Uncontained uterine power morcellation tied to higher mortality in women with undetected uterine cancer

Data Suggest Viral Etiology for Pediatric Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Seventy-nine percent of confirmed cases of AFM had antecedent respiratory or febrile illness

Guideline for Community-Acquired Pneumonia Updated

Recommendations relate to diagnosis, management; recommend against routine use of Gram stain, culture

Survey: Many U.S. Adults Not Planning to Get Flu Vaccine

Vaccine knowledge and anticipated rates of vaccination even lower for pneumococcal disease

eGFR Affects Risk for Opioid-Related Death, Hospitalization

Relative risk for death associated with opioids higher at lower estimated glomerular filtration rate

With Comorbidities, Less Than Six Hours of Sleep Ups Risk for Early Death

Risk for dying from heart attack, stroke twofold higher among those with high BP, diabetes and short sleep

Fairly Modest Weight Loss Tied to Diabetes Remission

Authors say more should be done to support weight loss early in the disease trajectory

Considerable Proportion of ICU Admissions May Be Preventable

ICU hospitalizations for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions have decreased during a 10-year period

Medicaid Pays 75 Percent of What Medicare Pays for Spine Surgeries

Study authors report differences in reimbursement for certain procedures may impact access to care

PCI, CABG for Left Main CAD Have Similar Five-Year Outcomes

Findings reported for composite outcomes for 1,905 patients with left main coronary artery disease

Drug Combo Extends Survival in Advanced Breast Cancer

Benefit seen for addition of CDK4/6 inhibitor after progression of disease on endocrine therapy

North Carolina Outbreak of Legionnaires’ Traced to Hot Tub Display

Walking by display of hot tubs is likely source of disease, state health officials say

Food Insecurity Linked to Chronic Disease in Young Adults

Second study shows food insecurity linked to mental health problems, poorer sleep outcomes

Hepatitis C Virus Infection Rates Up for Women Giving Birth

Rates of HCV infection are much higher among women with opioid use disorder

Triplet Tx Ups Survival in BRAF V600E-Mutated Colorectal Cancer

Overall survival longer for encorafenib, cetuximab, and binimetinib combo versus standard therapy

Older Adults Need More Help Navigating Health Care System

Better understanding of health insurance benefits may help with navigating health care system, survey finds

Few Older European Men Aware of Prostate Function

New survey reveals low levels of awareness about prostate health in men older than 50 years of age

PTSD Symptoms Tied to Higher Risk for Ovarian Cancer

Correlation moderately attenuated after adjustment for health and ovarian cancer risk factors

Changes in Air Pollution Levels May Affect Risk for Preterm Birth

For second pregnancy, risk higher among low-risk women with high, persistent air pollution exposure

Enhanced Recovery Program Aids Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Extended hospital stays after surgery reduced by almost half with no adverse effects

Risk Calculator Can Help Predict Postmenopausal Morbidity

The online tool assesses risks for heart disease, stroke, falls, cancer for postmenopausal women

Universal Screening for Autism Feasible in Pediatric Network

Sensitivity of 38.8 percent found for M-CHAT/F; specificity lower in children of color, lower-income households

2014 to 2018 Saw Decrease in Twin Birth Rate in U.S.

Four percent decrease to 32.6 twins per 1,000 total births marked lowest rate in more than a decade

Ligelizumab Safely, Effectively Treats Hives

Doses of 72 mg or 240 mg tied to complete control of symptoms after 12-week trial

Three-Drug Single Inhaler Treats Uncontrolled Asthma in Adults

Findings seen in two large international clinical trials comparing three-drug inhaler to two-drug inhaler

United States Will Keep Measles Elimination Status

Elimination status can be removed by the WHO when measles has been spreading continuously for a year

Cases of Serious Vaping-Linked Lung Injury Now Top 1,000

New England Journal of Medicine article presents lung histopathology findings from recent cases

Factors Predict Low BMD in Pediatric Blood Cancer Survivors

Low bone mineral density detected during guideline-recommended dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

2014 to 2018 Saw Drop in Flavored Tobacco Products in Youth

Current use of flavored e-cigarettes among high school students increased during same period

Hyperemesis Gravidarum Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder

Rates of ASD increased for children exposed to HG in utero; risk up for boys, girls, whites, Hispanics

Risk Tool Can Predict Heart Failure in Patients With Diabetes

AI model integrates readily available clinical, laboratory, and electrocardiographic data

Hypothermia Aids Cardiac Arrest With Nonshockable Rhythm

Higher percentage of patients survived with favorable neurologic outcome at day 90

Smartphone-Operated One-Lead ECG Detects A-Fib, Flutter

High sensitivity, specificity demonstrated for atrial arrhythmia

Gradual ACS Symptom Onset Linked to Delay in Presentation for Acute Care

More than half of men with abrupt onset of symptoms, STEMI reported symptoms triggered by exertion

Care at High-Volume Facility May Cut Mortality in Multiple Myeloma

Mortality did not differ for those treated by NCICCC MM specialists, highest-volume community oncologists

Monitoring HTN Med Adherence Does Not Improve BP Control

Text messaging and remote monitoring can aid adherence but not blood pressure control

Youngest in Classroom at Higher Risk for Diagnosis of Depression

Children at young relative age within the school year also at higher risk for ADHD, intellectual disability

Obesity Associated With Higher Risk for Chronic Diarrhea

Relationship appears independent of dietary, lifestyle, psychological, medical comorbidities

Few Critical Care Nurses Feel Competent in Providing Palliative Care

Moral distress levels vary with perceived use of care; higher levels of distress seen with less frequent use

Only Half of Ear, Nose, Throat Infections Receive Recommended Antibiotics

First-line antibiotics prescribed at 50 percent of outpatient visits for pharyngitis, sinusitis, otitis media

Breast Cancer Mortality Rate Continues to Decline in the U.S.

Pace of decline slowed from 1.9 percent during 1998 to 2011 to 1.3 percent during 2011 to 2017

Johnson & Johnson Settles Opioid Suit With Two Ohio Counties

Drug maker agrees to pay Cuyahoga and Summit counties $10 million without admitting liability

Bans on Flavored Electronic Cigarettes Continue

Los Angeles also banning flavored tobacco products, chewing tobacco, and menthol cigarettes

Urinary Catheters Not Needed for Joint Replacement Surgery

There is no increased risk for adverse genitourinary complications without the catheter

Early Adult Income Volatility Tied to Later Brain Health

Association found between income volatility, cognitive function, brain integrity

Isoniazid Tx to Prevent TB Ups Risks During HIV+ Pregnancy

Deferring treatment until after delivery appears to be safer option

Medicare Spends More Than $6 Billion on Secondary Fractures

A fracture should trigger clinical attention to reduce the risk for future fractures, authors say

September 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for September 2019. This roundup includes...

September 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

North Carolina Legionnaires’ Case Count Climbs to 79

Health officials have not found cause of the outbreak

September 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

September 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Elderly Who Start Thiopurine Tx for IBD Have Higher Risk for AEs

Advanced age, female gender are independent risk factors for adverse events

September 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Incidence of HPV-Positive Head and Neck Cancer Up in the U.S.

From 2013 to 2014, incidence of HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancers was 4.62 per 100,000 persons

September 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Asthma-Related ED Use Up for Children With Anxiety, Depression

Children with asthma and anxiety, depression, or both have increased rates of asthma-linked ED use

September 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for September 2019. This roundup...

September 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Uptitration of Drugs Varies With Target Dosage in Chronic HF

When target is higher versus lower dosage, uptitration stops further from recommended dosage

September 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for September 2019. This roundup includes...

September 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Food Insecurity Prevalent Among Medicare Enrollees

Odds of food insecurity up with reporting four or more chronic conditions, depression, anxiety

September 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for September 2019. This roundup includes the...

Marine Omega-3 Supplements May Lower CVD Risk

Updated meta-analysis shows lower risks for MI, CHD death, total CHD, CVD death, total CVD

September 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

September 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Decrease in Stroke Incidence Continued Through 2017 in ARIC

Decrease in stroke rates for 1987 to 2011 extended to 2017; decrease seen across decades, sex, race

September 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for September 2019. This roundup includes the latest...