Polypharmacy Ups Postchemo Hospitalization Risk in Seniors

Findings seen in older patients with prostate, breast, and lung cancers

March 2020 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for March 2020. This roundup...

March 2020 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Four Trajectories of Peer Victimization ID’d Across Childhood

Paternal history of antisocial behavior tied to moderate-emerging, high-chronic versus low peer victimization

March 2020 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for March 2020. This roundup includes...

March 2020 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Burden of Childhood Cancer Can Be Diminished

Comprehensive scale-up of interventions could avert 6.2 million deaths in children with cancer

March 2020 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for March 2020. This roundup includes the...

Patients With Mild COVID-19 May Present With Digestive Symptoms

Many with digestive symptoms present with diarrhea; 62.4 percent with digestive symptoms have fever

March 2020 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

ENDO: Liraglutide May Benefit Adolescents With Obesity

Reduction in BMI standard-deviation score greater for liraglutide + lifestyle therapy versus placebo

March 2020 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for March 2020. This roundup includes the...

Ocular Abnormalities Seen in One-Third of COVID-19 Patients

Patients with ocular symptoms more likely to have higher white blood cell count, neutrophil count

March 2020 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for March 2020. This roundup includes...

March 2020 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for March 2020. This roundup includes the...

March 2020 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for March 2020. This roundup includes the...

March 2020 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for March 2020. This roundup includes the...

March 2020 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for March 2020. This roundup includes...

March 2020 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for March 2020. This roundup includes the...

March 2020 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for March 2020. This roundup includes the...

March 2020 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

ENDO: Glycemic Control Good for Regular Human Insulin With V-Go

Mean change in HbA1c not significantly different with regular human insulin, rapid-acting insulin

March 2020 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

Low Vitamin D May Reduce Mobility After Hip Fracture Surgery

Rates of walking at 30 days higher for those with 25(OH)D levels ≥12 ng/mL versus <12 ng/mL

March 2020 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

March 2020 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest...

ENDO: Diabetes Diminishes Weight Loss Effect of Bariatric Surgery

Those without diabetes had increased odds of achieving 50 percent or more excess body-weight loss

ENDO: Real-World Data Analyzed for Use of Insulin Pump in T1DM

Subgroup analysis shows time spent in target glucose range increased in auto mode versus manual mode

Doctors, Hospitals, Pharmacies Warned Not to Stockpile Meds

Professional societies issue stern warning not to inappropriately prescribe meds for COVID-19

Statement Issued on Use of Anesthesia Machines as Ventilators

FDA issues Emergency Use Authorization allowing for emergency use of certain anesthesia ventilators

FDA Grants First Approval of Convalescent Plasma Therapy in COVID-19 Patient

Houston Methodist first to receive eIND approval for convalescent plasma in individual patient

Exclusive Breastfeeding for First Three Months May Cut Allergy Risk

Findings show lower risk for respiratory allergies and asthma at age 6 years

Isradipine Does Not Slow Early Parkinson Disease Progression

Change in total Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale score similar for isradipine versus placebo

Methylation Analysis of cfDNA IDs >50 Cancer Types

Sensitivity increased with increasing stage from 39 percent in stage I to 92 percent in stage IV

Inconsistent Bedtime May Affect Cardiovascular Health

Going to bed even 30 minutes later than normal can lead to higher resting heart rates through most of the next day

ENDO: Thyroid Hormone Use May Up Mortality Risk in Older Adults

Increased risk for death seen for visits on LT4 versus those with isolated elevated TSH who were untreated

WHO Issues Guidance on Prevention of COVID-19 at LTCFs

Long-term care facilities should ensure there is an infection prevention and control focal point

CVD May Play Role in Link Between Air Pollution, Dementia

Heart failure, ischemic heart disease, stroke may contribute to link between air pollution and dementia

Artificial Intelligence Framework May Predict ARDS in COVID-19

Increases in elevated ALT, myalgias, hemoglobin predictive of acute respiratory distress syndrome

Extreme High Temps More Than Double Cardiovascular Deaths

Extreme temperatures -- 109 degrees -- seen frequently in some parts of the world raise risks from climate change

ASA Warns Against Multiple Patients Per Ventilator

Sharing mechanical ventilators should not be attempted, could put patients at increased risk

Higher Risk for Bone Fractures Seen After Bariatric Surgery

Risk highest with gastric bypass versus vertical banded gastroplasty or gastric banding

ED Visit Provides Opportunity to Discuss Contraception With Teens

Two-thirds of girls seen in pediatric emergency department interested in discussing contraception

Proportion of Teens Receiving Mental Health Care Steady

Changes seen in the sociodemographic profile of teens getting care, reasons for care, service settings

Consistent Sleep in Early Adulthood May Cut Diabetes Risk

Findings seen in women; associations weakened after adjusting for obesity, other metabolic comorbidities

Concomitant Myocardial Injury With COVID-19 Infection Linked to Fatal Outcome

Elevated TnT levels associated with arrhythmias, use of glucocorticoid therapy, mechanical ventilation

Postpartum Psych Disorders Lower Odds of Subsequent Children

Reduction in rate of having second live birth disappears if the first child dies

Chronic Kidney Disease Linked to Uncontrolled Blood Pressure

Second study shows ambulatory BP patterns not tied to cognitive impairment or frailty in CKD patients

ENDO: HbA1c Tied to Cognition in T2DM Patients After Lacunar Stroke

Increase in HbA1c over time linked to decrease in Cognitive Assessment Screening Instrument score

U.S. Army Opens Field Hospital in New York City

Field hospital in Manhattan meant to handle non-COVID-19 patients to free up space in city hospitals

Expressive Language Sampling Feasible in Fragile X Syndrome

Evidence of convergent construct validity seen for measures of vocabulary, syntax, unintelligibility

Half of Americans Anxious About Getting COVID-19

And more than half of adults report concern about the financial impact of the pandemic

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of...

Moderate Maternal Fish Intake May Aid Child Metabolic Health

But high maternal mercury exposure tied to unfavorable metabolic profile in children

New Tool Measures Quality of Life With Autism Across Life Span

Online survey completed by individuals with autism, parent proxies shows lower QOL across age groups

Pregnancy-Related Factors Linked to Risk for Psychosis in Child

Review and meta-analysis ID 30 factors that raise risk for child psychosis, five factors that protect

ACC: Increase Seen in Death Rates Due to Hypertension-Related CVD

2007 to 2017 saw increase in death rates in rural and urban populations, for all age groups, both sexes

ACC: E-Cigarette Use Continues to Rise

Authors say long-term health consequences remain unknown

Vitamin C May Reduce Ventilation Time in Critically Ill Patients

Review shows vitamin C can shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation by an average of 25 percent

Online Patient Portal Access Aids Diabetes Management

Significant benefit seen for medication adherence, glycemic control with online portal access

Higher Intake of Fruits, Vegetables Tied to Fewer Menopause Symptoms

Higher intake of citrus fruits especially tied to lower total menopause rating scale score

Temperature Impacts Likelihood of Bad Mental Health Days

Cooler days decrease, while hotter days eventually increase, chance of reporting bad mental health days

BP Load No Aid to Prognosis in Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease

But high average blood pressure on 24-hour test strongly predicts child's cardiac, kidney disease risk

Late-Life Depression Severity Varies by Race, Ethnicity

Differences identified in depression severity, symptom burden, and depression care

Three Neonates Born to Mothers With COVID-19 ID’d as Positive

One of three neonates was born early; all three had pneumonia on chest radiographic imaging

Acute Kidney Injury Seems to Promote Renal Cell Carcinoma

AKI promotes the development of papillary renal cell carcinoma from single progenitors

Lung Recruitability Can Be Assessed at Bedside in COVID-19

Increased lung recruitability seen with alternating body position between supine and prone positioning

Increased Risk for SARS-CoV-2 Seen in Cancer Patients in Wuhan

Of the 12 patients with COVID-19, six developed severe acute respiratory syndrome; three died

Gilead Backs Down on Special Designation for Possible COVID-19 Drug

Pharmaceutical company had asked the FDA to designate remdesivir an 'orphan drug'

Workers at Risk for COVID-19 Exposure Can Access Online Training

The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences launched virtual training website to protect workers

Past-Year Methamphetamine Use 6.6 Per 1,000 in 2015 to 2018

Odds ratios for past-year use up for men, those with co-occurring substance use and mental illness

Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder 18.5 per 1,000 at Age 8

For children aged 4 years with ASD, 84 percent had a first evaluation at ≤36 months

ACC: Statins Cut Heart Failure Risk in Early Breast Cancer Treatment

Risk for heart failure hospital visit declined with statins for women receiving anthracyclines, trastuzumab

Fostemsavir Active in Multidrug-Resistant HIV-1 Infection

Reduction in HIV-1 RNA level significantly greater for fostemsavir versus placebo in randomized cohort

Reduction Noted in Transfusion Burden With Luspatercept

Reduction seen with luspatercept versus placebo for patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia

CDC: Rates of STIs Up From 2016 to 2018 Among Women Giving Birth

Rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis increased 2, 16, and 34 percent, respectively

Prophylactic Manual Acupuncture Reduces Migraine Days

Manual versus sham acupuncture resulted in greater reduction in migraine days, attacks

Prospective, Randomized Studies of AI Lacking in Medical Imaging

Many studies claiming artificial intelligence as good as humans are of poor quality, with high risk for bias

Distance to Kidney Transplant Center Does Not Affect Referral

No impact found on transplant referral and evaluation initiation based on distance for ESKD patients

Many Older Adults Receive Inpatient Diabetes Rx Intensification

Benefit unlikely in half due to limited life expectancy or already being at their HbA1c goal

National Health Spending Expected to Increase Through 2028

National health expenditures expected to represent 19.7 percent of gross domestic product by 2028

36 Percent of Available Hospital Beds Unoccupied on Typical Day

Leading up to COVID-19 outbreak, 2.2 hospital beds available per 1,000 persons, but most occupied

Cardiac Injury Linked to Increased Mortality in COVID-19

More hospitalized patients with cardiac injury required noninvasive or invasive mechanical ventilation

FDA Issues Safety Alert for COVID-19 Risk With Fecal Transplant

Studies have recently shown SARS-CoV-2 present in stool of infected patients, suggesting transmission risk

FDA Eases Access to Blood Plasma Treatment for COVID-19 Patients

Patients receive injections of blood plasma taken from people who have recovered

FDA Warns of Defective EpiPen Dangers

Devices may activate prematurely if the blue safety release is removed using sideways force

Daily Low-Dose Aspirin Does Not Cut Dementia Risk in Seniors

Risks for dementia, probable Alzheimer disease, MCI not reduced by low-dose aspirin versus placebo

Article Addresses Allocation of Ventilators During Pandemic

Determining allocation should include ethical considerations, ability of facilities to incorporate ventilators

ACC: Many Seniors Hospitalized for Heart Failure Not Tested for CAD

Rates of testing for coronary artery disease higher for heart failure patients with LVEF ≤40 percent

CDC: Prevalence of Any Past, Present Hep B Infection 4.3 Percent

Prevalence of HBV higher for men than women; vaccination higher among women than men

Proton Pump Inhibitors May Up Fracture Risk in Children

Small but significant risk seen for upper-limb and lower-limb fractures

Artificial Intelligence Model Can Detect COVID-19 on Chest CT

Sensitivity and specificity for detecting COVID-19 90 and 96 percent, respectively, with AUC of 0.96

Guidance Issued for Perioperative Management of COVID-19 Patients

Dedicated OR equipped with negative pressure system, dedicated anesthesia machine required

Anesthesia Procedure Outlined for Emergency Surgery in COVID-19 Patients

Fast induction of anesthesia with adequate muscle relaxation recommended to prevent cough

Information on COVID-19 Provided for Gastroenterologists

COVID-19 can include GI symptoms such as diarrhea; gastrointestinal tract is potential route of infection

No Evidence Found for SARS-CoV-2 Vertical Transmission to Fetus

No maternal-fetal transmission of SARS-CoV-2 seen to date in pregnant women with COVID-19

Plant-Based Proteins Can Help Cut Risk for Coronary Heart Disease

Association strongest among premenopausal women, postmenopausal women without hormone use

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Tied to Brain Changes

Greater amyloid burden seen in regions of the brain tied to Alzheimer disease

Recommendations Issued for Pediatric Abuse-Related Head Trauma

Recommendations for pediatricians include remaining vigilant for signs, consulting subspecialists

Shortages Seen for Drugs That Show Promise Against COVID-19

Patients who currently rely on remdesivir or hydroxychloroquine now facing dangerous shortages

FDA: Insulin Among Drugs Transitioned to Biological Products

New regulatory pathway for biologic drugs allows for approval of biosimilars, interchangeable versions

Triple Therapy Cuts Mortality in Patients With Symptomatic COPD

All-cause mortality risk significantly lower for triple-drug regimen versus one of two dual-drug regimens

More Steps in a Day Tied to Lower Risk for Death

Step intensity not linked to significantly lower mortality risk after adjusting for total steps per day

Many Children in the United States Still Have Poor Diets

More than half of children aged 6 to 11 years, 12 to 19 years estimated to have poor diet in 2015-2016

IDSA Issues Recommendations for COVID-19 Testing

Four-tier approach prioritizes ICU patients, those with symptoms and contact with a patient or travel history

Virtual Reality Can Help Assess Glaucoma-Related Visual Disability

Virtual reality simulations show lighting, task affect vision-related disability caused by glaucoma

Interleukin-1β Inhibition Linked to Reduced Incidence of Anemia

Among those with baseline anemia, hemoglobin levels improved with canakinumab versus placebo

Early Age at Puberty Linked to Increased T2DM Risk in Men

Early age at peak height velocity also an independent predictor for insulin treatment for T2DM

More Americans Recognizing Importance of COVID-19 Safety Measures

Yet many Americans still believe they have little chance of catching the virus

Guidance Issued for Prenatal Care in Setting of COVID-19

Elective, nonurgent visits to be postponed; lab work, US should be performed during in-person visits

Management of Elective Surgery Reviewed in Setting of COVID-19

Two sets of recommendations relate to management of elective surgery, triage of nonemergent operations

10-Year Outcomes Similar for H-IMRT, C-IMRT in Prostate Cancer

10-year cumulative incidence of biochemical and/or clinical disease failure no different with C-, H-IMRT

Cumulative Dose of Oral Steroids Associated With HTN Incidence

Incidence of hypertension higher for adults on oral steroids for any of six chronic inflammatory diseases

Gender-Concordant ID May Aid Mental Health in Trans Adults

Benefits include less psychological distress, lower prevalence of suicidal thoughts, planning

CDC: Modest Decreases Seen in TB Cases, TB-Related Deaths

From 2017 to 2018, 2 and 5 percent declines seen in incident TB and TB-related deaths, respectively

1990 to 2017 Saw Increases in Primary Liver Cancer Cases

PLC cases diagnosed before age 30 decreased, but those diagnosed at 30 to 59, ≥60 years increased

Frailty Predicts Adverse Outcomes After Mitral Valve Replacement

Index hospitalization costs almost doubled in frail patients and 30-day readmission more frequent

Article Addresses Management of Cancer Care During COVID-19

Patient information should be provided; well visits should be rescheduled, transitioned to telemedicine

Mental Health at Risk for Health Care Workers Treating COVID-19

Nurses, women, frontline health care workers caring for COVID-19 patients at greater mental health risk

Iron Chelation Therapy Treats Iron Overload in MDS

Event-free survival prolonged with ICT for patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes

Tool Aids Safe Fasting for T2DM Patients Observing Ramadan

Greater improvements in glycemic control seen for patients using fasting algorithm versus usual care

2nd Trimester Antibiotic Exposure May Up Risk for Offspring Obesity

Exposure in infancy might also increase the risk for childhood overweight or obesity

Patients Underestimate Length of Mohs Surgery Scars

Physicians more accurately estimate scar length and can help set expectations

Most Emergency Providers Have Little Firearms Safety Experience

However, 59.1 percent report encountering firearms in ED or immediate environment at least once a year

Incidence of Subclinical CT Changes High in COVID-19 Cases

Milder severity seen on CT for asymptomatic versus symptomatic Diamond Princess cruise ship cases

Incidence of Tuberculosis High in Children Exposed to the Disease

Preventive therapy effective in most TB-infected children if given before development of active disease

Lopinavir-Ritonavir No Benefit in Adults With Severe COVID-19

No benefit seen in time to clinical improvement, mortality at 28 days compared with standard care alone

2017 to 2018 Saw Drop in Overdose Death Rates Involving Opioids

But rates involving synthetic opioids increased

E. Coli Outbreak Tied to Clover Sprouts Rises to 39 Cases in Six States

25 new cases Feb. 26; two people have been hospitalized

Statement Addresses Concerns About Heart Meds and COVID-19

Patients advised to continue ACE inhibitors/ARBs after researcher posits risk for severe COVID-19 infection

Young Cancer Survivors Have More Financial, Food Insecurity

Cancer survivors aged 18 to 39 have consistently higher 'very worried' levels about retirement, bills

Homeless Patients With AMI Have Distinct Risks, Outcomes

Homeless patients have higher 30-day readmission rates, more readmission for psychiatric causes

Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms May Up Health Risks in Drug Injectors

Opioid withdrawal symptoms linked to higher risk for receptive syringe sharing, nonfatal overdose

Large Decrease Seen in Melanoma Mortality From 2013 to 2016

Overall mortality decrease started in 2013 following introduction of 10 new treatments in 2011

Digestive Symptoms Reported for About Half of COVID-19 Patients

Likelihood of being cured, discharged higher for patients without versus with digestive symptoms

U.S. Seniors at Higher Risk for Severe Illness, Death With COVID-19

Twenty-nine percent of COVID-19 cases with known age were 20 to 44 years old

Poor Sleep Quality Linked to Greater Food Intake, Worse Diet

Poorer sleep quality linked to lower unsaturated fat intake and higher food weight, added sugar intake

Antibiotics in First Year of Life May Up Risk for T1DM by Age 10

Antibiotic prescriptions for ear, respiratory tract infections major driver for increased risk

Sports Concussion Recovery May Be Slower Than Thought

At two weeks postinjury, less than half of patients are recovered, regardless of age

Bariatric Surgery Tied to Lower Long-Term Risk for Major CV Events

Reduction mainly due to decrease in myocardial infarction, but not in acute ischemic stroke

COVID-19 Preparedness for Radiology Departments Outlined

Preparedness includes early detection and limiting exposure of health care workers, hospital employees

Low Muscle Mass, Density Linked to Shorter Survival in Lymphoma

13 percent of DLBCL patients had LMM, LMD, which was associated with shorter OS and PFS

Drop in Episodic Memory Steeper With High Goal Disengagement

Cognitive decline worse for retired versus employed individuals with high goal disengagement, women

Demographics May Predict Choice to Not Vaccinate Children

Demographic and socioeconomic factors linked to rates of conscientious vaccination exemption

Copper Intrauterine Devices Tied to Lower Risk for Cervical Cancer

Findings based on comparison to hormonal intrauterine devices

Teens Who Try E-Cigs First Less Likely to Smoke Cigarettes

Odds of smoking cigarettes reduced for those first using e-cigarettes rather than other tobacco products

Single THC Dose Can Induce Psychiatric Symptoms in Adults

Compared with placebo, single THC dose increased total symptom severity with a large effect size

U.S. May Not Have Enough Ventilators for COVID-19 Patients

About 960,000 COVID-19 patients may need to be put on ventilators at some point

Chinese Researchers Say Flu Drug Effective Against COVID-19

Scientists believe that favipiravir blocks the coronavirus from replicating in the body

COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran Likely to Be Substantial

Estimated 18,300 COVID-19 cases in Iran had to have occured to observe reported internationally exported cases

Surgery Superior to Nonoperative Care for Persistent Sciatica

Leg pain intensity score lower at six months with microdiscectomy versus standard nonoperative care

Most Mass Shooting Events Occur Close to Nontrauma Centers

About half of all events occurred more than 10 miles from a pediatric trauma center

Staff Collaboration Not Lowered by Internationally Trained Nurses

Higher levels of internationally trained nurses in U.S. hospital units do not hamper staff collaboration

Metformin Could Reduce Obesity in Children

Metformin therapy reduces some indices of obesity in children and adolescents, review shows

Opioid Use Prior to Discharge After C-Section Tied to Later Use

Level of opioid use within 24 hours predischarge linked to level of use for four weeks postdischarge

Wide Variation Seen in Screening Practices forType 2 Diabetes

Variation exists regardless of guideline-based screening strategy used

Sociodemographic Disparities Seen for Outpatient Orthopedic Care

Racial/ethnic minorities, people with lower incomes, publicly insured are less likely to receive office-based care

Common Features on Chest CT May Aid Diagnosis of COVID-19

Among first COVID-19 patients in China, chest CT missed only 4 percent of diagnoses

Noncitizens Undertreated for Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Findings seen for high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes versus born or naturalized U.S. citizens

Climate Similar in Cities With Biggest Outbreaks of COVID-19

Cities with significant outbreaks have similar winter climates, east-west distribution along same latitude

Nonsmoker Mortality Showcases Harm of Secondhand Smoke

One nonsmoker dies from secondhand tobacco smoke exposure for every 52 smokers

Young Adults Using Juul More Than Non-Pod-Based E-Cigarettes

Fifty-eight percent of respondents reported using pods because they are easy to hide

Few Anesthesiologists Screen Elderly for Frailty, Dementia

Most anesthesiologists report that preop, postop screening occurs in less than 10 percent of cases

Medicare Expands Telemedicine Coverage During COVID-19 Pandemic

Expansion will allow millions of seniors to take care of medical problems while staying at home

Graphic Health Warnings Coming for U.S. Cigarette Packs

Warnings include photo-realistic color images depicting some of the lesser-known health risks of smoking

Chat Users Report Flu-Like Symptoms With Keto Diet

A cluster of transient symptoms occurring within the first few weeks on the diet described online

Per-Capita Medical Radiation Exposure Down in United States

2006 to 2016 saw drop in annual individual effective dose from diagnostic, interventional procedures

Children Susceptible to COVID-19 but Less Severely Affected

More than 90 percent of pediatric patients were asymptomatic, mild, or moderate cases

Large Case Series Reported for Nonsurgical Rhinoplasty

Single clinician reports good aesthetic outcomes, low complication rates for largest case series to date

Chemo Ups Disease-Free Survival in Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

Gemcitabine-platinum combination therapy tied to improved survival after nephroureterectomy

Causal Link Suggested for IGF-1 Concentrations, Breast Cancer

In Mendelian randomization analyses, increase in genetically predicted IGF-1 linked to breast cancer

Guidance Issued for Interventional Radiologists Treating Frostbite

Review highlights management strategies for treating severe frostbite

Low Maternal Vitamin D May Raise Risk for ADHD in Offspring

Study looked at maternal serum vitamin D levels in first trimester and offspring ADHD risk

Phone App Helps Cut Pain, Aid Functioning With Osteoarthritis

Findings seen in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis participating for either 24 or 48 weeks

Antibiotics May Not Help Children With Suspected Pneumonia

Outcomes do not differ for those with suspected CAP discharged from the ED with or without antibiotic Rx

Spirometry Suggests COPD for Many at Lung Cancer Screening

57 percent have spirometry findings consistent with COPD, 67 percent do not have prior history of COPD

Many Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities Involve Low Blood Alcohol

States with more restrictive alcohol policies have lower odds of lower blood alcohol-concentration MVCs

2009 to 2015 Saw Increase in Hyperglycemic Events

Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state events increased in emergency, inpatient settings

Case Series Indicates COVID-19 Not Transmitted In Utero

Four infants born to pregnant women who tested positive for COVID-19 in Wuhan were healthy at birth

Americans Detail Behavior Changes Amid COVID-19 Threat

Changes include improving hygiene, social distancing, stockpiling food

N.Y. and Colorado Ask Former Health Care Workers to Return to Workforce

Includes those working in another occupation, retired with medical license that is still active, can be reactivated

Race, Insurance Status Linked to Lower Cancer Survival

Reduced survival seen in HPV-associated head and neck cancer for nonwhite, uninsured patients

Dual Therapy Linked to Lower Bleeding Risk in A-Fib After PCI

Low-certainty evidence showed inconclusive effects for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, MI

Author Conflicts of Interest May Influence Cannabidiol Conclusions

Supportive conclusions seen in more studies with versus without CBD-related industry funding

Poll: Many Parents Not Talking to Children About Inappropriate Touching

One in four parents of school-age children say they have not yet begun talking about inappropriate touching

Amid Increased COVID-19 Fears, U.S. Extends Ban on Foreign Travel

Meanwhile, President Trump's coronavirus test comes back negative