Medicaid Expansion Increases Access to Kidney Transplants

Increases in Medicaid-covered preemptive kidney transplants greater in Medicaid expansion states

Women With Heart Attack Do Present With Typical Symptoms

Typical symptoms of myocardial infarction more common in women than men

Patient Factors May Predict Opioid Use After Discharge

Certain factors, such as anxiety, associated with greater opioid use in the month after major surgery

2011 FDA Safety Message Tied to Drop in Transvaginal Mesh Use

Proportion of apical procedures using transvaginal mesh decreased in year after safety communication

Fewer Children Receiving Care at Family Medicine Practices

Odds of being seen at family practice increased for children from rural areas versus urban children

Prevalence of Apnea High in Individuals With Resistant HTN

Patients with severe OSA had higher BP values than those with mild-to-moderate OSA, non-OSA individuals

Lifetime Risks for Peripheral Artery Disease Higher for Blacks

Within same race/ethnicity, residual lifetime risk varied 3.5- to 5.0-fold based on risk factors

Helmets Are Underutilized by Cyclists in the United States

Blacks, Hispanics, and those aged <17 years have lowest rates of wearing helmets

Prevalence of Short Sleep Duration Up From 2010 to 2018

Odds of short sleep duration increased in 2018 with adjustment for demographic, occupational characteristics

Brain Changes Differ for β-Amyloid, Cerebrovascular Burden

β-amyloid, cerebrovascular burden have divergent effects on brain functional network changes

HIV Infection May Raise Risk of Atrial Fibrillation

Risk similar to known factors such as hypertension and diabetes

n-3 PUFAs Do Not Lower Risk for Early Preterm Delivery

Maternal supplementation with n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids did not lower risk

Intrauterine Device Use May Reduce Incidence of Ovarian Cancer

Novel noncontraceptive benefit seen for all intrauterine devices

More Time Spent on Social Media May Harm Teen Mental Health

Risk for internalizing problems, comorbid internalizing and externalizing problems up with increased use

Cancer Survival Increasing in High-Income Countries

International disparities observed, with survival generally higher in Australia, Canada, and Norway

Imaging Technique May Help Predict Stroke-Related Dementia

Method using diffusion tensor imaging may predict dementia in patients with cerebral small vessel disease

Allergy Immunotherapy May Decrease Asthma Progression

Findings strongest for youngest patients with incident asthma treated in routine care

Screening for Opioid-Related Low Testosterone Underused

Rates of screening, treatment for low testosterone higher for prolonged versus short-term opioid users

H. Pylori Treatment May Reduce Gastric Cancer Incidence, Death

Reductions in gastric cancer mortality seen with H. pylori treatment, vitamin, garlic supplementation

Incidence of T2DM Rising in Fewer Populations Since 2006

Incidence rising in 33 percent of populations versus increase in 66 percent of populations in 1990 to 2005

Scientists Use Gene-Editing Tool CRISPR in Attempt to Cure HIV

Attempt failed, but tool appears precise and safe and holds promise

VA May Have to Pay Billions for Veterans’ Emergency Care Claims

Law says VA must pay emergency medical expenses if they are not covered by private insurance

Nine States Now Have an Obesity Rate Above 35 Percent

Plus, statistically significant increases seen in adult obesity rates in 33 states between 2013 and 2018

HIV Infection May Raise Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

Risk similar to known factors such as hypertension and diabetes

Most Diagnosed With Dementia Do Not Receive Specialty Care

Identification of etiological subtype of dementia more likely in patients who see a specialist

Hep C-Viremic Kidneys Increasingly Used for Transplant

One-year eGFR similar for HCV-seronegative recipients receiving HCV-viremic, non-HCV-viremic kidneys

Full Chemo Doses May Improve Survival in Breast Cancer

Maintaining full doses of chemo especially important early in the treatment course

Serum Biomarker Linked to Brain Atrophy in Multiple Sclerosis

Changes in serum neurofilament light chain levels tied to disability status and brain fraction atrophy

New Tool Measures Patients’ Perceptions of Stroke Care

Validated instrument focuses on speed of diagnosis and treatment, caring, and patient education

Supine, Non-Left-Sided Sleep Not Linked to Pregnancy Outcomes

Supine or right lateral sleep position not tied to higher risk for composite of adverse pregnancy outcomes

Spending Up With Treatment in Hospital-Owned Practices

Difference in spending seems to be due to greater service utilization; no difference seen in care quality

Insulin Pump Therapy Use Has Increased Since 1995

Highest rates reported among preschoolers, children, and adolescents aged younger than 15 years

Guideline Updated for Screening, Surveillance of Barrett Esophagus

Chromoendoscopy strongly recommended for patients with Barrett esophagus undergoing surveillance

Mycophenolate Mofetil Does Not Top MTX in Noninfectious Uveitis

Control of inflammation not superior with mycophenolate mofetil versus methotrexate

Users of Flavored E-Cigarettes Report Greater Satisfaction

Flavor is common reason for vaping initiation, more likely to motivate adults aged 18 to 24 years to start

New Strain of S. pyogenes Causing Scarlet Fever in U.K.

New, more toxigenic strain may explain recent increase in scarlet fever activity in England

EPA to Phase Out Chemical Testing on Mammals

Agency plans 30 percent reduction in number of studies that require use of mammals by 2025

Psychiatric Disorders May Up Risk for Bilateral Oophorectomy

Mental health conditions may play a role in physical symptoms, gynecologic complaints

President Pushing for Nationwide Ban on Flavored E-Cigarettes

Details of plan to phase out flavored e-cigarettes from the market expected during the next few weeks

Purdue Pharma Tentatively Reaches Settlement in Opioid Lawsuits

Deal is said to be worth $10 billion to $12 billion; company will not admit to wrongdoing

Risk for Long-Term Opioid Use Up in Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Odds higher for HS patients with advancing age, ever smoking, history of depression, comorbidity

Mild Cognitive Impairment Incidence Higher for WTC Responders

Incidence increased with PTSD severity; prolonged exposure a risk factor for apolipoprotein-ε4 carriers

Herd Protection Against Oral HPV Infections Seen Among Men

Vaccine-type oral HPV prevalence decreased from 2009-2010 to 2015-2016 among unvaccinated men

Quality-Improvement Tool Improves Iron Outcomes in Pregnancy

Toolkit includes diagnostic and management pathways plus educational resources

Female Early-Career, Midcareer Pediatricians Earn Less Than Male Peers

Female pediatricians also more likely to take primary responsibility for most household tasks

Age Modifies Effects of Estrogen Therapy in Women Without Ovaries

Women aged 50 to 59 years with BSO had treatment-associated decrease in all-cause mortality

1,125,000 Men/Boys Expected to Have Hemophilia Worldwide

Prevalence of all severities of hemophilia A and hemophilia B estimated at 17.1 and 3.8 cases per 100,000

Malnutrition Common in Older Brazilians Hospitalized for Cancer

Most prevalent nutrition impact symptoms include no appetite, dry mouth

Gun Owners, Nonowners Support Strengthening U.S. Gun Laws

Increases found in public support for licensing, universal background checks, regulation of gun dealers

Occasional Napping Linked to Lower Risk for Cardiovascular Events

Napping once or twice/week tied to lower risk, but napping duration not linked to CV event risk

Cognitive Therapy by Phone, Web May Ease Irritable Bowel Symptoms

Mean IBS Symptom Severity Score reduced for telephone-, web-CBT versus treatment as usual

Expansion of Peritoneal Dialysis Feasible

Initiation of PD increased above national trends after implementation of multidisciplinary tool

Greater Height Linked to Lower Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Correlation attenuated after adjustment for liver fat and triacylglycerols, adiponectin, CRP

USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Cognitive Screening in Older Adults

Draft recommendation statement says evidence inadequate for weighing benefits, harms of screening

Retinal Vein Occlusion Linked to Higher Risk for CV Events

Risks increased for stroke, MI, heart failure, PAD, all-cause mortality, but not CV mortality

Poverty Rate Drops, but Fewer Americans Have Health Insurance

8.5 percent of population lacked health insurance for all of 2018, up from 7.9 percent in 2017

California Passes Laws to Reduce Fake Medical Exemptions for Vaccines

Officials will have power to revoke any medical exemptions written by a doctor who has faced disciplinary action

AMA: Do Not Use Electronic Cigarettes

AMA statement comes as sixth death from vaping-related lung illness confirmed

FDA Warns Juul About Illegal Marketing Claims, Pitch to Youth

FDA questions claims such as Juul is 'much safer than cigarettes' and the 'FDA would approve it any day'

Studies Look at E-Cigarette Use Linked to Pulmonary Illness

Persons should consider not using e-cigarettes while investigation is ongoing and cause is uncertain

Lower Systolic BP Goal May Cut Risk for Orthostatic Hypotension

Lower systolic BP goal did not affect dizziness or lightheadedness in adults with recent stroke

Model Estimates Effect of Probiotics on Costs for Flu-Like Illnesses

Cost savings could include reductions in respiratory tract infections, antibiotic prescriptions, sick days

Use of Pain Reliever Tramadol May Up Risk for Hypoglycemia

Retrospective analysis of adverse events reported to FDA shows risk similar to that seen with methadone

Gout May Up Risk for Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease

Gout more than doubles the risk for end-stage kidney disease

Racial/Ethnic Variation Found in ED Destination of EMS Transport

Black, Hispanic patients more likely than white patients to be transported to safety-net hospital ED

Childhood Food Insecurity Tied to Poor Health Outcomes, Developmental Risk

But food insecurity for children 4 years and younger not associated with pediatric obesity, underweight

T2DM Risk Reduced by 75 Percent With Healthiest Lifestyle

Risk for all-cause, CVD, cancer mortality lower with healthiest lifestyle for those with type 2 diabetes

1970 to 2010 Saw Large Jump in Hypertension During Pregnancy

Overall prevalence of chronic HTN 0.63 percent; rate more than twofold higher for black women

Sublingual Immunotherapy Safely Desensitizes Pediatric Peanut Allergies

Extended therapy for up to five years safe, shows evidence of immune modulation

Two More Cases of EEE Virus Confirmed in Massachusetts

36 communities now at critical risk, 42 at high risk, 115 at moderate risk for Eastern equine encephalitis

Opioid Maker Purdue Pharma Expected to File for Bankruptcy

Settlement talks over Purdue's responsibility for the nation's opioid crisis have stalled

World Trade Center Site Exposure Linked to Lasting CVD Risk

Likelihood of having CVD event increased for those who worked at WTC site for six months or longer

Mammos May Not Benefit Elderly Women With Chronic Illness

Risk for death from other causes much higher than risk for breast cancer death with increasing comorbidity, age

Social Media Addiction May Harm Nurses’ Performance

Survey shows addiction reduces nurses' ability to concentrate on assigned tasks

Hearing Aid Use Tied to Lower Risk for Dementia, Depression, Falls

Findings revealed in large study of older adults with hearing loss

Greater Cognitive Decline Seen in Seniors Unaware of Having HTN

Those on antihypertensive treatment have smaller cognition decline, similar to those without HTN

Racial, Ethnic Underrepresentation in Med School Matriculants

Black, Hispanic, American Indian or Alaska Native students underrepresented versus U.S. population

County-Level Poverty Strongly Tied to Heart Failure Mortality

Poverty linked to heart failure and coronary heart disease mortality; link stronger for heart failure

1999 to 2016 Saw Increase in Suicide Rates Across the U.S.

Higher rates, more rapid increase in suicide rates seen in rural counties versus large metropolitan counties

Incidence of Colorectal Cancer Up in Younger Adults Worldwide

In most high-income countries with long-term data, uptick in early-onset disease began in mid-1990s

ATS Guideline Outlines Lab Tests for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections

Guideline addresses lab testing for diagnosis of fungal infections in pulmonary medicine, critical care

Study Reveals Mixed Effects on Health for Vegetarian Diet

Compared with meat eaters, rates of ischemic heart disease lower, but rates of stroke higher

Machine Learning Algorithms Promising in Kidney Diagnostics

Machine learning algorithms can aid in assessment of renal histopathology

1971 to 2017 Saw 32 Drinking Water Hepatitis A Outbreaks

The last four reported hepatitis A outbreaks during 1995 to 2009 were due to individual water systems

U.S. College Students’ Marijuana Use Reaches 35-Year High

43 percent of college students said they used some form of marijuana at least once in the past year

Racial, Ethnic Underrepresentation Found in Med School Matriculants

Black, Hispanic, American Indian or Alaska Native students underrepresented versus U.S. population

White House Announces Nearly $2 Billion in Grants to Fight Opioid Epidemic

SAMHSA will provide $932 million to every state, some U.S. territories for treatment, recovery programs

Health Officials Close in on Culprit in Vaping Lung Injury Cases

Vitamin E acetate can be dangerous when inhaled, leading to cough, shortness of breath, chest pain

Majority of U.S. Doctors Believe ACA Has Improved Access to Care

In 2017 versus 2012, more doctors agreed the ACA would turn U.S. health care in the right direction

CDC: Racial/Ethnic Disparities Reported in Pregnancy-Related Mortality Ratios

Non-Hispanic black, American Indian/Alaska Native women have higher PRMRs than all other groups

Decline in Heart Failure Mortality Rates Offset by Comorbidities

Treatments focused only on cardiovascular outcomes insufficient for improving heart failure patient survival

ESC Guidelines Updated for Managing CVD in Diabetes

Guidelines address lifestyle recommendations, individualized BP targets, SGLT2 inhibitor, GLP1-RA tx

New Facebook, Instagram Pop-Ups Counter Vaccine Misinformation

Social media sites aim to counter the spread of antivaccination misinformation

Algorithm Based on Response, Biology Guides Neuroblastoma Tx

Survival excellent with treatment algorithm for children with intermediate-risk neuroblastoma

Underused Drug Combo May Up Survival in Lung Transplant

No antibody induction therapy with sirolimus plus tacrolimus associated with maximal survival

Menstrual Cycles More Varied Than Previously Thought

Tracking basal body temperature and other parameters improves accuracy of ovulation detection

QoL Better With Laser Ablation, Surgery for Varicose Veins

At five years posttreatment, disease-specific QoL better with laser ablation, surgery than foam sclerotherapy

Updated Recommendations, Levels of Care Categorized for Pediatric ICUs

Three levels of care include community-based, tertiary, and quaternary or specialized PICUs

Drinking More Coffee Tied to Lower Risk for Gallstone Disease

Individuals with genetic variants linked to increased coffee consumption have reduced risk for gallstones

Position Statement Clarifies Benefits of Testosterone Therapy for Women

Testosterone only recommended for postmenopausal women with hypoactive sexual desire dysfunction

Psychedelic Research Center Created at Johns Hopkins University

Center has received $17 million in funding from group of private donors

Sacubitril-Valsartan Does Not Impact Aortic Stiffness in HFrEF

But it is linked to improvements in cardiac structure, function including decreases in LVESVI, LVEDVI

ESC Guidelines Updated for Diagnosis, Treatment of PE

Dedicated algorithms proposed for management of high-risk PE, diagnosis of suspected PE in pregnancy

California Bill Targets Doctors Who Sell Fake Vaccine Medical Exemptions

Bill gives state the power to investigate doctors who grant more than five medical exemptions in a year

Second Possible Death Reported in U.S. From Vaping-Related Lung Illness

Meanwhile, Michigan becomes the first state to ban flavored electronic cigarettes

Postictal Serotonin Levels Associated With Periictal Apnea

Postictal serum 5-HT levels increased over interictal levels for seizures without ictal central apnea

Metabolic Surgery May Reduce CV Risk in T2DM With Obesity

Reduction seen in primary end point and seven prespecified secondary outcomes, including mortality

Leading Causes of Adult Mortality Vary by Country Income Levels

Modifiable risk factors account for about 70 percent of cardiovascular disease cases, deaths

Poll: Not All Older Adults Prepared for Emergency Situations

Most of those who require essential medications or health supplies report having seven-day supply

Cesarean Section Quality Initiative Cuts Opioid Use

Preoperative and postoperative process changes lead to faster recovery without increased pain

Exercise Physiologists Aid Early Mobilization in ICU Patients

Critically ill patients maintain, increase level of activity after early mobilization interventions

Proximity to Outbreak May Affect Attitudes in Vaccine Doubters

Vaccine skeptics close to measles outbreak likely to have more positive attitudes toward vaccination

Decreased Humoral Immunity to Mumps Seen in Young Adults

10 percent of college-aged students vaccinated in childhood had no detectable memory B cells to mumps

Autism Rates Up, Particularly Among Minority Children

Authors say minority rates passing those of whites and expected to continue

Drinking Soft Drinks Tied to Higher Risk for Early Death

Higher risk for death seen for drinking two or more sugar- or artificially sweetened soft drinks per day

Low-Fat Dietary Pattern Offers Long-Term Health Benefits

Significant benefits seen in relation to breast cancer, CHD, diabetes, without adverse effects

Pediatric Flu Vaccine Guidelines Updated for 2019-20 Season

Any form of licensed, age-appropriate vaccine is acceptable, with no preferred formulation or product

August 2019 Briefing – Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Pharmacy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pharmacy for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Allergy

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Allergy for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

ESC Guidelines Updated for Supraventricular Tachycardia

Catheter ablation recommended, should be considered for many patients with SVT

August 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Rheumatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Rheumatology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Officials Say New York City Measles Outbreak Over

No new measles cases have been reported in the city since mid-July

August 2019 Briefing – Dermatology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Dermatology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Surgery for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

In STEMI, Biodegradable Polymer Sirolimus-Eluting Stents Superior

Stents superior to durable polymer everolimus-eluting stents for end point of target lesion failure at one year

August 2019 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for August 2019. This roundup includes...

August 2019 Briefing – Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Higher Risk for Noncommunicable Diseases Seen in Cerebral Palsy

Adults with cerebral palsy have higher risk for cardiovascular, respiratory disease

August 2019 Briefing – Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for August 2019. This roundup includes the...

August 2019 Briefing – Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for August 2019. This roundup includes the...

USPSTF Advises Meds to Reduce Risk for Primary Breast Cancer

Offer risk-reducing meds to women at higher risk for breast cancer, low risk for adverse medication effects

August 2019 Briefing – Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for August 2019. This roundup includes the...

Benefit, Harm Seen for Ticagrelor Plus Aspirin in Stable CAD With T2DM

Incidence of ischemic cardiovascular events lower but major bleeding increased versus placebo plus aspirin

August 2019 Briefing – HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for August 2019. This roundup includes...

August 2019 Briefing – Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for August 2019. This roundup includes the...

Complete Revascularization Best for STEMI With Multivessel CAD

Complete revascularization better than culprit lesion-only percutaneous coronary intervention

August 2019 Briefing – Infectious Disease

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for August 2019. This roundup includes the...

August 2019 Briefing – Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Ultrasonography Helps Differentiate Arthritis Types

Ultrasound found to be convenient, feasible, accurate, affordable in early diagnosis of arthritis

August 2019 Briefing – Neurology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Neurology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Nephrology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nephrology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Some Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injuries Are Unavoidable

Unavoidable HAPIs less likely with chemical sedation, systolic BP <90 mm Hg, receipt of vasopressor

August 2019 Briefing – Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Microplastics Detected in Human Stool Samples

Nine plastic types detected in stool samples from eight healthy volunteers

August 2019 Briefing – OBGYN & Women’s Health

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for August 2019. This roundup...

August 2019 Briefing – Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Evidence Says Antipsychotics Do Not Prevent Delirium in Adults

Evidence also refutes routine use of haloperidol, second-generation antipsychotics for tx of delirium

August 2019 Briefing – Hematology & Oncology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Hematology & Oncology for August 2019. This roundup includes...

August 2019 Briefing – Anesthesiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Anesthesiology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Risk Factors for Hypersensitivity to Iodinated Contrast Media ID’d

Premedication with antihistamine, change in generic profile of ICM are preventive against recurrent HSR

August 2019 Briefing – Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Cosmetic Surgery

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cosmetic Surgery for August 2019. This roundup includes the...

Adolescent Oral Contraceptive Use Tied to Later Depression Risk

Findings show long-term impact, regardless of current oral contraception use in adulthood

August 2019 Briefing – Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Geriatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Geriatrics for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

Marriage Associated With Lower Dementia Risk

Divorced, widowed, separated men show greater risk for dementia than women in same categories

August 2019 Briefing – Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for August 2019. This roundup includes the latest...

August 2019 Briefing – Pain Management

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pain Management for August 2019. This roundup includes the...

CDC: Mumps Outbreak Reported in Migrant Detention Facilities

898 confirmed, probable mumps cases reported in adult migrants detained in 57 facilities

Interest in Marijuana, Cannabinoids for Pain Rising Rapidly

Physician anesthesiologists concerned about prevalent misunderstanding about marijuana, related products

CDC Boosts Efforts to Fight Congo Ebola Outbreak

So far, 3,004 cases and 2,006 deaths have been reported in the Ebola outbreak

Massachusetts Communities at ‘Critical Risk’ for Mosquito-Borne Virus

Dozens of communities at high or moderate risk for Eastern equine encephalitis

As Lung Injury Cases Rise, CDC Advises ‘Do Not Vape’

CDC, FDA working with state health officials to gather info on products, substances used by affected patients

Type and Timing of Menopausal HRT Affect Risk for Breast Cancer

Some excess risk persists for >10 years after ceasing therapy; magnitude varies with duration of use

Offers of Viable Deceased Donor Kidneys Frequently Refused

Eighty-four percent of kidneys declined on behalf of at least one candidate before being accepted

Deep Infections Occur in 6 Percent of Knee Fracture Repairs

Infection most common with proximal tibia fractures

Family Dissatisfaction Greater When Intensive End-of-Life CKD Care Utilized

Receipt of maintenance dialysis and more intensive patterns of end-of-life care linked to lower ratings

Costs of Reusable Colonoscopes Vary Based on Center Volume

Cost per colonoscopy ranges from $188.64 at high-volume centers to $501.16 at low-volume centers

Type and Timing of Menopausal HRT Affect Risk of Breast Cancer

Some excess risk persists for >10 years after ceasing therapy; magnitude varies with duration of use

eScooter-Related Injuries Have Increased Over Time

48 percent had blood alcohol level >80 mg/dL; 52 percent of toxicology screens were positive

NFL Seasons of Play, Playing Position Affect Mental Health

Seasons of professional play and playing position in NFL linked to cognition-related quality of life

Netarsudil Lowers IOP in Glaucoma, Ocular Hypertension

ROCKET-4 study shows once-daily netarsudil noninferior to twice-daily timolol

Cerebrovascular Risk Factors May Up Risk for Parkinson Disease

Most cerebrovascular risk factors linked to higher risk for subsequent diagnosis of Parkinson disease

Racial Disparities Persist in Breastfeeding in U.S. Infants

Smaller differences ID'd between black and white infants who initiate breastfeeding

Elder Abuse Most Commonly Perpetrated by Family Members

Financial abuse was most common type of elder abuse identified

Hormone Tx Not Tied to Change in Muscle Mass in Older Women

No significant beneficial or detrimental association seen in postmenopausal women

FDA Reports Rare Cases of Liver Injury, Failure With Hep C Therapies

Worsening liver functioning, liver failure reported among patients contraindicated for HCV therapies

FDA: Risk From Tainted Blood Pressure Drugs Very Low

Officials say actual risk to patients from tainted medications is likely lower than originally stated

WHO: ‘Dramatic Resurgence’ of Measles Occurring in Europe

Four European countries have lost their status as having eliminated measles

U.S. Surgeon General Warns of Marijuana’s Effect on Developing Brain

AAP has long advised young people and pregnant or breastfeeding women not to use marijuana

CDC: January to July 2018 Saw Decrease in Opioid Deaths

But deaths from illicitly manufactured fentanyl increased during same period

High-Intensity Training Improves Walking in Stroke Survivors

High-intensity training results in better gains in walking speeds, distance than low-intensity training

Cancer Survivors Face Long-Term Cardiovascular Risk

Risk varies by cardiovascular outcome and site of 20 common cancers

Low Micronutrient Levels Tied to Frailty in Older Adults

Low micronutrient status has potential to be a modifiable target for preventing frailty

New Anti-CRE Antibiotics Used for 35 Percent of Infections

Ceftazidime-avibactam, meropenem-vaborbactam, plazomicin exceeded IV polymyxins as of Dec. 2018

1984 to 2016 Saw Increase in Age of Death for HIV-Infected

Autopsy data trends include increase in prevalence of atherosclerosis, drop in opportunistic infections

2001 to 2016 Saw Large Increase in Mohs Surgery for Melanoma

Regional variation considerable, with more than threefold variation between regions with highest, lowest use

Female Surgical Residents Have Lower Salary Expectations

Interest in leadership, academic careers, research did not differ from that of male residents

Plasma Marker May Help Detect Traumatic Brain Injury

Plasma levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein higher in those with CT−, MRI+ versus CT−, MRI− findings

Treatment Guidelines Updated for Ankylosing Spondylitis, Axial SpA

TNFi recommended over secukinumab, ixekizumab for AS and nonradiographic axial SpA as first biologic

Long-Term Night-Shift Work May Up Risk for Multiple Sclerosis

Overall, no link found between rotating night-shift work history and MS risk in two large nurse cohorts

Losing 20 lb Improves Knee Replacement Outcomes

Findings based on group of morbidly obese patients with varying weight loss before surgery

Central Obesity Tied to CAD in Postmenopausal Chest Pain

Central, but not overall, obesity linked to obstructive coronary artery disease underlying stable chest pain

Millions of Contigo Kids Cleanable Water Bottles Recalled

Contigo has received 149 reports of the spout detaching, including 18 spouts found in children's mouths

Vaccine-Related Searches on Pinterest Will Show Only Public Health Organizations

Last year, Pinterest stopped showing vaccine-related search results to halt spread of misinformation